File: lpc21isp.c

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lpc21isp 1.97-2
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file content (2509 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 96,571 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (3)
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/******************************************************************************

Project:           Portable command line ISP for NXP LPC family
                   and Analog Devices ADUC70xx

Filename:          lpc21isp.c

Compiler:          Microsoft VC 6/7, Microsoft VS2008, Microsoft VS2010,
                   GCC Cygwin, GCC Linux, GCC ARM ELF

Author:            Martin Maurer (Martin.Maurer@clibb.de)

Copyright:         (c) Martin Maurer 2003-2014, All rights reserved
Portions Copyright (c) by Aeolus Development 2004 http://www.aeolusdevelopment.com

    This file is part of lpc21isp.

    lpc21isp is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    any later version.

    lpc21isp is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
    and GNU General Public License along with lpc21isp.
    If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

#if defined(_WIN32)
#if !defined __BORLANDC__
#include "StdAfx.h"        // Precompiled Header for WIN32
#endif
#endif // defined(_WIN32)
#include "lpc21isp.h"   // if using propriatory serial port communication (customize attached lpc21isp.h)
#include "adprog.h"
#include "lpcprog.h"
#include "lpcterm.h"

/*
Change-History:

1.00  2004-01-08  Initial Version, tested for MSVC6/7 and GCC under Cygwin
1.01  2004-01-10  Porting to Linux (at least compiling must work)
1.02  2004-01-10  Implemented conversion intel hex format -> binary
1.03  2004-01-25  Preparation to upload to public website
1.04  2004-02-12  Merged in bugfixes by Soeren Gust
1.05  2004-03-14  Implement printing of error codes as text / strings
1.06  2004-03-09  Merged in bugfixes by Charles Manning:
                  The '?' sychronisation does not reliably respond to the first '?'.
                  I added some retries.
                  The LPC2106 sometimes responds to the '?' by echoing them back.
                  This sometimes causes an attempt to match "?Synchonized".
                  Added code to strip off any leading '?'s.
                  Timeouts were too long.
                  Change from RTS/CTS to no flow control.
                  Done because many/most people will use only 3-wire comms.
                  Added some progress tracing.
1.07  2004-03-14  Implement handling of control lines for easier booting
1.08  2004-04-01  Bugfix for upload problem
1.09  2004-04-03  Redesign of upload routine
                  Now always 180 byte blocks are uploaded, to prevent
                  small junks in uuencoding
1.10  2004-04-03  Clear buffers before sending commands to LPC21xx,
                  this prevents synchronizing errors when previously loaded
                  program does a lot of output, so FIFO of PC runs full
1.11  2004-04-03  Small optimization for controlling reset line
                  otherwise termonly starts LPC twice, free PC buffers
1.12  2004-04-04  Add switch to enable logging terminal output to lpc21isp.log
1.13  2004-05-19  Merged in improvement by Charles Manning:
                  Instead of exiting the wrong hex file size is corrected
1.14  2004-07-07  Merged in improvement by Alex Holden:
                  Remove little/big endian dependancy
1.15  2004-09-27  Temporary improvement by Cyril Holweck:
                  Removed test (data echoed = data transmited) on the main
                  data transfert, since this was the biggest failure
                  reason and is covered by checksome anyway.
                  Added COMPILE_FOR_LPC21, to have target dump it's own
                  memory to stdout.
1.16  2004-10-09  Merged in bugfix / improvement by Sinelnikov Evgeny
                  I found out that Linux and Windows serial port initialization
                  are different with pinouts states. My board don't get
                  reset signal at first cycle of DTR pinout moving.
                  And I add this moving to initalization cycle.
1.17  2004-10-21  Changes by Cyril Holweck
                  Divide main, take out the real programming function, that can
                  also be used by a target to copy its own code to another.
1.18  2004-10-26  Changes by Cyril Holweck
                  Added a "G 0 A\r\n" at end of programming to run code.
1.19  2004-11-03  Changes by Robert Adsett
                  Add support for Analog Devices.
                  Separate file load from programming.
                  Change from a debug on/off flag to debug level
                  Remove if (debug) tests and replace with DebugPrintf
                  statements.
                  Change serial I/O and timing so that the system
                  dependancies are isolated to a few portability functions.
                  Add support for binary serial I/O.
                  Add doxygen support.
1.20  2004-11-07  Preparation for multiport booting (factory support)
1.21  2004-11-08  Bugfix from Robert Adsett
                  BinaryLength was not initialized
1.22  2004-11-08  Changes from Cyril Holweck / Evgeny Sinelnikov
                  Forgotten IspEnvironment-> and bugfixes if COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
                  If COMPILE_FOR_LPC21, PhilipsDownload() 'acts as' main():
                  - it should not be static and should return int.
                  - no sub-function can use exit() but only return ()
                  Use 'char' instead of 'byte' ;)
1.23  2005-01-16  Build in automatic detection of LPC chiptype
                  (needed for 256 KByte support)
1.24B 2005-06-02  Changes by Thiadmer Riemersma: completed support for other
                  chip types (LPC213x series and others).
1.24C 2005-06-11  Changes by Thiadmer Riemersma: added the device ID codes for
                  chip types LPC2131 and LPC2132.
1.25  2005-06-19  Martin Maurer: Setup more parameters in DCB,
                  otherwise wrong code is downloaded (only Windows and Cygwin)
                  when a previous program has changed these parameters
                  Check exact string of "G 0 A\r\n0\r\n" instead of whole received buffer,
                  to prevent checking of already received by program start
                  (error on running program, but reports CMD_SUCCESS)
                  Add ifdefs for all baudrates (needed only for high baudrate,
                  which seem to be not available on Macs...)
1.26  2005-06-26  Martin Maurer:
                  Correct check again: "G 0 A\r\n0\r\n" is cutted, because of reboot
                  (error on running program, but reports CMD_SUCCESS)
1.27  2005-06-29  Martin Maurer:
                  Add LPC chip ID's (thanks to Robert from Philips) for
                  missing LPC213x and upcoming new LPC214x chips
                  (currently untested, because i don't have access to these chips,
                  please give me feedback !)
1.28  2005-07-27  Anders Rosvall / Embedded Artists AB:
                  Changed the reset timeout to 500 ms when entering the bootloader.
                  Some external reset controllers have quite long timeout periods,
                  so extening the timeout delay would be a good thing.
1.29  2005-09-14  Rob Jansen:
                  Added functionality to download to RAM and run from there.
                  In LoadFile() added record types 04 (Extended Linear Address Record)
                  and 05 (Start Linear Address Record), added address offset
                  (IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset) and start address (...->StartAddress).
                  Changed PhilipsDownload to skip all Flash prepare/erase/copy commands.
                  Note: Tested with VC7 only
1.30   2005-10-04 Rob Jansen:
                  - forgot to change the version string in 1.29
                  - Wrong text in LoadFile corrected (printed text mentions record type 05,
                    this should be 04
                  - Changed LoadFile to accept multiple record types 04
                  - Changed LoadFile to check on memory size, will not load more than x MB
                    if linear extended address records are used
1.31   2005-11-13 Martin Maurer: Thanks to Frank Gutmann
                  Updated number of sectors in device table
                  for LPC2194, LPC2292 and LPC2294
1.32   2005-12-02 Martin Maurer: Corrected missing control of RTS/DTR
                  in case user selected -termonly and -control
                  Small correction (typo in debug)
1.33   2006-10-01 Jean-Marc Koller:
                  Added support for MacOS X (difference on how to set termios baudrate).
1.34   2006-10-01  Cyril Holweck:
                  Made it compile again for lpc21isp
                  Added const keyword to constant variables to make it better
                  code for embeded target. (decrease RAM usage)
                  Replaced all regular call to printf() by DebugPrintf()
                  Removed call to scanf() (not much usefull and cost a lot to my target)
1.35   2006-22-01 Cyril Holweck
                  Added feature for LPC21: will start downloading at Sector 1 and upward,
                  to finish with Sector 0, the one containing the checksum controling BSL entry
1.36   2006-25-01 Cyril Holweck
                  PhilipsDownload() will now return a unique error code for each error
1.37   2006-10-03 Jeroen Domburg
                  Added LPC2103 (and only the 2103, I can't find the IDs for 2101/2102)
                  Corrected a loop which occured if the program completely fits in sector 0
1.38   2007-01-05 Ray Molenkamp
                  Added feature for LPC21: Wipe entire device before programming to enable
                  reflashing of chips with the lpc codeprotection feature enabled.
1.39   2007-01-12 Martin Maurer
                  Added initial support for new processors LPC23xx and LPC24xx
1.40   2007-01-22 Martin Maurer
                  Correction of chip id of LPC2458
1.41   2007-01-28 Jean-Marc Koller
                  Modified Terminal() to disable ECHO with termios only once, instead of
                  modifying and restoring termios in each getch and kbhit call (which caused
                  a strange echo behaviour in MacOS X).
1.42   2007-01-28 Rob Probin
                  Added -localecho command to allow local echoing in terminal mode for use
                  where target does not echo back keystrokes.
1.43   2007-01-29 Martin Maurer
                  Moved keyboard handling routines to own subroutines,
                  so they can be used during aborting synchronisation.
                  Newest cygwin made problems, StringOscillator always contained '\0x0d'
                  at the end, when calling lpc21isp from batch file
1.44   2007-02-23 Yang Yang
                  Added feature for LPC21: Verify the data in Flash after every writes
                  to sector. To detect errors in writing to Flash ROM.
1.45   2007-02-25 Martin Maurer
                  Replace printf syntax of DumpString by a simple pointer to a string
                  printf syntax is a nice thing, but it is not working :-(
                  and therefore makes debugging much more difficult...
                  Moved VERSION_STR to top of file to avoid possible cosmetical errors
1.46   2007-02-25 Martin Maurer
                  Again corrected debug output: should solve output of
                  (FFFFFFB5) instead of (B5)
1.47   2007-02-27 Robert Adsett
                  Raised timeout on AD send packet function.
1.48   2007-04-20 Martin Maurer
                  Thanks to Josef Wolf for preventing to overwrite over end of array
1.49   2007-10-16 New Option -halfduplex allow single wire using.
                  Implemented and tested only for Windows. Data Resend implemented.
1.50   2007-10-31 Changes by Simon Ellwood
                  Formated the code for readablity
                  Fixed some c++ compiler issues
1.51   2007-11-20 Changes by Simon Ellwood
                  Split into seperate files
                  Made more modular so when used in an embedded mode only the required code is built
1.52   2008-01-22 Changes by Manuel Koeppen
                  Made compileable again for linux and windows
                  Fixed bug in ClearSerialPortBuffers (linux)
1.53   2008-02-25 Changes by Michael Roth
                  Get priority of debug messages with -control right
1.54   2008-03-03 Martin Maurer
                  Try to bring lpc21isp back to a useable state in Windows, Cygwin, Linux and Mac OS.
                  Merged in changes by Erika Stefanini, which were done only for old version 1.49:
                  Added device ids for revision B chips
1.55   2008-03-03 Martin Maurer
                  Thanks to Fausto Marzoli, bugfix for compiling latest version under Linux
1.56   2008-04-01 Steve Franks
                  Integrate FreeBSD patch.
                  Add support for swapping and/or inverting RTS & DTR
1.57   2008-04-06 Mauricio Scaff
                  Changed OpenSerialPort to work with MacOS
                  Corrected the number of sectors in some 512K devices (28 instead of 27)
                  Added support for LPC2387 and LPC2388
                  Defined BL error 19 (Code Protected)
1.58   2008-05-10 Herbert Demmel dh2@demmel.com
                  I had the special requirement to integrate the program into my own Windows
                  software compiled with Borland C++ Builder 5. I had to do some minor changes
                  for Borland (see defined __BORLANDC__) and modified to code slightly to have
                  some simple callbacks for screen i/o (see define INTEGRATED_IN_WIN_APP).
                  Please note that I do *not* check / modify the part for AnalogDevices !!
                  Besides that I fixed some minor issues:
                  added dcb.fOutxCtsFlow = FALSE and dcb.fOutxDsrFlow = FALSE (sometimes required)
                  Now comparing one character less of answer to "Now launching ... code" command
1.59   2008-07-07 Peter Hayward
                  Fixed freeze under Windows XP SP2 by removing redundant call to SetCommMask.
1.60   2008-07-21 Martin Maurer
                  Added uptodate part ids for LPC2458, LPC2468 and LPC2478
                  Add comment "obsolete" for older part ids for LPC2458 and LPC2468
                  Add ", " between compile date and time
1.61   2008-10-21 Fausto Marzoli (thanks to Geoffrey Wossum for the patches)
                  Fix for compiling latest version under Linux and "ControlLinesSwapped" issue
1.62   2008-11-19 Martin Maurer
                  Added (untested) support for LPC2109
                  Added (untested) support for LPC2361 / LPC2362
                  Heavy update of part identification number of LPC23xx and LPC24xx
                  Correct bug, that hex file must exist, when "-detectonly" is used
                  Correct Makefile.vc: use /Fe instead of -o
1.63   2008-11-23 Martin Maurer
                  Changed to GNU Lesser General Public License
1.64   2009-01-19 Steve Franks
                  __FREEBSD__ changed to __FreeBSD__ at some point, plus other com port fixes
1.65   2009-03-26 Vito Marolda
                  Added pre-erasure of sector 0 to invalidate checksum before starting
                  modification of the other sectors, so that the bootloader restarts
                  if programming gets aborted while writing on a non-empty part.
1.66   2009-03-26 Vito Marolda
                  Corrected interpretation of intel hex record 03 which is execution start address
                  and not data segment address
1.67   2009-04-19 SASANO Takayoshi
                  Add OpenBSD support
1.68   2009-05-17 Martin Maurer
                  Merge in changes done by Bruno Quoitin (baudrate problem when __APPLE__ is used)
                  Remove TABs from source code and replaced them with spaces
1.69   2009-06-18 Martin Maurer
                  Add support for LPC17xx devices
1.70   2009-06-29 Martin Maurer
                  Further improvement of LPC17xx support
                  Workaround for booter (4.1) of LPC17xx, which does not echo all sent characters (0D,0A,...)
                  ISP command GO seems to be broken:
                  Sending 'G 196 T(0A)'
                  Answer(Length=15): 'G 196 T(0A)0(0D)(0A)'
                  leads to 'prefetch_abort_exception(0D)(0A)1FFF07A5'
                  No solution known...need your help here...
                  Manual workaround: Use DTR and RTS toggling to start application (e.g. 2 batch files)
1.71   2009-07-19 Martin Maurer
                  Added LPC17xx with CPUID starting with 0x26 (not according user manual)
1.72   2009-09-14 Martin Maurer
                  Add support for LPC13xx devices
1.73   2009-09-14 Martin Maurer
                  Correct again (hopefully the last time) the CPUIDs for some LPC17xx devices
                  (Now according to User Manual LPC17xx Version 00.07 (31 July 2009))
1.74   2009-09-14 Mario Ivancic
                  Added support for multiple HEX files, besed on internal version 1.37B.
                  NOTE: this feature is used in production in 1.37B but is not tested in this version.
                  Added numeric debug level command line switch -debugn, n=[0-5]
                  Added command line scitch -try n to specify nQuestionMarks limit. Default: 100
                  Merged in DoNotStart patch from cgommel_new
                  Static functions declarations moved from lpc21isp.h to this file
                  Modified LoadFile() to return error_code instead exit(1)
                  Removed IspEnvironment.debug_level, all code uses global debug_level
1.75   2010-01-05 Martin Maurer
                  Added support for LPC11xx devices (not tested at all)
                  Changed Product in LPC_DEVICE_TYPE from number to string to distinguish new LPC11 devices
                  Changed "unsigned" to "unsigned int" in LPC_DEVICE_TYPE
1.76   2010-02-01 Published test version without source code
1.77   2010-02-01 Martin Maurer
                  Corrected chip id of LPC1342 and LPC1343
                  Added a new chip type for LPC11xx and LPC13xx microcontrollers
                  Use higher area of RAM with LPC11xx and LPC13xx, because lower RAM is occupied by ISP
                  Add code to lpcprog.c to read unique id, but not yet activate.
                  Adapt block sizes for copying for each model of LPC11xx and LPC13xx
1.78   2010-02-16 Martin Maurer
                  Corrected chip id of LPC1751
                  Added support for LPC1759, LPC1767 and LPC1769
1.79   2010-02-19 Andrew Pines
                  Added __APPLE__ flag to CFLAGS in Makefile to detect and handle OS X
                  Added -Wall to Makefile to report warnings more comprehensively
                  Added #define in lpc21isp.h to substitute strnicmp with strncasecmp (needed for Unix)
                  Fixed a few format specifiers in lpcprog.c to eliminate some warnings
1.80   2010-03-04 Philip Munts
                  Added entries to LPCtypes[] in lpcprog.c for obsolete revisions of LPC2364/6/8/78.
                  Added entry to LPCtypes[] in lpcprog.c for new LPC2387.
1.81   2011-03-30 Mario Ivancic
                  As per message #517 from Thiadmer Riemersma, removed WaitForWatchDog and WatchDogSeconds
                  in PhilipsDownload().
1.82   2011-06-25 Moses McKnight
                  Corrected MaxCopySize for a number of the LPC11xx series
                  Added support for several more LPC11xx and LPC11Cxx series
1.83   2011-08-02 Martin Maurer
                  Thanks to Conurus for detecting and fixing a bug with patching checksum
                  (patching was too early, chip id was not yet available)
                  (Re-)Added code to start downloaded via "G 0 T", when using LPC1xxx
                  (Starting code at position 0 seems to work, compare to comment of version 1.70)
                  Changed some occurances of Philips to NXP
                  Added -static to Makefile (thanks to Camilo)
                  Added support for LPC1311/01 and LPC1313/01 (they have separate identifiers)
                  Correct flash size of LPC1342 to 16 KByte (thanks to Decio)
                  Abort programming when unknown NXP chip id is detected
1.84   2012-09-27 Philip Munts
                  Added chip id's for more LPC11xx parts, per UM10398 Rev. 11 26 July 2012
1.85   2012-12-13 Philip Munts
                  Fixed conditional compilation logic in lpc21isp.h to allow compiling for ARM Linux.
1.86   2012-12-14 diskrepairman
                  Added devices: LPC1114/203 LPC1114/303 LPC1114/323 LPC1114/333 LPC1115/303
1.87   2012-12-18 Philip Munts
                  Added a section of code to ResetTarget() in lpc21isp.c to allow using Linux GPIO pin
                  to control reset and ISP.
1.88   2013-04-25 Torsten Lang, Uwe Schneider GmbH
                  Fixed answer evaluation
                  Added sector tables for LPC1833
                  XON/XOFF handling according to LPC manual
                  Changed COMMTIMEOUTS settings according to MS help
                  Changed waiting code from tick counting to system time usage
                  Set MM timers to 1ms resolution (otherwise waiting in the serial driver is limited to multiples of 10ms)
                  Send all commands with <CR><LF> according to NXP UM
                  Change answer evaluation to match at least LPC17xx and LPC18xx families (LPC17xx just mirrors the first character of
                    the LF sequence, LPC18xx mirrors the first character and adds an <LF> which then will lead to a <CR><LF><LF>
                    sequence, all other lines are terminated with <CR><LF> as documented)
                  Change answer formatting by filtering leading <LF> characters because they can be left over from a previous response
                  Store residual data of an answer (required for the J command which will deliver two words in case of the LPC18xx)
                  Expanded configuration table by second identification word and usage flag
                  Do a two stage scan in case that a device with two identification words is detected
1.89   2013-06-27 Martin Maurer
                  Thanks to Manuel and Henri for bugfixes and speed-ups
                  Bugfix: In case of LPC8XX, XON/XOFF handling must be switched off,
                  otherwise download gets broken, because XON/XOFF are filtered out...
1.90   2013-06-27 Martin Maurer
                  Add checksum calculation for LPC8XX
                  winmm function only available in MSVC, put ifdefs around
                  Workaround for lost characters of LPC8XX
1.91   2013-06-28 Torsten Lang, Uwe Schneider GmbH
                  Minor bugfix for the residual data handling
1.92   2013-06-29 Martin Maurer
                  Thanks to Phil for reporting Linux compile errors
                  Update README
1.93   2013-07-05 Andrew Pines
                  changed Makefile to exclude "-static" from CFLAGS when building for OS X
                  changed serial timeout for *nix to use select
                  added -boothold argument to assert ISP throughtout programming sequence
                  added support for -try<n> command line argument (was in help, didn't actually work)
1.94   2013-08-10 Martin Maurer
                  Add (assumed) part id values for LPC4333 and LPC4337
                  Correct table entries for all LPC43xx part id numbers
                  (missing flag for two word part ids and second word for LPC4333 and LPC4353)
                  Merge in optimization (thanks to Stefan) to skip empty sectors
                  Correct help output of "-boothold"
                  Add workaround table entry for LPC4357 and word1 equal to 0x0EF60000
                  Bugfix for wrong check of word0/word1 combination
                  Correct a lot entries in lpc property table of LPC18xx and LPC43xx
                  LPC18xx and LPC43xx: Add warning message, that wipe erases only bank A
1.95   2014-01-08 Martin Maurer
                  Add a lot of new chip ids for LPC1763, LPC11Exx, LPC11Uxx
                  (completely untested because I don't have these chips)
                  Corrected checking of 2 field chip ids (must be masked)
                  Corrected Makefile (-static)
                  Move while directory with files into a subdirectory
1.96   2014-01-08 Martin Maurer merged changes by Moses McKnight
                  Added devices: LPC1315, LPC1316, LPC1317, LPC1345, LPC1346, LPC1347
                  Add .gitignore file (MM: Removed *.layout)
                  Remove lpc21isp.depend
       2014-01-08 Martin Maurer merged bugfix by smartavionics:
                  - Wrong length in ReceiveComPort
                  - Enable SerialTimeoutTick
       2014-01-08 Martin Maurer merged bugfix by justyn:
                  - Fix the total sector size fields for 1114.../323 and 1114.../333
       2014-01-08 Martin Maurer merged bugfix by imyller:
                  - Support for bad UARTs: added -writedelay command-line switch
1.97   2014-01-09 Martin Maurer
                  Add some new chip ids for LPC11xx
                  Updated .gitignore file (Now with ignored *.layout)
                  Removed *.layout from lpc21isp project
                  Removed *.depend from lpc21isp project
*/

// Please don't use TABs in the source code !!!

// Don't forget to update the version string that is on the next line
#define VERSION_STR "1.97"

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
static char RxTmpBuf[256];        // save received data to this buffer for half-duplex
char * pRxTmpBuf = RxTmpBuf;
#endif

#if !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
int debug_level = 2;
#endif

static void ControlModemLines(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned char DTR, unsigned char RTS);
static unsigned char Ascii2Hex(unsigned char c);

#ifdef COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS
static void SerialTimeoutSet(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned timeout_milliseconds);
static int SerialTimeoutCheck(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment);
#endif // COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS

static int AddFileHex(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *arg);
static int AddFileBinary(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *arg);
static int LoadFile(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *filename, int FileFormat);

/************* Portability layer. Serial and console I/O differences    */
/* are taken care of here.                                              */

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
static void OpenSerialPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    DCB    dcb;
    COMMTIMEOUTS commtimeouts;

#ifdef _MSC_VER
    /* Torsten Lang 2013-05-06 Switch to higher timer resolution (we want to use 1ms timeouts in the serial device driver!) */
    (void)timeBeginPeriod(1UL);
#endif // _MSC_VER

    IspEnvironment->hCom = CreateFile(IspEnvironment->serial_port, GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE,0,NULL,OPEN_EXISTING,FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,NULL);

    if (IspEnvironment->hCom == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "Can't open COM-Port %s ! - Error: %ld\n", IspEnvironment->serial_port, GetLastError());
        exit(2);
    }

    DebugPrintf(3, "COM-Port %s opened...\n", IspEnvironment->serial_port);

    GetCommState(IspEnvironment->hCom, &dcb);
    dcb.BaudRate    = atol(IspEnvironment->baud_rate);
    dcb.ByteSize    = 8;
    dcb.StopBits    = ONESTOPBIT;
    dcb.Parity      = NOPARITY;
    dcb.fDtrControl = DTR_CONTROL_DISABLE;
    dcb.fOutX       = TRUE; // TL TODO - according to LPC manual! FALSE;
    dcb.fInX        = TRUE; // TL TODO - according to LPC manual! FALSE;
    dcb.fNull       = FALSE;
    dcb.fRtsControl = RTS_CONTROL_DISABLE;

    // added by Herbert Demmel - iF CTS line has the wrong state, we would never send anything!
    dcb.fOutxCtsFlow = FALSE;
    dcb.fOutxDsrFlow = FALSE;

    if (SetCommState(IspEnvironment->hCom, &dcb) == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "Can't set baudrate %s ! - Error: %ld", IspEnvironment->baud_rate, GetLastError());
        exit(3);
    }

   /*
    *  Peter Hayward 02 July 2008
    *
    *  The following call is only needed if the WaitCommEvent
    *  or possibly the GetCommMask functions are used.  They are
    *  *not* in this implimentation.  However, under Windows XP SP2
    *  on my laptop the use of this call causes XP to freeze (crash) while
    *  this program is running, e.g. in section 5/6/7 ... of a largish
    *  download.  Removing this *unnecessary* call fixed the problem.
    *  At the same time I've added a call to SetupComm to request
    *  (not necessarity honoured) the operating system to provide
    *  large I/O buffers for high speed I/O without handshaking.
    *
    *   SetCommMask(IspEnvironment->hCom,EV_RXCHAR | EV_TXEMPTY);
    */
    SetupComm(IspEnvironment->hCom, 32000, 32000);

    SetCommMask(IspEnvironment->hCom, EV_RXCHAR | EV_TXEMPTY);

    // Torsten Lang 2013-05-06: ReadFile may hang indefinitely with MAXDWORD/0/1/0/0 on FTDI devices!!!
    commtimeouts.ReadIntervalTimeout         = MAXDWORD;
    commtimeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier  = MAXDWORD;
    commtimeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant    =    1;
    commtimeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier =    0;
    commtimeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant   =    0;
    SetCommTimeouts(IspEnvironment->hCom, &commtimeouts);
}
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
static void OpenSerialPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    IspEnvironment->fdCom = open(IspEnvironment->serial_port, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY | O_NONBLOCK);

    if (IspEnvironment->fdCom < 0)
    {
        int err = errno;
        DebugPrintf(1, "Can't open COM-Port %s ! (Error: %dd (0x%X))\n", IspEnvironment->serial_port, err, err);
        exit(2);
    }

    DebugPrintf(3, "COM-Port %s opened...\n", IspEnvironment->serial_port);

    /* clear input & output buffers, then switch to "blocking mode" */
    tcflush(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCOFLUSH);
    tcflush(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCIFLUSH);
    fcntl(IspEnvironment->fdCom, F_SETFL, fcntl(IspEnvironment->fdCom, F_GETFL) & ~O_NONBLOCK);

    tcgetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, &IspEnvironment->oldtio); /* save current port settings */

    bzero(&IspEnvironment->newtio, sizeof(IspEnvironment->newtio));
    IspEnvironment->newtio.c_cflag = CS8 | CLOCAL | CREAD;

#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__OpenBSD__)

    if(cfsetspeed(&IspEnvironment->newtio,(speed_t) strtol(IspEnvironment->baud_rate,NULL,10))) {
                  DebugPrintf(1, "baudrate %s not supported\n", IspEnvironment->baud_rate);
                  exit(3);
              };
#else

#ifdef __APPLE__
#define NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(bps) IspEnvironment->newtio.c_ispeed = IspEnvironment->newtio.c_ospeed = bps;
#else
#define NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(bps) IspEnvironment->newtio.c_cflag |= bps;
#endif

    switch (atol(IspEnvironment->baud_rate))
    {
#ifdef B1152000
          case 1152000: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B1152000); break;
#endif // B1152000
#ifdef B576000
          case  576000: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B576000); break;
#endif // B576000
#ifdef B230400
          case  230400: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B230400); break;
#endif // B230400
#ifdef B115200
          case  115200: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B115200); break;
#endif // B115200
#ifdef B57600
          case   57600: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B57600); break;
#endif // B57600
#ifdef B38400
          case   38400: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B38400); break;
#endif // B38400
#ifdef B19200
          case   19200: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B19200); break;
#endif // B19200
#ifdef B9600
          case    9600: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(B9600); break;
#endif // B9600

          // Special value
          // case   32000: NEWTERMIOS_SETBAUDARTE(32000); break;

          default:
              {
                  DebugPrintf(1, "unknown baudrate %s\n", IspEnvironment->baud_rate);
                  exit(3);
              }
    }

#endif

    IspEnvironment->newtio.c_iflag = IGNPAR | IGNBRK | IXON | IXOFF;
    IspEnvironment->newtio.c_oflag = 0;

    /* set input mode (non-canonical, no echo,...) */
    IspEnvironment->newtio.c_lflag = 0;

    cfmakeraw(&IspEnvironment->newtio);
    IspEnvironment->newtio.c_cc[VTIME]    = 1;   /* inter-character timer used */
    IspEnvironment->newtio.c_cc[VMIN]     = 0;   /* blocking read until 0 chars received */

    tcflush(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCIFLUSH);
    if(tcsetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCSANOW, &IspEnvironment->newtio))
    {
       DebugPrintf(1, "Could not change serial port behaviour (wrong baudrate?)\n");
       exit(3);
    }

}
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
static void CloseSerialPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    CloseHandle(IspEnvironment->hCom);

#ifdef _MSC_VER
    /* Torsten Lang 2013-05-06 Switch back timer resolution */
    (void)timeEndPeriod(1UL);
#endif // _MSC_VER
}

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
static void CloseSerialPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    tcflush(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCOFLUSH);
    tcflush(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCIFLUSH);
    tcsetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCSANOW, &IspEnvironment->oldtio);

    close(IspEnvironment->fdCom);
}
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
void ControlXonXoffSerialPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned char XonXoff)
{
    DCB dcb;

    GetCommState(IspEnvironment->hCom, &dcb);

    if(XonXoff)
    {
        dcb.fOutX = TRUE;
        dcb.fInX  = TRUE;
    }
    else
    {
        dcb.fOutX = FALSE;
        dcb.fInX  = FALSE;
    }

    if (SetCommState(IspEnvironment->hCom, &dcb) == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "Can't set XonXoff ! - Error: %ld", GetLastError());
        exit(3);
    }
}

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
void ControlXonXoffSerialPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned char XonXoff)
{
    if(tcgetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, &IspEnvironment->newtio))
    {
       DebugPrintf(1, "Could not get serial port behaviour\n");
       exit(3);
    }

    if(XonXoff)
    {
      IspEnvironment->newtio.c_iflag |= IXON;
      IspEnvironment->newtio.c_iflag |= IXOFF;
    }
    else
    {
      IspEnvironment->newtio.c_iflag &= ~IXON;
      IspEnvironment->newtio.c_iflag &= ~IXOFF;
    }

    if(tcsetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCSANOW, &IspEnvironment->newtio))
    {
       DebugPrintf(1, "Could not set serial port behaviour\n");
       exit(3);
    }
}
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX

/***************************** SendComPortBlock *************************/
/**  Sends a block of bytes out the opened com port.
\param [in] s block to send.
\param [in] n size of the block.
*/
void SendComPortBlock(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const void *s, size_t n)
{
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

    unsigned long realsize;
    size_t m;
    unsigned long rxsize;
    char * pch;
    char * rxpch;
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

    DumpString(4, s, n, "Sending ");

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

    if (IspEnvironment->HalfDuplex == 0)
    {
        WriteFile(IspEnvironment->hCom, s, n, &realsize, NULL);
    }
    else
    {
        pch = (char *)s;
        rxpch = RxTmpBuf;
        pRxTmpBuf = RxTmpBuf;

        // avoid buffer otherflow
        if (n > sizeof (RxTmpBuf))
            n = sizeof (RxTmpBuf);

        for (m = 0; m < n; m++)
        {
            WriteFile(IspEnvironment->hCom, pch, 1, &realsize, NULL);

            if ((*pch != '?') || (n != 1))
            {
                do
                {
                    ReadFile(IspEnvironment->hCom, rxpch, 1, &rxsize, NULL);
                }while (rxsize == 0);
            }
            pch++;
            rxpch++;
        }
        *rxpch = 0;        // terminate echo string
    }
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

    write(IspEnvironment->fdCom, s, n);

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

    if (IspEnvironment->WriteDelay == 1)
    {
        Sleep(100); // 100 ms delay after each block (makes lpc21isp to work with bad UARTs)
    }
}

/***************************** SendComPort ******************************/
/**  Sends a string out the opened com port.
\param [in] s string to send.
*/
void SendComPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *s)
{
    SendComPortBlock(IspEnvironment, s, strlen(s));
}

/***************************** SerialTimeoutTick ************************/
/**  Performs a timer tick.  In this simple case all we do is count down
with protection against underflow and wrapping at the low end.
*/
static void SerialTimeoutTick(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    if (IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count <= 1)
    {
        IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count = 0;
    }
    else
    {
        IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count--;
    }
}

/***************************** ReceiveComPortBlock **********************/
/**  Receives a buffer from the open com port. Returns all the characters
ready (waits for up to 'n' milliseconds before accepting that no more
characters are ready) or when the buffer is full. 'n' is system dependant,
see SerialTimeout routines.
\param [out] answer buffer to hold the bytes read from the serial port.
\param [in] max_size the size of buffer pointed to by answer.
\param [out] real_size pointer to a long that returns the amout of the
buffer that is actually used.
*/
static void ReceiveComPortBlock(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment,
                                          void *answer, unsigned long max_size,
                                          unsigned long *real_size)
{
    char tmp_string[32];

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

    if (IspEnvironment->HalfDuplex == 0)
        ReadFile(IspEnvironment->hCom, answer, max_size, real_size, NULL);
    else
    {
        *real_size = strlen (pRxTmpBuf);
        if (*real_size)
        {
            if (max_size >= *real_size)
            {
                strncpy((char*) answer, pRxTmpBuf, *real_size);
                RxTmpBuf[0] = 0;
                pRxTmpBuf = RxTmpBuf;
            }
            else
            {
                strncpy((char*) answer, pRxTmpBuf, max_size);
                *real_size = max_size;
                pRxTmpBuf += max_size;
            }
        }
        else
            ReadFile(IspEnvironment->hCom, answer, max_size, real_size, NULL);
    }

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

    *real_size = read(IspEnvironment->fdCom, answer, max_size);

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
    {
        fd_set
            readSet;
        struct timeval
            timeVal;

        FD_ZERO(&readSet);                             // clear the set
        FD_SET(IspEnvironment->fdCom,&readSet);        // add this descriptor to the set
        timeVal.tv_sec=0;                              // set up the timeout waiting for one to come ready (500ms)
        timeVal.tv_usec=500*1000;
        if(select(FD_SETSIZE,&readSet,NULL,NULL,&timeVal)==1)    // wait up to 500 ms or until our data is ready
        {
            *real_size=read(IspEnvironment->fdCom, answer, max_size);
        }
        else
        {
            // timed out, show no characters received and timer expired
            *real_size=0;
            IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count=0;
        }
    }
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX

    sprintf(tmp_string, "Read(Length=%ld): ", (*real_size));
    DumpString(5, answer, (*real_size), tmp_string);

    if (*real_size == 0)
    {
        SerialTimeoutTick(IspEnvironment);
    }
}


/***************************** SerialTimeoutSet *************************/
/**  Sets (or resets) the timeout to the timout period requested.  Starts
counting to this period.  This timeout support is a little odd in that the
timeout specifies the accumulated deadtime waiting to read not the total
time waiting to read. They should be close enought to the same for this
use. Used by the serial input routines, the actual counting takes place in
ReceiveComPortBlock.
\param [in] timeout_milliseconds the time in milliseconds to use for
timeout.  Note that just because it is set in milliseconds doesn't mean
that the granularity is that fine.  In many cases (particularly Linux) it
will be coarser.
*/
static void SerialTimeoutSet(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned timeout_milliseconds)
{
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
    IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count = timeout_milliseconds / 100;
#elif defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
    IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count = timeout_milliseconds * 200;
#else
#ifdef _MSC_VER
    IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count = timeGetTime() + timeout_milliseconds;
#else
    IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count = timeout_milliseconds;
#endif // _MSC_VER
#endif
}



/***************************** SerialTimeoutCheck ***********************/
/**  Check to see if the serial timeout timer has run down.
\retval 1 if timer has run out.
\retval 0 if timer still has time left.
*/
static int SerialTimeoutCheck(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
#ifdef _MSC_VER
    if ((signed long)(IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count - timeGetTime()) < 0)
    {
        return 1;
    }
#else
    if (IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count == 0)
    {
        return 1;
    }
#endif // _MSC_VER
#else
    if (IspEnvironment->serial_timeout_count == 0)
    {
        return 1;
    }
#endif
    return 0;
}


#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
/***************************** getch ************************************/
/** Replacement for the common dos function of the same name. Reads a
single unbuffered character from the 'keyboard'.
\return The character read from the keyboard.
*/
int getch(void)
{
    char ch;

    /* Read in one character */
    read(0,&ch,1);

    return ch;
}
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
/***************************** kbhit ************************************/
/** Replacement for the common dos function of the same name. Indicates if
there are characters to be read from the console.
\retval 0 No characters ready.
\retval 1 Characters from the console ready to be read.
*/
int kbhit(void)
{
    /* return 0 for no key pressed, 1 for key pressed */
    int return_value = 0;

    /* time struct for the select() function, to only wait a little while */
    struct timeval select_time;
    /* file descriptor variable for the select() call */
    fd_set readset;

    /* we're only interested in STDIN */
    FD_ZERO(&readset);
    FD_SET(STDIN_FILENO, &readset);

    /* how long to block for - this must be > 0.0, but could be changed
    to some other setting. 10-18msec seems to work well and only
    minimally load the system (0% CPU loading) */
    select_time.tv_sec = 0;
    select_time.tv_usec = 10;

    /* is there a keystroke there? */
    if (select(1, &readset, NULL, NULL, &select_time))
    {
        /* yes, remember it */
        return_value = 1;
    }


    /* return with what we found out */
    return return_value;
}
struct termios keyboard_origtty;
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN


/***************************** PrepareKeyboardTtySettings ***************/
/** Set the keyboard tty to be able to check for new characters via kbhit
getting them via getch
*/

void PrepareKeyboardTtySettings(void)
{
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
    /* store the current tty settings */
    if (!tcgetattr(0, &keyboard_origtty))
    {
        struct termios tty;
        /* start with the current settings */
        tty = keyboard_origtty;
        /* make modifications to put it in raw mode, turn off echo */
        tty.c_lflag &= ~ICANON;
        tty.c_lflag &= ~ECHO;
        tty.c_lflag &= ~ISIG;
        tty.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
        tty.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;

        /* put the settings into effect */
        tcsetattr(0, TCSADRAIN, &tty);
    }
#endif
}


/***************************** ResetKeyboardTtySettings *****************/
/** Reset the keyboard tty to original settings
*/
void ResetKeyboardTtySettings(void)
{
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
    /* reset the tty to its original settings */
    tcsetattr(0, TCSADRAIN, &keyboard_origtty);
#endif
}


#if !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
/***************************** ControlModemLines ************************/
/**  Controls the modem lines to place the microcontroller into various
states during the programming process.
error rather abruptly terminates the program.
\param [in] DTR the state to set the DTR line to.
\param [in] RTS the state to set the RTS line to.
*/
static void ControlModemLines(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned char DTR, unsigned char RTS)
{
    //handle wether to invert the control lines:
    DTR ^= IspEnvironment->ControlLinesInverted;
    RTS ^= IspEnvironment->ControlLinesInverted;

    //handle wether to swap the control lines
    if (IspEnvironment->ControlLinesSwapped)
    {
        unsigned char tempRTS;
        tempRTS = RTS;
        RTS = DTR;
        DTR = tempRTS;
    }

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
    int status;

    if (ioctl(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TIOCMGET, &status) == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf(3, "ioctl get ok, status = %X\n",status);
    }
    else
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "ioctl get failed\n");
    }

    if (DTR) status |=  TIOCM_DTR;
    else    status &= ~TIOCM_DTR;

    if (RTS) status |=  TIOCM_RTS;
    else    status &= ~TIOCM_RTS;

    if (ioctl(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TIOCMSET, &status) == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf(3, "ioctl set ok, status = %X\n",status);
    }
    else
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "ioctl set failed\n");
    }

    if (ioctl(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TIOCMGET, &status) == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf(3, "ioctl get ok, status = %X\n",status);
    }
    else
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "ioctl get failed\n");
    }

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

    if (DTR) EscapeCommFunction(IspEnvironment->hCom, SETDTR);
    else    EscapeCommFunction(IspEnvironment->hCom, CLRDTR);

    if (RTS) EscapeCommFunction(IspEnvironment->hCom, SETRTS);
    else    EscapeCommFunction(IspEnvironment->hCom, CLRRTS);

#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN

#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
    LPC_RESET(DTR);
    LPC_BSL(RTS);
#endif

    DebugPrintf(3, "DTR (%d), RTS (%d)\n", DTR, RTS);
}


/***************************** ClearSerialPortBuffers********************/
/**  Empty the serial port buffers.  Cleans things to a known state.
*/
void ClearSerialPortBuffers(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
    /* variables to store the current tty state, create a new one */
    struct termios origtty, tty;

    /* store the current tty settings */
    tcgetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, &origtty);

    // Flush input and output buffers
    tty=origtty;
    tcsetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCSAFLUSH, &tty);

    /* reset the tty to its original settings */
    tcsetattr(IspEnvironment->fdCom, TCSADRAIN, &origtty);
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
#if defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
    PurgeComm(IspEnvironment->hCom, PURGE_TXABORT | PURGE_RXABORT | PURGE_TXCLEAR | PURGE_RXCLEAR);
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_WINDOWS || defined COMPILE_FOR_CYGWIN
}
#endif // !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21


#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX
/***************************** Sleep ************************************/
/**  Provide linux replacement for windows function.
\param [in] Milliseconds the time to wait for in milliseconds.
*/
void Sleep(unsigned long MilliSeconds)
{
    usleep(MilliSeconds*1000); //convert to microseconds
}
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LINUX


#if defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
/**  Provide linux replacement for windows function.
\note I implement that one in my private header file today...
\param [in] Milliseconds the time to wait for in milliseconds.
*/
/*static void Sleep(unsigned long MilliSeconds)
{
#   warning Sleep function not implemented
}
*/
#endif // defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21



/************* Applicationlayer.                                        */

#if !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
/***************************** DebugPrintf ******************************/
/**  Prints a debug string depending the current debug level. The higher
the debug level the more detail that will be printed.  Each print
has an associated level, the higher the level the more detailed the
debugging information being sent.
\param [in] level the debug level of the print statement, if the level
is less than or equal to the current debug level it will be printed.
\param [in] fmt a standard printf style format string.
\param [in] ... the usual printf parameters.
*/
#if !defined INTEGRATED_IN_WIN_APP
void DebugPrintf(int level, const char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list ap;

    if (level <= debug_level)
    {
        char pTemp[2000];
        va_start(ap, fmt);
        //vprintf(fmt, ap);
        vsprintf(pTemp, fmt, ap);
        TRACE(pTemp);
        va_end(ap);
        fflush(stdout);
    }
}
#endif
#endif // !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21


/***************************** ReceiveComPort ***************************/
/**  Receives a buffer from the open com port. Returns when the buffer is
filled, the numer of requested linefeeds has been received or the timeout
period has passed. The bootloaders may send 0x0d,0x0a,0x0a or 0x0d,0x0a as
linefeed pattern
2013-06-28 Torsten Lang
Note: We *could* filter out surplus 0x0a characters like in <CR><LF><LF>
but as we don't know how the individual bootloader behaves we don't want
to wait for possible surplus <LF> (which would slow down the transfer).
Thus, we just terminate after the expected number of <CR><LF> sequences
and leave it to the command handler in lpcprog.c to filter out surplus
<LF> characters which then occur as leading character in answers or
echoed commands.
\param [in] ISPEnvironment.
\param [out] Answer buffer to hold the bytes read from the serial port.
\param [in] MaxSize the size of buffer pointed to by Answer.
\param [out] RealSize pointer to a long that returns the amout of the
buffer that is actually used.
\param [in] WantedNr0x0A the maximum number of linefeeds to accept before
returning.
\param [in] timeOutMilliseconds the maximum amount of time to wait before
reading with an incomplete buffer.
*/
void ReceiveComPort(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment,
                                    const char *Ans, unsigned long MaxSize,
                                    unsigned long *RealSize, unsigned long WantedNr0x0A,
                                    unsigned timeOutMilliseconds)
{
    unsigned long tmp_realsize;
    unsigned long nr_of_0x0A = 0;
    unsigned long nr_of_0x0D = 0;
    int eof = 0;
    unsigned long p;
    unsigned char *Answer;
    unsigned char *endPtr;
    char tmp_string[32];
    static char residual_data[128] = {'\0'};
    int lf = 0;

    Answer  = (unsigned char*) Ans;

    SerialTimeoutSet(IspEnvironment, timeOutMilliseconds);

    *RealSize = 0;
    endPtr = NULL;

    do
    {
        if (residual_data[0] == '\0')
        {
            /* Receive new data */
            ReceiveComPortBlock(IspEnvironment, Answer + (*RealSize), MaxSize - (*RealSize), &tmp_realsize);
        }
        else
        {
            /* Take over any old residual data */
            strcpy((char *)Answer, residual_data);
            tmp_realsize = strlen((char *)Answer);
            residual_data[0] = '\0';
        }

        if (tmp_realsize != 0)
        {
            for (p = (*RealSize); p < (*RealSize) + tmp_realsize; p++)
            {
                /* Torsten Lang 2013-05-06 Scan for 0x0d,0x0a,0x0a and 0x0d,0x0a as linefeed pattern */
                if (Answer[p] == 0x0a)
                {
                    if (lf != 0)
                    {
                        nr_of_0x0A++;
                        lf = 0;
                        if (nr_of_0x0A >= WantedNr0x0A)
                        {
                            endPtr = &Answer[p+1];
                        }
                    }
                }
                else if (Answer[p] == 0x0d)
                {
                    nr_of_0x0D++;
                    lf = 1;
                }
                else if (((signed char) Answer[p]) < 0)
                {
                    eof = 1;
                    lf  = 0;
                }
                else if (lf != 0)
                {
                    nr_of_0x0D++;
                    nr_of_0x0A++;
                    lf = 0;
                    if (nr_of_0x0A >= WantedNr0x0A)
                    {
                        endPtr = &Answer[p+1];
                    }
                }
            }
            (*RealSize) += tmp_realsize;
        }
    } while (((*RealSize) < MaxSize) && (SerialTimeoutCheck(IspEnvironment) == 0) && (nr_of_0x0A < WantedNr0x0A) && !eof);

    /* Torsten Lang 2013-05-06 Store residual data and cut answer after expected nr. of 0x0a */
    Answer[*RealSize] = '\0';
    if (endPtr != NULL)
    {
        strcpy(residual_data, (char *)endPtr);
        *endPtr = '\0';
        /* Torsten Lang 2013-06-28 Update size info */
        *RealSize = endPtr-Answer;
    }

    sprintf(tmp_string, "Answer(Length=%ld): ", (*RealSize));
    DumpString(3, Answer, (*RealSize), tmp_string);
}


#if !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

/***************************** ReceiveComPortBlockComplete **************/
/**  Receives a fixed block from the open com port. Returns when the
block is completely filled or the timeout period has passed
\param [out] block buffer to hold the bytes read from the serial port.
\param [in] size the size of the buffer pointed to by block.
\param [in] timeOut the maximum amount of time to wait before guvung up on
completing the read.
\return 0 if successful, non-zero otherwise.
*/
int ReceiveComPortBlockComplete(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment,
                                                    void *block, size_t size, unsigned timeout)
{
    unsigned long realsize = 0, read;
    char *result;
    char tmp_string[32];

    result = (char*) block;

    SerialTimeoutSet(IspEnvironment, timeout);

    do
    {
        ReceiveComPortBlock(IspEnvironment, result + realsize, size - realsize, &read);

        realsize += read;

    } while ((realsize < size) && (SerialTimeoutCheck(IspEnvironment) == 0));

    sprintf(tmp_string, "Answer(Length=%ld): ", realsize);
    DumpString(3, result, realsize, tmp_string);

    if (realsize != size)
    {
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

/***************************** ReadArguments ****************************/
/**  Reads the command line arguments and parses it for the various
options. Uses the same arguments as main.  Used to separate the command
line parsing from main and improve its readability.  This should also make
it easier to modify the command line parsing in the future.
\param [in] argc the number of arguments.
\param [in] argv an array of pointers to the arguments.
*/
static void ReadArguments(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, unsigned int argc, char *argv[])
{
    unsigned int i;

    if (argc >= 5)
    {
        for (i = 1; i < argc - 3; i++)
        {
            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-wipe") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->WipeDevice = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Wipe entire device before writing.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-bin") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->FileFormat = FORMAT_BINARY;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Binary format file input.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-hex") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->FileFormat = FORMAT_HEX;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Hex format file input.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-logfile") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->LogFile = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Log terminal output.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-detectonly") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->DetectOnly  = 1;
                IspEnvironment->ProgramChip = 0;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Only detect LPC chip part id.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if(strnicmp(argv[i],"-debug", 6) == 0)
            {
                char* num;
                num = argv[i] + 6;
                while(*num && isdigit(*num) == 0) num++;
                if(isdigit(*num) != 0) debug_level = atoi( num);
                else debug_level = 4;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Turn on debug, level: %d.\n", debug_level);
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-boothold") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->BootHold = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "hold EnableBootLoader asserted throughout programming sequence.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-donotstart") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->DoNotStart = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Do NOT start MCU after programming.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if(strnicmp(argv[i],"-try", 4) == 0)
            {
                int
                    retry;
                retry=atoi(&argv[i][4]);
                if(retry>0)
                {
                    IspEnvironment->nQuestionMarks=retry;
                    DebugPrintf(3, "Retry count: %d.\n", IspEnvironment->nQuestionMarks);
                }
                else
                {
                    fprintf(stderr,"invalid argument for -try: \"%s\"\n",argv[i]);
                }
                continue;
            }


            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-control") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->ControlLines = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Use RTS/DTR to control target state.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-controlswap") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->ControlLinesSwapped = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Use RTS to control reset, and DTR to control P0.14(ISP).\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-controlinv") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->ControlLinesInverted = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Invert state of RTS & DTR (0=true/assert/set, 1=false/deassert/clear).\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-halfduplex") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->HalfDuplex = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "halfduplex serial communication.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-writedelay") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->WriteDelay = 1;
                DebugPrintf(3, "Write delay enabled.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-ADARM") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->micro = ANALOG_DEVICES_ARM;
                DebugPrintf(2, "Target: Analog Devices.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-NXPARM") == 0 || stricmp(argv[i], "-PHILIPSARM") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->micro = NXP_ARM;
                DebugPrintf(2, "Target: NXP.\n");
                continue;
            }

            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-Verify") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->Verify = 1;
                DebugPrintf(2, "Verify after copy RAM to Flash.\n");
                continue;
            }

#ifdef INTEGRATED_IN_WIN_APP
            if (stricmp(argv[i], "-nosync") == 0)
            {
                IspEnvironment->NoSync = 1;
                DebugPrintf(2, "Performing no syncing, already done.\n");
                continue;
            }
#endif

#ifdef TERMINAL_SUPPORT
            if (CheckTerminalParameters(IspEnvironment, argv[i]))
            {
                continue;
            }
#endif

            if(*argv[i] == '-') DebugPrintf( 2, "Unknown command line option: \"%s\"\n", argv[i]);
            else
            {
                int ret_val;
                if(IspEnvironment->FileFormat == FORMAT_HEX)
                {
                    ret_val = AddFileHex(IspEnvironment, argv[i]);
                }
                else
                {
                    ret_val = AddFileBinary(IspEnvironment, argv[i]);
                }
                if( ret_val != 0)
                {
                    DebugPrintf( 2, "Unknown command line option: \"%s\"\n", argv[i]);
                }
            }
        }

        // Newest cygwin delivers a '\x0d' at the end of argument
        // when calling lpc21isp from batch file
        for (i = 0; i < strlen(argv[argc - 1]) && i < (sizeof(IspEnvironment->StringOscillator) - 1) &&
            argv[argc - 1][i] >= '0' && argv[argc - 1][i] <= '9'; i++)
        {
            IspEnvironment->StringOscillator[i] = argv[argc - 1][i];
        }
        IspEnvironment->StringOscillator[i] = 0;

        IspEnvironment->serial_port = argv[argc - 3];
        IspEnvironment->baud_rate = argv[argc - 2];
    }

    if (argc < 5)
    {
        debug_level = (debug_level < 2) ? 2 : debug_level;
    }

    if (argc < 5)
    {
        DebugPrintf(2, "\n"
                       "Portable command line ISP\n"
                       "for NXP LPC family and Analog Devices ADUC 70xx\n"
                       "Version " VERSION_STR " compiled for " COMPILED_FOR ": " __DATE__ ", " __TIME__ "\n"
                       "Copyright (c) by Martin Maurer, 2003-2013, Email: Martin.Maurer@clibb.de\n"
                       "Portions Copyright (c) by Aeolus Development 2004, www.aeolusdevelopment.com\n"
                       "\n");

        DebugPrintf(1, "Syntax:  lpc21isp [Options] file[ file[ ...]] comport baudrate Oscillator_in_kHz\n\n"
                       "Example: lpc21isp test.hex com1 115200 14746\n\n"
                       "Options: -bin         for uploading binary file\n"
                       "         -hex         for uploading file in intel hex format (default)\n"
                       "         -term        for starting terminal after upload\n"
                       "         -termonly    for starting terminal without an upload\n"
                       "         -localecho   for local echo in terminal\n"
                       "         -detectonly  detect only used LPC chiptype (NXPARM only)\n"
                       "         -debug0      for no debug\n"
                       "         -debug3      for progress info only\n"
                       "         -debug5      for full debug\n"
                       "         -donotstart  do not start MCU after download\n"
                       "         -try<n>      try n times to synchronise\n"
                       "         -wipe        Erase entire device before upload\n"
                       "         -control     for controlling RS232 lines for easier booting\n"
                       "                      (Reset = DTR, EnableBootLoader = RTS)\n"
                       "         -boothold    hold EnableBootLoader asserted throughout sequence\n"
#ifdef INTEGRATED_IN_WIN_APP
                       "         -nosync      Do not synchronize device via '?'\n"
#endif
                       "         -controlswap swap RS232 control lines\n"
                       "                      (Reset = RTS, EnableBootLoader = DTR)\n"
                       "         -controlinv  Invert state of RTS & DTR \n"
                       "                      (0=true/assert/set, 1=false/deassert/clear).\n"
                       "         -verify      Verify the data in Flash after every writes to\n"
                       "                      sector. To detect errors in writing to Flash ROM\n"
                       "         -logfile     for enabling logging of terminal output to lpc21isp.log\n"
                       "         -halfduplex  use halfduplex serial communication (i.e. with K-Line)\n"
                       "         -writedelay  Add delay after serial port writes (for compatibility)\n"
                       "         -ADARM       for downloading to an Analog Devices\n"
                       "                      ARM microcontroller ADUC70xx\n"
                       "         -NXPARM      for downloading to a chip of NXP LPC family (default)\n");

        exit(1);
    }

    if (IspEnvironment->micro == NXP_ARM)
    {
        // If StringOscillator is bigger than 100 MHz, there seems to be something wrong
        if (strlen(IspEnvironment->StringOscillator) > 5)
        {
            DebugPrintf(1, "Invalid crystal frequency %s\n", IspEnvironment->StringOscillator);
            exit(1);
        }
    }
}

/***************************** ResetTarget ******************************/
/**  Resets the target leaving it in either download (program) mode or
run mode.
\param [in] mode the mode to leave the target in.
*/
void ResetTarget(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, TARGET_MODE mode)
{
#if defined(__linux__) && defined(GPIO_RST) && defined(GPIO_ISP)

// This code section allows using Linux GPIO pins to control the -RST and -ISP
// signals of the target microcontroller.
//
// Build lpc21isp to use Linux GPIO like this:
//
// make CFLAGS="-Wall -DGPIO_ISP=23 -DGPIO_RST=18"
//
// The GPIO pins must be pre-configured in /etc/rc.local (or other startup script)
// similar to the following:
//
// # Configure -ISP signal
// echo 23 >/sys/class/gpio/export
// echo out >/sys/class/gpio/gpio23/direction
// echo 1 >/sys/class/gpio/gpio23/value
// chown root.gpio /sys/class/gpio/gpio23/value
// chmod 660 /sys/class/gpio/gpio23/value
//
// # Configure -RST signal
// echo 18 >/sys/class/gpio/export
// echo out >/sys/class/gpio/gpio18/direction
// echo 1 >/sys/class/gpio/gpio18/value
// chown root.gpio /sys/class/gpio/gpio18/value
// chmod 660 /sys/class/gpio/gpio18/value
//
// Then if the user is a member of the gpio group, lpc21isp will not requre any
// special permissions to access the GPIO signals.

  char gpio_isp_filename[256];
  char gpio_rst_filename[256];
  int gpio_isp;
  int gpio_rst;

  memset(gpio_isp_filename, 0, sizeof(gpio_isp_filename));
  sprintf(gpio_isp_filename, "/sys/class/gpio/gpio%d/value", GPIO_ISP);

  memset(gpio_rst_filename, 0, sizeof(gpio_rst_filename));
  sprintf(gpio_rst_filename, "/sys/class/gpio/gpio%d/value", GPIO_RST);

  gpio_isp = open(gpio_isp_filename, O_WRONLY);
  if (gpio_isp < 0)
  {
    fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: open() for %s failed, %s\n", gpio_isp_filename, strerror(errno));
    exit(1);
  }

  gpio_rst = open(gpio_rst_filename, O_WRONLY);
  if (gpio_rst < 0)
  {
    fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: open() for %s failed, %s\n", gpio_rst_filename, strerror(errno));
    exit(1);
  }

  switch (mode)
  {
    case PROGRAM_MODE :
      write(gpio_isp, "0\n", 2);  // Assert -ISP
      Sleep(100);
      write(gpio_rst, "0\n", 2);  // Assert -RST
      Sleep(500);
      write(gpio_rst, "1\n", 2);  // Deassert -RST
      Sleep(100);
      write(gpio_isp, "1\n", 2);  // Deassert -ISP
      Sleep(100);
      break;;

    case RUN_MODE :
      write(gpio_rst, "0\n", 2);  // Assert -RST
      Sleep(500);
      write(gpio_rst, "1\n", 2);  // Deassert -ISP
      Sleep(100);
      break;;
  }

  close(gpio_isp);
  close(gpio_rst);

  return;
#endif

    if (IspEnvironment->ControlLines)
    {
        switch (mode)
        {
        /* Reset and jump to boot loader.                       */
        case PROGRAM_MODE:
            ControlModemLines(IspEnvironment, 1, 1);
            Sleep(100);
            ClearSerialPortBuffers(IspEnvironment);
            Sleep(100);
            ControlModemLines(IspEnvironment, 0, 1);
            //Longer delay is the Reset signal is conected to an external rest controller
            Sleep(500);
            // Clear the RTS line after having reset the micro
            // Needed for the "GO <Address> <Mode>" ISP command to work */
            if(!IspEnvironment->BootHold)
            {
                ControlModemLines(IspEnvironment, 0, 0);
            }
            break;

        /* Reset and start uploaded program                     */
        case RUN_MODE:
            ControlModemLines(IspEnvironment, 1, 0);
            Sleep(100);
            ClearSerialPortBuffers(IspEnvironment);
            Sleep(100);
            ControlModemLines(IspEnvironment, 0, 0);
            Sleep(100);
            break;
        }
    }
}


/***************************** Ascii2Hex ********************************/
/**  Converts a hex character to its equivalent number value. In case of an
error rather abruptly terminates the program.
\param [in] c the hex digit to convert.
\return the value of the hex digit.
*/
static unsigned char Ascii2Hex(unsigned char c)
{
    if (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
    {
        return (unsigned char)(c - '0');
    }

    if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'F')
    {
        return (unsigned char)(c - 'A' + 10);
    }

    if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'f')
    {
        return (unsigned char)(c - 'a' + 10);
    }

    DebugPrintf(1, "Wrong Hex-Nibble %c (%02X)\n", c, c);
    exit(1);

    return 0;  // this "return" will never be reached, but some compilers give a warning if it is not present
}


/***************************** AddFileHex *******************************/
/**  Add a file to the list of files to read in, flag it as hex format.
\param [in] IspEnvironment Programming environment.
\param [in] arg The argument that was passed to the program as a file name.
\return 0 on success, an error code otherwise.
*/
static int AddFileHex(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *arg)
{
    FILE_LIST *entry;

    // Add file to list.  If cannot allocate storage for node return an error.
    entry = malloc(sizeof(FILE_LIST));
    if( entry == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "Error %d Could not allocated memory for file node %s\n", ERR_ALLOC_FILE_LIST, arg);
        return  ERR_ALLOC_FILE_LIST;
    }

    // Build up entry and insert it at the start of the list.
    entry->name = arg;
    entry->prev = IspEnvironment->f_list;
    entry->hex_flag = 1;
    IspEnvironment->f_list = entry;

    return 0;       // Success.
}


/***************************** AddFileBinary ****************************/
/**  Add a file to the list of files to read in, flag it as binary format.
\param [in] IspEnvironment Programming environment.
\param [in] arg The argument that was passed to the program as a file name.
\return 0 on success, an error code otherwise.
*/
static int AddFileBinary(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *arg)
{
    FILE_LIST *entry;

    // Add file to list. If cannot allocate storage for node return an error.
    entry = malloc(sizeof(FILE_LIST));
    if( entry == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf( 1, "Error %d Could not allocated memory for file node %s\n", ERR_ALLOC_FILE_LIST, arg);
        return  ERR_ALLOC_FILE_LIST;
    }

    // Build up entry and insert it at the start of the list.
    entry->name = arg;
    entry->prev = IspEnvironment->f_list;
    entry->hex_flag = 0;
    IspEnvironment->f_list = entry;

    return 0;       // Success.
}

#if 0
void ReadHexFile(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    LoadFile(IspEnvironment);

    if (IspEnvironment->BinaryLength)
    {
        BINARY* FileContent = IspEnvironment->FileContent;

        unsigned long  Pos;
        unsigned char  RecordLength;
        unsigned short RecordAddress;
        unsigned long  RealAddress = 0;
        unsigned char  RecordType;
        unsigned char  Hexvalue;
        unsigned long  StartAddress;
        int            BinaryOffsetDefined = 0;
        unsigned char  i;


        DebugPrintf(3, "Converting file %s to binary format...\n", IspEnvironment->input_file);

        Pos = 0;
        while (Pos < IspEnvironment->BinaryLength)
        {
            if (FileContent[Pos] == '\r')
            {
                Pos++;
                continue;
            }

            if (FileContent[Pos] == '\n')
            {
                Pos++;
                continue;
            }

            if (FileContent[Pos] != ':')
            {
                DebugPrintf(1, "Missing start of record (':') wrong byte %c / %02X\n", FileContent[Pos], FileContent[Pos]);
                exit(1);
            }

            Pos++;

            RecordLength   = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordLength <<= 4;
            RecordLength  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);

            DebugPrintf(4, "RecordLength = %02X\n", RecordLength);

            RecordAddress   = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordAddress <<= 4;
            RecordAddress  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordAddress <<= 4;
            RecordAddress  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordAddress <<= 4;
            RecordAddress  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);

            DebugPrintf(4, "RecordAddress = %04X\n", RecordAddress);

            RealAddress = RealAddress - (RealAddress & 0xffff) + RecordAddress;

            DebugPrintf(4, "RealAddress = %08lX\n", RealAddress);

            RecordType      = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordType    <<= 4;
            RecordType     |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);

            DebugPrintf(4, "RecordType = %02X\n", RecordType);

            if (RecordType == 0x00)          // 00 - Data record
            {
                /*
                * Binary Offset is defined as soon as first data record read
                */

                //BinaryOffsetDefined = 1;

                // Memory for binary file big enough ?
                while ((RealAddress + RecordLength - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset) > IspEnvironment->BinaryMemSize)
                {
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryMemSize <<= 1;    // Double the size allocated !!!
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryContent = (BINARY*) realloc(IspEnvironment->BinaryContent, IspEnvironment->BinaryMemSize);
                }

                // We need to know, what the highest address is,
                // how many bytes / sectors we must flash
                if (RealAddress + RecordLength - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset > IspEnvironment->BinaryLength)
                {
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryLength = RealAddress + RecordLength - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset;
                    DebugPrintf(3, "Image size now: %ld\n", IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);
                }

                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength; i++)
                {
                    Hexvalue        = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    Hexvalue      <<= 4;
                    Hexvalue       |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryContent[RealAddress + i - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset] = Hexvalue;
                }
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x01)     // 01 - End of file record
            {
                break;
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x02)     // 02 - Extended segment address record
            {
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    RealAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        RealAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        RealAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                RealAddress <<= 4;
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x03)     // 03 - Start segment address record
            {
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    RealAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        RealAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        RealAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                RealAddress <<= 8;
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x04)     // 04 - Extended linear address record, used by IAR
            {
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    RealAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        RealAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        RealAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                RealAddress <<= 16;
                if (!BinaryOffsetDefined)
                {
                    // set startaddress of BinaryContent
                    // use of LPC_FLASHMASK to allow a memory range, not taking the first
                    // [04] record as actual start-address.
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset = RealAddress & LPC_FLASHMASK;
                }
                else
                {
                    if ((RealAddress & LPC_FLASHMASK) != IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset)
                    {
                        DebugPrintf(1, "New Extended Linear Address Record [04] out of memory range\n"
                                       "Current Memory starts at: 0x%08X, new Address is: 0x%08X",
                                       IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset, RealAddress);
                        exit(1);
                    }
                }
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x05)     // 05 - Start linear address record
            {
                StartAddress = 0;
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    StartAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        StartAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        StartAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                DebugPrintf(1,"Start Address = 0x%08X\n", StartAddress);
                IspEnvironment->StartAddress = StartAddress;
            }

            while (FileContent[Pos++] != 0x0a)      // Search till line end
            {
            }
        }

        DebugPrintf(2, "\tconverted to binary format...\n");

        // When debugging is switched on, output result of conversion to file debugout.bin
        if (debug_level >= 4)
        {
            int fdout;
            fdout = open("debugout.bin", O_RDWR | O_BINARY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0777);
            write(fdout, IspEnvironment->BinaryContent, IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);
            close(fdout);
        }
    }
}
#endif // #if 0


/***************************** LoadFile *********************************/
/**  Loads the requested file to download into memory.
\param [in] IspEnvironment  structure containing input filename
\param [in] filename  the name of the file to read in.
\param [in] FileFormat  the format of the file to read in (FORMAT_HEX or FORMAT_BINARY)
\return 0 if successful, otherwise an error code.
*/
static int LoadFile(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const char *filename, int FileFormat)
{
    int            fd;
    int            i;
    int            BinaryOffsetDefined;
    unsigned long  Pos;
    unsigned long  FileLength;
    BINARY        *FileContent;              /**< Used to store the content of a hex */
                                             /*   file before converting to binary.  */
    unsigned long  BinaryMemSize;

    fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
    if (fd == -1)
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "Can't open file %s\n", filename);
        return ERR_FILE_OPEN_HEX;
    }

    FileLength = lseek(fd, 0L, 2);      // Get file size

    if (FileLength == (size_t)-1)
    {
        DebugPrintf(1, "\nFileLength = -1 !?!\n");
        return ERR_FILE_SIZE_HEX;
    }

    lseek(fd, 0L, 0);

    // Just read the entire file into memory to parse.
    FileContent = (BINARY*) malloc(FileLength);

    if( FileContent == 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf( 1, "\nCouldn't allocate enough memory for file.\n");
        return ERR_FILE_ALLOC_HEX;
    }

    BinaryOffsetDefined = 0;

    BinaryMemSize = IspEnvironment->BinaryLength;

    read(fd, FileContent, FileLength);

    close(fd);

    DebugPrintf(2, "File %s:\n\tloaded...\n", filename);

    // Intel-Hex -> Binary Conversion

    if (FileFormat == FORMAT_HEX)
    {
        unsigned char  RecordLength;
        unsigned short RecordAddress;
        unsigned long  RealAddress = 0;
        unsigned char  RecordType;
        unsigned char  Hexvalue;
        unsigned long  StartAddress;

        DebugPrintf(3, "Converting file %s to binary format...\n", filename);

        Pos = 0;
        while (Pos < FileLength)
        {
            if (FileContent[Pos] == '\r')
            {
                Pos++;
                continue;
            }

            if (FileContent[Pos] == '\n')
            {
                Pos++;
                continue;
            }

            if (FileContent[Pos] != ':')
            {
                DebugPrintf(1, "Missing start of record (':') wrong byte %c / %02X\n", FileContent[Pos], FileContent[Pos]);
                exit(1);
            }

            Pos++;

            RecordLength   = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordLength <<= 4;
            RecordLength  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);

            DebugPrintf(4, "RecordLength = %02X\n", RecordLength);

            RecordAddress   = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordAddress <<= 4;
            RecordAddress  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordAddress <<= 4;
            RecordAddress  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordAddress <<= 4;
            RecordAddress  |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);

            DebugPrintf(4, "RecordAddress = %04X\n", RecordAddress);

            RealAddress = RealAddress - (RealAddress & 0xffff) + RecordAddress;

            DebugPrintf(4, "RealAddress = %08lX\n", RealAddress);

            RecordType      = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
            RecordType    <<= 4;
            RecordType     |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);

            DebugPrintf(4, "RecordType = %02X\n", RecordType);

            if (RecordType == 0x00)          // 00 - Data record
            {
                /*
                * Binary Offset is defined as soon as first data record read
                */
                BinaryOffsetDefined = 1;
                // Memory for binary file big enough ?
                while (RealAddress + RecordLength - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset > BinaryMemSize)
                {
                    if(!BinaryMemSize) BinaryMemSize = FileLength * 2;
                    else BinaryMemSize <<= 1;
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryContent = realloc(IspEnvironment->BinaryContent, BinaryMemSize);
                }

                // We need to know, what the highest address is,
                // how many bytes / sectors we must flash
                if (RealAddress + RecordLength - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset > IspEnvironment->BinaryLength)
                {
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryLength = RealAddress + RecordLength - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset;
                    DebugPrintf(3, "Image size now: %ld\n", IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);
                }

                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength; i++)
                {
                    Hexvalue        = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    Hexvalue      <<= 4;
                    Hexvalue       |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryContent[RealAddress + i - IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset] = Hexvalue;
                }
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x01)     // 01 - End of file record
            {
                break;
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x02)     // 02 - Extended segment address record
            {
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    RealAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        RealAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        RealAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                RealAddress <<= 4;
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x03)     // 03 - Start segment address record
            {
                unsigned long cs,ip;
                StartAddress = 0;
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    StartAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        StartAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        StartAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                cs = StartAddress >> 16; //high part
                ip = StartAddress & 0xffff; //low part
                StartAddress = cs*16+ip; //segmented 20-bit space
                DebugPrintf(1,"Start Address = 0x%08X\n", StartAddress);
                IspEnvironment->StartAddress = StartAddress;
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x04)     // 04 - Extended linear address record, used by IAR
            {
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    RealAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        RealAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        RealAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                RealAddress <<= 16;
                if (!BinaryOffsetDefined)
                {
                    // set startaddress of BinaryContent
                    // use of LPC_FLASHMASK to allow a memory range, not taking the first
                    // [04] record as actual start-address.
                    IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset = RealAddress & LPC_FLASHMASK;
                }
                else
                {
                    if ((RealAddress & LPC_FLASHMASK) != IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset)
                    {
                        DebugPrintf(1, "New Extended Linear Address Record [04] out of memory range\n");
                        DebugPrintf(1, "Current Memory starts at: 0x%08X, new Address is: 0x%08X",
                            IspEnvironment->BinaryOffset, RealAddress);
                        return ERR_MEMORY_RANGE;
                    }
                }
            }
            else if (RecordType == 0x05)     // 05 - Start linear address record
            {
                StartAddress = 0;
                for (i = 0; i < RecordLength * 2; i++)   // double amount of nibbles
                {
                    StartAddress <<= 4;
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        StartAddress  = Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        StartAddress |= Ascii2Hex(FileContent[Pos++]);
                    }
                }
                DebugPrintf(1,"Start Address = 0x%08X\n", StartAddress);
                IspEnvironment->StartAddress = StartAddress;
            }
            else
            {
                free( FileContent);
                DebugPrintf( 1, "Error %d RecordType %02X not yet implemented\n", ERR_RECORD_TYPE_LOADFILE, RecordType);
                return( ERR_RECORD_TYPE_LOADFILE);
            }

            while (FileContent[Pos++] != 0x0a)      // Search till line end
            {
            }
        }

        DebugPrintf(2, "\tconverted to binary format...\n");

        // When debugging is switched on, output result of conversion to file debugout.bin
        if (debug_level >= 4)
        {
            int fdout;
            fdout = open("debugout.bin", O_RDWR | O_BINARY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0777);
            write(fdout, IspEnvironment->BinaryContent, IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);
            close(fdout);
        }

        free( FileContent);   // Done with file contents
    }
    else // FORMAT_BINARY
    {
        IspEnvironment->BinaryContent = FileContent;
        IspEnvironment->BinaryLength = FileLength;
    }

    DebugPrintf(2, "\timage size : %ld\n", IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);

    return 0;
}

/***************************** LoadFiles1 ********************************/
/**  Loads the requested files to download into memory.
\param [in] IspEnvironment structure containing input filename(s).
\param [in] file simple linked list of files to read
\return 0 if successful, otherwise an error code.
*/
static int LoadFiles1(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment, const FILE_LIST *file)
{
    int ret_val;

    if( file->prev != 0)
    {
        DebugPrintf( 3, "Follow file list %s\n", file->name);

        ret_val = LoadFiles1( IspEnvironment, file->prev);
    if( ret_val != 0)
    {
      return ret_val;
    }
    }

    DebugPrintf( 3, "Attempt to read File %s\n", file->name);
    if(file->hex_flag != 0)
    {
        ret_val = LoadFile(IspEnvironment, file->name, FORMAT_HEX);
    }
    else
    {
    ret_val = LoadFile(IspEnvironment, file->name, FORMAT_BINARY);
    }
    if( ret_val != 0)
    {
    return ret_val;
    }

    return 0;
}

/***************************** LoadFiles ********************************/
/**  Loads the requested files to download into memory.
\param [in] IspEnvironment structure containing input filename(s).
\param [in] file simple linked list of files to read
\return 0 if successful, otherwise an error code.
*/
static int LoadFiles(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
  int ret_val;

    ret_val = LoadFiles1(IspEnvironment, IspEnvironment->f_list);
    if( ret_val != 0)
    {
    exit(1); // return ret_val;
    }

  DebugPrintf( 2, "Image size : %ld\n", IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);

    // check length to flash for correct alignment, can happen with broken ld-scripts
    if (IspEnvironment->BinaryLength % 4 != 0)
    {
        unsigned long NewBinaryLength = ((IspEnvironment->BinaryLength + 3)/4) * 4;

        DebugPrintf( 2, "Warning:  data not aligned to 32 bits, padded (length was %lX, now %lX)\n", IspEnvironment->BinaryLength, NewBinaryLength);

        IspEnvironment->BinaryLength = NewBinaryLength;
    }

  // When debugging is switched on, output result of conversion to file debugout.bin
    if(debug_level >= 4)
    {
         int fdout;
     DebugPrintf( 1, "Dumping image file.\n");
         fdout = open("debugout.bin", O_RDWR | O_BINARY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0777);
         write(fdout, IspEnvironment->BinaryContent, IspEnvironment->BinaryLength);
         close(fdout);
    }
    return 0;
}
#endif // !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

#ifndef COMPILE_FOR_LPC21
int PerformActions(ISP_ENVIRONMENT *IspEnvironment)
{
    int downloadResult = -1;

    DebugPrintf(2, "lpc21isp version " VERSION_STR "\n");

    /* Download requested, read in the input file.                  */
    if (IspEnvironment->ProgramChip)
    {
        LoadFiles(IspEnvironment);
    }

    OpenSerialPort(IspEnvironment);   /* Open the serial port to the microcontroller. */

    ResetTarget(IspEnvironment, PROGRAM_MODE);

    ClearSerialPortBuffers(IspEnvironment);

    /* Perform the requested download.                              */
    if (IspEnvironment->ProgramChip || IspEnvironment->DetectOnly)
    {
        switch (IspEnvironment->micro)
        {
#ifdef LPC_SUPPORT
        case NXP_ARM:
            downloadResult = NxpDownload(IspEnvironment);
            break;
#endif

#ifdef AD_SUPPORT
        case ANALOG_DEVICES_ARM:
            downloadResult = AnalogDevicesDownload(IspEnvironment);
            break;
#endif
        }

        if (downloadResult != 0)
        {
            CloseSerialPort(IspEnvironment);
            exit(downloadResult);
        }
    }

    if (IspEnvironment->StartAddress == 0 || IspEnvironment->TerminalOnly)
    {
        /* Only reset target if startaddress = 0
        * Otherwise stay with the running program as started in Download()
        */
        ResetTarget(IspEnvironment, RUN_MODE);
    }

    debug_level = 1;    /* From now on there is no more debug output !! */
                                        /* Therefore switch it off...                   */

#ifdef TERMINAL_SUPPORT
    // Pass control to Terminal which will provide a terminal if one was asked for
    // User asked for terminal emulation, provide a really dumb terminal.
    Terminal(IspEnvironment);
#endif

    CloseSerialPort(IspEnvironment);  /*  All done, close the serial port to the      */

    return 0;
}
#endif

/***************************** main *************************************/
/**  main. Everything starts from here.
\param [in] argc the number of arguments.
\param [in] argv an array of pointers to the arguments.
*/

#if !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

#if defined INTEGRATED_IN_WIN_APP
int AppDoProgram(int argc, char *argv[])
#else
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
#endif
{
    ISP_ENVIRONMENT IspEnvironment;

    // Initialize debug level
    debug_level = 2;

    // Initialize ISP Environment
    memset(&IspEnvironment, 0, sizeof(IspEnvironment));       // Clear the IspEnviroment to a known value
    IspEnvironment.micro       = NXP_ARM;                     // Default Micro
    IspEnvironment.FileFormat  = FORMAT_HEX;                  // Default File Format
    IspEnvironment.ProgramChip = TRUE;                        // Default to Programming the chip
    IspEnvironment.nQuestionMarks = 100;
    IspEnvironment.DoNotStart = 0;
    IspEnvironment.BootHold = 0;
    ReadArguments(&IspEnvironment, argc, argv);               // Read and parse the command line

    return PerformActions(&IspEnvironment);                   // Do as requested !
}

#endif // !defined COMPILE_FOR_LPC21

/***************************** DumpString ******************************/
/**  Prints an area of memory to stdout. Converts non-printables to hex.
\param [in] level the debug level of the block to be dumped.  If this is
less than or equal to the current debug level than the dump will happen
otherwise this just returns.
\param [in] b pointer to an area of memory.
\param [in] size the length of the memory block to print.
\param [in] prefix string is a pointer to a prefix string.
*/
void DumpString(int level, const void *b, size_t size, const char *prefix_string)
{
    size_t i;
    const char * s = (const char*) b;
    unsigned char c;

    DebugPrintf(level, prefix_string);

    DebugPrintf(level, "'");
    for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
    {
        c = s[i];
        if (c >= 0x20 && c <= 0x7e) /*isprint?*/
        {
            DebugPrintf(level, "%c", c);
        }
        else
        {
            DebugPrintf(level, "(%02X)", c);
        }
    }
    DebugPrintf(level, "'\n");
}