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// %NO_EDIT_WARNING%
/*

Copyright (C) 2012-2018 John W. Eaton

This file is part of Octave.

Octave is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

Octave is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Octave; see the file COPYING.  If not, see
<https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

*/

// NOTE: This program is supposed to be a small wrapper that exists
// primarily to give up the controlling TTY and then exec Octave with
// its GUI.  It may also execute Octave without the GUI or the command
// line version of Octave that is not linked with GUI libraries.  So
// that it remains small, it should NOT depend on or be linked with
// liboctave or libinterp.

#if defined (HAVE_CONFIG_H)
#  include "config.h"
#endif

#include <cstdlib>
#include <cstring>

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

#include "fcntl-wrappers.h"
#include "signal-wrappers.h"
#include "unistd-wrappers.h"
#include "wait-wrappers.h"

#if ! defined (OCTAVE_VERSION)
#  define OCTAVE_VERSION %OCTAVE_VERSION%
#endif

#if ! defined (OCTAVE_ARCHLIBDIR)
#  define OCTAVE_ARCHLIBDIR %OCTAVE_ARCHLIBDIR%
#endif

#if ! defined (OCTAVE_BINDIR)
#  define OCTAVE_BINDIR %OCTAVE_BINDIR%
#endif

#if ! defined (OCTAVE_PREFIX)
#  define OCTAVE_PREFIX %OCTAVE_PREFIX%
#endif

#if ! defined (OCTAVE_EXEC_PREFIX)
#  define OCTAVE_EXEC_PREFIX %OCTAVE_EXEC_PREFIX%
#endif

#include "display-available.h"
#include "shared-fcns.h"

#if defined (HAVE_OCTAVE_QT_GUI) && ! defined (OCTAVE_USE_WINDOWS_API)

// Forward signals to the GUI process.

static pid_t gui_pid = 0;

static int caught_signal = -1;

static void
gui_driver_sig_handler (int sig)
{
  if (gui_pid > 0)
    caught_signal = sig;
}

static void
gui_driver_set_signal_handler (const char *signame,
                               octave_sig_handler *handler)
{
  octave_set_signal_handler_by_name (signame, handler, false);
}

static void
install_signal_handlers (void)
{
  // FIXME: do we need to handle and forward all the signals that Octave
  // handles, or is it sufficient to only forward things like SIGINT,
  // SIGBREAK, SIGABRT, SIGQUIT, and possibly a few others?

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGINT", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGBREAK", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGABRT", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGALRM", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGBUS", gui_driver_sig_handler);

  // SIGCHLD
  // SIGCLD
  // SIGCONT

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGEMT", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGFPE", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGHUP", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGILL", gui_driver_sig_handler);

  // SIGINFO
  // SIGINT

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGIOT", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGLOST", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGPIPE", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGPOLL", gui_driver_sig_handler);

  // SIGPROF
  // SIGPWR

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGQUIT", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGSEGV", gui_driver_sig_handler);

  // SIGSTOP

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGSYS", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGTERM", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGTRAP", gui_driver_sig_handler);

  // SIGTSTP
  // SIGTTIN
  // SIGTTOU
  // SIGURG

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGUSR1", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGUSR2", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGVTALRM", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGIO", gui_driver_sig_handler);

  // SIGWINCH

  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGXCPU", gui_driver_sig_handler);
  gui_driver_set_signal_handler ("SIGXFSZ", gui_driver_sig_handler);
}

#endif

static std::string
get_octave_bindir (void)
{
  // Accept value from the environment literally, but substitute
  // OCTAVE_HOME in the configuration value OCTAVE_BINDIR in case Octave
  // has been relocated to some installation directory other than the
  // one originally configured.

  std::string obd = octave_getenv ("OCTAVE_BINDIR");

  return obd.empty () ? prepend_octave_exec_home (std::string (OCTAVE_BINDIR)) : obd;
}

static std::string
get_octave_archlibdir (void)
{
  // Accept value from the environment literally, but substitute
  // OCTAVE_HOME in the configuration value OCTAVE_ARCHLIBDIR in case
  // Octave has been relocated to some installation directory other than
  // the one originally configured.

  std::string dir = octave_getenv ("OCTAVE_ARCHLIBDIR");

  return dir.empty () ? prepend_octave_exec_home (std::string (OCTAVE_ARCHLIBDIR))
                      : dir;
}

static int
octave_exec (const std::string& file, char **argv)
{
  int status = octave_execv_wrapper (file.c_str (), argv);

  std::cerr << argv[0] << ": failed to exec '" << file << "'" << std::endl;

  return status;
}

static char *
strsave (const char *s)
{
  if (! s)
    return nullptr;

  int len = strlen (s);
  char *tmp = new char [len+1];
  tmp = strcpy (tmp, s);
  return tmp;
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  int retval = 0;

  bool start_gui = false;
  bool gui_libs = true;

  set_octave_home ();

  std::string octave_bindir = get_octave_bindir ();
  std::string octave_archlibdir = get_octave_archlibdir ();
  std::string octave_cli
    = octave_bindir + dir_sep_char + "octave-cli";
  std::string octave_gui = octave_archlibdir + dir_sep_char + "octave-gui";

#if defined (HAVE_OCTAVE_QT_GUI)
  // The Octave version number is already embedded in the
  // octave_archlibdir directory name so we don't need to append it to
  // the octave-gui filename.

  std::string file = octave_gui;
#else
  std::string file = octave_cli;
#endif

  // Declaring new_argv static avoids leak warnings when using GCC's
  // --address-sanitizer option.
  static char **new_argv = new char * [argc + 1];

  int k = 1;

  bool warn_display = true;
  bool no_display = false;

  for (int i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    {
      if (! strcmp (argv[i], "--no-gui-libs"))
        {
          // Run the version of Octave that is not linked with any GUI
          // libraries.  It may not be possible to do plotting or any
          // ui* calls, but it will be a little faster to start and
          // require less memory.  Don't pass the --no-gui-libs option
          // on as that option is not recognized by Octave.

          gui_libs = false;
          file = octave_cli;
        }
      else if (! strcmp (argv[i], "--no-gui"))
        {
          // If we see this option, then we can just exec octave; we
          // don't have to create a child process and wait for it to
          // exit.  But do exec "octave-gui", not "octave-cli", because
          // even if the --no-gui option is given, we may be asked to do
          // some plotting or ui* calls.

          start_gui = false;
          new_argv[k++] = argv[i];
        }
      else if (! strcmp (argv[i], "--gui") || ! strcmp (argv[i], "--force-gui"))
        {
          // If we see this option, then we fork and exec octave with
          // the --gui option, while continuing to handle signals in the
          // terminal.

          start_gui = true;
          new_argv[k++] = argv[i];
        }
      else if (! strcmp (argv[i], "--silent") || ! strcmp (argv[i], "--quiet"))
        {
          warn_display = false;
          new_argv[k++] = argv[i];
        }
      else if (! strcmp (argv[i], "--no-window-system"))
        {
          no_display = true;
          new_argv[k++] = argv[i];
        }
      else if (strlen (argv[i]) > 1 && argv[i][0] == '-' && argv[i][1] != '-')
        {
          // Handle all single-letter command line options here; they may
          // occur alone or may be aggregated into a single argument.

          size_t len = strlen (argv[i]);

          for (size_t j = 1; j < len; j++)
            switch (argv[i][j])
              {
                case 'W':
                  no_display = true;
                  break;
                case 'q':
                  warn_display = false;
                  break;
                default:
                  break;
              }

          new_argv[k++] = argv[i];
        }
      else
        new_argv[k++] = argv[i];
    }

  // At this point, gui_libs and start_gui are just about options, not
  // the environment.  Exit if they don't make sense.

  if (start_gui)
    {
      if (! gui_libs)
        {
          std::cerr << "octave: conflicting options: --no-gui-libs and --gui"
                    << std::endl;
          return 1;
        }

#if ! defined (HAVE_OCTAVE_QT_GUI)
      std::cerr << "octave: GUI features missing or disabled in this build"
                << std::endl;
      return 1;
#endif
    }

  new_argv[k] = nullptr;

  if (no_display)
    {
      start_gui = false;
      gui_libs = false;

      file = octave_cli;
    }
  else if (gui_libs || start_gui)
    {
      int dpy_avail;

      const char *display_check_err_msg = display_available (&dpy_avail);

      if (! dpy_avail)
        {
          start_gui = false;
          gui_libs = false;

          file = octave_cli;

          if (warn_display)
            {
              if (! display_check_err_msg)
                display_check_err_msg = "graphical display unavailable";

              std::cerr << "octave: " << display_check_err_msg << std::endl;
              std::cerr << "octave: disabling GUI features" << std::endl;
            }
        }
    }

#if defined (OCTAVE_USE_WINDOWS_API)
  file += ".exe";
#endif

  new_argv[0] = strsave (file.c_str ());

  // The Octave interpreter may be multithreaded.  If so, we attempt to
  // ensure that signals are delivered to the main interpreter thread
  // and no others by blocking signals before we exec the Octave
  // interpreter executable.  When that process starts, it will unblock
  // signals in the main interpreter thread.  When running the GUI as a
  // subprocess, we also unblock signals that the parent process handles
  // so we can forward them to the child.

  octave_block_async_signals ();

#if defined (HAVE_OCTAVE_QT_GUI) && ! defined (OCTAVE_USE_WINDOWS_API)

  if (gui_libs && start_gui)
    {
      // Fork and exec when starting the GUI so that we will call
      // setsid to give up the controlling terminal (if any) and so that
      // the GUI process will be in a separate process group.
      //
      // The GUI process must be in a separate process group so that we
      // can send an interrupt signal to all child processes when
      // interrupting the interpreter.  See also bug #49609 and the
      // function pthread_thread_manager::interrupt in the file
      // libgui/src/thread-manager.cc.

      gui_pid = octave_fork_wrapper ();

      if (gui_pid < 0)
        {
          std::cerr << "octave: fork failed!" << std::endl;

          retval = 1;
        }
      else if (gui_pid == 0)
        {
          // Child.

          if (octave_setsid_wrapper () < 0)
            {
              std::cerr << "octave: error calling setsid!" << std::endl;

              retval = 1;
            }
          else
            retval = octave_exec (file, new_argv);
        }
      else
        {
          // Parent.  Forward signals to child while waiting for it to exit.

          install_signal_handlers ();

          octave_unblock_async_signals ();

          int status;

          while (true)
            {
              octave_waitpid_wrapper (gui_pid, &status, 0);

              if (caught_signal > 0)
                {
                  int sig = caught_signal;

                  caught_signal = -1;

                  octave_kill_wrapper (gui_pid, sig);
                }
              else if (octave_wifexited_wrapper (status))
                {
                  retval = octave_wexitstatus_wrapper (status);
                  break;
                }
              else if (octave_wifsignaled_wrapper (status))
                {
                  std::cerr << "octave exited with signal "
                            << octave_wtermsig_wrapper (status) << std::endl;
                  break;
                }
            }
        }
    }
  else
    {
      retval = octave_exec (file, new_argv);

      if (retval < 0)
        std::cerr << argv[0] << ": " << std::strerror (errno) << std::endl;
    }

#else

  retval = octave_exec (file, new_argv);

  if (retval < 0)
    std::cerr << argv[0] << ": " << std::strerror (errno) << std::endl;

#endif

  return retval;
}