File: ZipEntry.cs

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// ZipEntry.cs
//
// Copyright (C) 2001 Mike Krueger
// Copyright (C) 2004 John Reilly
//
// This file was translated from java, it was part of the GNU Classpath
// Copyright (C) 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
// as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
// of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
// Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
// 
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give you
// permission to link this library with independent modules to produce an
// executable, regardless of the license terms of these independent
// modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting executable under
// terms of your choice, provided that you also meet, for each linked
// independent module, the terms and conditions of the license of that
// module.  An independent module is a module which is not derived from
// or based on this library.  If you modify this library, you may extend
// this exception to your version of the library, but you are not
// obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to do so, delete this
// exception statement from your version.

using System;
using System.IO;

namespace ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Zip
{
	
	/// <summary>
	/// This class represents an entry in a zip archive.  This can be a file
	/// or a directory
	/// ZipFile and ZipInputStream will give you instances of this class as 
	/// information about the members in an archive.  ZipOutputStream
	/// uses an instance of this class when creating an entry in a Zip file.
	/// <br/>
	/// <br/>Author of the original java version : Jochen Hoenicke
	/// </summary>
	public class ZipEntry : ICloneable
	{
		static int KNOWN_SIZE               = 1;
		static int KNOWN_CSIZE              = 2;
		static int KNOWN_CRC                = 4;
		static int KNOWN_TIME               = 8;
		static int KNOWN_EXTERN_ATTRIBUTES 	= 16;
		
		ushort known = 0;                       // Bit flags made up of above bits
		int    externalFileAttributes = -1;     // contains external attributes (os dependant)
		
		ushort versionMadeBy;                   // Contains host system and version information
		                                        // only relevant for central header entries
		
		string name;
		ulong  size;
		ulong  compressedSize;
		ushort versionToExtract;                // Version required to extract (library handles <= 2.0)
		uint   crc;
		uint   dosTime;
		
		CompressionMethod  method = CompressionMethod.Deflated;
		byte[] extra = null;
		string comment = null;
		
		int flags;                             // general purpose bit flags

		int zipFileIndex = -1;                 // used by ZipFile
		int offset;                            // used by ZipFile and ZipOutputStream
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Get/Set flag indicating if entry is encrypted.
		/// A simple helper routine to aid interpretation of <see cref="Flags">flags</see>
		/// </summary>
		public bool IsCrypted {
			get {
				return (flags & 1) != 0; 
			}
			set {
				if (value) {
					flags |= 1;
				} else {
					flags &= ~1;
				}
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Get/Set general purpose bit flag for entry
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// General purpose bit flag<br/>
		/// Bit 0: If set, indicates the file is encrypted<br/>
		/// Bit 1-2 Only used for compression type 6 Imploding, and 8, 9 deflating<br/>
		/// Imploding:<br/>
		/// Bit 1 if set indicates an 8K sliding dictionary was used.  If clear a 4k dictionary was used<br/>
		/// Bit 2 if set indicates 3 Shannon-Fanno trees were used to encode the sliding dictionary, 2 otherwise<br/>
		/// <br/>
		/// Deflating:<br/>
		///   Bit 2    Bit 1<br/>
		///     0        0       Normal compression was used<br/>
		///     0        1       Maximum compression was used<br/>
		///     1        0       Fast compression was used<br/>
		///     1        1       Super fast compression was used<br/>
		/// <br/>
		/// Bit 3: If set, the fields crc-32, compressed size
		/// and uncompressed size are were not able to be written during zip file creation
		/// The correct values are held in a data descriptor immediately following the compressed data. <br/>
		/// Bit 4: Reserved for use by PKZIP for enhanced deflating<br/>
		/// Bit 5: If set indicates the file contains compressed patch data<br/>
		/// Bit 6: If set indicates strong encryption was used.<br/>
		/// Bit 7-15: Unused or reserved<br/>
		/// </remarks>
		public int Flags {
			get { 
				return flags; 
			}
			set {
				flags = value; 
			}
		}


		/// <summary>
		/// Get/Set index of this entry in Zip file
		/// </summary>
		public int ZipFileIndex {
			get {
				return zipFileIndex;
			}
			set {
				zipFileIndex = value;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Get/set offset for use in central header
		/// </summary>
		public int Offset {
			get {
				return offset;
			}
			set {
				if (((ulong)value & 0xFFFFFFFF00000000L) != 0) {
					throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("Offset");
				}
				offset = value;
			}
		}


		/// <summary>
		/// Get/Set external file attributes as an integer.
		/// The values of this are operating system dependant see
		/// <see cref="HostSystem">HostSystem</see> for details
		/// </summary>
		public int ExternalFileAttributes {
			get {
				if ((known & KNOWN_EXTERN_ATTRIBUTES) == 0) {
					return -1;
				} else {
					return externalFileAttributes;
				}
			}
			
			set {
				externalFileAttributes = value;
				known |= (ushort)KNOWN_EXTERN_ATTRIBUTES;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Get the version made by for this entry or zero if unknown.
		/// The value / 10 indicates the major version number, and 
		/// the value mod 10 is the minor version number
		/// </summary>
		public int VersionMadeBy {
			get { 
				return versionMadeBy & 0xff; 
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Gets the compatability information for the <see cref="ExternalFileAttributes">external file attribute</see>
		/// If the external file attributes are compatible with MS-DOS and can be read
		/// by PKZIP for DOS version 2.04g then this value will be zero.  Otherwise the value
		/// will be non-zero and identify the host system on which the attributes are compatible.
		/// </summary>
		/// 		
		/// <remarks>
		/// The values for this as defined in the Zip File format and by others are shown below.  The values are somewhat
		/// misleading in some cases as they are not all used as shown.  You should consult the relevant documentation
		/// to obtain up to date and correct information.  The modified appnote by the infozip group is
		/// particularly helpful as it documents a lot of peculiarities.  The document is however a little dated.
		/// <list type="table">
		/// <item>0 - MS-DOS and OS/2 (FAT / VFAT / FAT32 file systems)</item>
		/// <item>1 - Amiga</item>
		/// <item>2 - OpenVMS</item>
		/// <item>3 - Unix</item>
		/// <item>4 - VM/CMS</item>
		/// <item>5 - Atari ST</item>
		/// <item>6 - OS/2 HPFS</item>
		/// <item>7 - Macintosh</item>
		/// <item>8 - Z-System</item>
		/// <item>9 - CP/M</item>
		/// <item>10 - Windows NTFS</item>
		/// <item>11 - MVS (OS/390 - Z/OS)</item>
		/// <item>12 - VSE</item>
		/// <item>13 - Acorn Risc</item>
		/// <item>14 - VFAT</item>
		/// <item>15 - Alternate MVS</item>
		/// <item>16 - BeOS</item>
		/// <item>17 - Tandem</item>
		/// <item>18 - OS/400</item>
		/// <item>19 - OS/X (Darwin)</item>
		/// <item>99 - WinZip AES</item>
		/// <item>remainder - unused</item>
		/// </list>
		/// </remarks>

		public int HostSystem {
			get { return (versionMadeBy >> 8) & 0xff; }
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Creates a zip entry with the given name.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="name">
		/// The name for this entry. Can include directory components.
		/// The convention for names is 'unix'  style paths with no device names and 
		/// path elements separated by '/' characters.  This is not enforced see <see cref="CleanName">CleanName</see>
		/// on how to ensure names are valid if this is desired.
		/// </param>
		/// <exception cref="ArgumentNullException">
		/// The name passed is null
		/// </exception>
		public ZipEntry(string name) : this(name, 0, ZipConstants.VERSION_MADE_BY)
		{
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Creates a zip entry with the given name and version required to extract
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="name">
		/// The name for this entry. Can include directory components.
		/// The convention for names is 'unix'  style paths with no device names and 
		/// path elements separated by '/' characters.  This is not enforced see <see cref="CleanName">CleanName</see>
		/// on how to ensure names are valid if this is desired.
		/// </param>
		/// <param name="versionRequiredToExtract">
		/// The minimum 'feature version' required this entry
		/// </param>
		/// <exception cref="ArgumentNullException">
		/// The name passed is null
		/// </exception>
		internal ZipEntry(string name, int versionRequiredToExtract) : this(name, versionRequiredToExtract, ZipConstants.VERSION_MADE_BY)
		{
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Initializes an entry with the given name and made by information
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="name">Name for this entry</param>
		/// <param name="madeByInfo">Version and HostSystem Information</param>
		/// <param name="versionRequiredToExtract">Minimum required zip feature version required to extract this entry</param>
		/// <exception cref="ArgumentNullException">
		/// The name passed is null
		/// </exception>
		/// <exception cref="ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// versionRequiredToExtract should be 0 (auto-calculate) or > 10
		/// </exception>
		/// <remarks>
		/// This constructor is used by the ZipFile class when reading from the central header
		/// It is not generally useful, use the constructor specifying the name only.
		/// </remarks>
		internal ZipEntry(string name, int versionRequiredToExtract, int madeByInfo)
		{
			if (name == null)  {
				throw new System.ArgumentNullException("ZipEntry name");
			}

			if ( name.Length == 0 ) {
				throw new ArgumentException("ZipEntry name is empty");
			}

			if (versionRequiredToExtract != 0 && versionRequiredToExtract < 10) {
				throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("versionRequiredToExtract");
			}
			
			this.DateTime         = System.DateTime.Now;
			this.name             = name;
			this.versionMadeBy    = (ushort)madeByInfo;
			this.versionToExtract = (ushort)versionRequiredToExtract;
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Creates a copy of the given zip entry.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="e">
		/// The entry to copy.
		/// </param>
		public ZipEntry(ZipEntry e)
		{
			known                  = e.known;
			name                   = e.name;
			size                   = e.size;
			compressedSize         = e.compressedSize;
			crc                    = e.crc;
			dosTime                = e.dosTime;
			method                 = e.method;
			ExtraData              = e.ExtraData;     // Note use of property ensuring data is unique
			comment                = e.comment;
			versionToExtract       = e.versionToExtract;
			versionMadeBy          = e.versionMadeBy;
			externalFileAttributes = e.externalFileAttributes;
			flags                  = e.flags;

			zipFileIndex           = -1;
			offset                 = 0;
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Get minimum Zip feature version required to extract this entry
		/// </summary>		
		/// <remarks>
		/// Minimum features are defined as:<br/>
		/// 1.0 - Default value<br/>
		/// 1.1 - File is a volume label<br/>
		/// 2.0 - File is a folder/directory<br/>
		/// 2.0 - File is compressed using Deflate compression<br/>
		/// 2.0 - File is encrypted using traditional encryption<br/>
		/// 2.1 - File is compressed using Deflate64<br/>
		/// 2.5 - File is compressed using PKWARE DCL Implode<br/>
		/// 2.7 - File is a patch data set<br/>
		/// 4.5 - File uses Zip64 format extensions<br/>
		/// 4.6 - File is compressed using BZIP2 compression<br/>
		/// 5.0 - File is encrypted using DES<br/>
		/// 5.0 - File is encrypted using 3DES<br/>
		/// 5.0 - File is encrypted using original RC2 encryption<br/>
		/// 5.0 - File is encrypted using RC4 encryption<br/>
		/// 5.1 - File is encrypted using AES encryption<br/>
		/// 5.1 - File is encrypted using corrected RC2 encryption<br/>
		/// 5.1 - File is encrypted using corrected RC2-64 encryption<br/>
		/// 6.1 - File is encrypted using non-OAEP key wrapping<br/>
		/// 6.2 - Central directory encryption (not confirmed yet)<br/>
		/// </remarks>
		public int Version {
			get {
				if (versionToExtract != 0) {
					return versionToExtract;
				} else {
					int result = 10;
					if (CompressionMethod.Deflated == method) {
						result = 20;
					} else if (IsDirectory == true) {
						result = 20;
					} else if (IsCrypted == true) {
						result = 20;
					} else if ((known & KNOWN_EXTERN_ATTRIBUTES) != 0 && (externalFileAttributes & 0x08) != 0) {
						result = 11;
					}
					return result;
				}
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Gets a value indicating if the entry requires Zip64 extensions to be stored
		/// </summary>
		public bool RequiresZip64 {
			get {
				return (this.size > uint.MaxValue) || (this.compressedSize > uint.MaxValue);
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Get/Set DosTime
		/// </summary>		
		public long DosTime {
			get {
				if ((known & KNOWN_TIME) == 0) {
					return 0;
				} else {
					return dosTime;
				}
			}
			set {
				this.dosTime = (uint)value;
				known |= (ushort)KNOWN_TIME;
			}
		}
		
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the time of last modification of the entry.
		/// </summary>
		public DateTime DateTime {
			get {
				// Although technically not valid some archives have dates set to zero.
				// This mimics some archivers handling and is a good a cludge as any probably.
				if ( dosTime == 0 ) {
					return DateTime.Now;
				}
				else {
					uint sec  = 2 * (dosTime & 0x1f);
					uint min  = (dosTime >> 5) & 0x3f;
					uint hrs  = (dosTime >> 11) & 0x1f;
					uint day  = (dosTime >> 16) & 0x1f;
					uint mon  = ((dosTime >> 21) & 0xf);
					uint year = ((dosTime >> 25) & 0x7f) + 1980;
					return new System.DateTime((int)year, (int)mon, (int)day, (int)hrs, (int)min, (int)sec);
				}
			}
			set {
				DosTime = ((uint)value.Year - 1980 & 0x7f) << 25 | 
				          ((uint)value.Month) << 21 |
				          ((uint)value.Day) << 16 |
				          ((uint)value.Hour) << 11 |
				          ((uint)value.Minute) << 5 |
				          ((uint)value.Second) >> 1;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Returns the entry name.  The path components in the entry should
		/// always separated by slashes ('/').  Dos device names like C: should also
		/// be removed.  See <see cref="CleanName">CleanName</see>.
		/// </summary>
		public string Name {
			get {
				return name;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Cleans a name making it conform to Zip file conventions.
		/// Devices names ('c:\') and UNC share names ('\\server\share') are removed
		/// and forward slashes ('\') are converted to back slashes ('/').
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="name">Name to clean</param>
		/// <param name="relativePath">Make names relative if true or absolute if false</param>
		static public string CleanName(string name, bool relativePath)
		{
			if (name == null) {
				return "";
			}
			
			if (Path.IsPathRooted(name) == true) {
				// NOTE:
				// for UNC names...  \\machine\share\zoom\beet.txt gives \zoom\beet.txt
				name = name.Substring(Path.GetPathRoot(name).Length);
			}

			name = name.Replace(@"\", "/");
			
			if (relativePath == true) {
				if (name.Length > 0 && (name[0] == Path.AltDirectorySeparatorChar || name[0] == Path.DirectorySeparatorChar)) {
					name = name.Remove(0, 1);
				}
			} else {
				if (name.Length > 0 && name[0] != Path.AltDirectorySeparatorChar && name[0] != Path.DirectorySeparatorChar) {
					name = name.Insert(0, "/");
				}
			}
			return name;
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Cleans a name making it conform to Zip file conventions.
		/// Devices names ('c:\') and UNC share names ('\\server\share') are removed
		/// and forward slashes ('\') are converted to back slashes ('/').
		/// Names are made relative by trimming leading slashes which is compatible
		/// with Windows-XPs built in Zip file handling.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="name">Name to clean</param>
		static public string CleanName(string name)
		{
			return CleanName(name, true);
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the size of the uncompressed data.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// If the size is not in the range 0..0xffffffffL
		/// </exception>
		/// <returns>
		/// The size or -1 if unknown.
		/// </returns>
		public long Size {
			get {
				return (known & KNOWN_SIZE) != 0 ? (long)size : -1L;
			}
			set {
				if (((ulong)value & 0xFFFFFFFF00000000L) != 0) {
					throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("size");
				}
				this.size  = (ulong)value;
				this.known |= (ushort)KNOWN_SIZE;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the size of the compressed data.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// Size is not in the range 0..0xffffffff
		/// </exception>
		/// <returns>
		/// The size or -1 if unknown.
		/// </returns>
		public long CompressedSize {
			get {
				return (known & KNOWN_CSIZE) != 0 ? (long)compressedSize : -1L;
			}
			set {
				if (((ulong)value & 0xffffffff00000000L) != 0) {
					throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException();
				}
				this.compressedSize = (ulong)value;
				this.known |= (ushort)KNOWN_CSIZE;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the crc of the uncompressed data.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// Crc is not in the range 0..0xffffffffL
		/// </exception>
		/// <returns>
		/// The crc value or -1 if unknown.
		/// </returns>
		public long Crc {
			get {
				return (known & KNOWN_CRC) != 0 ? crc & 0xffffffffL : -1L;
			}
			set {
				if (((ulong)crc & 0xffffffff00000000L) != 0) {
					throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException();
				}
				this.crc = (uint)value;
				this.known |= (ushort)KNOWN_CRC;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the compression method. Only Deflated and Stored are supported.
		/// </summary>
		/// <returns>
		/// The compression method for this entry
		/// </returns>
		/// <see cref="ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Zip.CompressionMethod.Deflated"/>
		/// <see cref="ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.Zip.CompressionMethod.Stored"/>
		public CompressionMethod CompressionMethod {
			get {
				return method;
			}
			set {
				this.method = value;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the extra data.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// Extra data is longer than 0xffff bytes.
		/// </exception>
		/// <returns>
		/// Extra data or null if not set.
		/// </returns>
		public byte[] ExtraData {
			get {
				return extra;
			}
			set {
				if (value == null) {
					this.extra = null;
					return;
				}
				
				if (value.Length > 0xffff) {
					throw new System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException();
				}
				
				this.extra = new byte[value.Length];
				Array.Copy(value, 0, this.extra, 0, value.Length);
				
				try {
					int pos = 0;
					while (pos < extra.Length) {
						int sig = (extra[pos++] & 0xff) | (extra[pos++] & 0xff) << 8;
						int len = (extra[pos++] & 0xff) | (extra[pos++] & 0xff) << 8;
						
						if (len < 0 || pos + len > extra.Length) {
							// This is still lenient but the extra data is corrupt
							// TODO: drop the extra data? or somehow indicate to user 
							// there is a problem...
							break;
						}
						
						if (sig == 0x5455) {
							// extended time stamp, unix format by Rainer Prem <Rainer@Prem.de>
							int flags = extra[pos];
							// Can include other times but these are ignored.  Length of data should
							// actually be 1 + 4 * no of bits in flags.
							if ((flags & 1) != 0 && len >= 5) {
								int iTime = ((extra[pos+1] & 0xff) |
									(extra[pos + 2] & 0xff) << 8 |
									(extra[pos + 3] & 0xff) << 16 |
									(extra[pos + 4] & 0xff) << 24);
								
								DateTime = (new DateTime ( 1970, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0 ) + new TimeSpan ( 0, 0, 0, iTime, 0 )).ToLocalTime ();
								known |= (ushort)KNOWN_TIME;
							}
						} else if (sig == 0x0001) { 
							// ZIP64 extended information extra field
							// Of variable size depending on which fields in header are too small
							// fields appear here if the corresponding local or central directory record field
							// is set to 0xFFFF or 0xFFFFFFFF and the entry is in Zip64 format.
							//
							// Original Size          8 bytes
							// Compressed size        8 bytes
							// Relative header offset 8 bytes
							// Disk start number      4 bytes
						}
						pos += len;
					}
				} catch (Exception) {
					/* be lenient */
					return;
				}
			}
		}
		
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets/Sets the entry comment.
		/// </summary>
		/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
		/// If comment is longer than 0xffff.
		/// </exception>
		/// <returns>
		/// The comment or null if not set.
		/// </returns>
		public string Comment {
			get {
				return comment;
			}
			set {
				// TODO: this test is strictly incorrect as the length is in characters
				// While the test is correct in that a comment of this length or greater 
				// is definitely invalid, shorter comments may also have an invalid length.
				if (value != null && value.Length > 0xffff) {
					throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException();
				}
				this.comment = value;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets a value indicating of the if the entry is a directory.  A directory is determined by
		/// an entry name with a trailing slash '/'.  The external file attributes
		/// can also mark a file as a directory.  The trailing slash convention should always be followed
		/// however.
		/// </summary>
		public bool IsDirectory {
			get {
				int nlen = name.Length;
				bool result = nlen > 0 && name[nlen - 1] == '/';
				
				if (result == false && (known & KNOWN_EXTERN_ATTRIBUTES) != 0) {
					if (HostSystem == 0 && (ExternalFileAttributes & 16) != 0) {
						result = true;
					}
				}
				return result;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Get a value of true if the entry appears to be a file; false otherwise
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// This only takes account Windows attributes.  Other operating systems are ignored.
		/// For linux and others the result may be incorrect.
		/// </remarks>
		public bool IsFile {
			get {
				bool result = !IsDirectory;

				// Exclude volume labels
				if ( result && (known & KNOWN_EXTERN_ATTRIBUTES) != 0) {
					if (HostSystem == 0 && (ExternalFileAttributes & 8) != 0) {
						result = false;
					}
				}
				return result;
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Creates a copy of this zip entry.
		/// </summary>
		public object Clone()
		{
			return this.MemberwiseClone();
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Gets the string representation of this ZipEntry.
		/// </summary>
		public override string ToString()
		{
			return name;
		}
	}
}