File: minigzip.c

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/* minigzip.c -- simulate gzip using the zlib compression library
 * Copyright (C) 1995-2006, 2010, 2011, 2016 Jean-loup Gailly
 * For conditions of distribution and use, see copyright notice in zlib.h
 */

/*
 * minigzip is a minimal implementation of the gzip utility. This is
 * only an example of using zlib and isn't meant to replace the
 * full-featured gzip. No attempt is made to deal with file systems
 * limiting names to 14 or 8+3 characters, etc... Error checking is
 * very limited. So use minigzip only for testing; use gzip for the
 * real thing. On MSDOS, use only on file names without extension
 * or in pipe mode.
 */

/* @(#) $Id$ */

#include "zlib.h"
#include <stdio.h>

#ifdef STDC
#  include <string.h>
#  include <stdlib.h>
#endif

#ifdef USE_MMAP
#  include <sys/types.h>
#  include <sys/mman.h>
#  include <sys/stat.h>
#endif

#if defined(MSDOS) || defined(OS2) || defined(WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
#  include <fcntl.h>
#  include <io.h>
#  ifdef UNDER_CE
#    include <stdlib.h>
#  endif
#  define SET_BINARY_MODE(file) setmode(fileno(file), O_BINARY)
#else
#  define SET_BINARY_MODE(file)
#endif

#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER < 1900
#  define snprintf _snprintf
#endif

#ifdef VMS
#  define unlink delete
#  define GZ_SUFFIX "-gz"
#endif
#ifdef RISCOS
#  define unlink remove
#  define GZ_SUFFIX "-gz"
#  define fileno(file) file->__file
#endif
#if defined(__MWERKS__) && __dest_os != __be_os && __dest_os != __win32_os
#  include <unix.h> /* for fileno */
#endif

#if !defined(Z_HAVE_UNISTD_H) && !defined(_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE)
#ifndef WIN32 /* unlink already in stdio.h for WIN32 */
  extern int unlink OF((const char *));
#endif
#endif

#if defined(UNDER_CE)
#  include <windows.h>
#  define perror(s) pwinerror(s)

/* Map the Windows error number in ERROR to a locale-dependent error
   message string and return a pointer to it.  Typically, the values
   for ERROR come from GetLastError.

   The string pointed to shall not be modified by the application,
   but may be overwritten by a subsequent call to strwinerror

   The strwinerror function does not change the current setting
   of GetLastError.  */

static char *strwinerror (error)
     DWORD error;
{
    static char buf[1024];

    wchar_t *msgbuf;
    DWORD lasterr = GetLastError();
    DWORD chars = FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM
        | FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER,
        NULL,
        error,
        0, /* Default language */
        (LPVOID)&msgbuf,
        0,
        NULL);
    if (chars != 0) {
        /* If there is an \r\n appended, zap it.  */
        if (chars >= 2
            && msgbuf[chars - 2] == '\r' && msgbuf[chars - 1] == '\n') {
            chars -= 2;
            msgbuf[chars] = 0;
        }

        if (chars > sizeof (buf) - 1) {
            chars = sizeof (buf) - 1;
            msgbuf[chars] = 0;
        }

        wcstombs(buf, msgbuf, chars + 1);
        LocalFree(msgbuf);
    }
    else {
        sprintf(buf, "unknown win32 error (%ld)", error);
    }

    SetLastError(lasterr);
    return buf;
}

static void pwinerror (s)
    const char *s;
{
    if (s && *s)
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", s, strwinerror(GetLastError ()));
    else
        fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", strwinerror(GetLastError ()));
}

#endif /* UNDER_CE */

#ifndef GZ_SUFFIX
#  define GZ_SUFFIX ".gz"
#endif
#define SUFFIX_LEN (sizeof(GZ_SUFFIX)-1)

#define BUFLEN      16384
#define MAX_NAME_LEN 1024

#ifdef MAXSEG_64K
#  define local static
   /* Needed for systems with limitation on stack size. */
#else
#  define local
#endif

#ifdef Z_SOLO
/* for Z_SOLO, create simplified gz* functions using deflate and inflate */

#if defined(Z_HAVE_UNISTD_H) || defined(Z_LARGE)
#  include <unistd.h>       /* for unlink() */
#endif

void *myalloc OF((void *, unsigned, unsigned));
void myfree OF((void *, void *));

void *myalloc(q, n, m)
    void *q;
    unsigned n, m;
{
    (void)q;
    return calloc(n, m);
}

void myfree(q, p)
    void *q, *p;
{
    (void)q;
    free(p);
}

typedef struct gzFile_s {
    FILE *file;
    int write;
    int err;
    char *msg;
    z_stream strm;
} *gzFile;

gzFile gzopen OF((const char *, const char *));
gzFile gzdopen OF((int, const char *));
gzFile gz_open OF((const char *, int, const char *));

gzFile gzopen(path, mode)
const char *path;
const char *mode;
{
    return gz_open(path, -1, mode);
}

gzFile gzdopen(fd, mode)
int fd;
const char *mode;
{
    return gz_open(NULL, fd, mode);
}

gzFile gz_open(path, fd, mode)
    const char *path;
    int fd;
    const char *mode;
{
    gzFile gz;
    int ret;

    gz = malloc(sizeof(struct gzFile_s));
    if (gz == NULL)
        return NULL;
    gz->write = strchr(mode, 'w') != NULL;
    gz->strm.zalloc = myalloc;
    gz->strm.zfree = myfree;
    gz->strm.opaque = Z_NULL;
    if (gz->write)
        ret = deflateInit2(&(gz->strm), -1, 8, 15 + 16, 8, 0);
    else {
        gz->strm.next_in = 0;
        gz->strm.avail_in = Z_NULL;
        ret = inflateInit2(&(gz->strm), 15 + 16);
    }
    if (ret != Z_OK) {
        free(gz);
        return NULL;
    }
    gz->file = path == NULL ? fdopen(fd, gz->write ? "wb" : "rb") :
                              fopen(path, gz->write ? "wb" : "rb");
    if (gz->file == NULL) {
        gz->write ? deflateEnd(&(gz->strm)) : inflateEnd(&(gz->strm));
        free(gz);
        return NULL;
    }
    gz->err = 0;
    gz->msg = "";
    return gz;
}

int gzwrite OF((gzFile, const void *, unsigned));

int gzwrite(gz, buf, len)
    gzFile gz;
    const void *buf;
    unsigned len;
{
    z_stream *strm;
    unsigned char out[BUFLEN];

    if (gz == NULL || !gz->write)
        return 0;
    strm = &(gz->strm);
    strm->next_in = (void *)buf;
    strm->avail_in = len;
    do {
        strm->next_out = out;
        strm->avail_out = BUFLEN;
        (void)deflate(strm, Z_NO_FLUSH);
        fwrite(out, 1, BUFLEN - strm->avail_out, gz->file);
    } while (strm->avail_out == 0);
    return len;
}

int gzread OF((gzFile, void *, unsigned));

int gzread(gz, buf, len)
    gzFile gz;
    void *buf;
    unsigned len;
{
    int ret;
    unsigned got;
    unsigned char in[1];
    z_stream *strm;

    if (gz == NULL || gz->write)
        return 0;
    if (gz->err)
        return 0;
    strm = &(gz->strm);
    strm->next_out = (void *)buf;
    strm->avail_out = len;
    do {
        got = fread(in, 1, 1, gz->file);
        if (got == 0)
            break;
        strm->next_in = in;
        strm->avail_in = 1;
        ret = inflate(strm, Z_NO_FLUSH);
        if (ret == Z_DATA_ERROR) {
            gz->err = Z_DATA_ERROR;
            gz->msg = strm->msg;
            return 0;
        }
        if (ret == Z_STREAM_END)
            inflateReset(strm);
    } while (strm->avail_out);
    return len - strm->avail_out;
}

int gzclose OF((gzFile));

int gzclose(gz)
    gzFile gz;
{
    z_stream *strm;
    unsigned char out[BUFLEN];

    if (gz == NULL)
        return Z_STREAM_ERROR;
    strm = &(gz->strm);
    if (gz->write) {
        strm->next_in = Z_NULL;
        strm->avail_in = 0;
        do {
            strm->next_out = out;
            strm->avail_out = BUFLEN;
            (void)deflate(strm, Z_FINISH);
            fwrite(out, 1, BUFLEN - strm->avail_out, gz->file);
        } while (strm->avail_out == 0);
        deflateEnd(strm);
    }
    else
        inflateEnd(strm);
    fclose(gz->file);
    free(gz);
    return Z_OK;
}

const char *gzerror OF((gzFile, int *));

const char *gzerror(gz, err)
    gzFile gz;
    int *err;
{
    *err = gz->err;
    return gz->msg;
}

#endif

static char *prog;

void error            OF((const char *msg));
void gz_compress      OF((FILE   *in, gzFile out));
#ifdef USE_MMAP
int  gz_compress_mmap OF((FILE   *in, gzFile out));
#endif
void gz_uncompress    OF((gzFile in, FILE   *out));
void file_compress    OF((char  *file, char *mode));
void file_uncompress  OF((char  *file));
int  main             OF((int argc, char *argv[]));

/* ===========================================================================
 * Display error message and exit
 */
void error(msg)
    const char *msg;
{
    fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", prog, msg);
    exit(1);
}

/* ===========================================================================
 * Compress input to output then close both files.
 */

void gz_compress(in, out)
    FILE   *in;
    gzFile out;
{
    local char buf[BUFLEN];
    int len;
    int err;

#ifdef USE_MMAP
    /* Try first compressing with mmap. If mmap fails (minigzip used in a
     * pipe), use the normal fread loop.
     */
    if (gz_compress_mmap(in, out) == Z_OK) return;
#endif
    for (;;) {
        len = (int)fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), in);
        if (ferror(in)) {
            perror("fread");
            exit(1);
        }
        if (len == 0) break;

        if (gzwrite(out, buf, (unsigned)len) != len) error(gzerror(out, &err));
    }
    fclose(in);
    if (gzclose(out) != Z_OK) error("failed gzclose");
}

#ifdef USE_MMAP /* MMAP version, Miguel Albrecht <malbrech@eso.org> */

/* Try compressing the input file at once using mmap. Return Z_OK if
 * if success, Z_ERRNO otherwise.
 */
int gz_compress_mmap(in, out)
    FILE   *in;
    gzFile out;
{
    int len;
    int err;
    int ifd = fileno(in);
    caddr_t buf;    /* mmap'ed buffer for the entire input file */
    off_t buf_len;  /* length of the input file */
    struct stat sb;

    /* Determine the size of the file, needed for mmap: */
    if (fstat(ifd, &sb) < 0) return Z_ERRNO;
    buf_len = sb.st_size;
    if (buf_len <= 0) return Z_ERRNO;

    /* Now do the actual mmap: */
    buf = mmap((caddr_t) 0, buf_len, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, ifd, (off_t)0);
    if (buf == (caddr_t)(-1)) return Z_ERRNO;

    /* Compress the whole file at once: */
    len = gzwrite(out, (char *)buf, (unsigned)buf_len);

    if (len != (int)buf_len) error(gzerror(out, &err));

    munmap(buf, buf_len);
    fclose(in);
    if (gzclose(out) != Z_OK) error("failed gzclose");
    return Z_OK;
}
#endif /* USE_MMAP */

/* ===========================================================================
 * Uncompress input to output then close both files.
 */
void gz_uncompress(in, out)
    gzFile in;
    FILE   *out;
{
    local char buf[BUFLEN];
    int len;
    int err;

    for (;;) {
        len = gzread(in, buf, sizeof(buf));
        if (len < 0) error (gzerror(in, &err));
        if (len == 0) break;

        if ((int)fwrite(buf, 1, (unsigned)len, out) != len) {
            error("failed fwrite");
        }
    }
    if (fclose(out)) error("failed fclose");

    if (gzclose(in) != Z_OK) error("failed gzclose");
}


/* ===========================================================================
 * Compress the given file: create a corresponding .gz file and remove the
 * original.
 */
void file_compress(file, mode)
    char  *file;
    char  *mode;
{
    local char outfile[MAX_NAME_LEN];
    FILE  *in;
    gzFile out;

    if (strlen(file) + strlen(GZ_SUFFIX) >= sizeof(outfile)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", prog);
        exit(1);
    }

#if !defined(NO_snprintf) && !defined(NO_vsnprintf)
    snprintf(outfile, sizeof(outfile), "%s%s", file, GZ_SUFFIX);
#else
    strcpy(outfile, file);
    strcat(outfile, GZ_SUFFIX);
#endif

    in = fopen(file, "rb");
    if (in == NULL) {
        perror(file);
        exit(1);
    }
    out = gzopen(outfile, mode);
    if (out == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't gzopen %s\n", prog, outfile);
        exit(1);
    }
    gz_compress(in, out);

    unlink(file);
}


/* ===========================================================================
 * Uncompress the given file and remove the original.
 */
void file_uncompress(file)
    char  *file;
{
    local char buf[MAX_NAME_LEN];
    char *infile, *outfile;
    FILE  *out;
    gzFile in;
    unsigned len = strlen(file);

    if (len + strlen(GZ_SUFFIX) >= sizeof(buf)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", prog);
        exit(1);
    }

#if !defined(NO_snprintf) && !defined(NO_vsnprintf)
    snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s", file);
#else
    strcpy(buf, file);
#endif

    if (len > SUFFIX_LEN && strcmp(file+len-SUFFIX_LEN, GZ_SUFFIX) == 0) {
        infile = file;
        outfile = buf;
        outfile[len-3] = '\0';
    } else {
        outfile = file;
        infile = buf;
#if !defined(NO_snprintf) && !defined(NO_vsnprintf)
        snprintf(buf + len, sizeof(buf) - len, "%s", GZ_SUFFIX);
#else
        strcat(infile, GZ_SUFFIX);
#endif
    }
    in = gzopen(infile, "rb");
    if (in == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't gzopen %s\n", prog, infile);
        exit(1);
    }
    out = fopen(outfile, "wb");
    if (out == NULL) {
        perror(file);
        exit(1);
    }

    gz_uncompress(in, out);

    unlink(infile);
}


/* ===========================================================================
 * Usage:  minigzip [-c] [-d] [-f] [-h] [-r] [-1 to -9] [files...]
 *   -c : write to standard output
 *   -d : decompress
 *   -f : compress with Z_FILTERED
 *   -h : compress with Z_HUFFMAN_ONLY
 *   -r : compress with Z_RLE
 *   -1 to -9 : compression level
 */

int main(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    char *argv[];
{
    int copyout = 0;
    int uncompr = 0;
    gzFile file;
    char *bname, outmode[20];

#if !defined(NO_snprintf) && !defined(NO_vsnprintf)
    snprintf(outmode, sizeof(outmode), "%s", "wb6 ");
#else
    strcpy(outmode, "wb6 ");
#endif

    prog = argv[0];
    bname = strrchr(argv[0], '/');
    if (bname)
      bname++;
    else
      bname = argv[0];
    argc--, argv++;

    if (!strcmp(bname, "gunzip"))
      uncompr = 1;
    else if (!strcmp(bname, "zcat"))
      copyout = uncompr = 1;

    while (argc > 0) {
      if (strcmp(*argv, "-c") == 0)
        copyout = 1;
      else if (strcmp(*argv, "-d") == 0)
        uncompr = 1;
      else if (strcmp(*argv, "-f") == 0)
        outmode[3] = 'f';
      else if (strcmp(*argv, "-h") == 0)
        outmode[3] = 'h';
      else if (strcmp(*argv, "-r") == 0)
        outmode[3] = 'R';
      else if ((*argv)[0] == '-' && (*argv)[1] >= '1' && (*argv)[1] <= '9' &&
               (*argv)[2] == 0)
        outmode[2] = (*argv)[1];
      else
        break;
      argc--, argv++;
    }
    if (outmode[3] == ' ')
        outmode[3] = 0;
    if (argc == 0) {
        SET_BINARY_MODE(stdin);
        SET_BINARY_MODE(stdout);
        if (uncompr) {
            file = gzdopen(fileno(stdin), "rb");
            if (file == NULL) error("can't gzdopen stdin");
            gz_uncompress(file, stdout);
        } else {
            file = gzdopen(fileno(stdout), outmode);
            if (file == NULL) error("can't gzdopen stdout");
            gz_compress(stdin, file);
        }
    } else {
        if (copyout) {
            SET_BINARY_MODE(stdout);
        }
        do {
            if (uncompr) {
                if (copyout) {
                    file = gzopen(*argv, "rb");
                    if (file == NULL)
                        fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't gzopen %s\n", prog, *argv);
                    else
                        gz_uncompress(file, stdout);
                } else {
                    file_uncompress(*argv);
                }
            } else {
                if (copyout) {
                    FILE * in = fopen(*argv, "rb");

                    if (in == NULL) {
                        perror(*argv);
                    } else {
                        file = gzdopen(fileno(stdout), outmode);
                        if (file == NULL) error("can't gzdopen stdout");

                        gz_compress(in, file);
                    }

                } else {
                    file_compress(*argv, outmode);
                }
            }
        } while (argv++, --argc);
    }
    return 0;
}