File: nlmon.c

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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <net/rtnetlink.h>

struct pcpu_lstats {
	u64 packets;
	u64 bytes;
	struct u64_stats_sync syncp;
};

static netdev_tx_t nlmon_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
	int len = skb->len;
	struct pcpu_lstats *stats = this_cpu_ptr(dev->lstats);

	u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
	stats->bytes += len;
	stats->packets++;
	u64_stats_update_end(&stats->syncp);

	dev_kfree_skb(skb);

	return NETDEV_TX_OK;
}

static int nlmon_dev_init(struct net_device *dev)
{
	dev->lstats = netdev_alloc_pcpu_stats(struct pcpu_lstats);
	return dev->lstats == NULL ? -ENOMEM : 0;
}

static void nlmon_dev_uninit(struct net_device *dev)
{
	free_percpu(dev->lstats);
}

struct nlmon {
	struct netlink_tap nt;
};

static int nlmon_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct nlmon *nlmon = netdev_priv(dev);

	nlmon->nt.dev = dev;
	nlmon->nt.module = THIS_MODULE;
	return netlink_add_tap(&nlmon->nt);
}

static int nlmon_close(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct nlmon *nlmon = netdev_priv(dev);

	return netlink_remove_tap(&nlmon->nt);
}

static void
nlmon_get_stats64(struct net_device *dev, struct rtnl_link_stats64 *stats)
{
	int i;
	u64 bytes = 0, packets = 0;

	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
		const struct pcpu_lstats *nl_stats;
		u64 tbytes, tpackets;
		unsigned int start;

		nl_stats = per_cpu_ptr(dev->lstats, i);

		do {
			start = u64_stats_fetch_begin_irq(&nl_stats->syncp);
			tbytes = nl_stats->bytes;
			tpackets = nl_stats->packets;
		} while (u64_stats_fetch_retry_irq(&nl_stats->syncp, start));

		packets += tpackets;
		bytes += tbytes;
	}

	stats->rx_packets = packets;
	stats->tx_packets = 0;

	stats->rx_bytes = bytes;
	stats->tx_bytes = 0;
}

static u32 always_on(struct net_device *dev)
{
	return 1;
}

static const struct ethtool_ops nlmon_ethtool_ops = {
	.get_link = always_on,
};

static const struct net_device_ops nlmon_ops = {
	.ndo_init = nlmon_dev_init,
	.ndo_uninit = nlmon_dev_uninit,
	.ndo_open = nlmon_open,
	.ndo_stop = nlmon_close,
	.ndo_start_xmit = nlmon_xmit,
	.ndo_get_stats64 = nlmon_get_stats64,
};

static void nlmon_setup(struct net_device *dev)
{
	dev->type = ARPHRD_NETLINK;
	dev->priv_flags |= IFF_NO_QUEUE;

	dev->netdev_ops	= &nlmon_ops;
	dev->ethtool_ops = &nlmon_ethtool_ops;
	dev->needs_free_netdev = true;

	dev->features = NETIF_F_SG | NETIF_F_FRAGLIST |
			NETIF_F_HIGHDMA | NETIF_F_LLTX;
	dev->flags = IFF_NOARP;

	/* That's rather a softlimit here, which, of course,
	 * can be altered. Not a real MTU, but what is to be
	 * expected in most cases.
	 */
	dev->mtu = NLMSG_GOODSIZE;
	dev->min_mtu = sizeof(struct nlmsghdr);
}

static int nlmon_validate(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[],
			  struct netlink_ext_ack *extack)
{
	if (tb[IFLA_ADDRESS])
		return -EINVAL;
	return 0;
}

static struct rtnl_link_ops nlmon_link_ops __read_mostly = {
	.kind			= "nlmon",
	.priv_size		= sizeof(struct nlmon),
	.setup			= nlmon_setup,
	.validate		= nlmon_validate,
};

static __init int nlmon_register(void)
{
	return rtnl_link_register(&nlmon_link_ops);
}

static __exit void nlmon_unregister(void)
{
	rtnl_link_unregister(&nlmon_link_ops);
}

module_init(nlmon_register);
module_exit(nlmon_unregister);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com>");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Mathieu Geli <geli@enseirb.fr>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Netlink monitoring device");
MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK("nlmon");