File: test.c

package info (click to toggle)
memtest86+ 5.01-3
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: buster, sid, stretch
  • size: 1,336 kB
  • ctags: 2,585
  • sloc: ansic: 17,514; asm: 1,805; makefile: 239; sh: 127
file content (1568 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 37,356 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (3)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
/* test.c - MemTest-86  Version 3.4
 *
 * Released under version 2 of the Gnu Public License.
 * By Chris Brady
 * ----------------------------------------------------
 * MemTest86+ V5 Specific code (GPL V2.0)
 * By Samuel DEMEULEMEESTER, sdemeule@memtest.org
 * http://www.canardpc.com - http://www.memtest.org
 * Thanks to Passmark for calculate_chunk() and various comments !
 */
 
#include "test.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "stdint.h"
#include "cpuid.h"
#include "smp.h"
#include <sys/io.h>

extern struct cpu_ident cpu_id;
extern volatile int    mstr_cpu;
extern volatile int    run_cpus;
extern volatile int    test;
extern volatile int segs, bail;
extern int test_ticks, nticks;
extern struct tseq tseq[];
extern void update_err_counts(void);
extern void print_err_counts(void);
void rand_seed( unsigned int seed1, unsigned int seed2, int me);
ulong rand(int me);
void poll_errors();

static inline ulong roundup(ulong value, ulong mask)
{
	return (value + mask) & ~mask;
}

// start / end - return values for range to test
// me - this threads CPU number
// j - index into v->map for current segment we are testing
// align - number of bytes to align each block to
void calculate_chunk(ulong** start, ulong** end, int me, int j, int makeMultipleOf)
{
	ulong chunk;


	// If we are only running 1 CPU then test the whole block
	if (run_cpus == 1) {
		*start = v->map[j].start;
		*end = v->map[j].end;
	} 
	else{

		// Divide the current segment by the number of CPUs
		chunk = (ulong)v->map[j].end-(ulong)v->map[j].start;
		chunk /= run_cpus;
		
		// Round down to the nearest desired bitlength multiple
		chunk = (chunk + (makeMultipleOf-1)) &  ~(makeMultipleOf-1);

		// Figure out chunk boundaries
		*start = (ulong*)((ulong)v->map[j].start+(chunk*me));
		/* Set end addrs for the highest CPU num to the
			* end of the segment for rounding errors */
		// Also rounds down to boundary if needed, may miss some ram but better than crashing or producing false errors.
		// This rounding probably will never happen as the segments should be in 4096 bytes pages if I understand correctly.
		if (me == mstr_cpu) {
			*end = (ulong*)(v->map[j].end);
		} else {
			*end = (ulong*)((ulong)(*start) + chunk);
			(*end)--;
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Memory address test, walking ones
 */
void addr_tst1(int me)
{
	int i, j, k;
	volatile ulong *p, *pt, *end;
	ulong bad, mask, bank, p1;

	/* Test the global address bits */
	for (p1=0, j=0; j<2; j++) {
        	hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, p1);

		/* Set pattern in our lowest multiple of 0x20000 */
		p = (ulong *)roundup((ulong)v->map[0].start, 0x1ffff);
		*p = p1;
	
		/* Now write pattern compliment */
		p1 = ~p1;
		end = v->map[segs-1].end;
		for (i=0; i<100; i++) {
			mask = 4;
			do {
				pt = (ulong *)((ulong)p | mask);
				if (pt == p) {
					mask = mask << 1;
					continue;
				}
				if (pt >= end) {
					break;
				}
				*pt = p1;
				if ((bad = *p) != ~p1) {
					ad_err1((ulong *)p, (ulong *)mask,
						bad, ~p1);
					i = 1000;
				}
				mask = mask << 1;
			} while(mask);
		}
		do_tick(me);
		BAILR
	}

	/* Now check the address bits in each bank */
	/* If we have more than 8mb of memory then the bank size must be */
	/* bigger than 256k.  If so use 1mb for the bank size. */
	if (v->pmap[v->msegs - 1].end > (0x800000 >> 12)) {
		bank = 0x100000;
	} else {
		bank = 0x40000;
	}
	for (p1=0, k=0; k<2; k++) {
        	hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, p1);

		for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
			p = v->map[j].start;
			/* Force start address to be a multiple of 256k */
			p = (ulong *)roundup((ulong)p, bank - 1);
			end = v->map[j].end;
			/* Redundant checks for overflow */
                        while (p < end && p > v->map[j].start && p != 0) {
				*p = p1;

				p1 = ~p1;
				for (i=0; i<50; i++) {
					mask = 4;
					do {
						pt = (ulong *)
						    ((ulong)p | mask);
						if (pt == p) {
							mask = mask << 1;
							continue;
						}
						if (pt >= end) {
							break;
						}
						*pt = p1;
						if ((bad = *p) != ~p1) {
							ad_err1((ulong *)p,
							    (ulong *)mask,
							    bad,~p1);
							i = 200;
						}
						mask = mask << 1;
					} while(mask);
				}
				if (p + bank > p) {
					p += bank;
				} else {
					p = end;
				}
				p1 = ~p1;
			}
		}
		do_tick(me);
		BAILR
		p1 = ~p1;
	}
}

/*
 * Memory address test, own address
 */
void addr_tst2(int me)
{
	int j, done;
	ulong *p, *pe, *end, *start;

        cprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, "address ");

	/* Write each address with it's own address */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		start = v->map[j].start;
		end = v->map[j].end;
		pe = (ulong *)start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}

/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *			for (; p <= pe; p++) {
 *				*p = (ulong)p;
 *			}
 */
			asm __volatile__ (
				"jmp L91\n\t"
				".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
				"L90:\n\t"
				"addl $4,%%edi\n\t"
				"L91:\n\t"
				"movl %%edi,(%%edi)\n\t"
				"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t"
				"jb L90\n\t"
				: : "D" (p), "d" (pe)
			);
			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}

	/* Each address should have its own address */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		start = v->map[j].start;
		end = v->map[j].end;
		pe = (ulong *)start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
                                pe += SPINSZ;
                        } else {
                                pe = end;
                        }
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *			for (; p <= pe; p++) {
 *				if((bad = *p) != (ulong)p) {
 *					ad_err2((ulong)p, bad);
 *				}
 *			}
 */
			asm __volatile__ (
				"jmp L95\n\t"
				".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
				"L99:\n\t"
				"addl $4,%%edi\n\t"
				"L95:\n\t"
				"movl (%%edi),%%ecx\n\t"
				"cmpl %%edi,%%ecx\n\t"
				"jne L97\n\t"
				"L96:\n\t"
				"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t"
				"jb L99\n\t"
				"jmp L98\n\t"
			
				"L97:\n\t"
				"pushl %%edx\n\t"
				"pushl %%ecx\n\t"
				"pushl %%edi\n\t"
				"call ad_err2\n\t"
				"popl %%edi\n\t"
				"popl %%ecx\n\t"
				"popl %%edx\n\t"
				"jmp L96\n\t"

				"L98:\n\t"
				: : "D" (p), "d" (pe)
				: "ecx"
			);
			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}
}

/*
 * Test all of memory using a "half moving inversions" algorithm using random
 * numbers and their complment as the data pattern. Since we are not able to
 * produce random numbers in reverse order testing is only done in the forward
 * direction.
 */
void movinvr(int me)
{
	int i, j, done, seed1, seed2;
	ulong *p;
	ulong *pe;
	ulong *start,*end;
	ulong xorVal;
	//ulong num, bad;

	/* Initialize memory with initial sequence of random numbers.  */
	if (cpu_id.fid.bits.rdtsc) {
		asm __volatile__ ("rdtsc":"=a" (seed1),"=d" (seed2));
	} else {
		seed1 = 521288629 + v->pass;
		seed2 = 362436069 - v->pass;
	}

	/* Display the current seed */
        if (mstr_cpu == me) hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, seed1);
	rand_seed(seed1, seed2, me);
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
		pe = start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code */
/*
			for (; p <= pe; p++) {
				*p = rand(me);
			}
 */

                        asm __volatile__ (
                                "jmp L200\n\t"
                                ".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
                                "L201:\n\t"
                                "addl $4,%%edi\n\t"
                                "L200:\n\t"
				"pushl %%ecx\n\t" \
                                "call rand\n\t"
				"popl %%ecx\n\t" \
				"movl %%eax,(%%edi)\n\t"
                                "cmpl %%ebx,%%edi\n\t"
                                "jb L201\n\t"
                                : : "D" (p), "b" (pe), "c" (me)
				: "eax"
                        );
			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}

	/* Do moving inversions test. Check for initial pattern and then
	 * write the complement for each memory location.
	 */
	for (i=0; i<2; i++) {
		rand_seed(seed1, seed2, me);
		for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
			calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
			pe = start;
			p = start;
			done = 0;
			do {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR

				/* Check for overflow */
				if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
					pe += SPINSZ;
				} else {
					pe = end;
				}
				if (pe >= end) {
					pe = end;
					done++;
				}
				if (p == pe ) {
					break;
				}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code */
				
				/*for (; p <= pe; p++) {
					num = rand(me);
					if (i) {
						num = ~num;
					}
					if ((bad=*p) != num) {
						error((ulong*)p, num, bad);
					}
					*p = ~num;
				}*/

				if (i) {
					xorVal = 0xffffffff;
				} else {
					xorVal = 0;
				}
				asm __volatile__ (
					
                    "pushl %%ebp\n\t"

					// Skip first increment
					"jmp L26\n\t"
					".p2align 4,,7\n\t"

					// increment 4 bytes (32-bits)
					"L27:\n\t"
					"addl $4,%%edi\n\t"

					// Check this byte
					"L26:\n\t"

					// Get next random number, pass in me(edx), random value returned in num(eax)
					// num = rand(me);
					// cdecl call maintains all registers except eax, ecx, and edx
					// We maintain edx with a push and pop here using it also as an input
					// we don't need the current eax value and want it to change to the return value
					// we overwrite ecx shortly after this discarding its current value
					"pushl %%edx\n\t" // Push function inputs onto stack
					"call rand\n\t"
					"popl %%edx\n\t" // Remove function inputs from stack

					// XOR the random number with xorVal(ebx), which is either 0xffffffff or 0 depending on the outer loop
					// if (i) { num = ~num; }
					"xorl %%ebx,%%eax\n\t"

					// Move the current value of the current position p(edi) into bad(ecx)
					// (bad=*p)
					"movl (%%edi),%%ecx\n\t"

					// Compare bad(ecx) to num(eax)
					"cmpl %%eax,%%ecx\n\t"

					// If not equal jump the error case
					"jne L23\n\t"

					// Set a new value or not num(eax) at the current position p(edi)
					// *p = ~num;
					"L25:\n\t"
					"movl $0xffffffff,%%ebp\n\t"
					"xorl %%ebp,%%eax\n\t"
					"movl %%eax,(%%edi)\n\t"

					// Loop until current position p(edi) equals the end position pe(esi)
					"cmpl %%esi,%%edi\n\t"
					"jb L27\n\t"
					"jmp L24\n"

					// Error case
					"L23:\n\t"
					// Must manually maintain eax, ecx, and edx as part of cdecl call convention
					"pushl %%edx\n\t"
					"pushl %%ecx\n\t" // Next three pushes are functions input
					"pushl %%eax\n\t"
					"pushl %%edi\n\t"
					"call error\n\t"
					"popl %%edi\n\t" // Remove function inputs from stack and restore register values
					"popl %%eax\n\t"
					"popl %%ecx\n\t"
					"popl %%edx\n\t"
					"jmp L25\n" 

					"L24:\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebp\n\t"
					:: "D" (p), "S" (pe), "b" (xorVal),
						 "d" (me)
					: "eax", "ecx"
				);
				p = pe + 1;
			} while (!done);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Test all of memory using a "moving inversions" algorithm using the
 * pattern in p1 and it's complement in p2.
 */
void movinv1 (int iter, ulong p1, ulong p2, int me)
{
	int i, j, done;
	ulong *p, *pe, len, *start, *end;

	/* Display the current pattern */
        if (mstr_cpu == me) hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, p1);

	/* Initialize memory with the initial pattern.  */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);


		pe = start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			len = pe - p + 1;
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}

			//Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
			// seems broken
			/*for (; p <= pe; p++) {
				*p = p1;
			}*/

			asm __volatile__ (
				"rep\n\t" \
				"stosl\n\t"
				: : "c" (len), "D" (p), "a" (p1)
			);

			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}

	/* Do moving inversions test. Check for initial pattern and then
	 * write the complement for each memory location. Test from bottom
	 * up and then from the top down.  */
	for (i=0; i<iter; i++) {
		for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
			calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
			pe = start;
			p = start;
			done = 0;
			do {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR

				/* Check for overflow */
				if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
					pe += SPINSZ;
				} else {
					pe = end;
				}
				if (pe >= end) {
					pe = end;
					done++;
				}
				if (p == pe ) {
					break;
				}

				// Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code 
				// seems broken
 				/*for (; p <= pe; p++) {
					if ((bad=*p) != p1) {
 						error((ulong*)p, p1, bad);
 					}
 					*p = p2;
 				}*/

				asm __volatile__ (
					"jmp L2\n\t" \
					".p2align 4,,7\n\t" \
					"L0:\n\t" \
					"addl $4,%%edi\n\t" \
					"L2:\n\t" \
					"movl (%%edi),%%ecx\n\t" \
					"cmpl %%eax,%%ecx\n\t" \
					"jne L3\n\t" \
					"L5:\n\t" \
					"movl %%ebx,(%%edi)\n\t" \
					"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t" \
					"jb L0\n\t" \
					"jmp L4\n" \

					"L3:\n\t" \
					"pushl %%edx\n\t" \
					"pushl %%ebx\n\t" \
					"pushl %%ecx\n\t" \
					"pushl %%eax\n\t" \
					"pushl %%edi\n\t" \
					"call error\n\t" \
					"popl %%edi\n\t" \
					"popl %%eax\n\t" \
					"popl %%ecx\n\t" \
					"popl %%ebx\n\t" \
					"popl %%edx\n\t" \
					"jmp L5\n" \

					"L4:\n\t" \
					:: "a" (p1), "D" (p), "d" (pe), "b" (p2)
					: "ecx"
				);
				p = pe + 1;
			} while (!done);
		}
		for (j=segs-1; j>=0; j--) {
		    calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
			pe = end;
			p = end;
			done = 0;
			do {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR

				/* Check for underflow */
				if (pe - SPINSZ < pe && pe != 0) {
					pe -= SPINSZ;
				} else {
					pe = start;
					done++;
				}

				/* Since we are using unsigned addresses a 
				 * redundent check is required */
				if (pe < start || pe > end) {
					pe = start;
					done++;
				}
				if (p == pe ) {
					break;
				}

				//Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
				// seems broken
				/*do {
					if ((bad=*p) != p2) {
					error((ulong*)p, p2, bad);
					}
					*p = p1;
				} while (--p >= pe);*/

				asm __volatile__ (
					"jmp L9\n\t"
					".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
					"L11:\n\t"
					"subl $4, %%edi\n\t"
					"L9:\n\t"
					"movl (%%edi),%%ecx\n\t"
					"cmpl %%ebx,%%ecx\n\t"
					"jne L6\n\t"
					"L10:\n\t"
					"movl %%eax,(%%edi)\n\t"
					"cmpl %%edi, %%edx\n\t"
					"jne L11\n\t"
					"jmp L7\n\t"

					"L6:\n\t"
					"pushl %%edx\n\t"
					"pushl %%eax\n\t"
					"pushl %%ecx\n\t"
					"pushl %%ebx\n\t"
					"pushl %%edi\n\t"
					"call error\n\t"
					"popl %%edi\n\t"
					"popl %%ebx\n\t"
					"popl %%ecx\n\t"
					"popl %%eax\n\t"
					"popl %%edx\n\t"
					"jmp L10\n"

					"L7:\n\t"
					:: "a" (p1), "D" (p), "d" (pe), "b" (p2)
					: "ecx"
				);
				p = pe - 1;
			} while (!done);
		}
	}
}

void movinv32(int iter, ulong p1, ulong lb, ulong hb, int sval, int off,int me)
{
	int i, j, k=0, n=0, done;
	ulong *p, *pe, *start, *end, pat = 0, p3;

	p3 = sval << 31;
	/* Display the current pattern */
	if (mstr_cpu == me) hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, p1);

	/* Initialize memory with the initial pattern.  */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 64);
		pe = start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		k = off;
		pat = p1;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
			/* Do a SPINSZ section of memory */
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *			while (p <= pe) {
 *				*p = pat;
 *				if (++k >= 32) {
 *					pat = lb;
 *					k = 0;
 *				} else {
 *					pat = pat << 1;
 *					pat |= sval;
 *				}
 *				p++;
 *			}
 */
			asm __volatile__ (
                                "jmp L20\n\t"
                                ".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
                                "L923:\n\t"
                                "addl $4,%%edi\n\t"
                                "L20:\n\t"
                                "movl %%ecx,(%%edi)\n\t"
                                "addl $1,%%ebx\n\t"
                                "cmpl $32,%%ebx\n\t"
                                "jne L21\n\t"
                                "movl %%esi,%%ecx\n\t"
                                "xorl %%ebx,%%ebx\n\t"
                                "jmp L22\n"
                                "L21:\n\t"
                                "shll $1,%%ecx\n\t"
                                "orl %%eax,%%ecx\n\t"
                                "L22:\n\t"
                                "cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t"
                                "jb L923\n\t"
                                : "=b" (k), "=c" (pat)
                                : "D" (p),"d" (pe),"b" (k),"c" (pat),
                                        "a" (sval), "S" (lb)
			);
			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}

	/* Do moving inversions test. Check for initial pattern and then
	 * write the complement for each memory location. Test from bottom
	 * up and then from the top down.  */
	for (i=0; i<iter; i++) {
		for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
			calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 64);
			pe = start;
			p = start;
			done = 0;
			k = off;
			pat = p1;
			do {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR

				/* Check for overflow */
				if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
					pe += SPINSZ;
				} else {
					pe = end;
				}
				if (pe >= end) {
					pe = end;
					done++;
				}
				if (p == pe ) {
					break;
				}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *				while (1) {
 *					if ((bad=*p) != pat) {
 *						error((ulong*)p, pat, bad);
 *					}
 *					*p = ~pat;
 *					if (p >= pe) break;
 *					p++;
 *
 *					if (++k >= 32) {
 *						pat = lb;
 *						k = 0;
 *					} else {
 *						pat = pat << 1;
 *						pat |= sval;
 *					}
 *				}
 */
				asm __volatile__ (
                                        "pushl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        "jmp L30\n\t"
                                        ".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
                                        "L930:\n\t"
                                        "addl $4,%%edi\n\t"
                                        "L30:\n\t"
                                        "movl (%%edi),%%ebp\n\t"
                                        "cmpl %%ecx,%%ebp\n\t"
                                        "jne L34\n\t"

                                        "L35:\n\t"
                                        "notl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "movl %%ecx,(%%edi)\n\t"
                                        "notl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "incl %%ebx\n\t"
                                        "cmpl $32,%%ebx\n\t"
                                        "jne L31\n\t"
                                        "movl %%esi,%%ecx\n\t"
                                        "xorl %%ebx,%%ebx\n\t"
                                        "jmp L32\n"
                                        "L31:\n\t"
                                        "shll $1,%%ecx\n\t"
                                        "orl %%eax,%%ecx\n\t"
					"L32:\n\t"
                                        "cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t"
                                        "jb L930\n\t"
                                        "jmp L33\n\t"

                                        "L34:\n\t" \
                                        "pushl %%esi\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%eax\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%ebx\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%edx\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%edi\n\t"
                                        "call error\n\t"
                                        "popl %%edi\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        "popl %%edx\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebx\n\t"
                                        "popl %%eax\n\t"
                                        "popl %%esi\n\t"
                                        "jmp L35\n"

                                        "L33:\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        : "=b" (k),"=c" (pat)
                                        : "D" (p),"d" (pe),"b" (k),"c" (pat),
                                                "a" (sval), "S" (lb)
				);
				p = pe + 1;
			} while (!done);
		}

                if (--k < 0) {
                        k = 31;
                }
                for (pat = lb, n = 0; n < k; n++) {
                        pat = pat << 1;
                        pat |= sval;
                }
		k++;

		for (j=segs-1; j>=0; j--) {
			calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 64);
			p = end;
			pe = end;
			done = 0;
			do {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR

				/* Check for underflow */
                                if (pe - SPINSZ < pe && pe != 0) {
                                        pe -= SPINSZ;
                                } else {
                                        pe = start;
					done++;
                                }
				/* We need this redundant check because we are
				 * using unsigned longs for the address.
				 */
				if (pe < start || pe > end) {
					pe = start;
					done++;
				}
				if (p == pe ) {
					break;
				}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *				while(1) {
 *					if ((bad=*p) != ~pat) {
 *						error((ulong*)p, ~pat, bad);
 *					}
 *					*p = pat;
					if (p >= pe) break;
					p++;
 *					if (--k <= 0) {
 *						pat = hb;
 *						k = 32;
 *					} else {
 *						pat = pat >> 1;
 *						pat |= p3;
 *					}
 *				};
 */
				asm __volatile__ (
                                        "pushl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        "jmp L40\n\t"
                                        ".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
                                        "L49:\n\t"
                                        "subl $4,%%edi\n\t"
                                        "L40:\n\t"
                                        "movl (%%edi),%%ebp\n\t"
                                        "notl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "cmpl %%ecx,%%ebp\n\t"
                                        "jne L44\n\t"

                                        "L45:\n\t"
                                        "notl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "movl %%ecx,(%%edi)\n\t"
                                        "decl %%ebx\n\t"
                                        "cmpl $0,%%ebx\n\t"
                                        "jg L41\n\t"
                                        "movl %%esi,%%ecx\n\t"
                                        "movl $32,%%ebx\n\t"
                                        "jmp L42\n"
                                        "L41:\n\t"
                                        "shrl $1,%%ecx\n\t"
                                        "orl %%eax,%%ecx\n\t"
					"L42:\n\t"
                                        "cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t"
                                        "ja L49\n\t"
                                        "jmp L43\n\t"

                                        "L44:\n\t" \
                                        "pushl %%esi\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%eax\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%ebx\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%edx\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "pushl %%edi\n\t"
                                        "call error\n\t"
                                        "popl %%edi\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ecx\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        "popl %%edx\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebx\n\t"
                                        "popl %%eax\n\t"
                                        "popl %%esi\n\t"
                                        "jmp L45\n"

                                        "L43:\n\t"
                                        "popl %%ebp\n\t"
                                        : "=b" (k), "=c" (pat)
                                        : "D" (p),"d" (pe),"b" (k),"c" (pat),
                                                "a" (p3), "S" (hb)
				);
				p = pe - 1;
			} while (!done);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Test all of memory using modulo X access pattern.
 */
void modtst(int offset, int iter, ulong p1, ulong p2, int me)
{
	int j, k, l, done;
	ulong *p;
	ulong *pe;
	ulong *start, *end;

	/* Display the current pattern */
        if (mstr_cpu == me) {
		hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT-2, p1);
		cprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT+6, "-");
       		dprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT+7, offset, 2, 1);
	}

	/* Write every nth location with pattern */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
		end -= MOD_SZ;	/* adjust the ending address */
		pe = (ulong *)start;
		p = start+offset;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *			for (; p <= pe; p += MOD_SZ) {
 *				*p = p1;
 *			}
 */
			asm __volatile__ (
				"jmp L60\n\t" \
				".p2align 4,,7\n\t" \

				"L60:\n\t" \
				"movl %%eax,(%%edi)\n\t" \
				"addl $80,%%edi\n\t" \
				"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t" \
				"jb L60\n\t" \
				: "=D" (p)
				: "D" (p), "d" (pe), "a" (p1)
			);
		} while (!done);
	}

	/* Write the rest of memory "iter" times with the pattern complement */
	for (l=0; l<iter; l++) {
		for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
			calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
			pe = (ulong *)start;
			p = start;
			done = 0;
			k = 0;
			do {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR

				/* Check for overflow */
				if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
					pe += SPINSZ;
				} else {
					pe = end;
				}
				if (pe >= end) {
					pe = end;
					done++;
				}
				if (p == pe ) {
					break;
				}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *				for (; p <= pe; p++) {
 *					if (k != offset) {
 *						*p = p2;
 *					}
 *					if (++k > MOD_SZ-1) {
 *						k = 0;
 *					}
 *				}
 */
				asm __volatile__ (
					"jmp L50\n\t" \
					".p2align 4,,7\n\t" \

					"L54:\n\t" \
					"addl $4,%%edi\n\t" \
					"L50:\n\t" \
					"cmpl %%ebx,%%ecx\n\t" \
					"je L52\n\t" \
					  "movl %%eax,(%%edi)\n\t" \
					"L52:\n\t" \
					"incl %%ebx\n\t" \
					"cmpl $19,%%ebx\n\t" \
					"jle L53\n\t" \
					  "xorl %%ebx,%%ebx\n\t" \
					"L53:\n\t" \
					"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t" \
					"jb L54\n\t" \
					: "=b" (k)
					: "D" (p), "d" (pe), "a" (p2),
						"b" (k), "c" (offset)
				);
				p = pe + 1;
			} while (!done);
		}
	}

	/* Now check every nth location */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 4);
		pe = (ulong *)start;
		p = start+offset;
		done = 0;
		end -= MOD_SZ;	/* adjust the ending address */
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
/* Original C code replaced with hand tuned assembly code
 *			for (; p <= pe; p += MOD_SZ) {
 *				if ((bad=*p) != p1) {
 *					error((ulong*)p, p1, bad);
 *				}
 *			}
 */
			asm __volatile__ (
				"jmp L70\n\t" \
				".p2align 4,,7\n\t" \

				"L70:\n\t" \
				"movl (%%edi),%%ecx\n\t" \
				"cmpl %%eax,%%ecx\n\t" \
				"jne L71\n\t" \
				"L72:\n\t" \
				"addl $80,%%edi\n\t" \
				"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t" \
				"jb L70\n\t" \
				"jmp L73\n\t" \

				"L71:\n\t" \
				"pushl %%edx\n\t"
				"pushl %%ecx\n\t"
				"pushl %%eax\n\t"
				"pushl %%edi\n\t"
				"call error\n\t"
				"popl %%edi\n\t"
				"popl %%eax\n\t"
				"popl %%ecx\n\t"
				"popl %%edx\n\t"
				"jmp L72\n"

				"L73:\n\t" \
				: "=D" (p)
				: "D" (p), "d" (pe), "a" (p1)
				: "ecx"
			);
		} while (!done);
	}
}

/*
 * Test memory using block moves 
 * Adapted from Robert Redelmeier's burnBX test
 */
void block_move(int iter, int me)
{
	int i, j, done;
	ulong len;
	ulong *p, *pe, pp;
	ulong *start, *end;

        cprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT-2, "          ");

	/* Initialize memory with the initial pattern.  */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 64);

		// end is always xxxxxffc, so increment so that length calculations are correct
		end = end + 1;

		pe = start;
		p = start;

		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
			len  = ((ulong)pe - (ulong)p) / 64;
			//len++;
			asm __volatile__ (
				"jmp L100\n\t"

				".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
				"L100:\n\t"

				// First loop eax is 0x00000001, edx is 0xfffffffe
				"movl %%eax, %%edx\n\t"
				"notl %%edx\n\t"

				// Set a block of 64-bytes	// First loop DWORDS are 
				"movl %%eax,0(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,4(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,8(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,12(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%edx,16(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0xfffffffe
				"movl %%edx,20(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0xfffffffe
				"movl %%eax,24(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,28(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,32(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,36(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%edx,40(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0xfffffffe
				"movl %%edx,44(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0xfffffffe
				"movl %%eax,48(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%eax,52(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0x00000001
				"movl %%edx,56(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0xfffffffe
				"movl %%edx,60(%%edi)\n\t"	// 0xfffffffe

				// rotate left with carry, 
				// second loop eax is		 0x00000002
				// second loop edx is (~eax) 0xfffffffd
				"rcll $1, %%eax\n\t"		
				
				// Move current position forward 64-bytes (to start of next block)
				"leal 64(%%edi), %%edi\n\t"

				// Loop until end
				"decl %%ecx\n\t"
				"jnz  L100\n\t"

				: "=D" (p)
				: "D" (p), "c" (len), "a" (1)
				: "edx"
			);
		} while (!done);
	}
	s_barrier();

	/* Now move the data around 
	 * First move the data up half of the segment size we are testing
	 * Then move the data to the original location + 32 bytes
	 */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 64);

		// end is always xxxxxffc, so increment so that length calculations are correct
		end = end + 1;
		pe = start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;

		do {

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
			pp = (ulong)p + (((ulong)pe - (ulong)p) / 2); // Mid-point of this block
			len  = ((ulong)pe - (ulong)p) / 8; // Half the size of this block in DWORDS
			for(i=0; i<iter; i++) {
				do_tick(me);
				BAILR
				asm __volatile__ (
					"cld\n"
					"jmp L110\n\t"

					".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
					"L110:\n\t"

					//
					// At the end of all this 
					// - the second half equals the inital value of the first half
					// - the first half is right shifted 32-bytes (with wrapping)
					//

					// Move first half to second half
					"movl %1,%%edi\n\t" // Destionation, pp (mid point)
					"movl %0,%%esi\n\t" // Source, p (start point)
					"movl %2,%%ecx\n\t" // Length, len (size of a half in DWORDS)
					"rep\n\t"
					"movsl\n\t"

					// Move the second half, less the last 32-bytes. To the first half, offset plus 32-bytes
					"movl %0,%%edi\n\t"
					"addl $32,%%edi\n\t"	// Destination, p(start-point) plus 32 bytes
					"movl %1,%%esi\n\t"		// Source, pp(mid-point)
					"movl %2,%%ecx\n\t"
					"subl $8,%%ecx\n\t"		// Length, len(size of a half in DWORDS) minus 8 DWORDS (32 bytes)
					"rep\n\t"
					"movsl\n\t"

					// Move last 8 DWORDS (32-bytes) of the second half to the start of the first half
					"movl %0,%%edi\n\t"		// Destination, p(start-point)
											// Source, 8 DWORDS from the end of the second half, left over by the last rep/movsl
					"movl $8,%%ecx\n\t"		// Length, 8 DWORDS (32-bytes)
					"rep\n\t"
					"movsl\n\t"

					:: "g" (p), "g" (pp), "g" (len)
					: "edi", "esi", "ecx"
				);
			}
			p = pe;
		} while (!done);
	}
	s_barrier();

	/* Now check the data 
	 * The error checking is rather crude.  We just check that the
	 * adjacent words are the same.
	 */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		calculate_chunk(&start, &end, me, j, 64);

		// end is always xxxxxffc, so increment so that length calculations are correct
		end = end + 1;
		pe = start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
			pe-=2;	/* the last dwords to test are pe[0] and pe[1] */
			asm __volatile__ (
				"jmp L120\n\t"

				".p2align 4,,7\n\t"
				"L124:\n\t"
				"addl $8,%%edi\n\t" // Next QWORD
				"L120:\n\t"

				// Compare adjacent DWORDS
				"movl (%%edi),%%ecx\n\t"
				"cmpl 4(%%edi),%%ecx\n\t"
				"jnz L121\n\t" // Print error if they don't match

				// Loop until end of block
				"L122:\n\t"
				"cmpl %%edx,%%edi\n\t"
				"jb L124\n"
				"jmp L123\n\t"

				"L121:\n\t"
				// eax not used so we don't need to save it as per cdecl
				// ecx is used but not restored, however we don't need it's value anymore after this point
				"pushl %%edx\n\t"
				"pushl 4(%%edi)\n\t"
				"pushl %%ecx\n\t"
				"pushl %%edi\n\t"
				"call error\n\t"
				"popl %%edi\n\t"
				"addl $8,%%esp\n\t"
				"popl %%edx\n\t"
				"jmp L122\n"
				"L123:\n\t"
				: "=D" (p)
				: "D" (p), "d" (pe)
				: "ecx"
			);
		} while (!done);
	}
}

/*
 * Test memory for bit fade, fill memory with pattern.
 */
void bit_fade_fill(ulong p1, int me)
{
	int j, done;
	ulong *p, *pe;
	ulong *start,*end;

	/* Display the current pattern */
	hprint(LINE_PAT, COL_PAT, p1);

	/* Initialize memory with the initial pattern.  */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		start = v->map[j].start;
		end = v->map[j].end;
		pe = (ulong *)start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
 			for (; p < pe;) {
				*p = p1;
				p++;
			}
			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}
}

void bit_fade_chk(ulong p1, int me)
{
	int j, done;
	ulong *p, *pe, bad;
	ulong *start,*end;

	/* Make sure that nothing changed while sleeping */
	for (j=0; j<segs; j++) {
		start = v->map[j].start;
		end = v->map[j].end;
		pe = (ulong *)start;
		p = start;
		done = 0;
		do {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR

			/* Check for overflow */
			if (pe + SPINSZ > pe && pe != 0) {
				pe += SPINSZ;
			} else {
				pe = end;
			}
			if (pe >= end) {
				pe = end;
				done++;
			}
			if (p == pe ) {
				break;
			}
 			for (; p < pe;) {
 				if ((bad=*p) != p1) {
					error((ulong*)p, p1, bad);
				}
				p++;
			}
			p = pe + 1;
		} while (!done);
	}
}




/* Sleep for N seconds */
void sleep(long n, int flag, int me, int sms)
{
	ulong sh, sl, l, h, t, ip=0;

	/* save the starting time */
	asm __volatile__(
		"rdtsc":"=a" (sl),"=d" (sh));

	/* loop for n seconds */
	while (1) {
		asm __volatile__(
			"rep ; nop\n\t"
			"rdtsc":"=a" (l),"=d" (h));
		asm __volatile__ (
			"subl %2,%0\n\t"
			"sbbl %3,%1"
			:"=a" (l), "=d" (h)
			:"g" (sl), "g" (sh),
			"0" (l), "1" (h));

		if (sms != 0) {
			t = h * ((unsigned)0xffffffff / v->clks_msec);
			t += (l / v->clks_msec);
		} else {
			t = h * ((unsigned)0xffffffff / v->clks_msec) / 1000;
			t += (l / v->clks_msec) / 1000;
		}
		
		/* Is the time up? */
		if (t >= n) {
			break;
		}

		/* Only display elapsed time if flag is set */
		if (flag == 0) {
			continue;
		}

		if (t != ip) {
			do_tick(me);
			BAILR
			ip = t;
		}
	}
}

/* Beep function */

void beep(unsigned int frequency)
{
	
	unsigned int count = 1193180 / frequency;

	// Switch on the speaker
	outb_p(inb_p(0x61)|3, 0x61);

	// Set command for counter 2, 2 byte write
	outb_p(0xB6, 0x43);

	// Select desired Hz
	outb_p(count & 0xff, 0x42);
	outb((count >> 8) & 0xff, 0x42);

	// Block for 100 microseconds
	sleep(100, 0, 0, 1);

	// Switch off the speaker
	outb(inb_p(0x61)&0xFC, 0x61);
}