File: GzipOutputStream.cs

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// GzipOutputStream.cs
//
// Copyright (C) 2001 Mike Krueger
//
// This file was translated from java, it was part of the GNU Classpath
// Copyright (C) 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
// as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
// of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
// Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
// 
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give you
// permission to link this library with independent modules to produce an
// executable, regardless of the license terms of these independent
// modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting executable under
// terms of your choice, provided that you also meet, for each linked
// independent module, the terms and conditions of the license of that
// module.  An independent module is a module which is not derived from
// or based on this library.  If you modify this library, you may extend
// this exception to your version of the library, but you are not
// obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to do so, delete this
// exception statement from your version.

using System;
using System.IO;

using ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Checksums;
using ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Zip.Compression;
using ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Zip.Compression.Streams;

namespace ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.GZip 
{
	
	/// <summary>
	/// This filter stream is used to compress a stream into a "GZIP" stream.
	/// The "GZIP" format is described in RFC 1952.
	///
	/// author of the original java version : John Leuner
	/// </summary>
	/// <example> This sample shows how to gzip a file
	/// <code>
	/// using System;
	/// using System.IO;
	/// 
	/// using ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.GZip;
	/// 
	/// class MainClass
	/// {
	/// 	public static void Main(string[] args)
	/// 	{
	/// 		Stream s = new GZipOutputStream(File.Create(args[0] + ".gz"));
	/// 		FileStream fs = File.OpenRead(args[0]);
	/// 		byte[] writeData = new byte[fs.Length];
	/// 		fs.Read(writeData, 0, (int)fs.Length);
	/// 		s.Write(writeData, 0, writeData.Length);
	/// 		s.Close();
	/// 	}
	/// }	
	/// </code>
	/// </example>
	public class GZipOutputStream : DeflaterOutputStream
	{
		/// <summary>
		/// CRC-32 value for uncompressed data
		/// </summary>
		protected Crc32 crc = new Crc32();
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Creates a GzipOutputStream with the default buffer size
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="baseOutputStream">
		/// The stream to read data (to be compressed) from
		/// </param>
		public GZipOutputStream(Stream baseOutputStream) : this(baseOutputStream, 4096)
		{
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Creates a GZipOutputStream with the specified buffer size
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="baseOutputStream">
		/// The stream to read data (to be compressed) from
		/// </param>
		/// <param name="size">
		/// Size of the buffer to use
		/// </param>
		public GZipOutputStream(Stream baseOutputStream, int size) : base(baseOutputStream, new Deflater(Deflater.DEFAULT_COMPRESSION, true), size)
		{
			WriteHeader();
		}
		
		void WriteHeader()
		{
			int mod_time = (int)(DateTime.Now.Ticks / 10000L);  // Ticks give back 100ns intervals
			byte[] gzipHeader = {
				/* The two magic bytes */
				(byte) (GZipConstants.GZIP_MAGIC >> 8), (byte) GZipConstants.GZIP_MAGIC,
				
				/* The compression type */
				(byte) Deflater.DEFLATED,
				
				/* The flags (not set) */
				0,
				
				/* The modification time */
				(byte) mod_time, (byte) (mod_time >> 8),
				(byte) (mod_time >> 16), (byte) (mod_time >> 24),
				
				/* The extra flags */
				0,
				
				/* The OS type (unknown) */
				(byte) 255
			};
			baseOutputStream.Write(gzipHeader, 0, gzipHeader.Length);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Write given buffer to output updating crc
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="buf">Buffer to write</param>
		/// <param name="off">Offset of first byte in buf to write</param>
		/// <param name="len">Number of bytes to write</param>
		public override void Write(byte[] buf, int off, int len)
		{
			crc.Update(buf, off, len);
			base.Write(buf, off, len);
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Writes remaining compressed output data to the output stream
		/// and closes it.
		/// </summary>
		public override void Close()
		{
			Finish();
			
			if ( IsStreamOwner ) {
				baseOutputStream.Close();
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Sets the active compression level (1-9).  The new level will be activated
		/// immediately.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// Level specified is not supported.
		/// </exception>
		/// <see cref="Deflater"/>
		public void SetLevel(int level)
		{
			if (level < Deflater.BEST_SPEED) {
				throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("level");
			}
			def.SetLevel(level);
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Get the current compression level.
		/// </summary>
		/// <returns>The current compression level.</returns>
		public int GetLevel()
		{
			return def.GetLevel();
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Finish compression and write any footer information required to stream
		/// </summary>
		public override void Finish()
		{
			base.Finish();
			
			int totalin = def.TotalIn;
			int crcval = (int) (crc.Value & 0xffffffff);
			
			//    System.err.println("CRC val is " + Integer.toHexString( crcval ) 		       + " and length " + Integer.toHexString(totalin));
			
			byte[] gzipFooter = {
				(byte) crcval, (byte) (crcval >> 8),
				(byte) (crcval >> 16), (byte) (crcval >> 24),
				
				(byte) totalin, (byte) (totalin >> 8),
				(byte) (totalin >> 16), (byte) (totalin >> 24)
			};

			baseOutputStream.Write(gzipFooter, 0, gzipFooter.Length);
			//    System.err.println("wrote GZIP trailer (" + gzipFooter.length + " bytes )");
		}
	}
}