File: binlog.c

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mydumper 0.9.5-1
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/*
    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

	Authors: 	Domas Mituzas, Facebook ( domas at fb dot com )
			Mark Leith, Oracle Corporation (mark dot leith at oracle dot com)
			Andrew Hutchings, SkySQL (andrew at skysql dot com)

*/

#include <glib.h>
#include <glib/gstdio.h>
#include <my_global.h>
#include <mysql.h>
#include <my_sys.h>
#include <mysqld_error.h>
#include <sql_common.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <zlib.h>
#include "mydumper.h"
#include "binlog.h"

#define BINLOG_MAGIC "\xfe\x62\x69\x6e"

#define EVENT_HEADER_LENGTH 19
#define EVENT_ROTATE_FIXED_LENGTH 8

enum event_postions {
	EVENT_TIMESTAMP_POSITION= 0,
	EVENT_TYPE_POSITION= 4,
	EVENT_SERVERID_POSITION= 5,
	EVENT_LENGTH_POSITION= 9,
	EVENT_NEXT_POSITION= 13,
	EVENT_FLAGS_POSITION= 17,
	EVENT_EXTRA_FLAGS_POSITION= 19 // currently unused in v4 binlogs, but a good marker for end of header
};

enum event_type {
	ROTATE_EVENT= 4,
	FORMAT_DESCRIPTION_EVENT= 15,
	EVENT_TOO_SHORT= 254 // arbitrary high number, in 5.1 the max event type number is 27 so this should be fine for a while
};

extern int compress_output;
extern gboolean daemon_mode;
extern gboolean shutdown_triggered;

FILE *new_binlog_file(char *binlog_file, const char *binlog_dir);
void close_binlog_file(FILE *outfile);
char *rotate_file_name(const char *buf);

void get_binlogs(MYSQL *conn, struct configuration *conf) {
	// TODO: find logs we already have, use start position based on position of last log.
	MYSQL_RES *result;
	MYSQL_ROW row;
	char* last_filename = NULL;
	guint64 last_position;

	// Only snapshot dump the binlogs once in daemon mode
	static gboolean got_binlogs= FALSE;
	if (got_binlogs)
		return;
	else
		got_binlogs= TRUE;

	if (mysql_query(conn, "SHOW MASTER STATUS")) {
		g_critical("Error: Could not execute query: %s", mysql_error(conn));
		return;
	}

	result = mysql_store_result(conn);
	if ((row = mysql_fetch_row(result))) {
		last_filename= g_strdup(row[0]);
		last_position= strtoll(row[1], NULL, 10);
	} else {
		g_critical("Error: Could not obtain binary log stop position");
		if (last_filename != NULL)
			g_free(last_filename);
		return;
	}
	mysql_free_result(result);

	if (mysql_query(conn, "SHOW BINARY LOGS")) {
		g_critical("Error: Could not execute query: %s", mysql_error(conn));
		if (last_filename != NULL)
			g_free(last_filename);
		return;
	}


	result = mysql_store_result(conn);
	while ((row = mysql_fetch_row(result))) {
		struct job *j = g_new0(struct job,1);
		struct binlog_job *bj = g_new0(struct binlog_job,1);
		j->job_data=(void*) bj;
		bj->filename=g_strdup(row[0]);
		bj->start_position=4;
		bj->stop_position= (!strcasecmp(row[0], last_filename)) ? last_position : 0;
		j->conf=conf;
		j->type=JOB_BINLOG;
		g_async_queue_push(conf->queue,j);
	}
	mysql_free_result(result);
	if (last_filename != NULL)
		g_free(last_filename);
}

void get_binlog_file(MYSQL *conn, char *binlog_file, const char *binlog_directory, guint64 start_position, guint64 stop_position, gboolean continuous) {
	// set serverID = max serverID - threadID to try an eliminate conflicts,
	// 0 is bad because mysqld will disconnect at the end of the last log
	// dupes aren't too bad since it is up to the client to check for them
	uchar buf[128];
	// We need to read the raw network packets
	NET* net;
	net= &conn->net;
	unsigned long len;
	FILE* outfile;
	guint32 event_type;
	gboolean read_error= FALSE;
	gboolean read_end= FALSE;
	gboolean rotated= FALSE;
	guint32 server_id= G_MAXUINT32 - mysql_thread_id(conn);
	guint64 pos_counter= 0;

	int4store(buf, (guint32)start_position);
	// Binlog flags (2 byte int)
	int2store(buf + 4, 0);
	// ServerID
	int4store(buf + 6, server_id);
	memcpy(buf + 10, binlog_file, strlen(binlog_file));
#if MYSQL_VERSION_ID < 50100
	if (simple_command(conn, COM_BINLOG_DUMP, (const char *)buf,
#else
	if (simple_command(conn, COM_BINLOG_DUMP, buf,
#endif
		strlen(binlog_file) + 10, 1)) {
		g_critical("Error: binlog: Critical error whilst requesting binary log");
	}

	while(1) {
		outfile= new_binlog_file(binlog_file, binlog_directory);
		if (outfile == NULL) {
			g_critical("Error: binlog: Could not create binlog file '%s', %d", binlog_file, errno);
			return;
		}

		write_binlog(outfile, BINLOG_MAGIC, 4);
		while(1) {
			len = 0;
			if (net->vio != 0) len=my_net_read(net);
			if ((len == 0) || (len == ~(unsigned long) 0)) {
				// Net timeout (set to 1 second)
				if (mysql_errno(conn) == ER_NET_READ_INTERRUPTED) {
					if (shutdown_triggered) {
						close_binlog_file(outfile);
						return;
					} else {
						continue;
					}
				// A real error
				} else {
					g_critical("Error: binlog: Network packet read error getting binlog file: %s", binlog_file);
					close_binlog_file(outfile);
					return;
				}
			}
			if (len < 8 && net->read_pos[0]) {
				// end of data
				break;
			}
			pos_counter += len;
			event_type= get_event((const char*)net->read_pos + 1, len -1);
			switch (event_type) {
				case EVENT_TOO_SHORT:
					g_critical("Error: binlog: Event too short in binlog file: %s", binlog_file);
					read_error= TRUE;
					break;
				case ROTATE_EVENT:
					if (rotated) {
						read_end= TRUE;
					} else {
						len= 1;
						rotated= TRUE;
					}
					break;
				default:
					// if we get this far this is a normal event to record
					break;
			}
			if (read_error) break;
			write_binlog(outfile, (const char*)net->read_pos + 1, len - 1);
			if (read_end) {
				if (!continuous) {
					break;
				} else {
					g_free(binlog_file);
					binlog_file= rotate_file_name((const char*)net->read_pos + 1);
					break;
				}
			}
			// stop if we are at requested end of last log
			if ((stop_position > 0) && (pos_counter >= stop_position)) break;
		}
		close_binlog_file(outfile);
		if ((!continuous) || (!read_end)) break;

		if (continuous && read_end) {
			read_end= FALSE;
			rotated= FALSE;
		}
	}
}

char *rotate_file_name(const char *buf) {
	guint32 event_length= 0;

	// event length is 4 bytes at position 9
	event_length= uint4korr(&buf[EVENT_LENGTH_POSITION]);
	// event length includes the header, plus a rotate event has a fixed 8byte part we don't need
	event_length= event_length - EVENT_HEADER_LENGTH - EVENT_ROTATE_FIXED_LENGTH;

	return g_strndup(&buf[EVENT_HEADER_LENGTH + EVENT_ROTATE_FIXED_LENGTH], event_length);
}

FILE *new_binlog_file(char *binlog_file, const char *binlog_dir) {
	FILE *outfile;
	char* filename;

	if (!compress_output) {
		filename= g_strdup_printf("%s/%s", binlog_dir, binlog_file);
		outfile= g_fopen(filename, "w");
	} else {
		filename= g_strdup_printf("%s/%s.gz", binlog_dir, binlog_file);
		outfile= (void*) gzopen(filename, "w");
	}
	g_free(filename);

	return outfile;
}

void close_binlog_file(FILE *outfile) {
	if (!compress_output)
		fclose(outfile);
	else
		gzclose((gzFile) outfile);
}

unsigned int get_event(const char *buf, unsigned int len) {
	if (len < EVENT_TYPE_POSITION)
		return EVENT_TOO_SHORT;
	return buf[EVENT_TYPE_POSITION];

	// TODO: Would be good if we can check for valid event type, unfortunately this check can change from version to version
}

void write_binlog(FILE* file, const char* data, guint64 len) {
	int err;

	if (len > 0) {
		int write_result;

		if (!compress_output)
			write_result= write(fileno(file), data, len);
		else
			write_result= gzwrite((gzFile)file, data, len);

		if (write_result <= 0)	{
			if (!compress_output)
				g_critical("Error: binlog: Error writing binary log: %s", strerror(errno));
			else
				g_critical("Error: binlog: Error writing compressed binary log: %s", gzerror((gzFile)file, &err));
		}
	}
}