File: hash_map_kernel_abstract.h

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// Copyright (C) 2003  Davis E. King (davis@dlib.net)
// License: Boost Software License   See LICENSE.txt for the full license.
#undef DLIB_HASH_MAP_KERNEl_ABSTRACT_
#ifdef DLIB_HASH_MAP_KERNEl_ABSTRACT_

#include "../general_hash/general_hash.h"
#include "../interfaces/enumerable.h"
#include "../interfaces/remover.h"
#include "../interfaces/map_pair.h"
#include "../serialize.h"
#include "../algs.h"
#include <functional>

namespace dlib
{

    template <
        typename domain,
        typename range,
        unsigned long expnum,
        typename mem_manager = default_memory_manager,
        typename compare = std::less<T>
        >
    class hash_map : public enumerable<map_pair<domain,range> >,
                     public pair_remover<domain,range>
    {

        /*!
            REQUIREMENTS ON domain
                domain must be comparable by compare where compare is a functor compatible with std::less and
                domain must be hashable by general_hash 
                (general_hash is defined in dlib/general_hash) and 
                domain must be swappable by a global swap() and
                domain must have a default constructor

            REQUIREMENTS ON range
                range must be swappable by a global swap() and
                range must have a default constructor

            REQUIREMENTS ON expnum
                expnum < 32
                2^expnum is the number of buckets to hash items of type T into.
                Note that this is really just a suggestion to the hash table.
                Implementations are free to manage the table size however is most
                appropriate.

            REQUIREMENTS ON mem_manager
                must be an implementation of memory_manager/memory_manager_kernel_abstract.h or
                must be an implementation of memory_manager_global/memory_manager_global_kernel_abstract.h or
                must be an implementation of memory_manager_stateless/memory_manager_stateless_kernel_abstract.h 
                mem_manager::type can be set to anything.

            POINTERS AND REFERENCES TO INTERNAL DATA
                swap(), is_in_domain(), and operator[] functions do 
                not invalidate pointers or references to internal data.
                All other functions have no such guarantees.

            INITIAL VALUE
                size() == 0

            ENUMERATION ORDER
                No order is specified.  Only that each element will be visited once
                and only once.

            WHAT THIS OBJECT REPRESENTS
                hash_map contains items of type domain and range

                This object is similar an array.  It maps items of type domain on to 
                items of type range.  

                Also note that unless specified otherwise, no member functions
                of this object throw exceptions.

                definition of equivalent:
                a is equivalent to b if
                a < b == false and
                b < a == false
        !*/
        
        public:

            typedef domain domain_type;
            typedef range range_type;
            typedef compare compare_type;
            typedef mem_manager mem_manager_type;

            hash_map(
            );
            /*!
                ensures 
                    - #*this is properly initialized
                throws
                    - std::bad_alloc or any exception thrown by domain's or range's 
                      constructor.
            !*/

            virtual ~hash_map(
            ); 
            /*!
                ensures
                    - all memory associated with *this has been released
            !*/

            void clear(
            );
            /*!
                ensures
                    - #*this has its initial value
                throws
                    - std::bad_alloc or any exception thrown by domain's or range's 
                      constructor.
                        if this exception is thrown then *this is unusable 
                        until clear() is called and succeeds
            !*/

            void add (
                domain& d,
                range& r
            );
            /*!
                requires
                    - &d != &r (i.e. d and r cannot be the same variable) 
                    - is_in_domain(d)  == false
                ensures
                    - #is_in_domain(d) == true 
                    - #operator[](d)   == r    
                    - #d and #r have initial values for their types 
                    - #size() == size() + 1
                    - #at_start() == true
                throws 
                    - std::bad_alloc or any exception thrown by domain's or range's 
                      constructor.
                        if add() throws then it has no effect
            !*/

            bool is_in_domain (
                const domain& d
            ) const;
            /*!
                ensures
                    - returns whether or not an element equivalent to d is in the 
                      domain of *this
            !*/

            void remove (
                const domain& d,
                domain& d_copy,
                range& r
            );
            /*!
                requires
                    - &d != &r (i.e. d and r cannot be the same variable) 
                    - &d != &d_copy (i.e. d and d_copy cannot be the same variable) 
                    - &r != &d_copy (i.e. r and d_copy cannot be the same variable) 
                    - is_in_domain(d) == true
                ensures
                    - #is_in_domain(d) == false 
                    - #d_copy is equivalent to d 
                    - the element in the range of *this associated with #d_copy has 
                      been swapped into #r 
                    - #size() == size() - 1
                    - #at_start() == true
            !*/

            void destroy (
                const domain& d
            );
            /*!
                requires
                    - is_in_domain(d) == true
                ensures
                    - #is_in_domain(d) == false 
                    - #size() == size() - 1
                    - #at_start() == true
            !*/

            range& operator[] (
                const domain& d
            );
            /*!
                requires
                    - is_in_domain(d) == true
                ensures
                    - returns a non-const reference to the element in the range of *this 
                      associated with the element equivalent to d
            !*/

            const range& operator[] (
                const domain& d
            ) const;
            /*!
                requires
                    - is_in_domain(d) == true
                ensures
                    - returns a const reference to the element in the range of *this 
                      associated with the element equivalent to d
            !*/

            void swap (
                hash_map& item
            );
            /*!
                ensures
                    - swaps *this and item
            !*/ 

    
        private:

            // restricted functions
            hash_map(hash_map&);        
            hash_map& operator=(hash_map&);   
    };

    template <
        typename domain,
        typename range,
        unsigned long expnum,
        typename mem_manager,
        typename compare
        >
    inline void swap (
        hash_map<domain,range,expnum,mem_manager,compare>& a, 
        hash_map<domain,range,expnum,mem_manager,compare>& b 
    ) { a.swap(b); }   
    /*!
        provides a global swap function
    !*/

    template <
        typename domain,
        typename range,
        unsigned long expnum,
        typename mem_manager,
        typename compare
        >
    void deserialize (
        hash_map<domain,range,expnum,mem_manager,compare>& item,
        std::istream& in
    );   
    /*!
        provides deserialization support 
    !*/
}

#endif // DLIB_HASH_MAP_KERNEl_ABSTRACT_