File: url.js

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'use strict';

const punycode = require('punycode');

exports.parse = urlParse;
exports.resolve = urlResolve;
exports.resolveObject = urlResolveObject;
exports.format = urlFormat;

exports.Url = Url;

function Url() {
  this.protocol = null;
  this.slashes = null;
  this.auth = null;
  this.host = null;
  this.port = null;
  this.hostname = null;
  this.hash = null;
  this.search = null;
  this.query = null;
  this.pathname = null;
  this.path = null;
  this.href = null;
}

// Reference: RFC 3986, RFC 1808, RFC 2396

// define these here so at least they only have to be
// compiled once on the first module load.
const protocolPattern = /^([a-z0-9.+-]+:)/i;
const portPattern = /:[0-9]*$/;

// Special case for a simple path URL
const simplePathPattern = /^(\/\/?(?!\/)[^\?\s]*)(\?[^\s]*)?$/;

// RFC 2396: characters reserved for delimiting URLs.
// We actually just auto-escape these.
const delims = ['<', '>', '"', '`', ' ', '\r', '\n', '\t'];

// RFC 2396: characters not allowed for various reasons.
const unwise = ['{', '}', '|', '\\', '^', '`'].concat(delims);

// Allowed by RFCs, but cause of XSS attacks.  Always escape these.
const autoEscape = ['\''].concat(unwise);

// Characters that are never ever allowed in a hostname.
// Note that any invalid chars are also handled, but these
// are the ones that are *expected* to be seen, so we fast-path them.
const nonHostChars = ['%', '/', '?', ';', '#'].concat(autoEscape);
const hostEndingChars = ['/', '?', '#'];
const hostnameMaxLen = 255;
const hostnamePartPattern = /^[+a-z0-9A-Z_-]{0,63}$/;
const hostnamePartStart = /^([+a-z0-9A-Z_-]{0,63})(.*)$/;
// protocols that can allow "unsafe" and "unwise" chars.
const unsafeProtocol = {
  'javascript': true,
  'javascript:': true
};
// protocols that never have a hostname.
const hostlessProtocol = {
  'javascript': true,
  'javascript:': true
};
// protocols that always contain a // bit.
const slashedProtocol = {
  'http': true,
  'http:': true,
  'https': true,
  'https:': true,
  'ftp': true,
  'ftp:': true,
  'gopher': true,
  'gopher:': true,
  'file': true,
  'file:': true
};
const querystring = require('querystring');

function urlParse(url, parseQueryString, slashesDenoteHost) {
  if (url instanceof Url) return url;

  var u = new Url();
  u.parse(url, parseQueryString, slashesDenoteHost);
  return u;
}

Url.prototype.parse = function(url, parseQueryString, slashesDenoteHost) {
  if (typeof url !== 'string') {
    throw new TypeError("Parameter 'url' must be a string, not " + typeof url);
  }
  var i, j, k, l;
  // Copy chrome, IE, opera backslash-handling behavior.
  // Back slashes before the query string get converted to forward slashes
  // See: https://code.google.com/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=25916
  const queryIndex = url.indexOf('?');
  const splitter =
      (queryIndex !== -1 && queryIndex < url.indexOf('#')) ? '?' : '#';
  const uSplit = url.split(splitter);
  const slashRegex = /\\/g;
  uSplit[0] = uSplit[0].replace(slashRegex, '/');
  url = uSplit.join(splitter);

  var rest = url;

  // trim before proceeding.
  // This is to support parse stuff like "  http://foo.com  \n"
  rest = rest.trim();

  if (!slashesDenoteHost && url.split('#').length === 1) {
    // Try fast path regexp
    var simplePath = simplePathPattern.exec(rest);
    if (simplePath) {
      this.path = rest;
      this.href = rest;
      this.pathname = simplePath[1];
      if (simplePath[2]) {
        this.search = simplePath[2];
        if (parseQueryString) {
          this.query = querystring.parse(this.search.substr(1));
        } else {
          this.query = this.search.substr(1);
        }
      } else if (parseQueryString) {
        this.search = '';
        this.query = {};
      }
      return this;
    }
  }

  var proto = protocolPattern.exec(rest);
  if (proto) {
    proto = proto[0];
    var lowerProto = proto.toLowerCase();
    this.protocol = lowerProto;
    rest = rest.substr(proto.length);
  }

  // figure out if it's got a host
  // user@server is *always* interpreted as a hostname, and url
  // resolution will treat //foo/bar as host=foo,path=bar because that's
  // how the browser resolves relative URLs.
  if (slashesDenoteHost || proto || rest.match(/^\/\/[^@\/]+@[^@\/]+/)) {
    var slashes = rest.substr(0, 2) === '//';
    if (slashes && !(proto && hostlessProtocol[proto])) {
      rest = rest.substr(2);
      this.slashes = true;
    }
  }

  if (!hostlessProtocol[proto] &&
      (slashes || (proto && !slashedProtocol[proto]))) {

    // there's a hostname.
    // the first instance of /, ?, ;, or # ends the host.
    //
    // If there is an @ in the hostname, then non-host chars *are* allowed
    // to the left of the last @ sign, unless some host-ending character
    // comes *before* the @-sign.
    // URLs are obnoxious.
    //
    // ex:
    // http://a@b@c/ => user:a@b host:c
    // http://a@b?@c => user:a host:b path:/?@c

    // v0.12 TODO(isaacs): This is not quite how Chrome does things.
    // Review our test case against browsers more comprehensively.

    // find the first instance of any hostEndingChars
    var hostEnd = -1;
    for (i = 0; i < hostEndingChars.length; i++) {
      const hec = rest.indexOf(hostEndingChars[i]);
      if (hec !== -1 && (hostEnd === -1 || hec < hostEnd))
        hostEnd = hec;
    }

    // at this point, either we have an explicit point where the
    // auth portion cannot go past, or the last @ char is the decider.
    var auth, atSign;
    if (hostEnd === -1) {
      // atSign can be anywhere.
      atSign = rest.lastIndexOf('@');
    } else {
      // atSign must be in auth portion.
      // http://a@b/c@d => host:b auth:a path:/c@d
      atSign = rest.lastIndexOf('@', hostEnd);
    }

    // Now we have a portion which is definitely the auth.
    // Pull that off.
    if (atSign !== -1) {
      auth = rest.slice(0, atSign);
      rest = rest.slice(atSign + 1);
      this.auth = decodeURIComponent(auth);
    }

    // the host is the remaining to the left of the first non-host char
    hostEnd = -1;
    for (i = 0; i < nonHostChars.length; i++) {
      const hec = rest.indexOf(nonHostChars[i]);
      if (hec !== -1 && (hostEnd === -1 || hec < hostEnd))
        hostEnd = hec;
    }
    // if we still have not hit it, then the entire thing is a host.
    if (hostEnd === -1)
      hostEnd = rest.length;

    this.host = rest.slice(0, hostEnd);
    rest = rest.slice(hostEnd);

    // pull out port.
    this.parseHost();

    // we've indicated that there is a hostname,
    // so even if it's empty, it has to be present.
    this.hostname = this.hostname || '';

    // if hostname begins with [ and ends with ]
    // assume that it's an IPv6 address.
    var ipv6Hostname = this.hostname[0] === '[' &&
        this.hostname[this.hostname.length - 1] === ']';

    // validate a little.
    if (!ipv6Hostname) {
      var hostparts = this.hostname.split(/\./);
      for (i = 0, l = hostparts.length; i < l; i++) {
        var part = hostparts[i];
        if (!part) continue;
        if (!part.match(hostnamePartPattern)) {
          var newpart = '';
          for (j = 0, k = part.length; j < k; j++) {
            if (part.charCodeAt(j) > 127) {
              // we replace non-ASCII char with a temporary placeholder
              // we need this to make sure size of hostname is not
              // broken by replacing non-ASCII by nothing
              newpart += 'x';
            } else {
              newpart += part[j];
            }
          }
          // we test again with ASCII char only
          if (!newpart.match(hostnamePartPattern)) {
            var validParts = hostparts.slice(0, i);
            var notHost = hostparts.slice(i + 1);
            var bit = part.match(hostnamePartStart);
            if (bit) {
              validParts.push(bit[1]);
              notHost.unshift(bit[2]);
            }
            if (notHost.length) {
              rest = '/' + notHost.join('.') + rest;
            }
            this.hostname = validParts.join('.');
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }

    if (this.hostname.length > hostnameMaxLen) {
      this.hostname = '';
    } else {
      // hostnames are always lower case.
      this.hostname = this.hostname.toLowerCase();
    }

    if (!ipv6Hostname) {
      // IDNA Support: Returns a punycoded representation of "domain".
      // It only converts parts of the domain name that
      // have non-ASCII characters, i.e. it doesn't matter if
      // you call it with a domain that already is ASCII-only.
      this.hostname = punycode.toASCII(this.hostname);
    }

    var p = this.port ? ':' + this.port : '';
    var h = this.hostname || '';
    this.host = h + p;

    // strip [ and ] from the hostname
    // the host field still retains them, though
    if (ipv6Hostname) {
      this.hostname = this.hostname.substr(1, this.hostname.length - 2);
      if (rest[0] !== '/') {
        rest = '/' + rest;
      }
    }
  }

  // now rest is set to the post-host stuff.
  // chop off any delim chars.
  if (!unsafeProtocol[lowerProto]) {

    // First, make 100% sure that any "autoEscape" chars get
    // escaped, even if encodeURIComponent doesn't think they
    // need to be.
    for (i = 0, l = autoEscape.length; i < l; i++) {
      var ae = autoEscape[i];
      if (rest.indexOf(ae) === -1)
        continue;
      var esc = encodeURIComponent(ae);
      if (esc === ae) {
        esc = escape(ae);
      }
      rest = rest.split(ae).join(esc);
    }
  }


  // chop off from the tail first.
  var hash = rest.indexOf('#');
  if (hash !== -1) {
    // got a fragment string.
    this.hash = rest.substr(hash);
    rest = rest.slice(0, hash);
  }
  var qm = rest.indexOf('?');
  if (qm !== -1) {
    this.search = rest.substr(qm);
    this.query = rest.substr(qm + 1);
    if (parseQueryString) {
      this.query = querystring.parse(this.query);
    }
    rest = rest.slice(0, qm);
  } else if (parseQueryString) {
    // no query string, but parseQueryString still requested
    this.search = '';
    this.query = {};
  }
  if (rest) this.pathname = rest;
  if (slashedProtocol[lowerProto] &&
      this.hostname && !this.pathname) {
    this.pathname = '/';
  }

  //to support http.request
  if (this.pathname || this.search) {
    const p = this.pathname || '';
    const s = this.search || '';
    this.path = p + s;
  }

  // finally, reconstruct the href based on what has been validated.
  this.href = this.format();
  return this;
};

// format a parsed object into a url string
function urlFormat(obj) {
  // ensure it's an object, and not a string url.
  // If it's an obj, this is a no-op.
  // this way, you can call url_format() on strings
  // to clean up potentially wonky urls.
  if (typeof obj === 'string') obj = urlParse(obj);

  else if (typeof obj !== 'object' || obj === null)
    throw new TypeError("Parameter 'urlObj' must be an object, not " +
                        obj === null ? 'null' : typeof obj);

  else if (!(obj instanceof Url)) return Url.prototype.format.call(obj);

  return obj.format();
}

Url.prototype.format = function() {
  var auth = this.auth || '';
  if (auth) {
    auth = encodeURIComponent(auth);
    auth = auth.replace(/%3A/i, ':');
    auth += '@';
  }

  var protocol = this.protocol || '';
  var pathname = this.pathname || '';
  var hash = this.hash || '';
  var host = false;
  var query = '';

  if (this.host) {
    host = auth + this.host;
  } else if (this.hostname) {
    host = auth + (this.hostname.indexOf(':') === -1 ?
        this.hostname :
        '[' + this.hostname + ']');
    if (this.port) {
      host += ':' + this.port;
    }
  }

  if (this.query !== null &&
      typeof this.query === 'object' &&
      Object.keys(this.query).length) {
    query = querystring.stringify(this.query);
  }

  var search = this.search || (query && ('?' + query)) || '';

  if (protocol && protocol.substr(-1) !== ':') protocol += ':';

  // only the slashedProtocols get the //.  Not mailto:, xmpp:, etc.
  // unless they had them to begin with.
  if (this.slashes ||
      (!protocol || slashedProtocol[protocol]) && host !== false) {
    host = '//' + (host || '');
    if (pathname && pathname.charAt(0) !== '/') pathname = '/' + pathname;
  } else if (!host) {
    host = '';
  }

  if (hash && hash.charAt(0) !== '#') hash = '#' + hash;
  if (search && search.charAt(0) !== '?') search = '?' + search;

  pathname = pathname.replace(/[?#]/g, function(match) {
    return encodeURIComponent(match);
  });
  search = search.replace(/#/g, '%23');

  return protocol + host + pathname + search + hash;
};

function urlResolve(source, relative) {
  return urlParse(source, false, true).resolve(relative);
}

Url.prototype.resolve = function(relative) {
  return this.resolveObject(urlParse(relative, false, true)).format();
};

function urlResolveObject(source, relative) {
  if (!source) return relative;
  return urlParse(source, false, true).resolveObject(relative);
}

Url.prototype.resolveObject = function(relative) {
  if (typeof relative === 'string') {
    var rel = new Url();
    rel.parse(relative, false, true);
    relative = rel;
  }

  var result = new Url();
  var tkeys = Object.keys(this);
  for (var tk = 0; tk < tkeys.length; tk++) {
    var tkey = tkeys[tk];
    result[tkey] = this[tkey];
  }

  // hash is always overridden, no matter what.
  // even href="" will remove it.
  result.hash = relative.hash;

  // if the relative url is empty, then there's nothing left to do here.
  if (relative.href === '') {
    result.href = result.format();
    return result;
  }

  // hrefs like //foo/bar always cut to the protocol.
  if (relative.slashes && !relative.protocol) {
    // take everything except the protocol from relative
    var rkeys = Object.keys(relative);
    for (var rk = 0; rk < rkeys.length; rk++) {
      var rkey = rkeys[rk];
      if (rkey !== 'protocol')
        result[rkey] = relative[rkey];
    }

    //urlParse appends trailing / to urls like http://www.example.com
    if (slashedProtocol[result.protocol] &&
        result.hostname && !result.pathname) {
      result.path = result.pathname = '/';
    }

    result.href = result.format();
    return result;
  }

  if (relative.protocol && relative.protocol !== result.protocol) {
    // if it's a known url protocol, then changing
    // the protocol does weird things
    // first, if it's not file:, then we MUST have a host,
    // and if there was a path
    // to begin with, then we MUST have a path.
    // if it is file:, then the host is dropped,
    // because that's known to be hostless.
    // anything else is assumed to be absolute.
    if (!slashedProtocol[relative.protocol]) {
      var keys = Object.keys(relative);
      for (var v = 0; v < keys.length; v++) {
        var k = keys[v];
        result[k] = relative[k];
      }
      result.href = result.format();
      return result;
    }

    result.protocol = relative.protocol;
    if (!relative.host &&
        !/^file:?$/.test(relative.protocol) &&
        !hostlessProtocol[relative.protocol]) {
      const relPath = (relative.pathname || '').split('/');
      while (relPath.length && !(relative.host = relPath.shift()));
      if (!relative.host) relative.host = '';
      if (!relative.hostname) relative.hostname = '';
      if (relPath[0] !== '') relPath.unshift('');
      if (relPath.length < 2) relPath.unshift('');
      result.pathname = relPath.join('/');
    } else {
      result.pathname = relative.pathname;
    }
    result.search = relative.search;
    result.query = relative.query;
    result.host = relative.host || '';
    result.auth = relative.auth;
    result.hostname = relative.hostname || relative.host;
    result.port = relative.port;
    // to support http.request
    if (result.pathname || result.search) {
      var p = result.pathname || '';
      var s = result.search || '';
      result.path = p + s;
    }
    result.slashes = result.slashes || relative.slashes;
    result.href = result.format();
    return result;
  }

  const isSourceAbs = (result.pathname && result.pathname.charAt(0) === '/');
  const isRelAbs = (
      relative.host ||
      relative.pathname && relative.pathname.charAt(0) === '/'
  );
  var mustEndAbs = (isRelAbs || isSourceAbs ||
                    (result.host && relative.pathname));
  const removeAllDots = mustEndAbs;
  let srcPath = result.pathname && result.pathname.split('/') || [];
  const relPath = relative.pathname && relative.pathname.split('/') || [];
  const psychotic = result.protocol && !slashedProtocol[result.protocol];

  // if the url is a non-slashed url, then relative
  // links like ../.. should be able
  // to crawl up to the hostname, as well.  This is strange.
  // result.protocol has already been set by now.
  // Later on, put the first path part into the host field.
  if (psychotic) {
    result.hostname = '';
    result.port = null;
    if (result.host) {
      if (srcPath[0] === '') srcPath[0] = result.host;
      else srcPath.unshift(result.host);
    }
    result.host = '';
    if (relative.protocol) {
      relative.hostname = null;
      relative.port = null;
      if (relative.host) {
        if (relPath[0] === '') relPath[0] = relative.host;
        else relPath.unshift(relative.host);
      }
      relative.host = null;
    }
    mustEndAbs = mustEndAbs && (relPath[0] === '' || srcPath[0] === '');
  }

  if (isRelAbs) {
    // it's absolute.
    if (relative.host || relative.host === '') {
      result.host = relative.host;
      result.port = relative.port;
    }
    result.hostname = (relative.hostname || relative.hostname === '') ?
                      relative.hostname : result.hostname;
    result.search = relative.search;
    result.query = relative.query;
    srcPath = relPath;
    // fall through to the dot-handling below.
  } else if (relPath.length) {
    // it's relative
    // throw away the existing file, and take the new path instead.
    if (!srcPath) srcPath = [];
    srcPath.pop();
    srcPath = srcPath.concat(relPath);
    result.search = relative.search;
    result.query = relative.query;
  } else if (relative.search !== null && relative.search !== undefined) {
    // just pull out the search.
    // like href='?foo'.
    // Put this after the other two cases because it simplifies the booleans
    if (psychotic) {
      result.hostname = result.host = srcPath.shift();
      //occasionally the auth can get stuck only in host
      //this especially happens in cases like
      //url.resolveObject('mailto:local1@domain1', 'local2@domain2')
      const authInHost = result.host && result.host.indexOf('@') > 0 ?
                       result.host.split('@') : false;
      if (authInHost) {
        result.auth = authInHost.shift();
        result.host = result.hostname = authInHost.shift();
      }
    }
    result.search = relative.search;
    result.query = relative.query;
    //to support http.request
    if (result.pathname !== null || result.search !== null) {
      result.path = (result.pathname ? result.pathname : '') +
                    (result.search ? result.search : '');
    }
    result.href = result.format();
    return result;
  }

  if (!srcPath.length) {
    // no path at all.  easy.
    // we've already handled the other stuff above.
    result.pathname = null;
    //to support http.request
    if (result.search) {
      result.path = '/' + result.search;
    } else {
      result.path = null;
    }
    result.href = result.format();
    return result;
  }

  // if a url ENDs in . or .., then it must get a trailing slash.
  // however, if it ends in anything else non-slashy,
  // then it must NOT get a trailing slash.
  var last = srcPath.slice(-1)[0];
  var hasTrailingSlash = (
      (result.host || relative.host || srcPath.length > 1) &&
      (last === '.' || last === '..') || last === '');

  // strip single dots, resolve double dots to parent dir
  // if the path tries to go above the root, `up` ends up > 0
  var up = 0;
  for (var i = srcPath.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
    last = srcPath[i];
    if (last === '.') {
      spliceOne(srcPath, i);
    } else if (last === '..') {
      spliceOne(srcPath, i);
      up++;
    } else if (up) {
      spliceOne(srcPath, i);
      up--;
    }
  }

  // if the path is allowed to go above the root, restore leading ..s
  if (!mustEndAbs && !removeAllDots) {
    for (; up--; up) {
      srcPath.unshift('..');
    }
  }

  if (mustEndAbs && srcPath[0] !== '' &&
      (!srcPath[0] || srcPath[0].charAt(0) !== '/')) {
    srcPath.unshift('');
  }

  if (hasTrailingSlash && (srcPath.join('/').substr(-1) !== '/')) {
    srcPath.push('');
  }

  var isAbsolute = srcPath[0] === '' ||
      (srcPath[0] && srcPath[0].charAt(0) === '/');

  // put the host back
  if (psychotic) {
    result.hostname = result.host = isAbsolute ? '' :
                                    srcPath.length ? srcPath.shift() : '';
    //occasionally the auth can get stuck only in host
    //this especially happens in cases like
    //url.resolveObject('mailto:local1@domain1', 'local2@domain2')
    const authInHost = result.host && result.host.indexOf('@') > 0 ?
                     result.host.split('@') : false;
    if (authInHost) {
      result.auth = authInHost.shift();
      result.host = result.hostname = authInHost.shift();
    }
  }

  mustEndAbs = mustEndAbs || (result.host && srcPath.length);

  if (mustEndAbs && !isAbsolute) {
    srcPath.unshift('');
  }

  if (!srcPath.length) {
    result.pathname = null;
    result.path = null;
  } else {
    result.pathname = srcPath.join('/');
  }

  //to support request.http
  if (result.pathname !== null || result.search !== null) {
    result.path = (result.pathname ? result.pathname : '') +
                  (result.search ? result.search : '');
  }
  result.auth = relative.auth || result.auth;
  result.slashes = result.slashes || relative.slashes;
  result.href = result.format();
  return result;
};

Url.prototype.parseHost = function() {
  var host = this.host;
  var port = portPattern.exec(host);
  if (port) {
    port = port[0];
    if (port !== ':') {
      this.port = port.substr(1);
    }
    host = host.substr(0, host.length - port.length);
  }
  if (host) this.hostname = host;
};

// About 1.5x faster than the two-arg version of Array#splice().
function spliceOne(list, index) {
  for (var i = index, k = i + 1, n = list.length; k < n; i += 1, k += 1)
    list[i] = list[k];
  list.pop();
}