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Nova Style Commandments
=======================

- Step 1: Read the OpenStack Style Commandments
  http://docs.openstack.org/developer/hacking/
- Step 2: Read on

Nova Specific Commandments
---------------------------

- ``nova.db`` imports are not allowed in ``nova/virt/*``
- [N309] no db session in public API methods (disabled)
  This enforces a guideline defined in ``oslo.db.sqlalchemy.session``
- [N310] timeutils.utcnow() wrapper must be used instead of direct calls to
  datetime.datetime.utcnow() to make it easy to override its return value in tests
- [N311] importing code from other virt drivers forbidden
  Code that needs to be shared between virt drivers should be moved
  into a common module
- [N312] using config vars from other virt drivers forbidden
  Config parameters that need to be shared between virt drivers
  should be moved into a common module
- [N313] capitalize help string
  Config parameter help strings should have a capitalized first letter
- [N314] vim configuration should not be kept in source files.
- [N316] Change assertTrue(isinstance(A, B)) by optimal assert like
  assertIsInstance(A, B).
- [N317] Change assertEqual(type(A), B) by optimal assert like
  assertIsInstance(A, B)
- [N318] Change assertEqual(A, None) or assertEqual(None, A) by optimal assert like
  assertIsNone(A)
- [N319] Validate that debug level logs are not translated.
- [N320] Setting CONF.* attributes directly in tests is forbidden. Use
  self.flags(option=value) instead.
- [N321] Validate that LOG messages, except debug ones, have translations
- [N322] Method's default argument shouldn't be mutable
- [N323] Ensure that the _() function is explicitly imported to ensure proper translations.
- [N324] Ensure that jsonutils.%(fun)s must be used instead of json.%(fun)s
- [N325] str() and unicode() cannot be used on an exception.  Remove use or use six.text_type()
- [N326] Translated messages cannot be concatenated.  String should be included in translated message.
- [N328] Validate that LOG.info messages use _LI.
- [N329] Validate that LOG.exception messages use _LE.
- [N330] Validate that LOG.warning and LOG.warn messages use _LW.
- [N332] Check that the api_version decorator is the first decorator on a method
- [N334] Change assertTrue/False(A in/not in B, message) to the more specific
  assertIn/NotIn(A, B, message)
- [N335] Check for usage of deprecated assertRaisesRegexp
- [N336] Must use a dict comprehension instead of a dict constructor with a sequence of key-value pairs.
- [N337] Don't import translation in tests
- [N338] Change assertEqual(A in B, True), assertEqual(True, A in B),
  assertEqual(A in B, False) or assertEqual(False, A in B) to the more specific
  assertIn/NotIn(A, B)
- [N339] Check common raise_feature_not_supported() is used for v2.1 HTTPNotImplemented response.
- [N340] Check nova.utils.spawn() is used instead of greenthread.spawn() and eventlet.spawn()
- [N341] contextlib.nested is deprecated
- [N342] Config options should be in the central location ``nova/conf/``
- [N343] Check for common double word typos
- [N344] Python 3: do not use dict.iteritems.
- [N345] Python 3: do not use dict.iterkeys.
- [N346] Python 3: do not use dict.itervalues.
- [N347] Provide enough help text for config options
- [N348] Deprecated library function os.popen()

Creating Unit Tests
-------------------
For every new feature, unit tests should be created that both test and
(implicitly) document the usage of said feature. If submitting a patch for a
bug that had no unit test, a new passing unit test should be added. If a
submitted bug fix does have a unit test, be sure to add a new one that fails
without the patch and passes with the patch.

For more information on creating unit tests and utilizing the testing
infrastructure in OpenStack Nova, please read ``nova/tests/unit/README.rst``.


Running Tests
-------------
The testing system is based on a combination of tox and testr. The canonical
approach to running tests is to simply run the command ``tox``. This will
create virtual environments, populate them with dependencies and run all of
the tests that OpenStack CI systems run. Behind the scenes, tox is running
``testr run --parallel``, but is set up such that you can supply any additional
testr arguments that are needed to tox. For example, you can run:
``tox -- --analyze-isolation`` to cause tox to tell testr to add
--analyze-isolation to its argument list.

Python packages may also have dependencies that are outside of tox's ability
to install. Please refer to ``doc/source/development.environment.rst`` for
a list of those packages on Ubuntu, Fedora and Mac OS X.

To run a single or restricted set of tests, pass a regex that matches
the class name containing the tests as an extra ``tox`` argument;
e.g. ``tox -- TestWSGIServer`` (note the double-hypen) will test all
WSGI server tests from ``nova/tests/unit/test_wsgi.py``; ``--
TestWSGIServer.test_uri_length_limit`` would run just that test, and
``-- TestWSGIServer|TestWSGIServerWithSSL`` would run tests from both
classes.

It is also possible to run the tests inside of a virtual environment
you have created, or it is possible that you have all of the dependencies
installed locally already. In this case, you can interact with the testr
command directly. Running ``testr run`` will run the entire test suite. ``testr
run --parallel`` will run it in parallel (this is the default incantation tox
uses.) More information about testr can be found at:
http://wiki.openstack.org/testr

Building Docs
-------------
Normal Sphinx docs can be built via the setuptools ``build_sphinx`` command. To
do this via ``tox``, simply run ``tox -e docs``,
which will cause a virtualenv with all of the needed dependencies to be
created and then inside of the virtualenv, the docs will be created and
put into doc/build/html.

Building a PDF of the Documentation
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
If you'd like a PDF of the documentation, you'll need LaTeX and ImageMagick
installed, and additionally some fonts. On Ubuntu systems, you can get what you
need with::

    apt-get install texlive-full imagemagick

Then you can then use the ``build_latex_pdf.sh`` script in tools/ to take care
of both the the sphinx latex generation and the latex compilation. For example::

    tools/build_latex_pdf.sh

The script must be run from the root of the Nova repository and it'll copy the
output pdf to Nova.pdf in that directory.