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.TH afpd.conf 5 "24 September 2004" 2.0.3 Netatalk 
.SH NAME
afpd.conf \- Configuration file used by afpd(8) to determine the setup of its file sharing services
.SH DESCRIPTION
\fB:ETCDIR:/afpd.conf\fR is the configuration file
used by afpd to determine the behavior and
configuration of the different virtual file servers that it
provides.
.PP
Any line not prefixed with # is interpreted. The configuration lines
are composed like: server name [ options ] If a \fB\-\fR is used
instead of a server name, the default server is specified. Server names
must be quoted if they contain spaces. They must not contain ":" or "@".
The path name must be a fully qualified path name, or a path name using
either the ~ shell shorthand or any of the substitution variables, which
are listed below.
.PP
.RS 
\fBNote\fR
.PP
Each server has to be configured on a \fBsingle\fR line.
.RE

The possible options and their meanings are:
.SH "APPLEVOLUMES FILES"
.TP 
\-defaultvol \fI[path]\fR
Specifies path to AppleVolumes.default file (default is
\fB:ETCDIR:/AppleVolumes.default\fR).
.TP 
\-systemvol \fI[path]\fR
Specifies path to AppleVolumes.system file (default is
\fB:ETCDIR:/AppleVolumes.system\fR).
.TP 
\-[no]uservol
Enables or disables reading of the users' individual volumes
file entirely.
.TP 
\-[no]uservolfirst
Enables or disables reading of the users' individual volumes
file before processing the global
\fBAppleVolumes.default\fR file.
.SH "AUTHENTICATION METHODS"
.TP 
\-uamlist \fI[uams list]\fR
Comma separated list of UAMs. (The default is
uams_clrtxt.so,uams_dhx.so).

The most commonly used UAMs are:
.RS 
.TP 
uams_guest.so
allows guest logins
.TP 
uams_clrtxt.so
(uams_pam.so or uams_passwd.so) Allow logins with
passwords transmitted in the clear.
.TP 
uams_randum.so
allows Random Number and Two\-Way Random Number Exchange
for authentication (requires a separate file containing the
passwords, either :ETCDIR:/afppasswd file or the one specified
via \fB\-passwdfile\fR. See \fBafppasswd\fR(1) for details
.TP 
uams_dhx.so
(uams_dhx_pam.so or uams_dhx_passwd.so) Allow
Diffie\-Hellman eXchange (DHX) for authentication.
.TP 
uam_gss.so
Allow Kerberos V for authentication (optional)
.RE
.TP 
\-uampath \fI[path]\fR
Sets the default path for UAMs for this server (default is
:ETCDIR:/uams).
.TP 
\-k5keytab \fI[path]\fR, \-k5service \fI[service]\fR, \-k5realm \fI[realm]\fR
These are required if the server supports the Kerberos 5
authentication UAM.
.SH "CODEPAGE OPTIONS"
With OS X Apple introduced the AFP3 protocol. One of the big changes
was, that AFP3 uses Unicode names encoded as UTF\-8 decomposed. Previous
AFP/OS versions used codepages like MacRoman, MacCentralEurope,
etc.
.PP
To be able to serve AFP3 and older clients at the same time,
afpd needs to be able to convert between UTF\-8 and Mac
codepages. Even OS X clients partly still rely on codepages. As there's no
way, afpd can detect the codepage a pre AFP3 client
uses, you have to specify it using the \fB\-maccodepage\fR
option. The default is MacRoman, which should be fine for most western
users.
.PP
As afpd needs to interact with unix operating
system as well, it need's to be able to convert from UTF\-8/MacCodepage to
the unix codepage. By default afpd uses the systems
LOCALE, or ASCII if your system doesn't support locales. You can set the
unix codepage using the \fB\-unixcodepage\fR option. If you're
using extended characters in the configuration files for
afpd, make sure your terminal matches the
\fB\-unixcodepage\fR.
.TP 
\-unixcodepage [CODEPAGE]
Specifies the servers unix codepage, e.g. "ISO\-8859\-15" or
"UTF8". This is used to convert strings to/from the systems locale,
e.g. for authenthication, server messages and volume names. Defaults
to LOCALE if your system supports it, otherwise ASCII will be
used.
.TP 
\-maccodepage [CODEPAGE]
Specifies the mac clients codepage, e.g. "MAC_ROMAN". This is
used to convert strings and filenames to the clients codepage for
OS9 and Classic, i.e. for authentication and AFP messages (SIGUSR2
messaging). This will also be the default for the volumes
maccharset. Defaults to MAC_ROMAN.
.SH "PASSWORD OPTIONS"
.TP 
\-loginmaxfail [number]
Sets the maximum number of failed logins, if supported by the
UAM (currently none)
.TP 
\-passwdfile [path]
Sets the path to the Randnum UAM passwd file for this server
(default is :ETCDIR:/afppasswd).
.TP 
\-passwdminlen [number]
Sets the minimum password length, if supported by the
UAM
.TP 
\-[no]savepassword
Enables or disables the ability of clients to save passwords
locally
.TP 
\-[no]setpassword
Enables or disables the ability of clients to change their
passwords via chooser or the "connect to server" dialog
.SH "TRANSPORT PROTOCOLS"
.TP 
\-[no]ddp
Enables or disables AFP\-over\-Appletalk. If
\fB\-proxy\fR is specified, you must instead use
\fB\-uamlist ""\fR to prevent DDP connections from
working.
.TP 
\-[no]tcp
Enables or disables AFP\-over\-TCP
.TP 
\-transall
Make both available (default)
.SH "TRANSPORT OPTIONS"
.TP 
\-advertise_ssh
Allows Mac OS X clients (10.3.3 or above) to automagically
establish a tunneled AFP connection through SSH. If this option is
set, the server's answers to client's FPGetSrvrInfo requests contain
an additional entry. It depends on both client's settings and a
correctly configured and running \fBsshd\fR(8) on the server to let things work.
.RS 
\fBNote\fR

Setting this option is not recommended since globally
encrypting AFP connections via SSH will increase the server's load
significantly. On the other hand, Apple's client side
implementation of this feature in MacOS X versions prior to 10.3.4
contained a security flaw.
.RE
.TP 
\-ddpaddr \fI[ddp address]\fR
Specifies the DDP address of the server. The default is to
auto\-assign an address (0.0). This is only useful if you are running
AppleTalk on more than one interface.
.TP 
\-fqdn \fI[name:port]\fR
Specifies a fully\-qualified domain name, with an optional
port. This is discarded if the server cannot resolve it. This option
is not honored by AppleShare clients <= 3.8.3. This option is
disabled by default. Use with caution as this will involve a second
name resolution step on the client side. Also note that afpd will
advertise this name:port combination but not automatically listen to
it.
.TP 
\-ipaddr \fI[ip address]\fR
Specifies the IP address that the server should advertise
\fBand\fR listens to (the default is the
first IP address of the system). This option also allows to use one
machine to advertise the AFP\-over\-TCP/IP settings of another machine
via NBP when used together with the \fB\-proxy\fR
option.
.TP 
\-port \fI[port number]\fR
Allows a different TCP port to be used for AFP\-over\-TCP. The
default is 548.
.TP 
\-proxy
Runs an AppleTalk proxy server for the specified AFP\-over\-TCP
server. If the address and port aren't given, then the first IP
address of the system and port 548 will be used. If you don't want
the proxy server to act as a DDP server as well, set \fB\-uamlist
""\fR.
.TP 
\-server_quantum \fI[number]\fR
This specifies the DSI server quantum. The minimum value is
303840 (0x4A2E0). The maximum value is 0xFFFFFFFFF. If you specify a
value that is out of range, the default value will be set (which is
the minimum). Do not change this value unless you're absolutely
sure, what you're doing
.TP 
\-noslp
Do not register this server using the Service Location
Protocol (if SLP support was compiled in). This is useful if you are
running multiple servers and want one to be hidden, perhaps because
it is advertised elsewhere, ie. by a SLP Directory Agent.
.SH "MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONS"
.TP 
\-admingroup \fI[group]\fR
Allows users of a certain group to be seen as the superuser
when they log in. This option is disabled by default.
.TP 
\-authprintdir \fI[path]\fR
Specifies the path to be used (per server) to store the files
required to do CAP\-style print authentication which papd will
examine to determine if a print job should be allowed. These files
are created at login and if they are to be properly removed, this
directory probably needs to be umode 1777.
.RS 
\fBNote\fR

\fB\-authprintdir\fR will only work for clients
connecting via DDP. Almost all modern Clients will use TCP.
.RE
.TP 
\-client_polling
With this switch enabled, afpd won't advertise that it is
capable of server notifications, so that connected clients poll the
server every 10 seconds to detect changes in opened server windows.
\fINote\fR: Depending on the number of simultaneously
connected clients and the network's speed, this can lead to a
significant higher load on your network!
.RS 
\fBNote\fR

Do not use this option any longer as Netatalk 2.0 correctly
supports server notifications, allowing connected clients to
update folder listings in case another client changed the
contents.
.RE
.TP 
\-cnidserver \fI[ipaddress:port]\fR
Specifies the IP address and port of a cnid_metad server,
required for CNID dbd backend. Defaults to localhost:4700.
.TP 
\-guestname \fI[name]\fR
Specifies the user that guests should use (default is
"nobody"). The name should be quoted.
.TP 
\-icon
Use the platform\-specific icon
.TP 
\-loginmesg \fI[message]\fR
Sets a message to be displayed when clients logon to the
server. The message should be in \fBunixcodepage\fR and
should be quoted. Extended characters are allowed.
.TP 
\-nodebug
Disables debugging.
.TP 
\-sleep \fI[number]\fR
AFP 3.x waits number hours before
disconnecting clients in sleep mode. Default is 10 hours.
.TP 
\-signature { user:<text> | host }
Specify a server signature. This option is useful while
running multiple independent instances of afpd on one machine (eg.
in clustered environments, to provide fault isolation etc.). "host"
signature type allows afpd generating signature automatically (based
on machine primary IP address). "user" signature type allows
administrator to set up a signature string manually. The maximum
length is 16 characters

\fBThree server definitions using 2 different server
signatures\fR

.nf
first \-signature user:USERS 
second \-signature user:USERS 
third \-signature user:ADMINS
.fi

First two servers will appear as one logical AFP service to
the clients \- if user logs in to first one and then connects to
second one, session will be automatically redirected to the first
one. But if client connects to first and then to third, will be
asked for password twice and will see resources of both servers.
Traditional method of signature generation causes two independent
afpd instances to have the same signature and thus cause clients to
be redirected automatically to server (s)he logged in first.
.SH "LOGGING OPTIONS"
.RS 
\fBNote\fR
.PP
Extended logging capabilities are only available if Netatalk was
built using \-\-with\-logfile. As of Netatalk 2.0, the
default is \-\-without\-logfile since the logger code is
partially broken and needs a complete rewrite (the
\fB\-setuplog\fR option might not work as expected). If
Netatalk was built without logger support then the daemons log to
syslog.
.RE
.TP 
\-[un]setuplog "<logtype> <loglevel> [<filename>]"
Specify that the given loglevel should be applied to log
messages of the given logtype and that these messages should be
logged to the given file. If the filename is ommited the loglevel
applies to messages passed to syslog. Each logtype may have a
loglevel applied to syslog and a loglevel applied to a single file.
Latter \fB\-setuplog\fR settings will override earlier
ones of the same logtype (file or syslog).

logtypes: Default, Core, Logger, CNID, AFP

Daemon loglevels: LOG_SEVERE, LOG_ERROR, LOG_WARN, LOG_NOTE,
LOG_INFO, LOG_DEBUG, LOG_DEBUG6, LOG_DEBUG7, LOG_DEBUG8, LOG_DEBUG9,
LOG_MAXDEBUG

\fBSome ways to change afpd's logging behaviour via
\-[un]setuplog\fR

Example: 

.nf
\-setuplog "logger log_maxdebug /var/log/netatalk\-logger.log" 
\-setuplog "afpdaemon log_maxdebug /var/log/netatalk\-afp.log" 
\-unsetuplog "default level file" 
\-setuplog "default log_maxdebug"
.fi
.SH "DEBUG OPTIONS"
These options are useful for debugging only.
.TP 
\-tickleval \fI[number]\fR
Sets the tickle timeout interval (in seconds). Defaults to
30.
.TP 
\-timeout \fI[number]\fR
Specify the number of tickles to send before timing out a
connection. The default is 4, therefore a connection will timeout
after 2 minutes.
.SH EXAMPLES
\fBafpd.conf default configuration\fR
.PP
.nf
\- \-transall \-uamlist uams_clrtxt.so,uams_dhx.so
.fi
.PP
\fBafpd.conf MacCyrillic setup / UTF8 unix locale\fR
.PP
.nf
\- \-transall \-maccodepage mac_cyrillic \-unixcodepage utf8
.fi
.PP
\fBafpd.conf setup for Kerberos V auth\fR
.PP
.nf
\- \-transall \-uamlist uams_clrtxt.so,uams_dhx.so,uams_guest.so,uams_gss.so \\ 
\-k5service afpserver \-k5keytab /path/to/afpserver.keytab \\ 
\-k5realm YOUR.REALM \-fqdn your.fqdn.namel:548
.fi
.PP
\fBafpd.conf letting afpd appear as three servers on the net\fR
.PP
.nf
"Guest Server" \-uamlist uams_guest.so \-loginmesg "Welcome guest!"
"User Server" \-uamlist uams_dhx.so \-port 12000
"special" \-notcp \-defaultvol <path> \-systemvol <path>
.fi
.SH "SEE ALSO"
\fBafpd\fR(8), \fBafppasswd\fR(1), \fBAppleVolumes.default\fR(5)