File: blk-mq-tag.c

package info (click to toggle)
linux 3.16.7-ckt9-2
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: jessie, jessie-kfreebsd
  • size: 740,624 kB
  • ctags: 2,385,278
  • sloc: ansic: 12,217,941; asm: 277,354; perl: 53,978; xml: 47,771; makefile: 30,485; sh: 8,063; python: 6,597; cpp: 5,127; yacc: 4,254; lex: 2,215; awk: 741; pascal: 231; lisp: 218; sed: 30
file content (620 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 14,039 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (5)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
/*
 * Fast and scalable bitmap tagging variant. Uses sparser bitmaps spread
 * over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong between multiple submitters
 * or submitter and completer. Uses rolling wakeups to avoid falling of
 * the scaling cliff when we run out of tags and have to start putting
 * submitters to sleep.
 *
 * Uses active queue tracking to support fairer distribution of tags
 * between multiple submitters when a shared tag map is used.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe
 */
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/random.h>

#include <linux/blk-mq.h>
#include "blk.h"
#include "blk-mq.h"
#include "blk-mq-tag.h"

static bool bt_has_free_tags(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < bt->map_nr; i++) {
		struct blk_align_bitmap *bm = &bt->map[i];
		int ret;

		ret = find_first_zero_bit(&bm->word, bm->depth);
		if (ret < bm->depth)
			return true;
	}

	return false;
}

bool blk_mq_has_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags)
{
	if (!tags)
		return true;

	return bt_has_free_tags(&tags->bitmap_tags);
}

static inline int bt_index_inc(int index)
{
	return (index + 1) & (BT_WAIT_QUEUES - 1);
}

static inline void bt_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index)
{
	int old = atomic_read(index);
	int new = bt_index_inc(old);
	atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new);
}

/*
 * If a previously inactive queue goes active, bump the active user count.
 */
bool __blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
{
	if (!test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE, &hctx->state) &&
	    !test_and_set_bit(BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE, &hctx->state))
		atomic_inc(&hctx->tags->active_queues);

	return true;
}

/*
 * Wakeup all potentially sleeping on normal (non-reserved) tags
 */
static void blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(struct blk_mq_tags *tags)
{
	struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt;
	int i, wake_index;

	bt = &tags->bitmap_tags;
	wake_index = atomic_read(&bt->wake_index);
	for (i = 0; i < BT_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) {
		struct bt_wait_state *bs = &bt->bs[wake_index];

		if (waitqueue_active(&bs->wait))
			wake_up(&bs->wait);

		wake_index = bt_index_inc(wake_index);
	}
}

/*
 * If a previously busy queue goes inactive, potential waiters could now
 * be allowed to queue. Wake them up and check.
 */
void __blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
{
	struct blk_mq_tags *tags = hctx->tags;

	if (!test_and_clear_bit(BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE, &hctx->state))
		return;

	atomic_dec(&tags->active_queues);

	blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(tags);
}

/*
 * For shared tag users, we track the number of currently active users
 * and attempt to provide a fair share of the tag depth for each of them.
 */
static inline bool hctx_may_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
				  struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt)
{
	unsigned int depth, users;

	if (!hctx || !(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_SHARED))
		return true;
	if (!test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE, &hctx->state))
		return true;

	/*
	 * Don't try dividing an ant
	 */
	if (bt->depth == 1)
		return true;

	users = atomic_read(&hctx->tags->active_queues);
	if (!users)
		return true;

	/*
	 * Allow at least some tags
	 */
	depth = max((bt->depth + users - 1) / users, 4U);
	return atomic_read(&hctx->nr_active) < depth;
}

static int __bt_get_word(struct blk_align_bitmap *bm, unsigned int last_tag)
{
	int tag, org_last_tag, end;
	bool wrap = last_tag != 0;

	org_last_tag = last_tag;
	end = bm->depth;
	do {
restart:
		tag = find_next_zero_bit(&bm->word, end, last_tag);
		if (unlikely(tag >= end)) {
			/*
			 * We started with an offset, start from 0 to
			 * exhaust the map.
			 */
			if (wrap) {
				wrap = false;
				end = org_last_tag;
				last_tag = 0;
				goto restart;
			}
			return -1;
		}
		last_tag = tag + 1;
	} while (test_and_set_bit(tag, &bm->word));

	return tag;
}

/*
 * Straight forward bitmap tag implementation, where each bit is a tag
 * (cleared == free, and set == busy). The small twist is using per-cpu
 * last_tag caches, which blk-mq stores in the blk_mq_ctx software queue
 * contexts. This enables us to drastically limit the space searched,
 * without dirtying an extra shared cacheline like we would if we stored
 * the cache value inside the shared blk_mq_bitmap_tags structure. On top
 * of that, each word of tags is in a separate cacheline. This means that
 * multiple users will tend to stick to different cachelines, at least
 * until the map is exhausted.
 */
static int __bt_get(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt,
		    unsigned int *tag_cache)
{
	unsigned int last_tag, org_last_tag;
	int index, i, tag;

	if (!hctx_may_queue(hctx, bt))
		return -1;

	last_tag = org_last_tag = *tag_cache;
	index = TAG_TO_INDEX(bt, last_tag);

	for (i = 0; i < bt->map_nr; i++) {
		tag = __bt_get_word(&bt->map[index], TAG_TO_BIT(bt, last_tag));
		if (tag != -1) {
			tag += (index << bt->bits_per_word);
			goto done;
		}

		last_tag = 0;
		if (++index >= bt->map_nr)
			index = 0;
	}

	*tag_cache = 0;
	return -1;

	/*
	 * Only update the cache from the allocation path, if we ended
	 * up using the specific cached tag.
	 */
done:
	if (tag == org_last_tag) {
		last_tag = tag + 1;
		if (last_tag >= bt->depth - 1)
			last_tag = 0;

		*tag_cache = last_tag;
	}

	return tag;
}

static struct bt_wait_state *bt_wait_ptr(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt,
					 struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
{
	struct bt_wait_state *bs;
	int wait_index;

	if (!hctx)
		return &bt->bs[0];

	wait_index = atomic_read(&hctx->wait_index);
	bs = &bt->bs[wait_index];
	bt_index_atomic_inc(&hctx->wait_index);
	return bs;
}

static int bt_get(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data,
		struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt,
		struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
		unsigned int *last_tag)
{
	struct bt_wait_state *bs;
	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
	int tag;

	tag = __bt_get(hctx, bt, last_tag);
	if (tag != -1)
		return tag;

	if (!(data->gfp & __GFP_WAIT))
		return -1;

	bs = bt_wait_ptr(bt, hctx);
	do {
		prepare_to_wait(&bs->wait, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);

		tag = __bt_get(hctx, bt, last_tag);
		if (tag != -1)
			break;

		blk_mq_put_ctx(data->ctx);

		io_schedule();

		data->ctx = blk_mq_get_ctx(data->q);
		data->hctx = data->q->mq_ops->map_queue(data->q,
				data->ctx->cpu);
		if (data->reserved) {
			bt = &data->hctx->tags->breserved_tags;
		} else {
			last_tag = &data->ctx->last_tag;
			hctx = data->hctx;
			bt = &hctx->tags->bitmap_tags;
		}
		finish_wait(&bs->wait, &wait);
		bs = bt_wait_ptr(bt, hctx);
	} while (1);

	finish_wait(&bs->wait, &wait);
	return tag;
}

static unsigned int __blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data)
{
	int tag;

	tag = bt_get(data, &data->hctx->tags->bitmap_tags, data->hctx,
			&data->ctx->last_tag);
	if (tag >= 0)
		return tag + data->hctx->tags->nr_reserved_tags;

	return BLK_MQ_TAG_FAIL;
}

static unsigned int __blk_mq_get_reserved_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data)
{
	int tag, zero = 0;

	if (unlikely(!data->hctx->tags->nr_reserved_tags)) {
		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
		return BLK_MQ_TAG_FAIL;
	}

	tag = bt_get(data, &data->hctx->tags->breserved_tags, NULL, &zero);
	if (tag < 0)
		return BLK_MQ_TAG_FAIL;

	return tag;
}

unsigned int blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data)
{
	if (!data->reserved)
		return __blk_mq_get_tag(data);

	return __blk_mq_get_reserved_tag(data);
}

static struct bt_wait_state *bt_wake_ptr(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt)
{
	int i, wake_index;

	wake_index = atomic_read(&bt->wake_index);
	for (i = 0; i < BT_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) {
		struct bt_wait_state *bs = &bt->bs[wake_index];

		if (waitqueue_active(&bs->wait)) {
			int o = atomic_read(&bt->wake_index);
			if (wake_index != o)
				atomic_cmpxchg(&bt->wake_index, o, wake_index);

			return bs;
		}

		wake_index = bt_index_inc(wake_index);
	}

	return NULL;
}

static void bt_clear_tag(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt, unsigned int tag)
{
	const int index = TAG_TO_INDEX(bt, tag);
	struct bt_wait_state *bs;
	int wait_cnt;

	clear_bit(TAG_TO_BIT(bt, tag), &bt->map[index].word);

	/* Ensure that the wait list checks occur after clear_bit(). */
	smp_mb();

	bs = bt_wake_ptr(bt);
	if (!bs)
		return;

	wait_cnt = atomic_dec_return(&bs->wait_cnt);
	if (wait_cnt == 0) {
wake:
		atomic_add(bt->wake_cnt, &bs->wait_cnt);
		bt_index_atomic_inc(&bt->wake_index);
		wake_up(&bs->wait);
	} else if (wait_cnt < 0) {
		wait_cnt = atomic_inc_return(&bs->wait_cnt);
		if (!wait_cnt)
			goto wake;
	}
}

static void __blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag)
{
	BUG_ON(tag >= tags->nr_tags);

	bt_clear_tag(&tags->bitmap_tags, tag);
}

static void __blk_mq_put_reserved_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags,
				      unsigned int tag)
{
	BUG_ON(tag >= tags->nr_reserved_tags);

	bt_clear_tag(&tags->breserved_tags, tag);
}

void blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, unsigned int tag,
		    unsigned int *last_tag)
{
	struct blk_mq_tags *tags = hctx->tags;

	if (tag >= tags->nr_reserved_tags) {
		const int real_tag = tag - tags->nr_reserved_tags;

		__blk_mq_put_tag(tags, real_tag);
		*last_tag = real_tag;
	} else
		__blk_mq_put_reserved_tag(tags, tag);
}

static void bt_for_each_free(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt,
			     unsigned long *free_map, unsigned int off)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < bt->map_nr; i++) {
		struct blk_align_bitmap *bm = &bt->map[i];
		int bit = 0;

		do {
			bit = find_next_zero_bit(&bm->word, bm->depth, bit);
			if (bit >= bm->depth)
				break;

			__set_bit(bit + off, free_map);
			bit++;
		} while (1);

		off += (1 << bt->bits_per_word);
	}
}

void blk_mq_tag_busy_iter(struct blk_mq_tags *tags,
			  void (*fn)(void *, unsigned long *), void *data)
{
	unsigned long *tag_map;
	size_t map_size;

	map_size = ALIGN(tags->nr_tags, BITS_PER_LONG) / BITS_PER_LONG;
	tag_map = kzalloc(map_size * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!tag_map)
		return;

	bt_for_each_free(&tags->bitmap_tags, tag_map, tags->nr_reserved_tags);
	if (tags->nr_reserved_tags)
		bt_for_each_free(&tags->breserved_tags, tag_map, 0);

	fn(data, tag_map);
	kfree(tag_map);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_mq_tag_busy_iter);

static unsigned int bt_unused_tags(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt)
{
	unsigned int i, used;

	for (i = 0, used = 0; i < bt->map_nr; i++) {
		struct blk_align_bitmap *bm = &bt->map[i];

		used += bitmap_weight(&bm->word, bm->depth);
	}

	return bt->depth - used;
}

static void bt_update_count(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt,
			    unsigned int depth)
{
	unsigned int tags_per_word = 1U << bt->bits_per_word;
	unsigned int map_depth = depth;

	if (depth) {
		int i;

		for (i = 0; i < bt->map_nr; i++) {
			bt->map[i].depth = min(map_depth, tags_per_word);
			map_depth -= bt->map[i].depth;
		}
	}

	bt->wake_cnt = BT_WAIT_BATCH;
	if (bt->wake_cnt > depth / BT_WAIT_QUEUES)
		bt->wake_cnt = max(1U, depth / BT_WAIT_QUEUES);

	bt->depth = depth;
}

static int bt_alloc(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt, unsigned int depth,
			int node, bool reserved)
{
	int i;

	bt->bits_per_word = ilog2(BITS_PER_LONG);

	/*
	 * Depth can be zero for reserved tags, that's not a failure
	 * condition.
	 */
	if (depth) {
		unsigned int nr, tags_per_word;

		tags_per_word = (1 << bt->bits_per_word);

		/*
		 * If the tag space is small, shrink the number of tags
		 * per word so we spread over a few cachelines, at least.
		 * If less than 4 tags, just forget about it, it's not
		 * going to work optimally anyway.
		 */
		if (depth >= 4) {
			while (tags_per_word * 4 > depth) {
				bt->bits_per_word--;
				tags_per_word = (1 << bt->bits_per_word);
			}
		}

		nr = ALIGN(depth, tags_per_word) / tags_per_word;
		bt->map = kzalloc_node(nr * sizeof(struct blk_align_bitmap),
						GFP_KERNEL, node);
		if (!bt->map)
			return -ENOMEM;

		bt->map_nr = nr;
	}

	bt->bs = kzalloc(BT_WAIT_QUEUES * sizeof(*bt->bs), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!bt->bs) {
		kfree(bt->map);
		bt->map = NULL;
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	bt_update_count(bt, depth);

	for (i = 0; i < BT_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) {
		init_waitqueue_head(&bt->bs[i].wait);
		atomic_set(&bt->bs[i].wait_cnt, bt->wake_cnt);
	}

	return 0;
}

static void bt_free(struct blk_mq_bitmap_tags *bt)
{
	kfree(bt->map);
	kfree(bt->bs);
}

static struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_bitmap_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags,
						   int node)
{
	unsigned int depth = tags->nr_tags - tags->nr_reserved_tags;

	if (bt_alloc(&tags->bitmap_tags, depth, node, false))
		goto enomem;
	if (bt_alloc(&tags->breserved_tags, tags->nr_reserved_tags, node, true))
		goto enomem;

	return tags;
enomem:
	bt_free(&tags->bitmap_tags);
	kfree(tags);
	return NULL;
}

struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_tags(unsigned int total_tags,
				     unsigned int reserved_tags, int node)
{
	struct blk_mq_tags *tags;

	if (total_tags > BLK_MQ_TAG_MAX) {
		pr_err("blk-mq: tag depth too large\n");
		return NULL;
	}

	tags = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*tags), GFP_KERNEL, node);
	if (!tags)
		return NULL;

	tags->nr_tags = total_tags;
	tags->nr_reserved_tags = reserved_tags;

	return blk_mq_init_bitmap_tags(tags, node);
}

void blk_mq_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags)
{
	bt_free(&tags->bitmap_tags);
	bt_free(&tags->breserved_tags);
	kfree(tags);
}

void blk_mq_tag_init_last_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int *tag)
{
	unsigned int depth = tags->nr_tags - tags->nr_reserved_tags;

	*tag = prandom_u32() % depth;
}

int blk_mq_tag_update_depth(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tdepth)
{
	tdepth -= tags->nr_reserved_tags;
	if (tdepth > tags->nr_tags)
		return -EINVAL;

	/*
	 * Don't need (or can't) update reserved tags here, they remain
	 * static and should never need resizing.
	 */
	bt_update_count(&tags->bitmap_tags, tdepth);
	blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(tags);
	return 0;
}

ssize_t blk_mq_tag_sysfs_show(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, char *page)
{
	char *orig_page = page;
	unsigned int free, res;

	if (!tags)
		return 0;

	page += sprintf(page, "nr_tags=%u, reserved_tags=%u, "
			"bits_per_word=%u\n",
			tags->nr_tags, tags->nr_reserved_tags,
			tags->bitmap_tags.bits_per_word);

	free = bt_unused_tags(&tags->bitmap_tags);
	res = bt_unused_tags(&tags->breserved_tags);

	page += sprintf(page, "nr_free=%u, nr_reserved=%u\n", free, res);
	page += sprintf(page, "active_queues=%u\n", atomic_read(&tags->active_queues));

	return page - orig_page;
}