File: _stream_writable.js

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// A bit simpler than readable streams.
// Implement an async ._write(chunk, encoding, cb), and it'll handle all
// the drain event emission and buffering.

'use strict';

module.exports = Writable;
Writable.WritableState = WritableState;

const util = require('util');
const internalUtil = require('internal/util');
const Stream = require('stream');
const Buffer = require('buffer').Buffer;

util.inherits(Writable, Stream);

function nop() {}

function WriteReq(chunk, encoding, cb) {
  this.chunk = chunk;
  this.encoding = encoding;
  this.callback = cb;
  this.next = null;
}

function WritableState(options, stream) {
  options = options || {};

  // object stream flag to indicate whether or not this stream
  // contains buffers or objects.
  this.objectMode = !!options.objectMode;

  if (stream instanceof Stream.Duplex)
    this.objectMode = this.objectMode || !!options.writableObjectMode;

  // the point at which write() starts returning false
  // Note: 0 is a valid value, means that we always return false if
  // the entire buffer is not flushed immediately on write()
  var hwm = options.highWaterMark;
  var defaultHwm = this.objectMode ? 16 : 16 * 1024;
  this.highWaterMark = (hwm || hwm === 0) ? hwm : defaultHwm;

  // cast to ints.
  this.highWaterMark = ~~this.highWaterMark;

  // drain event flag.
  this.needDrain = false;
  // at the start of calling end()
  this.ending = false;
  // when end() has been called, and returned
  this.ended = false;
  // when 'finish' is emitted
  this.finished = false;

  // should we decode strings into buffers before passing to _write?
  // this is here so that some node-core streams can optimize string
  // handling at a lower level.
  var noDecode = options.decodeStrings === false;
  this.decodeStrings = !noDecode;

  // Crypto is kind of old and crusty.  Historically, its default string
  // encoding is 'binary' so we have to make this configurable.
  // Everything else in the universe uses 'utf8', though.
  this.defaultEncoding = options.defaultEncoding || 'utf8';

  // not an actual buffer we keep track of, but a measurement
  // of how much we're waiting to get pushed to some underlying
  // socket or file.
  this.length = 0;

  // a flag to see when we're in the middle of a write.
  this.writing = false;

  // when true all writes will be buffered until .uncork() call
  this.corked = 0;

  // a flag to be able to tell if the onwrite cb is called immediately,
  // or on a later tick.  We set this to true at first, because any
  // actions that shouldn't happen until "later" should generally also
  // not happen before the first write call.
  this.sync = true;

  // a flag to know if we're processing previously buffered items, which
  // may call the _write() callback in the same tick, so that we don't
  // end up in an overlapped onwrite situation.
  this.bufferProcessing = false;

  // the callback that's passed to _write(chunk,cb)
  this.onwrite = function(er) {
    onwrite(stream, er);
  };

  // the callback that the user supplies to write(chunk,encoding,cb)
  this.writecb = null;

  // the amount that is being written when _write is called.
  this.writelen = 0;

  this.bufferedRequest = null;
  this.lastBufferedRequest = null;

  // number of pending user-supplied write callbacks
  // this must be 0 before 'finish' can be emitted
  this.pendingcb = 0;

  // emit prefinish if the only thing we're waiting for is _write cbs
  // This is relevant for synchronous Transform streams
  this.prefinished = false;

  // True if the error was already emitted and should not be thrown again
  this.errorEmitted = false;

  // count buffered requests
  this.bufferedRequestCount = 0;

  // allocate the first CorkedRequest, there is always
  // one allocated and free to use, and we maintain at most two
  this.corkedRequestsFree = new CorkedRequest(this);
}

WritableState.prototype.getBuffer = function getBuffer() {
  var current = this.bufferedRequest;
  var out = [];
  while (current) {
    out.push(current);
    current = current.next;
  }
  return out;
};

Object.defineProperty(WritableState.prototype, 'buffer', {
  get: internalUtil.deprecate(function() {
    return this.getBuffer();
  }, '_writableState.buffer is deprecated. Use _writableState.getBuffer ' +
     'instead.')
});

function Writable(options) {
  // Writable ctor is applied to Duplexes, though they're not
  // instanceof Writable, they're instanceof Readable.
  if (!(this instanceof Writable) && !(this instanceof Stream.Duplex))
    return new Writable(options);

  this._writableState = new WritableState(options, this);

  // legacy.
  this.writable = true;

  if (options) {
    if (typeof options.write === 'function')
      this._write = options.write;

    if (typeof options.writev === 'function')
      this._writev = options.writev;
  }

  Stream.call(this);
}

// Otherwise people can pipe Writable streams, which is just wrong.
Writable.prototype.pipe = function() {
  this.emit('error', new Error('Cannot pipe. Not readable.'));
};


function writeAfterEnd(stream, cb) {
  var er = new Error('write after end');
  // TODO: defer error events consistently everywhere, not just the cb
  stream.emit('error', er);
  process.nextTick(cb, er);
}

// If we get something that is not a buffer, string, null, or undefined,
// and we're not in objectMode, then that's an error.
// Otherwise stream chunks are all considered to be of length=1, and the
// watermarks determine how many objects to keep in the buffer, rather than
// how many bytes or characters.
function validChunk(stream, state, chunk, cb) {
  var valid = true;

  if (!(chunk instanceof Buffer) &&
      typeof chunk !== 'string' &&
      chunk !== null &&
      chunk !== undefined &&
      !state.objectMode) {
    var er = new TypeError('Invalid non-string/buffer chunk');
    stream.emit('error', er);
    process.nextTick(cb, er);
    valid = false;
  }
  return valid;
}

Writable.prototype.write = function(chunk, encoding, cb) {
  var state = this._writableState;
  var ret = false;

  if (typeof encoding === 'function') {
    cb = encoding;
    encoding = null;
  }

  if (chunk instanceof Buffer)
    encoding = 'buffer';
  else if (!encoding)
    encoding = state.defaultEncoding;

  if (typeof cb !== 'function')
    cb = nop;

  if (state.ended)
    writeAfterEnd(this, cb);
  else if (validChunk(this, state, chunk, cb)) {
    state.pendingcb++;
    ret = writeOrBuffer(this, state, chunk, encoding, cb);
  }

  return ret;
};

Writable.prototype.cork = function() {
  var state = this._writableState;

  state.corked++;
};

Writable.prototype.uncork = function() {
  var state = this._writableState;

  if (state.corked) {
    state.corked--;

    if (!state.writing &&
        !state.corked &&
        !state.finished &&
        !state.bufferProcessing &&
        state.bufferedRequest)
      clearBuffer(this, state);
  }
};

Writable.prototype.setDefaultEncoding = function setDefaultEncoding(encoding) {
  // node::ParseEncoding() requires lower case.
  if (typeof encoding === 'string')
    encoding = encoding.toLowerCase();
  if (!Buffer.isEncoding(encoding))
    throw new TypeError('Unknown encoding: ' + encoding);
  this._writableState.defaultEncoding = encoding;
};

function decodeChunk(state, chunk, encoding) {
  if (!state.objectMode &&
      state.decodeStrings !== false &&
      typeof chunk === 'string') {
    chunk = new Buffer(chunk, encoding);
  }
  return chunk;
}

// if we're already writing something, then just put this
// in the queue, and wait our turn.  Otherwise, call _write
// If we return false, then we need a drain event, so set that flag.
function writeOrBuffer(stream, state, chunk, encoding, cb) {
  chunk = decodeChunk(state, chunk, encoding);

  if (chunk instanceof Buffer)
    encoding = 'buffer';
  var len = state.objectMode ? 1 : chunk.length;

  state.length += len;

  var ret = state.length < state.highWaterMark;
  // we must ensure that previous needDrain will not be reset to false.
  if (!ret)
    state.needDrain = true;

  if (state.writing || state.corked) {
    var last = state.lastBufferedRequest;
    state.lastBufferedRequest = new WriteReq(chunk, encoding, cb);
    if (last) {
      last.next = state.lastBufferedRequest;
    } else {
      state.bufferedRequest = state.lastBufferedRequest;
    }
    state.bufferedRequestCount += 1;
  } else {
    doWrite(stream, state, false, len, chunk, encoding, cb);
  }

  return ret;
}

function doWrite(stream, state, writev, len, chunk, encoding, cb) {
  state.writelen = len;
  state.writecb = cb;
  state.writing = true;
  state.sync = true;
  if (writev)
    stream._writev(chunk, state.onwrite);
  else
    stream._write(chunk, encoding, state.onwrite);
  state.sync = false;
}

function onwriteError(stream, state, sync, er, cb) {
  --state.pendingcb;
  if (sync)
    process.nextTick(cb, er);
  else
    cb(er);

  stream._writableState.errorEmitted = true;
  stream.emit('error', er);
}

function onwriteStateUpdate(state) {
  state.writing = false;
  state.writecb = null;
  state.length -= state.writelen;
  state.writelen = 0;
}

function onwrite(stream, er) {
  var state = stream._writableState;
  var sync = state.sync;
  var cb = state.writecb;

  onwriteStateUpdate(state);

  if (er)
    onwriteError(stream, state, sync, er, cb);
  else {
    // Check if we're actually ready to finish, but don't emit yet
    var finished = needFinish(state);

    if (!finished &&
        !state.corked &&
        !state.bufferProcessing &&
        state.bufferedRequest) {
      clearBuffer(stream, state);
    }

    if (sync) {
      process.nextTick(afterWrite, stream, state, finished, cb);
    } else {
      afterWrite(stream, state, finished, cb);
    }
  }
}

function afterWrite(stream, state, finished, cb) {
  if (!finished)
    onwriteDrain(stream, state);
  state.pendingcb--;
  cb();
  finishMaybe(stream, state);
}

// Must force callback to be called on nextTick, so that we don't
// emit 'drain' before the write() consumer gets the 'false' return
// value, and has a chance to attach a 'drain' listener.
function onwriteDrain(stream, state) {
  if (state.length === 0 && state.needDrain) {
    state.needDrain = false;
    stream.emit('drain');
  }
}

// if there's something in the buffer waiting, then process it
function clearBuffer(stream, state) {
  state.bufferProcessing = true;
  var entry = state.bufferedRequest;

  if (stream._writev && entry && entry.next) {
    // Fast case, write everything using _writev()
    var l = state.bufferedRequestCount;
    var buffer = new Array(l);
    var holder = state.corkedRequestsFree;
    holder.entry = entry;

    var count = 0;
    while (entry) {
      buffer[count] = entry;
      entry = entry.next;
      count += 1;
    }

    doWrite(stream, state, true, state.length, buffer, '', holder.finish);

    // doWrite is almost always async, defer these to save a bit of time
    // as the hot path ends with doWrite
    state.pendingcb++;
    state.lastBufferedRequest = null;
    if (holder.next) {
      state.corkedRequestsFree = holder.next;
      holder.next = null;
    } else {
      state.corkedRequestsFree = new CorkedRequest(state);
    }
  } else {
    // Slow case, write chunks one-by-one
    while (entry) {
      var chunk = entry.chunk;
      var encoding = entry.encoding;
      var cb = entry.callback;
      var len = state.objectMode ? 1 : chunk.length;

      doWrite(stream, state, false, len, chunk, encoding, cb);
      entry = entry.next;
      // if we didn't call the onwrite immediately, then
      // it means that we need to wait until it does.
      // also, that means that the chunk and cb are currently
      // being processed, so move the buffer counter past them.
      if (state.writing) {
        break;
      }
    }

    if (entry === null)
      state.lastBufferedRequest = null;
  }

  state.bufferedRequestCount = 0;
  state.bufferedRequest = entry;
  state.bufferProcessing = false;
}

Writable.prototype._write = function(chunk, encoding, cb) {
  cb(new Error('not implemented'));
};

Writable.prototype._writev = null;

Writable.prototype.end = function(chunk, encoding, cb) {
  var state = this._writableState;

  if (typeof chunk === 'function') {
    cb = chunk;
    chunk = null;
    encoding = null;
  } else if (typeof encoding === 'function') {
    cb = encoding;
    encoding = null;
  }

  if (chunk !== null && chunk !== undefined)
    this.write(chunk, encoding);

  // .end() fully uncorks
  if (state.corked) {
    state.corked = 1;
    this.uncork();
  }

  // ignore unnecessary end() calls.
  if (!state.ending && !state.finished)
    endWritable(this, state, cb);
};


function needFinish(state) {
  return (state.ending &&
          state.length === 0 &&
          state.bufferedRequest === null &&
          !state.finished &&
          !state.writing);
}

function prefinish(stream, state) {
  if (!state.prefinished) {
    state.prefinished = true;
    stream.emit('prefinish');
  }
}

function finishMaybe(stream, state) {
  var need = needFinish(state);
  if (need) {
    if (state.pendingcb === 0) {
      prefinish(stream, state);
      state.finished = true;
      stream.emit('finish');
    } else {
      prefinish(stream, state);
    }
  }
  return need;
}

function endWritable(stream, state, cb) {
  state.ending = true;
  finishMaybe(stream, state);
  if (cb) {
    if (state.finished)
      process.nextTick(cb);
    else
      stream.once('finish', cb);
  }
  state.ended = true;
}

// It seems a linked list but it is not
// there will be only 2 of these for each stream
function CorkedRequest(state) {
  this.next = null;
  this.entry = null;

  this.finish = (err) => {
    var entry = this.entry;
    this.entry = null;
    while (entry) {
      var cb = entry.callback;
      state.pendingcb--;
      cb(err);
      entry = entry.next;
    }
    if (state.corkedRequestsFree) {
      state.corkedRequestsFree.next = this;
    } else {
      state.corkedRequestsFree = this;
    }
  };
}