File: d4util.c

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/*********************************************************************
 *   Copyright 2018, UCAR/Unidata
 *   See netcdf/COPYRIGHT file for copying and redistribution conditions.
 *********************************************************************/

#include "d4includes.h"
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_STAT_H
#include <sys/stat.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_FCNTL_H
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#include <io.h>
#endif

extern int mkstemp(char *template);

#define LBRACKET '['
#define RBRACKET ']'

/**************************************************/
/* Forward */

static char* backslashEscape(const char* s);

/**************************************************/
/**
 * Provide a hidden interface to allow utilities
 * to check if a given path name is really an ncdap4 url.
 * If no, return null, else return basename of the url
 * minus any extension.
 */

int
ncd4__testurl(const char* path, char** basenamep)
{
    NCURI* uri;
    int ok = NC_NOERR;
    if(ncuriparse(path,&uri))
	ok = NC_EURL;
    else {
	char* slash = (uri->path == NULL ? NULL : strrchr(uri->path, '/'));
	char* dot;
	if(slash == NULL) slash = (char*)path; else slash++;
        slash = nulldup(slash);
        if(slash == NULL)
            dot = NULL;
        else
            dot = strrchr(slash, '.');
        if(dot != NULL &&  dot != slash) *dot = '\0';
        if(basenamep)
            *basenamep=slash;
        else if(slash)
            free(slash);
    }
    ncurifree(uri);
    return ok;
}

/* Return 1 if this machine is little endian */
int
NCD4_isLittleEndian(void)
{
    union {
        unsigned char bytes[SIZEOF_INT];
	int i;
    } u;
    u.i = 1;
    return (u.bytes[0] == 1 ? 1 : 0);
}

/* Compute the size of an atomic type, except opaque */
size_t
NCD4_typesize(nc_type tid)
{
    switch(tid) {
    case NC_BYTE: case NC_UBYTE: case NC_CHAR: return 1;
    case NC_SHORT: case NC_USHORT: return sizeof(short);
    case NC_INT: case NC_UINT: return sizeof(int);
    case NC_FLOAT: return  sizeof(float);
    case NC_DOUBLE: return  sizeof(double);
    case NC_INT64: case NC_UINT64: return sizeof(long long);
    case NC_STRING: return sizeof(char*);
    default: break;
    }
    return 0;
}

d4size_t
NCD4_dimproduct(NCD4node* node)
{
    int i;
    d4size_t product = 1;
    for(i=0;i<nclistlength(node->dims);i++) {
        NCD4node* dim = (NCD4node*)nclistget(node->dims,i);
        product *= dim->dim.size;
    }
    return product;
}

/* Caller must free return value */
char*
NCD4_makeFQN(NCD4node* node)
{
    char* fqn = NULL;
    char* escaped;
    int i;
    NCD4node* g = node;
    NClist* path = nclistnew();
    size_t estimate;

    for(estimate=0;g != NULL;g=g->container) {
	estimate += strlen(g->name);
	nclistinsert(path,0,g);
    }
    estimate = (estimate*2) + 2*nclistlength(path);
    estimate++; /*strlcat nul*/
    fqn = (char*)malloc(estimate+1);
    if(fqn == NULL) goto done;
    fqn[0] = '\0';
    /* Create the group-based fqn prefix */
    /* start at 1 to avoid dataset */
    for(i=1;i<nclistlength(path);i++) {
	NCD4node* elem = (NCD4node*)nclistget(path,i);
	if(elem->sort != NCD4_GROUP) break;
	/* Add in the group name */
	escaped = backslashEscape(elem->name);
	if(escaped == NULL) {free(fqn); fqn = NULL; goto done;}
	strlcat(fqn,"/",estimate);
	strlcat(fqn,escaped,estimate);
	free(escaped);
    }
    /* Add in the final name part (if not group) */
    if(i < nclistlength(path)) {
	int last = nclistlength(path)-1;
	NCD4node* n = (NCD4node*)nclistget(path,last);
	char* name = NCD4_makeName(n,".");
	strlcat(fqn,"/",estimate);
	strlcat(fqn,name,estimate);
	nullfree(name);
    }

done:
    nclistfree(path);
    return fqn;
}

/*
create the last part of the fqn
(post groups)
*/
char*
NCD4_makeName(NCD4node* elem, const char* sep)
{
    int i;
    size_t estimate = 0;
    NCD4node* n;
    NClist* path = nclistnew();
    char* fqn = NULL;

    /* Collect the path up to, but not including, the first containing group */
    for(estimate=0,n=elem;n->sort != NCD4_GROUP;n=n->container) {
	nclistinsert(path,0,n);
	estimate += (1+(2*strlen(n->name)));
    }
    estimate++; /*strlcat nul*/
    fqn = (char*)malloc(estimate+1);
    if(fqn == NULL) goto done;
    fqn[0] = '\0';

    for(i=0;i<nclistlength(path);i++) {
	NCD4node* elem = (NCD4node*)nclistget(path,i);
	char* escaped = backslashEscape(elem->name);
	if(escaped == NULL) {free(fqn); fqn = NULL; goto done;}
	if(i > 0)
	    strlcat(fqn,sep,estimate);
	strlcat(fqn,escaped,estimate);
	free(escaped);
    }
done:
    nclistfree(path);
    return fqn;
}

static char*
backslashEscape(const char* s)
{
    const char* p;
    char* q;
    size_t len;
    char* escaped = NULL;

    len = strlen(s);
    escaped = (char*)malloc(1+(2*len)); /* max is everychar is escaped */
    if(escaped == NULL) return NULL;
    for(p=s,q=escaped;*p;p++) {
        char c = *p;
        switch (c) {
	case '\\':
	case '/':
	case '.':
	case '@':
	    *q++ = '\\'; *q++ = '\\';
	    break;
	default: *q++ = c; break;
        }
    }
    *q = '\0';
    return escaped;
}

/* Parse an fqn into a sequence of names;
   using '/', and then (conditionally) '.' */
int
NCD4_parseFQN(const char* fqn0, NClist* pieces)
{
    int ret = NC_NOERR;
    int count;
    char* p;
    char* start;
    char* fqn = NULL;

    if(fqn0 == NULL) fqn0 = "/";
    fqn = strdup(fqn0[0] == '/' ? fqn0+1 : fqn0);
    start = fqn;
    /* Step 0: insert rootname */
    nclistpush(pieces,strdup("/"));
    /* Step 1: Break fqn into pieces at occurrences of '/' */
    count = 0;
    for(p=start;*p;) {
	switch(*p) {
	case '\\': /* leave the escapes in place */
	    p+=2;
	    break;
	case '/': /*capture the piece name */
	    *p++ = '\0';
	    start = p; /* mark start of the next part */
	    count++;
	    break;
	default: /* ordinary char */
	    p++;
	    break;
	}
    }
#ifdef ALLOWFIELDMAPS
    /* Step 2, walk the final piece to break up based on '.' */
    for(p=start;*p;) {
	switch(*p) {
	case '\\': /* leave the escapes in place */
	    p+=2;
	    break;
	case '.': /*capture the piece name */
	    *p++ = '\0';
	    start = p;
	    count++;
	    break;
	default: /* ordinary char */
	    p++;
	    break;
	}
    }
#endif
    count++; /* acct for last piece */
    /* Step 3: capture and de-scape the pieces */
    for(p=fqn;count > 0;count--) {
	char* descaped = NCD4_deescape(p);
	nclistpush(pieces,descaped);
	p = p + strlen(p) + 1; /* skip past the terminating nul */
    }
    if(fqn != NULL) free(fqn);
    return THROW(ret);
}

char*
NCD4_deescape(const char* esc)
{
    size_t len;
    char* s;
    const char* p;
    char* q;

    if(esc == NULL) return NULL;
    len = strlen(esc);
    s = (char*)malloc(len+1);
    if(s == NULL) return NULL;
    for(p=esc,q=s;*p;) {
	switch (*p) {
	case '\\':
	     p++;
	     /* fall thru */
	default: *q++ = *p++; break;
	}
    }
    *q = '\0';
    return s;
}

char*
NCD4_entityescape(const char* s)
{
    const char* p;
    char* q;
    size_t len;
    char* escaped = NULL;
    const char* entity;

    len = strlen(s);
    escaped = (char*)malloc(1+(6*len)); /* 6 = |&apos;| */
    if(escaped == NULL) return NULL;
    for(p=s,q=escaped;*p;p++) {
	char c = *p;
	switch (c) {
	case '&':  entity = "&amp;"; break;
	case '<':  entity = "&lt;"; break;
	case '>':  entity = "&gt;"; break;
	case '"':  entity = "&quot;"; break;
	case '\'': entity = "&apos;"; break;
	default	 : entity = NULL; break;
	}
	if(entity == NULL)
	    *q++ = c;
	else {
	    len = strlen(entity);
	    memcpy(q,entity,len);
	    q+=len;
	}
    }
    *q = '\0';
    return escaped;
}

/* Elide all nul characters from an XML document as a precaution*/
size_t
NCD4_elidenuls(char* s, size_t slen)
{
    size_t i,j;
    for(j=0,i=0;i<slen;i++) {
        int c = s[i];
	if(c != 0)
	    s[j++] = (char)c;
    }       
    /* if we remove any nuls then nul term */
    if(j < i)
	s[j] = '\0';
    return j;
}

int
NCD4_readfile(const char* filename, NCbytes* content)
{
    int ret = NC_NOERR;
    FILE* stream = NULL;
    char part[1024];

    stream = fopen(filename,"r");
    if(stream == NULL) {ret=errno; goto done;}
    for(;;) {
	size_t count = fread(part, 1, sizeof(part), stream);
	if(count <= 0) break;
	ncbytesappendn(content,part,count);
	if(ferror(stream)) {ret = NC_EIO; goto done;}
	if(feof(stream)) break;
    }
    ncbytesnull(content);
done:
    if(stream) fclose(stream);
    return ret;
}

/**
Wrap mktmp and return the generated name
*/

int
NCD4_mktmp(const char* base, char** tmpnamep)
{
    int fd;
    char tmp[NC_MAX_PATH];
#ifdef HAVE_MKSTEMP
    mode_t mask;
#endif

    strncpy(tmp,base,sizeof(tmp));
#ifdef HAVE_MKSTEMP
    strncat(tmp,"XXXXXX", sizeof(tmp) - strlen(tmp) - 1);
    /* Note Potential problem: old versions of this function
       leave the file in mode 0666 instead of 0600 */
    mask=umask(0077);
    fd = mkstemp(tmp);
    (void)umask(mask);
#else /* !HAVE_MKSTEMP */
    /* Need to simulate by using some kind of pseudo-random number */
    {
	int rno = rand();
	char spid[7];
	if(rno < 0) rno = -rno;
        snprintf(spid,sizeof(spid),"%06d",rno);
        strncat(tmp,spid,sizeof(tmp));
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(_WIN64)
        fd=open(tmp,O_RDWR|O_BINARY|O_CREAT, _S_IREAD|_S_IWRITE);
#  else
        fd=open(tmp,O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_EXCL, S_IRWXU);
#  endif
    }
#endif /* !HAVE_MKSTEMP */
    if(fd < 0) {
       nclog(NCLOGERR, "Could not create temp file: %s",tmp);
       return THROW(NC_EPERM);
    } else
	close(fd);
    if(tmpnamep) *tmpnamep = strdup(tmp);
    return THROW(NC_NOERR);
}

void
NCD4_hostport(NCURI* uri, char* space, size_t len)
{
    if(space != NULL && len >  0) {
	space[0] = '\0'; /* so we can use strncat */
        if(uri->host != NULL) {
	    strncat(space,uri->host,len);
            if(uri->port != NULL) {
	        strncat(space,":",len);
	        strncat(space,uri->port,len);
	    }
	}
    }
}

void
NCD4_userpwd(NCURI* uri, char* space, size_t len)
{
    if(space != NULL && len > 0) {
	space[0] = '\0'; /* so we can use strncat */
        if(uri->user != NULL && uri->password != NULL) {
            strncat(space,uri->user,len);
            strncat(space,":",len);
            strncat(space,uri->password,len);
	}
    }
}

/**************************************************/
/* Error reporting */

int
NCD4_error(int code, const int line, const char* file, const char* fmt, ...)
{
    va_list argv;
    fprintf(stderr,"(%s:%d) ",file,line);
    va_start(argv,fmt);
    ncvlog(NCLOGERR,fmt,argv);
    return code;
}

int
NCD4_errorNC(int code, const int line, const char* file)
{
    return NCD4_error(code,line,file,nc_strerror(code));
}