File: ConstraintBuilder.cs

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// ****************************************************************
// Copyright 2007, Charlie Poole
// This is free software licensed under the NUnit license. You may
// obtain a copy of the license at http://nunit.org/?p=license&r=2.4
// ****************************************************************

using System;
using System.Collections;

namespace NUnit.Framework.Constraints
{
    /// <summary>
    /// ConstraintBuilder is used to resolve the Not and All properties,
    /// which serve as prefix operators for constraints. With the addition
    /// of an operand stack, And and Or could be supported, but we have
    /// left them out in favor of a simpler, more type-safe implementation.
    /// Use the &amp; and | operator overloads to combine constraints.
    /// </summary>
    public class ConstraintBuilder
    {
		private enum Op
		{
			Not,
			All,
			Some,
			None,
			Prop,
		}

		Stack ops = new Stack();

		Stack opnds = new Stack();

		/// <summary>
		/// Implicitly convert ConstraintBuilder to an actual Constraint
        /// at the point where the syntax demands it.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="builder"></param>
		/// <returns></returns>
        public static implicit operator Constraint( ConstraintBuilder builder )
		{
			return builder.Resolve();
		}

        #region Constraints Without Arguments
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using
        /// EqualConstraint(null) as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint Null
        {
            get { return Resolve(new EqualConstraint(null)); }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using
        /// EqualConstraint(true) as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint True
        {
            get { return Resolve(new EqualConstraint(true)); }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using
        /// EqualConstraint(false) as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint False
        {
            get { return Resolve(new EqualConstraint(false)); }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using
        /// Is.NaN as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint NaN
        {
            get { return Resolve(new EqualConstraint(double.NaN)); }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using
        /// Is.Empty as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint Empty
        {
            get { return Resolve(new EmptyConstraint()); }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using
        /// Is.Unique as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint Unique
        {
            get { return Resolve(new UniqueItemsConstraint()); }
        }
        #endregion

        #region Constraints with an expected value

        #region Equality and Identity
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using an
        /// EqualConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint EqualTo(object expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new EqualConstraint(expected));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// SameAsConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint SameAs(object expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new SameAsConstraint(expected));
        }
        #endregion

        #region Comparison Constraints
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// LessThanConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint LessThan(IComparable expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new LessThanConstraint(expected));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// GreaterThanConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint GreaterThan(IComparable expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new GreaterThanConstraint(expected));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// LessThanOrEqualConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint LessThanOrEqualTo(IComparable expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new LessThanOrEqualConstraint(expected));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// LessThanOrEqualConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint AtMost(IComparable expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new LessThanOrEqualConstraint(expected));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// GreaterThanOrEqualConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint GreaterThanOrEqualTo(IComparable expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new GreaterThanOrEqualConstraint(expected));
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// GreaterThanOrEqualConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint AtLeast(IComparable expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new GreaterThanOrEqualConstraint(expected));
        }
        #endregion

        #region Type Constraints
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using an
        /// ExactTypeConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint TypeOf(Type expectedType)
        {
            return Resolve(new ExactTypeConstraint(expectedType));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using an
        /// InstanceOfTypeConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint InstanceOfType(Type expectedType)
        {
            return Resolve(new InstanceOfTypeConstraint(expectedType));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using an
        /// AssignableFromConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint AssignableFrom(Type expectedType)
        {
            return Resolve(new AssignableFromConstraint(expectedType));
        }
        #endregion

		#region Containing Constraint
		/// <summary>
		/// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
		/// ContainsConstraint as base. This constraint
		/// will, in turn, make use of the appropriate
		/// second-level constraint, depending on the
		/// type of the actual argument.
		/// </summary>
		public Constraint Contains(object expected)
		{
			return Resolve( new ContainsConstraint(expected) );
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Resolves the chain of constraints using a 
		/// CollectionContainsConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
		/// <param name="expected">The expected object</param>
		public Constraint Member( object expected )
		{
			return Resolve( new CollectionContainsConstraint( expected ) );
		}
		#endregion

		#region String Constraints
		/// <summary>
		/// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
		/// StartsWithConstraint as base.
		/// </summary>
		public Constraint StartsWith(string substring)
        {
            return Resolve( new StartsWithConstraint(substring) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// StringEndingConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint EndsWith(string substring)
        {
            return Resolve( new EndsWithConstraint(substring) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// StringMatchingConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint Matches(string pattern)
        {
            return Resolve(new RegexConstraint(pattern));
        }
        #endregion

        #region Collection Constraints
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// CollectionEquivalentConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint EquivalentTo(ICollection expected)
        {
            return Resolve( new CollectionEquivalentConstraint(expected) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// CollectionContainingConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint CollectionContaining(object expected)
		{
			return Resolve( new CollectionContainsConstraint(expected) );
		}

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// CollectionSubsetConstraint as base.
        /// </summary>
        public Constraint SubsetOf(ICollection expected)
        {
            return Resolve(new CollectionSubsetConstraint(expected));
        }
        #endregion

		#region Property Constraints
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a 
        /// PropertyConstraint as base
        /// </summary>
		public Constraint Property( string name, object expected )
		{
			return Resolve( new PropertyConstraint( name, new EqualConstraint( expected ) ) );
		}

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// PropertyCOnstraint on Length as base
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="length"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public Constraint Length(int length)
        {
            return Property("Length", length);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resolves the chain of constraints using a
        /// PropertyCOnstraint on Length as base
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="count"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public Constraint Count(int count)
        {
            return Property("Count", count);
        }
        #endregion

        #endregion

        #region Prefix Operators
		/// <summary>
		/// Modifies the ConstraintBuilder by pushing a Not operator on the stack.
		/// </summary>
		public ConstraintBuilder Not
		{
			get
			{
				ops.Push(Op.Not);
				return this;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Modifies the ConstraintBuilder by pushing a Not operator on the stack.
		/// </summary>
		public ConstraintBuilder No
		{
			get
			{
				ops.Push(Op.Not);
				return this;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
        /// Modifies the ConstraintBuilder by pushing an All operator on the stack.
        /// </summary>
        public ConstraintBuilder All
        {
            get
            {
                ops.Push(Op.All);
                return this;
            }
        }

		/// <summary>
		/// Modifies the ConstraintBuilder by pushing a Some operator on the stack.
		/// </summary>
		public ConstraintBuilder Some
		{
			get
			{
				ops.Push(Op.Some);
				return this;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
        /// Modifies the constraint builder by pushing All and Not operators on the stack
        /// </summary>
		public ConstraintBuilder None
		{
			get
			{
				ops.Push(Op.None);
				return this;
			}
		}

        /// <summary>
        /// Modifies the ConstraintBuilder by pushing a Prop operator on the
        /// ops stack and the name of the property on the opnds stack.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public ConstraintBuilder Property(string name)
		{
			ops.Push( Op.Prop );
			opnds.Push( name );
			return this;
		}
		#endregion

        #region Helper Methods
        /// <summary>
        /// Resolve a constraint that has been recognized by applying
        /// any pending operators and returning the resulting Constraint.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>A constraint that incorporates all pending operators</returns>
        private Constraint Resolve(Constraint constraint)
        {
            while (ops.Count > 0)
                switch ((Op)ops.Pop())
                {
                    case Op.Not:
                        constraint = new NotConstraint(constraint);
                        break;
                    case Op.All:
                        constraint = new AllItemsConstraint(constraint);
                        break;
					case Op.Some:
						constraint = new SomeItemsConstraint(constraint);
						break;
					case Op.None:
						constraint = new NoItemConstraint(constraint);
						break;
					case Op.Prop:
						constraint = new PropertyConstraint( (string)opnds.Pop(), constraint );
						break;
                }

            return constraint;
        }

		private Constraint Resolve()
		{
			return Resolve(null);
		}
        #endregion
    }
}