File: log.c

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/* $OpenBSD: log.c,v 1.51 2018/07/27 12:03:17 markus Exp $ */
/*
 * Author: Tatu Ylonen <ylo@cs.hut.fi>
 * Copyright (c) 1995 Tatu Ylonen <ylo@cs.hut.fi>, Espoo, Finland
 *                    All rights reserved
 *
 * As far as I am concerned, the code I have written for this software
 * can be used freely for any purpose.  Any derived versions of this
 * software must be clearly marked as such, and if the derived work is
 * incompatible with the protocol description in the RFC file, it must be
 * called by a name other than "ssh" or "Secure Shell".
 */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000 Markus Friedl.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "includes.h"

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#if defined(HAVE_STRNVIS) && defined(HAVE_VIS_H) && !defined(BROKEN_STRNVIS)
# include <vis.h>
#endif

#include "log.h"

static LogLevel log_level = SYSLOG_LEVEL_INFO;
static int log_on_stderr = 1;
static int log_stderr_fd = STDERR_FILENO;
static int log_facility = LOG_AUTH;
static char *argv0;
static log_handler_fn *log_handler;
static void *log_handler_ctx;

extern char *__progname;

#define LOG_SYSLOG_VIS	(VIS_CSTYLE|VIS_NL|VIS_TAB|VIS_OCTAL)
#define LOG_STDERR_VIS	(VIS_SAFE|VIS_OCTAL)

/* textual representation of log-facilities/levels */

static struct {
	const char *name;
	SyslogFacility val;
} log_facilities[] = {
	{ "DAEMON",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_DAEMON },
	{ "USER",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_USER },
	{ "AUTH",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_AUTH },
#ifdef LOG_AUTHPRIV
	{ "AUTHPRIV",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_AUTHPRIV },
#endif
	{ "LOCAL0",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL0 },
	{ "LOCAL1",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL1 },
	{ "LOCAL2",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL2 },
	{ "LOCAL3",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL3 },
	{ "LOCAL4",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL4 },
	{ "LOCAL5",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL5 },
	{ "LOCAL6",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL6 },
	{ "LOCAL7",	SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL7 },
	{ NULL,		SYSLOG_FACILITY_NOT_SET }
};

static struct {
	const char *name;
	LogLevel val;
} log_levels[] =
{
	{ "SILENT",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_QUIET }, /* compatibility */
	{ "QUIET",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_QUIET },
	{ "FATAL",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_FATAL },
	{ "ERROR",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_ERROR },
	{ "INFO",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_INFO },
	{ "VERBOSE",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_VERBOSE },
	{ "DEBUG",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG1 },
	{ "DEBUG1",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG1 },
	{ "DEBUG2",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG2 },
	{ "DEBUG3",	SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG3 },
	{ NULL,		SYSLOG_LEVEL_NOT_SET }
};

LogLevel
log_level_get(void)
{
	return log_level;
}

SyslogFacility
log_facility_number(char *name)
{
	int i;

	if (name != NULL)
		for (i = 0; log_facilities[i].name; i++)
			if (strcasecmp(log_facilities[i].name, name) == 0)
				return log_facilities[i].val;
	return SYSLOG_FACILITY_NOT_SET;
}

const char *
log_facility_name(SyslogFacility facility)
{
	u_int i;

	for (i = 0;  log_facilities[i].name; i++)
		if (log_facilities[i].val == facility)
			return log_facilities[i].name;
	return NULL;
}

LogLevel
log_level_number(char *name)
{
	int i;

	if (name != NULL)
		for (i = 0; log_levels[i].name; i++)
			if (strcasecmp(log_levels[i].name, name) == 0)
				return log_levels[i].val;
	return SYSLOG_LEVEL_NOT_SET;
}

const char *
log_level_name(LogLevel level)
{
	u_int i;

	for (i = 0; log_levels[i].name != NULL; i++)
		if (log_levels[i].val == level)
			return log_levels[i].name;
	return NULL;
}

/* Error messages that should be logged. */

void
error(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_ERROR, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

void
sigdie(const char *fmt,...)
{
#ifdef DO_LOG_SAFE_IN_SIGHAND
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_FATAL, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
#endif
	_exit(1);
}

void
logdie(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_INFO, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
	cleanup_exit(255);
}

/* Log this message (information that usually should go to the log). */

void
logit(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_INFO, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

/* More detailed messages (information that does not need to go to the log). */

void
verbose(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_VERBOSE, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

/* Debugging messages that should not be logged during normal operation. */

void
debug(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG1, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

void
debug2(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG2, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

void
debug3(const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG3, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

/*
 * Initialize the log.
 */

void
log_init(char *av0, LogLevel level, SyslogFacility facility, int on_stderr)
{
#if defined(HAVE_OPENLOG_R) && defined(SYSLOG_DATA_INIT)
	struct syslog_data sdata = SYSLOG_DATA_INIT;
#endif

	argv0 = av0;

	if (log_change_level(level) != 0) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unrecognized internal syslog level code %d\n",
		    (int) level);
		exit(1);
	}

	log_handler = NULL;
	log_handler_ctx = NULL;

	log_on_stderr = on_stderr;
	if (on_stderr)
		return;

	switch (facility) {
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_DAEMON:
		log_facility = LOG_DAEMON;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_USER:
		log_facility = LOG_USER;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_AUTH:
		log_facility = LOG_AUTH;
		break;
#ifdef LOG_AUTHPRIV
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_AUTHPRIV:
		log_facility = LOG_AUTHPRIV;
		break;
#endif
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL0:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL1:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL1;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL2:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL2;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL3:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL3;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL4:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL4;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL5:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL5;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL6:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL6;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_FACILITY_LOCAL7:
		log_facility = LOG_LOCAL7;
		break;
	default:
		fprintf(stderr,
		    "Unrecognized internal syslog facility code %d\n",
		    (int) facility);
		exit(1);
	}

	/*
	 * If an external library (eg libwrap) attempts to use syslog
	 * immediately after reexec, syslog may be pointing to the wrong
	 * facility, so we force an open/close of syslog here.
	 */
#if defined(HAVE_OPENLOG_R) && defined(SYSLOG_DATA_INIT)
	openlog_r(argv0 ? argv0 : __progname, LOG_PID, log_facility, &sdata);
	closelog_r(&sdata);
#else
	openlog(argv0 ? argv0 : __progname, LOG_PID, log_facility);
	closelog();
#endif
}

int
log_change_level(LogLevel new_log_level)
{
	/* no-op if log_init has not been called */
	if (argv0 == NULL)
		return 0;

	switch (new_log_level) {
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_QUIET:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_FATAL:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_ERROR:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_INFO:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_VERBOSE:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG1:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG2:
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG3:
		log_level = new_log_level;
		return 0;
	default:
		return -1;
	}
}

int
log_is_on_stderr(void)
{
	return log_on_stderr && log_stderr_fd == STDERR_FILENO;
}

/* redirect what would usually get written to stderr to specified file */
void
log_redirect_stderr_to(const char *logfile)
{
	int fd;

	if ((fd = open(logfile, O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_APPEND, 0600)) == -1) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't open logfile %s: %s\n", logfile,
		     strerror(errno));
		exit(1);
	}
	log_stderr_fd = fd;
}

#define MSGBUFSIZ 1024

void
set_log_handler(log_handler_fn *handler, void *ctx)
{
	log_handler = handler;
	log_handler_ctx = ctx;
}

void
do_log2(LogLevel level, const char *fmt,...)
{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	do_log(level, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
}

void
do_log(LogLevel level, const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
#if defined(HAVE_OPENLOG_R) && defined(SYSLOG_DATA_INIT)
	struct syslog_data sdata = SYSLOG_DATA_INIT;
#endif
	char msgbuf[MSGBUFSIZ];
	char fmtbuf[MSGBUFSIZ];
	char *txt = NULL;
	int pri = LOG_INFO;
	int saved_errno = errno;
	log_handler_fn *tmp_handler;

	if (level > log_level)
		return;

	switch (level) {
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_FATAL:
		if (!log_on_stderr)
			txt = "fatal";
		pri = LOG_CRIT;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_ERROR:
		if (!log_on_stderr)
			txt = "error";
		pri = LOG_ERR;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_INFO:
		pri = LOG_INFO;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_VERBOSE:
		pri = LOG_INFO;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG1:
		txt = "debug1";
		pri = LOG_DEBUG;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG2:
		txt = "debug2";
		pri = LOG_DEBUG;
		break;
	case SYSLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG3:
		txt = "debug3";
		pri = LOG_DEBUG;
		break;
	default:
		txt = "internal error";
		pri = LOG_ERR;
		break;
	}
	if (txt != NULL && log_handler == NULL) {
		snprintf(fmtbuf, sizeof(fmtbuf), "%s: %s", txt, fmt);
		vsnprintf(msgbuf, sizeof(msgbuf), fmtbuf, args);
	} else {
		vsnprintf(msgbuf, sizeof(msgbuf), fmt, args);
	}
	strnvis(fmtbuf, msgbuf, sizeof(fmtbuf),
	    log_on_stderr ? LOG_STDERR_VIS : LOG_SYSLOG_VIS);
	if (log_handler != NULL) {
		/* Avoid recursion */
		tmp_handler = log_handler;
		log_handler = NULL;
		tmp_handler(level, fmtbuf, log_handler_ctx);
		log_handler = tmp_handler;
	} else if (log_on_stderr) {
		snprintf(msgbuf, sizeof msgbuf, "%.*s\r\n",
		    (int)sizeof msgbuf - 3, fmtbuf);
		(void)write(log_stderr_fd, msgbuf, strlen(msgbuf));
	} else {
#if defined(HAVE_OPENLOG_R) && defined(SYSLOG_DATA_INIT)
		openlog_r(argv0 ? argv0 : __progname, LOG_PID, log_facility, &sdata);
		syslog_r(pri, &sdata, "%.500s", fmtbuf);
		closelog_r(&sdata);
#else
		openlog(argv0 ? argv0 : __progname, LOG_PID, log_facility);
		syslog(pri, "%.500s", fmtbuf);
		closelog();
#endif
	}
	errno = saved_errno;
}