File: parse_ini.c

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/*****************************************************************************
* 
* Monitoring Plugins parse_ini library
* 
* License: GPL
* Copyright (c) 2007 Monitoring Plugins Development Team
* 
* This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* 
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* 
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
* 
* 
*****************************************************************************/

#include "common.h"
#include "idpriv.h"
#include "utils_base.h"
#include "parse_ini.h"

#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>

/* np_ini_info contains the result of parsing a "locator" in the format
 * [stanza_name][@config_filename] (check_foo@/etc/foo.ini, for example)
 */
typedef struct {
	char *file;
	char *stanza;
} np_ini_info;

static char *default_ini_file_names[] = {
	"monitoring-plugins.ini",
	"plugins.ini",
	"nagios-plugins.ini",
	NULL
};

static char *default_ini_path_names[] = {
	"/usr/local/etc/monitoring-plugins/monitoring-plugins.ini",
	"/usr/local/etc/monitoring-plugins.ini",
	"/etc/monitoring-plugins/monitoring-plugins.ini",
	"/etc/monitoring-plugins.ini",
	/* deprecated path names (for backward compatibility): */
	"/etc/nagios/plugins.ini",
	"/usr/local/nagios/etc/plugins.ini",
	"/usr/local/etc/nagios/plugins.ini",
	"/etc/opt/nagios/plugins.ini",
	"/etc/nagios-plugins.ini",
	"/usr/local/etc/nagios-plugins.ini",
	"/etc/opt/nagios-plugins.ini",
	NULL
};

/* eat all characters from a FILE pointer until n is encountered */
#define GOBBLE_TO(f, c, n) do { (c)=fgetc((f)); } while((c)!=EOF && (c)!=(n))

/* internal function that returns the constructed defaults options */
static int read_defaults(FILE *f, const char *stanza, np_arg_list **opts);

/* internal function that converts a single line into options format */
static int add_option(FILE *f, np_arg_list **optlst);

/* internal functions to find default file */
static char *default_file(void);
static char *default_file_in_path(void);

/*
 * Parse_locator decomposes a string of the form
 * 	[stanza][@filename]
 * into its seperate parts.
 */
static void
parse_locator(const char *locator, const char *def_stanza, np_ini_info *i)
{
	size_t locator_len = 0, stanza_len = 0;

	/* if locator is NULL we'll use default values */
	if (locator != NULL) {
		locator_len = strlen(locator);
		stanza_len = strcspn(locator, "@");
	}
	/* if a non-default stanza is provided */
	if (stanza_len > 0) {
		i->stanza = malloc(sizeof(char) * (stanza_len + 1));
		strncpy(i->stanza, locator, stanza_len);
		i->stanza[stanza_len] = '\0';
	} else	/* otherwise we use the default stanza */
		i->stanza = strdup(def_stanza);

	if (i->stanza == NULL)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, _("malloc() failed!\n"));

	/* check whether there's an @file part */
	i->file = stanza_len == locator_len
	    ? default_file()
	    : strdup(&(locator[stanza_len + 1]));
	if (i->file == NULL || i->file[0] == '\0')
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN,
		    _("Cannot find config file in any standard location.\n"));
}

/*
 * This is the externally visible function used by extra_opts.
 */
np_arg_list *
np_get_defaults(const char *locator, const char *default_section)
{
	FILE *inifile = NULL;
	np_arg_list *defaults = NULL;
	np_ini_info i;
	int is_suid_plugin = mp_suid();

	if (is_suid_plugin && idpriv_temp_drop() == -1)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, _("Cannot drop privileges: %s\n"),
		    strerror(errno));

	parse_locator(locator, default_section, &i);
	inifile = strcmp(i.file, "-") == 0 ? stdin : fopen(i.file, "r");

	if (inifile == NULL)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, _("Can't read config file: %s\n"),
		    strerror(errno));
	if (read_defaults(inifile, i.stanza, &defaults) == FALSE)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN,
		    _("Invalid section '%s' in config file '%s'\n"), i.stanza,
		    i.file);

	free(i.file);
	if (inifile != stdin)
		fclose(inifile);
	free(i.stanza);
	if (is_suid_plugin && idpriv_temp_restore() == -1)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, _("Cannot restore privileges: %s\n"),
		    strerror(errno));

	return defaults;
}

/*
 * The read_defaults() function is where the meat of the parsing takes place.
 *
 * Note that this may be called by a setuid binary, so we need to
 * be extra careful about user-supplied input (i.e. avoiding possible
 * format string vulnerabilities, etc).
 */
static int
read_defaults(FILE *f, const char *stanza, np_arg_list **opts)
{
	int c, status = FALSE;
	size_t i, stanza_len;
	enum { NOSTANZA, WRONGSTANZA, RIGHTSTANZA } stanzastate = NOSTANZA;

	stanza_len = strlen(stanza);

	/* our little stanza-parsing state machine */
	while ((c = fgetc(f)) != EOF) {
		/* gobble up leading whitespace */
		if (isspace(c))
			continue;
		switch (c) {
			/* globble up coment lines */
		case ';':
		case '#':
			GOBBLE_TO(f, c, '\n');
			break;
			/* start of a stanza, check to see if it matches */
		case '[':
			stanzastate = WRONGSTANZA;
			for (i = 0; i < stanza_len; i++) {
				c = fgetc(f);
				/* strip leading whitespace */
				if (i == 0)
					for (; isspace(c); c = fgetc(f))
						continue;
				/* nope, read to the end of the line */
				if (c != stanza[i]) {
					GOBBLE_TO(f, c, '\n');
					break;
				}
			}
			/* if it matched up to here and the next char is ']'... */
			if (i == stanza_len) {
				c = fgetc(f);
				/* strip trailing whitespace */
				for (; isspace(c); c = fgetc(f))
					continue;
				if (c == ']')
					stanzastate = RIGHTSTANZA;
			}
			break;
			/* otherwise, we're in the body of a stanza or a parse error */
		default:
			switch (stanzastate) {
				/* we never found the start of the first stanza, so
				 * we're dealing with a config error
				 */
			case NOSTANZA:
				die(STATE_UNKNOWN, "%s\n",
				    _("Config file error"));
				/* we're in a stanza, but for a different plugin */
			case WRONGSTANZA:
				GOBBLE_TO(f, c, '\n');
				break;
				/* okay, this is where we start taking the config */
			case RIGHTSTANZA:
				ungetc(c, f);
				if (add_option(f, opts)) {
					die(STATE_UNKNOWN, "%s\n",
					    _("Config file error"));
				}
				status = TRUE;
				break;
			}
			break;
		}
	}
	return status;
}

/*
 * Read one line of input in the format
 * 	^option[[:space:]]*(=[[:space:]]*value)?
 * and create it as a cmdline argument
 * 	--option[=value]
 * appending it to the linked list optbuf.
 */
static int
add_option(FILE *f, np_arg_list **optlst)
{
	np_arg_list *opttmp = *optlst, *optnew;
	char *linebuf = NULL, *lineend = NULL, *optptr = NULL, *optend = NULL;
	char *eqptr = NULL, *valptr = NULL, *valend = NULL;
	short done_reading = 0, equals = 0, value = 0;
	size_t cfg_len = 0, read_sz = 8, linebuf_sz = 0, read_pos = 0;
	size_t opt_len = 0, val_len = 0;

	/* read one line from the file */
	while (!done_reading) {
		/* grow if necessary */
		if (linebuf == NULL || read_pos + read_sz >= linebuf_sz) {
			linebuf_sz = linebuf_sz > 0 ? linebuf_sz << 1 : read_sz;
			linebuf = realloc(linebuf, linebuf_sz);
			if (linebuf == NULL)
				die(STATE_UNKNOWN, _("malloc() failed!\n"));
		}
		if (fgets(&linebuf[read_pos], (int)read_sz, f) == NULL)
			done_reading = 1;
		else {
			read_pos = strlen(linebuf);
			if (linebuf[read_pos - 1] == '\n') {
				linebuf[--read_pos] = '\0';
				done_reading = 1;
			}
		}
	}
	lineend = &linebuf[read_pos];
	/* all that to read one line, isn't C fun? :) now comes the parsing :/ */

	/* skip leading whitespace */
	for (optptr = linebuf; optptr < lineend && isspace(*optptr); optptr++)
		continue;
	/* continue to '=' or EOL, watching for spaces that might precede it */
	for (eqptr = optptr; eqptr < lineend && *eqptr != '='; eqptr++) {
		if (isspace(*eqptr) && optend == NULL)
			optend = eqptr;
		else
			optend = NULL;
	}
	if (optend == NULL)
		optend = eqptr;
	--optend;
	/* ^[[:space:]]*=foo is a syntax error */
	if (optptr == eqptr)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, "%s\n", _("Config file error"));
	/* continue from '=' to start of value or EOL */
	for (valptr = eqptr + 1; valptr < lineend && isspace(*valptr);
	    valptr++)
		continue;
	/* continue to the end of value */
	for (valend = valptr; valend < lineend; valend++)
		continue;
	--valend;
	/* finally trim off trailing spaces */
	for (; isspace(*valend); valend--)
		continue;
	/* calculate the length of "--foo" */
	opt_len = (size_t)(1 + optend - optptr);
	/* 1-character params needs only one dash */
	if (opt_len == 1)
		cfg_len = 1 + (opt_len);
	else
		cfg_len = 2 + (opt_len);
	/* if valptr<lineend then we have to also allocate space for "=bar" */
	if (valptr < lineend) {
		equals = value = 1;
		val_len = (size_t)(1 + valend - valptr);
		cfg_len += 1 + val_len;
	}
	/* if valptr==valend then we have "=" but no "bar" */
	else if (valptr == lineend) {
		equals = 1;
		cfg_len += 1;
	}
	/* a line with no equal sign isn't valid */
	if (equals == 0)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, "%s\n", _("Config file error"));

	/* okay, now we have all the info we need, so we create a new np_arg_list
	 * element and set the argument...
	 */
	optnew = malloc(sizeof(np_arg_list));
	optnew->next = NULL;

	read_pos = 0;
	optnew->arg = malloc(cfg_len + 1);
	/* 1-character params needs only one dash */
	if (opt_len == 1) {
		strncpy(&optnew->arg[read_pos], "-", 1);
		read_pos += 1;
	} else {
		strncpy(&optnew->arg[read_pos], "--", 2);
		read_pos += 2;
	}
	strncpy(&optnew->arg[read_pos], optptr, opt_len);
	read_pos += opt_len;
	if (value) {
		optnew->arg[read_pos++] = '=';
		strncpy(&optnew->arg[read_pos], valptr, val_len);
		read_pos += val_len;
	}
	optnew->arg[read_pos] = '\0';

	/* ...and put that to the end of the list */
	if (*optlst == NULL)
		*optlst = optnew;
	else {
		while (opttmp->next != NULL)
			opttmp = opttmp->next;
		opttmp->next = optnew;
	}

	free(linebuf);
	return 0;
}

static char *
default_file(void)
{
	char **p, *ini_file;

	if ((ini_file = getenv("MP_CONFIG_FILE")) != NULL ||
	    (ini_file = default_file_in_path()) != NULL)
		return ini_file;
	for (p = default_ini_path_names; *p != NULL; p++)
		if (access(*p, F_OK) == 0)
			return *p;
	return NULL;
}

static char *
default_file_in_path(void)
{
	char *config_path, **file;
	char *dir, *ini_file, *tokens;

	if ((config_path = getenv("NAGIOS_CONFIG_PATH")) == NULL)
		return NULL;
	/* shall we spit out a warning that NAGIOS_CONFIG_PATH is deprecated? */

	if ((tokens = strdup(config_path)) == NULL)
		die(STATE_UNKNOWN, "%s\n", _("Insufficient Memory"));
	for (dir = strtok(tokens, ":"); dir != NULL; dir = strtok(NULL, ":")) {
		for (file = default_ini_file_names; *file != NULL; file++) {
			if ((asprintf(&ini_file, "%s/%s", dir, *file)) < 0)
				die(STATE_UNKNOWN, "%s\n", _("Insufficient Memory"));
			if (access(ini_file, F_OK) == 0) {
				free(tokens);
				return ini_file;
			}
		}
	}
	free(tokens);
	return NULL;
}