File: oct-env.cc

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/*

Copyright (C) 1996-2015 John W. Eaton

This file is part of Octave.

Octave is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version.

Octave is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Octave; see the file COPYING.  If not, see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

*/

/*

The functions listed below were adapted from a similar functions
from GNU Bash, the Bourne Again SHell, copyright (C) 1987, 1989, 1991
Free Software Foundation, Inc.

  octave_env::do_absolute_pathname
  octave_env::do_base_pathname
  octave_env::do_chdir
  octave_env::do_getcwd
  octave_env::do_make_absolute
  octave_env::do_polite_directory_format
  octave_env::pathname_backup

*/

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

#include <cctype>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <cstring>

#include <string>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "progname.h"

#include "file-ops.h"
#include "lo-error.h"
#include "lo-sysdep.h"
#include "lo-utils.h"
#include "oct-env.h"
#include "oct-passwd.h"
#include "oct-syscalls.h"
#include "singleton-cleanup.h"

octave_env::octave_env (void)
  : follow_symbolic_links (true), verbatim_pwd (true),
    current_directory (), prog_name (), prog_invocation_name (),
    user_name (), host_name ()
{
  // Get a real value for the current directory.
  do_getcwd ();

  // Etc.
  do_get_user_name ();

  do_get_host_name ();
}

octave_env *octave_env::instance = 0;

bool
octave_env::instance_ok (void)
{
  bool retval = true;

  if (! instance)
    {
      instance = new octave_env ();

      if (instance)
        singleton_cleanup_list::add (cleanup_instance);
    }

  if (! instance)
    {
      (*current_liboctave_error_handler)
        ("unable to create current working directory object!");

      retval = false;
    }

  return retval;
}

std::string
octave_env::polite_directory_format (const std::string& name)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_polite_directory_format (name) : std::string ();
}

bool
octave_env::absolute_pathname (const std::string& s)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_absolute_pathname (s) : false;
}

bool
octave_env::rooted_relative_pathname (const std::string& s)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_rooted_relative_pathname (s) : false;
}

std::string
octave_env::base_pathname (const std::string& s)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_base_pathname (s) : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::make_absolute (const std::string& s, const std::string& dot_path)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_make_absolute (s, dot_path) : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::get_current_directory ()
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_getcwd () : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::get_home_directory ()
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_get_home_directory () : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::get_temp_directory ()
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_get_temp_directory () : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::get_program_name (void)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->prog_name : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::get_program_invocation_name (void)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->prog_invocation_name : std::string ();
}

void
octave_env::set_program_name (const std::string& s)
{
  if (instance_ok ())
    instance->do_set_program_name (s);
}

std::string
octave_env::get_user_name (void)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_get_user_name () : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::get_host_name (void)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_get_host_name () : std::string ();
}

std::string
octave_env::do_get_temp_directory (void) const
{
  std::string tempd;

#if defined (__MINGW32__) || defined (_MSC_VER)

  tempd = do_getenv ("TEMP");

  if (tempd.empty ())
    tempd = do_getenv ("TMP");

  #if defined (P_tmpdir)
  if (tempd.empty ())
    tempd = P_tmpdir;
  #endif

  // Some versions of MinGW and MSVC either don't define P_tmpdir, or
  // define it to a single backslash.  In such cases just use C:\temp.
  if (tempd.empty () || tempd == "\\")
    tempd = "c:\\temp";

#else    // Unix-like OS

  tempd = do_getenv ("TMP");

  #if defined (P_tmpdir)
  if (tempd.empty ())
    tempd = P_tmpdir;
  #else
  if (tempd.empty ())
    tempd = "/tmp";
  #endif

#endif

  return tempd;
}

// FIXME: this leaves no way to distinguish between a
// variable that is not set and one that is set to the empty string.
// Is this a problem?

std::string
octave_env::getenv (const std::string& name)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_getenv (name) : std::string ();
}

void
octave_env::putenv (const std::string& name, const std::string& value)
{
  octave_putenv (name, value);
}

bool
octave_env::have_x11_display (void)
{
  std::string display = getenv ("DISPLAY");

  return ! display.empty ();
}

bool
octave_env::chdir (const std::string& newdir)
{
  return (instance_ok ())
         ? instance->do_chdir (newdir) : false;
}

void
octave_env::do_set_program_name (const std::string& s) const
{
  // For gnulib.
  ::set_program_name (s.c_str ());

  // Let gnulib strip off things like the "lt-" prefix from libtool.
  prog_invocation_name = program_name;

  size_t pos
    = prog_invocation_name.find_last_of (file_ops::dir_sep_chars ());

  // Also keep a shortened version of the program name.
  prog_name = (pos == std::string::npos)
              ? prog_invocation_name : prog_invocation_name.substr (pos+1);
}

// Return a pretty pathname.  If the first part of the pathname is the
// same as $HOME, then replace that with '~'.

std::string
octave_env::do_polite_directory_format (const std::string& name) const
{
  std::string retval;

  std::string home_dir = do_get_home_directory ();

  size_t len = home_dir.length ();

  if (len > 1 && home_dir == name.substr (0, len)
      && (name.length () == len || file_ops::is_dir_sep (name[len])))
    {
      retval = "~";
      retval.append (name.substr (len));
    }
  else
    retval = name;

  return retval;
}

bool
octave_env::do_absolute_pathname (const std::string& s) const
{
  size_t len = s.length ();

  if (len == 0)
    return false;

  if (file_ops::is_dir_sep (s[0]))
    return true;

#if defined (OCTAVE_HAVE_WINDOWS_FILESYSTEM)
  if ((len == 2 && isalpha (s[0]) && s[1] == ':')
      || (len > 2 && isalpha (s[0]) && s[1] == ':'
          && file_ops::is_dir_sep (s[2])))
    return true;
#endif

  return false;
}

bool
octave_env::do_rooted_relative_pathname (const std::string& s) const
{
  size_t len = s.length ();

  if (len == 0)
    return false;

  if (len == 1 && s[0] == '.')
    return true;

  if (len > 1 && s[0] == '.' && file_ops::is_dir_sep (s[1]))
    return true;

  if (len == 2 && s[0] == '.' && s[1] == '.')
    return true;

  if (len > 2 && s[0] == '.' && s[1] == '.' && file_ops::is_dir_sep (s[2]))
    return true;

  return false;
}

// Return the 'basename' of the pathname in STRING (the stuff after
// the last directory separator).  If STRING is not a full pathname,
// simply return it.

std::string
octave_env::do_base_pathname (const std::string& s) const
{
  if (! (do_absolute_pathname (s) || do_rooted_relative_pathname (s)))
    return s;

  size_t pos = s.find_last_of (file_ops::dir_sep_chars ());

  if (pos == std::string::npos)
    return s;
  else
    return s.substr (pos+1);
}

// Turn STRING (a pathname) into an absolute pathname, assuming that
// DOT_PATH contains the symbolic location of the current directory.

std::string
octave_env::do_make_absolute (const std::string& s,
                              const std::string& dot_path) const
{
  if (dot_path.empty () || s.empty () || do_absolute_pathname (s))
    return s;

  std::string current_dir = dot_path;

  if (current_dir.empty ())
    current_dir = do_getcwd ();

  size_t pos = current_dir.length () - 1;

  if (! file_ops::is_dir_sep (current_dir[pos]))
    current_dir.append (file_ops::dir_sep_str ());

  // FIXME: this is probably not correct for all systems.

  size_t i = 0;
  size_t slen = s.length ();

  while (i < slen)
    {
      if (s[i] == '.')
        {
          if (i + 1 == slen)
            return current_dir;

          if (file_ops::is_dir_sep (s[i+1]))
            {
              i += 2;
              continue;
            }

          if (s[i+1] == '.'
              && (i + 2 == slen || file_ops::is_dir_sep (s[i+2])))
            {
              i += 2;

              if (i != slen)
                i++;

              pathname_backup (current_dir, 1);

              continue;
            }
        }

      size_t tmp = s.find_first_of (file_ops::dir_sep_chars (), i);

      if (tmp == std::string::npos)
        {
          current_dir.append (s, i, tmp-i);
          break;
        }
      else
        {
          current_dir.append (s, i, tmp-i+1);
          i = tmp + 1;
        }
    }

  return current_dir;
}

// Return a string which is the current working directory.

std::string
octave_env::do_getcwd () const
{
  if (! follow_symbolic_links)
    current_directory = "";

  if (verbatim_pwd || current_directory.empty ())
    current_directory = ::octave_getcwd ();

  return current_directory;
}

// This value is not cached because it can change while Octave is
// running.

std::string
octave_env::do_get_home_directory (void) const
{
  std::string hd = do_getenv ("HOME");

#if defined (__MINGW32__) || defined (_MSC_VER)
  // Maybe we are started directly from cmd.exe.
  if (hd.empty ())
    {
      std::string drv = do_getenv ("HOMEDRIVE");
      if (drv.empty ())
        hd = do_getenv ("HOMEPATH");
      else
        hd = drv + do_getenv ("HOMEPATH");
    }
#endif

  if (hd.empty ())
    {
      octave_passwd pw = octave_passwd::getpwuid (octave_syscalls::getuid ());

      hd = pw ? pw.dir () : std::string (file_ops::dir_sep_str ());
    }

  return hd;
}

std::string
octave_env::do_get_user_name (void) const
{
  if (user_name.empty ())
    {
      octave_passwd pw = octave_passwd::getpwuid (octave_syscalls::getuid ());

      user_name = pw ? pw.name () : std::string ("unknown");
    }

  return user_name;
}

std::string
octave_env::do_get_host_name (void) const
{
  if (host_name.empty ())
    {
      char hostname[1024];

      int status = gnulib::gethostname (hostname, 1023);

      host_name = (status < 0) ? "unknown" : hostname;
    }

  return host_name;
}

std::string
octave_env::do_getenv (const std::string& name) const
{
  char *value = ::getenv (name.c_str ());

  return value ? value : "";
}

// Do the work of changing to the directory NEWDIR.  Handle symbolic
// link following, etc.

bool
octave_env::do_chdir (const std::string& newdir)
{
  bool retval = false;

  std::string tmp;

  if (follow_symbolic_links)
    {
      if (current_directory.empty ())
        do_getcwd ();

      if (current_directory.empty ())
        tmp = newdir;
      else
        tmp = do_make_absolute (newdir, current_directory);

      // Get rid of trailing directory separator.

      size_t len = tmp.length ();

      if (len > 1)
        {
          if (file_ops::is_dir_sep (tmp[--len]))
            tmp.resize (len);
        }

      if (! ::octave_chdir (tmp))
        {
          current_directory = tmp;
          retval = true;
        }
    }
  else
    retval = (! ::octave_chdir (newdir));

  return retval;
}

// Remove the last N directories from PATH.

void
octave_env::pathname_backup (std::string& path, int n) const
{
  if (path.empty ())
    return;

  size_t i = path.length () - 1;

  while (n--)
    {
      while (file_ops::is_dir_sep (path[i]) && i > 0)
        i--;

      while (! file_ops::is_dir_sep (path[i]) && i > 0)
        i--;

      i++;
    }

  path.resize (i);
}

void
octave_env::error (int err_num) const
{
  (*current_liboctave_error_handler) ("%s", gnulib::strerror (err_num));
}

void
octave_env::error (const std::string& s) const
{
  (*current_liboctave_error_handler) ("%s", s.c_str ());
}