File: auth-options.c

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/* $OpenBSD: auth-options.c,v 1.62 2013/12/19 00:27:57 djm Exp $ */
/*
 * Author: Tatu Ylonen <ylo@cs.hut.fi>
 * Copyright (c) 1995 Tatu Ylonen <ylo@cs.hut.fi>, Espoo, Finland
 *                    All rights reserved
 * As far as I am concerned, the code I have written for this software
 * can be used freely for any purpose.  Any derived versions of this
 * software must be clearly marked as such, and if the derived work is
 * incompatible with the protocol description in the RFC file, it must be
 * called by a name other than "ssh" or "Secure Shell".
 */

#include "includes.h"

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <netdb.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

#include "openbsd-compat/sys-queue.h"
#include "xmalloc.h"
#include "match.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "canohost.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include "channels.h"
#include "servconf.h"
#include "misc.h"
#include "key.h"
#include "auth-options.h"
#include "hostfile.h"
#include "auth.h"

/* Flags set authorized_keys flags */
int no_port_forwarding_flag = 0;
int no_agent_forwarding_flag = 0;
int no_x11_forwarding_flag = 0;
int no_pty_flag = 0;
int no_user_rc = 0;
int key_is_cert_authority = 0;

/* "command=" option. */
char *forced_command = NULL;

/* "environment=" options. */
struct envstring *custom_environment = NULL;

/* "tunnel=" option. */
int forced_tun_device = -1;

/* "principals=" option. */
char *authorized_principals = NULL;

/* Throttle log messages. */
int logged_from_hostip = 0;
int logged_cert_hostip = 0;

extern ServerOptions options;

void
auth_start_parse_options(void)
{
	logged_from_hostip = 0;
	logged_cert_hostip = 0;
}

void
auth_clear_options(void)
{
	no_agent_forwarding_flag = 0;
	no_port_forwarding_flag = 0;
	no_pty_flag = 0;
	no_x11_forwarding_flag = 0;
	no_user_rc = 0;
	key_is_cert_authority = 0;
	while (custom_environment) {
		struct envstring *ce = custom_environment;
		custom_environment = ce->next;
		free(ce->s);
		free(ce);
	}
	if (forced_command) {
		free(forced_command);
		forced_command = NULL;
	}
	if (authorized_principals) {
		free(authorized_principals);
		authorized_principals = NULL;
	}
	forced_tun_device = -1;
	channel_clear_permitted_opens();
}

/*
 * return 1 if access is granted, 0 if not.
 * side effect: sets key option flags
 */
int
auth_parse_options(struct passwd *pw, char *opts, char *file, u_long linenum)
{
	const char *cp;
	int i;

	/* reset options */
	auth_clear_options();

	if (!opts)
		return 1;

	while (*opts && *opts != ' ' && *opts != '\t') {
		cp = "cert-authority";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			key_is_cert_authority = 1;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "no-port-forwarding";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			auth_debug_add("Port forwarding disabled.");
			no_port_forwarding_flag = 1;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "no-agent-forwarding";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			auth_debug_add("Agent forwarding disabled.");
			no_agent_forwarding_flag = 1;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "no-X11-forwarding";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			auth_debug_add("X11 forwarding disabled.");
			no_x11_forwarding_flag = 1;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "no-pty";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			auth_debug_add("Pty allocation disabled.");
			no_pty_flag = 1;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "no-user-rc";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			auth_debug_add("User rc file execution disabled.");
			no_user_rc = 1;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "command=\"";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			opts += strlen(cp);
			if (forced_command != NULL)
				free(forced_command);
			forced_command = xmalloc(strlen(opts) + 1);
			i = 0;
			while (*opts) {
				if (*opts == '"')
					break;
				if (*opts == '\\' && opts[1] == '"') {
					opts += 2;
					forced_command[i++] = '"';
					continue;
				}
				forced_command[i++] = *opts++;
			}
			if (!*opts) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				free(forced_command);
				forced_command = NULL;
				goto bad_option;
			}
			forced_command[i] = '\0';
			auth_debug_add("Forced command.");
			opts++;
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "principals=\"";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			opts += strlen(cp);
			if (authorized_principals != NULL)
				free(authorized_principals);
			authorized_principals = xmalloc(strlen(opts) + 1);
			i = 0;
			while (*opts) {
				if (*opts == '"')
					break;
				if (*opts == '\\' && opts[1] == '"') {
					opts += 2;
					authorized_principals[i++] = '"';
					continue;
				}
				authorized_principals[i++] = *opts++;
			}
			if (!*opts) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				free(authorized_principals);
				authorized_principals = NULL;
				goto bad_option;
			}
			authorized_principals[i] = '\0';
			auth_debug_add("principals: %.900s",
			    authorized_principals);
			opts++;
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "environment=\"";
		if (options.permit_user_env &&
		    strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			char *s;
			struct envstring *new_envstring;

			opts += strlen(cp);
			s = xmalloc(strlen(opts) + 1);
			i = 0;
			while (*opts) {
				if (*opts == '"')
					break;
				if (*opts == '\\' && opts[1] == '"') {
					opts += 2;
					s[i++] = '"';
					continue;
				}
				s[i++] = *opts++;
			}
			if (!*opts) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				free(s);
				goto bad_option;
			}
			s[i] = '\0';
			auth_debug_add("Adding to environment: %.900s", s);
			debug("Adding to environment: %.900s", s);
			opts++;
			new_envstring = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct envstring));
			new_envstring->s = s;
			new_envstring->next = custom_environment;
			custom_environment = new_envstring;
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "from=\"";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			const char *remote_ip = get_remote_ipaddr();
			const char *remote_host = get_canonical_hostname(
			    options.use_dns);
			char *patterns = xmalloc(strlen(opts) + 1);

			opts += strlen(cp);
			i = 0;
			while (*opts) {
				if (*opts == '"')
					break;
				if (*opts == '\\' && opts[1] == '"') {
					opts += 2;
					patterns[i++] = '"';
					continue;
				}
				patterns[i++] = *opts++;
			}
			if (!*opts) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				free(patterns);
				goto bad_option;
			}
			patterns[i] = '\0';
			opts++;
			switch (match_host_and_ip(remote_host, remote_ip,
			    patterns)) {
			case 1:
				free(patterns);
				/* Host name matches. */
				goto next_option;
			case -1:
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: invalid criteria",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: "
				    "invalid criteria", file, linenum);
				/* FALLTHROUGH */
			case 0:
				free(patterns);
				if (!logged_from_hostip) {
					logit("Authentication tried for %.100s with "
					    "correct key but not from a permitted "
					    "host (host=%.200s, ip=%.200s).",
					    pw->pw_name, remote_host, remote_ip);
					logged_from_hostip = 1;
				}
				auth_debug_add("Your host '%.200s' is not "
				    "permitted to use this key for login.",
				    remote_host);
				break;
			}
			/* deny access */
			return 0;
		}
		cp = "permitopen=\"";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			char *host, *p;
			int port;
			char *patterns = xmalloc(strlen(opts) + 1);

			opts += strlen(cp);
			i = 0;
			while (*opts) {
				if (*opts == '"')
					break;
				if (*opts == '\\' && opts[1] == '"') {
					opts += 2;
					patterns[i++] = '"';
					continue;
				}
				patterns[i++] = *opts++;
			}
			if (!*opts) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: missing "
				    "end quote", file, linenum);
				free(patterns);
				goto bad_option;
			}
			patterns[i] = '\0';
			opts++;
			p = patterns;
			host = hpdelim(&p);
			if (host == NULL || strlen(host) >= NI_MAXHOST) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: Bad permitopen "
				    "specification <%.100s>", file, linenum,
				    patterns);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: "
				    "Bad permitopen specification", file,
				    linenum);
				free(patterns);
				goto bad_option;
			}
			host = cleanhostname(host);
			if (p == NULL || (port = permitopen_port(p)) < 0) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: Bad permitopen port "
				    "<%.100s>", file, linenum, p ? p : "");
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: "
				    "Bad permitopen port", file, linenum);
				free(patterns);
				goto bad_option;
			}
			if ((options.allow_tcp_forwarding & FORWARD_LOCAL) != 0)
				channel_add_permitted_opens(host, port);
			free(patterns);
			goto next_option;
		}
		cp = "tunnel=\"";
		if (strncasecmp(opts, cp, strlen(cp)) == 0) {
			char *tun = NULL;
			opts += strlen(cp);
			tun = xmalloc(strlen(opts) + 1);
			i = 0;
			while (*opts) {
				if (*opts == '"')
					break;
				tun[i++] = *opts++;
			}
			if (!*opts) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: missing end quote",
				    file, linenum);
				free(tun);
				forced_tun_device = -1;
				goto bad_option;
			}
			tun[i] = '\0';
			forced_tun_device = a2tun(tun, NULL);
			free(tun);
			if (forced_tun_device == SSH_TUNID_ERR) {
				debug("%.100s, line %lu: invalid tun device",
				    file, linenum);
				auth_debug_add("%.100s, line %lu: invalid tun device",
				    file, linenum);
				forced_tun_device = -1;
				goto bad_option;
			}
			auth_debug_add("Forced tun device: %d", forced_tun_device);
			opts++;
			goto next_option;
		}
next_option:
		/*
		 * Skip the comma, and move to the next option
		 * (or break out if there are no more).
		 */
		if (!*opts)
			fatal("Bugs in auth-options.c option processing.");
		if (*opts == ' ' || *opts == '\t')
			break;		/* End of options. */
		if (*opts != ',')
			goto bad_option;
		opts++;
		/* Process the next option. */
	}

	/* grant access */
	return 1;

bad_option:
	logit("Bad options in %.100s file, line %lu: %.50s",
	    file, linenum, opts);
	auth_debug_add("Bad options in %.100s file, line %lu: %.50s",
	    file, linenum, opts);

	/* deny access */
	return 0;
}

#define OPTIONS_CRITICAL	1
#define OPTIONS_EXTENSIONS	2
static int
parse_option_list(u_char *optblob, size_t optblob_len, struct passwd *pw,
    u_int which, int crit,
    int *cert_no_port_forwarding_flag,
    int *cert_no_agent_forwarding_flag,
    int *cert_no_x11_forwarding_flag,
    int *cert_no_pty_flag,
    int *cert_no_user_rc,
    char **cert_forced_command,
    int *cert_source_address_done)
{
	char *command, *allowed;
	const char *remote_ip;
	char *name = NULL;
	u_char *data_blob = NULL;
	u_int nlen, dlen, clen;
	Buffer c, data;
	int ret = -1, result, found;

	buffer_init(&data);

	/* Make copy to avoid altering original */
	buffer_init(&c);
	buffer_append(&c, optblob, optblob_len);

	while (buffer_len(&c) > 0) {
		if ((name = buffer_get_cstring_ret(&c, &nlen)) == NULL ||
		    (data_blob = buffer_get_string_ret(&c, &dlen)) == NULL) {
			error("Certificate options corrupt");
			goto out;
		}
		buffer_append(&data, data_blob, dlen);
		debug3("found certificate option \"%.100s\" len %u",
		    name, dlen);
		found = 0;
		if ((which & OPTIONS_EXTENSIONS) != 0) {
			if (strcmp(name, "permit-X11-forwarding") == 0) {
				*cert_no_x11_forwarding_flag = 0;
				found = 1;
			} else if (strcmp(name,
			    "permit-agent-forwarding") == 0) {
				*cert_no_agent_forwarding_flag = 0;
				found = 1;
			} else if (strcmp(name,
			    "permit-port-forwarding") == 0) {
				*cert_no_port_forwarding_flag = 0;
				found = 1;
			} else if (strcmp(name, "permit-pty") == 0) {
				*cert_no_pty_flag = 0;
				found = 1;
			} else if (strcmp(name, "permit-user-rc") == 0) {
				*cert_no_user_rc = 0;
				found = 1;
			}
		}
		if (!found && (which & OPTIONS_CRITICAL) != 0) {
			if (strcmp(name, "force-command") == 0) {
				if ((command = buffer_get_cstring_ret(&data,
				    &clen)) == NULL) {
					error("Certificate constraint \"%s\" "
					    "corrupt", name);
					goto out;
				}
				if (*cert_forced_command != NULL) {
					error("Certificate has multiple "
					    "force-command options");
					free(command);
					goto out;
				}
				*cert_forced_command = command;
				found = 1;
			}
			if (strcmp(name, "source-address") == 0) {
				if ((allowed = buffer_get_cstring_ret(&data,
				    &clen)) == NULL) {
					error("Certificate constraint "
					    "\"%s\" corrupt", name);
					goto out;
				}
				if ((*cert_source_address_done)++) {
					error("Certificate has multiple "
					    "source-address options");
					free(allowed);
					goto out;
				}
				remote_ip = get_remote_ipaddr();
				result = addr_match_cidr_list(remote_ip,
				    allowed);
				free(allowed);
				switch (result) {
				case 1:
					/* accepted */
					break;
				case 0:
					/* no match */
					if (!logged_cert_hostip) {
						logit("Authentication tried for %.100s "
						    "with valid certificate but not "
						    "from a permitted host "
						    "(ip=%.200s).", pw->pw_name,
						    remote_ip);
						logged_cert_hostip = 1;
					}
					auth_debug_add("Your address '%.200s' "
					    "is not permitted to use this "
					    "certificate for login.",
					    remote_ip);
					goto out;
				case -1:
				default:
					error("Certificate source-address "
					    "contents invalid");
					goto out;
				}
				found = 1;
			}
		}

		if (!found) {
			if (crit) {
				error("Certificate critical option \"%s\" "
				    "is not supported", name);
				goto out;
			} else {
				logit("Certificate extension \"%s\" "
				    "is not supported", name);
			}
		} else if (buffer_len(&data) != 0) {
			error("Certificate option \"%s\" corrupt "
			    "(extra data)", name);
			goto out;
		}
		buffer_clear(&data);
		free(name);
		free(data_blob);
		name = NULL;
		data_blob = NULL;
	}
	/* successfully parsed all options */
	ret = 0;

 out:
	if (ret != 0 &&
	    cert_forced_command != NULL &&
	    *cert_forced_command != NULL) {
		free(*cert_forced_command);
		*cert_forced_command = NULL;
	}
	if (name != NULL)
		free(name);
	if (data_blob != NULL)
		free(data_blob);
	buffer_free(&data);
	buffer_free(&c);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Set options from critical certificate options. These supersede user key
 * options so this must be called after auth_parse_options().
 */
int
auth_cert_options(Key *k, struct passwd *pw)
{
	int cert_no_port_forwarding_flag = 1;
	int cert_no_agent_forwarding_flag = 1;
	int cert_no_x11_forwarding_flag = 1;
	int cert_no_pty_flag = 1;
	int cert_no_user_rc = 1;
	char *cert_forced_command = NULL;
	int cert_source_address_done = 0;

	if (key_cert_is_legacy(k)) {
		/* All options are in the one field for v00 certs */
		if (parse_option_list(buffer_ptr(&k->cert->critical),
		    buffer_len(&k->cert->critical), pw,
		    OPTIONS_CRITICAL|OPTIONS_EXTENSIONS, 1,
		    &cert_no_port_forwarding_flag,
		    &cert_no_agent_forwarding_flag,
		    &cert_no_x11_forwarding_flag,
		    &cert_no_pty_flag,
		    &cert_no_user_rc,
		    &cert_forced_command,
		    &cert_source_address_done) == -1)
			return -1;
	} else {
		/* Separate options and extensions for v01 certs */
		if (parse_option_list(buffer_ptr(&k->cert->critical),
		    buffer_len(&k->cert->critical), pw,
		    OPTIONS_CRITICAL, 1, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
		    &cert_forced_command,
		    &cert_source_address_done) == -1)
			return -1;
		if (parse_option_list(buffer_ptr(&k->cert->extensions),
		    buffer_len(&k->cert->extensions), pw,
		    OPTIONS_EXTENSIONS, 1,
		    &cert_no_port_forwarding_flag,
		    &cert_no_agent_forwarding_flag,
		    &cert_no_x11_forwarding_flag,
		    &cert_no_pty_flag,
		    &cert_no_user_rc,
		    NULL, NULL) == -1)
			return -1;
	}

	no_port_forwarding_flag |= cert_no_port_forwarding_flag;
	no_agent_forwarding_flag |= cert_no_agent_forwarding_flag;
	no_x11_forwarding_flag |= cert_no_x11_forwarding_flag;
	no_pty_flag |= cert_no_pty_flag;
	no_user_rc |= cert_no_user_rc;
	/* CA-specified forced command supersedes key option */
	if (cert_forced_command != NULL) {
		if (forced_command != NULL)
			free(forced_command);
		forced_command = cert_forced_command;
	}
	return 0;
}