File: TargetInfo.h

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//===--- TargetInfo.h - Expose information about the target -----*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
///
/// \file
/// \brief Defines the clang::TargetInfo interface.
///
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_CLANG_BASIC_TARGETINFO_H
#define LLVM_CLANG_BASIC_TARGETINFO_H

#include "clang/Basic/AddressSpaces.h"
#include "clang/Basic/LLVM.h"
#include "clang/Basic/Specifiers.h"
#include "clang/Basic/TargetCXXABI.h"
#include "clang/Basic/TargetOptions.h"
#include "clang/Basic/VersionTuple.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/APInt.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/IntrusiveRefCntPtr.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Optional.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallSet.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Triple.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DataLayout.h"
#include "llvm/Support/DataTypes.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

namespace llvm {
struct fltSemantics;
}

namespace clang {
class DiagnosticsEngine;
class LangOptions;
class CodeGenOptions;
class MacroBuilder;
class QualType;
class SourceLocation;
class SourceManager;

namespace Builtin { struct Info; }

/// \brief Exposes information about the current target.
///
class TargetInfo : public RefCountedBase<TargetInfo> {
  std::shared_ptr<TargetOptions> TargetOpts;
  llvm::Triple Triple;
protected:
  // Target values set by the ctor of the actual target implementation.  Default
  // values are specified by the TargetInfo constructor.
  bool BigEndian;
  bool TLSSupported;
  bool NoAsmVariants;  // True if {|} are normal characters.
  bool HasFloat128;
  unsigned char PointerWidth, PointerAlign;
  unsigned char BoolWidth, BoolAlign;
  unsigned char IntWidth, IntAlign;
  unsigned char HalfWidth, HalfAlign;
  unsigned char FloatWidth, FloatAlign;
  unsigned char DoubleWidth, DoubleAlign;
  unsigned char LongDoubleWidth, LongDoubleAlign, Float128Align;
  unsigned char LargeArrayMinWidth, LargeArrayAlign;
  unsigned char LongWidth, LongAlign;
  unsigned char LongLongWidth, LongLongAlign;
  unsigned char SuitableAlign;
  unsigned char DefaultAlignForAttributeAligned;
  unsigned char MinGlobalAlign;
  unsigned char MaxAtomicPromoteWidth, MaxAtomicInlineWidth;
  unsigned short MaxVectorAlign;
  unsigned short MaxTLSAlign;
  unsigned short SimdDefaultAlign;
  unsigned short NewAlign;
  std::unique_ptr<llvm::DataLayout> DataLayout;
  const char *MCountName;
  const llvm::fltSemantics *HalfFormat, *FloatFormat, *DoubleFormat,
    *LongDoubleFormat, *Float128Format;
  unsigned char RegParmMax, SSERegParmMax;
  TargetCXXABI TheCXXABI;
  const LangAS::Map *AddrSpaceMap;

  mutable StringRef PlatformName;
  mutable VersionTuple PlatformMinVersion;

  unsigned HasAlignMac68kSupport : 1;
  unsigned RealTypeUsesObjCFPRet : 3;
  unsigned ComplexLongDoubleUsesFP2Ret : 1;

  unsigned HasBuiltinMSVaList : 1;

  unsigned IsRenderScriptTarget : 1;

  // TargetInfo Constructor.  Default initializes all fields.
  TargetInfo(const llvm::Triple &T);

  void resetDataLayout(StringRef DL) {
    DataLayout.reset(new llvm::DataLayout(DL));
  }

public:
  /// \brief Construct a target for the given options.
  ///
  /// \param Opts - The options to use to initialize the target. The target may
  /// modify the options to canonicalize the target feature information to match
  /// what the backend expects.
  static TargetInfo *
  CreateTargetInfo(DiagnosticsEngine &Diags,
                   const std::shared_ptr<TargetOptions> &Opts);

  virtual ~TargetInfo();

  /// \brief Retrieve the target options.
  TargetOptions &getTargetOpts() const {
    assert(TargetOpts && "Missing target options");
    return *TargetOpts;
  }

  ///===---- Target Data Type Query Methods -------------------------------===//
  enum IntType {
    NoInt = 0,
    SignedChar,
    UnsignedChar,
    SignedShort,
    UnsignedShort,
    SignedInt,
    UnsignedInt,
    SignedLong,
    UnsignedLong,
    SignedLongLong,
    UnsignedLongLong
  };

  enum RealType {
    NoFloat = 255,
    Float = 0,
    Double,
    LongDouble,
    Float128
  };

  /// \brief The different kinds of __builtin_va_list types defined by
  /// the target implementation.
  enum BuiltinVaListKind {
    /// typedef char* __builtin_va_list;
    CharPtrBuiltinVaList = 0,

    /// typedef void* __builtin_va_list;
    VoidPtrBuiltinVaList,

    /// __builtin_va_list as defined by the AArch64 ABI
    /// http://infocenter.arm.com/help/topic/com.arm.doc.ihi0055a/IHI0055A_aapcs64.pdf
    AArch64ABIBuiltinVaList,

    /// __builtin_va_list as defined by the PNaCl ABI:
    /// http://www.chromium.org/nativeclient/pnacl/bitcode-abi#TOC-Machine-Types
    PNaClABIBuiltinVaList,

    /// __builtin_va_list as defined by the Power ABI:
    /// https://www.power.org
    ///        /resources/downloads/Power-Arch-32-bit-ABI-supp-1.0-Embedded.pdf
    PowerABIBuiltinVaList,

    /// __builtin_va_list as defined by the x86-64 ABI:
    /// http://refspecs.linuxbase.org/elf/x86_64-abi-0.21.pdf
    X86_64ABIBuiltinVaList,

    /// __builtin_va_list as defined by ARM AAPCS ABI
    /// http://infocenter.arm.com
    //        /help/topic/com.arm.doc.ihi0042d/IHI0042D_aapcs.pdf
    AAPCSABIBuiltinVaList,

    // typedef struct __va_list_tag
    //   {
    //     long __gpr;
    //     long __fpr;
    //     void *__overflow_arg_area;
    //     void *__reg_save_area;
    //   } va_list[1];
    SystemZBuiltinVaList
  };

protected:
  IntType SizeType, IntMaxType, PtrDiffType, IntPtrType, WCharType,
          WIntType, Char16Type, Char32Type, Int64Type, SigAtomicType,
          ProcessIDType;

  /// \brief Whether Objective-C's built-in boolean type should be signed char.
  ///
  /// Otherwise, when this flag is not set, the normal built-in boolean type is
  /// used.
  unsigned UseSignedCharForObjCBool : 1;

  /// Control whether the alignment of bit-field types is respected when laying
  /// out structures. If true, then the alignment of the bit-field type will be
  /// used to (a) impact the alignment of the containing structure, and (b)
  /// ensure that the individual bit-field will not straddle an alignment
  /// boundary.
  unsigned UseBitFieldTypeAlignment : 1;

  /// \brief Whether zero length bitfields (e.g., int : 0;) force alignment of
  /// the next bitfield.
  ///
  /// If the alignment of the zero length bitfield is greater than the member
  /// that follows it, `bar', `bar' will be aligned as the type of the
  /// zero-length bitfield.
  unsigned UseZeroLengthBitfieldAlignment : 1;

  /// \brief  Whether explicit bit field alignment attributes are honored.
  unsigned UseExplicitBitFieldAlignment : 1;

  /// If non-zero, specifies a fixed alignment value for bitfields that follow
  /// zero length bitfield, regardless of the zero length bitfield type.
  unsigned ZeroLengthBitfieldBoundary;

  /// \brief Specify if mangling based on address space map should be used or
  /// not for language specific address spaces
  bool UseAddrSpaceMapMangling;

public:
  IntType getSizeType() const { return SizeType; }
  IntType getSignedSizeType() const {
    switch (SizeType) {
    case UnsignedShort:
      return SignedShort;
    case UnsignedInt:
      return SignedInt;
    case UnsignedLong:
      return SignedLong;
    case UnsignedLongLong:
      return SignedLongLong;
    default:
      llvm_unreachable("Invalid SizeType");
    }
  }
  IntType getIntMaxType() const { return IntMaxType; }
  IntType getUIntMaxType() const {
    return getCorrespondingUnsignedType(IntMaxType);
  }
  IntType getPtrDiffType(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return AddrSpace == 0 ? PtrDiffType : getPtrDiffTypeV(AddrSpace);
  }
  IntType getIntPtrType() const { return IntPtrType; }
  IntType getUIntPtrType() const {
    return getCorrespondingUnsignedType(IntPtrType);
  }
  IntType getWCharType() const { return WCharType; }
  IntType getWIntType() const { return WIntType; }
  IntType getChar16Type() const { return Char16Type; }
  IntType getChar32Type() const { return Char32Type; }
  IntType getInt64Type() const { return Int64Type; }
  IntType getUInt64Type() const {
    return getCorrespondingUnsignedType(Int64Type);
  }
  IntType getSigAtomicType() const { return SigAtomicType; }
  IntType getProcessIDType() const { return ProcessIDType; }

  static IntType getCorrespondingUnsignedType(IntType T) {
    switch (T) {
    case SignedChar:
      return UnsignedChar;
    case SignedShort:
      return UnsignedShort;
    case SignedInt:
      return UnsignedInt;
    case SignedLong:
      return UnsignedLong;
    case SignedLongLong:
      return UnsignedLongLong;
    default:
      llvm_unreachable("Unexpected signed integer type");
    }
  }

  /// \brief Return the width (in bits) of the specified integer type enum.
  ///
  /// For example, SignedInt -> getIntWidth().
  unsigned getTypeWidth(IntType T) const;

  /// \brief Return integer type with specified width.
  virtual IntType getIntTypeByWidth(unsigned BitWidth, bool IsSigned) const;

  /// \brief Return the smallest integer type with at least the specified width.
  virtual IntType getLeastIntTypeByWidth(unsigned BitWidth,
                                         bool IsSigned) const;

  /// \brief Return floating point type with specified width.
  RealType getRealTypeByWidth(unsigned BitWidth) const;

  /// \brief Return the alignment (in bits) of the specified integer type enum.
  ///
  /// For example, SignedInt -> getIntAlign().
  unsigned getTypeAlign(IntType T) const;

  /// \brief Returns true if the type is signed; false otherwise.
  static bool isTypeSigned(IntType T);

  /// \brief Return the width of pointers on this target, for the
  /// specified address space.
  uint64_t getPointerWidth(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return AddrSpace == 0 ? PointerWidth : getPointerWidthV(AddrSpace);
  }
  uint64_t getPointerAlign(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return AddrSpace == 0 ? PointerAlign : getPointerAlignV(AddrSpace);
  }

  /// \brief Return the maximum width of pointers on this target.
  virtual uint64_t getMaxPointerWidth() const {
    return PointerWidth;
  }

  /// \brief Get integer value for null pointer.
  /// \param AddrSpace address space of pointee in source language.
  virtual uint64_t getNullPointerValue(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return 0;
  }

  /// \brief Return the size of '_Bool' and C++ 'bool' for this target, in bits.
  unsigned getBoolWidth() const { return BoolWidth; }

  /// \brief Return the alignment of '_Bool' and C++ 'bool' for this target.
  unsigned getBoolAlign() const { return BoolAlign; }

  unsigned getCharWidth() const { return 8; } // FIXME
  unsigned getCharAlign() const { return 8; } // FIXME

  /// \brief Return the size of 'signed short' and 'unsigned short' for this
  /// target, in bits.
  unsigned getShortWidth() const { return 16; } // FIXME

  /// \brief Return the alignment of 'signed short' and 'unsigned short' for
  /// this target.
  unsigned getShortAlign() const { return 16; } // FIXME

  /// getIntWidth/Align - Return the size of 'signed int' and 'unsigned int' for
  /// this target, in bits.
  unsigned getIntWidth() const { return IntWidth; }
  unsigned getIntAlign() const { return IntAlign; }

  /// getLongWidth/Align - Return the size of 'signed long' and 'unsigned long'
  /// for this target, in bits.
  unsigned getLongWidth() const { return LongWidth; }
  unsigned getLongAlign() const { return LongAlign; }

  /// getLongLongWidth/Align - Return the size of 'signed long long' and
  /// 'unsigned long long' for this target, in bits.
  unsigned getLongLongWidth() const { return LongLongWidth; }
  unsigned getLongLongAlign() const { return LongLongAlign; }

  /// \brief Determine whether the __int128 type is supported on this target.
  virtual bool hasInt128Type() const {
    return getPointerWidth(0) >= 64;
  } // FIXME

  /// \brief Determine whether the __float128 type is supported on this target.
  virtual bool hasFloat128Type() const { return HasFloat128; }

  /// \brief Return the alignment that is suitable for storing any
  /// object with a fundamental alignment requirement.
  unsigned getSuitableAlign() const { return SuitableAlign; }

  /// \brief Return the default alignment for __attribute__((aligned)) on
  /// this target, to be used if no alignment value is specified.
  unsigned getDefaultAlignForAttributeAligned() const {
    return DefaultAlignForAttributeAligned;
  }

  /// getMinGlobalAlign - Return the minimum alignment of a global variable,
  /// unless its alignment is explicitly reduced via attributes.
  unsigned getMinGlobalAlign() const { return MinGlobalAlign; }

  /// Return the largest alignment for which a suitably-sized allocation with
  /// '::operator new(size_t)' is guaranteed to produce a correctly-aligned
  /// pointer.
  unsigned getNewAlign() const {
    return NewAlign ? NewAlign : std::max(LongDoubleAlign, LongLongAlign);
  }

  /// getWCharWidth/Align - Return the size of 'wchar_t' for this target, in
  /// bits.
  unsigned getWCharWidth() const { return getTypeWidth(WCharType); }
  unsigned getWCharAlign() const { return getTypeAlign(WCharType); }

  /// getChar16Width/Align - Return the size of 'char16_t' for this target, in
  /// bits.
  unsigned getChar16Width() const { return getTypeWidth(Char16Type); }
  unsigned getChar16Align() const { return getTypeAlign(Char16Type); }

  /// getChar32Width/Align - Return the size of 'char32_t' for this target, in
  /// bits.
  unsigned getChar32Width() const { return getTypeWidth(Char32Type); }
  unsigned getChar32Align() const { return getTypeAlign(Char32Type); }

  /// getHalfWidth/Align/Format - Return the size/align/format of 'half'.
  unsigned getHalfWidth() const { return HalfWidth; }
  unsigned getHalfAlign() const { return HalfAlign; }
  const llvm::fltSemantics &getHalfFormat() const { return *HalfFormat; }

  /// getFloatWidth/Align/Format - Return the size/align/format of 'float'.
  unsigned getFloatWidth() const { return FloatWidth; }
  unsigned getFloatAlign() const { return FloatAlign; }
  const llvm::fltSemantics &getFloatFormat() const { return *FloatFormat; }

  /// getDoubleWidth/Align/Format - Return the size/align/format of 'double'.
  unsigned getDoubleWidth() const { return DoubleWidth; }
  unsigned getDoubleAlign() const { return DoubleAlign; }
  const llvm::fltSemantics &getDoubleFormat() const { return *DoubleFormat; }

  /// getLongDoubleWidth/Align/Format - Return the size/align/format of 'long
  /// double'.
  unsigned getLongDoubleWidth() const { return LongDoubleWidth; }
  unsigned getLongDoubleAlign() const { return LongDoubleAlign; }
  const llvm::fltSemantics &getLongDoubleFormat() const {
    return *LongDoubleFormat;
  }

  /// getFloat128Width/Align/Format - Return the size/align/format of
  /// '__float128'.
  unsigned getFloat128Width() const { return 128; }
  unsigned getFloat128Align() const { return Float128Align; }
  const llvm::fltSemantics &getFloat128Format() const {
    return *Float128Format;
  }

  /// \brief Return true if the 'long double' type should be mangled like
  /// __float128.
  virtual bool useFloat128ManglingForLongDouble() const { return false; }

  /// \brief Return the value for the C99 FLT_EVAL_METHOD macro.
  virtual unsigned getFloatEvalMethod() const { return 0; }

  // getLargeArrayMinWidth/Align - Return the minimum array size that is
  // 'large' and its alignment.
  unsigned getLargeArrayMinWidth() const { return LargeArrayMinWidth; }
  unsigned getLargeArrayAlign() const { return LargeArrayAlign; }

  /// \brief Return the maximum width lock-free atomic operation which will
  /// ever be supported for the given target
  unsigned getMaxAtomicPromoteWidth() const { return MaxAtomicPromoteWidth; }
  /// \brief Return the maximum width lock-free atomic operation which can be
  /// inlined given the supported features of the given target.
  unsigned getMaxAtomicInlineWidth() const { return MaxAtomicInlineWidth; }
  /// \brief Returns true if the given target supports lock-free atomic
  /// operations at the specified width and alignment.
  virtual bool hasBuiltinAtomic(uint64_t AtomicSizeInBits,
                                uint64_t AlignmentInBits) const {
    return AtomicSizeInBits <= AlignmentInBits &&
           AtomicSizeInBits <= getMaxAtomicInlineWidth() &&
           (AtomicSizeInBits <= getCharWidth() ||
            llvm::isPowerOf2_64(AtomicSizeInBits / getCharWidth()));
  }

  /// \brief Return the maximum vector alignment supported for the given target.
  unsigned getMaxVectorAlign() const { return MaxVectorAlign; }
  /// \brief Return default simd alignment for the given target. Generally, this
  /// value is type-specific, but this alignment can be used for most of the
  /// types for the given target.
  unsigned getSimdDefaultAlign() const { return SimdDefaultAlign; }

  /// Return the alignment (in bits) of the thrown exception object. This is
  /// only meaningful for targets that allocate C++ exceptions in a system
  /// runtime, such as those using the Itanium C++ ABI.
  virtual unsigned getExnObjectAlignment() const {
    // Itanium says that an _Unwind_Exception has to be "double-word"
    // aligned (and thus the end of it is also so-aligned), meaning 16
    // bytes.  Of course, that was written for the actual Itanium,
    // which is a 64-bit platform.  Classically, the ABI doesn't really
    // specify the alignment on other platforms, but in practice
    // libUnwind declares the struct with __attribute__((aligned)), so
    // we assume that alignment here.  (It's generally 16 bytes, but
    // some targets overwrite it.)
    return getDefaultAlignForAttributeAligned();
  }

  /// \brief Return the size of intmax_t and uintmax_t for this target, in bits.
  unsigned getIntMaxTWidth() const {
    return getTypeWidth(IntMaxType);
  }

  // Return the size of unwind_word for this target.
  virtual unsigned getUnwindWordWidth() const { return getPointerWidth(0); }

  /// \brief Return the "preferred" register width on this target.
  virtual unsigned getRegisterWidth() const {
    // Currently we assume the register width on the target matches the pointer
    // width, we can introduce a new variable for this if/when some target wants
    // it.
    return PointerWidth;
  }

  /// \brief Returns the name of the mcount instrumentation function.
  const char *getMCountName() const {
    return MCountName;
  }

  /// \brief Check if the Objective-C built-in boolean type should be signed
  /// char.
  ///
  /// Otherwise, if this returns false, the normal built-in boolean type
  /// should also be used for Objective-C.
  bool useSignedCharForObjCBool() const {
    return UseSignedCharForObjCBool;
  }
  void noSignedCharForObjCBool() {
    UseSignedCharForObjCBool = false;
  }

  /// \brief Check whether the alignment of bit-field types is respected
  /// when laying out structures.
  bool useBitFieldTypeAlignment() const {
    return UseBitFieldTypeAlignment;
  }

  /// \brief Check whether zero length bitfields should force alignment of
  /// the next member.
  bool useZeroLengthBitfieldAlignment() const {
    return UseZeroLengthBitfieldAlignment;
  }

  /// \brief Get the fixed alignment value in bits for a member that follows
  /// a zero length bitfield.
  unsigned getZeroLengthBitfieldBoundary() const {
    return ZeroLengthBitfieldBoundary;
  }

  /// \brief Check whether explicit bitfield alignment attributes should be
  //  honored, as in "__attribute__((aligned(2))) int b : 1;".
  bool useExplicitBitFieldAlignment() const {
    return UseExplicitBitFieldAlignment;
  }

  /// \brief Check whether this target support '\#pragma options align=mac68k'.
  bool hasAlignMac68kSupport() const {
    return HasAlignMac68kSupport;
  }

  /// \brief Return the user string for the specified integer type enum.
  ///
  /// For example, SignedShort -> "short".
  static const char *getTypeName(IntType T);

  /// \brief Return the constant suffix for the specified integer type enum.
  ///
  /// For example, SignedLong -> "L".
  const char *getTypeConstantSuffix(IntType T) const;

  /// \brief Return the printf format modifier for the specified
  /// integer type enum.
  ///
  /// For example, SignedLong -> "l".
  static const char *getTypeFormatModifier(IntType T);

  /// \brief Check whether the given real type should use the "fpret" flavor of
  /// Objective-C message passing on this target.
  bool useObjCFPRetForRealType(RealType T) const {
    return RealTypeUsesObjCFPRet & (1 << T);
  }

  /// \brief Check whether _Complex long double should use the "fp2ret" flavor
  /// of Objective-C message passing on this target.
  bool useObjCFP2RetForComplexLongDouble() const {
    return ComplexLongDoubleUsesFP2Ret;
  }

  /// \brief Specify if mangling based on address space map should be used or
  /// not for language specific address spaces
  bool useAddressSpaceMapMangling() const {
    return UseAddrSpaceMapMangling;
  }

  ///===---- Other target property query methods --------------------------===//

  /// \brief Appends the target-specific \#define values for this
  /// target set to the specified buffer.
  virtual void getTargetDefines(const LangOptions &Opts,
                                MacroBuilder &Builder) const = 0;


  /// Return information about target-specific builtins for
  /// the current primary target, and info about which builtins are non-portable
  /// across the current set of primary and secondary targets.
  virtual ArrayRef<Builtin::Info> getTargetBuiltins() const = 0;

  /// The __builtin_clz* and __builtin_ctz* built-in
  /// functions are specified to have undefined results for zero inputs, but
  /// on targets that support these operations in a way that provides
  /// well-defined results for zero without loss of performance, it is a good
  /// idea to avoid optimizing based on that undef behavior.
  virtual bool isCLZForZeroUndef() const { return true; }

  /// \brief Returns the kind of __builtin_va_list type that should be used
  /// with this target.
  virtual BuiltinVaListKind getBuiltinVaListKind() const = 0;

  /// Returns whether or not type \c __builtin_ms_va_list type is
  /// available on this target.
  bool hasBuiltinMSVaList() const { return HasBuiltinMSVaList; }

  /// Returns true for RenderScript.
  bool isRenderScriptTarget() const { return IsRenderScriptTarget; }

  /// \brief Returns whether the passed in string is a valid clobber in an
  /// inline asm statement.
  ///
  /// This is used by Sema.
  bool isValidClobber(StringRef Name) const;

  /// \brief Returns whether the passed in string is a valid register name
  /// according to GCC.
  ///
  /// This is used by Sema for inline asm statements.
  bool isValidGCCRegisterName(StringRef Name) const;

  /// \brief Returns the "normalized" GCC register name.
  ///
  /// ReturnCannonical true will return the register name without any additions
  /// such as "{}" or "%" in it's canonical form, for example:
  /// ReturnCanonical = true and Name = "rax", will return "ax".
  StringRef getNormalizedGCCRegisterName(StringRef Name,
                                         bool ReturnCanonical = false) const;
 
  virtual StringRef getConstraintRegister(const StringRef &Constraint,
                                          const StringRef &Expression) const {
    return "";
  }

  struct ConstraintInfo {
    enum {
      CI_None = 0x00,
      CI_AllowsMemory = 0x01,
      CI_AllowsRegister = 0x02,
      CI_ReadWrite = 0x04,         // "+r" output constraint (read and write).
      CI_HasMatchingInput = 0x08,  // This output operand has a matching input.
      CI_ImmediateConstant = 0x10, // This operand must be an immediate constant
      CI_EarlyClobber = 0x20,      // "&" output constraint (early clobber).
    };
    unsigned Flags;
    int TiedOperand;
    struct {
      int Min;
      int Max;
    } ImmRange;
    llvm::SmallSet<int, 4> ImmSet;

    std::string ConstraintStr;  // constraint: "=rm"
    std::string Name;           // Operand name: [foo] with no []'s.
  public:
    ConstraintInfo(StringRef ConstraintStr, StringRef Name)
        : Flags(0), TiedOperand(-1), ConstraintStr(ConstraintStr.str()),
          Name(Name.str()) {
      ImmRange.Min = ImmRange.Max = 0;
    }

    const std::string &getConstraintStr() const { return ConstraintStr; }
    const std::string &getName() const { return Name; }
    bool isReadWrite() const { return (Flags & CI_ReadWrite) != 0; }
    bool earlyClobber() { return (Flags & CI_EarlyClobber) != 0; }
    bool allowsRegister() const { return (Flags & CI_AllowsRegister) != 0; }
    bool allowsMemory() const { return (Flags & CI_AllowsMemory) != 0; }

    /// \brief Return true if this output operand has a matching
    /// (tied) input operand.
    bool hasMatchingInput() const { return (Flags & CI_HasMatchingInput) != 0; }

    /// \brief Return true if this input operand is a matching
    /// constraint that ties it to an output operand.
    ///
    /// If this returns true then getTiedOperand will indicate which output
    /// operand this is tied to.
    bool hasTiedOperand() const { return TiedOperand != -1; }
    unsigned getTiedOperand() const {
      assert(hasTiedOperand() && "Has no tied operand!");
      return (unsigned)TiedOperand;
    }

    bool requiresImmediateConstant() const {
      return (Flags & CI_ImmediateConstant) != 0;
    }
    bool isValidAsmImmediate(const llvm::APInt &Value) const {
      return (Value.sge(ImmRange.Min) && Value.sle(ImmRange.Max)) ||
             ImmSet.count(Value.getZExtValue()) != 0;
    }

    void setIsReadWrite() { Flags |= CI_ReadWrite; }
    void setEarlyClobber() { Flags |= CI_EarlyClobber; }
    void setAllowsMemory() { Flags |= CI_AllowsMemory; }
    void setAllowsRegister() { Flags |= CI_AllowsRegister; }
    void setHasMatchingInput() { Flags |= CI_HasMatchingInput; }
    void setRequiresImmediate(int Min, int Max) {
      Flags |= CI_ImmediateConstant;
      ImmRange.Min = Min;
      ImmRange.Max = Max;
    }
    void setRequiresImmediate(llvm::ArrayRef<int> Exacts) {
      Flags |= CI_ImmediateConstant;
      for (int Exact : Exacts)
        ImmSet.insert(Exact);
    }
    void setRequiresImmediate(int Exact) {
      Flags |= CI_ImmediateConstant;
      ImmSet.insert(Exact);
    }
    void setRequiresImmediate() {
      Flags |= CI_ImmediateConstant;
      ImmRange.Min = INT_MIN;
      ImmRange.Max = INT_MAX;
    }

    /// \brief Indicate that this is an input operand that is tied to
    /// the specified output operand.
    ///
    /// Copy over the various constraint information from the output.
    void setTiedOperand(unsigned N, ConstraintInfo &Output) {
      Output.setHasMatchingInput();
      Flags = Output.Flags;
      TiedOperand = N;
      // Don't copy Name or constraint string.
    }
  };

  /// \brief Validate register name used for global register variables.
  ///
  /// This function returns true if the register passed in RegName can be used
  /// for global register variables on this target. In addition, it returns
  /// true in HasSizeMismatch if the size of the register doesn't match the
  /// variable size passed in RegSize.
  virtual bool validateGlobalRegisterVariable(StringRef RegName,
                                              unsigned RegSize,
                                              bool &HasSizeMismatch) const {
    HasSizeMismatch = false;
    return true;
  }

  // validateOutputConstraint, validateInputConstraint - Checks that
  // a constraint is valid and provides information about it.
  // FIXME: These should return a real error instead of just true/false.
  bool validateOutputConstraint(ConstraintInfo &Info) const;
  bool validateInputConstraint(MutableArrayRef<ConstraintInfo> OutputConstraints,
                               ConstraintInfo &info) const;

  virtual bool validateOutputSize(StringRef /*Constraint*/,
                                  unsigned /*Size*/) const {
    return true;
  }

  virtual bool validateInputSize(StringRef /*Constraint*/,
                                 unsigned /*Size*/) const {
    return true;
  }
  virtual bool
  validateConstraintModifier(StringRef /*Constraint*/,
                             char /*Modifier*/,
                             unsigned /*Size*/,
                             std::string &/*SuggestedModifier*/) const {
    return true;
  }
  virtual bool
  validateAsmConstraint(const char *&Name,
                        TargetInfo::ConstraintInfo &info) const = 0;

  bool resolveSymbolicName(const char *&Name,
                           ArrayRef<ConstraintInfo> OutputConstraints,
                           unsigned &Index) const;

  // Constraint parm will be left pointing at the last character of
  // the constraint.  In practice, it won't be changed unless the
  // constraint is longer than one character.
  virtual std::string convertConstraint(const char *&Constraint) const {
    // 'p' defaults to 'r', but can be overridden by targets.
    if (*Constraint == 'p')
      return std::string("r");
    return std::string(1, *Constraint);
  }

  /// \brief Returns a string of target-specific clobbers, in LLVM format.
  virtual const char *getClobbers() const = 0;

  /// \brief Returns true if NaN encoding is IEEE 754-2008.
  /// Only MIPS allows a different encoding.
  virtual bool isNan2008() const {
    return true;
  }

  /// \brief Returns the target triple of the primary target.
  const llvm::Triple &getTriple() const {
    return Triple;
  }

  const llvm::DataLayout &getDataLayout() const {
    assert(DataLayout && "Uninitialized DataLayout!");
    return *DataLayout;
  }

  struct GCCRegAlias {
    const char * const Aliases[5];
    const char * const Register;
  };

  struct AddlRegName {
    const char * const Names[5];
    const unsigned RegNum;
  };

  /// \brief Does this target support "protected" visibility?
  ///
  /// Any target which dynamic libraries will naturally support
  /// something like "default" (meaning that the symbol is visible
  /// outside this shared object) and "hidden" (meaning that it isn't)
  /// visibilities, but "protected" is really an ELF-specific concept
  /// with weird semantics designed around the convenience of dynamic
  /// linker implementations.  Which is not to suggest that there's
  /// consistent target-independent semantics for "default" visibility
  /// either; the entire thing is pretty badly mangled.
  virtual bool hasProtectedVisibility() const { return true; }

  /// \brief An optional hook that targets can implement to perform semantic
  /// checking on attribute((section("foo"))) specifiers.
  ///
  /// In this case, "foo" is passed in to be checked.  If the section
  /// specifier is invalid, the backend should return a non-empty string
  /// that indicates the problem.
  ///
  /// This hook is a simple quality of implementation feature to catch errors
  /// and give good diagnostics in cases when the assembler or code generator
  /// would otherwise reject the section specifier.
  ///
  virtual std::string isValidSectionSpecifier(StringRef SR) const {
    return "";
  }

  /// \brief Set forced language options.
  ///
  /// Apply changes to the target information with respect to certain
  /// language options which change the target configuration and adjust
  /// the language based on the target options where applicable.
  virtual void adjust(LangOptions &Opts);

  /// \brief Adjust target options based on codegen options.
  virtual void adjustTargetOptions(const CodeGenOptions &CGOpts,
                                   TargetOptions &TargetOpts) const {}

  /// \brief Initialize the map with the default set of target features for the
  /// CPU this should include all legal feature strings on the target.
  ///
  /// \return False on error (invalid features).
  virtual bool initFeatureMap(llvm::StringMap<bool> &Features,
                              DiagnosticsEngine &Diags, StringRef CPU,
                              const std::vector<std::string> &FeatureVec) const;

  /// \brief Get the ABI currently in use.
  virtual StringRef getABI() const { return StringRef(); }

  /// \brief Get the C++ ABI currently in use.
  TargetCXXABI getCXXABI() const {
    return TheCXXABI;
  }

  /// \brief Target the specified CPU.
  ///
  /// \return  False on error (invalid CPU name).
  virtual bool setCPU(const std::string &Name) {
    return false;
  }

  /// \brief Use the specified ABI.
  ///
  /// \return False on error (invalid ABI name).
  virtual bool setABI(const std::string &Name) {
    return false;
  }

  /// \brief Use the specified unit for FP math.
  ///
  /// \return False on error (invalid unit name).
  virtual bool setFPMath(StringRef Name) {
    return false;
  }

  /// \brief Enable or disable a specific target feature;
  /// the feature name must be valid.
  virtual void setFeatureEnabled(llvm::StringMap<bool> &Features,
                                 StringRef Name,
                                 bool Enabled) const {
    Features[Name] = Enabled;
  }

  /// \brief Perform initialization based on the user configured
  /// set of features (e.g., +sse4).
  ///
  /// The list is guaranteed to have at most one entry per feature.
  ///
  /// The target may modify the features list, to change which options are
  /// passed onwards to the backend.
  /// FIXME: This part should be fixed so that we can change handleTargetFeatures
  /// to merely a TargetInfo initialization routine.
  ///
  /// \return  False on error.
  virtual bool handleTargetFeatures(std::vector<std::string> &Features,
                                    DiagnosticsEngine &Diags) {
    return true;
  }

  /// \brief Determine whether the given target has the given feature.
  virtual bool hasFeature(StringRef Feature) const {
    return false;
  }

  // \brief Validate the contents of the __builtin_cpu_supports(const char*)
  // argument.
  virtual bool validateCpuSupports(StringRef Name) const { return false; }

  // \brief Returns maximal number of args passed in registers.
  unsigned getRegParmMax() const {
    assert(RegParmMax < 7 && "RegParmMax value is larger than AST can handle");
    return RegParmMax;
  }

  /// \brief Whether the target supports thread-local storage.
  bool isTLSSupported() const {
    return TLSSupported;
  }

  /// \brief Return the maximum alignment (in bits) of a TLS variable
  ///
  /// Gets the maximum alignment (in bits) of a TLS variable on this target.
  /// Returns zero if there is no such constraint.
  unsigned short getMaxTLSAlign() const {
    return MaxTLSAlign;
  }

  /// \brief Whether the target supports SEH __try.
  bool isSEHTrySupported() const {
    return getTriple().isOSWindows() &&
           (getTriple().getArch() == llvm::Triple::x86 ||
            getTriple().getArch() == llvm::Triple::x86_64);
  }

  /// \brief Return true if {|} are normal characters in the asm string.
  ///
  /// If this returns false (the default), then {abc|xyz} is syntax
  /// that says that when compiling for asm variant #0, "abc" should be
  /// generated, but when compiling for asm variant #1, "xyz" should be
  /// generated.
  bool hasNoAsmVariants() const {
    return NoAsmVariants;
  }

  /// \brief Return the register number that __builtin_eh_return_regno would
  /// return with the specified argument.
  /// This corresponds with TargetLowering's getExceptionPointerRegister
  /// and getExceptionSelectorRegister in the backend.
  virtual int getEHDataRegisterNumber(unsigned RegNo) const {
    return -1;
  }

  /// \brief Return the section to use for C++ static initialization functions.
  virtual const char *getStaticInitSectionSpecifier() const {
    return nullptr;
  }

  const LangAS::Map &getAddressSpaceMap() const {
    return *AddrSpaceMap;
  }

  /// \brief Return an AST address space which can be used opportunistically
  /// for constant global memory. It must be possible to convert pointers into
  /// this address space to LangAS::Default. If no such address space exists,
  /// this may return None, and such optimizations will be disabled.
  virtual llvm::Optional<unsigned> getConstantAddressSpace() const {
    return LangAS::Default;
  }

  /// \brief Retrieve the name of the platform as it is used in the
  /// availability attribute.
  StringRef getPlatformName() const { return PlatformName; }

  /// \brief Retrieve the minimum desired version of the platform, to
  /// which the program should be compiled.
  VersionTuple getPlatformMinVersion() const { return PlatformMinVersion; }

  bool isBigEndian() const { return BigEndian; }
  bool isLittleEndian() const { return !BigEndian; }

  enum CallingConvMethodType {
    CCMT_Unknown,
    CCMT_Member,
    CCMT_NonMember
  };

  /// \brief Gets the default calling convention for the given target and
  /// declaration context.
  virtual CallingConv getDefaultCallingConv(CallingConvMethodType MT) const {
    // Not all targets will specify an explicit calling convention that we can
    // express.  This will always do the right thing, even though it's not
    // an explicit calling convention.
    return CC_C;
  }

  enum CallingConvCheckResult {
    CCCR_OK,
    CCCR_Warning,
    CCCR_Ignore,
  };

  /// \brief Determines whether a given calling convention is valid for the
  /// target. A calling convention can either be accepted, produce a warning
  /// and be substituted with the default calling convention, or (someday)
  /// produce an error (such as using thiscall on a non-instance function).
  virtual CallingConvCheckResult checkCallingConvention(CallingConv CC) const {
    switch (CC) {
      default:
        return CCCR_Warning;
      case CC_C:
        return CCCR_OK;
    }
  }

  /// Controls if __builtin_longjmp / __builtin_setjmp can be lowered to
  /// llvm.eh.sjlj.longjmp / llvm.eh.sjlj.setjmp.
  virtual bool hasSjLjLowering() const {
    return false;
  }

  /// \brief Whether target allows to overalign ABI-specified preferred alignment
  virtual bool allowsLargerPreferedTypeAlignment() const { return true; }

  /// \brief Set supported OpenCL extensions and optional core features.
  virtual void setSupportedOpenCLOpts() {}

  /// \brief Set supported OpenCL extensions as written on command line
  virtual void setOpenCLExtensionOpts() {
    for (const auto &Ext : getTargetOpts().OpenCLExtensionsAsWritten) {
      getTargetOpts().SupportedOpenCLOptions.support(Ext);
    }
  }

  /// \brief Get supported OpenCL extensions and optional core features.
  OpenCLOptions &getSupportedOpenCLOpts() {
    return getTargetOpts().SupportedOpenCLOptions;
  }

  /// \brief Get const supported OpenCL extensions and optional core features.
  const OpenCLOptions &getSupportedOpenCLOpts() const {
      return getTargetOpts().SupportedOpenCLOptions;
  }

  /// \brief Get OpenCL image type address space.
  virtual LangAS::ID getOpenCLImageAddrSpace() const {
    return LangAS::opencl_global;
  }

  /// \returns Target specific vtbl ptr address space.
  virtual unsigned getVtblPtrAddressSpace() const {
    return 0;
  }

  /// \returns If a target requires an address within a target specific address
  /// space \p AddressSpace to be converted in order to be used, then return the
  /// corresponding target specific DWARF address space.
  ///
  /// \returns Otherwise return None and no conversion will be emitted in the
  /// DWARF.
  virtual Optional<unsigned> getDWARFAddressSpace(unsigned AddressSpace) const {
    return None;
  }

  /// \brief Check the target is valid after it is fully initialized.
  virtual bool validateTarget(DiagnosticsEngine &Diags) const {
    return true;
  }

protected:
  virtual uint64_t getPointerWidthV(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return PointerWidth;
  }
  virtual uint64_t getPointerAlignV(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return PointerAlign;
  }
  virtual enum IntType getPtrDiffTypeV(unsigned AddrSpace) const {
    return PtrDiffType;
  }
  virtual ArrayRef<const char *> getGCCRegNames() const = 0;
  virtual ArrayRef<GCCRegAlias> getGCCRegAliases() const = 0;
  virtual ArrayRef<AddlRegName> getGCCAddlRegNames() const {
    return None;
  }
};

}  // end namespace clang

#endif