File: gpio-max3191x.c

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/*
 * gpio-max3191x.c - GPIO driver for Maxim MAX3191x industrial serializer
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2017 KUNBUS GmbH
 *
 * The MAX3191x makes 8 digital 24V inputs available via SPI.
 * Multiple chips can be daisy-chained, the spec does not impose
 * a limit on the number of chips and neither does this driver.
 *
 * Either of two modes is selectable: In 8-bit mode, only the state
 * of the inputs is clocked out to achieve high readout speeds;
 * In 16-bit mode, an additional status byte is clocked out with
 * a CRC and indicator bits for undervoltage and overtemperature.
 * The driver returns an error instead of potentially bogus data
 * if any of these fault conditions occur.  However it does allow
 * readout of non-faulting chips in the same daisy-chain.
 *
 * MAX3191x supports four debounce settings and the driver is
 * capable of configuring these differently for each chip in the
 * daisy-chain.
 *
 * If the chips are hardwired to 8-bit mode ("modesel" pulled high),
 * gpio-pisosr.c can be used alternatively to this driver.
 *
 * https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31910.pdf
 * https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31911.pdf
 * https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31912.pdf
 * https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31913.pdf
 * https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31953-MAX31963.pdf
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2) as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

#include <linux/bitmap.h>
#include <linux/crc8.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>

enum max3191x_mode {
	STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED,
	STATUS_BYTE_DISABLED,
};

/**
 * struct max3191x_chip - max3191x daisy-chain
 * @gpio: GPIO controller struct
 * @lock: protects read sequences
 * @nchips: number of chips in the daisy-chain
 * @mode: current mode, 0 for 16-bit, 1 for 8-bit;
 *	for simplicity, all chips in the daisy-chain are assumed
 *	to use the same mode
 * @modesel_pins: GPIO pins to configure modesel of each chip
 * @fault_pins: GPIO pins to detect fault of each chip
 * @db0_pins: GPIO pins to configure debounce of each chip
 * @db1_pins: GPIO pins to configure debounce of each chip
 * @mesg: SPI message to perform a readout
 * @xfer: SPI transfer used by @mesg
 * @crc_error: bitmap signaling CRC error for each chip
 * @overtemp: bitmap signaling overtemperature alarm for each chip
 * @undervolt1: bitmap signaling undervoltage alarm for each chip
 * @undervolt2: bitmap signaling undervoltage warning for each chip
 * @fault: bitmap signaling assertion of @fault_pins for each chip
 * @ignore_uv: whether to ignore undervoltage alarms;
 *	set by a device property if the chips are powered through
 *	5VOUT instead of VCC24V, in which case they will constantly
 *	signal undervoltage;
 *	for simplicity, all chips in the daisy-chain are assumed
 *	to be powered the same way
 */
struct max3191x_chip {
	struct gpio_chip gpio;
	struct mutex lock;
	u32 nchips;
	enum max3191x_mode mode;
	struct gpio_descs *modesel_pins;
	struct gpio_descs *fault_pins;
	struct gpio_descs *db0_pins;
	struct gpio_descs *db1_pins;
	struct spi_message mesg;
	struct spi_transfer xfer;
	unsigned long *crc_error;
	unsigned long *overtemp;
	unsigned long *undervolt1;
	unsigned long *undervolt2;
	unsigned long *fault;
	bool ignore_uv;
};

#define MAX3191X_NGPIO 8
#define MAX3191X_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL 0xa8 /* (x^5) + x^4 + x^2 + x^0 */

DECLARE_CRC8_TABLE(max3191x_crc8);

static int max3191x_get_direction(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset)
{
	return 1; /* always in */
}

static int max3191x_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset)
{
	return 0;
}

static int max3191x_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gpio,
				     unsigned int offset, int value)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}

static void max3191x_set(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset, int value)
{ }

static void max3191x_set_multiple(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned long *mask,
				  unsigned long *bits)
{ }

static unsigned int max3191x_wordlen(struct max3191x_chip *max3191x)
{
	return max3191x->mode == STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED ? 2 : 1;
}

static int max3191x_readout_locked(struct max3191x_chip *max3191x)
{
	struct device *dev = max3191x->gpio.parent;
	struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
	int val, i, ot = 0, uv1 = 0;

	val = spi_sync(spi, &max3191x->mesg);
	if (val) {
		dev_err_ratelimited(dev, "SPI receive error %d\n", val);
		return val;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < max3191x->nchips; i++) {
		if (max3191x->mode == STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED) {
			u8 in	  = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[i * 2];
			u8 status = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[i * 2 + 1];

			val = (status & 0xf8) != crc8(max3191x_crc8, &in, 1, 0);
			__assign_bit(i, max3191x->crc_error, val);
			if (val)
				dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
					"chip %d: CRC error\n", i);

			ot  = (status >> 1) & 1;
			__assign_bit(i, max3191x->overtemp, ot);
			if (ot)
				dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
					"chip %d: overtemperature\n", i);

			if (!max3191x->ignore_uv) {
				uv1 = !((status >> 2) & 1);
				__assign_bit(i, max3191x->undervolt1, uv1);
				if (uv1)
					dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
						"chip %d: undervoltage\n", i);

				val = !(status & 1);
				__assign_bit(i, max3191x->undervolt2, val);
				if (val && !uv1)
					dev_warn_ratelimited(dev,
						"chip %d: voltage warn\n", i);
			}
		}

		if (max3191x->fault_pins && !max3191x->ignore_uv) {
			/* fault pin shared by all chips or per chip */
			struct gpio_desc *fault_pin =
				(max3191x->fault_pins->ndescs == 1)
					? max3191x->fault_pins->desc[0]
					: max3191x->fault_pins->desc[i];

			val = gpiod_get_value_cansleep(fault_pin);
			if (val < 0) {
				dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
					"GPIO read error %d\n", val);
				return val;
			}
			__assign_bit(i, max3191x->fault, val);
			if (val && !uv1 && !ot)
				dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
					"chip %d: fault\n", i);
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static bool max3191x_chip_is_faulting(struct max3191x_chip *max3191x,
				      unsigned int chipnum)
{
	/* without status byte the only diagnostic is the fault pin */
	if (!max3191x->ignore_uv && test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->fault))
		return true;

	if (max3191x->mode == STATUS_BYTE_DISABLED)
		return false;

	return test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->crc_error) ||
	       test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->overtemp)  ||
	       (!max3191x->ignore_uv &&
		test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->undervolt1));
}

static int max3191x_get(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset)
{
	struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = gpiochip_get_data(gpio);
	int ret, chipnum, wordlen = max3191x_wordlen(max3191x);
	u8 in;

	mutex_lock(&max3191x->lock);
	ret = max3191x_readout_locked(max3191x);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;

	chipnum = offset / MAX3191X_NGPIO;
	if (max3191x_chip_is_faulting(max3191x, chipnum)) {
		ret = -EIO;
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	in = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[chipnum * wordlen];
	ret = (in >> (offset % MAX3191X_NGPIO)) & 1;

out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&max3191x->lock);
	return ret;
}

static int max3191x_get_multiple(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned long *mask,
				 unsigned long *bits)
{
	struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = gpiochip_get_data(gpio);
	int ret, bit = 0, wordlen = max3191x_wordlen(max3191x);

	mutex_lock(&max3191x->lock);
	ret = max3191x_readout_locked(max3191x);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;

	while ((bit = find_next_bit(mask, gpio->ngpio, bit)) != gpio->ngpio) {
		unsigned int chipnum = bit / MAX3191X_NGPIO;
		unsigned long in, shift, index;

		if (max3191x_chip_is_faulting(max3191x, chipnum)) {
			ret = -EIO;
			goto out_unlock;
		}

		in = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[chipnum * wordlen];
		shift = round_down(bit % BITS_PER_LONG, MAX3191X_NGPIO);
		index = bit / BITS_PER_LONG;
		bits[index] &= ~(mask[index] & (0xff << shift));
		bits[index] |= mask[index] & (in << shift); /* copy bits */

		bit = (chipnum + 1) * MAX3191X_NGPIO; /* go to next chip */
	}

out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&max3191x->lock);
	return ret;
}

static int max3191x_set_config(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset,
			       unsigned long config)
{
	struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = gpiochip_get_data(gpio);
	u32 debounce, chipnum, db0_val, db1_val;

	if (pinconf_to_config_param(config) != PIN_CONFIG_INPUT_DEBOUNCE)
		return -ENOTSUPP;

	if (!max3191x->db0_pins || !max3191x->db1_pins)
		return -EINVAL;

	debounce = pinconf_to_config_argument(config);
	switch (debounce) {
	case 0:
		db0_val = 0;
		db1_val = 0;
		break;
	case 1 ... 25:
		db0_val = 0;
		db1_val = 1;
		break;
	case 26 ... 750:
		db0_val = 1;
		db1_val = 0;
		break;
	case 751 ... 3000:
		db0_val = 1;
		db1_val = 1;
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (max3191x->db0_pins->ndescs == 1)
		chipnum = 0; /* all chips use the same pair of debounce pins */
	else
		chipnum = offset / MAX3191X_NGPIO; /* per chip debounce pins */

	mutex_lock(&max3191x->lock);
	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(max3191x->db0_pins->desc[chipnum], db0_val);
	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(max3191x->db1_pins->desc[chipnum], db1_val);
	mutex_unlock(&max3191x->lock);
	return 0;
}

static void gpiod_set_array_single_value_cansleep(unsigned int ndescs,
						  struct gpio_desc **desc,
						  int value)
{
	int i, *values;

	values = kmalloc_array(ndescs, sizeof(*values), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!values)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < ndescs; i++)
		values[i] = value;

	gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep(ndescs, desc, values);
	kfree(values);
}

static struct gpio_descs *devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(
				struct device *dev, const char *con_id,
				enum gpiod_flags flags, unsigned int expected)
{
	struct gpio_descs *descs;
	int found = gpiod_count(dev, con_id);

	if (found == -ENOENT)
		return NULL;

	if (found != expected && found != 1) {
		dev_err(dev, "ignoring %s-gpios: found %d, expected %u or 1\n",
			con_id, found, expected);
		return NULL;
	}

	descs = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional(dev, con_id, flags);

	if (IS_ERR(descs)) {
		dev_err(dev, "failed to get %s-gpios: %ld\n",
			con_id, PTR_ERR(descs));
		return NULL;
	}

	return descs;
}

static int max3191x_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
{
	struct device *dev = &spi->dev;
	struct max3191x_chip *max3191x;
	int n, ret;

	max3191x = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*max3191x), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!max3191x)
		return -ENOMEM;
	spi_set_drvdata(spi, max3191x);

	max3191x->nchips = 1;
	device_property_read_u32(dev, "#daisy-chained-devices",
				 &max3191x->nchips);

	n = BITS_TO_LONGS(max3191x->nchips);
	max3191x->crc_error   = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	max3191x->undervolt1  = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	max3191x->undervolt2  = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	max3191x->overtemp    = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	max3191x->fault       = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	max3191x->xfer.rx_buf = devm_kcalloc(dev, max3191x->nchips,
								2, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!max3191x->crc_error || !max3191x->undervolt1 ||
	    !max3191x->overtemp  || !max3191x->undervolt2 ||
	    !max3191x->fault     || !max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	max3191x->modesel_pins = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
				 "maxim,modesel", GPIOD_ASIS, max3191x->nchips);
	max3191x->fault_pins   = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
				 "maxim,fault", GPIOD_IN, max3191x->nchips);
	max3191x->db0_pins     = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
				 "maxim,db0", GPIOD_OUT_LOW, max3191x->nchips);
	max3191x->db1_pins     = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
				 "maxim,db1", GPIOD_OUT_LOW, max3191x->nchips);

	max3191x->mode = device_property_read_bool(dev, "maxim,modesel-8bit")
				 ? STATUS_BYTE_DISABLED : STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED;
	if (max3191x->modesel_pins)
		gpiod_set_array_single_value_cansleep(
				 max3191x->modesel_pins->ndescs,
				 max3191x->modesel_pins->desc, max3191x->mode);

	max3191x->ignore_uv = device_property_read_bool(dev,
						  "maxim,ignore-undervoltage");

	if (max3191x->db0_pins && max3191x->db1_pins &&
	    max3191x->db0_pins->ndescs != max3191x->db1_pins->ndescs) {
		dev_err(dev, "ignoring maxim,db*-gpios: array len mismatch\n");
		devm_gpiod_put_array(dev, max3191x->db0_pins);
		devm_gpiod_put_array(dev, max3191x->db1_pins);
		max3191x->db0_pins = NULL;
		max3191x->db1_pins = NULL;
	}

	max3191x->xfer.len = max3191x->nchips * max3191x_wordlen(max3191x);
	spi_message_init_with_transfers(&max3191x->mesg, &max3191x->xfer, 1);

	max3191x->gpio.label = spi->modalias;
	max3191x->gpio.owner = THIS_MODULE;
	max3191x->gpio.parent = dev;
	max3191x->gpio.base = -1;
	max3191x->gpio.ngpio = max3191x->nchips * MAX3191X_NGPIO;
	max3191x->gpio.can_sleep = true;

	max3191x->gpio.get_direction = max3191x_get_direction;
	max3191x->gpio.direction_input = max3191x_direction_input;
	max3191x->gpio.direction_output = max3191x_direction_output;
	max3191x->gpio.set = max3191x_set;
	max3191x->gpio.set_multiple = max3191x_set_multiple;
	max3191x->gpio.get = max3191x_get;
	max3191x->gpio.get_multiple = max3191x_get_multiple;
	max3191x->gpio.set_config = max3191x_set_config;

	mutex_init(&max3191x->lock);

	ret = gpiochip_add_data(&max3191x->gpio, max3191x);
	if (ret) {
		mutex_destroy(&max3191x->lock);
		return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int max3191x_remove(struct spi_device *spi)
{
	struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = spi_get_drvdata(spi);

	gpiochip_remove(&max3191x->gpio);
	mutex_destroy(&max3191x->lock);

	return 0;
}

static int __init max3191x_register_driver(struct spi_driver *sdrv)
{
	crc8_populate_msb(max3191x_crc8, MAX3191X_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL);
	return spi_register_driver(sdrv);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_OF
static const struct of_device_id max3191x_of_id[] = {
	{ .compatible = "maxim,max31910" },
	{ .compatible = "maxim,max31911" },
	{ .compatible = "maxim,max31912" },
	{ .compatible = "maxim,max31913" },
	{ .compatible = "maxim,max31953" },
	{ .compatible = "maxim,max31963" },
	{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, max3191x_of_id);
#endif

static const struct spi_device_id max3191x_spi_id[] = {
	{ "max31910" },
	{ "max31911" },
	{ "max31912" },
	{ "max31913" },
	{ "max31953" },
	{ "max31963" },
	{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, max3191x_spi_id);

static struct spi_driver max3191x_driver = {
	.driver = {
		.name		= "max3191x",
		.of_match_table	= of_match_ptr(max3191x_of_id),
	},
	.probe	  = max3191x_probe,
	.remove	  = max3191x_remove,
	.id_table = max3191x_spi_id,
};
module_driver(max3191x_driver, max3191x_register_driver, spi_unregister_driver);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO driver for Maxim MAX3191x industrial serializer");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");