File: PartialDiagnostic.h

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//===--- PartialDiagnostic.h - Diagnostic "closures" ------------*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
///
/// \file
/// \brief Implements a partial diagnostic that can be emitted anwyhere
/// in a DiagnosticBuilder stream.
///
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_CLANG_BASIC_PARTIALDIAGNOSTIC_H
#define LLVM_CLANG_BASIC_PARTIALDIAGNOSTIC_H

#include "clang/Basic/Diagnostic.h"
#include "clang/Basic/SourceLocation.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
#include "llvm/Support/DataTypes.h"
#include <cassert>

namespace clang {

class PartialDiagnostic {
public:
  enum {
      // The MaxArguments and MaxFixItHints member enum values from
      // DiagnosticsEngine are private but DiagnosticsEngine declares
      // PartialDiagnostic a friend.  These enum values are redeclared
      // here so that the nested Storage class below can access them.
      MaxArguments = DiagnosticsEngine::MaxArguments
  };

  struct Storage {
    Storage() : NumDiagArgs(0) { }

    enum {
        /// \brief The maximum number of arguments we can hold. We
        /// currently only support up to 10 arguments (%0-%9).
        ///
        /// A single diagnostic with more than that almost certainly has to
        /// be simplified anyway.
        MaxArguments = PartialDiagnostic::MaxArguments
    };

    /// \brief The number of entries in Arguments.
    unsigned char NumDiagArgs;

    /// \brief Specifies for each argument whether it is in DiagArgumentsStr
    /// or in DiagArguments.
    unsigned char DiagArgumentsKind[MaxArguments];

    /// \brief The values for the various substitution positions.
    ///
    /// This is used when the argument is not an std::string. The specific value
    /// is mangled into an intptr_t and the interpretation depends on exactly
    /// what sort of argument kind it is.
    intptr_t DiagArgumentsVal[MaxArguments];

    /// \brief The values for the various substitution positions that have
    /// string arguments.
    std::string DiagArgumentsStr[MaxArguments];

    /// \brief The list of ranges added to this diagnostic.
    SmallVector<CharSourceRange, 8> DiagRanges;

    /// \brief If valid, provides a hint with some code to insert, remove, or
    /// modify at a particular position.
    SmallVector<FixItHint, 6>  FixItHints;
  };

  /// \brief An allocator for Storage objects, which uses a small cache to
  /// objects, used to reduce malloc()/free() traffic for partial diagnostics.
  class StorageAllocator {
    static const unsigned NumCached = 16;
    Storage Cached[NumCached];
    Storage *FreeList[NumCached];
    unsigned NumFreeListEntries;

  public:
    StorageAllocator();
    ~StorageAllocator();

    /// \brief Allocate new storage.
    Storage *Allocate() {
      if (NumFreeListEntries == 0)
        return new Storage;

      Storage *Result = FreeList[--NumFreeListEntries];
      Result->NumDiagArgs = 0;
      Result->DiagRanges.clear();
      Result->FixItHints.clear();
      return Result;
    }

    /// \brief Free the given storage object.
    void Deallocate(Storage *S) {
      if (S >= Cached && S <= Cached + NumCached) {
        FreeList[NumFreeListEntries++] = S;
        return;
      }

      delete S;
    }
  };

private:
  // NOTE: Sema assumes that PartialDiagnostic is location-invariant
  // in the sense that its bits can be safely memcpy'ed and destructed
  // in the new location.

  /// \brief The diagnostic ID.
  mutable unsigned DiagID;

  /// \brief Storage for args and ranges.
  mutable Storage *DiagStorage;

  /// \brief Allocator used to allocate storage for this diagnostic.
  StorageAllocator *Allocator;

  /// \brief Retrieve storage for this particular diagnostic.
  Storage *getStorage() const {
    if (DiagStorage)
      return DiagStorage;

    if (Allocator)
      DiagStorage = Allocator->Allocate();
    else {
      assert(Allocator != reinterpret_cast<StorageAllocator *>(~uintptr_t(0)));
      DiagStorage = new Storage;
    }
    return DiagStorage;
  }

  void freeStorage() {
    if (!DiagStorage)
      return;

    // The hot path for PartialDiagnostic is when we just used it to wrap an ID
    // (typically so we have the flexibility of passing a more complex
    // diagnostic into the callee, but that does not commonly occur).
    //
    // Split this out into a slow function for silly compilers (*cough*) which
    // can't do decent partial inlining.
    freeStorageSlow();
  }

  void freeStorageSlow() {
    if (Allocator)
      Allocator->Deallocate(DiagStorage);
    else if (Allocator != reinterpret_cast<StorageAllocator *>(~uintptr_t(0)))
      delete DiagStorage;
    DiagStorage = nullptr;
  }

  void AddSourceRange(const CharSourceRange &R) const {
    if (!DiagStorage)
      DiagStorage = getStorage();

    DiagStorage->DiagRanges.push_back(R);
  }

  void AddFixItHint(const FixItHint &Hint) const {
    if (Hint.isNull())
      return;

    if (!DiagStorage)
      DiagStorage = getStorage();

    DiagStorage->FixItHints.push_back(Hint);
  }

public:
  struct NullDiagnostic {};
  /// \brief Create a null partial diagnostic, which cannot carry a payload,
  /// and only exists to be swapped with a real partial diagnostic.
  PartialDiagnostic(NullDiagnostic)
    : DiagID(0), DiagStorage(nullptr), Allocator(nullptr) { }

  PartialDiagnostic(unsigned DiagID, StorageAllocator &Allocator)
    : DiagID(DiagID), DiagStorage(nullptr), Allocator(&Allocator) { }

  PartialDiagnostic(const PartialDiagnostic &Other)
    : DiagID(Other.DiagID), DiagStorage(nullptr), Allocator(Other.Allocator)
  {
    if (Other.DiagStorage) {
      DiagStorage = getStorage();
      *DiagStorage = *Other.DiagStorage;
    }
  }

  PartialDiagnostic(PartialDiagnostic &&Other)
    : DiagID(Other.DiagID), DiagStorage(Other.DiagStorage),
      Allocator(Other.Allocator) {
    Other.DiagStorage = nullptr;
  }

  PartialDiagnostic(const PartialDiagnostic &Other, Storage *DiagStorage)
    : DiagID(Other.DiagID), DiagStorage(DiagStorage),
      Allocator(reinterpret_cast<StorageAllocator *>(~uintptr_t(0)))
  {
    if (Other.DiagStorage)
      *this->DiagStorage = *Other.DiagStorage;
  }

  PartialDiagnostic(const Diagnostic &Other, StorageAllocator &Allocator)
    : DiagID(Other.getID()), DiagStorage(nullptr), Allocator(&Allocator)
  {
    // Copy arguments.
    for (unsigned I = 0, N = Other.getNumArgs(); I != N; ++I) {
      if (Other.getArgKind(I) == DiagnosticsEngine::ak_std_string)
        AddString(Other.getArgStdStr(I));
      else
        AddTaggedVal(Other.getRawArg(I), Other.getArgKind(I));
    }

    // Copy source ranges.
    for (unsigned I = 0, N = Other.getNumRanges(); I != N; ++I)
      AddSourceRange(Other.getRange(I));

    // Copy fix-its.
    for (unsigned I = 0, N = Other.getNumFixItHints(); I != N; ++I)
      AddFixItHint(Other.getFixItHint(I));
  }

  PartialDiagnostic &operator=(const PartialDiagnostic &Other) {
    DiagID = Other.DiagID;
    if (Other.DiagStorage) {
      if (!DiagStorage)
        DiagStorage = getStorage();

      *DiagStorage = *Other.DiagStorage;
    } else {
      freeStorage();
    }

    return *this;
  }

  PartialDiagnostic &operator=(PartialDiagnostic &&Other) {
    freeStorage();

    DiagID = Other.DiagID;
    DiagStorage = Other.DiagStorage;
    Allocator = Other.Allocator;

    Other.DiagStorage = nullptr;
    return *this;
  }

  ~PartialDiagnostic() {
    freeStorage();
  }

  void swap(PartialDiagnostic &PD) {
    std::swap(DiagID, PD.DiagID);
    std::swap(DiagStorage, PD.DiagStorage);
    std::swap(Allocator, PD.Allocator);
  }

  unsigned getDiagID() const { return DiagID; }

  void AddTaggedVal(intptr_t V, DiagnosticsEngine::ArgumentKind Kind) const {
    if (!DiagStorage)
      DiagStorage = getStorage();

    assert(DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs < Storage::MaxArguments &&
           "Too many arguments to diagnostic!");
    DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsKind[DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs] = Kind;
    DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsVal[DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs++] = V;
  }

  void AddString(StringRef V) const {
    if (!DiagStorage)
      DiagStorage = getStorage();

    assert(DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs < Storage::MaxArguments &&
           "Too many arguments to diagnostic!");
    DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsKind[DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs]
      = DiagnosticsEngine::ak_std_string;
    DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsStr[DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs++] = V;
  }

  void Emit(const DiagnosticBuilder &DB) const {
    if (!DiagStorage)
      return;

    // Add all arguments.
    for (unsigned i = 0, e = DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs; i != e; ++i) {
      if ((DiagnosticsEngine::ArgumentKind)DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsKind[i]
            == DiagnosticsEngine::ak_std_string)
        DB.AddString(DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsStr[i]);
      else
        DB.AddTaggedVal(DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsVal[i],
            (DiagnosticsEngine::ArgumentKind)DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsKind[i]);
    }

    // Add all ranges.
    for (const CharSourceRange &Range : DiagStorage->DiagRanges)
      DB.AddSourceRange(Range);

    // Add all fix-its.
    for (const FixItHint &Fix : DiagStorage->FixItHints)
      DB.AddFixItHint(Fix);
  }

  void EmitToString(DiagnosticsEngine &Diags,
                    SmallVectorImpl<char> &Buf) const {
    // FIXME: It should be possible to render a diagnostic to a string without
    //        messing with the state of the diagnostics engine.
    DiagnosticBuilder DB(Diags.Report(getDiagID()));
    Emit(DB);
    DB.FlushCounts();
    Diagnostic(&Diags).FormatDiagnostic(Buf);
    DB.Clear();
    Diags.Clear();
  }

  /// \brief Clear out this partial diagnostic, giving it a new diagnostic ID
  /// and removing all of its arguments, ranges, and fix-it hints.
  void Reset(unsigned DiagID = 0) {
    this->DiagID = DiagID;
    freeStorage();
  }

  bool hasStorage() const { return DiagStorage != nullptr; }

  /// Retrieve the string argument at the given index.
  StringRef getStringArg(unsigned I) {
    assert(DiagStorage && "No diagnostic storage?");
    assert(I < DiagStorage->NumDiagArgs && "Not enough diagnostic args");
    assert(DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsKind[I]
             == DiagnosticsEngine::ak_std_string && "Not a string arg");
    return DiagStorage->DiagArgumentsStr[I];
  }

  friend const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                             unsigned I) {
    PD.AddTaggedVal(I, DiagnosticsEngine::ak_uint);
    return PD;
  }

  friend const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                             int I) {
    PD.AddTaggedVal(I, DiagnosticsEngine::ak_sint);
    return PD;
  }

  friend inline const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                                    const char *S) {
    PD.AddTaggedVal(reinterpret_cast<intptr_t>(S),
                    DiagnosticsEngine::ak_c_string);
    return PD;
  }

  friend inline const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                                    StringRef S) {

    PD.AddString(S);
    return PD;
  }

  friend inline const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                                    const IdentifierInfo *II) {
    PD.AddTaggedVal(reinterpret_cast<intptr_t>(II),
                    DiagnosticsEngine::ak_identifierinfo);
    return PD;
  }

  // Adds a DeclContext to the diagnostic. The enable_if template magic is here
  // so that we only match those arguments that are (statically) DeclContexts;
  // other arguments that derive from DeclContext (e.g., RecordDecls) will not
  // match.
  template<typename T>
  friend inline
  typename std::enable_if<std::is_same<T, DeclContext>::value,
                          const PartialDiagnostic &>::type
  operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD, T *DC) {
    PD.AddTaggedVal(reinterpret_cast<intptr_t>(DC),
                    DiagnosticsEngine::ak_declcontext);
    return PD;
  }

  friend inline const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                                    SourceRange R) {
    PD.AddSourceRange(CharSourceRange::getTokenRange(R));
    return PD;
  }

  friend inline const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                                    const CharSourceRange &R) {
    PD.AddSourceRange(R);
    return PD;
  }

  friend const PartialDiagnostic &operator<<(const PartialDiagnostic &PD,
                                             const FixItHint &Hint) {
    PD.AddFixItHint(Hint);
    return PD;
  }

};

inline const DiagnosticBuilder &operator<<(const DiagnosticBuilder &DB,
                                           const PartialDiagnostic &PD) {
  PD.Emit(DB);
  return DB;
}

/// \brief A partial diagnostic along with the source location where this
/// diagnostic occurs.
typedef std::pair<SourceLocation, PartialDiagnostic> PartialDiagnosticAt;

}  // end namespace clang
#endif