File: ntpd.8

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.\" $OpenBSD: ntpd.8,v 1.14 2005/06/21 19:55:18 deraadt Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2003, 2004 Henning Brauer <henning@openbsd.org>
.\"
.\" Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
.\" purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
.\" copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
.\"
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
.\" WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
.\" MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
.\" ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
.\" WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF MIND, USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN
.\" AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
.\" OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
.\"
.Dd July 9, 2004
.Dt NTPD 8
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm ntpd
.Nd "Network Time Protocol daemon"
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm ntpd
.Bk -words
.Op Fl dSs
.Op Fl f Ar file
.Ek
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
daemon synchronizes the local clock to one or more remote NTP servers,
and can also act as an NTP server itself,
redistributing the local time.
It implements the Simple Network Time Protocol version 4,
as described in RFC 2030,
and the Network Time Protocol version 3,
as described in RFC 1305.
.Pp
.Nm
uses the
.Xr adjtime 2
system call to correct the local system time without causing time jumps.
Adjustments larger than 128ms are logged using
.Xr syslog 3 .
The threshold value is chosen to avoid having local clock drift
thrash the log files.
Should
.Nm
be started with the
.Fl d
option, all calls to
.Xr adjtime 2
will be logged.
.Pp
When
.Nm
starts up, it reads settings from a configuration file,
typically
.Xr ntpd.conf 5 .
.Pp
The options are as follows:
.Bl -tag -width "-f fileXXX"
.It Fl d
Do not daemonize.
If this option is specified,
.Nm
will run in the foreground and log to
.Em stderr .
.It Fl f Ar file
Use
.Ar file
as the configuration file,
instead of the default
.Pa /etc/ntpd.conf .
.It Fl S
Do not set the time immediately at startup.
This is the default.
.It Fl s
Set the time immediately at startup if the local clock is off by more
than 180 seconds.
Allows for a large time correction,
eliminating the need to run
.Xr rdate 8
before starting
.Nm .
.El
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width "/etc/ntpd.confXXX" -compact
.It Pa /etc/ntpd.conf
default
.Nm
configuration file
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr date 1 ,
.Xr adjtime 2 ,
.Xr ntpd.conf 5 ,
.Xr rdate 8 ,
.Xr timed 8
.Rs
.%R RFC 1305
.%T "Network Time Protocol (Version 3)"
.%D March 1992
.Re
.Rs
.%R RFC 2030
.%T "Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Version 4"
.%D October 1996
.Re
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
program first appeared in
.Ox 3.6 .