File: INSTALL

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1. Prerequisites
----------------

You will need an entropy (randomness) source.  If your OS has a /dev/random
/dev/urandom or /dev/arandom then that is ideal.

If you do not have a real random device, Lutz Jaenicke's PRNGd is recommended.
http://www.aet.tu-cottbus.de/personen/jaenicke/postfix_tls/prngd.html

Alternatively, EGD should also work (currently untested):
http://www.lothar.com/tech/crypto/

If you are not using the builtin arc4random code (see
--with-builtin-arc4random below) then OpenSSL 0.9.6 or greater is required:
http://www.openssl.org/


2. Building / Installation
--------------------------

To install OpenNTPD with default options:

./configure
make
make install

This will install the OpenNTPD binary in /usr/local/sbin, configuration
files in /usr/local/etc. To specify a different installation prefix,
use the --prefix option to configure:

./configure --prefix=/opt
make
make install

Will install OpenNTPD in /opt/{etc,sbin}. You can also override
specific paths, for example:

./configure --prefix=/opt --sysconfdir=/etc/ntp
make
make install

This will install the binaries in /opt/sbin, but will place the
configuration files in /etc/ntp.

OpenNTPD always uses Privilege Separation (ie the majority of the
processing is done as a chroot'ed, unprivileged user).

This requires that a user, group and directory to be created for it.
The user should not be permitted to log in, and its home directory
should be owned by root and be mode 755.

If you do "make install", the Makefile will create the directory with
the correct permissions and will prompt you for the rest if required.
If, however, you need to perform all of these tasks yourself (eg if you
are moving the built binaries to another system) then you will need to
do something like the following (although the exact commands required
for creating the user and group are system dependant):

# groupadd _ntp
# useradd -g _ntp -s /sbin/nologin -d /var/empty/ntp -c 'OpenNTP daemon' _ntp
# mkdir -p /var/empty/ntp
# chown 0 /var/empty/ntp
# chgrp 0 /var/empty/ntp
# chmod 0755 /var/empty/ntp

There are a few options to the configure script in addition to the ones
provided by autoconf itself:

--with-privsep-user=[user]
	Specify unprivileged user used for privilege separation.  The default
	is "_ntp".

--with-privsep-path=path
	Normally ntpd will always use the home directory of the privsep user
	to chroot to, however use of this option will cause ntpd to always
	use the specified directory.

--with-mantype=man|cat|doc
	Set man page type.  The default is for configure to automatically
	detect the supported format.

--with-builtin-arc4random
	Use builtin arc4random rather than OpenSSL's.  By default, OpenSSL
	will be used if found.

--with-ssl-dir=PATH
	Specify path to OpenSSL installation to use if not using the
	system's default or the builtin arc4random support.


If you need to pass special options to the compiler or linker, you
can specify these as environment variables before running ./configure.
For example:

CFLAGS="-O -m486" LDFLAGS="-s" LIBS="-lrubbish" LD="/usr/foo/ld" ./configure


3. Configuration
----------------

The runtime configuration files are installed by in ${prefix}/etc or
whatever you specified as your --sysconfdir (/usr/local/etc by default).

If no configuration file exists, the default one is used.  The default
configuration file uses a selection of publicly accessible "pool" servers
(see http://twiki.ntp.org/bin/view/Servers/NTPPoolServers).


4. Problems?
------------

If you experience problems compiling, installing or running OpenNTPD,
please report the problem to the address in the README file.


$Id: INSTALL,v 1.6 2006/01/19 06:41:50 dtucker Exp $