File: README.md

package info (click to toggle)
node-nan 2.4.0-2
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: stretch
  • size: 1,212 kB
  • ctags: 1,658
  • sloc: cpp: 6,307; python: 3,105; ansic: 1,314; makefile: 104; sh: 33
file content (403 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 25,622 bytes parent folder | download
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
Native Abstractions for Node.js
===============================

**A header file filled with macro and utility goodness for making add-on development for Node.js easier across versions 0.8, 0.10, 0.12, 1, 4, 5 and 6.**

***Current version: 2.4.0***

*(See [CHANGELOG.md](https://github.com/nodejs/nan/blob/master/CHANGELOG.md) for complete ChangeLog)*

[![NPM](https://nodei.co/npm/nan.png?downloads=true&downloadRank=true)](https://nodei.co/npm/nan/) [![NPM](https://nodei.co/npm-dl/nan.png?months=6&height=3)](https://nodei.co/npm/nan/)

[![Build Status](https://api.travis-ci.org/nodejs/nan.svg?branch=master)](http://travis-ci.org/nodejs/nan)
[![Build status](https://ci.appveyor.com/api/projects/status/kh73pbm9dsju7fgh)](https://ci.appveyor.com/project/RodVagg/nan)

Thanks to the crazy changes in V8 (and some in Node core), keeping native addons compiling happily across versions, particularly 0.10 to 0.12 to 4.0, is a minor nightmare. The goal of this project is to store all logic necessary to develop native Node.js addons without having to inspect `NODE_MODULE_VERSION` and get yourself into a macro-tangle.

This project also contains some helper utilities that make addon development a bit more pleasant.

 * **[News & Updates](#news)**
 * **[Usage](#usage)**
 * **[Example](#example)**
 * **[API](#api)**
 * **[Tests](#tests)**
 * **[Governance & Contributing](#governance)**

<a name="news"></a>
## News & Updates

<a name="usage"></a>
## Usage

Simply add **NAN** as a dependency in the *package.json* of your Node addon:

``` bash
$ npm install --save nan
```

Pull in the path to **NAN** in your *binding.gyp* so that you can use `#include <nan.h>` in your *.cpp* files:

``` python
"include_dirs" : [
    "<!(node -e \"require('nan')\")"
]
```

This works like a `-I<path-to-NAN>` when compiling your addon.

<a name="example"></a>
## Example

Just getting started with Nan? Take a look at the **[Node Add-on Examples](https://github.com/nodejs/node-addon-examples)**.

Refer to a [quick-start **Nan** Boilerplate](https://github.com/fcanas/node-native-boilerplate) for a ready-to-go project that utilizes basic Nan functionality.

For a simpler example, see the **[async pi estimation example](https://github.com/nodejs/nan/tree/master/examples/async_pi_estimate)** in the examples directory for full code and an explanation of what this Monte Carlo Pi estimation example does. Below are just some parts of the full example that illustrate the use of **NAN**.

Yet another example is **[nan-example-eol](https://github.com/CodeCharmLtd/nan-example-eol)**. It shows newline detection implemented as a native addon.

Also take a look at our comprehensive **[C++ test suite](https://github.com/nodejs/nan/tree/master/test/cpp)** which has a plehora of code snippets for your pasting pleasure.

<a name="api"></a>
## API

Additional to the NAN documentation below, please consult:

* [The V8 Getting Started Guide](https://developers.google.com/v8/get_started)
* [The V8 Embedders Guide](https://developers.google.com/v8/embed)
* [V8 API Documentation](http://v8docs.nodesource.com/)
* [Node Add-on Documentation](https://nodejs.org/api/addons.html)

<!-- START API -->

### JavaScript-accessible methods

A _template_ is a blueprint for JavaScript functions and objects in a context. You can use a template to wrap C++ functions and data structures within JavaScript objects so that they can be manipulated from JavaScript. See the V8 Embedders Guide section on [Templates](https://developers.google.com/v8/embed#templates) for further information.

In order to expose functionality to JavaScript via a template, you must provide it to V8 in a form that it understands. Across the versions of V8 supported by NAN, JavaScript-accessible method signatures vary widely, NAN fully abstracts method declaration and provides you with an interface that is similar to the most recent V8 API but is backward-compatible with older versions that still use the now-deceased `v8::Argument` type.

* **Method argument types**
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_function_callback_info"><b><code>Nan::FunctionCallbackInfo</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_property_callback_info"><b><code>Nan::PropertyCallbackInfo</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_return_value"><b><code>Nan::ReturnValue</code></b></a>
* **Method declarations**
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_method"><b>Method declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_getter"><b>Getter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_setter"><b>Setter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_property_getter"><b>Property getter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_property_setter"><b>Property setter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_property_enumerator"><b>Property enumerator declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_property_deleter"><b>Property deleter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_property_query"><b>Property query declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_index_getter"><b>Index getter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_index_setter"><b>Index setter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_index_enumerator"><b>Index enumerator declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_index_deleter"><b>Index deleter declaration</b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_index_query"><b>Index query declaration</b></a>
* Method and template helpers
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_method"><b><code>Nan::SetMethod()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_prototype_method"><b><code>Nan::SetPrototypeMethod()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_accessor"><b><code>Nan::SetAccessor()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_named_property_handler"><b><code>Nan::SetNamedPropertyHandler()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_indexed_property_handler"><b><code>Nan::SetIndexedPropertyHandler()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_template"><b><code>Nan::SetTemplate()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_prototype_template"><b><code>Nan::SetPrototypeTemplate()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_instance_template"><b><code>Nan::SetInstanceTemplate()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_call_handler"><b><code>Nan::SetCallHandler()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/methods.md#api_nan_set_call_as_function_handler"><b><code>Nan::SetCallAsFunctionHandler()</code></b></a>

### Scopes

A _local handle_ is a pointer to an object. All V8 objects are accessed using handles, they are necessary because of the way the V8 garbage collector works.

A handle scope can be thought of as a container for any number of handles. When you've finished with your handles, instead of deleting each one individually you can simply delete their scope.

The creation of `HandleScope` objects is different across the supported versions of V8. Therefore, NAN provides its own implementations that can be used safely across these.

 - <a href="doc/scopes.md#api_nan_handle_scope"><b><code>Nan::HandleScope</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/scopes.md#api_nan_escapable_handle_scope"><b><code>Nan::EscapableHandleScope</code></b></a>

Also see the V8 Embedders Guide section on [Handles and Garbage Collection](https://developers.google.com/v8/embed#handles).

### Persistent references

An object reference that is independent of any `HandleScope` is a _persistent_ reference. Where a `Local` handle only lives as long as the `HandleScope` in which it was allocated, a `Persistent` handle remains valid until it is explicitly disposed.

Due to the evolution of the V8 API, it is necessary for NAN to provide a wrapper implementation of the `Persistent` classes to supply compatibility across the V8 versions supported.

 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_persistent_base"><b><code>Nan::PersistentBase & v8::PersistentBase</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_non_copyable_persistent_traits"><b><code>Nan::NonCopyablePersistentTraits & v8::NonCopyablePersistentTraits</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_copyable_persistent_traits"><b><code>Nan::CopyablePersistentTraits & v8::CopyablePersistentTraits</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_persistent"><b><code>Nan::Persistent</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_global"><b><code>Nan::Global</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_weak_callback_info"><b><code>Nan::WeakCallbackInfo</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/persistent.md#api_nan_weak_callback_type"><b><code>Nan::WeakCallbackType</code></b></a>

Also see the V8 Embedders Guide section on [Handles and Garbage Collection](https://developers.google.com/v8/embed#handles).

### New

NAN provides a `Nan::New()` helper for the creation of new JavaScript objects in a way that's compatible across the supported versions of V8.

 - <a href="doc/new.md#api_nan_new"><b><code>Nan::New()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/new.md#api_nan_undefined"><b><code>Nan::Undefined()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/new.md#api_nan_null"><b><code>Nan::Null()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/new.md#api_nan_true"><b><code>Nan::True()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/new.md#api_nan_false"><b><code>Nan::False()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/new.md#api_nan_empty_string"><b><code>Nan::EmptyString()</code></b></a>


### Converters

NAN contains functions that convert `v8::Value`s to other `v8::Value` types and native types. Since type conversion is not guaranteed to succeed, they return `Nan::Maybe` types. These converters can be used in place of `value->ToX()` and `value->XValue()` (where `X` is one of the types, e.g. `Boolean`) in a way that provides a consistent interface across V8 versions. Newer versions of V8 use the new `v8::Maybe` and `v8::MaybeLocal` types for these conversions, older versions don't have this functionality so it is provided by NAN.

 - <a href="doc/converters.md#api_nan_to"><b><code>Nan::To()</code></b></a>

### Maybe Types

The `Nan::MaybeLocal` and `Nan::Maybe` types are monads that encapsulate `v8::Local` handles that _may be empty_.

* **Maybe Types**
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_maybe_local"><b><code>Nan::MaybeLocal</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_maybe"><b><code>Nan::Maybe</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_nothing"><b><code>Nan::Nothing</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_just"><b><code>Nan::Just</code></b></a>
* **Maybe Helpers**
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_call"><b><code>Nan::Call()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_to_detail_string"><b><code>Nan::ToDetailString()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_to_array_index"><b><code>Nan::ToArrayIndex()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_equals"><b><code>Nan::Equals()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_new_instance"><b><code>Nan::NewInstance()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_function"><b><code>Nan::GetFunction()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_set"><b><code>Nan::Set()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_force_set"><b><code>Nan::ForceSet()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get"><b><code>Nan::Get()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_property_attribute"><b><code>Nan::GetPropertyAttributes()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_has"><b><code>Nan::Has()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_delete"><b><code>Nan::Delete()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_property_names"><b><code>Nan::GetPropertyNames()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_own_property_names"><b><code>Nan::GetOwnPropertyNames()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_set_prototype"><b><code>Nan::SetPrototype()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_object_proto_to_string"><b><code>Nan::ObjectProtoToString()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_has_own_property"><b><code>Nan::HasOwnProperty()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_has_real_named_property"><b><code>Nan::HasRealNamedProperty()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_has_real_indexed_property"><b><code>Nan::HasRealIndexedProperty()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_has_real_named_callback_property"><b><code>Nan::HasRealNamedCallbackProperty()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_real_named_property_in_prototype_chain"><b><code>Nan::GetRealNamedPropertyInPrototypeChain()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_real_named_property"><b><code>Nan::GetRealNamedProperty()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_call_as_function"><b><code>Nan::CallAsFunction()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_call_as_constructor"><b><code>Nan::CallAsConstructor()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_source_line"><b><code>Nan::GetSourceLine()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_line_number"><b><code>Nan::GetLineNumber()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_start_column"><b><code>Nan::GetStartColumn()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_get_end_column"><b><code>Nan::GetEndColumn()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_clone_element_at"><b><code>Nan::CloneElementAt()</code></b></a>
  - <a href="doc/maybe_types.md#api_nan_make_maybe"><b><code>Nan::MakeMaybe()</code></b></a>

### Script

NAN provides a `v8::Script` helpers as the API has changed over the supported versions of V8.

 - <a href="doc/script.md#api_nan_compile_script"><b><code>Nan::CompileScript()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/script.md#api_nan_run_script"><b><code>Nan::RunScript()</code></b></a>


### Errors

NAN includes helpers for creating, throwing and catching Errors as much of this functionality varies across the supported versions of V8 and must be abstracted.

Note that an Error object is simply a specialized form of `v8::Value`.

Also consult the V8 Embedders Guide section on [Exceptions](https://developers.google.com/v8/embed#exceptions) for more information.

 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_error"><b><code>Nan::Error()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_range_error"><b><code>Nan::RangeError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_reference_error"><b><code>Nan::ReferenceError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_syntax_error"><b><code>Nan::SyntaxError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_type_error"><b><code>Nan::TypeError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_throw_error"><b><code>Nan::ThrowError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_throw_range_error"><b><code>Nan::ThrowRangeError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_throw_reference_error"><b><code>Nan::ThrowReferenceError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_throw_syntax_error"><b><code>Nan::ThrowSyntaxError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_throw_type_error"><b><code>Nan::ThrowTypeError()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_fatal_exception"><b><code>Nan::FatalException()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_errno_exception"><b><code>Nan::ErrnoException()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/errors.md#api_nan_try_catch"><b><code>Nan::TryCatch</code></b></a>


### Buffers

NAN's `node::Buffer` helpers exist as the API has changed across supported Node versions. Use these methods to ensure compatibility.

 - <a href="doc/buffers.md#api_nan_new_buffer"><b><code>Nan::NewBuffer()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/buffers.md#api_nan_copy_buffer"><b><code>Nan::CopyBuffer()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/buffers.md#api_nan_free_callback"><b><code>Nan::FreeCallback()</code></b></a>

### Nan::Callback

`Nan::Callback` makes it easier to use `v8::Function` handles as callbacks. A class that wraps a `v8::Function` handle, protecting it from garbage collection and making it particularly useful for storage and use across asynchronous execution.

 - <a href="doc/callback.md#api_nan_callback"><b><code>Nan::Callback</code></b></a>

### Asynchronous work helpers

`Nan::AsyncWorker` and `Nan::AsyncProgressWorker` are helper classes that make working with asynchronous code easier.

 - <a href="doc/asyncworker.md#api_nan_async_worker"><b><code>Nan::AsyncWorker</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/asyncworker.md#api_nan_async_progress_worker"><b><code>Nan::AsyncProgressWorkerBase & Nan::AsyncProgressWorker</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/asyncworker.md#api_nan_async_queue_worker"><b><code>Nan::AsyncQueueWorker</code></b></a>

### Strings & Bytes

Miscellaneous string & byte encoding and decoding functionality provided for compatibility across supported versions of V8 and Node. Implemented by NAN to ensure that all encoding types are supported, even for older versions of Node where they are missing.

 - <a href="doc/string_bytes.md#api_nan_encoding"><b><code>Nan::Encoding</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/string_bytes.md#api_nan_encode"><b><code>Nan::Encode()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/string_bytes.md#api_nan_decode_bytes"><b><code>Nan::DecodeBytes()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/string_bytes.md#api_nan_decode_write"><b><code>Nan::DecodeWrite()</code></b></a>


### Object Wrappers

The `ObjectWrap` class can be used to make wrapped C++ objects and a factory of wrapped objects.

 - <a href="doc/object_wrappers.md#api_nan_object_wrap"><b><code>Nan::ObjectWrap</code></b></a>


### V8 internals

The hooks to access V8 internals—including GC and statistics—are different across the supported versions of V8, therefore NAN provides its own hooks that call the appropriate V8 methods.

 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_gc_callback"><b><code>NAN_GC_CALLBACK()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_add_gc_epilogue_callback"><b><code>Nan::AddGCEpilogueCallback()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_remove_gc_epilogue_callback"><b><code>Nan::RemoveGCEpilogueCallback()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_add_gc_prologue_callback"><b><code>Nan::AddGCPrologueCallback()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_remove_gc_prologue_callback"><b><code>Nan::RemoveGCPrologueCallback()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_get_heap_statistics"><b><code>Nan::GetHeapStatistics()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_set_counter_function"><b><code>Nan::SetCounterFunction()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_set_create_histogram_function"><b><code>Nan::SetCreateHistogramFunction()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_set_add_histogram_sample_function"><b><code>Nan::SetAddHistogramSampleFunction()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_idle_notification"><b><code>Nan::IdleNotification()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_low_memory_notification"><b><code>Nan::LowMemoryNotification()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_context_disposed_notification"><b><code>Nan::ContextDisposedNotification()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_get_internal_field_pointer"><b><code>Nan::GetInternalFieldPointer()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_set_internal_field_pointer"><b><code>Nan::SetInternalFieldPointer()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_internals.md#api_nan_adjust_external_memory"><b><code>Nan::AdjustExternalMemory()</code></b></a>


### Miscellaneous V8 Helpers

 - <a href="doc/v8_misc.md#api_nan_utf8_string"><b><code>Nan::Utf8String</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_misc.md#api_nan_get_current_context"><b><code>Nan::GetCurrentContext()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_misc.md#api_nan_set_isolate_data"><b><code>Nan::SetIsolateData()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_misc.md#api_nan_get_isolate_data"><b><code>Nan::GetIsolateData()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/v8_misc.md#api_nan_typedarray_contents"><b><code>Nan::TypedArrayContents</code></b></a>


### Miscellaneous Node Helpers

 - <a href="doc/node_misc.md#api_nan_make_callback"><b><code>Nan::MakeCallback()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/node_misc.md#api_nan_module_init"><b><code>NAN_MODULE_INIT()</code></b></a>
 - <a href="doc/node_misc.md#api_nan_export"><b><code>Nan::Export()</code></b></a>

<!-- END API -->


<a name="tests"></a>
### Tests

To run the NAN tests do:

``` sh
npm install
npm run-script rebuild-tests
npm test
```

Or just:

``` sh
npm install
make test
```

<a name="governance"></a>
## Governance & Contributing

NAN is governed by the [io.js](https://iojs.org/) Addon API Working Group

### Addon API Working Group (WG)

The NAN project is jointly governed by a Working Group which is responsible for high-level guidance of the project.

Members of the WG are also known as Collaborators, there is no distinction between the two, unlike other io.js projects.

The WG has final authority over this project including:

* Technical direction
* Project governance and process (including this policy)
* Contribution policy
* GitHub repository hosting
* Maintaining the list of additional Collaborators

For the current list of WG members, see the project [README.md](./README.md#collaborators).

Individuals making significant and valuable contributions are made members of the WG and given commit-access to the project. These individuals are identified by the WG and their addition to the WG is discussed via GitHub and requires unanimous consensus amongst those WG members participating in the discussion with a quorum of 50% of WG members required for acceptance of the vote.

_Note:_ If you make a significant contribution and are not considered for commit-access log an issue or contact a WG member directly.

For the current list of WG members / Collaborators, see the project [README.md](./README.md#collaborators).

### Consensus Seeking Process

The WG follows a [Consensus Seeking](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consensus-seeking_decision-making) decision making model.

Modifications of the contents of the NAN repository are made on a collaborative basis. Anybody with a GitHub account may propose a modification via pull request and it will be considered by the WG. All pull requests must be reviewed and accepted by a WG member with sufficient expertise who is able to take full responsibility for the change. In the case of pull requests proposed by an existing WG member, an additional WG member is required for sign-off. Consensus should be sought if additional WG members participate and there is disagreement around a particular modification.

If a change proposal cannot reach a consensus, a WG member can call for a vote amongst the members of the WG. Simple majority wins.

<a id="developers-certificate-of-origin"></a>
## Developer's Certificate of Origin 1.1

By making a contribution to this project, I certify that:

* (a) The contribution was created in whole or in part by me and I
  have the right to submit it under the open source license
  indicated in the file; or

* (b) The contribution is based upon previous work that, to the best
  of my knowledge, is covered under an appropriate open source
  license and I have the right under that license to submit that
  work with modifications, whether created in whole or in part
  by me, under the same open source license (unless I am
  permitted to submit under a different license), as indicated
  in the file; or

* (c) The contribution was provided directly to me by some other
  person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
  it.

* (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
  are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
  personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
  maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
  this project or the open source license(s) involved.

<a name="collaborators"></a>
### WG Members / Collaborators

<table><tbody>
<tr><th align="left">Rod Vagg</th><td><a href="https://github.com/rvagg">GitHub/rvagg</a></td><td><a href="http://twitter.com/rvagg">Twitter/@rvagg</a></td></tr>
<tr><th align="left">Benjamin Byholm</th><td><a href="https://github.com/kkoopa/">GitHub/kkoopa</a></td><td>-</td></tr>
<tr><th align="left">Trevor Norris</th><td><a href="https://github.com/trevnorris">GitHub/trevnorris</a></td><td><a href="http://twitter.com/trevnorris">Twitter/@trevnorris</a></td></tr>
<tr><th align="left">Nathan Rajlich</th><td><a href="https://github.com/TooTallNate">GitHub/TooTallNate</a></td><td><a href="http://twitter.com/TooTallNate">Twitter/@TooTallNate</a></td></tr>
<tr><th align="left">Brett Lawson</th><td><a href="https://github.com/brett19">GitHub/brett19</a></td><td><a href="http://twitter.com/brett19x">Twitter/@brett19x</a></td></tr>
<tr><th align="left">Ben Noordhuis</th><td><a href="https://github.com/bnoordhuis">GitHub/bnoordhuis</a></td><td><a href="http://twitter.com/bnoordhuis">Twitter/@bnoordhuis</a></td></tr>
<tr><th align="left">David Siegel</th><td><a href="https://github.com/agnat">GitHub/agnat</a></td><td>-</td></tr>
</tbody></table>

## Licence &amp; copyright

Copyright (c) 2016 NAN WG Members / Collaborators (listed above).

Native Abstractions for Node.js is licensed under an MIT license. All rights not explicitly granted in the MIT license are reserved. See the included LICENSE file for more details.