File: lzop.man

package info (click to toggle)
lzop 1.01-3
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: sarge
  • size: 1,708 kB
  • ctags: 1,369
  • sloc: sh: 10,561; ansic: 8,142; makefile: 94
file content (432 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 18,151 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (2)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
LZOP(1)                                                                LZOP(1)



NNAAMMEE
       lzop - compress or expand files

AABBSSTTRRAACCTT
       llzzoopp is a file compressor very similar to ggzziipp.  llzzoopp favors speed over
       compression ratio.

SSYYNNOOPPSSIISS
       llzzoopp [ _c_o_m_m_a_n_d ] [ _o_p_t_i_o_n_s ] [ _f_i_l_e_n_a_m_e ... ]

       llzzoopp [--ddxxlltthhIIVVLL1199] [--qqvvccffFFnnNNkkUU] [--oo _f_i_l_e] [--pp[_p_a_t_h]] [--SS _s_u_f_f_i_x] [_f_i_l_e_-
       _n_a_m_e ...]

DDEESSCCRRIIPPTTIIOONN
       llzzoopp reduces the size of the named files. Whenever possible, each file
       is compressed into one with the extension ..llzzoo, while keeping the same
       ownership modes, access and modification times. If no files are speci-
       fied, or if a file name is "-", lzop tries to compress the standard
       input to the standard output. lzop will only attempt to compress regu-
       lar files or symbolic links to regular files.  In particular, it will
       ignore directories.

       If the compressed file name is too long for its file system, llzzoopp trun-
       cates it.

       Compressed files can be restored to their original form using llzzoopp --dd.
       llzzoopp --dd takes a list of files on its command line and decompresses each
       file whose name ends with ..llzzoo and which begins with the correct magic
       number to an uncompressed file without the original extension. llzzoopp --dd
       also recognizes the special extension ..ttzzoo as shorthand for ..ttaarr..llzzoo.
       When compressing, lzop uses the ..ttzzoo extension if necessary instead of
       truncating a file with a ..ttaarr extension.

       llzzoopp stores the original file name, mode and time stamp in the com-
       pressed file. These can be used when decompressing the file with the --dd
       option. This is useful when the compressed file name was truncated or
       when the time stamp was not preserved after a file transfer.

       llzzoopp preserves the ownership, mode and time stamp of files when com-
       pressing. When decompressing lzop restores the mode and time stamp if
       present in the compressed files.  See the options --nn, --NN, ----nnoo--mmooddee and
       ----nnoo--ttiimmee for more information.

       llzzoopp always keeps original files unchanged unless you use the option
       --UU.

       llzzoopp uses the _L_Z_O _d_a_t_a _c_o_m_p_r_e_s_s_i_o_n _l_i_b_r_a_r_y for compression services.
       The amount of compression obtained depends on the size of the input and
       the distribution of common substrings.  Typically, text such as source
       code or English is compressed into 40-50% of the original size, and
       large files usually compress much better than small ones. Compression
       and decompression speed is generally much faster than that achieved by
       ggzziipp, but compression ratio is worse.

       CCOOMMPPRREESSSSIIOONN LLEEVVEELLSS

       lzop offers the following compression levels of the LZO1X algorithm:

       -3  the default level offers pretty fast compression.  -2, -3, -4, -5
           and -6 are currently all equivalent - this may change in a future
           release.

       -1, --fast
           can be even a little bit faster in some cases - but most times you
           won't notice the difference

       -7, -8, -9, --best
           these compression levels are mainly intended for generating pre-
           compressed data - especially --99 can be somewhat slow

       Decompression is _v_e_r_y fast for all compression levels, and decompres-
       sion speed is not affected by the compression level.

MMAAIINN CCOOMMMMAANNDD
       If no other command is given then lzop defaults to compression (using
       compression level -3).

       -#, --fast, --best
           Regulate the speed of compression using the specified digit ##,
           where -1 or --fast indicates the fastest compression method (less
           compression) and -9 or --best indicates the slowest compression
           method (best compression). The default compression level is -3.

       -d, --decompress, --uncompress
           Decompress. Each file will be placed into same the directory as the
           compressed file.

       -x, --extract
           Extract compressed files to the current working directory. This is
           the same as `-dNp'.

       -t, --test
           Test. Check the compressed file integrity.

       -l, --list
           For each compressed file, list the following fields:

             method: compression method
             compressed: size of the compressed file
             uncompr.: size of the uncompressed file
             ratio: compression ratio
             uncompressed_name: name of the uncompressed file

           In combination with the --verbose option, the following fields are
           also displayed:

             date & time: time stamp for the uncompressed file

           With --name, the uncompressed name, date and time are those stored
           within the compress file if present.

           With --verbose, the size totals and compression ratio for all files
           is also displayed. With --quiet, the title and totals lines are not
           displayed.

           Note that lzop defines compression ratio as compressed_size /
           uncompressed_size.

       --ls, --ls=_F_L_A_G_S
           List each compressed file in a format similar to llss --llnn.

           The following flags are currently honoured:
             F  Append a `*' for executable files.
             G  Inhibit display of group information.
             Q  Enclose file names in double quotes.

       --info
           For each compressed file, list the internal header fields.

       -I, --sysinfo
           Display information about the system and quit.

       -L, --license
           Display the lzop license and quit.

       -h, -H, --help
           Display a help screen and quit.

       -V  Version. Display the version number and compilation options and
           quit.

       --version
           Version. Display the version number and quit.

       Commands are listed in increasing priority here, i.e.  --tt has priority
       over --dd, --ll over --tt, and so on.

OOPPTTIIOONNSS
       -c, --stdout, --to-stdout
           Write output on standard output. If there are several input files,
           the output consists of a sequence of independently (de)compressed
           members. To obtain better compression, concatenate all input files
           before compressing them.

       -o _F_I_L_E, --output=_F_I_L_E
           Write output to the file _F_I_L_E. If there are several input files,
           the output consists of a sequence of independently (de)compressed
           members.

       -p, -p_D_I_R, --path=_D_I_R
           Write output files into the directory _D_I_R instead of the directory
           determined by the input file. If _D_I_R is omitted, then write to the
           current working directory.

       -f, --force
           Force lzop to

            - overwrite existing files
            - (de-)compress from stdin even if it seems a terminal
            - (de-)compress to stdout even if it seems a terminal
            - allow option -c in combination with -U

           Using --ff two or more times forces things like

            - compress files that already have a .lzo suffix
            - try to decompress files that do not have a valid suffix
            - try to handle compressed files with unknown header flags

           Use with care.

       -F, --no-checksum
           Do not store or verify a checksum of the uncompressed file when
           compressing or decompressing.  This speeds up the operation of lzop
           a little bit (especially when decompressing), but as unnoticed data
           corruption can happen in case of damaged compressed files the usage
           of this option is not generally recommended.  Also, a checksum is
           always stored when compressing with one of the slow compression
           levels (-7, -8 or -9), regardless of this option.

       -n, --no-name
           When decompressing, do not restore the original file name if
           present (remove only the lzop suffix from the compressed file
           name). This option is the default under UNIX.

       -N, --name
           When decompressing, restore the original file name if present. This
           option is useful on systems which have a limit on file name length.
           If the original name saved in the compressed file is not suitable
           for its file system, a new name is constructed from the original
           one to make it legal.  This option is the default under DOS, Win-
           dows and OS/2.

       -P  When decompressing, restore the original path and file name if
           present.  When compressing, store the relative (and cleaned) path
           name.  This option is mainly useful when using aarrcchhiivvee mmooddee - see
           usage examples below.

       --no-mode
           When decompressing, do not restore the original mode (permissions)
           saved in the compressed file.

       --no-time
           When decompressing, do not restore the original time stamp saved in
           the compressed file.

       -S _._s_u_f, --suffix=_._s_u_f
           Use suffix _._s_u_f instead of _._l_z_o. The suffix must not contain multi-
           ple dots and special characters like '+' or '*', and suffixes other
           than _._l_z_o should be avoided to avoid confusion when files are
           transferred to other systems.

       -k, --keep
           Do not delete input files. This is the default.

       -U, --unlink, --delete
           Delete input files after succesfull compression or decompression.
           Use this option to make lzop behave like ggzziipp and bbzziipp22.  Note that
           explicitly giving --kk overrides --UU.

       --crc32
           Use a crc32 checksum instead of a adler32 checksum.

       --no-warn
           Suppress all warnings.

       --ignore-warn
           Suppress all warnings, and never exit with exit status 2.

       -q, --quiet, --silent
           Suppress all warnings and decrease the verbosity of some commands
           like ----lliisstt or ----tteesstt.

       -v, --verbose
           Verbose. Display the name for each file compressed or decompressed.
           Multiple --vv can be used to increase the verbosity of some commands
           like ----lliisstt or ----tteesstt.

       --  Specifies that this is the end of the options. Any file name after
           ---- will not be interpreted as an option even if it starts with a
           hyphen.

OOTTHHEERR OOPPTTIIOONNSS
       --no-stdin
           Do not try to read standard input (but a file name "-" will still
           override this option).  In old versions of llzzoopp, this option was
           necessary when used in cron jobs (which do not have a controlling
           terminal).

       --filter=_N_U_M_B_E_R
           Rarely useful.  Preprocess data with a special "multimedia" filter
           before compressing in order to improve compression ratio.  _N_U_M_B_E_R
           must be a decimal number from 1 to 16, inclusive.  Using a filter
           slows down both compression and decompression quite a bit, and the
           compression ratio usually doesn't improve much either...  More
           effective filters may be added in the future, though.

           You can try --filter=1 with data like 8-bit sound samples, --fil-
           ter=2 with 16-bit samples or depth-16 images, etc.

           Un-filtering during decompression is handled automatically.

       -C, --checksum
           Deprecated. Only for compatibility with very old versions as lzop
           now uses a checksum by default. This option will get removed in a
           future release.

       --no-color
           Do not use any color escape sequences.

       --mono
           Assume a mono ANSI terminal. This is the default under UNIX (if
           console support is compiled in).

       --color
           Assume a color ANSI terminal or try full-screen access. This is the
           default under DOS and in a Linux virtual console (if console sup-
           port is compiled in).

AADDVVAANNCCEEDD UUSSAAGGEE
       lzop allows you to deal with your files in many flexible ways. Here are
       some usage examples:

       bbaacckkuupp mmooddee
          tar --use-compress-program=lzop -cf archive.tar.lzo files..

          This is the recommended mode for creating (possibly huge) backups.
          Requires GNU tar or a compatible version which accpets the
          `--use-compress-program=XXX' option.

       ssiinnggllee ffiillee mmooddee:: individually (de)compress each file
         create
           lzop a.c             -> create a.c.lzo
           lzop a.c b.c         -> create a.c.lzo & b.c.lzo
           lzop -U a.c b.c      -> create a.c.lzo & b.c.lzo and delete a.c & b.c
           lzop *.c

         extract
           lzop -d a.c.lzo      -> restore a.c
           lzop -df a.c.lzo     -> restore a.c, overwrite if already exists
           lzop -d *.lzo

         list
           lzop -l a.c.lzo
           lzop -l *.lzo
           lzop -lv *.lzo       -> be verbose

         test
           lzop -t a.c.lzo
           lzop -tq *.lzo       -> be quiet

       ppiippee mmooddee:: (de)compress from stdin to stdout
         create
           lzop < a.c > y.lzo
           cat a.c | lzop > y.lzo
           tar -cf - *.c | lzop > y.tar.lzo     -> create a compressed tar file

         extract
           lzop -d < y.lzo > a.c
           lzop -d < y.tar.lzo | tar -xvf -     -> extract a tar file
           lzop -d < y.tar.lzo | tar -tvf -     -> list a tar file

         list
           lzop -l < y.lzo
           cat y.lzo | lzop -l

         test
           lzop -t < y.lzo
           cat y.lzo | lzop -t

       ssttddoouutt mmooddee:: (de)compress to stdout
         create
           lzop -c a.c > y.lzo

         extract
           lzop -dc y.lzo > a.c
           lzop -dc y.tar.lzo | tar -tvf -      -> list a tar file

       aarrcchhiivvee mmooddee:: compress/extract multiple files into a single archive
       file
         create
           lzop a.c b.c -o sources.lzo          -> create an archive
           lzop -P src/*.c -o sources.lzo       -> create an archive, store path name
           lzop -c *.c > sources.lzo            -> another way to create an archive
           lzop -c *.h >> sources.lzo           -> add files to archive

         extract
           lzop -dN sources.lzo
           lzop -x ../src/sources.lzo           -> extract to current directory
           lzop -x -p/tmp < ../src/sources.lzo  -> extract to /tmp directory

         list
           lzop -lNv sources.lzo

         test
           lzop -t sources.lzo
           lzop -tvv sources.lzo                -> be very verbose

       If you wish to create a single archive file with multiple members so
       that members can later be extracted independently, you should prefer a
       full-featured archiver such as tar. The latest version of GNU tar sup-
       ports the ----uussee--ccoommpprreessss--pprrooggrraamm==llzzoopp option to invoke lzop transpar-
       ently.  lzop is designed as a complement to tar, not as a replacement.

EENNVVIIRROONNMMEENNTT
       The environment variable LLZZOOPP can hold a set of default options for
       lzop. These options are interpreted first and can be overwritten by
       explicit command line parameters.  For example:

           for sh/ksh/zsh:    LZOP="-1v --name"; export LZOP
           for csh/tcsh:      setenv LZOP "-1v --name"
           for DOS:           set LZOP=-1v --name

       On Vax/VMS, the name of the environment variable is LZOP_OPT, to avoid
       a conflict with the symbol set for invocation of the program.

       Not all of the options are valid in the environment variable - lzop
       will tell you.

SSEEEE AALLSSOO
       bbzziipp22(1), ggzziipp(1), ttaarr(1)

       Precompiled binaries for some platforms are available from the lzop
       home page.

           see http://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzop/

       lzop uses the LZO data compression library for compression services.

           see http://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzo/

DDIIAAGGNNOOSSTTIICCSS
       Exit status is normally 0; if an error occurs, exit status is 1. If a
       warning occurs, exit status is 2 (unless option ----iiggnnoorree--wwaarrnn is
       effect).

       llzzoopp''ss diagnostics are intended to be self-explanatory.

BBUUGGSS
       Please report all problems immediately to the author.

AAUUTTHHOORR
       Markus Franz Xaver Johannes Oberhumer <markus@oberhumer.com>
       http://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzop/

CCOOPPYYRRIIGGHHTT
       lzop and the LZO library are Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
       2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 by Markus Franz Xaver Johannes Oberhumer.

       lzop and the LZO library are distributed under the terms of the GNU
       General Public License (GPL).

       Legal info: If want to integrate lzop into your commercial
       (backup-)system please check the GNU GPL FAQ at
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html about possible implications.



lzop 1.01                         2003-04-27                           LZOP(1)