File: amavis-logwatch.1

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.TH AMAVIS-LOGWATCH 1 
.ad
.fi
.SH NAME
amavis-logwatch
\-
An Amavisd-new log parser and analysis utility
.SH "SYNOPSIS"
.na
.nf
.fi
\fBamavis-logwatch\fR [\fIoptions\fR] [\fIlogfile ...\fR]
.SH DESCRIPTION
.ad
.fi
The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR(1) utility is an Amavisd-new log parser
that produces summaries, details, and statistics regarding
the operation of Amavisd-new (henceforth, simply called Amavis).
.PP
This utility can be used as a
standalone program, or as a Logwatch filter module to produce
Amavisd-new summary and detailed reports from within Logwatch.
.PP
\fBAmavis-logwatch\fR is able to produce
a wide range of reports with data grouped and sorted as much as possible
to reduce noise and highlight patterns.
Brief summary reports provide a
quick overview of general Amavis operations and message
delivery, calling out warnings that may require attention.
Detailed reports provide easy to scan, hierarchically-arranged
and organized information, with as much or little detail as
desired.
.PP
Much of the interesting data is available when Amavis'
$log_level is set to at least 2.
See \fBAmavis Log Level\fR below.
.PP
\fBAmavis-logwatch\fR outputs two principal sections: a \fBSummary\fR section
and a \fBDetailed\fR section.
For readability and quick scanning, all event or hit counts appear in the left column,
followed by brief description of the event type, and finally additional
statistics or count representations may appear in the rightmost column.

The following segment from a sample Summary report illustrates:
.RS 4
.nf

****** Summary ********************************************

       9   Miscellaneous warnings 

   20313   Total messages scanned ----------------  100.00%
1008.534M  Total bytes scanned                1,057,524,252
========   ================================================

    1190   Blocked -------------------------------    5.86%
      18     Malware blocked                          0.09%
       4     Banned name blocked                      0.02%
     416     Spam blocked                             2.05%
     752     Spam discarded (no quarantine)           3.70%

   19123   Passed --------------------------------   94.14%
      47     Bad header passed                        0.23%
   19076     Clean passed                            93.91%
========   ================================================

      18   Malware -------------------------------    0.09%
      18     Malware blocked                          0.09%

       4   Banned --------------------------------    0.02%
       4     Banned file blocked                      0.02%

    1168   Spam ----------------------------------    5.75%
     416     Spam blocked                             2.05%
     752     Spam discarded (no quarantine)           3.70%

   19123   Ham -----------------------------------   94.14%
      47     Bad header passed                        0.23%
   19076     Clean passed                            93.91%
========   ================================================

    1982   SpamAssassin bypassed 
      32   Released from quarantine 
       2   DSN notification (debug supplemental) 
       2   Bounce unverifiable   
    2369   Whitelisted           
       2   Blacklisted           
      12   MIME error            
      58   Bad header (debug supplemental) 
      40   Extra code modules loaded at runtime 

.fi
.RE 0
The report indicates there were 9 general warnings, and
\fBAmavis\fR scanned a total of 20313 messages
for a total of 1008.53 megabytes or 1,057,524,252 bytes.
The next summary groups shows the Blocked / Passed overview, 
with 1190 Blocked messages (broken down as 18 messages blocked as malware,
4 messages with banned names, 416 spam messages, and 752 discarded
messages), and 19123 Passed messages (47 messages with bad headers
and 19076 clean messages).

The next (optional) summary grouping shows message disposition by contents category.  
There were 18 malware messages and 4 banned file messages (all blocked), 
1168 Spam messages, of which 416 were blocked (quarantined) and 752 discarded.
Finally, there were 19123 messages considered to be Ham (i.e. not spam), 47
of which contained bad headers.

Additional count summaries for a variety of events are also listed.
.PP
There are dozens of sub-sections available in the \fBDetailed\fR report, each of
whose output can be controlled in various ways.
Each sub-section attempts to group and present the most meaningful data at superior levels,
while pushing less useful or \fInoisy\fR data towards inferior levels.
The goal is to provide as much benefit as possible from smart grouping of
data, to allow faster report scanning, pattern identification, and problem solving.
Data is always sorted in descending order by count, and then numerically by IP address
or alphabetically as appropriate.
.PP
The following Spam blocked segment from a sample \fBDetailed\fR report
illustrates the basic hierarchical level structure of \fBamavis-logwatch\fR:
.RS 4
.nf

****** Detailed *******************************************

   19346   Spam blocked -----------------------------------
     756      from@example.com
      12         10.0.0.2
      12            <>
      12         192.168.2.2
      12            <>
       5         192.168.2.1
     ...

.fi
.RE 0
.PP
The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR utility reads from STDIN or from the named Amavis
\fIlogfile\fR.
Multiple \fIlogfile\fR arguments may be specified, each processed
in order.
The user running \fBamavis-logwatch\fR must have read permission on
each named log file.
.PP
.SS Options
The options listed below affect the operation of \fBamavis-logwatch\fR.
Options specified later on the command line override earlier ones.
Any option may be abbreviated to an unambiguous length.

.IP "\fB--[no]autolearn\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--show_autolearn \fIboolean\fR"
.PD
Enables (disables) output of the autolearn report.
This report is only available if the default Amavis \fB$log_templ\fR
has been modified to provide autolearn results in log entries.
This can be done by uncommenting two lines in the Amavis program itself (where the
default log templates reside), or by correctly adding the \fB$log_templ\fR
variable to the \fBamavisd.conf\fR file.
See Amavis' \fBREADME.customize\fR and search near the end
of the Amavisd program for "autolearn".
.IP "\fB--[no]by_ccat_summary\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--show_by_ccat_summary \fIboolean\fR"
.PD
Enables (disables) the by contents category summary in the \fBSummary\fR section.
Default: enabled.
.IP "\fB-f \fIconfig_file\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--config_file \fIconfig_file\fR"
.PD
Use an alternate configuration file \fIconfig_file\fR instead of
the default.
This option may be used more than once.
Multiple configuration files will be processed in the order presented on the command line.
See \fBCONFIGURATION FILE\fR below.
.IP "\fB--debug \fIkeywords\fR"
Output debug information during the operation of \fBamavis-logwatch\fR.
The parameter \fIkeywords\fR is one or more comma or space separated keywords.
To obtain the list of valid keywords, use --debug xxx where xxx is any invalid keyword.
.IP "\fB--detail \fIlevel\fR"
Sets the maximum detail level for \fBamavis-logwatch\fR to \fIlevel\fR.
This option is global, overriding any other output limiters described below.

The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR utility
produces a \fBSummary\fR section, a \fBDetailed\fR section, and
additional report sections.
With \fIlevel\fR less than 5, \fBamavis-logwatch\fR will produce
only the \fBSummary\fR section.
At \fIlevel\fR 5 and above, the \fBDetailed\fR section, and any
additional report sections are candidates for output.
Each incremental increase in \fIlevel\fR generates one additional
hierarchical sub-level of output in the \fBDetailed\fR section of the report.
At \fIlevel\fR 10, all levels are output.
Lines that exceed the maximum report width (specified with 
\fBmax_report_width\fR) will be cut.
Setting \fIlevel\fR to 11 will prevent lines in the report from being cut (see also \fB--line_style\fR).
.IP "\fB--[no]first_recip_only\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--show_first_recip_only \fIboolean\fR"
.PD
Specifies whether or not to sort by, and show, only the first
recipient when a scanned messages contains multiple recipients.
.IP "\fB--help\fR"
Print usage information and a brief description about command line options.
.IP "\fB--ipaddr_width \fIwidth\fR"
Specifies that IP addresses in address/hostname pairs should be printed
with a field width of \fIwidth\fR characters.
Increasing the default may be useful for systems using long IPv6 addresses.
.IP "\fB-l limiter=levelspec\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--limit limiter=levelspec\fR"
.PD
Sets the level limiter \fIlimiter\fR with the specification \fIlevelspec\fR.
.IP "\fB--line_style \fIstyle\fR"
Specifies how to handle long report lines.
Three styles are available: \fBfull\fR, \fBtruncate\fR, and \fBwrap\fR.
Setting \fIstyle\fR to \fBfull\fR will prevent cutting lines to \fBmax_report_width\fR; 
this is what occurs when \fBdetail\fR is 11 or higher.
When \fIstyle\fR is \fBtruncate\fR (the default), 
long lines will be truncated according to \fBmax_report_width\fR.
Setting \fIstyle\fR to \fBwrap\fR will wrap lines longer than \fBmax_report_width\fR such that
left column hit counts are not obscured.
This option takes precedence over the line style implied by the \fBdetail\fR level.
The options \fB--full\fR, \fB--truncate\fR, and \fB--wrap\fR are synonyms.

.IP "\fB--nodetail\fR"
Disables the \fBDetailed\fR section of the report, and all supplemental reports.
This option provides a convenient mechanism to quickly disable all sections
under the \fBDetailed\fR report, where subsequent command line
options may re-enable one or more sections to create specific reports.

.PD 0
.IP "\fB--sarules \fR\`\fIS,H\fR\'"
.IP "\fB--sarules default"
.PD
Enables the SpamAssassin Rules Hit report.
The comma-separated \fIS\fR and \fIH\fR arguments are top N values for the Spam and Ham
reports, respectively, and can be any integer greater than or equal to 0, or the keyword \fBall\fR.
The keyword \fBdefault\fR uses the built-in default values.
.IP "\fB--nosarules\fR"
Disables the SpamAssassin Rules Hit report.

.PD 0
.IP "\fB--sa_timings \fR\fInrows\fR"
Enables the SpamAssassin Timings percentiles report.
The report can be limited to the top N rows with the \fInrows\fR argument.
This report requires Amavis 2.6+ and SpamAssassin 3.3+.
.PD
.IP "\fB--sa_timings_percentiles \fR\`\fIP1 [P2 ...]\fR\'"
Specifies the percentiles shown in the SpamAssassin Timings report.
The arguments \fIP1 ...\fR are integers from 0 to 100 inclusive.
Their order will be preserved in the report.
.IP "\fB--nosa_timings\fR"
Disables the SpamAssassin Timings report.
.IP "\fB--version\fR"
Print \fBamavis-logwatch\fR version information.

.PD 0
.IP "\fB--score_frequencies \fR\`\fIB1 [B2 ...]\fR\'"
.IP "\fB--score_frequencies default"
.PD
Enables the Spam Score Frequency report.
The arguments \fIB1 ...\fR are frequency distribution buckets, and can be any real numbers.
Their order will be preserved in the report.
The keyword \fBdefault\fR uses the built-in default values.
.IP "\fB--noscore_frequencies\fR"
Disables the Spam Score Frequency report.

.PD 0
.IP "\fB--score_percentiles \fR\`\fIP1 [P2 ...]\fR\'"
.IP "\fB--score_percentiles default"
.PD
Enables the Spam Score Percentiles report.
The arguments \fIP1 ...\fR specify the percentiles shown in the report,
and are integers from 0 to 100 inclusive.
The keyword \fBdefault\fR uses the built-in default values.
.IP "\fB--noscore_percentiles\fR"
Disables the Spam Score Percentiles report.

.IP "\fB--[no]sect_vars\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--show_sect_vars \fIboolean\fR"
.PD
Enables (disables) supplementing each \fBDetailed\fR section title
with the name of that section's level limiter.
The name displayed is the command line option (or configuration
file variable) used to limit that section's output.
.
With the large number of level limiters available in \fBamavis-logwatch\fR,
this a convenient mechanism for determining exactly which level limiter
affects a section.
.IP "\fB--[no]startinfo\fR"
.PD 0
.IP "\fB--show_startinfo \fIboolean\fR"
.PD
Enables (disables) the Amavis startup report showing most recent Amavis startup details.
.IP "\fB--[no]summary\fR"
.IP "\fB--show_summary\fR"
Enables (disables) displaying of the the \fBSummary\fR section of the report.
The variable Amavis_Show_Summary in used in a configuration file.
.IP "\fB--syslog_name \fInamepat\fR"
Specifies the syslog service name that \fBamavis-logwatch\fR uses
to match syslog lines.
Only log lines whose service name matches
the perl regular expression \fInamepat\fR will be used by
\fBamavis-logwatch\fR; all non-matching lines are silently ignored.
This is useful when a pre-installed Amavis package uses a name
other than the default (\fBamavis\fR).

\fBNote:\fR if you use parenthesis in your regular expression, be sure they are cloistering
and not capturing: use  \fB(?:\fIpattern\fB)\fR instead of \fB(\fIpattern\fB)\fR.

.PD 0
.IP "\fB--timings \fR\fIpercent\fR"
Enables the Amavis Scan Timings percentiles report.
The report can be top N-percent limited with the \fIpercent\fR argument.
.PD
.IP "\fB--timings_percentiles \fR\`\fIP1 [P2 ...]\fR\'"
Specifies the percentiles shown in the Scan Timings report.
The arguments \fIP1 ...\fR are integers from 0 to 100 inclusive.
Their order will be preserved in the report.
.IP "\fB--notimings\fR"
Disables the Amavis Scan Timings report.
.IP "\fB--version\fR"
Print \fBamavis-logwatch\fR version information.

.SS Level Limiters
.PP
The output of every section in the \fBDetailed\fR report is controlled by a level limiter.
The name of the level limiter variable will be output when the \fBsect_vars\fR option is set.
Level limiters are set either via command line in standalone mode with \fB--limit \fIlimiter\fB=\fIlevelspec\fR option,
or via configuration file variable \fB$amavis_\fIlimiter\fB=\fIlevelspec\fR.
Each limiter requires a \fIlevelspec\fR argument, which is described below in \fBLEVEL CONTROL\fR.

The list of level limiters is shown below.

.de TQ
.  br
.  ns
.  TP \\$1
..

.PD 0
.PP
Amavis major contents category (ccatmajor) sections, listed in order of priority:
VIRUS, BANNED, UNCHECKED, SPAM, SPAMMY, BADH, OVERSIZED, MTA, CLEAN.

.IP "\fBMalwareBlocked"
.IP "\fBMalwarePassed"
Blocked or passed messages that contain malware (ccatmajor: VIRUS).

.IP "\fBBannedNameBlocked"
.IP "\fBBannedNamePassed"
Blocked or passed messages that contain banned names in MIME parts (ccatmajor: BANNED).

.IP "\fBUncheckedBlocked"
.IP "\fBUncheckedPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that were not checked by a virus scanner or SpamAssassin (Amavis ccatmajor: UNCHECKED).

.IP "\fBSpamBlocked"
.IP "\fBSpamPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that were considered spam that reached kill level (Amavis ccatmajor: SPAM)

.IP "\fBSpammyBlocked"
.IP "\fBSpammyPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that were considered spam, but did not reach kill level (Amavis ccatmajor: SPAMMY)

.IP "\fBBadHeaderBlocked"
.IP "\fBBadHeaderPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that contain bad mail headers (ccatmajor: BAD-HEADER).

.IP "\fBOversizedBlocked"
.IP "\fBOversizedPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that were considered oversized (Amavis ccatmajor: OVERSIZED).

.IP "\fBMtaBlocked"
.IP "\fBMtaPassed"
Blocked or passed messages due to failure to re-inject to MTA (Amavis ccatmajor: MTA-BLOCKED).
Occurrences of this event indicates a configuration problem.
[ note: I don't believe mtapassed occurs, but exists for completeness.]

.IP "\fBOtherBlocked"
.IP "\fBOtherPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that are not any of other major contents categories (Amavis ccatmajor: OTHER).


.IP "\fBTempFailBlocked"
.IP "\fBTempfailPassed"
Blocked or passed messages that had a temporary failure (Amavis ccatmajor: TEMPFAIL)

.IP "\fBCleanBlocked"
.IP "\fBCleanPassed "
Messages blocked or passed which were considered clean (Amavis ccatmajor: CLEAN; i.e. non-spam, non-viral).

.PP
Other sections, arranged alphabetically:

.IP "\fBAvConnectFailure"
Problems connecting to Anti-Virus scanner(s).

.IP "\fBAvTimeout"
Timeouts awaiting responses from Anti-Virus scanner(s).

.IP "\fBArchiveExtract"
Archive extraction problems.

.IP "\fBBadHeaderSupp"
Supplemental debug information regarding messages containing bad mail headers.

.IP "\fBBayes"
Messages frequencies by Bayesian probability buckets.

.IP "\fBBadAddress"
Invalid mail address syntax.

.IP "\fBBlacklisted"
Messages that were (soft-)blacklisted.  See also Whitelisted below.

.IP "\fBBounceKilled"
.IP "\fBBounceRescued"
.IP "\fBBounceUnverifiable"
Disposition of incoming bounce messages (DSNs).

.IP "\fBContentType"
MIME attachment breakdown by type/subtype.

.IP "\fBDccError"
Errors encountered with or returned by DCC.

.IP "\fBDefangError"
Errors encountered during defang process.

.IP "\fBDefanged"
Messages defanged (rendered harmless).

.IP "\fBDsnNotification"
Errors encountered during attempt to send delivery status notification.

.IP "\fBDsnSuppressed"
Delivery status notification (DSN) intentionally suppressed.

.IP "\fBExtraModules"
Additional code modules Amavis loaded during runtime.

.IP "\fBFakeSender"
Forged sender addresses, as determined by Amavis.

.IP "\fBFatal"
Fatal events.  These are presented at the top of the report, as they may require attention.

.IP "\fBLocalDeliverySkipped"
Failures delivering to a local address.

.IP "\fBMalwareByScanner"
Breakdown of malware by scanner(s) that detected the malware.

.IP "\fBMimeError"
Errors encountered during MIME extraction.

.IP "\fBPanic"
Panic events.  These are presented at the top of the report, as they may require attention.

.IP "\fBp0f"
Passive fingerprint (p0f) hits, grouped by mail contents type (virus, unchecked, banned, spam, ham),
next by operating system genre, and finally by IP address.
Note: Windows systems are refined by Windows OS version, whereas versions of other operating systems
are grouped generically.

.IP "\fBReleased"
Messages that were released from Amavis quarantine.

.IP "\fBSADiags"
Diagnostics as reported from SpamAssassin.

.IP "\fBSmtpResponse"
SMTP responses received during dialog with MTA.  These log entries are primarly debug.

.IP "\fBTmpPreserved"
Temporary directories preserved by Amavis when some component encounters a problem or failure.
Directories listed and their corresponding log entries should be evaluated for problems.

.IP "\fBVirusScanSkipped"
Messages that could not be scanned by a virus scanner.

.IP "\fBWarning"
Warning events not categorized in specific warnings below.
These are presented at the top of the report, as they may require attention.

.IP "\fBWarningAddressModified"
Incomplete email addresses modified by Amavis for safety.

.IP "\fBWarningNoQuarantineId"
Attempts to release a quarantined message that did not contain an X-Quarantine-ID header.

.IP "\fBWarningSecurity \fIlevelspec\fR"
Insecure configuration or utility used by Amavis.

.IP "\fBWarningSmtpShutdown"
Failures during SMTP conversation with MTA.

.IP "\fBWarningSql"
Failures to communicate with, or error replies from, SQL service.

.IP "\fBWhitelisted"
Messages that were (soft-)whitelisted.  See also Blacklisted above.

.PD
.SH LEVEL CONTROL
.ad
.fi
The \fBDetailed\fR section of the report consists of a number of sub-sections,
each of which is controlled both globally and independently.
Two settings influence the output provided in the \fBDetailed\fR report: 
a global detail level (specified with \fB--detail\fR) which has final (big hammer)
output-limiting control over the \fBDetailed\fR section,
and sub-section specific detail settings (small hammer), which allow further limiting
of the output for a sub-section.
Each sub-section may be limited to a specific depth level, and each sub-level may be limited with top N or threshold limits.
The \fIlevelspec\fR argument to each of the level limiters listed above is used to accomplish this.

It is probably best to continue explanation of sub-level limiting with the following well-known outline-style hierarchy, and
some basic examples:
.nf

    level 0
       level 1
          level 2
             level 3
                level 4
                level 4
          level 2
             level 3
                level 4
                level 4
                level 4
             level 3
                level 4
             level 3
       level 1
          level 2
             level 3
                level 4
.fi
.PP
The simplest form of output limiting suppresses all output below a specified level.
For example, a \fIlevelspec\fR set to "2" shows only data in levels 0 through 2.
Think of this as collapsing each sub-level 2 item, thus hiding all inferior levels (3, 4, ...),
to yield:
.nf

    level 0
       level 1
          level 2
          level 2
       level 1
          level 2
.fi
.PP
Sometimes the volume of output in a section is too great, and it is useful to suppress any data that does not exceed a certain threshold value.
Consider a dictionary spam attack, which produces very lengthy lists of hit-once recipient email or IP addresses.
Each sub-level in the hierarchy can be threshold-limited by setting the \fIlevelspec\fR appropriately.
Setting \fIlevelspec\fR to the value "2::5" will suppress any data at level 2 that does not exceed a hit count of 5.
.PP
Perhaps producing a top N list, such as top 10 senders, is desired.
A \fIlevelspec\fR of "3:10:" limits level 3 data to only the top 10 hits.
.PP
With those simple examples out of the way, a \fIlevelspec\fR is defined as a whitespace- or comma-separated list of one or more of the following:
.IP "\fIl\fR"
Specifies the maximum level to be output for this sub-section, with a range from 0 to 10.
if \fIl\fR is 0, no levels will be output, effectively disabling the sub-section
(level 0 data is already provided in the Summary report, so level 1 is considered the first useful level in the \fBDetailed\fR report).
Higher values will produce output up to and including the specified level.
.IP "\fIl\fB.\fIn\fR"
Same as above, with the addition that \fIn\fR limits this section's level 1 output to
the top \fIn\fR items.
The value for \fIn\fR can be any integer greater than 1.
(This form of limiting has less utility than the syntax shown below. It is provided for
backwards compatibility; users are encouraged to use the syntax below).
.IP "\fIl\fB:\fIn\fB:\fIt\fR"
This triplet specifies level \fIl\fR, top \fIn\fR, and minimum threshold \fIt\fR.
Each of the values are integers, with \fIl\fR being the level limiter as described above, \fIn\fR being
a top \fIn\fR limiter for the level \fIl\fR, and \fIt\fR being the threshold limiter for level \fIl\fR.
When both \fIn\fR and \fIt\fR are specified, \fIn\fR has priority, allowing top \fIn\fR lists (regardless of
threshold value).
If the value of \fIl\fR is omitted, the specified values for \fIn\fR and/or \fIt\fR are used for
all levels available in the sub-section.
This permits a simple form of wildcarding (eg. place minimum threshold limits on all levels).
However, specific limiters always override wildcard limiters.
The first form of level limiter may be included in \fIlevelspec\fR to restrict output, regardless of how many triplets are present.
.PP
All three forms of limiters are effective only when \fBamavis-logwatch\fR's detail level is 5
or greater (the \fBDetailed\fR section is not activated until detail is at least 5).
.PP
See the \fBEXAMPLES\fR section for usage scenarios.
.SH CONFIGURATION FILE
.ad
\fBAmavis-logwatch\fR can read configuration settings from a configuration file.
Essentially, any command line option can be placed into a configuration file, and
these settings are read upon startup.

Because \fBamavis-logwatch\fR can run either standalone or within Logwatch,
to minimize confusion, \fBamavis-logwatch\fR inherits Logwatch's configuration
file syntax requirements and conventions.
These are:
.IP \(bu 4'. 
White space lines are ignored.
.IP \(bu 4'. 
Lines beginning with \fB#\fR are ignored
.IP \(bu 4'. 
Settings are of the form:
.nf

        \fIoption\fB = \fIvalue\fR

.fi
.IP \(bu 4'. 
Spaces or tabs on either side of the \fB=\fR character are ignored.
.IP \(bu 4'. 
Any \fIvalue\fR protected in double quotes will be case-preserved.
.IP \(bu 4'. 
All other content is reduced to lowercase (non-preserving, case insensitive).
.IP \(bu 4'. 
All \fBamavis-logwatch\fR configuration settings must be prefixed with "\fB$amavis_\fR" or
\fBamavis-logwatch\fR will ignore them.
.IP \(bu 4'. 
When running under Logwatch, any values not prefixed with "\fB$amavis_\fR" are
consumed by Logwatch; it only passes to \fBamavis-logwatch\fR (via environment variable)
settings it considers valid.
.IP \(bu 4'. 
The values \fBTrue\fR and \fBYes\fR are converted to 1, and \fBFalse\fR and \fBNo\fR are converted to 0.
.IP \(bu 4'. 
Order of settings is not preserved within a configuration file (since settings are passed
by Logwatch via environment variables, which have no defined order).
.PP
To include a command line option in a configuration file,
prefix the command line option name with the word "\fB$amavis_\fR".
The following configuration file setting and command line option are equivalent:
.nf

        \fB$amavis_Line_Style = Truncate\fR

        \fB--line_style Truncate\fR

.fi
Level limiters are also prefixed with \fB$amavis_\fR, but on the command line are specified with the \fB--limit\fR option:
.nf

        \fB$amavis_SpamBlocked = 2\fR

        \fB--limit SpamBlocked=2\fR

.fi


The order of command line options and configuration file processing occurs as follows:
1) The default configuration file is read if it exists and no \fB--config_file\fR was specified on a command line.
2) Configuration files are read and processed in the order found on the command line.
3) Command line options override any options already set either via command line or from any configuration file.

Command line options are interpreted when they are seen on the command line, and later options will override previously set options.


.SH "EXIT STATUS"
.na
.nf
.ad
.fi
The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR utility exits with a status code of 0, unless an error
occurred, in which case a non-zero exit status is returned.
.SH "EXAMPLES"
.na
.nf
.ad
.fi
.SS Running Standalone
\fBNote:\fR \fBamavis-logwatch\fR reads its log data from one or more named Amavis log files, or from STDIN.
For brevity, where required, the examples below use the word \fIfile\fR as the command line
argument meaning \fI/path/to/amavis.log\fR.
Obviously you will need to substitute \fIfile\fR with the appropriate path.
.nf
.PP
To run \fBamavis-logwatch\fR in standalone mode, simply run:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBamavis-logwatch \fIfile\fR
.RE 0
.nf
.PP
A complete list of options and basic usage is available via:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBamavis-logwatch --help\fR
.RE 0
.nf
.PP
To print a summary only report of Amavis log data:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBamavis-logwatch --detail 1 \fIfile\fR
.RE 0
.fi
.PP
To produce a summary report and a one-level detail report for May 25th:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBgrep 'May 25' \fIfile\fB | amavis-logwatch --detail 5\fR
.RE 0
.fi
.PP
To produce only a top 10 list of Sent email domains, the summary report and detailed reports
are first disabled. Since commands line options are read and enabled left-to-right,
the Sent section is re-enabled to level 1 with a level 1 top 10 limiter:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBamavis-logwatch --nosummary --nodetail \\
   --limit spamblocked '1 1:10:' \fIfile\fR
.RE 0
.fi
.PP
The following command and its sample output shows a more complex level limiter example.
The command gives the top 4 spam blocked recipients (level 1), and under with each recipient
the top 2 sending IPs (level 2) and finally below that, only envelope from addresses (level 3) with hit counts
greater than 6.
Ellipses indicate top N or threshold-limited data:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBamavis-logwatch --nosummary --nodetail \\
        --limit spamblocked '1:4: 2:2: 3::6' \fIfile\fR
.nf

19346   Spam blocked -----------------------------------
  756      joe@example.com
   12         10.0.0.1
   12            <>
   12         10.99.99.99
   12            <>
	     ...
  640      fred@example.com
    8         10.0.0.1
    8            <>
    8         192.168.3.19
    8            <>
	     ...
  595      peter@sample.net
    8         10.0.0.1
    8            <>
    7         192.168.3.3
    7            <>
	     ...
  547      paul@example.us
    8         192.168.3.19
    8            <>
    7         10.0.0.1
    7            <>
 	      ...
	   ...
.fi
.RE 0
.fi
.SS Running within Logwatch
\fBNote:\fR Logwatch versions prior to 7.3.6, unless configured otherwise, required the \fB--print\fR option to print to STDOUT instead of sending reports via email.
Since version 7.3.6, STDOUT is the default output destination, and the \fB--print\fR option has been replaced
by \fB--output stdout\fR. Check your configuration to determine where report output will be directed, and add the appropriate option to the commands below.
.PP
To print a summary report for today's Amavis log data:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBlogwatch --service amavis --range today --detail 1\fR
.RE 0
.nf
.PP
To print a report for today's Amavis log data, with one level
of detail in the \fBDetailed\fR section:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBlogwatch --service amavis --range today --detail 5\fR
.RE 0
.fi
.PP
To print a report for yesterday, with two levels of detail in the \fBDetailed\fR section:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBlogwatch --service amavis --range yesterday --detail 6\fR
.RE 0
.fi
.PP
To print a report from Dec 12th through Dec 14th, with four levels of detail in the \fBDetailed\fR section:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBlogwatch --service amavis --range \\
        'between 12/12 and 12/14' --detail 8\fR
.RE 0
.PP
To print a report for today, with all levels of detail:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBlogwatch --service amavis --range today --detail 10\fR
.RE 0
.PP
Same as above, but leaves long lines uncropped:
.nf
.RS 4
.PP
\fBlogwatch --service amavis --range today --detail 11\fR
.RE 0
.SS "Amavis Log Level"
.PP
Amavis provides additional log information when the variable 
\fB$log_level\fR is increased above the default 0 value.
This information is used by the \fBamavis-logwatch\fR utility to provide additional reports,
not available with the default \fB$log_level\fR=0 value.
A \fB$log_level\fR of 2 is suggested.
.PP
If you prefer not to increase the noise level in your main mail or Amavis logs,
you can configure syslog to log Amavis' output to multiple log files,
where basic log entries are routed to your main mail log(s) and more detailed
entries routed to an Amavis-specific log file used to feed the \fBamavis-logwatch\fR utility.
.PP
A convenient way to accomplish this is to change the Amavis
configuration variables in \fBamavisd.conf\fR as shown below:
.nf

    amavisd.conf:
        $log_level = 2;
        $syslog_facility = 'local5';
        $syslog_priority = 'debug';

.fi
.PP
This increases \fB$log_level\fR to 2, and sends Amavis' log entries to
an alternate syslog facility (eg. \fBlocal5\fR, user), which can then be
routed to one or more log files, including your main mail log file:
.nf

    syslog.conf:
        #mail.info                         -/var/log/maillog
        mail.info;local5.notice            -/var/log/maillog

        local5.info                        -/var/log/amavisd-info.log

.fi
.PP
\fBAmavis\fR' typical \fB$log_level\fR 0 messages will be directed to both your maillog
and to the \fBamavisd-info.log\fR file, but higher \fB$log_level\fR messages
will only be routed to the \fBamavisd-info.log\fR file.
For additional information on Amavis' logging, search the
file \fBRELEASE_NOTES\fR in the Amavis distribution for:
.nf

    "syslog priorities are now dynamically derived"

.fi
.SH "ENVIRONMENT"
.na
.nf
.ad
.fi
The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR program uses the following (automatically set) environment
variables when running under Logwatch:
.IP \fBLOGWATCH_DETAIL_LEVEL\fR
This is the detail level specified with the Logwatch command line argument \fB--detail\fR
or the \fBDetail\fR setting in the ...conf/services/amavis.conf configuration file.
.IP \fBLOGWATCH_DEBUG\fR
This is the debug level specified with the Logwatch command line argument \fB--debug\fR.
.IP \fBamavis_\fIxxx\fR
The Logwatch program passes all settings \fBamavis_\fIxxx\fR in the configuration file ...conf/services/amavis.conf
to the \fBamavis\fR filter (which is actually named .../scripts/services/amavis) via environment variable.
.SH "FILES"
.na
.nf
.SS Standalone mode
.IP "/usr/local/bin/amavis-logwatch"
The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR program
.IP "/usr/local/etc/amavis-logwatch.conf"
The \fBamavis-logwatch\fR configuration file in standalone mode
.SS Logwatch mode
.IP "/etc/logwatch/scripts/services/amavis"
The Logwatch \fBamavis\fR filter
.IP "/etc/logwatch/conf/services/amavis.conf"
The Logwatch \fBamavis\fR filter configuration file
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.na
.nf
logwatch(8), system log analyzer and reporter
.SH "README FILES"
.na
.ad
.nf
README, an overview of \fBamavis-logwatch\fR
Changes, the version change list history
Bugs, a list of the current bugs or other inadequacies
Makefile, the rudimentary installer
LICENSE, the usage and redistribution licensing terms
.SH "LICENSE"
.na
.nf
.ad
Covered under the included MIT/X-Consortium License:
http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php

.SH "AUTHOR(S)"
.na
.nf
Mike Cappella

.fi
The original \fBamavis\fR Logwatch filter was written by
Jim O'Halloran, and has had many contributors over the years.
They are entirely not responsible for any errors, problems or failures since the current author's
hands have touched the source code.