File: file.c

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/*
 * Copyright (C) Sistina Software, Inc.  1997-2003 All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This copyrighted material is made available to anyone wishing to use,
 * modify, copy, or redistribute it subject to the terms and conditions
 * of the GNU General Public License version 2.
 */

#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/gfs2_ondisk.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/crc32.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/dlm.h>
#include <linux/dlm_plock.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>

#include "gfs2.h"
#include "incore.h"
#include "bmap.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "glock.h"
#include "glops.h"
#include "inode.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "meta_io.h"
#include "quota.h"
#include "rgrp.h"
#include "trans.h"
#include "util.h"

/**
 * gfs2_llseek - seek to a location in a file
 * @file: the file
 * @offset: the offset
 * @whence: Where to seek from (SEEK_SET, SEEK_CUR, or SEEK_END)
 *
 * SEEK_END requires the glock for the file because it references the
 * file's size.
 *
 * Returns: The new offset, or errno
 */

static loff_t gfs2_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);
	struct gfs2_holder i_gh;
	loff_t error;

	switch (whence) {
	case SEEK_END: /* These reference inode->i_size */
	case SEEK_DATA:
	case SEEK_HOLE:
		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, LM_FLAG_ANY,
					   &i_gh);
		if (!error) {
			error = generic_file_llseek(file, offset, whence);
			gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&i_gh);
		}
		break;
	case SEEK_CUR:
	case SEEK_SET:
		error = generic_file_llseek(file, offset, whence);
		break;
	default:
		error = -EINVAL;
	}

	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_readdir - Iterator for a directory
 * @file: The directory to read from
 * @ctx: What to feed directory entries to
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
{
	struct inode *dir = file->f_mapping->host;
	struct gfs2_inode *dip = GFS2_I(dir);
	struct gfs2_holder d_gh;
	int error;

	error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(dip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, 0, &d_gh);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = gfs2_dir_read(dir, ctx, &file->f_ra);

	gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&d_gh);

	return error;
}

/**
 * fsflags_cvt
 * @table: A table of 32 u32 flags
 * @val: a 32 bit value to convert
 *
 * This function can be used to convert between fsflags values and
 * GFS2's own flags values.
 *
 * Returns: the converted flags
 */
static u32 fsflags_cvt(const u32 *table, u32 val)
{
	u32 res = 0;
	while(val) {
		if (val & 1)
			res |= *table;
		table++;
		val >>= 1;
	}
	return res;
}

static const u32 fsflags_to_gfs2[32] = {
	[3] = GFS2_DIF_SYNC,
	[4] = GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE,
	[5] = GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY,
	[7] = GFS2_DIF_NOATIME,
	[12] = GFS2_DIF_EXHASH,
	[14] = GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA,
	[17] = GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR,
};

static const u32 gfs2_to_fsflags[32] = {
	[gfs2fl_Sync] = FS_SYNC_FL,
	[gfs2fl_Immutable] = FS_IMMUTABLE_FL,
	[gfs2fl_AppendOnly] = FS_APPEND_FL,
	[gfs2fl_NoAtime] = FS_NOATIME_FL,
	[gfs2fl_ExHash] = FS_INDEX_FL,
	[gfs2fl_TopLevel] = FS_TOPDIR_FL,
	[gfs2fl_InheritJdata] = FS_JOURNAL_DATA_FL,
};

static int gfs2_get_flags(struct file *filp, u32 __user *ptr)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	int error;
	u32 fsflags;

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, 0, &gh);
	error = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (error)
		return error;

	fsflags = fsflags_cvt(gfs2_to_fsflags, ip->i_diskflags);
	if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) && ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_JDATA)
		fsflags |= FS_JOURNAL_DATA_FL;
	if (put_user(fsflags, ptr))
		error = -EFAULT;

	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	return error;
}

void gfs2_set_inode_flags(struct inode *inode)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	unsigned int flags = inode->i_flags;

	flags &= ~(S_SYNC|S_APPEND|S_IMMUTABLE|S_NOATIME|S_DIRSYNC|S_NOSEC);
	if ((ip->i_eattr == 0) && !is_sxid(inode->i_mode))
		inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE)
		flags |= S_IMMUTABLE;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY)
		flags |= S_APPEND;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_NOATIME)
		flags |= S_NOATIME;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_SYNC)
		flags |= S_SYNC;
	inode->i_flags = flags;
}

/* Flags that can be set by user space */
#define GFS2_FLAGS_USER_SET (GFS2_DIF_JDATA|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE|		\
			     GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY|		\
			     GFS2_DIF_NOATIME|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_SYNC|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_SYSTEM|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA)

/**
 * do_gfs2_set_flags - set flags on an inode
 * @filp: file pointer
 * @reqflags: The flags to set
 * @mask: Indicates which flags are valid
 *
 */
static int do_gfs2_set_flags(struct file *filp, u32 reqflags, u32 mask)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct buffer_head *bh;
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	int error;
	u32 new_flags, flags;

	error = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE, 0, &gh);
	if (error)
		goto out_drop_write;

	error = -EACCES;
	if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode))
		goto out;

	error = 0;
	flags = ip->i_diskflags;
	new_flags = (flags & ~mask) | (reqflags & mask);
	if ((new_flags ^ flags) == 0)
		goto out;

	error = -EINVAL;
	if ((new_flags ^ flags) & ~GFS2_FLAGS_USER_SET)
		goto out;

	error = -EPERM;
	if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) && (new_flags & GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE))
		goto out;
	if (IS_APPEND(inode) && (new_flags & GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY))
		goto out;
	if (((new_flags ^ flags) & GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE) &&
	    !capable(CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE))
		goto out;
	if (!IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) {
		error = gfs2_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE);
		if (error)
			goto out;
	}
	if ((flags ^ new_flags) & GFS2_DIF_JDATA) {
		if (flags & GFS2_DIF_JDATA)
			gfs2_log_flush(sdp, ip->i_gl, NORMAL_FLUSH);
		error = filemap_fdatawrite(inode->i_mapping);
		if (error)
			goto out;
		error = filemap_fdatawait(inode->i_mapping);
		if (error)
			goto out;
	}
	error = gfs2_trans_begin(sdp, RES_DINODE, 0);
	if (error)
		goto out;
	error = gfs2_meta_inode_buffer(ip, &bh);
	if (error)
		goto out_trans_end;
	gfs2_trans_add_meta(ip->i_gl, bh);
	ip->i_diskflags = new_flags;
	gfs2_dinode_out(ip, bh->b_data);
	brelse(bh);
	gfs2_set_inode_flags(inode);
	gfs2_set_aops(inode);
out_trans_end:
	gfs2_trans_end(sdp);
out:
	gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&gh);
out_drop_write:
	mnt_drop_write_file(filp);
	return error;
}

static int gfs2_set_flags(struct file *filp, u32 __user *ptr)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	u32 fsflags, gfsflags;

	if (get_user(fsflags, ptr))
		return -EFAULT;

	gfsflags = fsflags_cvt(fsflags_to_gfs2, fsflags);
	if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
		gfsflags &= ~GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR;
		if (gfsflags & GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA)
			gfsflags ^= (GFS2_DIF_JDATA | GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA);
		return do_gfs2_set_flags(filp, gfsflags, ~0);
	}
	return do_gfs2_set_flags(filp, gfsflags, ~GFS2_DIF_JDATA);
}

static long gfs2_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	switch(cmd) {
	case FS_IOC_GETFLAGS:
		return gfs2_get_flags(filp, (u32 __user *)arg);
	case FS_IOC_SETFLAGS:
		return gfs2_set_flags(filp, (u32 __user *)arg);
	case FITRIM:
		return gfs2_fitrim(filp, (void __user *)arg);
	}
	return -ENOTTY;
}

/**
 * gfs2_size_hint - Give a hint to the size of a write request
 * @filep: The struct file
 * @offset: The file offset of the write
 * @size: The length of the write
 *
 * When we are about to do a write, this function records the total
 * write size in order to provide a suitable hint to the lower layers
 * about how many blocks will be required.
 *
 */

static void gfs2_size_hint(struct file *filep, loff_t offset, size_t size)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filep);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	size_t blks = (size + sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize - 1) >> sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;
	int hint = min_t(size_t, INT_MAX, blks);

	atomic_set(&ip->i_res->rs_sizehint, hint);
}

/**
 * gfs2_allocate_page_backing - Use bmap to allocate blocks
 * @page: The (locked) page to allocate backing for
 *
 * We try to allocate all the blocks required for the page in
 * one go. This might fail for various reasons, so we keep
 * trying until all the blocks to back this page are allocated.
 * If some of the blocks are already allocated, thats ok too.
 */

static int gfs2_allocate_page_backing(struct page *page)
{
	struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
	struct buffer_head bh;
	unsigned long size = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
	u64 lblock = page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);

	do {
		bh.b_state = 0;
		bh.b_size = size;
		gfs2_block_map(inode, lblock, &bh, 1);
		if (!buffer_mapped(&bh))
			return -EIO;
		size -= bh.b_size;
		lblock += (bh.b_size >> inode->i_blkbits);
	} while(size > 0);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_page_mkwrite - Make a shared, mmap()ed, page writable
 * @vma: The virtual memory area
 * @vmf: The virtual memory fault containing the page to become writable
 *
 * When the page becomes writable, we need to ensure that we have
 * blocks allocated on disk to back that page.
 */

static int gfs2_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
	struct page *page = vmf->page;
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_alloc_parms ap = { .aflags = 0, };
	unsigned long last_index;
	u64 pos = page->index << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
	unsigned int data_blocks, ind_blocks, rblocks;
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	loff_t size;
	int ret;

	sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb);

	/* Update file times before taking page lock */
	file_update_time(vma->vm_file);

	ret = get_write_access(inode);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	ret = gfs2_rs_alloc(ip);
	if (ret)
		goto out_write_access;

	gfs2_size_hint(vma->vm_file, pos, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE, 0, &gh);
	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (ret)
		goto out_uninit;

	set_bit(GLF_DIRTY, &ip->i_gl->gl_flags);
	set_bit(GIF_SW_PAGED, &ip->i_flags);

	if (!gfs2_write_alloc_required(ip, pos, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE)) {
		lock_page(page);
		if (!PageUptodate(page) || page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) {
			ret = -EAGAIN;
			unlock_page(page);
		}
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	ret = gfs2_rindex_update(sdp);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;

	ret = gfs2_quota_lock_check(ip);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;
	gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, &data_blocks, &ind_blocks);
	ap.target = data_blocks + ind_blocks;
	ret = gfs2_inplace_reserve(ip, &ap);
	if (ret)
		goto out_quota_unlock;

	rblocks = RES_DINODE + ind_blocks;
	if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
		rblocks += data_blocks ? data_blocks : 1;
	if (ind_blocks || data_blocks) {
		rblocks += RES_STATFS + RES_QUOTA;
		rblocks += gfs2_rg_blocks(ip, data_blocks + ind_blocks);
	}
	ret = gfs2_trans_begin(sdp, rblocks, 0);
	if (ret)
		goto out_trans_fail;

	lock_page(page);
	ret = -EINVAL;
	size = i_size_read(inode);
	last_index = (size - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
	/* Check page index against inode size */
	if (size == 0 || (page->index > last_index))
		goto out_trans_end;

	ret = -EAGAIN;
	/* If truncated, we must retry the operation, we may have raced
	 * with the glock demotion code.
	 */
	if (!PageUptodate(page) || page->mapping != inode->i_mapping)
		goto out_trans_end;

	/* Unstuff, if required, and allocate backing blocks for page */
	ret = 0;
	if (gfs2_is_stuffed(ip))
		ret = gfs2_unstuff_dinode(ip, page);
	if (ret == 0)
		ret = gfs2_allocate_page_backing(page);

out_trans_end:
	if (ret)
		unlock_page(page);
	gfs2_trans_end(sdp);
out_trans_fail:
	gfs2_inplace_release(ip);
out_quota_unlock:
	gfs2_quota_unlock(ip);
out_unlock:
	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	if (ret == 0) {
		set_page_dirty(page);
		wait_for_stable_page(page);
	}
out_write_access:
	put_write_access(inode);
out:
	sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
	return block_page_mkwrite_return(ret);
}

static const struct vm_operations_struct gfs2_vm_ops = {
	.fault = filemap_fault,
	.map_pages = filemap_map_pages,
	.page_mkwrite = gfs2_page_mkwrite,
	.remap_pages = generic_file_remap_pages,
};

/**
 * gfs2_mmap -
 * @file: The file to map
 * @vma: The VMA which described the mapping
 *
 * There is no need to get a lock here unless we should be updating
 * atime. We ignore any locking errors since the only consequence is
 * a missed atime update (which will just be deferred until later).
 *
 * Returns: 0
 */

static int gfs2_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);

	if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME) &&
	    !IS_NOATIME(&ip->i_inode)) {
		struct gfs2_holder i_gh;
		int error;

		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, LM_FLAG_ANY,
					   &i_gh);
		if (error)
			return error;
		/* grab lock to update inode */
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&i_gh);
		file_accessed(file);
	}
	vma->vm_ops = &gfs2_vm_ops;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_open_common - This is common to open and atomic_open
 * @inode: The inode being opened
 * @file: The file being opened
 *
 * This maybe called under a glock or not depending upon how it has
 * been called. We must always be called under a glock for regular
 * files, however. For other file types, it does not matter whether
 * we hold the glock or not.
 *
 * Returns: Error code or 0 for success
 */

int gfs2_open_common(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct gfs2_file *fp;
	int ret;

	if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
		ret = generic_file_open(inode, file);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	fp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct gfs2_file), GFP_NOFS);
	if (!fp)
		return -ENOMEM;

	mutex_init(&fp->f_fl_mutex);

	gfs2_assert_warn(GFS2_SB(inode), !file->private_data);
	file->private_data = fp;
	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_open - open a file
 * @inode: the inode to open
 * @file: the struct file for this opening
 *
 * After atomic_open, this function is only used for opening files
 * which are already cached. We must still get the glock for regular
 * files to ensure that we have the file size uptodate for the large
 * file check which is in the common code. That is only an issue for
 * regular files though.
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_holder i_gh;
	int error;
	bool need_unlock = false;

	if (S_ISREG(ip->i_inode.i_mode)) {
		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, LM_FLAG_ANY,
					   &i_gh);
		if (error)
			return error;
		need_unlock = true;
	}

	error = gfs2_open_common(inode, file);

	if (need_unlock)
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&i_gh);

	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_release - called to close a struct file
 * @inode: the inode the struct file belongs to
 * @file: the struct file being closed
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);

	kfree(file->private_data);
	file->private_data = NULL;

	if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
		return 0;

	gfs2_rs_delete(ip, &inode->i_writecount);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_fsync - sync the dirty data for a file (across the cluster)
 * @file: the file that points to the dentry
 * @start: the start position in the file to sync
 * @end: the end position in the file to sync
 * @datasync: set if we can ignore timestamp changes
 *
 * We split the data flushing here so that we don't wait for the data
 * until after we've also sent the metadata to disk. Note that for
 * data=ordered, we will write & wait for the data at the log flush
 * stage anyway, so this is unlikely to make much of a difference
 * except in the data=writeback case.
 *
 * If the fdatawrite fails due to any reason except -EIO, we will
 * continue the remainder of the fsync, although we'll still report
 * the error at the end. This is to match filemap_write_and_wait_range()
 * behaviour.
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
		      int datasync)
{
	struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
	struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
	int sync_state = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	int ret = 0, ret1 = 0;

	if (mapping->nrpages) {
		ret1 = filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end);
		if (ret1 == -EIO)
			return ret1;
	}

	if (!gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
		sync_state &= ~I_DIRTY_PAGES;
	if (datasync)
		sync_state &= ~I_DIRTY_SYNC;

	if (sync_state) {
		ret = sync_inode_metadata(inode, 1);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
			filemap_write_and_wait(mapping);
		gfs2_ail_flush(ip->i_gl, 1);
	}

	if (mapping->nrpages)
		ret = filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start, end);

	return ret ? ret : ret1;
}

/**
 * gfs2_file_write_iter - Perform a write to a file
 * @iocb: The io context
 * @iov: The data to write
 * @nr_segs: Number of @iov segments
 * @pos: The file position
 *
 * We have to do a lock/unlock here to refresh the inode size for
 * O_APPEND writes, otherwise we can land up writing at the wrong
 * offset. There is still a race, but provided the app is using its
 * own file locking, this will make O_APPEND work as expected.
 *
 */

static ssize_t gfs2_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file_inode(file));
	int ret;

	ret = gfs2_rs_alloc(ip);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	gfs2_size_hint(file, iocb->ki_pos, iov_iter_count(from));

	if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) {
		struct gfs2_holder gh;

		ret = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, 0, &gh);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&gh);
	}

	return generic_file_write_iter(iocb, from);
}

static int fallocate_chunk(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len,
			   int mode)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct buffer_head *dibh;
	int error;
	loff_t size = len;
	unsigned int nr_blks;
	sector_t lblock = offset >> inode->i_blkbits;

	error = gfs2_meta_inode_buffer(ip, &dibh);
	if (unlikely(error))
		return error;

	gfs2_trans_add_meta(ip->i_gl, dibh);

	if (gfs2_is_stuffed(ip)) {
		error = gfs2_unstuff_dinode(ip, NULL);
		if (unlikely(error))
			goto out;
	}

	while (len) {
		struct buffer_head bh_map = { .b_state = 0, .b_blocknr = 0 };
		bh_map.b_size = len;
		set_buffer_zeronew(&bh_map);

		error = gfs2_block_map(inode, lblock, &bh_map, 1);
		if (unlikely(error))
			goto out;
		len -= bh_map.b_size;
		nr_blks = bh_map.b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
		lblock += nr_blks;
		if (!buffer_new(&bh_map))
			continue;
		if (unlikely(!buffer_zeronew(&bh_map))) {
			error = -EIO;
			goto out;
		}
	}
	if (offset + size > inode->i_size && !(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE))
		i_size_write(inode, offset + size);

	mark_inode_dirty(inode);

out:
	brelse(dibh);
	return error;
}

static void calc_max_reserv(struct gfs2_inode *ip, loff_t max, loff_t *len,
			    unsigned int *data_blocks, unsigned int *ind_blocks)
{
	const struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(&ip->i_inode);
	unsigned int max_blocks = ip->i_rgd->rd_free_clone;
	unsigned int tmp, max_data = max_blocks - 3 * (sdp->sd_max_height - 1);

	for (tmp = max_data; tmp > sdp->sd_diptrs;) {
		tmp = DIV_ROUND_UP(tmp, sdp->sd_inptrs);
		max_data -= tmp;
	}
	/* This calculation isn't the exact reverse of gfs2_write_calc_reserve,
	   so it might end up with fewer data blocks */
	if (max_data <= *data_blocks)
		return;
	*data_blocks = max_data;
	*ind_blocks = max_blocks - max_data;
	*len = ((loff_t)max_data - 3) << sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;
	if (*len > max) {
		*len = max;
		gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, max, data_blocks, ind_blocks);
	}
}

static long gfs2_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
			   loff_t len)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_alloc_parms ap = { .aflags = 0, };
	unsigned int data_blocks = 0, ind_blocks = 0, rblocks;
	loff_t bytes, max_bytes;
	int error;
	const loff_t pos = offset;
	const loff_t count = len;
	loff_t bsize_mask = ~((loff_t)sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize - 1);
	loff_t next = (offset + len - 1) >> sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;
	loff_t max_chunk_size = UINT_MAX & bsize_mask;
	struct gfs2_holder gh;

	next = (next + 1) << sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;

	/* We only support the FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE mode */
	if (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	offset &= bsize_mask;

	len = next - offset;
	bytes = sdp->sd_max_rg_data * sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize / 2;
	if (!bytes)
		bytes = UINT_MAX;
	bytes &= bsize_mask;
	if (bytes == 0)
		bytes = sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize;

	error = gfs2_rs_alloc(ip);
	if (error)
		return error;

	mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE, 0, &gh);
	error = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (unlikely(error))
		goto out_uninit;

	gfs2_size_hint(file, offset, len);

	while (len > 0) {
		if (len < bytes)
			bytes = len;
		if (!gfs2_write_alloc_required(ip, offset, bytes)) {
			len -= bytes;
			offset += bytes;
			continue;
		}
		error = gfs2_quota_lock_check(ip);
		if (error)
			goto out_unlock;

retry:
		gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, bytes, &data_blocks, &ind_blocks);

		ap.target = data_blocks + ind_blocks;
		error = gfs2_inplace_reserve(ip, &ap);
		if (error) {
			if (error == -ENOSPC && bytes > sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize) {
				bytes >>= 1;
				bytes &= bsize_mask;
				if (bytes == 0)
					bytes = sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize;
				goto retry;
			}
			goto out_qunlock;
		}
		max_bytes = bytes;
		calc_max_reserv(ip, (len > max_chunk_size)? max_chunk_size: len,
				&max_bytes, &data_blocks, &ind_blocks);

		rblocks = RES_DINODE + ind_blocks + RES_STATFS + RES_QUOTA +
			  RES_RG_HDR + gfs2_rg_blocks(ip, data_blocks + ind_blocks);
		if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
			rblocks += data_blocks ? data_blocks : 1;

		error = gfs2_trans_begin(sdp, rblocks,
					 PAGE_CACHE_SIZE/sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize);
		if (error)
			goto out_trans_fail;

		error = fallocate_chunk(inode, offset, max_bytes, mode);
		gfs2_trans_end(sdp);

		if (error)
			goto out_trans_fail;

		len -= max_bytes;
		offset += max_bytes;
		gfs2_inplace_release(ip);
		gfs2_quota_unlock(ip);
	}

	if (error == 0)
		error = generic_write_sync(file, pos, count);
	goto out_unlock;

out_trans_fail:
	gfs2_inplace_release(ip);
out_qunlock:
	gfs2_quota_unlock(ip);
out_unlock:
	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
	return error;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_GFS2_FS_LOCKING_DLM

/**
 * gfs2_setlease - acquire/release a file lease
 * @file: the file pointer
 * @arg: lease type
 * @fl: file lock
 *
 * We don't currently have a way to enforce a lease across the whole
 * cluster; until we do, disable leases (by just returning -EINVAL),
 * unless the administrator has requested purely local locking.
 *
 * Locking: called under i_lock
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_setlease(struct file *file, long arg, struct file_lock **fl)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}

/**
 * gfs2_lock - acquire/release a posix lock on a file
 * @file: the file pointer
 * @cmd: either modify or retrieve lock state, possibly wait
 * @fl: type and range of lock
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_lock(struct file *file, int cmd, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(file->f_mapping->host);
	struct lm_lockstruct *ls = &sdp->sd_lockstruct;

	if (!(fl->fl_flags & FL_POSIX))
		return -ENOLCK;
	if (__mandatory_lock(&ip->i_inode) && fl->fl_type != F_UNLCK)
		return -ENOLCK;

	if (cmd == F_CANCELLK) {
		/* Hack: */
		cmd = F_SETLK;
		fl->fl_type = F_UNLCK;
	}
	if (unlikely(test_bit(SDF_SHUTDOWN, &sdp->sd_flags))) {
		if (fl->fl_type == F_UNLCK)
			posix_lock_file_wait(file, fl);
		return -EIO;
	}
	if (IS_GETLK(cmd))
		return dlm_posix_get(ls->ls_dlm, ip->i_no_addr, file, fl);
	else if (fl->fl_type == F_UNLCK)
		return dlm_posix_unlock(ls->ls_dlm, ip->i_no_addr, file, fl);
	else
		return dlm_posix_lock(ls->ls_dlm, ip->i_no_addr, file, cmd, fl);
}

static int do_flock(struct file *file, int cmd, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	struct gfs2_file *fp = file->private_data;
	struct gfs2_holder *fl_gh = &fp->f_fl_gh;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file_inode(file));
	struct gfs2_glock *gl;
	unsigned int state;
	int flags;
	int error = 0;

	state = (fl->fl_type == F_WRLCK) ? LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE : LM_ST_SHARED;
	flags = (IS_SETLKW(cmd) ? 0 : LM_FLAG_TRY) | GL_EXACT;

	mutex_lock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);

	gl = fl_gh->gh_gl;
	if (gl) {
		if (fl_gh->gh_state == state)
			goto out;
		flock_lock_file_wait(file,
				     &(struct file_lock){.fl_type = F_UNLCK});
		gfs2_glock_dq(fl_gh);
		gfs2_holder_reinit(state, flags, fl_gh);
	} else {
		error = gfs2_glock_get(GFS2_SB(&ip->i_inode), ip->i_no_addr,
				       &gfs2_flock_glops, CREATE, &gl);
		if (error)
			goto out;
		gfs2_holder_init(gl, state, flags, fl_gh);
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
	}
	error = gfs2_glock_nq(fl_gh);
	if (error) {
		gfs2_holder_uninit(fl_gh);
		if (error == GLR_TRYFAILED)
			error = -EAGAIN;
	} else {
		error = flock_lock_file_wait(file, fl);
		gfs2_assert_warn(GFS2_SB(&ip->i_inode), !error);
	}

out:
	mutex_unlock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);
	return error;
}

static void do_unflock(struct file *file, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	struct gfs2_file *fp = file->private_data;
	struct gfs2_holder *fl_gh = &fp->f_fl_gh;

	mutex_lock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);
	flock_lock_file_wait(file, fl);
	if (fl_gh->gh_gl) {
		gfs2_glock_dq_wait(fl_gh);
		gfs2_holder_uninit(fl_gh);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);
}

/**
 * gfs2_flock - acquire/release a flock lock on a file
 * @file: the file pointer
 * @cmd: either modify or retrieve lock state, possibly wait
 * @fl: type and range of lock
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_flock(struct file *file, int cmd, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	if (!(fl->fl_flags & FL_FLOCK))
		return -ENOLCK;
	if (fl->fl_type & LOCK_MAND)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	if (fl->fl_type == F_UNLCK) {
		do_unflock(file, fl);
		return 0;
	} else {
		return do_flock(file, cmd, fl);
	}
}

const struct file_operations gfs2_file_fops = {
	.llseek		= gfs2_llseek,
	.read		= new_sync_read,
	.read_iter	= generic_file_read_iter,
	.write		= new_sync_write,
	.write_iter	= gfs2_file_write_iter,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.mmap		= gfs2_mmap,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.lock		= gfs2_lock,
	.flock		= gfs2_flock,
	.splice_read	= generic_file_splice_read,
	.splice_write	= iter_file_splice_write,
	.setlease	= gfs2_setlease,
	.fallocate	= gfs2_fallocate,
};

const struct file_operations gfs2_dir_fops = {
	.iterate	= gfs2_readdir,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.lock		= gfs2_lock,
	.flock		= gfs2_flock,
	.llseek		= default_llseek,
};

#endif /* CONFIG_GFS2_FS_LOCKING_DLM */

const struct file_operations gfs2_file_fops_nolock = {
	.llseek		= gfs2_llseek,
	.read		= new_sync_read,
	.read_iter	= generic_file_read_iter,
	.write		= new_sync_write,
	.write_iter	= gfs2_file_write_iter,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.mmap		= gfs2_mmap,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.splice_read	= generic_file_splice_read,
	.splice_write	= iter_file_splice_write,
	.setlease	= generic_setlease,
	.fallocate	= gfs2_fallocate,
};

const struct file_operations gfs2_dir_fops_nolock = {
	.iterate	= gfs2_readdir,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.llseek		= default_llseek,
};