File: NOTES.ANDROID

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 NOTES FOR ANDROID PLATFORMS
 ===========================

 Requirement details
 -------------------

 Beside basic tools like perl and make you'll need to download the Android
 NDK. It's available for Linux, Mac OS X and Windows, but only Linux
 version was actually tested. There is no reason to believe that Mac OS X
 wouldn't work. And as for Windows, it's unclear which "shell" would be
 suitable, MSYS2 might have best chances. NDK version should play lesser
 role, the goal is to support a range of most recent versions.

 Configuration
 -------------

 Android is naturally cross-compiled target and you can't use ./config.
 You have to use ./Configure and name your target explicitly; there are
 android-arm, android-arm64, android-mips, android-mip64, android-x86
 and android-x86_64. Do not pass --cross-compile-prefix (as you might
 be tempted), as it will be "calculated" automatically based on chosen
 platform. Though you still need to know the prefix to extend your PATH,
 in order to invoke $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc and company. (Configure will fail
 and give you a hint if you get it wrong.) Apart from PATH adjustment
 you need to set ANDROID_NDK_HOME environment to point at NDK directory
 as /some/where/android-ndk-<ver>. Both variables are significant at both
 configuration and compilation times. NDK customarily supports multiple
 Android API levels, e.g. android-14, android-21, etc. By default latest
 one available is chosen. If you need to target older platform, pass
 additional -D__ANDROID_API__=N to Configure. N is numeric value of the
 target platform version. For example, to compile for ICS on ARM with
 NDK 10d:

    export ANDROID_NDK_HOME=/some/where/android-ndk-10d
    PATH=$ANDROID_NDK_HOME/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.8/prebuilt/linux-x86_64/bin:$PATH
    ./Configure android-arm -D__ANDROID_API__=14
    make

 Caveat lector! Earlier OpenSSL versions relied on additional CROSS_SYSROOT
 variable set to $ANDROID_NDK_HOME/platforms/android-<api>/arch-<arch> to
 appoint headers-n-libraries' location. It's still recognized in order
 to facilitate migration from older projects. However, since API level
 appears in CROSS_SYSROOT value, passing -D__ANDROID_API__=N can be in
 conflict, and mixing the two is therefore not supported. Migration to
 CROSS_SYSROOT-less setup is recommended.

 One can engage clang by adjusting PATH to cover same NDK's clang. Just
 keep in mind that if you miss it, Configure will try to use gcc...
 Also, PATH would need even further adjustment to cover unprefixed, yet
 target-specific, ar and ranlib. It's possible that you don't need to
 bother, if binutils-multiarch is installed on your Linux system.

 Another option is to create so called "standalone toolchain" tailored
 for single specific platform including Android API level, and assign its
 location to ANDROID_NDK_HOME. In such case you have to pass matching
 target name to Configure and shouldn't use -D__ANDROID_API__=N. PATH
 adjustment becomes simpler, $ANDROID_NDK_HOME/bin:$PATH suffices.

 Running tests (on Linux)
 ------------------------

 This is not actually supported. Notes are meant rather as inspiration.

 Even though build output targets alien system, it's possible to execute
 test suite on Linux system by employing qemu-user. The trick is static
 linking. Pass -static to Configure, then edit generated Makefile and
 remove occurrences of -ldl and -pie flags. You would also need to pick
 API version that comes with usable static libraries, 42/2=21 used to
 work. Once built, you should be able to

    env EXE_SHELL=qemu-<arch> make test

 If you need to pass additional flag to qemu, quotes are your friend, e.g.

    env EXE_SHELL="qemu-mips64el -cpu MIPS64R6-generic" make test