File: spamfaq.txt

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p3scan 2:2.1-3
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: etch, etch-m68k
  • size: 1,568 kB
  • ctags: 2,371
  • sloc: ansic: 12,072; makefile: 253; sh: 234
file content (3206 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 176,703 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (2)
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   From: [1]gandalf@digital.net
   Subject:  alt.spam  FAQ  or  "Figuring  out  fake E-Mail & Posts". Rev
   20040215
   Newsgroups: alt.2600, alt.spam, alt.newbie, news.admin.net-abuse.misc,
   news.admin.net-abuse.email,  news.admin.net-abuse.usenet, alt.answers,
   news.answers
   Followup-To:            news.admin.net-abuse.misc,           alt.spam,
   news.admin.net-abuse.usenet
   Summary:  This  posting describes how to find out where a fake post or
   e-mail originated from.
   Archive-name: net-abuse-faq/spam-faq
   Posting-Frequency: monthly
   Last-modified: 20040215
   URL: [2]http://gandalf.home.digital.net/spamfaq.html
   Greetings and Salutations:
   This  FAQ will help in deciphering which machine a fake e-Mail or post
   came from, and who (generally or specifically) you should contact.
   The  three  sections  to  this  twelve  portion FAQ (With apologies to
   Douglas Adams :-)) :
      o   [3]Introduction
             o   [4]The Easy Way To Get Rid Of spam
      o   [5]Tracing an e-mail message
             o   [6]What computer did this e-mail originate from?
             o   [7]MAILING LIST messages
      o   [8]Reporting Spam and tracing a posted message
      o   [9]WWW IP Lookup URL's
      o   [10]Converting that IP to a name
             o   [11]What to do with "strange" looking Web links
             o   [12]Getting a World Wide Web page busted
      o   [13]Usenet complaint addresses
             o   [14]Viruses / Trojans / Spyware
              o   [15]Fraud on the Internet and The MMF (Make Money Fast)
   Posts
             o   [16]Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud
             o   [17]Hoaxes
             o   [18]Open system spammers love
      o   [19]Filtering E-Mail BlackMail, procmail or News with Gnus
             o   [20]Rejecting E-Mail from domains that continue to Spam
      o   [21]Misc. (Because I can't spell miscellaneous :-)) stuff
            I couldn't think to put anywhere else.
             o   [22]Protection for you and your kids on the Internet
              o   [23]I am interested in eliminating spam from my emails,
   how do I do this?
             o   [24]Origins of Spam
             o   [25]How *did* I get this unsolicited e-mail anyway?
             o   [26]Can I find the persons name and phone from an e-mail
   address?
             o   [27]How To Respond to Spam
             o   [28]Firewalls and protecting your computer
      o   [29]Revenge - What to do & not to do (mostly not)
             o   [30]Telephoning someone
             o   [31]Snail Mailing someone
       o    [32]1-900,  1-800,  888,  877 and 1-### may be expensive long
   distance phone calls
      o   [33]Junk Mail - The Law
       o    [34]Additional  Resources - Lots Of Links and a *really* good
   book
       Introduction
   =============
   Please  feel  free  to repost this, e-mail it, put this FAQ on CD's or
   any other media you can think of.
   The latest & greatest version of the Spam FAQ is found at:
   [35]http://gandalf.home.digital.net/spamfaq.html
      or
   [36]http://home.digital.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html
    or
    [37]ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/alt.spam/
   Also see:
   [38]ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/alt.syntax.tactical/
   Please  email follow-ups / additions / changes comments / questions to
   [39]gandalf@digital.net  .  .  . BUT PLEASE NOTE because I receive (on
   the  average) over 200 e-mails EVERY day (of which 195 or so are spam)
   you  MUST  put  the  words  "Alt.spam" in the subject of the e-mail or
   there  is  a VERY good chance the e-mail will be deleted without being
   read.  I get 10 or 15 "No Subject" spams a day.
   My news source is OK, but I sometimes miss items.
   I  accept  all  and any input.  I consider myself to be the manager of
   this  FAQ  for  the  good  of everyone, not the absolute & controlling
   Owner  Of  The  FAQ.   I  do not always write in a completely coherent
   manner.   What makes sense to me may not make sense to others.  If the
   community  wants  something added or deleted, I will do so.  I removed
   any  e-mail  and last name references to someone making a suggestion /
   addition.   This  is so that someone doesn't get upset at this FAQ and
   do something stupid.  If you don't mind having your e-mail in this FAQ
   (or where it is required), please tell me and I will add it back in.
   If  you  are  in  the  United  States and have not yet written to your
   Senator  or  House  of Representatives about how terrible the CAN-SPAM
   act  is, I would ask you to do so.  Bottom line is that there are many
   large  corporations  and  over  22.9  million  small businesses on the
   United  States.   If  you received just one e-mail a year from each of
   the  small  businesses  (I  am not even including large companies) you
   would receive 63,800 e-mails PER DAY.  According to CAN-SPAM you would
   then  be  required  to opt out of each and every one of these e-mails,
   and  the  company  has  10 days to honor your request.  Of course this
   would  not stop spammers from changing company names every 10 days and
   just  start  spamming  all  over  again.   I  have  written  a  letter
   explaining  why  I think that this act was poorly written, and I would
   ask you to write a letter to your representatives also:
   [40]http://home.digital.net/~gandalf/CAN-SPAM.htm
   [41]http://gandalf.home.digital.net/CAN-SPAM.htm
   Find Your Senators at
   [42]http://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm
   and  find  your  US Representative: [43]http://www.house.gov/writerep/
   (Fill in your state and zip, click "Contact My Representative" and you
   will    be    told    who    your    representative    is).   Go   To:
   [44]http://www.house.gov/house/MemberWWW.html  ,  click  on their site
   and  your  representative  should have an address at the bottom of the
   page  for  where  to write them.  I would also suggest that you cc the
   two  sponsors  of  the  bill:  Conrad  Burns 187 DIRKSEN SENATE OFFICE
   BUILDING  WASHINGTON  DC  20510  and  Ron Wyden 516 HART SENATE OFFICE
   BUILDING WASHINGTON DC 20510.
   Davjohn  suggests  going to [45]http://congress.org , plug in your zip
   code  and  click  on GO.  Internet Explorer and Netscape will show you
   your representatives.  Safari browser did not work at this site.
   And why CAN-SPAM won't work:
   [46]http://www.google.com/search?q=CAN-SPAM+won%27t+work
   [47]http://www.google.com/search?q=Critics+CAN-SPAM
   [48]http://www.gripe2ed.com/scoop/story/2003/12/11/9145/0712
   Before  trying  to determine where the post or e-mail originated from,
   you   should   realize   that   (just   like   The  National  Enquirer
   [49]http://www.nationalenquirer.com/ or a logical argument from Canter
   and  Siegel)  the message will have *some* amount of truth, but all or
   most  of  the  information  may be forged.  Be careful before accusing
   someone.
   Commands  used  in  this  FAQ  are UNIX & VMS commands.  Sorry if they
   don't  work  for  you,  you  might  wish to try looking around at your
   commands to find an equivalent command (or I might be able to help out
   some).  There are programs for the Macintosh and Windows machines that
   do  the same thing the UNIX commands do, see the above URL's for where
   to locate this software.
   And  no, I am not going to tell you how to post a fake message or fake
   e-mail.  It only took me about 2 days (a few hours a day) to figure it
   out.   It  ain't  difficult.   RTFM  (or  more appropriately, Read The
   @&%^@# RFC).
   Every  e-mail  or post will have a point at which it was injected into
   the  information  stream.  E-mail will have a real computer from which
   it  was  passed  along.   Likewise a post will have a news server that
   started  passing  the  post.   You  need  to  get  cooperation  of the
   postmaster  at  the  sites  the message passed thru.  Then you can get
   information  from the logs telling you what sites the message actually
   passed  thru,  and where the message "looked" like it passed thru (but
   actually  didn't).   Of  course you do have to have the cooperation of
   all the postmasters in a string of sites...
   The Easy Way To Get Rid Of spam
   =========================
   Sorry  to  tell  you  this  but  if  you  received a spam (Unsolicited
   Commercial  E-Mail)  there  is  no "easy" way to get the spam stopped.
   Generally  if  you  reply (unsubscribe) this confirms that your e-mail
   address  is  "live"  and  just  gets your e-mail address sold to other
   spammers.   Spam  has to be dealt with one at a time.  Sorry, it isn't
   easy  to stop the spam.  The "Internet" (the collective non-profit and
   profit  entities  of the network) is trying to fix this problem but it
   is  taking  time.  The "easiest" way to stop getting spam is to change
   your  e-mail  address  and only give your e-mail address to people you
   absolutely  trust,  and to NEVER allow the e-mail address to be posted
   to  a  web  site  or posted ANYWHERE on the internet.  To see how many
   times  my  e-mail  address appears on the Internet go to the following
   link:
   [50]http://www.google.com/search?q=gandalf%40digital.net
   [51]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/edu/2003/0324ed1.html - E-Mail
   addresses on the web attract the most spam
   It  your e-mail address shows up on a search engine, then the spammers
   can  find  your  e-mail  address  also.   Be careful about giving your
   e-mail address to companies that purport to be against spam:
   [52]http://www.gripe2ed.com/scoop/story/2003/5/15/10299/0559
   There  are  businesses that make a good living filtering out spam both
   on a personal and corporate level.  I would suggest that if you really
   don't  want  to deal with spam that you get an e-mail address from one
   of  these  services  (Please  note I am not recommending this service,
   just using it as an example).  Do a search:
   [53]http://www.google.com/search?q=email+hosting+spam
   And you will come up with companies like:
   [54]http://www.No-JunkMail.com/
   Or  if  you  wish  to  block it from your personal e-mail account do a
   search on something like:
   [55]http://www.google.com/search?q=spam+blocking+software
   And you will come up with examples like:
   [56]http://www.spamulor.net/ - Free
   [57]http://www.spambutcher.com/
   Be aware that no spam blocking software (as of yet) is perfect and you
   may get "false positives".  An e-mail from a friend may be detected as
   spam  and  may get deleted as spam or moved to the spam box.  The spam
   wars:
   [58]http://computerworld.com/softwaretopics/software/groupware/story/0
   ,10801,75737,00.html
   Davjohn  reminds  us that if you are required to give a "legal" e-mail
   address   to   a   company   you   don't   know   or   trust,   go  to
   [59]http://mail.com   and   set   up  a  free  account.  There  are  a
   hundred-or-so variations available.
   [60]General.delivery@arcticmail.com  sounds like a Santa Clause e-mail
   address.   He  has 2 addresses there. About once a week he goes in and
   clicks "empty" and ~flush~ it's all gone.

           Tracing an e-mail message
   ============================================
   To trace the e-mail you have to look at the header.  Most mail readers
   do  not  show  the  header because it contains information that is for
   computer  to  computer  routing.  The information you usually see from
   the  header  is  the  subject, date and the "From" / "Return" address.
   About  the  only  thing in an e-mail header that can't be faked is the
   "Received" portion referencing your computer (the last received).
   You  will need to take a look at the headers on the message as follows
   (Thanks to Bob, Dave, Kathy, Michael, Piers, Russ, Simon, Chalmers and
   others) :
   Claris E-Mailer - under Mail select Show Long Headers.
   Eudora  (before  ver.  3)  -  Select Tools , Options... , then Fonts &
   Display then Show all headers
   Eudora (ver. 3.x, 4.x IBM or Macintosh) - Press the BLAH button on the
   incoming mail message
   Eudora V5.1:
           1)  Double-click  on  the  email  subject  line in the current
   mailbox.  This  displays the same message with a fuller version of the
   header, which will be enough for some ISPs but not all, and also shows
   an extra Toolbox which contains the BlahBlahBlah button
          2) Click on the BlahBlahBlah button
   For  Mac  Eudora 4.x, hitting the following will cause Eudora to alter
   its  default  setting  so that BLAH will be automatically selected for
   all new email received after this switch is set:
   <x-eudora-setting:123=y>  When  checked,  Eudora  will  show  all  the
   headers from messages, not just an abbreviated set.
   Hotmail - How to set show the mail headers in hotmail:
   1.  After you login, just to the right of the tabs, select Options
   2.  Under Additional Options, select Mail Display Settings
   3.  In the Message Headers section, click the Advanced button
   JUNO - Click on the word "OPTIONS" in the MENU BAR.
   On This menu, click on "E-Mail Options (ctrl-E)"
   This will get you a Dialog Box:
   In the "Show message headers" part, you need to have the "Full" button
   marked in order to show full message headings.
   KMAIL  (KDE  Mail  Client)  - Bryan tells us To display all headers in
   kmail(KDE mail client), go to 'view' and click 'all headers'.
   Lotus Notes R4 and R5:
   1) Examine the fields in the document.
      Click on File EUR Document Properties
      Click on fields tab (square rule)
      Scroll down to the "received" fields - there should be one for each
   "received" header added.
      Copy and paste these into a file.
   2) Export the headers from the document
      *important*  You need to be in the inbox folder in Notes
      Select the document.
      Click on File EUR Export
      Enter a temporary file name, ensure File type is "Structured Text"
      Under Export options, click on "selected documents", click OK.
       The  generated  file contains all the headers on the message along
   with the message body.
   MS  Outlook - Double click on the email in your inbox. This will bring
   the message into a window. Click on View - Options.  You can also open
   a message then choose File....Properties....Details.
   Microsoft  Outlook  2000  -  From  the Menu Bar select "View" and then
   "Options" from that menu.
   This displays a dialogue box called "Message Options".
   The largest and last text box is called "Internet headers:"
   Scroll through this to read all the details.
   To  save  a  copy,  highlight  all  the  content,  and  copy it to the
   clipboard  by  pressing  <Ctrl  C> (that�s both those keys at the same
   time),  then go into whatever word processor or email program you wish
   and press <Ctrl V> to paste the text onto that page.
   Because   Microsoft   Outlook  has  many  security  flaws,  the  below
   instructions may expose your computer to risks.  See:
   [61]http://www.the-foxhole.org/Disabling_IE_Security_Flaws.htm
   MS Outlook Express - Alt-Enter, or Alt-F then R.
   MS Outlook Express - More Detailed:
     To look for, copy and send headers In Outlook Express
     1- Press CTRL F3
     2- Press CTRL A
     3- Press CTRL C
     4- Press Alt F4. (At this point the message is already copied)
      5-  Open  a  new  message. Right click and paste or select Edit and
   paste.
   Mike tells us a better way to expose the headers and copy the body for
   MS Outlook Express is as follows:
   [62]http://www.spamcop.net/fom-serve/cache/119.html
   The mouse selections are File/ Properties/ Details tab/ Message source
   button.   The  keyboard  access  is  alt-Enter  ctrl-Tab  alt-M.  Once
   accessed the remainder of commands are as discussed elsewhere:  Mouse;
   R  click  context  menu, Select all, Copy or Keyboard;  ctrl-A ctrl-C.
   The  Message  Source  described  here  is  the headers + attached spam
   body.  If one only wanted the complete headers without spam body, they
   would stop one step earlier at the Details tab section above.
   Netscape  3 - In the mail viewing window: Options > Show Headers > All
   -  When all the headers are displayed in the NS3 mail window, they are
   formatted.  This  is  much  more  readable  than the display in a text
   editor such as Notepad.
   Netscape 4.xx - Double click on the email in your inbox. Click on View
   - Headers - All.
   PINE  -  You have to turn on the header option in setup, then just hit
   "h" to get headers.
   WebTV - [63]http://www.haltabuse.org/help/headers/webtv.shtml :
       1)  While viewing the email, hit "Forward" on the sidebar. Address
   the document to yourself. Completely erase the subject line.
       2)   Put  your cursor on the first line of the "body" (text area);
   Hit  "Return" (enter) twice. Your cursor should now be on the 3rd line
   of the text area.
      3)  Type any "Alt" character on this line; DO NOT HIT "RETURN"
       4)   Cut  and  Paste  the  "Alt"  character onto the subject line:
   (CMD+"A"),  (CMD+"X"),  (CMD  +"V")  The "Alt" character should "jump"
   down to the message text-area.
      5) Hit "Send"; open the received mail.
   Ximian  Evolution  (Linux email program) to display full headers, open
   the  message,  go  to  the  VIEW  menu and choose message display>full
   headers.
   Yahoo-
   -Click on the "Mail Options" link located near the top right-hand side
   of the page.
   -Click the "General Preferences" link.
   -Locate the Show Headers heading and select either "Brief" or "All."
   -Click the "Save" button to put your new settings into effect.
   Another  way to show you how to display headers, please see (with some
   good screen shots):
   [64]http://help.att.net/docs/use/email/gen/prb_msol_mac_headerinfo.htm
   ?platform=osnone - MS Outlook Express for the Mac
   [65]http://help.att.net/docs/howto/other/win/prb_all_all_ns-header.htm
   ?platform=osnone - Netscape Messenger or Netscape Mail
   [66]http://www.wurd.com/cl_email_outlook_headers.php - MS Outlook
   [67]http://www.wurd.com/cl_email_msie_headers.php - MS Outlook Express
   Programs  that do not comply with any Internet standards (like cc-Mail
   (depending  on how it is configured), Beyond Mail, VAX VMS) throw away
   the  headers.   You  will not be able to get headers from these e-mail
   messages.
   George  tell us that the gateway that Lotus provides, SMTPLink (is one
   of those Microsoft-style utilities that's functional, but just barely)
   has an administrator-configurable setting for handling RFC-822 headers
   on   inbound   (to  cc:Mail)  messages.   Headers  can  be  completely
   discarded, or copied to an attachment.
   George  also  tells  us  in  the  R6  client,  headers (if saved to an
   attachment  in  the  gateway)  are viewable as an attachment, as noted
   above.  The R8 client handles things differently, hiding the existence
   of  the  headers  attachment, and making the content available only by
   going   to   the   inbox   or  a  message  folder,  right-clicking  on
   "Properties",  then  selecting  the  "history"  tab.  From there, it's
   possible  to  copy/paste into another document.  Header information is
   left  in  its  original chronological order (unlike Notes, which takes
   the liberty of sorting all the headers into alphabetic order).
   Aussie  tells  us  that  in  Pegasus to view the full headers for each
   message,  use  CTRL-H.  This  will  show  the  full  headers  for  the
   particular message, but will not add them to any reply or forward. You
   need  to  cut/paste  the  message into the reply/forward to send these
   headers.
   Richard  tells us with Nettamer, a MS DOS based email and USENET group
   reader  you  must  save  the  message  as an ASCII file, then the full
   header  will  be  displayed  when  you  open  the saved file with your
   favorite ASCII editor.
   At  this  point  if  you are "pushing the envelope" on your ability to
   figure  out  how  to get that complaint to the correct person, I would
   suggest joining the Usenet group alt.spam or
   news.admin.net-abuse.email  and  post  the  message  with a title like
   "Please  help  me  decipher  this  header".  Unfortunately there is no
   "single"  place  to  complain to about spam (or Unsolicited Commercial
   E-Mail).   Complaints have to be directed to the correct ISP (Internet
   Service  Provider)  that  the  spam  originated  from.   See the below
   section entitled "Reporting spam".
   URL's to help you figure out how to look at the headers:
   [68]http://support.xo.com/abuse/guide/guide1.shtml
   [69]http://www.rahul.net/falk/mailtrack.html
   A little different description of headers:
   [70]http://digital.net/~gandalf/trachead.html  -  Line by line tracing
   of a spammers e-mail
   [71]http://digital.net/~gandalf/trachead2.html  - Line by line tracing
   of  a  spammers e-mail when the spammer has inserted a "Fake" Received
   line to confuse tracking the e-mail.
   [72]http://help.mindspring.com/docs/006/emailheaders/
   [73]http://help.mindspring.com/features/emailheaders/extended.htm
    [74]http://www.stopspam.org/email/headers/headers.html   -  In  depth
   header analysis
   There  is  spamming  software  that  sends the e-mail directly to your
   computer.  This makes only one received line in the e-mail making your
   life many times easier.  The computer that is not your computer is the
   spamming computer.
   Also, please look through the body of the message for e-mail addresses
   to  reply  to.   Complain  to the postmasters of those sites also (see
   below for a list of complaint addresses).
   Gregory  tells  us  that  assuming  a  reasonably  standard and recent
   sendmail setup, a Received line that looks like :
   Received: from host1 (host2 [ww.xx.yy.zz]) by host3
           (8.7.5/8.7.3) with SMTP id MAA04298; Thu, 18 Jul 1996 12:18:06
   -0600
   shows  four  pieces of useful information (reading from back to front,
   in order of decreasing reliability):
    - The host that added the Received line (host3)
    - The IP address of the incoming SMTP connection (ww.xx.yy.zz)
    - The reverse-DNS lookup of that IP address (host2)
    - The name the sender used in the SMTP HELO command when they
      connected (host1).
   Looking at the below we see 6 received lines.  Received lines are like
   links in a chain.  The message is passed from one computer to the next
   with  no  breaks  in  the  chain.  The received lines indicate that it
   ended up at digital.net (my computer) from mail.bestnetpc.com.  It was
   received  at  mail.bestnetpc.com  from  unknown  (HELO paul-s.-aiello)
   ([205.160.183.123]).   The  last  three  lines  suggests  that  it was
   received    at    in2.|bm.net    from    mh.tomsurl|.com    and   from
   reb50.rs41|1date.net.   Since none of these computers are in the first
   two  received  lines then we can ignore these lines and every received
   entry  after  this line (this UCE had 4 or 5 more faked Received lines
   in  it  that  were deleted for this example).  We also know that these
   lines  are  faked  because  no  domain name has a "|" character in the
   name.   Domain names only have alphabetic or numeric characters in the
   name.
   Do not get confused by the "Received: from unknown" portion.  The word
   "unknown"  can  be  *anything* and should be ignored, this is whatever
   the  spammer  put  in the SMTP HELO command when they connected to the
   SMTP server.
   Received:   from  mail.bestnetpc.com  (IDENT:qmailr@mail.bestnetpc.com
   [205.160.183.3])  by  digital.net (8.9.1a/8.9.1) with SMTP id CAA10768
   for <gandalf@digital.net>; Thu, 26 Nov 1998 02:55:11 -0500 (EST)
   Received:  (qmail  25259  invoked  from network); 26 Nov 1998 08:05:49
   -0000
   Received:  from  unknown (HELO paul-s.-aiello) ([205.160.183.123])  by
   mail.bestnetpc.com with SMTP; 26 Nov 1998 08:05:49 -0000
   Received:   (from  uudp@lcl|lhost)  by  in2.|bm.net  (8.6.9/8.6.9)  id
   CFF569794 for <suppressed>; Thursday, November 26, 1998
   Received:   from  tomsurl|.com  (mh.tomsurl|.com  [100.257.57.69])  by
   m4.tomsurl|.com  (8.6.12/8.6.12)  with  ESMTP  id  PAA21932  Thursday,
   November 26, 1998
   Received:    from    reb50.rs41|1date.net   (root@reb50.rs41|1date.net
   [256.36.1.176])   by   tomsurl|.com   (8.6.12/8.6.12)  with  ESMTP  id
   PBA023891 for <suppressed>;
   So   we  complain  to  whomever  owns  unknown  (HELO  paul-s.-aiello)
   ([205.160.183.123]).   Make  sure  that  you  do  a  nslookup  (or use
   [75]http://samspade.org/t/  ,  put the address in the section "address
   digger",  click  on  WhoIs  IP  block  and Traceroute and click on "do
   stuff")  on  the  IP  address's.   I  try to verify 205.160.183.123 is
   paul-s.-aiello.    Indeed  paul-s.-aiello  does  not  even  exist  and
   205.160.183.123 does not resolve to a name when I do a NSLookup.  Next
   would  be  a traceroute.  See further below for more in-depth tracking
   on resolving an IP.
   IP portion = 205.160.183.123
   Traceroute 205.160.183.123 gives us:
   Step  Host                          IP
   Find route from: 0.0.0.0 to: 205.160.183.123 (205.160.183.123), Max 30
   hops, 40 byte packets
   <snip>
   13 acsi-sw-gw.customer.alter.net.   (157.130.128.26 ):   235ms
   14 atlant-ga-2.espire.net.          (206.222.97.24  ):   272ms
   15 206.222.104.37                   (206.222.104.37 ):   279ms
   16 orland-fl-1-a5-0.espire.net.     (206.222.99.7   ):   362ms
   17 iag.net.orland-fl-1.espire.net.  (206.222.106.6  ):   195ms
   18 d1.s0.gw.dayb.fl.iag.net.        (207.30.70.38   ):   230ms
   19 s0.gw.bestnetpc.net.             (207.30.70.254  ):   231ms
   20 *     *     *
   21 205.160.183.123                  (205.160.183.123):   372ms
   See  the  traceroute  section  below for how to interpret the "*" (and
   other codes) that are returned from a traceroute.
   Note  -  if you see something like the following realize that the only
   portion  you  can  trust is within the "([" and the "])".  The spammer
   put in the (faked) portion "mail.zebra.net (209.12.13.2)" :
   Received: from mail.zebra.net (209.12.13.2) ([209.12.69.42])
   Kamiel  tells  us that you might also want to make sure that the IP is
   not hosted by an intermediary site.  Check it out at:
   [76]http://www.arin.net/
   You  should  complain  to  the abuse@ or postmaster@<Last Two or Three
   words  at  the end of the name>.  I would complain to abuse@iag.net OR
   abuse@espire.net (but NOT both sites) since after looking below at the
   list  of  complaint  addresses  in  this  FAQ  there  are no alternate
   addresses  for iag.net or espire.net.  Unless it is a "major provider"
   (someone  in  the  below  complaint  list)  I  usually complain to the
   upstream  provider  rather  than risk the chance of complaining to the
   spammer  and  being ignored.  If you go too far up the chain, however,
   it  may  take  quite some time for the complaint to filter down to the
   correct person.
   Louise  tells us that you are entitled to make an 'alleged' accusation
   but to prevent yourself from being libel, prefix your statement with:-
   "Without prejudice: I suspect you are the culprit of such and such."
   The  constitutional  and legal boundary of 'Without prejudice' exempts
   Politician's  opinions  being spoken publicly and this prefix is often
   adopted by Solicitors (English) or Lawyers/Attorneys (USA).
   I use :
   abuse@XXXXX  -  Without  prejudice  I  submit  to you this Unsolicited
   Commercial  E-Mail  is  from  your  user  XXXX.   UCE is unappreciated
   because  it costs my provider (and ultimately myself) money to process
   just like an unsolicited FAX.  Please look into this.  Thank you.
   BE SURE to verify the IP address.  Windows '95 machines place the name
   of  the  machine as the "name" and place the real IP address after the
   name,  meaning  a spammer can give a legitimate "name" of someone else
   to  get  someone innocent in trouble.  A spammer at cyberpromo changed
   their  SMTP  HELO  so  that  it  claimed  to  be from Compuserve.  The
   Received  line  looked like the below, but a quick verification of the
   IP address 208.9.65.20 showed it was indeed from cyberpromo :
   Received: from dub-img-4.compuserve.com (cyberpromo.com [208.9.65.20])
   by karpes.stu.rpi.edu
   The  below  e-mail  was  passed  to  me thru a "mule" (un1.satlink.com
   [200.9.212.3]).   The  Spammer  hijacked  an open SMTP port to reroute
   e-mail to me:
   Received:  from  un1.satlink.com  (un1.satlink.com  [200.9.212.3])  by
   digital.net  (8.9.1a/8.9.1)  with  ESMTP id GAA06372; Fri, 27 Nov 1998
   06:53:20 -0500 (EST)
   Received: from usa.net ([209.86.128.234]) by un1.satlink.com (Netscape
   Messaging  Server  3.54)   with  SMTP  id  AAT2FEA;  Fri,  27 Nov 1998
   08:46:07 -0200
   A NSLookup on 209.86.128.234 resolves to
   user38ld07a.dialup.mindspring.com,    so    after    I   complain   to
   mindspring.com  I  also  send the postmaster of the open SMTP port the
   following :
   postmaster@XXXXX  -  Your SMTP mail server XXXXX was used as a mule to
   pass  (and waste your system resources) this e-mail on to me.  You can
   stop  your SMTP port from allowing rerouting of e-mail back outside of
   your  domain  if  you  wish  to.  FYI only.  Info on how to block your
   server, see:
   [77]http://www.ordb.org/
   [78]http://dsbl.org/main
   [79]http://relays.osirusoft.com/
   [80]http://relays.osirusoft.com/cgi-bin/rbcheck.cgi  - See if a server
   is on a BlackHole list, i.e. an open relay
   [81]http://www.dorkslayers.com/
   [82]http://spamhaus.org/sbl
   [83]http://mail-abuse.org/rbl/usage.html
   [84]http://samspade.org/t/
   [85]http://www.abuse.net/relay.html -  Test for server vulnerability
   Now  that  Cable  Modems are so popular, companies are starting to put
   their  "personal"  e-mail  servers  on  cable / DSL modems and are (of
   course)  not  configuring them correctly.  I received UCE from an open
   SMTP server:
   Received: from SDMAIN (DT1-A-hfc-0251-d1132e93.rdc1.sdca.coxatwork.com
   [209.19.46.147])                  by digital.net (8.9.3/05.21.76) with
   SMTP id SAA04761;            Fri, 30 Mar 2001 18:35:24 -0500 (EST)
   Received: from Received: (qmail 554 invoked from network); 25 Mar 2001
   23:56:02                              (ip207.miami41.fl.pub-ip.psi.net
   [38.37.111.207])        by SDMAIN; Fri, 30 Mar 2001 10:19:58 -0800
   Complain  to  Cox ( abuse@home.com in this case) about their open SMTP
   server.
   There  are  some  systems  that  "claim" to "cloak" e-mail.  It is not
   true.  If you receive one that looks like the following :
   Received: from relay4.ispam.net (root@[207.124.161.39]) by digital.net
   (8.8.5/8.8.5)  with  ESMTP id KAA28969 for <gandalf@digital.net>; Thu,
   26 Jun 1997 10:41:46 -0400 (EDT)
   Received: from --- CLOAKED! ---
         or
   Received:  from  cerberus.njsmu.com  ([204.142.120.2])  by digital.net
   (8.8.5/8.8.5)  with  ESMTP id HAA06250 for <gandalf@digital.net>; Mon,
   25 Jan 1999 07:11:18 -0500 (EST)
   From: hostme39@aol.com
   Received: from The.sender.of.this.untracable.email.used.MAILGOD.by.IMI
   It is still broken down as follows :
    -  The route the e-mail took originated from one of the systems above
   the  line  marked  "cloaked"  or  the line "untraceable" (in fact this
   makes it even easier to trace).  There is no magic to it.  Complain to
   that provider.  If you get no response from the site that spammed, you
   should   ask   your  provider  to  no  longer  allow  the  above  site
   [207.124.161.39] to connect to your system.
   It  has  been kindly pointed out to me that there is a "feature" (read
   "bug")  in  the  UNIX  mail  spool  wherein the person e-mailing you a
   message  can append a "message" (with the headers) to the end of their
   message.   It makes the mail reader think you have 2 messages when the
   joker  that  sent  the  original message only sent one message (with a
   fake  message  appended).   If  the  headers look *really* screwy, you
   might look at the message before the screwy message and consider if it
   may not be a "joke" message.
   There  are also IBM mainframes and misconfigured Sun Sendmail machines
   (SMI-8.6/SMI-SVR4)  that do not include the machine that they received
   the  SMTP  traffic from.  You have to route the message (with headers)
   back  to  the  postmaster at that system and ask them to tell you what
   the  IP  of  the  machine  is  that  hooked into their system for that
   message.
   An  example of a Microsoft Exchange server that the "HELO" transaction
   is taken as the "From" portion (and is completely false) :
   Received:       from       dpi.dpi-conseil.fr      (dpi.dpi-conseil.fr
   [195.115.136.1])       by  digital.net  (8.9.3/8.9.3)  with  ESMTP  id
   KAA06614         for  <gandalf@digital.net>; Thu, 26 Aug 1999 10:51:31
   -0400 (EDT)
   Received:  from  FIREWALL ([192.168.0.254]) by dpi.dpi-conseil.fr with
   SMTP  (Microsoft  Exchange  Internet  Mail Service Version 5.5.2448.0)
   id QW11TJV1; Thu, 26 Aug 1999 16:44:38 +0200
   It  has  also  been pointed out that someone on your server can telnet
   back  to the mail port and send you mail.  This also makes the forgery
   virtually  untraceable by you, but as always your admin should be able
   to  catch  the telnet back to the server.  If they telnet to a foreign
   SMTP  server  and then use the "name" of a user on that system, it may
   appear  to  you that the message came from that user.  Be very careful
   when making assumptions about where the e-mail came from.
   Note for AOL users when looking at headers:
   If you get double headers at the end of a message (like the below) the
   spammer  has  tacked  on  a extra set of headers to confuse the issue.
   Ignore  everything  except  the  last  set  of headers.  These are the
   *real* headers.
   ------------------ Headers --------------------------------
   Return-Path: <Gloria@me.net>
   Received:     from      rly-za05.mx.aol.com     (rly-za05.mail.aol.com
   [172.31.36.101])  byair-za04.mail.aol.com  (v51.16) with SMTP; Mon, 16
   Nov 1998 19:16:02 1900
   Received:  from  mailb.telia.com  (mailb.telia.com  [194.22.194.6]) by
   rly-za05.mx.aol.com (8.8.8/8.8.5/AOL-4.0.0) with ESMTP id TAA05189;
   Mon, 16 Nov 1998 19:15:53 -0500 (EST)
   From: Gloria@me.net
   Received:   from   signal.dk   ([194.255.7.40])   by   mailb.telia.com
   (8.8.8/8.8.8)  with  SMTP id BAA14174; Tue, 17 Nov 1998 01:15:50 +0100
   (CET)
   Received: from 194.255.7.40 by signal.dk
   viaSMTP(950413.SGI.8.6.12/940406.SGI.AUTO)  id  AAA28586;  Tue, 17 Nov
   1998 00:53:13 +0100
   Message-Id: <199811162353.AAA28586@signal.dk>
   Date: Mon, 16 Nov 98 18:27:19 EST
   To: Gloria@papa.fujisankei-g.com.jp
   Subject: ATTENTION SMOKERS - QUIT SMOKING IN JUST 7 DAYS
   Reply-To: Gloria@papa.fujisankei-g.com.jp
   ------------------- Headers --------------------------------
   Return-Path: <lifeplanner@zcities.com>
   Received:     from      rly-yd04.mx.aol.com     (rly-yd04.mail.aol.com
   [172.18.150.4]) by air-yd02.mx.aol.com (v56.14) with SMTP; Mon, 11 Jan
   1999 23:54:48 -0500
   Received: from phone.net ([207.18.137.42])
                       by rly-yd04.mx.aol.com (8.8.8/8.8.5/AOL-4.0.0)
                       with SMTP id XAA01327;
                       Mon, 11 Jan 1999 23:51:03 -0500 (EST)
   From: <lifeplanner@zcities.com>
   To: <Someone@aol.com>
   Date: Tue, 15 Dec 1998 20:54:19 -0600
   Message-ID: <13653344018870252@phone.net>
   Subject: Life insurance, do you have it?
   Mime-Version: 1.0
   Content-Type: text/html
   Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable
     What computer did this e-mail originate from?
   ==================================================
   You  cannot  generally tell by a e-mail header which specific computer
   the  e-mail  came  from.  Just about every time you dial into your ISP
   (Internet  Service  Provider) you are assigned a different IP address.
   If  someone  sends  you an e-mail and they log out, the next time they
   log  in  their  IP  address  will  most  likely  be different.  If the
   computer  has  a  permanently  assigned  IP address *and* you have the
   cooperation of whomever owns that block of IP addresses you *might* be
   able to get information on who might have sent the e-mail.
   About  the  only way to tell *exactly* which e-mail account the e-mail
   was  sent  from  is to get the ISP (Internet Service Provider) to tell
   you.   Usually  the  ISP  will  require  you  to  get the local police
   involved  (a  warrant  of some type) to force the ISP to give you that
   information.   Even  given  that  you  know  the  account  the  e-mail
   originated  from,  a  forger  can  find  out  that  person's account /
   password  and  log  in  as them, they can gain access to that computer
   while  the  person who owns that computer is away from the computer or
   they  could  install  a  back door program that allows them to control
   that  person's  computer  remotely.   If  this were to happen then the
   forger  could send the e-mail and nobody would know who *specifically*
   sent the e-mail.
           MAILING LIST messages
   ========================================
   Stephanie kindly defines MAILING LIST versus LISTSERVER :
   A  MAILING LIST is a type of email distribution in which email is sent
   to  a  fixed  site  which holds a list of email recipients and mail is
   distributed   to   those   recipients   automatically  (or  through  a
   moderator).
   A  LISTSERVER  is  a  software  program designed to manage one or more
   mailing  lists.  One of the more popular packages is named "LISTSERV".
   Besides  Listserv,  other popular packages include Listproc which is a
   Unix  Listserv  clone  (Listservs originated on BITNET), Majordomo and
   Mailserve.    Most  importantly  --  not  all  mailing  lists  run  on
   listservers, there are many mailing lists that are manually managed.
   You  may  hear of mailing lists being referred to as many things, some
   strange,  some which on the surface make sense, like "email discussion
   groups".   But this isn't accurate either, since not all mailing lists
   are set up for discussion.
   Istvan   suggests   "Majordomo  software  is  remarkably  funny  about
   headers.   It  does  not  like headers which contain anything odd. All
   messages  the  software  receives which do not conform to its rigorous
   standards  are  simply  forwarded to the list moderator.  It turns out
   this  feature  is  effective  at  stopping  between 80 and 90% of spam
   actually getting to the list."
   Kirk  tells  us  that you can set majordomo up so that new subscribers
   have  to  reply  to a subscribe request, thus verifying the address is
   legit.   Additionally  the  lists  can  be  configured  so  that  only
   subscribers  can  post.   And  finally you can put filters on content.
   I've  got  the  list I manage configured to reject multipart email and
   email which contains html.
   Jeff  adds  that  this  would  be  the  closed+confirm  option  in the
   configuration file so that only subscribers can post. Also, to prevent
   multipart or HTML this would be the taboo_headers configuration.
   Richard  mentions  "Listserv can be configured to restrict non-members
   from  sending  to  a  list  and can restrict spam based on the headers
   similar  to Majordomo.  I've used both of these features successfully.
   You  can read more about Listserv capabilities, if you are interested,
   at:
        [86]http://www.lsoft.com/listserv.stm
         [87]http://www.lsoft.com/spamorama.html  -  FILTER  (info on its
   spam filter)
   I  suspect  that Listserv's spam filter may be better than Majordomo's
   (but I've not managed any Majordomo lists)."
   Jeff  adds that having ran a majordomo list for almost 4 years, I find
   majordomo  to  be every bit as good.  I should, however, qualify that;
   the  listowner  needs  to  have his/her clueons in good working order.
   Simply  put,  no  listowner  in  their  right  mind should leave their
   majordomo  lists  set  to  anything  other than closed+confirm.  Alas,
   there  are listowners who will leave their lists wide open.  I've also
   seen others knock themselves dead creating their own filters just so a
   listmember  can post to the list from a web-based e-mail account while
   on  vacation.   I usually tell anyone in such a situation to subscribe
   to  the list from whatever free e-mail account they plan to use.  IMO,
   I  cannot  justify compromising list security for such reasons.  Lists
   should be closed+confirm...plain and simple.
   Example Header appears below:
   Received:  from  dir.bham.ac.uk  (dir.bham.ac.uk  [147.188.128.25]) by
   gol1.gol.com  (8.7.5/8.6.9)  with SMTP id GAA27292 for <XXXX@gol.com>;
   Sun, 5 May 1996 06:31:15 +0900 (JST)
   Received:  from  bham.ac.uk by dir.bham.ac.uk with SMTP (PP) using DNS
   id <26706-38@dir.bham.ac.uk>; Sat, 4 May 1996 20:56:49 +0100
   Received:  from  emout09.mail.aol.com (actually emout09.mx.aol.com) by
   bham.ac.uk  with SMTP (PP); Sat, 4 May 1996 21:13:03 +0100
   Received:  by emout09.mail.aol.com (8.6.12/8.6.12) id PAA29156; Sat, 4
   May 1996 15:35:53 -0400
   Date: Sat, 4 May 1996 15:35:53 -0400
   From: Jeanchev@aol.com
   Message-ID: <960504153553_287142426@emout09.mail.aol.com>
   Subject: CRaZy Complimentary Offer........
   This  is  a  post  from  Kevin  Lipsitz  for his "===>> FREE 1 yr. USA
   Magazine  Subscriptions".  The  latest  information indicates that the
   state of New York has told him he should stop abusing the Internet for
   a  while  ... lets hope it is forever.  In relation to the Internet he
   makes a slimy used car salesman look like a saint.
   But  as  David  reminds us, There are a million Kevin J. Lipsitz's out
   there.   All  selling  magazines, Amway, vitamins, phone service, etc.
   All  the  losers who want to get rich quick, but can't start their own
   business.

   That  having  been said, e-mail from a Listserve can usually be broken
   down  the  same  way  as "normal" e-mail headers.  There are just more
   waypoints  along  the  way.  As you can see from the above, the e-mail
   originated from :
   emout09.mail.aol.com
   Jeff   also   mentions  that  news.admin.net.abuse.e-mail  is  a  good
   newsgroup to monitor about how to keep spam off the listserve.  I have
   seen mailing list issues arise occasionally.
     Reporting Spam and tracing a posted message
   ============================================
   If  someone posts a message with your e-mail in the From: or Reply-To:
   field,  it  can  (and will if you request) be canceled.  Please repost
   the  message to news.admin.net-abuse.misc WITH THE HEADERS (or it will
   probably  be  ignored)  so  that  the  message  cam  be  canceled (the
   message-id  is  the  most  important)  with a suggested subject of the
   following:
   Subject: FORGERY <Subject from the Spam message>
   Or you can look at the Cancel FAQ at :
   [88]http://www.killfile.org/faqs/cancel.html
   Try  to  make  sure  that  the  message has not already been posted to
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc,        news.admin.net-abuse.email        or
   news.admin.net-abuse.usenet  and that it is less than 4 or 5 days old.
   Chris  reminds us that yes, there are a lot of annoying, off-topic and
   stupid  postings out there.  But that doesn't make it spam.  _Really_.
   All  we're  concerned  with  is _volume_.   Don't report any potential
   spams  unless  you  see at least two copies in at least 4 groups.  The
   content is irrelevant.  Spam canceling cannot be by content.
   For off topic posts, see [89]http://digital.net/~gandalf/trollfaq.html
   The  first  thing  to do is to post the ENTIRE message (PLEASE put the
   header   in   or  it  will  probably  be  ignored)  to  the  newsgroup
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc.   Do  not  reply  or  post  it  back to the
   original group.  A suggested subject is one of the following:
   Subject: EMP <Subject from the Spam message>
   Subject: ECP <Subject from the Spam message>
   Subject: UCE <Subject from the Spam message>
   Subject: SEX <Subject from the Spam message>
   Please include the original Subject: from the original Spam so that it
   can easily be spotted.  Thank you.
   Take  a  careful look at the header, if there are "curious characters"
   (characters  that  look  like  garbage)  in the X-Mailer: line, or any
   other  line  in the header, then delete those characters otherwise the
   message  may  end  up  truncated.   The offending line consists of the
   EIGHT characters D0 CF 11 E0 A1 B1 1A E1 (in hex).
   If  the  post  is particularly amusing (Spammer threat or a postmaster
   threat), put C&C in the subject.  Seymour tells us it means Coffee and
   cats.   This  originated  from  a  post  claiming  that  a  particular
   outrageous  article had caused spewing of coffee into the keyboard and
   jumping while holding a cat, resulting in scratched thighs.
   An Excessive Multiple Post (EMP) may exceed the spam threshold and may
   be  canceled.   An  Excessive  Cross  Post  (ECP)  may not be canceled
   because  it  hasn't  reached  the  threshold. A UCE is for Unsolicited
   Commercial Email, SEX is for off-topic sex-ad postings.
   Make  Money  Fast  message  is  immediately cancelable and are usually
   canceled  already  by  others, so please do not report MMF posts.  See
   MMF section below.
   Tracing  a  fake post is probably easier than a fake e-mail because of
   some  posting  peculiarities.  You just have to save and look at a few
   "normal"  posts  to  try  to  spot peculiarities.  Most people are not
   energetic to go to the lengths of the below, but you never know.
   Dan  reminds  us  that  first  you  should  gather  the same post from
   *several*  different sites (get your friends to mail the posts to you)
   and  look at the "Path" line.  Somewhere it should "branch".  If there
   is  a  portion  that is common to all posts, then the "actual" posting
   computer is (most likely) in that portion of the path.  That should be
   the  starting postmaster to contact.  Be sure to do this expeditiously
   because  the  log  files that help to trace these posts may be deleted
   daily.
   If  you  *really*  want to see some fake posts, look in alt.test or in
   the alt.binaries.warez.* groups.
   A fake post:
   Path:
   ...!news.sprintlink.net!in2.uu.net!news.net99.net!news!s46.phxslip4.in
   direct.com!vac
   From: XXX@indirect.com(Female User)
   Subject: Femdom In Search of Naughty Boys
   Message-ID: <DHLMvE.24H@goodnet.com>
   Sender: XXX@indirect.com(Female User)
   Nntp-Posting-Host: s46.phxslip4.indirect.com
   Organization: Internet Direct, Inc.
   X-Newsreader: Trumpet for Windows[Version 1.0 Rev B final beta #1]
   Date: Mon, 6 Nov 1995 01:59:38 GMT
   Approved: XXX@indirect.com
   Lines: 13
   This  poor lady (Name deleted by suggestion) was abused by someone for
   a  couple  of days in an epic spam.  Many messages were gathered.  The
   message  ID was different for several messages.  But several anomalies
   showed an inept poster.
   The  headers  were  screwed  up,  and  when  looking at a selection of
   messages  from  several  sites,  the  central site was news.net99.net,
   where goodnet.com gets / injects news at.  This lead to the conclusion
   that  either  goodnet.com or news.net99.net should be contacted to see
   who  the  original spammer was. I never heard the results of this, but
   the spamming eventually stopped.
   You can try looking at sites & see if they have that message by :
   telnet s46.phxslip4.indirect.com 119
   Connected to s46.phxslip4.indirect.com.
   200  s46.phxslip4.indirect.com  InterNetNews  server INN 1.4 22-Dec-93
   ready
   head <DHLMvE.24H@goodnet.com>
   430
   Message  was  not  found  at  that  site,  so  it did not go thru that
   computer,  or  the  article has already expired or been deleted off of
   that news reader.
   If  you  wish  to track a particular phrase, user-id (whatever) take a
   look at the URL for getting all the posts pertaining to "X" :
   [90]http://groups.google.com/
   WWW IP Lookup URL's
   =============================
   [91]http://samspade.org/t/-  My  personal favorite.  All the tools you
   need on one page.
   [92]http://www.geektools.com/-  Does  lookups  at  all  of the servers
   (Arin, RIPE, APNIC, etc.)
   [93]http://www1.dshield.org/ipinfo.php- Look up IP address / complaint
   address for Denial of Service attacks.
   [94]http://andrew.triumf.ca/cgi-bin/spamalyzer.pl-  Check  and  see if
   the address is in one of the real time abuse databases.
    [95]http://cities.lk.net/trlist.html-  Traceroute Lists by States and
   Backbone Maps List
   [96]http://www.net.cmu.edu/cgi-bin/netops.cgi- Traceroute and ping
   Index to Traceroute pages:
   [97]http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Communications_and_Net
   working/Software/Networking/Utilities/Traceroute/
   [98]http://www.traceroute.org/
   SWITCH WHOIS Gateway:
   [99]http://www.switch.ch/search/whois_form.html
     Or
   [100]http://www.networksolutions.com/cgi-bin/whois/whois
   [101]http://www.ripe.net/perl/whois - European countries WhoIs
   [102]http://www.apnic.net/apnic-bin/whois.pl- Asian Pacific WhoIs
   [103]http://whois.nic.or.kr/- Korean WhoIs
   [104]http://www.arin.net/-  North  /  South America WhoIs (Upper Right
   Corner)
   IP  to  Lat  -  Lon (For those times when only a Tactical Nuke will do
   ;-)) :
   [105]http://cello.cs.uiuc.edu/cgi-bin/slamm/ip2ll/
   Yet Another IP to name:
   [106]http://cello.cs.uiuc.edu/cgi-bin/slamm/ip2name
   What do those domain names mean :
   [107]http://www.alldomains.com/alltlds.html
   [108]http://www.ics.uci.edu/pub/websoft/wwwstat/country-codes.txt-
   Country Codes for the last characters in a domain name
   Converting that IP to a name
   =============================
   When all you have is a number the looks like "204.183.126.181", and no
   computer  name,  then  you  have  to  figure out what the name of that
   computer    is.     Most    likely    if    you    complain    to    "
   postmaster@[204.183.126.181]  "  it  will  go  directly to the spammer
   themselves (if it goes anywhere at all).
   WhoIs or a traceroute will give you the upstream provider, complain to
   that organization.
   Marty reminds us that there are some "special" IP's that are allocated
   as  private  networks.   These  fall within the confines of 0.0.0.0 to
   255.255.255.255  but should be ignored.  If the number is greater than
   255 then it is faked.  The addresses are :
   Class  Start Address  End Address
     A     10.0.0.0     10.255.255.255
          127.0.0.0    127.255.255.255 - Loopback addresses
     B   172.16.0.0     172.31.255.255
     C  192.168.0.0    192.168.255.255
     D    224.0.0.0    239.255.255.255 - Multicast
     E    240.0.0.0    255.255.255.255 - Multicast
   For a full list of bogus IP addresses see:
   [109]http://www.cymru.com/Documents/bogon-dd.html
   [110]http://www.cymru.com/Documents/bogon-list.html
   And  a couple of other "mysterious" private IP addresses (that are not
   mentioned in any of *my* network books):
   169.254.0.0  - 169.254.255.255 - IPV4 Auto Configuration address range
   (Draft RFC)
   192.0.2.0 - 192.0.2.255
   See :
   [111]http://www.ja.net/CERT/JANET-CERT/prevention/cisco/private_addres
   ses.html
   First  off  try  using  NSLookup  (there  is  software for PC's, I use
   [112]http://samspade.org/t/  , put the address in the section "address
   digger",  click  on  WhoIs  IP  block  and Traceroute and click on "do
   stuff"  or  look  at  the  URL's  at  the bottom of this FAQ).  If the
   NSLookup  does  not  give you a name then try a Traceroute.  Somewhere
   you  will  get  a  "name"  and  at  that point I would complain to the
   postmaster@<that name>.  See below for complaint addresses.
   What to do with "strange" looking Web links
   ===========================================
   http://1%30%38%35%338%31%32%39%32/  has some %-encoded characters, but
   decoding those gives http://1085381292/
   1085381292   is   just   another   way   of  writing  the  IP  address
   64.177.154.172
   To convert a decimal number to a "dotted quad octet" :
   http://3438189385/yt/rotten1/
   You can put this "strange" number in at any of the following :
   [113]http://samspade.org/t/
   [114]http://www.webspawner.com/users/ipconverter
   URL Decode:
   [115]http://www.swishweb.com/dec.htm
   An example of a complex URL decode:
   [116]http://home.digital.net/~gandalf/URLDecode.txt
   If you look at the source HTML and you see the following then the spam
   has been encoded using Base64:
   Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
   To decode, just copy / paste everything below the above line and click
   "Decode" into:
   [117]http://david.carter-tod.com/base64/
   You will now have the HTML code.
   [118]http://www.netdemon.net/decode.html  -  This  CGI handles ALL the
   recent   types  of  spammer  tricks,  including  decimal,  octal,  hex
   addresses,  username/password  tricks,  hex  encoded  characters,  and
   redirectors.
   [119]http://www.netdemon.net/tools.html - All the tools.
   And you get an answer like:
   204.238.155.73
   You can try the "strange" number at :
   [120]http://www.abuse.net/cgi-bin/unpackit
   Kirk tells us wsftp and the traceroute that comes with wsftp will take
   those number and automatically translate them into the IP addresses.
   Or under Widows 95 :
    start --> Programs --> Accessories --> Calculator
   Choose view --> Scientific
   Put in the "strange" number (3438189385) and click on HEX.  You get:
   CCEE9B49
   Then  type  in  each  of the two characters in HEX and click DEC after
   each number:
   CC = 204
   EE = 238
   9B = 155
   49 =  73
   Viola ... Your IP is 204.238.155.73
   For more general funny URLs, like
   http://23123443~32:3758493879/www.samspade.org/10.00.0.1/xxxstuff.html
   , try [121]http://samspade.org/t/
   Or if that doesn't work, Andreas suggests:
   Something  like  following  does  NOT  work the obfuscated URL form at
   samspade  but  I  figured out that these can be typed into a html-file
   with a texteditor or in Netscape composer 6.x in the source-mode, than
   loading  or  switching  to  the  html  mode  will immediately show the
   decoded  characters,  should be an URL with a form mailer or something
   like "mailto:user@domain.nic"
   97;&#105;&#108;&#116;&#111;&#58;&#106;&#105;&#109;&#109;&#121;&#49;&#5
   2;&#52;&#48;&#50;&#48;&#48;&#
   If you get a strange URL like:
   http://www.nt.dahouc.mx^T^B^T^E^T.com|net.fr^B^E^T^B^T^E^T^T.ooooooooo
   ooooooooo.com:80/nt/dahouchy/
   Where the ^B = Control "B", ^T = Control "T", etc. you can look at the
   very end right before the first "/" to figure out what the site is, on
   this case it is oooooooooooooooooo.com, using port 80.  The rest of it
   is "decoded" by oooooooooooooooooo.com to give the "real" site name.
   For  MS  Windows  the  program  at  [122]http://www.netdemon.net/ will
   decode these with ease.
   If you are looking thru the HTML source and you get something like:
   <!--  CHANGE  EMAIL  ADDRESS  IN  ACTION  OF FORM --><FORM name="form"
   method="post"               action="&#109;&#97;&#105;&#108;&#116;&#111
   ;&#58;&#109;&#111;&#114;&#116;&#109;&#97
   ;&#105;&#108;&#54;&#64;&#121;&#97;&#104
   ;&#111;&#111;&#46;&#99;&#111;&#109;&#63
   ;&#115;&#117;&#98;&#106;&#101;&#99;&#116
   ;&#61;&#68;&#101;&#98;&#116;&#49;" enctype="text/plain"
   Then  take  the "funny" looking part and paste it into the "Obfuscated
   URLs" section of [123]http://samspade.org/t/ like so:
   http://&#109;&#97;&#105;&#108;&#116;&#111
   ;&#58;&#109;&#111;&#114;&#116;&#109;&#97
   ;&#105;&#108;&#54;&#64;&#121;&#97;&#104
   ;&#111;&#111;&#46;&#99;&#111;&#109;&#63
   ;&#115;&#117;&#98;&#106;&#101;&#99;&#116
   ;&#61;&#68;&#101;&#98;&#116;&#49
   And you get:
   http://mailto:mortmail6@yahoo.com?subject=Debt1
   So  then you send a complaint to yahoo.com asking them to delete their
   user mortmail6@yahoo.com.
   If the site is a IP address like "198.41.0.5", you can do a DNS lookup
   to  backtrack  the  site.  A DNS lookup or a host command (see example
   below)  uses  the  info in a Domain Name Server database.  This is the
   same info that is used for packet routing.  The UNIX command is :
   nslookup 198.41.0.5
   Commands:
   nslookup hostname dns_server
     or
   dig @dns_server hostname
   And you get :
   Name:    whois.arin.net
   Addresses:  198.41.0.5, 198.41.0.6
   If you are having problems with this, Josh suggests you try :
   $ nslookup
   Default Server:  digital.net
   Address:  198.69.104.2
   > set type=ptr
   > 181.126.183.204.in-addr.arpa
   Server:  digital.net
   Address:  198.69.104.2
   Non-authoritative answer:
   181.126.183.204.in-addr.arpa    name = kjl.com
   Authoritative answers can be found from:
   126.183.204.IN-ADDR.ARPA        nameserver = escape.com
   126.183.204.IN-ADDR.ARPA        nameserver = ns.uu.net
   escape.com      Internet address = 198.6.71.10
   ns.uu.net       Internet address = 137.39.1.3
   Looking up IP address ownership
   InterNIC  is  your  friend.  The  InterNIC  Registration Services Host
   contains  ONLY  Internet  Information  (Networks,  ASN's, Domains, and
   POC's).   Please  use  the  WhoIs  server  at  nic.ddn.mil  for MILNET
   Information.  Try :
   Bruce  tells us that there are three places where you can lookup an IP
   address,  being  the  current trinity of Regional Internet Registries.
   These RIRs are:
   Jeef  says  Geektools  will work out which one, as well as display the
   results.
   Asia and Pacific Rim: APNIC - Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
           whois.apnic.net
           [124]http://www.apnic.net/apnic-bin/whois.pl
    Americas  and  parts of Africa: ARIN - American Registry for Internet
   Numbers
           whois.arin.net
           [125]http://www.arin.net/cgi-bin/whois.pl
    Europe  and Surrounding Areas: RIPE NCC - Rseaux IP Europens, Network
   Coordination Centre
           whois.ripe.net
           [126]http://www.ripe.net/db/whois.html
   Under Unix, you can use:
       whois -h whois.arin.net 198.41.0.5
             or
       whois -h whois.apnic.net 198.41.0.5
             or
       whois -h whois.ripe.net 198.41.0.5
   Each  of  the  above  three  RIRs  may refer to one of the other RIRs.
   Please  do  not  send  complaints  to  any  of the RIRs as they merely
   provide  contact  information,  and  are not related in any way to the
   possible spammers.
   Dan  has said that the NIC technical contact is the address to contact
   if there is a technical problem with the name service records for that
   domain.   Sending  spam  notifications  to the zone tech contact is an
   abuse  of  the  NIC  WhoIs  records.   Sending to the admin contact is
   marginally  more justifiable, but should only be used after postmaster
   and  abuse  address has been tried.  Sending a complaint to all of the
   intermediate  sites  in a traceroute should *not* be done, these sites
   in  all  likelihood  cannot  do  anything  about the problem (with the
   exception of possibly the next to last site).
   For  domains  that have invalid contact information you should contact
   the appropriate RIR (see above)
   To see who the upstream provider is, try :
   traceroute ip30.abq-dialin.hollyberry.com
   You might get :
   traceroute to IP30.ABQ-DIALIN.HOLLYBERRY.COM (165.247.201.30), 30 hops
   max, 38 byte packets
    1  cpe2.Washington.mci.net (192.41.177.181)  190 ms  210 ms  120 ms
    2   borderx1-hssi2-0.Washington.mci.net  (204.70.74.101)  100 ms  100
   ms  60 ms
    3  core-fddi-0.Washington.mci.net (204.70.2.1)  180 ms  130 ms  70 ms
    4   core1-hssi-4.LosAngeles.mci.net  (204.70.1.177)   150  ms  140 ms
   150 ms
    5   core-hssi-4.Bloomington.mci.net  (204.70.1.142)   180  ms  200 ms
   180 ms
    6   border1-fddi-0.Bloomington.mci.net (204.70.2.130)  170 ms  290 ms
   240 ms
    7   internet-direct.Bloomington.mci.net  (204.70.48.30)   300 ms  210
   ms  270 ms
    8  165.247.70.1 (165.247.70.1)  180 ms  240 ms  180 ms
    9  abq-phx-gw1.indirect.com (165.247.202.253)  290 ms  220 ms  230 ms
   10  * * *
   The first column is the "hop" that traceroute is working on.  The next
   is  the  "computer"  (and  IP)  of the computer at that hop.  The last
   three  numbers are the milliseconds it took to get an answer from that
   computer.
   You  can  get  "codes"  instead  of the milliseconds.  An example of a
   "code" is the "* * *" for hop 10.
   Here is a list of the codes:
   ? Unknown packet type.
   H Host unreachable.
   N Network unreachable.
   P Protocol unreachable.
   Q Source quench.
   U Port unreachable.
   * The Traceroute Packet timed out (did not return to you).
   Chris  clarifies  that a '*' in actuality could be caused by a timeout
   OR  something  listening  on the UDP ports traceroute uses to get it's
   port  unreachables  back  from, to work, OR the router simply does not
   support  ICMP/UDP  unreachable  ports  and traceroute cannot determine
   it's status so it displays asterisks.
   Humm.....   Seems   that  after  abq-phx-gw1.indirect.com  we  get  no
   response, so *that* is who I would complain to... or you can just send
   a  message  to  postmaster@indirect.com  ... If that doesn't work then
   complain to MCI.net.
   JamBreaker sez : Be sure to let the traceroute go until the traceroute
   stops  after  30  hops  or  so.   A reply of "* * *" doesn't mean that
   you've  got  the  right  destination;  it  just  means that either the
   gateways  don't  send  ICMP "time exceeded" messages or that they send
   them with a TTL (time-to-live) too small to reach you.
   Try   DIG  (Domain Information Groper) (or one of its derivatives), it
   is used to search DNS records :
   [127]http://www.spacereg.com/a.rpl?m=dig
   [128]http://www.gulftech.org/webtools/webutil.pl?dig
   [129]http://tools.bintec.com/
   What DIG tells you:
   [130]http://home.att.net/~marjie1/Dig.htm
   yourhost> dig -x 38.11.185.89
   ; <<>> dig 2.0 <<>> -x
   ;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY , status: NOERROR, id: 6
   ;; flags: qr aa rd ra ; Ques: 1, Ans: 1, Auth: 3, Addit: 3
   ;; QUESTIONS:
   ;;      89.185.11.38.in-addr.arpa, type = ANY, class = IN
   ;; ANSWERS:
   89.185.11.38.in-addr.arpa.      86400   PTR
   ip89.albuquerque.nm.interramp.com.
   ;; AUTHORITY RECORDS:
   11.38.in-addr.arpa.     86400   NS      ns.psi.net.
   11.38.in-addr.arpa.     86400   NS      ns2.psi.net.
   11.38.in-addr.arpa.     86400   NS      ns5.psi.net.
   ;; ADDITIONAL RECORDS:
   ns.psi.net.     86400   A       192.33.4.10
   ns2.psi.net.    86400   A       38.8.50.2
   ns5.psi.net.    86400   A       38.8.5.2
   ;; Sent 1 pkts, answer found in time: 64 msec
   ;; FROM: (yourhostname) to SERVER: default -- (yourDNSip)
   ;; WHEN: Thu Nov 16 23:30:42 1995
   ;; MSG SIZE  sent: 43  rcvd: 216
   Getting a World Wide Web page busted
   ====================================
   Many spammers use throw away accounts, accounts that they know will be
   deleted  as  soon  as  the  service  gets  a complaint.  Of course the
   spammers  mentality  is "if it is free it is for me to abuse".  If the
   spammer  really  annoyed  you then you might wish to dig and get every
   account  possible  deleted.  What you need to do is actually go to the
   WWW  page  that  they advertise, look at the page and usually the page
   will  redirect  you  to  another  site  (or  possibly  redirect 2 or 3
   times).  Send a complaint to these sites (with the original spam).  It
   is important to explain to the site you are complaining to how you got
   to their site so that they don't ignore you.
   In  Netscape  and  Explorer there is an option to "view source".  This
   will  pop  up  a page with all of the http source from the page.  This
   page will have all of the "links" to the next site.
   If  you  look  at  the  http  source  and  it  is  unreadable (and sez
   "Haywyre"), take a look at :
   [131]http://www.netdemon.net/haywyre/
   There are spammers out there that actually have a clue.  They use open
   Web  Proxies  to reroute their web page to another location.  When you
   do  a ping of a web site, the ping is of the open web proxy.  The open
   web  proxy  then  redirects  you  when it gets the request for the web
   page.  A complete technical explanation can be found at:
   [132]http://www.google.com/groups?selm=3ee16105$1_2@nntp2.nac.net
   Another  thing  spammers  do is to abuse free WWW services to set up a
   web  page that is encoded with Java script so that you cannot see what
   the  html  looks  like.  The spammer then redirects the information to
   their "real" site.
   [133]http://www.spamsites.org/decode.html  tells us that to decode the
   Java  script  and complain to the people that are actually hosting the
   spammers, set up a bookmark called "Decode Javascript" and set the URL
   (thanks  to  Code by Kicken) as the below, the code is all on one very
   long line:
   javascript:h=document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].innerHTML;functi
   on disp(h){h=h.replace(/</g,
   '\n&lt;');h=h.replace(/>/g,'&gt;');document.getElementsByTagName('body
   ')[0].innerHTML='<pre>&lt;html&gt;'+h.replace(/(\n|\r)+/g,'\n')+'&lt;/
   html&gt;</pre>';}void(disp(h));
   Your  computer  may  take  a  while  to  decode  all the Java, just be
   patient.
   Usenet complaint addresses
   ============================================
   O.K...  So you have a common site that you can complain to.  Good.  If
   you  cannot  figure  out where the message came from, you can post the
   FULL  HEADERS  (this  is  *very*  important  for tracing) to alt.spam,
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc,        news.admin.net-abuse.email        or
   news.admin.net-abuse.usenet  (see  the section entitled Reporting Spam
   and  tracing  a  posted message).  Usually you can get someone to help
   with the message.
   If  you complain (or asked to be removed) to the spammer directly, you
   may just be confirming a "real" live e-mail address, which may lead to
   even  more  junk  e-mail.  I would suggest complaining to the owner of
   the  site  only.  You can send e-mail to foo.bar.com@abuse.net  (where
   foo.bar.com  is  the  provider you are complaining to) and it will get
   forwarded to the "best" e-mail address.. See
   [134]http://www.abuse.net/
   I used to post a long list of abuse addresses in the alt.spam FAQ, but
   the abuse.net lookup is much better, in fact it is the way that I look
   up  abuse  addresses.   Look  up the abuse address of the ISP that you
   think the spammer is a customer:
   [135]http://abuse.net/lookup.phtml
   There is a list of admins to contact:
   [136]http://personalpages.tds.net/~slambo/spamreports.htm
   Greg  reminds  us  that if you are complaining to a postmaster about a
   week-old  post,  don't  bother.   It's not on their server, they can't
   verify  it.   Make sure you use terms correctly.  A recent trend is to
   call  any  off-topic post "spam".  It's not.  I deal with spammers and
   off-topic  or  advertising  posters  differently.   Other providers do
   also.  Also, try to keep the clutter in your complaints down.  I don't
   need  a copy of the referenced RFC or statute.  It doesn't help either
   of us if I can't find your complaint in between all the mumbo jumbo.
   From  :  David  Jackson  [137](djackson@aol.net)  (and this applies to
   *any* abuse) :
   To    report    an   instance   of   USENET   abuse   send   mail   to
   [138]tosusenet@aol.com - please remember to include a complete copy of
   the  USENET  article,  including all headers, to help us quickly quash
   the abuse.
   Scott reminds us :
   It  might  also  be  a  good  idea to remind people that sometimes the
   postmaster _is_ the spammer. Joe Spam might have his own domain (since
   they  _used_ to be free) inside of which they are the postmaster. This
   is terrifyingly common with net.twits (kooks, etc.) but seems rare for
   spam.  A quick note that if the spammer is the admin contact in WhoIs,
   notifying the postmaster will surely generate laughs on their end.
   In the letter to the postmaster, you might wish to mention Joel's very
   good FAQ about advertising on the Internet :
   [139]http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/usenet/advertising/how-to/p
   art1.html
   [140]http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/usenet/adverti
   sing/how-to/part1/faq.html
   One  company that was suckered in by a bulk e-mail company received 35
   responses  to  the  addresses  in the body of the message, and 100% of
   them  were negative. Additionally the ISP that hosted them received 15
   complaints  asking for them to terminate their service. UUNet received
   50+ complaints about this UCE.
   And where they *should* advertise :
   [141]http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/finding-groups/general.html
   [142]http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jmm/papers.html#efi - Economic FAQ
   about the Internet
   If  you  don't  get  a  proper response from the postmaster, remember,
   WhoIs  -  rs.internic.net  is  your  friend.  See  the section labeled
   "Converting that IP to a name" for more information on InterNIC.
   This  *should*  get  you  a  person to talk to & their personal e-mail
   address.  If you don't get any response from that postmaster, then you
   should try the provider to that site. This gets a little trickier, but
   a traceroute should show you the upstream provider, and from there you
   can try contacting the postmasters of *that* site.
   Any  non-profit  organization (like a University) should be very happy
   to  help  get  rid  of  a  spammer.   If  the non-profit organizations
   resources  are  being  used  to spam a for-profit business the IRS can
   take  their  non-profit  status away. Talk to the legal council at the
   non-profit  organization if you don't get a positive response from the
   postmaster.
   Worst case, a site can be UDP (Usenet Death Penalty) out so that other
   sites  stop accepting news or even e-mail from that site. They are cut
   off  from the net. Decisions like this are discussed in the news group
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc .
   If  the  spammer site has problems trying to figure out where the spam
   came   from,   they  can  *always*  get  help  from  the  denizens  of
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc,  but  have  them  take a look at their logs
   first  and  see  if  they  see  something  like  (Thanks  to help from
   Michael):
   My news logs (for INND) are:
   $ cd /usr/log/news
   $ ls
   OLD                expire.log         news.err           unwanted.log
   errlog             news               news.notice
   expire.list        news.crit          nntpsend.log
   and here is my syslog.conf:
   ## news stuff
   news.crit               /usr/log/news/news.crit
   news.err                /usr/log/news/news.err
   news.notice             /usr/log/news/news.notice
   news.info               /usr/log/news/news
   news.debug              /usr/log/news/news.debug
   but,  what  they  need to remember, is they HAVE TO LOOK QUICK!.  INND
   expire puts all these logs in OLD, and recycles them, and expires them
   at the 7th day (and gzips them), i.e., OLD/:
   ls -l news.?.*
   -r--r-----  1 news      news         181098 May 23 06:26 news.1.gz
   ...
   -r--r-----  1 news      news         319343 May 17 06:29 news.7.gz
   so... to grep an old log looking for sfa.ufl.edu:
   (the {nn} is how many days ago, 1 is yesterday, 2 is 2 days ago, etc)
   cd {log/OLD}
   gunzip -c news.1.gz | grep sfa.ufl.edu | more
   Viruses / Trojans / Spyware
   ===========================
   If  you  do  not have anti-virus software loaded on your computer *or*
   you  do  not have the latest and greatest virus definitions then run -
   do  not  walk  -  to  the  closest  software  store and buy the latest
   anti-virus software or download the latest definitions if you have the
   software and haven't updated the definitions lately.
   The grief you will have if you are infected with a virus is many times
   the grief of loading and maintaining anti-virus software.
   More  and more viruses propagate thru e-mail.  If your friends machine
   is  infected you can receive a virus from them because the virus sends
   a  copy  of  itself to you (the virus send itself to everybody in your
   friends  address book).  DO NOT open attachments even if they are from
   someone  you  know unless you are ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN the attachment is
   virus free.
   [143]http://www.incidents.org/react/avinfo.php  -  Online  scanning of
   your hard drive and reporting viruses
   If  you  think  that you have received a virus in an e-mail, there are
   some  online scanning tools that will scan for the latest and greatest
   viruses:
   [144]http://housecall.trendmicro.com/
   [145]http://www.commandondemand.com/
   [146]http://security1.norton.com/us/intro.asp?venid=sym&langid=us
   You  can submit the virus to your choice in anti-virus vendors, please
   take  a  look  at  their  site  to  see  if  they  have any particular
   submission instructions:
   "Command AntiVirus" [147]virus@commandcom.com
   [148]http://www.commandcom.com/virus/think_you_have_a_virus.html
   "Computer Associates" [149]virus@cai.com
   [150]http://www3.ca.com/virusinfo/
   "F-Secure" [151]samples@F-Secure.com
   "Kaspersky AntiVirus" [152]newvirus@kaspersky.com
   [153]http://www.avp.ru/
   "Network Associates" [154]virus_research@nai.com
   [155]http://www.mcafeeb2b.com/naicommon/avert/avert-research-center/su
   bmit-sample.asp
   "SARC" [156]avsubmit@symantec.com
   [157]http://www.sarc.com/avcenter/submit.html
   "Trend Micro" [158]virus_doctor@trendmicro.com
   [159]http://www.antivirus.com/vinfo/trendlabs/submit.htm
   A  Trojan  is a program that you are tricked into executing that has a
   devious  purpose.  You run a small game that (in reality) loads itself
   onto  your  computer  to allow someone else to get into your computer.
   Most anti-virus programs *should* protect against this. See:
   PestPatrol Glossary
   [160]http://www.safersite.com/PestInfo/G/Glossary.asp
   PestPatrol White Paper: About RATs (Remote Admin Trojans)
   [161]http://www.safersite.com/Support/About/About_Rats.asp
   [162]http://www.pestpatrol.com/whitepapers/Comparison/Product_Details.
   asp
   Also see "A Comparison of Pest Detecting Tools" at:
   [163]http://www.pestpatrol.com/Whitepapers/Comparison/Index.asp
   Spyware  is  software  that  tracks  what  you do at your computer and
   reports  that  information  via  the Internet back to the company that
   wrote  the  software  . Depending on how paranoid you are and how much
   you  want  companies  to  know  what  you are doing, you might wish to
   remove this software from your computer:
   [164]http://grc.com/optout.htm
   Scanning for Spyware:
   [165]http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=technologyNews&stor
   yID=4306576
   There  are  companies  spamming  (and  ostensibly making money) off of
   Trojan  programs.   They  tell  customers  they  can  spy on children,
   spouses,  employees, etc (which is, by the way, illegal in the USA and
   many countries):
   "Spy on Anyone by sending them an Email-Greeting Card!
   Spy  Software  records  their  emails, Hotmail, Yahoo, Outlook, ACTUAL
   Computer Passwords, Chats, Keystrokes, PLUS MORE."
   Last  (and best) a program that gets rid of many (but not all Trojans)
   of the above nuisances :
   [166]http://security.kolla.de/ - Spybot Search And Destroy
   Fraud on the Internet and The MMF (Make Money Fast) Posts
   ================================================================
   There are many hoaxes and frauds on the Internet. No different than RL
   (Real Life).
   You  must  be  very  careful  of  any e-mail that you receive.  If the
   e-mail  is  asking  for  any account and password there is a very good
   chance that this is a fraud.  The fraud artist is trying to get you to
   divulge information to them that they should not know.  Never click on
   a link that says anything about updating your account.  There are ways
   that  the  links  you  click  on  "look"  like  they are pointing to a
   legitimate  site  but  in  reality are pointing to the fraud site that
   looks  JUST  LIKE the real site.  If you are worried that your account
   may  need  updating,  go  to your browser and type in the site name by
   hand and then look at your account.  See :
   [167]http://www.computerworld.com/newsletter/0,4902,88583,00.html?nlid
   =SEC2
   Also see:
   [168]http://www.computerworld.com/printthis/2004/0,4814,89096,00.html
   And Suing spammers for fraud:
   [169]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2004/0105sec2.html
   Anti-Phishing Working Group ( [170]http://www.anti-phishing.org ) is a
   coalition of financial institutions, ISPs and online retailers.  Visit
   their  website  for the latest Phishing scams that are trying to steal
   accounts, etc.
   Many  of  the  different  organizations  are  creating pages to report
   fraud.  For example CitiBank has a page:
   [171]http://www.citi.com/domain/spoof/report_abuse.htm
   And USbank:
   [172]http://www.usbank.com/cgi_w/cfm/promo/personal/fraud_email_info_a
   nd_help.cfm
   Donna tells us If you would like to see a safe sample of this mischief
   visit:
   [173]http://www.zapthedingbat.com/security/ex01/vun1.htm
   Examples of the e-mails that I have received that are fraud or viruses
   purport  that  they  are  from  E-Bay,  PayPal,  Amazon,  Earthlink, a
   multitude  of  banks  and from Microsoft.  An example of the URL (that
   looked like it was from Earthlink) and how it was decoded can be found
   at:
   [174]http://home.digital.net/~gandalf/URLDecode.txt
   In  addition  some  of  these  fraud artists are targeting technically
   unsophisticated  office  workers  claiming  they have control over the
   workers  computer (when they really don't), or that they will get them
   in  trouble  by  putting pornography on their computer unless they pay
   them :
   [175]http://www.computerworld.com/newsletter/0,4902,88623,00.html?nlid
   =PM
   A  partnership  of  the National Association of Attorneys General, the
   Federal Trade Commission and The National Consumers League :
   [176]http://www.fraud.org/
   Call 1-800-876-7060 or fill out an on-line scam sheet:
   [177]http://www.fraud.org/info/repoform.htm
   [178]http://www.ifccfbi.gov/ - Internet Fraud Complaint Center
   [179]http://www.ifccfbi.gov/strategy/howtofile.asp  -  How  to  file a
   complaint  -  "It is important that you keep any evidence you may have
   related to your complaint"
   [180]http://www.ifccfbi.gov/cf1.asp - File a complaint
   [181]http://www.junkemail.org/scamspam/     -     FTC    ScamSpam    -
   [182]uce@ftc.gov
   [183]http://www.gcn.com/21_9/top-stories/18494-1.html  - An article on
   what the FTC is doing to stop scams
   [184]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/dotcon/index.html  FTC Scam
   Page
   [185]http://www.infoworld.com/article/03/05/15/HNftcspammer_1.html   -
   The FTC goes against spammers
   [186]http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/cybercrime/s
   tory/0,10801,78551,00.html?SKC=cybercrime-78551  -  Internet  fraud is
   expanding.   Spam  has  been sent out with fake sites that "look" like
   real sites to steal credit card information, etc.
   [187]http://www.acidics.com/  -  How  all  the MMF, envelope stuffing,
   paid  to  surf, read e-mail, etc scams work.  That is work for the con
   artists.  You (of course) lose money.
   The Better Business Bureau has a web site at:
   [188]http://www.bbb.org
   Hoaxes and scams :
   [189]http://directory.google.com/Top/Society/Issues/Fraud/
   [190]http://HoaxBusters.ciac.org/
   [191]http://www.scambusters.com/
   [192]http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,39298,00.html  - A scam
   if you download a program you may pay $250 in telephone charges.
   [193]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00680235.html      -
   Article on Chain e-mail, pyramid schemes, fraud
   National Criminal Justice Reference Service has a site on White Collar
   Crimes and what to do if you are a victim.  Under More Issues:
   [194]http://virlib.ncjrs.org/MoreIssues.asp
   Click on White Collar Crime:
   [195]http://virlib.ncjrs.org/more.asp?category=51=152
   Virus updates, scams and hoaxes:
   From Security Wire Digest (
   [196]http://www.infosecuritymag.com/digest_intro.shtml )
   MTX-TESTING E-MAIL SCAMS USERS
   A  scam  artist  has been making money off gullible users by sending a
   virus  alert  about testing for the MTX Worm. The e-mail advises users
   to  call  a  900  number, which costs $2.69 per minute, for a recorded
   message that instructs users to visit three antivirus Web sites--sites
   that  provide AV definitions free of charge. Always check virus alerts
   and  possible  hoaxes  against  hoax web sites or legitimate antivirus
   authorities, such as Sophos, Trend Micro and TruSecure.
   [197]http://www.vmyths.com
   [198]http://www.sophos.com
   [199]http://www.trendmicro.com
   [200]http://www.trusecure.com
   In the United States :
   The   U.S.   Securities   and  Exchange  Commission  web  page  (stock
   solicitations,  stock  manipulation by sending out spam after buying a
   stock  to  get  others  to  buy  the  stock  and  increase  the price)
   [201]http://www.sec.gov/enforce/comctr.htm or Email:
   [202]enforcement@sec.gov
   [203]http://www.sec.gov/answers/pumpdump.htm - Pump and Dump tips
   [204]http://www.sec.gov/news/headlines/netfraud.htm - SEC prosecutions
   Net Securities scam: Report to [205]cyberfraud@nasaa.org
   The Food and Drug Administration :
   [206]http://www.fda.gov/opacom/backgrounders/problem.html
   Medical Items:
   US Food and Drug Administration - MedWatch - [207]Medwatch@OC.FDA.GOV
   I  sent  Medwatch  a  spam  about a "miracle fat removing creme" and I
   received the following, so for non-prescribed drugs I guess you report
   to the following:
   Thank you for your comments. The office of MedWatch does not look into
   this  type of complaint. This information may be given directly to FDA
   via the web. Please go to [208]http://www.fda.gov.
   Buying Medical Products Online -
   [209]http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2000/100_online.html
   Notifying FDA about problem Web Sites -
   [210]http://www.fda.gov/oc/buyonline/default.htm
   Make  Money  Fast  is  a  pyramid (or Ponzi) scheme where you are in a
   chain  of  people  wherein  you  send money to a few people and try to
   recruit  others  to  send  money to you. Basically if it even remotely
   smells  like  a  MMF  scheme  it is illegal (even tho' many of the MMF
   schemes  "claim"  to have been looked at by a lawyer or checked by the
   United States Postal Authorities).
   For a list of countries where Make Money Fast is illegal see :
   [211]http://www.stopspam.org/usenet/mmf/mmf_table.html
   [212]http://www.stopspam.org/usenet/mmf/
   Please,  only report MMFs in news.admin.net-abuse.misc if they're spam
   and  you've seen it in lots of groups and / or the postmaster/user are
   defiantly stupid.
   MMFs  should  be  reported  to  the  user and their postmaster and the
   following :
   Where to send complaints to in Australia:
   Ministry of Fair Trading
   P O Box 6355
   EAST PERTH 6536
   The applicable Canadian description can be found at :
   [213]http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/scams/scams_e.htm
   Specifically [214]http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/scams/pyramid_e.htm
   And    from    the   Canadian   Department   of   Justice   server   (
   [215]http://canada.justice.gc.ca/ ):
   STATUTES  OF  CANADA, C, Competition - PART VI OFFENSES IN RELATION TO
   COMPETITION - Definition of "scheme of pyramid selling" - Section 55.1
   EXTRACT FROM THE CANADIAN CRIMINAL CODE
   Chain-letters
   206.  (1)  Every  one is guilty of an indictable offense and liable to
   imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years who . . .
   Pyramid Schemes
   55.1 (1) For the purposes of this section, "scheme of pyramid selling"
   means a multi-level marketing plan whereby ...
   Norway  - Sylfest tells us Norwegians should report these via email to
   the  national taskforce on economical crime, the �KOKRIM by forwarding
   the mail with full headers to: < desken@okokrim.no >
   United Kingdoms:
   Consumer Affairs and Competition Policy Directorate 2
   Department of Trade and Industry, 1 Victoria Street, London, SW1H 0ET
   Tel: 0171 215 0344
   Have a booklet called 'The Trading Schemes Guide' which is very useful
   indeed and explains the UK legal details on these things,
   In  the  United  States, you should write the Federal Trade Commission
   Ms. Broder
   (  [216]bbroder@ftc.gov  ).  For  more  info  on  pyramid  schemes use
   [217]pyramid@ftc.gov
   [218]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2002/0212antispam.html?net - Federal
   Trade Commission is cracking down on illegal spam
   To find your nearest postal inspector in the USA, see URL
   [219]http://www.usps.gov/ncsc/locators/find-is.html
   California MMF law :
   [220]http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/calawquery?codesection=pen&code
   body=endless
   Another  type  of  fraud  is  one  where  the spammer sends out a HTML
   message with a message / URL link that says "try a new game". When you
   click  on  the  URL  there is nothing related to the original message.
   What the spammer has (at the very least) done is gotten some money for
   himself  by  you  clicking  on  his "click to pay" URL. Worst case the
   spammer  may  have  taken advantage of a security hole in your browser
   and  done  something  nefarious.  Bottom  line,  do  not  click on the
   spammers  URL,  look  at  the  e-mail  and  complain  to  the upstream
   provider.
   And  just  when you thought that the spammers had reached new lows you
   get  a  spam  from  Word-of-Mouth.Org  or WordofMouthConnection.com or
   womc.net  (as  the  scam gets reported I am sure they will continue to
   change their name).  They purport:
   "An  acquaintance  of your's recently shared their experience with you
   in  our  online  community, Word-of-Mouth.Org. It could be a friend, a
   family member, co-worker, business associate, or someone else you have
   run into at some time.
   Why are we sending you this email?
   When  people  find  out others are talking about them -- whether it is
   good  or  bad  --  they  want  to  know. At Word-of-Mouth.Org, we feel
   responsible  to  alert  people so they have an opportunity to find out
   what is being said."
   When  you  go  to the site to find out what is being said, all you can
   find  out for "free" is that your e-mail address is in their database.
   To  find  out  exactly  what  is  going on you have to "join" (and, of
   course,  pay a fee).  After you pay mysteriously your report cannot be
   found.  See:
   [221]http://groups.google.com/groups?q=word-of-mouth+scam
   (Look at the news.admin.net-abuse.email posts)
   Also See:
   [222]http://www.snopes.com/computer/internet/wordofmouth.asp
   And:
   [223]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/0901sec1.html
   Yet  another  fraud  arrives  via e-mail with a subject of "Pre Action
   Warning."  addressed  to  "Dear  Sir"  (didn't even know my name).  It
   specifically stated:
   "I  am  writing  to you in connection with you debt that you have with
   our company, Due to inflation and other factors outside of my control,
   your  debts have exceeded       $1100.94 (one thousand one hundred and
   ninety  four  cents)  I  regret  to inform you that we are pushing for
   legal action against your person.
   We  will offer you the opportunity to pay your debt. within the next 7
   business  days, if you fail to comply, our partners, hold the right to
   litigate on behalf of our organization."
   The E-Mail went on to state that I could send Banking details, Banking
   Authorization, etc.  Even better it stated:
   "CONFIDENTIALITY  NOTICE:  E-mail may contain confidential information
   that is legally privileged. Do not read this e-mail if you are not the
   intended recipient. This e-mail transmission, and any documents, files
   or  previous  e-mail  messages attached to it may contain confidential
   and  proprietary  information  that is legally privileged.  If you are
   not  the intended recipient, or a person responsible for delivering it
   to   the   intended  recipient,  you  are  hereby  notified  that  any
   disclosure,  copying,  distribution  or  use of any of the information
   contained in or attached to this transmission is STRICTLY PROHIBITED."
   These  are  all scare tactics trying to get you to give them money and
   not report this to someone else.  I (of course) immediately complained
   to  [224]uce@ftc.gov  and the two providers linked to this fraud (with
   the  entire  e-mail  message  and headers).  You don't owe money; they
   just  want  to  make you think so.  When you get any e-mail that tells
   you  to  give  someone money because they say you owe it, don't do it.
   Trust me, if they want the money bad enough they won't be using e-mail
   to collect.
   Another  fraud  (Bad English and all �) to try and get you to send the
   spammer your credit card purports:
   "We  have  just  charged your credit card for money laundry service in
   amount  of $234.65 (because you are either child pornography webmaster
   or  deal  with  dirty money, which require us to laundry them and then
   send to your checking account).
   If  you  feel this transaction was made by our   mistake, please press
   "No".
   If  you confirm this transaction, please press  "Yes"  and fill in the
   form below.
   Enter your credit card number here:
   Enter  your credit card expiration date: "
   As  always  be a cynic when receiving unsolicited e-mails.  The frauds
   are getting more and more complex.
   Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud
   ============================
   Robert Heinlein has a saying "TANSTAAFL" (There Ain't No Such Thing As
   A Free Lunch).  If it looks too good, it probably is.
   There  is a fraud promising you millions of dollars from a "government
   official"  (or  Widow,  or  son  of a widow, etc.) in Nigeria (or some
   other  small  country) with a "secret" bank account, but all they need
   to transfer the money to you is:
   (a)Your Company's Name and Address
   (b)Your full Name(s), Telephone, and Fax numbers (Private and Company)
   (c)Your  Bank  Name, Address, Account number, Telex and swift code (if
   any).
   This  is the start of the Nigerian AFF (Advance Fee Fraud).  A summary
   is  that they ask for you to "help" pay some fees that are required to
   get  the  money  out of the country, then they try to get you to go to
   Nigeria (or a bordering country) to meet.
   At  this  point  they  try to get you into the country without a visa,
   promising  that they will get you a visa.  At that point they have you
   under  their control since you are in Nigeria without a visa (no, they
   never  got  you  a  visa)  and  they  start  intimidation (physical or
   otherwise) trying to get money from you.
   According  to  the  Department  Of State in publication 10465 (release
   April  1997) "15 foreign businessmen (one American) have been murdered
   in Nigeria AFF scams".
   The Advanced Fee Frauds can also take the form of:
   Disbursement of money from wills
   Contract fraud (C.O.D. of goods or services)
   Purchase of real estate
   Conversion of hard currency
   Transfer of funds from over invoiced contracts
   Sale of crude oil at below market prices
   To see the details of this fraud:
   [225]http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,53818,00.html   -  Short
   Version - Meet the Nigerian E-Mail Grifters
   [226]http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/2189.pdf - The longer
   detailed version, Department Of State Publication 10465
   Send scams to [227]419.fcd@usss.treas.gov (Put No Monetary Loss in the
   header if you haven't lost any money)
   Also see:
   [228]http://www.secretservice.gov/alert419.shtml
   [229]http://www.fbi.gov/majcases/fraud/fraudschemes.htm
   [230]http://www.computerworld.com/softwaretopics/software/story/0,1080
   1,69562,00.html
   [231]http://www.nigerianfraudwatch.org/
   [232]http://home.rica.net/alphae/419coal/news1998.htm
   [233]http://home.rica.net/alphae/419coal/  -  How  to  contact  the US
   Gov't about this scheme
   [234]http://www.scambusters.org/NigerianFee.html - How the fraud works
   [235]http://www.cbintel.com/nigeriafraud.htm
   [236]http://www.scamorama.com/  - The Nigerian Scammers - Can you scam
   a scammer?
   [237]http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/cybercrime/s
   tory/0,10801,80200,00.html?nas=AM-80200 - The Nigerian Fraud continues
   to claim victims
   [238]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/0224sec1.html  - Two
   more scams, one like Nigeria scam, one demanding money you don't owe
   [239]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/1013sec1.html  -  M.
   E.  Kabay  talks  about  scams  that  allege you have won a lottery in
   Europe.   M.  E.  Kabay  mentions "it�s illegal for a U.S. resident to
   participate  in  a  foreign  lottery".  Again, if it looks too good it
   probably is
   Hoaxes
   =====
   Lat  but  certainly not least there are many hoaxes circulating around
   the  internet.  For example there is a letter circulating about "dying
   boy wants postcards" (Craig Shergold) which is no longer true. Same as
   with the Blue Star LSD addicting children hoax. See Urban Folklore FAQ
   at :
   [240]http://www.urbanlegends.com/classic/craig.shergold/craig_nyt.html
   [241]http://www.urbanlegends.com/classic/blue.star.tattoos/blue_star_l
   sd_faq.html
   A complete Urban Legends listings (It is big) :
   [242]http://www.urbanlegends.com/afu.faq/index.html
   Some other hoax pages:
   [243]http://www.pfir.org/statements/hoaxes - Why hoaxes are damaging
   [244]http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/hoax.html - Symantec Hoax Page
   [245]http://chekware.com/hoax/ - Scams and hoaxes page
   [246]http://kumite.com/myths/myths
   [247]http://hoaxbusters.ciac.org/ - Hoaxes / Chain Letters
   [248]http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/nothing/billgate.asp  -  All  about
   the  Bill  Gates  Hoax chain letter that was followed by a hoax letter
   from  The  Gap,  Bath  & Body Works, Old Navy, Abercrombie & Fitch and
   probably just about any company you can imagine.
   [249]http://www.vmyths.com - Virus Myths
   [250]http://www.hoaxkill.com  -  Look on the site and see if an e-mail
   is  a  hoax  and  if  you  can't  find  it  forward  your  e-mails  to
   [251]hoaxcheck@hoaxkill.com and they will look at it for you. If it is
   a  hoax  send  it  to  [252]hoaxkill@hoaxkill.com and they will notify
   everyone in the e-mail that the message is a hoax
   [253]http://www.faqs.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq/scams/ - Hoaxes and Scams
   My usual response goes something like:
   (Quote part of the hoax)
   Hi! My name is Janelle McCan, Founder of the Gap. I am offering
   thirty five dollar gift certificates to every seven people you send
   this to.
   If  you  ever  get  an  e-mail  that  tells you to forward it to other
   people,  it is *almost certainly* a hoax. Specifically if it tells you
   about  a  "new virus" or free money. Before you send it along *please*
   look  it  up  by  going to [254]http://www.google.com and typing words
   from  the  e-mail into the search line, like (in this example) and the
   word hoax:
   Gap gift certificates e-mail hoax
   Sorry. This is a hoax. See:
   [255]http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/nothing/billgate.htm
   Plus,  if  the  Gap  could  trace  your  e-mails,  don't you think the
   Government could do the same and wouldn't that make you worry *just* a
   bit? Not that they aren't trying, see:
   [256]http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/stories/story/0,10738,2606926,00.
   html
   But  anyway,  there are no free Gap certificates, no free $1,000 bills
   from Microsoft or any free trips to Disney. Sorry.
   PLEASE  read  about  the  Gullibility  Virus.  This  is  a  very funny
   editorial  to  be  passed along to your friends who send you all these
   kinds of hoaxes :
   [257]http://www.virtualsalt.com/warning.htm
   end of hoax message
   There  has  been  some  discussion that such things should be canceled
   because  they  exceed  the BI 20 index. They are untrue and they waste
   bandwidth.
     Open system spammers love
   ================================
   FormMail is a free program used by many legitimate sites to glean data
   submitted  via online forms. Last year, a vulnerability was discovered
   in  the  FormMail.pl  gateway  that  allows  external users to run the
   program.  As  a  result,  unsecured FormMail installations have become
   favored targets with junk emailers.
   Many  of  the  viruses  circulating  now  leave  "back doors" into the
   computers  that  they  infect.   Armed  with the knowledge of the back
   door,  spammers  hijack  the computer and use the hijacked computer to
   send out their spam.
   Of course open SMTP servers are ALWAYS the computer of choice to blast
   a few million e-mails out with.
   Bottom  line,  the  owner  of  the computer is responsible for keeping
   their  computer secure.  Complain to the upstream provider about their
   customer  and get the computer disconnected from the network until the
   problems can be corrected.
   Filtering E-Mail BlackMail, procmail or News with Gnus
   =======================================================
   Filtering  with  BlackMail.  This  is  free  software  that works with
   Mailers  Smail,  Sendmail,  Qmail  or  Fetchmail  under the OSes: Aix,
   various BSD, Irix, Linux, NeXTStep 3.x, Solaris, SunOs, SVR4:
   [258]http://www.jsm-net.demon.co.uk/blackmail/blackmail.html - Written
   by Ken Hollis (Not me ...) and maintained by James Murray
   Or
   [259]http://www.jsm-net.demon.co.uk/blackmail/source
   Get the procmail FAQ :
   [260]http://www.ii.com/internet/faqs/launchers/mail/filtering-faq/
   or
   [261]http://www.best.com/~ii/internet/faqs/launchers/mail/filtering-fa
   q/
   [262]http://www.ii.com/internet/robots/
   or
   [263]http://www.best.com/~ii/internet/robots/
   Procmail ruleset :
   [264]http://www.impsec.org/email-tools/procmail-security.html
   Or read about it when it is posted to :
   Newsgroups:   comp.mail.misc   ,   comp.mail.elm  ,  comp.mail.pine  ,
   comp.answers , news.answers
   Subject: Filtering Mail FAQ
   Bob  tells me that Eudora Pro has a good filtering capability. You can
   filer  based  on  who  you send e-mail to, known spammers, etc. Enough
   filters  and  you  may see hardly any Spam. Claris E-Mailer, likewise,
   has a filter option.
   Brian has a Gnus scorefile from the Internet blacklist :
   [265]http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/edmonds/usenet/gnus/BLACKLIST
   Or his example global scorefile :
   [266]http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/edmonds/usenet/gnus/SCORE
   Many  news  readers  have a "kill" file that will filter out the posts
   from either a certain user-id, or posts with certain titles. Each news
   reader  is unique. You might wish to read the help file on the subject
   of kill files.
   Columnist Al Fasoldt suggests a method for filtering your own e-mail:
   [267]http://www.twcny.rr.com/technofile/texts/bit121901.html
   Rejecting E-Mail from domains that continue to Spam
   ====================================================
   Spamfilter can be found at:
   [268]http://www.samiam.org/spam/index.html
   See Sendmail site: [269]http://www.sendmail.org/
   Ask  your  admin to add the following to their sendmail.cf.  This will
   reject  all mail that continues to come in from domains that only send
   out spam.  This is a group effort from many admins :
   Modify your sendmail.cf in the following way.
   1. Setup a hash table with the domains you wish to block:
   # Bad domains (spam kings)
   FK/etc/mailspamdomains
   2.  Add the following rules to S98 (be sure that there are three lines
   (i.e.  the  lines are not split up) and be sure to put a TAB character
   between the $* and the $#error, not a space) :
   ### Spam blockage
   R$*  <  @$*$=K  . > $*       $#error $@ 5.1.3 $: "Your domain has been
   blocked due to spam problems.  Contact your administrator."
   R$*  <  @$*$=K > $*          $#error $@ 5.1.3 $: "Your domain has been
   blocked due to spam problems.  Contact your administrator."
   3. Make your hash table.  Here is a very small example :
   moneyworld.com
   globalfn.com
   Mail  that  comes  in  from  any  of these domains will be returned to
   sender  with  the  error.   If the sender is bogus, it will bother the
   postmaster at the bad domain in an appropriate manner.
   Keep  in  mind  that  *ALL*  email from these domains will be blocked.
   This  is  really  only  a  good solution for domains that are setup by
   spammers  for  spamming.  Blocking something like aol.com, although it
   may  seem  initially  attractive,  would cause problems for legitimate
   users  of  email  in  that  domain.   Compile  your list after careful
   verification that these domains fit the above description.
      Misc.
   =================================
   Protection for you and your kids on the Internet
   =================================================
   The  kids  have  learned the Internet first, and there is a good point
   made  that  the  Internet may be the first "system" created where kids
   are teaching parents about ethical use of the Internet.
   Learn   about   it  yourself  to  help  your  kids  use  the  Internet
   responsibly.   When  educating  yourself,  be  *very* sure to read all
   privacy  notices (or anti-privacy policies in this instance).  Many of
   the  online contests have "privacy" policies that (basically) say that
   they  can sell any and all information that you submit to anybody that
   they  feel  like.   That  could include selling your e-mail address to
   spammers.   Even  when  you  make  an  online purchase, scrutinize the
   privacy  policy.   An example of a company who's privacy policy allows
   them to redistribute your information is Ticketmaster.  See:
   Ticketmaster's Privacy Policy: Opting Out is Not an Option
   [270]http://www.gripe2ed.com/scoop/story/2003/7/24/84435/6284
   [271]http://www2.norwich.edu/mkabay/cyberwatch/index.htm  - Protecting
   yourself  and  your  kids  on  the  Internet, teaching your kids about
   ethical Internet Use
   [272]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/infosecurity/ - FTC generic
   information  about  keeping secure on the Internet.  In addition there
   is a Childs quiz about being a safe cybersurfer.
   A  company  "Alyon  Technologies" installed a dialer on home computers
   and  connected / charged the consumers for pornography calls even when
   they were away on vacation:
   [273]http://www.channel3000.com/technology/2189632/detail.html
   [274]http://www.cheycobb.com/comp_sec_advice.html  - Computer security
   for non geeks
   And her book:
   [275]http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0764516795/102-0644946-449
   9357
   I am interested in eliminating spam from my emails, how do I do this?
   =====================================================================
   First  off  NEVER  reply to the "Remove Me" e-mail addresses or sites.
   This  only  confirms  that  you  have  a live e-mail address and makes
   *your* e-mail address more valuable to sell to other spammers.
   Start off by reading this spam FAQ.
   It  may  take  a  while to digest all of the new information, but just
   read it and see what you can get out of it.
   Start  complaining to the ISP (Internet Service Provider) of where the
   spam  came  from.   Understanding  the  "Received:"  headers is key to
   this.   Trace  back in the Received: header to where it looks like the
   spam came from and complain to that provider about the spam.
   Look in the body of the e-mail.  If someone tells you to reply to back
   to  a  e-mail address or if they point you to a web site then complain
   to the ISP owner of that web site or e-mail address (NEVER complain to
   the spammer, they already know it is wrong and will ignore you).
   These steps will help get the spammers accounts eliminated.
   Will  it stop you from getting spam?   Probably not.  If spammers have
   your  e-mail  address  it  is already too late.  They are selling your
   address  to  each  other, passing it around.  About the only way to do
   that is to change your e-mail address and give it out to as few people
   as possible.
      Origins of Spam
   ======================
   The  history of calling inappropriate postings in great numbers "Spam"
   is   from   a  Monty  Python  skit  (yes,  it  is  very  silly...  see
   [276]http://www.ironworks.com/comedy/python/spam.htm  ) where a couple
   go  into  a restaurant, and the wife tries to get something other than
   Spam.  In  the background are a bunch of Vikings that sing the praises
   of  Spam.  Pretty  soon the only thing you can hear in the skit is the
   word  "Spam".  That  same  idea  would happen to the Internet if large
   scale  inappropriate postings were allowed. You couldn't pick the real
   postings out from the Spam.
   The  very  first  spam  was  on  2  May  1978  from  Digital Equipment
   Corporation (DEC):
   [277]http://www.templetons.com/brad/spamreact.html
   Geek cartoons, some anti-spam cartoons mixed in:
   [278]http://www.userfriendly.org/cartoons/archives/  - Type "spam" and
   click "Submit Query"
   [279]http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=19990226 - :-)
   The Spammers Rules (and their lies):
   [280]http://bruce.pennypacker.org/spamrules.html
   [281]http://groups.google.com/groups?q=Rules+of+Spam
   To   join   a   discussion   list   for   Spams,  send  a  message  to
   [282]listserv@internet.com
   In the body of the message type :
   subscribe spamad your_name your_affiliation
   Or  a  real mailing list for the discussion on spamming and about what
   is  and/or  isn't  possible in dealing with this problem. If you would
   like to join the mailing list send mail to [283]majordomo@psc.edu with
   the following message in the body :
   subscribe spam-list [preferred address]
   Oldmilk tells us the alt.spam Commandments :
   1) Thou shalt not post binaries to a non binary group.
   2) Thou shalt not post "sPaM this l00zer" to alt.spam
   3)  Thou shalt not post to inform us for the thousandth time that this
   group was started to discuss the fine spiced ham product from Hormel.
   4) Thou shalt not spam this newsgroup.
   5)  Thou  shalt  not  post on a topic that has nothing to do with spam
   fighting.
   6)  Thou  shalt  not  harass any regular poster here, lest your ass be
   spanked to rosy hue.
   7) Thou shalt not attempt to make any straw man arguments that spam is
   good.
   8) Thou shalt read the newsgroup before posting.
   First off, the only CORRECT way to "SPAM" the net :
   [284]http://www.spam.com/
   [285]http://www.spam.com/fc.htm - SPAM Fan Club
   [286]http://www.spam.com/ci/ci_in.htm  -  Spam,  SPAM and the Internet
   ... Use "Spam" when referring to Internet Unsolicited E-Mail, ONLY use
   "SPAM" (all CAPS) when referring to the Hormel Product.
   Show SPAM Gifts [287]http://www.spamgift.com/
   Or for the free SPAM recipe Book ($1.00 postage and handling) :
   SPAM recipe Book, P.O. Box 5000, Austin, MN 55912
   Or for SPAM merchandise and apparel call 1-800-LUV-SPAM
   SPAM Sites (the food) / The Church of Spam :
   [288]http://www.spamhaiku.com/ - SPAM Haiku
   [289]http://www.go2net.com/internet/useless/useless/spam.html
   [290]http://www.vivalasvegastamps.com/spam.html
   A  conversation  with  a  spammer. I was amused. First time I had ever
   spoken  with  one.  I  also  forgot  to  mention  (in  our  very short
   conversation)  that his World Wide Web service would be deleted (which
   it was) :
   Me  (7:04  PM):  I  got your spam. By Monday morning all your accounts
   should  be  canceled.  That  would  be your AT&T account, your Hotmail
   account and this AOL account. You are welcome. Bye.
   GS711 (7:05 PM): snip - Expletive Deleted
   Me  (7:05  PM): Thank you very much. You should learn how to advertise
   correctly on the Internet.
   Me  (7:06  PM):  If you do it correctly than you won't have to run and
   hide.
   GS711 (7:06 PM): thanks for letting me know who you are
   Me (7:06 PM): Who am I? :-) ...
   Me  (7:06  PM):  BTW,  all  your  Spams will be reported by many other
   people other than myself ...
   (He signed off)
   And another exchange with a spammer:
   [291]http://petemoss.com/spamflames/ShifmanIsAMoronSpammer.html
   Just keep the spammer in a conversation -
   [292]http://www.thespamletters.com/
   A  Spammers  Soliloquy. I had to keep this one because it was actually
   very creative (unexpected from a spammer) :
   [293]http://digital.net/~gandalf/spammersoliloquy.html
   And  if  you  cannot get enough Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail, you can
   listen to it coming from your speakers:
   [294]http://spamradio.com/html/listen.html
   And  a  final  note to spammers (I try not to make too many "personal"
   statements in this FAQ ...). It is best not to be such a pain that the
   Geeks  find  an  intense  interest  in  you. They are almost certainly
   smarter  than you, at the very least they are smarter in the ways that
   the  Internet  works.  The  worst thing for you, however, is that they
   usually have no life and can easily make you "their life".
   How *did* I get this unsolicited e-mail anyway?
   ==================================================
   Unfortunately  just  posting  a  message  to  a  news  group  can  get
   unsolicited  e-mail.  Some  spammers  "harvest"  e-mail  addresses  by
   stripping  e-mail  return  addresses  out of messages people post. Try
   posting  to  alt.test  a  few  times.  You  will  get  not  only a few
   autoresponder messages (that is how it is *supposed* to work) but also
   a  few unsolicited pieces of e-mail. The solution to this is to "mung"
   your address when you post by adding in extra characters (like "Spam")
   in  your return address. You then put in your signature something like
   "Remove the word Spam from my e-mail to contact me". See:
   [295]http://www.private.org.il/harvest.html  -  How  spammers  harvest
   addresses
   [296]http://home.cnet.com/software/0-3227888-8-6602372-1.html        -
   Riskiest e-mail behaviors on the Net
   [297]http://members.aol.com/emailfaq/mungfaq.html - Address Munging
   [298]http://www.applelinks.com/articles/2001/07/20010730122944.shtml -
   converting email addresses to "digital entities"
   [299]http://www.inter-linked.com/content/spiderbait.php3   -   A  Java
   script to encode your e-mail address on a web page
   *Do  Not*  ever reply to the "unsubscribe" option in a spam. That only
   confirms  your  e-mail  as "real" and gets your e-mail address sold to
   others. More spam for you.
   Another  way  to  get  e-mail  is  to have a World Wide Web page. Some
   spammers  just  start  a  web  spider  (a  piece of software that just
   traverses  World  Wide  Web  pages and collects information) going and
   collect  e-mail that way. To prevent your e-mail from being harvested,
   you can "mung" your web e-mail.
   Yet another way for spammers to verify your address is real is to have
   multiple  unique pages to their site so that when you click on the URL
   they provide, they know that you (and only you) got that URL. See:
   [300]http://cnn.com/2000/TECH/computing/01/14/email.privacy.idg/index.
   html
   Greg tells us of yet another clever trick. The spammer imbeds a unique
   image  (Web  Bug) in a spam e-mail so that just the act of opening the
   e-mail tells the spammer that your address is "live":
   img
   src="http://209.73.247.130/cgi-bin/loadbalance/load.cgi?servers=cluste
   rs_1-9 &
   image=39E218DC0DE2341934ED231E203E382D2193A7B975B23CA8EA-3.jpeg"
   border=0
   Pierre  suggests that when putting a mailto URL in a web page, precede
   and  follow  it  with "%20". When someone clicks on it, it will merely
   put  spaces,  which  will  be  ignored, around the address, but when a
   spammer  harvests  the  address,  it will have a %20 in it, which will
   render it undeliverable.
   A  suggestion of some nasty little HTML items to have in your WWW page
   (invisible, of course) are :
   <A HREF="mailto:root@[127.0.0.1]"></a>
   or if your server allows "server-side includes" (and .shtml) :
   a<A HREF="mailto:abuse@!--#echo var="REMOTE_ADDR"-- "anti spambot></a>
   Also  you  might  include a mail to news gateway like the following so
   that the Spam is posted to Usenet :
   See  [301]https://ssl.dizum.com/help/mail2news.html  for  mail to news
   gateways.
   A [302]HREF="mailto:news.admin.net-abuse.email@myriad.alias.net"/a
   Or
   A [303]HREF="mailto:news.admin.net-abuse.misc@myriad.alias.net"/a
   Or
   A [304]HREF="mailto:news.admin.net-abuse.usenet@myriad.alias.net"/a
   Note  :  You  should note on your World Wide Web page that these links
   should  *not*  be  followed  by  Lynx  users, as they will see them no
   matter  how  you  choose not to display them on a graphical interface.
   The  last  few  in  the  below  list are particularly not nice as they
   execute commands on a UNIX host. Substitute [305]root@[127.0.0.1] with
   any of the following :
   postmaster      abuse     root     admin     [306]postmaster@localhost
   [307]abuse@localhost      [308]root@localhost     [309]admin@localhost
   [310]postmaster@loopback     [311]abuse@loopback    [312]root@loopback
   [313]admin@loopback
   `cat /dev/zero [314]/tmp/...`@localhost
   ;cat /dev/zero [315]/tmp/...;@localhost
   `umount [316]/tmp`@localhost
   ;umount [317]/tmp;@localhost
   [318]`halt`@localhost
   [319];halt;@localhost
      Can I find the persons name and phone from an e-mail address
   ==================================================================
   The  short  answer is no, not unless the person isn't very smart.  The
   only  person  that  can  definitively  tell  you  who owns that e-mail
   address  is  the  ISP (i.e. rr.com, digital.net, etc).  They will most
   likely  not  tell  you this information unless you have a warrant from
   the  police  forcing them to do so.  You *might* find something if you
   search  for  any e-mail addresses that they used and see if it pops up
   any information:
   [320]http://www.google.com/ - Search the Internet
   [321]http://groups.google.com/ - Search Usenet
      How To Respond to Spam
   ===========================
   Howard reminds us :
   Note  to  all:   NEVER  follow-up  to  a  spam.   NEVER.  Express your
   indignation in mail to the poster and/or the
   postmaster@offending.site, but NEVER in the newsgroups!
   Karen asks:
   But  what  about the newbies who look at a group, see lots of spam and
   ads,  see  NO posts decrying them, and conclude that ads are therefore
   OK?
   Ran replies :
   When  it  gets  bad,   you'll  usually  see some "What can we do about
   this?"  threads.   That's  a  good  place to attach a reply that tells
   people why it's bad, and what they can, in fact, do.
   Austin Suggests:
   At  the  risk  of  attracting  flames,  let me suggest an exception to
   Howard's  law.   A  follow-up is allowed if the following 3 conditions
   hold.
       1)  The  offending  article  is  clearly a SCAM (for instance, the
   *Canada* calls with the Seychelles Islands phone # scam)
       2)  No one else has followed-up with a posting identifying it as a
   scam (in other words, no 'Me too' warnings)
       3)  It is unlikely to be canceled soon, either because it seems to
   be  below  the  thresholds, or it is in a local hierarchy that doesn't
   get  cancels, or Chris Lewis is on vacation in the Seychelles Islands.
   If  all three conditions are met, a follow-up that X's out the contact
   information , severely trims the contents and identifies the post as a
   scam is exempt from Howard's law.
   Bill's and Wolfgang's addition :
       4)  Follow-ups should be cross posted to news.admin.net-abuse.misc
   _and_  the  groups  of  the  spam,  but  Followup-To: *MUST* be set to
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc *ONLY*
   _or_
   post a follow-up and *SET* Followup-To: alt.dev.null.
   In the first case change
    Subject: Important FREE $$$
   to
    Subject: Spam (was Re: Important FREE $$$)
   and  include  the  original  Newsgroups  and  Message-ID  line, so the
   professional  despammers  will  immediately  find  what you're talking
   about.   Do not post unless you're absolutely sure that you can do all
   that properly. Also 1) - 3) do apply.
   If  you  see  the  same  article with different Message-IDs in several
   groups,  collect  the  _complete_  headers  of  each article and check
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc if it's already been reported. If not, start
   a   thread   with  Subject:  Spam  (was  Re:  <original  Subject>)  in
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc or news.admin.net-abuse.usenet . Include all
   of the headers and as much of the body of one article as you see fit.
   Shalon adds:
   One note here: in the soc.subculture.bondage-bdsm group, we have 3 or
   4 netcops who *do* follow up each spam message with header, WhoIs,
   traceroute, and contact address info so that those in the group who do
   not have the technical skills to determine this can complain. It's an
   unmoderated sex-related newsgroup which has almost no spam -- so it
   would appear that the technique works extremely well.
     Firewalls and protecting your computer
   ========================================
   If  your  computer is constantly connected to the Internet (DSL, cable
   modem,  thru  a  corporate  connection) you should have *some* kind of
   software or hardware that monitors to keep hackers out.
   Something I put together about firewalls in general:
   [322]http://digital.net/~gandalf/firewall.html
   You  have  no excuse for not installing virus and firewall software on
   your  computer.   Computer  Associates  is  giving  away  its consumer
   anti-virus and firewall software product with a year's subscription to
   virus     signature    updates    until    June    30    2004.     See
   [323]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/1120comdeca.html?nl
   [324]http://www.my-etrust.com/microsoft/
   CERT  has  released  a  white  paper  designed to help technical folks
   spread the word to home users about Internet security:
   [325]http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/home_networks.html
   A description of what a firewall looks for / can tell you is at:
   [326]http://www.robertgraham.com/pubs/firewall-seen.html
   Review and explanation of firewalls:
   [327]http://grc.com/su-firewalls.htm
   An example of personal firewall software is:
   [328]http://ntbugtraq.ntadvice.com/  - Click on the FAQ link and there
   is a link to a page with a very extensive  list of firewalls.
   [329]http://www.google.com/search?q=Personal+Firewall  - Google search
   for personal firewalls
   The  problem  with  some  of  these types of software is that they are
   "technical"  when  they report an "attack" and the "attack" may or may
   not be worth noting. ZoneAlarm by Zonelabs and Network Ice (Black Ice)
   seems  to  work  fairly  well IMHO, but again you will need to examine
   each  "attack"  and  see  what  it  really  is before complaining to a
   provider.
   Bottom  line, if you are constantly connected to the Internet (or even
   if  you  dial  up  for  long periods of time) you should either have a
   firewall in your network, or run software like the above.
     Revenge - What to do & not to do
   ========================================
   No  matter  how  much  we  hate  Spam and how much we dislike what the
   spammers  to  our  quiet  little  corner  of the Universe known as the
   Internet,  Spam  is  not  illegal worldwide (yet). If you try anything
   against  the  spammers,  please  *  do  not  * put yourself in risk of
   breaking  the  law.  It  only  makes  them happy if you get in trouble
   because you were trying to get back at them.
   The  reason why spammers use "throwaway" accounts is because they know
   the  e-mail  account  will  be  deleted.  They  usually provide either
   another  e-mail  address or a name / phone number or postal address so
   that  prospective "customers" can be contacted. Be sure to complain to
   the  postmaster  of  all  e-mail names provided to make sure that this
   route is inhibited.
   There  are  sites  dedicated  to revenge, just search in Google.  Jeff
   mentions  that  some people cross enter 800 numbers, phone numbers and
   addresses  of  spammers onto other spammers' sites.  He says the least
   we  can  do  is  introduce like minded individuals to each other. Just
   being neighborly. ;-)
   You  can  ask  the  Attorney  General  of  a state whether or not that
   business  is  licensed  in  that  state,  and who runs the business. I
   looked up a business out of Nevada and found :
   [330]http://www.naag.org/ - National Association of Attorney Generals
   [331]http://ag.state.nv.us/ - We welcome any comments or concerns from
   you  regarding  Attorney General matters. If you would like a response
   from  this  office,  please  provide  your name, address and telephone
   number,  with  your electronic inquiry and this office will respond to
   you by mail.
   Write to : [332]AGINFO@ag.state.nv.us
   Look the business name / owner up on the WWW for Las Vegas NV :
   [333]http://sandgate.co.clark.nv.us:8498/businessLicense/blindex.htm
   Which gave me the following info for the spammer "ROAD TO WEALTH INC":
   [334]http://sandgate.co.clark.nv.us:8498/servlet/BusinessLicense?insta
   nce=blotdetl&license_number=1000144-533
   And see if they are paying the correct taxes:
   [335]http://tax.state.nv.us/
   Nevada Department of Taxation
   555 E. Washington Ave.
   Suite 1300
   Las Vegas, NV 89101
   PH: (702)486-2300
   FAX: (702)486-2373
   City of Las Vegas
   Department of Business Services
   P.O. Box 1900
   400 Stewart Avenue
   Las Vegas, NV 89125
   (702)229-6281
     Telephoning someone
   ======================
   Calling  someone  once is fine.  If enough people are irritated at the
   spammer  and  they all call the 1-800 number the spammer provides, the
   spammer  will  get  the idea (sooner or later) that it is costing them
   more  in irate people (and most especially loss of business) and it is
   not worth it to spam.
   Do  not  dial  any phone numbers more than once from your home.  Phone
   harassment  is  * illegal * and you * can * be prosecuted in court for
   this. Even tho' the caller id blocking code (may be *67 or *71 or some
   other  code)  prevents  your  number  from  being  displayed  on their
   telephone  at  home  if  they  have caller ID, *57 will give the phone
   company  the number, *69 will dial back the phone number via automatic
   call  back.   If  it  is a 1-800 number there are two problems.  First
   they  can *always* get your phone number, and secondly it may *not* be
   a  toll  free  number.  You may be charged for calling a 1-800 number.
   Of course calling from a pay phone takes care of all of these problems
   :-) ...
   Likewise,  do  not  call collect using 1-800-COLLECT or 1-800-CALL-ATT
   from home, once again this can be traced.
   Austin  comments  :  I  would say that calling a listed non-800 number
   *once*  collect to voice a complaint is not harassment, but justified.
   They  sent you a postage due message, didn't they?  If they don't want
   to  accept  collect  calls,  they  should say so - and if they do, you
   should be a responsible person and not do it again.
   AT&T  Information  for  1-800 numbers is 1-800-555-1212, but that only
   helps  if you know the company name you are trying to call.  Also, you
   can  try  searching  for  a  1-800 number (you do not have to know the
   company name) at :
   [336]http://www.anywho.com/tf.html
   Other telephone search mechanisms:
   [337]http://www.infospace.com/info.zip/
   [338]http://www.bigbook.com/
   [339]http://www.switchboard.com/
   [340]http://decoder.americom.com/ - Look up location by area code.
   [341]http://www.nanpa.com/area_codes/index.html   -   North   American
   Numbering Area Code Lookup
   [342]http://www.aegisbooks.com/download.html - Map of the Area Codes
   Snail Mailing someone
   =======================
   Likewise,  one  well thought out letter sent to the spammer might help
   convince  the spammer not to do this again.  Especially if the spammer
   was  part of a corporation that didn't realize the detrimental effects
   of spamming the Internet.
   If you decide to deluge the spammers postal address by filling out one
   or two "bingo" (popcorn) postage paid cards in the technical magazines
   (by circling a few dozen "product info" requests per card & putting on
   printed  out  self  sticking  labels with the spammers address), or by
   putting  preprinted labels on postage paid cards that come in the mail
   in the little plastic packages, don't organize a public campaign (that
   they can point to) against the spammer in the newsgroup.
   Scott also reminds us :
   Since  this  is  the  "Spam  FAQ",  I'd like to point this out: You're
   basically Spamming the company offering information in a magazine.  It
   costs  companies  money,  not the one you're spamming. They get a free
   pile  of  junk which is easy to throw out. In other words, this may be
   harming  third  parties more than the intended target.  I'm not trying
   to   be   Mr.  Nice  Guy,  just  trying  to  point  out  an  important
   technicality.
   Organizing  a  campaign  against the spammer could lead to the spammer
   trying  to  get  a cease & desist police order against the organizers.
   Likewise,  FAXes  that  are  inverse  pages (black background on white
   letters) to a spammer could probably give you problems.
   1-900,  1-800, 888, 877 and 1-### may be expensive long distance phone
   calls in the U.S.
   ==============================================================
   [343]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/tmarkg/nine.htm    -    1-900
   explained
   [344]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/services/cramming.htm       -
   Mysterious Phone charges
   Be very careful when dialing a 1-800 or any "toll free" number you are
   not  familiar  with.  It  may  end  up being a very expensive mistake.
   Remember  to  dial  these numbers from a phone booth so that your home
   phone  will  never be charged. Another reason to call from a pay phone
   is  so that the spammer cannot get your home phone number. Even if you
   are  "Unlisted" when you call a toll free number the spammer gets your
   phone number.
   All  1-800,  888  or  877 numbers are *not* free in the United States.
   Ozzy  tells  us  that in Canada, ALL 1-800, 866,877, & 888 numbers ARE
   toll  free.  In the U.S you may be charged for the phone call. You can
   tell  if  the  number  charges  by  calling from a phone booth. If you
   cannot get through then it charges. See below.
   Likewise,  numbers  that  may  "look" like they are United States long
   distance  phone numbers may in fact be out of country and may cost you
   $25  or  more  for  a  couple  of  minutes  call.  These calls are not
   refundable. A scam artist trying to get money from the phone calls (he
   gets  a  skim  off  the top) was dialing random beepers with an out of
   country number.
   A phone scam can be read at
   [345]http://www.scambusters.org/809Scam.html
   Some  area  codes to look for (some may not be active for another year
   or two):
   (Also see
   [346]http://docs.nanpa.com/cgi-bin/npa_reports/nanpa?function=list_npa
   _geo_number )
   242 Bahamas
   246 Barbados
   264 Anguilla
   268 Antigua
   284 British Virgin Islands
   340 U.S. Virgin Islands
   345 Cayman Islands
   441 Bermuda
   473 Grenada
   649 Turks and Caicos
   664 Monserrat
   670 CNMI (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands?)
   671 Guam
   758 St. Lucia
   767 Dominica
   784 St. Vincent and Grenadines
   787 Puerto Rico
   868 Trinidad and Tobago
   869 St. Kitts and Nevis
   876 Jamaica
   If  the  ad  says  "Procall",  it  is a large service bureau for 1-900
   numbers in Arizona.  When you call a pay-per-call number, there should
   be  a  recorded  intro that will give a customer service number.  That
   *should* connect with a live person.
   I  would  like  to  thank  Eileen  at  the FTC for kindly answering my
   questions about 1-900 & 1-800 phone numbers.
   Paraphrasing what she e-mailed me :
   When  a  1-900  number is advertised, the price must also be disclosed
   (this may be found at 16 CFR Part 308).
   When  calling  a  1-800 number that charges, there must be an existing
   subscription agreement between the buyer and the seller
   [347]http://www.ftc.gov/ Federal Trade Commission Home Page
   [348]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/telemark/rule.htm Telemarketing Sales Rule
   [349]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/telemarketing/index.html  -
   Telemarketing information / scams
   [350]http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/telemarketing/fileacomplain
   t.htm File a complaint
   Junk Mail - The Law
   ===================
   [351]http://www.jmls.edu/cyber/index/spam.html  -  Collection of legal
   spam items
   [352]http://www.lectlaw.com/ - 'Lectric Law Library
   [353]http://spamlaws.com
   Kevyn  tells  us  that  : In many countries, forgers of headers can be
   prosecuted.   This  is  the  equivalent  of  forging  a  postmark  and
   delivering  it  yourself.  When  someone  sends  out  spam with forged
   headers, he or she clearly:
   a)  knows  that  what  they  are  doing is wrong, and that they can be
   punished for it
   b) is clearly attempting to evade detection and punishment.
   For Norwegians, these pages may be interesting:
   [354]http://www.datatilsynet.no/
   (Datatilsynet is a government controlled organization, made to
   protect people's right to privacy. This page explains that if someone
   wants to advertise by email or SMS messages, they need prior consent
   from the victims)
   You  should also read Title 47 of the United States Code, Section 227.
   There  is  a FAQ at cornell.law.edu for the text of the law (gopher or
   ftp  or  [355]http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/47/227.html ), and you
   can  use  [356]http://groups.google.com/  to read the USC 47 thread on
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc  to  make  up  your  own mind (it invariably
   comes up) or you can look at :
   [357]http://www.cybernothing.org/docs/code47.5.II.txt
   In  Washington  (State)  (for  example)  fax  laws  (RCW  80.36.540  -
   Telefacsimile  messages)  define "telefacsimile message" in such a way
   that  could  be  interpreted  to include E-mail. It was not originally
   written  to  cover  E-Mail,  but that is for the courts to decide :-).
   California  regulates  it  thru  Section  17538(d) of the Business and
   Professions Code.
   [358]http://www.newsfactor.com/perl/story/11103.html    -   Washington
   State's highest court upholds anti-spam law.
   Spammers that have actually been prosecuted. See:
   [359]http://www.bibliotech.net/spammer.html
   In  California  (Quoted from [360]http://Spam.abuse.net ): Spamming to
   or  from  California  e-mail service providers against their policy is
   now  a  civil  offense  under California Business and Professions Code
   Section  17538.45.  If  you  run  a  California-based  e-mail  service
   provider,  you  need  to  notify  your  customers  of the law and your
   anti-spam policy in order to be eligible to collect damages of $50 per
   message.
   Jeff  tells  us  the  California Code referring to spam (CA Bus. Prof.
   Code  Sections  17538.4  and  17538.45)  may be found through clicking
   "All" and entering "17538" into:
   [361]http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/calaw.html   (A   pretty  authoritative
   source) then click on "BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONS CODE"
    Also see:
   [362]http://www.netatty.com/spam.html - Sue a California spammer
   The Virginia law : [363]http://www.spamlaws.com/state/va.html
   The Washington State Law : [364]http://www.wa.gov/ago/junkemail/
   Spammers successfully sued -
   [365]http://www.woodyswatch.com/windows/archtemplate.asp?4-13#watchdog
   The Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Act :
   [366]http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/1030.html
   Additional Resources - Lots Of Links and a *really* good book
   =============================================================
   The latest & greatest version of the Spam FAQ is found at:
   [367]http://digital.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html
   (or [368]http://home.digital.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html )
   Or *nicely* HTML'ed at:
   [369]http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/net-abuse-faq/spam-faq.html
   [370]http://fuzzo.com/spam_faq.htm
   or
   [371]http://www.faqs.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq/spam-faq/
   Or the archive at:
   [372]ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/alt.spam/
   [373]ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-hierarchy/news/admin/net-abuse/m
   isc/
   This  is  addition  to  the  most  excellent  Net Abuse FAQ (posted to
   news.admin.net-abuse.misc,    alt.current-events.net-abuse    etc...),
   brought to you by J.D. Falk [374]jdfalk@cybernothing.org :
   [375]http://www.cybernothing.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq.html
   [376]http://samspade.org/d/nanaefaq.html  - news.admin.net-abuse.email
   FAQ
   [377]http://www.abuse.net/books.html - Spam Books
   [378]http://www.spamfaq.net/terminology.shtml - spam terminology
   [379]http://www.cm.org for info on NoCeM
   [380]http://www.killfile.org/faqs/spam.html
   Net abuse jargon:
   [381]http://www.ncf.carleton.ca/ip/freenet/subs/complaints/spam/jargon
   .txt
   [382]http://groups.google.com/groups?selm=6tk5th%24497%40freenet-news.
   carleton.ca
   Software to track the headers / eliminate Spam for you :
   [383]http://www.antispam-software.net/   -   Anti-Spam   software  for
   Outlook and AOL
   [384]http://allmacintosh.forthnet.gr/macintosh.html - Mac software
   [385]http://samspade.org/t/ - Sam Spade WWW Spam tools - Excellent!
   [386]http://www.spamulor.net/  -  Software  to identify / classify and
   funnel spam to a location out of your way
   [387]http://www.exit109.com/~jeremy/news/cleanfeed.html
   [388]http://www.julianhaight.com/spamcop.shtml  -  Spam Cop - Does the
   header analysis for you.
   [389]http://www.netdemon.net/ - 30+ spam tools ...
   [390]http://www.spamhippo.com/
   [391]http://www.spammerslammer.com   -   Works   with  windows  e-mail
   programs that uses pop mail
   [392]http://www.vicomsoft.com/knowledge/reference/spam.html          -
   Vicomsoft  document  to raise awareness about Spam and offer practical
   solutions to email users
   [393]http://www.vipul.net/ricochet/   -  automated  spam  tracing  and
   reporting agent
   [394]http://andrew.triumf.ca/pub/security/ - UNIX Tools
   [395]http://andrew.triumf.ca/pub/security/reporter/   -   Report  wide
   scans
   To FTP spamhl.exe Send the following E-Mail:
   TO: [396]bitftp@pucc.princeton.edu
   BODY: open ftp.compulink.co.uk
   cd /pub/net-services
   get spamhl.exe
   quit
   Your Daily Spam News:
   [397]http://www.spam-news.com
   or - [398]nanas-sub@cybernothing.org
   [399]http://www.newsadmin.com/cgi-bin/newsspam1 - Top Spam Hosts
   [400]http://www.newsadmin.com/cgi-bin/newsspam2 - Top Spam Sites
   Spammers and how to stop them :
   [401]http://abuse.sourceforge.net/ [402]http://spam.sourceforge.net/ -
   Anti-spam support site
   [403]http://livinginternet.com/e/et_spam.htm  -  a  discussion  on the
   origins of spam
   [404]http://spamhaus.org - spam havens listing
   [405]http://lumbercartel.freeyellow.com/  -
   [406]http://www.cafeshops.com/tinlc  -  TINLC  -  There  Is  No Lumber
   Cartel - CafeShops has the TINLC Tee-Shirt.
   [407]http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Communications_and_Ne
   tworking/Email/
   [408]http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Communications_and_Ne
   tworking/Email/Spam/
   [409]http://www.computerworld.com/softwaretopics/software/groupware/st
   ory/0,10801,75737,00.html - Spam wars
   [410]http://home.att.net/~marjie1/ - Spam killer central
   [411]http://home.att.net/~marjie1/faq.htm  - FAQ and gives how to view
   headers (about half way down)
   [412]http://home.att.net/~marjie1/Glossary.htm - Glossary of terms
   [413]http://www.jahitchcock.com/cyberstalked/        -        Maryland
   Anti-Harassment bill
   [414]http://morehouse.org/hin - Internet Security
   [415]http://persona.www.media.mit.edu/judith/Identity/IdentityDeceptio
   n.html
   [416]http://www.cromwell-intl.com/security/ - Internet Security
   [417]http://slashdot.org/articles/99/08/02/129213.shtml   -  ISP  sues
   spammer
   [418]http://spam.abuse.net/spam/
   [419]http://viper.law.miami.edu/~froomkin/articles/oceanf.htm
   Regulation of Computing and Information Technology
   [420]http://www.atnewyork.com/news/article.php/1557541   -   AOL  wins
   against Spammers
   [421]http://www.abuse.net/lookup.phtml - Complaint lookup
   [422]http://www.antionline.com/ - Internet Security
   [423]http://www.cabal.net/jason/index.html  -  A  spammer tries to sue
   the Cabal (TINC)
   [424]http://www.cabal.net/ - The Cabal (TINC)
   [425]http://www.cauce.org    -    Trying    to    legislate    against
   [426]http://www.ecofuture.org/ecofuture/jnkmail.html  - How to Get Rid
   of Junk Mail, and Telemarketers
   [427]http://www.claws-and-paws.com/spam-l/      -     Improve     your
   spam-fighting skills
   [428]http://www.claws-and-paws.com/spam-l/tracking.html
   [429]http://www.coachnet.com/soho__21.htm - Small Office / Home Office
   Newsletters Anti-Spam Articles for business
   [430]http://www.coachnet.com/soho__22.htm
   [431]http://www.coachnet.com/soho__29.htm
   [432]http://eioMAIL.com/  Spam free web- and POP3-based e-mail account
   for individual users
   [433]http://www.faqs.org/faqs/by-newsgroup/news/news.admin.net-abuse.e
   mail.html
   [434]http://www.faqs.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq/
   [435]http://www.hostedscripts.com/scripts/antispam.html  - A script to
   generate e-mail addresses
   [436]http://www.internetwk.com/columns/frezz020199.htm    -   A   good
   article on why the Internet should be self governing WRT Spam
   [437]http://www.junkemail.org/scamspam/ - "Help stop Scam Spammers!"
   [438]http://www.kclink.com/spam/ - A fight to bill Spammers
   [439]http://www.looksmart.com/eus1/eus53832/eus53833/eus225492/eus2828
   19/eus278700/r?l&igv& - Spam link list
   [440]http://www.nags.org/
   [441]http://groups.yahoo.com/group/anti-spam/join  - Anti-Spam mailing
   list
   [442]http://www.petemoss.com/
   [443]http://fravia.anticrack.de/enemy.htm - Stalking the spammer Enemy
   [444]http://www.robertgraham.com/ - Infosec / computer security page
   [445]http://spamsites.org - Where spammers get their software
   [446]http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=19990226  -  A  computer
   contemplates spam (see [447]http://www.userfriendly.org/static )
   [448]http://www.spamcon.org/   -   Resources   to   help   Recipients,
   Marketers, Sysadmins and Legal pros
   [449]http://www.stopspam.org/email/headers/headers.html - More Reading
   Headers
   [450]http://www.usenet2.org/ - A Usenet with no Spam
   [451]http://www4.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_index_19970819.html
   - Special Spam Fighting Edition
   [452]http://crash.ihug.co.nz/~bryanc/ - Mac WhatRoute
   [453]http://eddie.cis.uoguelph.ca/~tburgess/local/spam.html
   [454]http://members.aol.com/emailfaq/emailfaq.html
   [455]http://members.aol.com/emailfaq/resource-list.html
   [456]http://www.private.org.il/yanig.html  -  Also  yet another newbie
   guide
   [457]http://groups.google.com/groups?selm=36811bc9.1386301459%40news.a
   lt.net - Forgery FAQ
   [458]http://www.private.org.il/harvest.html  -  How  spammers get your
   E-Mail address
   [459]http://www.elsop.com/wrc/nospam.htm
   [460]http://www.exit109.com/~jeremy/news/antispam.html - Spam Software
   [461]http://donotcall.gov/  - or call 1-888-382-1222 - Put yourself on
   the national "Do Not Call" list
   [462]http://www.rahul.net/falk/index.html#howtos
   [463]http://www.river.com/users/share/cluetrain/   -  My  mailbox.  My
   property. My personal space. My rules. Deal with it.
   [464]http://www.spam-archive.org/ - A collection of email-Spams.
   [465]http://www.webfoot.com/advice/email.biblio.html  - General E-Mail
   info
   [466]http://www.winsite.com/win3/winsock/page6.html - Windows Internet
   Utilities
   [467]http://www.winsite.com/win95/netutil/index.html   -  Win  95  Net
   Utils
   [468]http://www.winsite.com/win95/netutil/page11.html   -   netcop   /
   netlab95.zip
   Spam Info in other languages:
   [469]http://cwisdb.cc.kuleuven.ac.be/pisa/nl/spam.htm - Netherlands
   [470]http://member.nifty.ne.jp/usr/negi/news.html - Japan
   [471]http://member.nifty.ne.jp/usr/negi/newsgroup0.html - Japan
   [472]http://perso.magic.fr/roumazeilles/spamantf.htm   -   Spam  Anti!
   French
   [473]http://portale.web.de/Internet/Spam/ - German Anti-Spam
   [474]http://www.despaml.interrob.de/ - German Anti-Spam Mailing List
   [475]http://www.euro.cauce.org/ - Many languages
   [476]http://www.euro.cauce.org/en/index.html - English
   [477]http://www.nextel.no/kundesenter/hjelp/guider/901645506.5885.html
   - Norway
   [478]http://www.online-recht.de/vorent.html?LGBerlin980514   -  German
   Anti-Spam and costs
   [479]http://www.snafu.de/~laura/de.admin.net-abuse.mail.txt  -  German
   net abuse FAQ
   Translate from/to English French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
   (etc.)
   [480]http://babel.altavista.com/translate.dyn
   or
   English to French:
   [481]http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=fr&sl=en&u=http://digita
   l.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html
   English to German:
   [482]http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=en&u=http://digita
   l.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html
   English to Italian:
   [483]http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=it&sl=en&u=http://digita
   l.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html
   English to Spanish:
   [484]http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=es&sl=en&u=http://digita
   l.net/~gandalf/spamfaq.html
   Or why Netabuse is bad :
   [485]http://cnn.com/TECH/computing/9808/10/tastyspam.idg/
   [486]http://www.csoonline.com/alarmed/06192003.html   -   Is   someone
   watching everything you type?
   [487]http://www.fraudbureau.com/articles/consumer/article14.html - The
   cost of spam
   [488]http://www.honet.com/Nadine/permission.htm  -  Why  permission is
   needed to send e-mail
   [489]http://www.honet.com/Nadine/default.htm  - Someone types in a bad
   e-mail address and an innocent party starts getting spam
   [490]http://www.honet.com/Nadine/Unsubscribe.htm   -  Why  Unsubscribe
   doesn't work
   [491]http://www.infoworld.com/article/03/03/14/11winman_1.html       -
   Microsoft Update --> Watch what your computer sends out
   [492]http://www.infoworld.com/article/03/04/15/HNaolspammers_1.html  -
   AOL takes spammers to court
   [493]http://www.infoworld.com/article/03/04/10/hnspamgov_1.html  -  US
   Government "Can spam" bill.
   [494]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2001/0104spamspam.html  -  Time  and
   cost of SPAM
   [495]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2001/0104spambust.html  - Two busted
   for Spam fraud / envelope stuffing
   [496]http://www.nwfusion.com/columnists/2001/0416gibbs.html  - ?Logic?
   of a spammer and why (if everybody did it) you would get 1,370 e-mails
   per hour
   [497]http://www.nwfusion.com/research/2002/0513spam.html  -  How  spam
   brings down servers
   [498]http://www.nwfusion.com/research/2002/0513spamside4.html   -  How
   spammers get your e-mail address
   [499]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2002/01331360.html      -
   Scumware, unauthorized software additions to your computer
   [500]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2002/01366115.html      -
   Scumware prevention and removal
   [501]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0224spammers.html?net         -
   Spammers using students to send spam
   [502]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0224spammerside.html   -   Spam
   driving - Why wireless is bad
   [503]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0227spamspam.html?net         -
   Corporate spam tools
   [504]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/0303sec2.html      -
   Security for those that aren't computer security geeks
   [505]http://www.nwfusion.com/columnists/2003/0630backspin.html  - What
   spam really costs Part I
   [506]http://www.nwfusion.com/columnists/2003/0707backspin.html  - What
   spam really costs Part II
   [507]http://enterprisesecurity.symantec.com/content.cfm?articleID=1369
   -  The cost of Spam (at bottom of article) and how spammers are trying
   to fight back
   Protecting  your  reputation  in  Cyberspace  -  How  To  / How Not To
   communicate on the Internet:
   [508]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00322091.html - Part
   1
   [509]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00380626.html - Part
   2
   [510]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00408507.html - Part
   3 - Why not to spam
   [511]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00408551.html - Part
   4
   [512]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00450966.html - Part
   5
   [513]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00477475.html - Part
   6
   [514]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00519056.html - Part
   7
   [515]http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00477474.html  - How
   Not To Send Out An "Alert"
   [516]http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0415aolwield.html?net   -   AOL
   wields legal, technical weapons in spam war
   [517]http://www.securityfocus.com/news/4217  -  Spammers  sending  out
   Trojan Programs to turn home computers into spamming machines
   Listen to The Spam Avenger abuse spammers -
   [518]http://www.thespamavenger.com/
   Equal time, The spammer's viewpoint (Why Spam is good):
   [519]http://www.juicycerebellum.com/spam.htm
   [520]http://listen.to/spammers - Spammers Speak
   [521]http://groups.google.com/groups?selm=7iviu5%2475g%241%40bgtnsc03.
   worldnet.att.net  -  Gerald  Kohler  ( [522]gkohler@worldnet.att.net )
   argues  for  spam,  with  some  good rebuttals. Click on "Thread" then
   click  on  message  8  then  click  on  next  in  thread to follow the
   conversation.
   Opinions  from  one  spammer (I wouldn't trust much of what is said in
   these pages if anything at all ...):
   [523]http://www.marketing-2000.net/
   [524]http://www.freep.com/money/tech/mwend6_20021206.htm   -  Spammers
   don't like spam :-)
   [525]http://www.marketing-2000.net/legal.htm  -  Bulk  E-Mail  - Is It
   Legal?  This page *used* to say "Many of these anti-spammer extremists
   do  not  have  regular  jobs" (Hmm ... I guess my 50+ hour a week high
   tech job doesn't count?)
   [526]http://www.marketing-2000.net/survpage.htm    -    Bulk    E-Mail
   Marketing guide
   [527]http://www.marketing-2000.net/testimonials.htm - Testimonies
   Of course feel free to send your comments to
   [528]escalate@marketing-2000.net  [529]concerns@marketing-2000.net  or
   [530]questions@marketing-2000.net
   What the alt.binaries.slack Organization has done to fight Spam :
   [531]http://www.sputum.com/spit/Main.htm
   And the Alt.Gothic Special Forces:
   [532]http://thingy.apana.org.au/~fun/agsf/
   [533]http://www.izzy.net/~jfron/agsf/tools/
   AGSF FAQ:
   [534]http://www.legendsmagazine.net/pan/panstuff/agsffaq.htm
   Disclaimer :
   I  am  not  a  lawyer  and this is not legal advice. For legal advice,
   consult an attorney with appropriate expertise in this area of the law
   who is licensed to practice in your jurisdiction.
   80% of the Internet is bull, free advice is worth every penny you paid
   for it :-).  Brought to you via News since November 1995.
   ------------------------------------------------------------------
   Do not meddle in the affairs of wizards for they are subtle and
   quick to anger.
   Ken Hollis - Gandalf The White - gandalf@digital.net - O- TINLC
   WWW Page - [535]http://gandalf.home.digital.net/
   Trace E-Mail forgery -
   [536]http://gandalf.home.digital.net/spamfaq.html
   Trolls crossposts  -
   [537]http://gandalf.home.digital.net/trollfaq.html

References

   1. mailto:gandalf@digital.net
   2. http://gandalf.home.digital.net/spamfaq.html
   3. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item1
   4. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item1a
   5. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item2
   6. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item2a
   7. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item2b
   8. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item3
   9. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item4
  10. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item5
  11. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item5a
  12. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item5b
  13. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item6
  14. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item6a
  15. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item6b
  16. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item6c
  17. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item6d
  18. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item6e
  19. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item7
  20. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item7a
  21. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8
  22. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8a
  23. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8b
  24. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8c
  25. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8d
  26. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8e
  27. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8f
  28. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item8g
  29. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item9
  30. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item9a
  31. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item9b
  32. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item10
  33. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item11
  34. file://localhost/data/p3scan/p3scan-1.0.99-08dev-beta2/spamfaq.html#item12
  35. http://gandalf.home.digital.net/spamfaq.html
  36. http://home.digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
  37. ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/alt.spam/
  38. ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/alt.syntax.tactical/
  39. mailto:gandalf@digital.net
  40. http://home.digital.net/%7Egandalf/CAN-SPAM.htm
  41. http://gandalf.home.digital.net/CAN-SPAM.htm
  42. http://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm
  43. http://www.house.gov/writerep/
  44. http://www.house.gov/house/MemberWWW.html
  45. http://congress.org/
  46. http://www.google.com/search?q=CAN-SPAM+won%27t+work
  47. http://www.google.com/search?q=Critics+CAN-SPAM
  48. http://www.gripe2ed.com/scoop/story/2003/12/11/9145/0712
  49. http://www.nationalenquirer.com/
  50. http://www.google.com/search?q=gandalf%40digital.net
  51. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/edu/2003/0324ed1.html
  52. http://www.gripe2ed.com/scoop/story/2003/5/15/10299/0559
  53. http://www.google.com/search?q=email+hosting+spam
  54. http://www.no-junkmail.com/
  55. http://www.google.com/search?q=spam+blocking+software
  56. http://www.spamulor.net/
  57. http://www.spambutcher.com/
  58. http://computerworld.com/softwaretopics/software/groupware/story/0,10801,75737,00.html
  59. http://mail.com/
  60. mailto:General.delivery@arcticmail.com
  61. http://www.the-foxhole.org/Disabling_IE_Security_Flaws.htm
  62. http://www.spamcop.net/fom-serve/cache/119.html
  63. http://www.haltabuse.org/help/headers/webtv.shtml
  64. http://help.att.net/docs/use/email/gen/prb_msol_mac_headerinfo.htm?platform=osnone
  65. http://help.att.net/docs/howto/other/win/prb_all_all_ns-header.htm?platform=osnone
  66. http://www.wurd.com/cl_email_outlook_headers.php
  67. http://www.wurd.com/cl_email_msie_headers.php
  68. http://support.xo.com/abuse/guide/guide1.shtml
  69. http://www.rahul.net/falk/mailtrack.html
  70. http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/trachead.html
  71. http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/trachead2.html
  72. http://help.mindspring.com/docs/006/emailheaders/
  73. http://help.mindspring.com/features/emailheaders/extended.htm
  74. http://www.stopspam.org/email/headers/headers.html
  75. http://samspade.org/t/
  76. http://www.arin.net/
  77. http://www.ordb.org/
  78. http://dsbl.org/main
  79. http://relays.osirusoft.com/
  80. http://relays.osirusoft.com/cgi-bin/rbcheck.cgi
  81. http://www.dorkslayers.com/
  82. http://spamhaus.org/sbl
  83. http://mail-abuse.org/rbl/usage.html
  84. http://samspade.org/t/
  85. http://www.abuse.net/relay.html
  86. http://www.lsoft.com/listserv.stm
  87. http://www.lsoft.com/spamorama.html#FILTER
  88. http://www.killfile.org/faqs/cancel.html
  89. http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/trollfaq.html
  90. http://groups.google.com/
  91. http://samspade.org/t/
  92. http://www.geektools.com/
  93. http://www1.dshield.org/ipinfo.php
  94. http://andrew.triumf.ca/cgi-bin/spamalyzer.pl
  95. http://cities.lk.net/trlist.html
  96. http://www.net.cmu.edu/cgi-bin/netops.cgi
  97. http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Communications_and_Networking/Software/Networking/Utilities/Traceroute/
  98. http://www.traceroute.org/
  99. http://www.switch.ch/search/whois_form.html
 100. http://www.networksolutions.com/cgi-bin/whois/whois
 101. http://www.ripe.net/perl/whois
 102. http://www.apnic.net/apnic-bin/whois.pl
 103. http://whois.nic.or.kr/
 104. http://www.arin.net/
 105. http://cello.cs.uiuc.edu/cgi-bin/slamm/ip2ll/
 106. http://cello.cs.uiuc.edu/cgi-bin/slamm/ip2name
 107. http://www.alldomains.com/alltlds.html
 108. http://www.ics.uci.edu/pub/websoft/wwwstat/country-codes.txt
 109. http://www.cymru.com/Documents/bogon-dd.html
 110. http://www.cymru.com/Documents/bogon-list.html
 111. http://www.ja.net/CERT/JANET-CERT/prevention/cisco/private_addresses.html
 112. http://samspade.org/t/
 113. http://samspade.org/t/
 114. http://www.webspawner.com/users/ipconverter
 115. http://www.swishweb.com/dec.htm
 116. http://home.digital.net/%7Egandalf/URLDecode.txt
 117. http://david.carter-tod.com/base64/
 118. http://www.netdemon.net/decode.html
 119. http://www.netdemon.net/tools.html
 120. http://www.abuse.net/cgi-bin/unpackit
 121. http://samspade.org/t/
 122. http://www.netdemon.net/
 123. http://samspade.org/t/
 124. http://www.apnic.net/apnic-bin/whois.pl
 125. http://www.arin.net/cgi-bin/whois.pl
 126. http://www.ripe.net/db/whois.html
 127. http://www.spacereg.com/a.rpl?m=dig
 128. http://www.gulftech.org/webtools/webutil.pl?dig
 129. http://tools.bintec.com/
 130. http://home.att.net/%7Emarjie1/Dig.htm
 131. http://www.netdemon.net/haywyre/
 132. http://www.google.com/groups?selm=3ee16105%241_2%40nntp2.nac.net
 133. http://www.spamsites.org/decode.html
 134. http://www.abuse.net/
 135. http://abuse.net/lookup.phtml
 136. http://personalpages.tds.net/%7Eslambo/spamreports.htm
 137. mailto:%28djackson@aol.net%29
 138. mailto:%20tosusenet@aol.com
 139. http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/usenet/advertising/how-to/part1.html
 140. http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/usenet/advertising/how-to/part1/faq.html
 141. http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/finding-groups/general.html
 142. http://www-personal.umich.edu/%7Ejmm/papers.html#efi
 143. http://www.incidents.org/react/avinfo.php
 144. http://housecall.trendmicro.com/
 145. http://www.commandondemand.com/
 146. http://security1.norton.com/us/intro.asp?venid=sym&langid=us
 147. mailto:virus@commandcom.com
 148. http://www.commandcom.com/virus/think_you_have_a_virus.html
 149. mailto:virus@cai.com
 150. http://www3.ca.com/virusinfo/
 151. mailto:samples@F-Secure.com
 152. mailto:newvirus@kaspersky.com
 153. http://www.avp.ru/
 154. mailto:virus_research@nai.com
 155. http://www.mcafeeb2b.com/naicommon/avert/avert-research-center/submit-sample.asp
 156. mailto:avsubmit@symantec.com
 157. http://www.sarc.com/avcenter/submit.html
 158. mailto:virus_doctor@trendmicro.com
 159. http://www.antivirus.com/vinfo/trendlabs/submit.htm
 160. http://www.safersite.com/PestInfo/G/Glossary.asp
 161. http://www.safersite.com/Support/About/About_Rats.asp
 162. http://www.pestpatrol.com/whitepapers/Comparison/Product_Details.asp
 163. http://www.pestpatrol.com/Whitepapers/Comparison/Index.asp
 164. http://grc.com/optout.htm
 165. http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=technologyNews&storyID=4306576
 166. http://security.kolla.de/
 167. http://www.computerworld.com/newsletter/0,4902,88583,00.html?nlid=SEC2
 168. http://www.computerworld.com/printthis/2004/0,4814,89096,00.html
 169. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2004/0105sec2.html
 170. http://www.anti-phishing.org/
 171. http://www.citi.com/domain/spoof/report_abuse.htm
 172. http://www.usbank.com/cgi_w/cfm/promo/personal/fraud_email_info_and_help.cfm
 173. http://www.zapthedingbat.com/security/ex01/vun1.htm
 174. http://home.digital.net/%7Egandalf/URLDecode.txt
 175. http://www.computerworld.com/newsletter/0,4902,88623,00.html?nlid=PM
 176. http://www.fraud.org/
 177. http://www.fraud.org/info/repoform.htm
 178. http://www.ifccfbi.gov/
 179. http://www.ifccfbi.gov/strategy/howtofile.asp
 180. http://www.ifccfbi.gov/cf1.asp
 181. http://www.junkemail.org/scamspam/
 182. mailto:uce@ftc.gov
 183. http://www.gcn.com/21_9/top-stories/18494-1.html
 184. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/dotcon/index.html
 185. http://www.infoworld.com/article/03/05/15/HNftcspammer_1.html
 186. http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/cybercrime/story/0,10801,78551,00.html?SKC=cybercrime-78551
 187. http://www.acidics.com/
 188. http://www.bbb.org/
 189. http://directory.google.com/Top/Society/Issues/Fraud/
 190. http://hoaxbusters.ciac.org/
 191. http://www.scambusters.com/
 192. http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,39298,00.html
 193. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00680235.html
 194. http://virlib.ncjrs.org/MoreIssues.asp
 195. http://virlib.ncjrs.org/more.asp?category=51=152
 196. http://www.infosecuritymag.com/digest_intro.shtml
 197. http://www.vmyths.com/
 198. http://www.sophos.com/
 199. http://www.trendmicro.com/
 200. http://www.trusecure.com/
 201. http://www.sec.gov/enforce/comctr.htm
 202. mailto:enforcement@sec.gov
 203. http://www.sec.gov/answers/pumpdump.htm
 204. http://www.sec.gov/news/headlines/netfraud.htm
 205. mailto:cyberfraud@nasaa.org
 206. http://www.fda.gov/opacom/backgrounders/problem.html
 207. mailto:Medwatch@OC.FDA.GOV
 208. http://www.fda.gov/
 209. http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2000/100_online.html
 210. http://www.fda.gov/oc/buyonline/default.htm
 211. http://www.stopspam.org/usenet/mmf/mmf_table.html
 212. http://www.stopspam.org/usenet/mmf/
 213. http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/scams/scams_e.htm
 214. http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/scams/pyramid_e.htm
 215. http://canada.justice.gc.ca/
 216. mailto:bbroder@ftc.gov
 217. mailto:pyramid@ftc.gov
 218. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2002/0212antispam.html?net
 219. http://www.usps.gov/ncsc/locators/find-is.html
 220. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/calawquery?codesection=pen&codebody=endless
 221. http://groups.google.com/groups?q=word-of-mouth+scam
 222. http://www.snopes.com/computer/internet/wordofmouth.asp
 223. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/0901sec1.html
 224. mailto:uce@ftc.gov
 225. http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,53818,00.html
 226. http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/2189.pdf
 227. mailto:419.fcd@usss.treas.gov
 228. http://www.secretservice.gov/alert419.shtml
 229. http://www.fbi.gov/majcases/fraud/fraudschemes.htm
 230. http://www.computerworld.com/softwaretopics/software/story/0,10801,69562,00.html
 231. http://www.nigerianfraudwatch.org/
 232. http://home.rica.net/alphae/419coal/news1998.htm
 233. http://home.rica.net/alphae/419coal/
 234. http://www.scambusters.org/NigerianFee.html
 235. http://www.cbintel.com/nigeriafraud.htm
 236. http://www.scamorama.com/
 237. http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/cybercrime/story/0,10801,80200,00.html?nas=AM-80200
 238. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/0224sec1.html
 239. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/1013sec1.html
 240. http://www.urbanlegends.com/classic/craig.shergold/craig_nyt.html
 241. http://www.urbanlegends.com/classic/blue.star.tattoos/blue_star_lsd_faq.html
 242. http://www.urbanlegends.com/afu.faq/index.html
 243. http://www.pfir.org/statements/hoaxes
 244. http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/hoax.html
 245. http://chekware.com/hoax/
 246. http://kumite.com/myths/myths
 247. http://hoaxbusters.ciac.org/
 248. http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/nothing/billgate.asp
 249. http://www.vmyths.com/
 250. http://www.hoaxkill.com/
 251. mailto:hoaxcheck@hoaxkill.com
 252. mailto:hoaxkill@hoaxkill.com
 253. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq/scams/
 254. http://www.google.com/
 255. http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/nothing/billgate.htm
 256. http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/stories/story/0,10738,2606926,00.html
 257. http://www.virtualsalt.com/warning.htm
 258. http://www.jsm-net.demon.co.uk/blackmail/blackmail.html
 259. http://www.jsm-net.demon.co.uk/blackmail/source
 260. http://www.ii.com/internet/faqs/launchers/mail/filtering-faq/
 261. http://www.best.com/%7Eii/internet/faqs/launchers/mail/filtering-faq/
 262. http://www.ii.com/internet/robots/
 263. http://www.best.com/%7Eii/internet/robots/
 264. http://www.impsec.org/email-tools/procmail-security.html
 265. http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/edmonds/usenet/gnus/BLACKLIST
 266. http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/edmonds/usenet/gnus/SCORE
 267. http://www.twcny.rr.com/technofile/texts/bit121901.html
 268. http://www.samiam.org/spam/index.html
 269. http://www.sendmail.org/
 270. http://www.gripe2ed.com/scoop/story/2003/7/24/84435/6284
 271. http://www2.norwich.edu/mkabay/cyberwatch/index.htm
 272. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/infosecurity/
 273. http://www.channel3000.com/technology/2189632/detail.html
 274. http://www.cheycobb.com/comp_sec_advice.html
 275. http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0764516795/102-0644946-4499357
 276. http://www.ironworks.com/comedy/python/spam.htm
 277. http://www.templetons.com/brad/spamreact.html
 278. http://www.userfriendly.org/cartoons/archives/
 279. http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=19990226
 280. http://bruce.pennypacker.org/spamrules.html
 281. http://groups.google.com/groups?q=Rules+of+Spam
 282. mailto:listserv@internet.com
 283. mailto:majordomo@psc.edu
 284. http://www.spam.com/
 285. http://www.spam.com/fc.htm
 286. http://www.spam.com/ci/ci_in.htm
 287. http://www.spamgift.com/
 288. http://www.spamhaiku.com/
 289. http://www.go2net.com/internet/useless/useless/spam.html
 290. http://www.vivalasvegastamps.com/spam.html
 291. http://petemoss.com/spamflames/ShifmanIsAMoronSpammer.html
 292. http://www.thespamletters.com/
 293. http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/spammersoliloquy.html
 294. http://spamradio.com/html/listen.html
 295. http://www.private.org.il/harvest.html
 296. http://home.cnet.com/software/0-3227888-8-6602372-1.html
 297. http://members.aol.com/emailfaq/mungfaq.html
 298. http://www.applelinks.com/articles/2001/07/20010730122944.shtml
 299. http://www.inter-linked.com/content/spiderbait.php3
 300. http://cnn.com/2000/TECH/computing/01/14/email.privacy.idg/index.html
 301. https://ssl.dizum.com/help/mail2news.html
 302. mailto:HREF=
 303. mailto:HREF=
 304. mailto:HREF=
 305. mailto:root@%5B127.0.0.1%5D
 306. mailto:postmaster@localhost
 307. mailto:abuse@localhost
 308. mailto:root@localhost
 309. mailto:admin@localhost
 310. mailto:postmaster@loopback
 311. mailto:abuse@loopback
 312. mailto:root@loopback
 313. mailto:admin@loopback
 314. mailto:/tmp/...%60@localhost
 315. mailto:/tmp/...;@localhost
 316. mailto:/tmp%60@localhost
 317. mailto:/tmp;@localhost
 318. mailto:%60halt%60@localhost
 319. mailto:;halt;@localhost
 320. http://www.google.com/
 321. http://groups.google.com/
 322. http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/firewall.html
 323. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/1120comdeca.html?nl
 324. http://www.my-etrust.com/microsoft/
 325. http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/home_networks.html
 326. http://www.robertgraham.com/pubs/firewall-seen.html
 327. http://grc.com/su-firewalls.htm
 328. http://ntbugtraq.ntadvice.com/
 329. http://www.google.com/search?q=Personal+Firewall
 330. http://www.naag.org/
 331. http://ag.state.nv.us/
 332. mailto:AGINFO@ag.state.nv.us
 333. http://sandgate.co.clark.nv.us:8498/businessLicense/blindex.htm
 334. http://sandgate.co.clark.nv.us:8498/servlet/BusinessLicense?instance=blotdetl&license_number=1000144-533
 335. http://tax.state.nv.us/
 336. http://www.anywho.com/tf.html
 337. http://www.infospace.com/info.zip/
 338. http://www.bigbook.com/
 339. http://www.switchboard.com/
 340. http://decoder.americom.com/
 341. http://www.nanpa.com/area_codes/index.html
 342. http://www.aegisbooks.com/download.html
 343. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/tmarkg/nine.htm
 344. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/services/cramming.htm
 345. http://www.scambusters.org/809Scam.html
 346. http://docs.nanpa.com/cgi-bin/npa_reports/nanpa?function=list_npa_geo_number
 347. http://www.ftc.gov/
 348. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/telemark/rule.htm
 349. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/telemarketing/index.html
 350. http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/telemarketing/fileacomplaint.htm
 351. http://www.jmls.edu/cyber/index/spam.html
 352. http://www.lectlaw.com/
 353. http://spamlaws.com/
 354. http://www.datatilsynet.no/
 355. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/47/227.html
 356. http://groups.google.com/
 357. http://www.cybernothing.org/docs/code47.5.II.txt
 358. http://www.newsfactor.com/perl/story/11103.html
 359. http://www.bibliotech.net/spammer.html
 360. http://spam.abuse.net/
 361. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/calaw.html
 362. http://www.netatty.com/spam.html
 363. http://www.spamlaws.com/state/va.html
 364. http://www.wa.gov/ago/junkemail/
 365. http://www.woodyswatch.com/windows/archtemplate.asp?4-13#watchdog
 366. http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/1030.html
 367. http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
 368. http://home.digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
 369. http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/net-abuse-faq/spam-faq.html
 370. http://fuzzo.com/spam_faq.htm
 371. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq/spam-faq/
 372. ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/alt.spam/
 373. ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-hierarchy/news/admin/net-abuse/misc/
 374. mailto:jdfalk@cybernothing.org
 375. http://www.cybernothing.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq.html
 376. http://samspade.org/d/nanaefaq.html
 377. http://www.abuse.net/books.html
 378. http://www.spamfaq.net/terminology.shtml
 379. http://www.cm.org/
 380. http://www.killfile.org/faqs/spam.html
 381. http://www.ncf.carleton.ca/ip/freenet/subs/complaints/spam/jargon.txt
 382. http://groups.google.com/groups?selm=6tk5th%24497%40freenet-news.carleton.ca
 383. http://www.antispam-software.net/
 384. http://allmacintosh.forthnet.gr/macintosh.html
 385. http://samspade.org/t/
 386. http://www.spamulor.net/
 387. http://www.exit109.com/%7Ejeremy/news/cleanfeed.html
 388. http://www.julianhaight.com/spamcop.shtml
 389. http://www.netdemon.net/
 390. http://www.spamhippo.com/
 391. http://www.spammerslammer.com/
 392. http://www.vicomsoft.com/knowledge/reference/spam.html
 393. http://www.vipul.net/ricochet/
 394. http://andrew.triumf.ca/pub/security/
 395. http://andrew.triumf.ca/pub/security/reporter/
 396. mailto:bitftp@pucc.princeton.edu
 397. http://www.spam-news.com/
 398. mailto:nanas-sub@cybernothing.org
 399. http://www.newsadmin.com/cgi-bin/newsspam1
 400. http://www.newsadmin.com/cgi-bin/newsspam2
 401. http://abuse.sourceforge.net/
 402. http://spam.sourceforge.net/
 403. http://livinginternet.com/e/et_spam.htm
 404. http://spamhaus.org/
 405. http://lumbercartel.freeyellow.com/
 406. http://www.cafeshops.com/tinlc
 407. http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Communications_and_Networking/Email/
 408. http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Communications_and_Networking/Email/Spam/
 409. http://www.computerworld.com/softwaretopics/software/groupware/story/0,10801,75737,00.html
 410. http://home.att.net/%7Emarjie1/
 411. http://home.att.net/%7Emarjie1/faq.htm
 412. http://home.att.net/%7Emarjie1/Glossary.htm
 413. http://www.jahitchcock.com/cyberstalked/
 414. http://morehouse.org/hin
 415. http://persona.www.media.mit.edu/judith/Identity/IdentityDeception.html
 416. http://www.cromwell-intl.com/security/
 417. http://slashdot.org/articles/99/08/02/129213.shtml
 418. http://spam.abuse.net/spam/
 419. http://viper.law.miami.edu/%7Efroomkin/articles/oceanf.htm
 420. http://www.atnewyork.com/news/article.php/1557541
 421. http://www.abuse.net/lookup.phtml
 422. http://www.antionline.com/
 423. http://www.cabal.net/jason/index.html
 424. http://www.cabal.net/
 425. http://www.cauce.org/
 426. http://www.ecofuture.org/ecofuture/jnkmail.html
 427. http://www.claws-and-paws.com/spam-l/
 428. http://www.claws-and-paws.com/spam-l/tracking.html
 429. http://www.coachnet.com/soho__21.htm
 430. http://www.coachnet.com/soho__22.htm
 431. http://www.coachnet.com/soho__29.htm
 432. http://eiomail.com/
 433. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/by-newsgroup/news/news.admin.net-abuse.email.html
 434. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/net-abuse-faq/
 435. http://www.hostedscripts.com/scripts/antispam.html
 436. http://www.internetwk.com/columns/frezz020199.htm
 437. http://www.junkemail.org/scamspam/
 438. http://www.kclink.com/spam/
 439. http://www.looksmart.com/eus1/eus53832/eus53833/eus225492/eus282819/eus278700/r?l&igv&
 440. http://www.nags.org/
 441. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/anti-spam/join
 442. http://www.petemoss.com/
 443. http://fravia.anticrack.de/enemy.htm
 444. http://www.robertgraham.com/
 445. http://spamsites.org/
 446. http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=19990226
 447. http://www.userfriendly.org/static
 448. http://www.spamcon.org/
 449. http://www.stopspam.org/email/headers/headers.html
 450. http://www.usenet2.org/
 451. http://www4.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_index_19970819.html
 452. http://crash.ihug.co.nz/%7Ebryanc/
 453. http://eddie.cis.uoguelph.ca/%7Etburgess/local/spam.html
 454. http://members.aol.com/emailfaq/emailfaq.html
 455. http://members.aol.com/emailfaq/resource-list.html
 456. http://www.private.org.il/yanig.html
 457. http://groups.google.com/groups?selm=36811bc9.1386301459%40news.alt.net
 458. http://www.private.org.il/harvest.html
 459. http://www.elsop.com/wrc/nospam.htm
 460. http://www.exit109.com/%7Ejeremy/news/antispam.html
 461. http://donotcall.gov/
 462. http://www.rahul.net/falk/index.html#howtos
 463. http://www.river.com/users/share/cluetrain/
 464. http://www.spam-archive.org/
 465. http://www.webfoot.com/advice/email.biblio.html
 466. http://www.winsite.com/win3/winsock/page6.html
 467. http://www.winsite.com/win95/netutil/index.html
 468. http://www.winsite.com/win95/netutil/page11.html
 469. http://cwisdb.cc.kuleuven.ac.be/pisa/nl/spam.htm
 470. http://member.nifty.ne.jp/usr/negi/news.html
 471. http://member.nifty.ne.jp/usr/negi/newsgroup0.html
 472. http://perso.magic.fr/roumazeilles/spamantf.htm
 473. http://portale.web.de/Internet/Spam/
 474. http://www.despaml.interrob.de/
 475. http://www.euro.cauce.org/
 476. http://www.euro.cauce.org/en/index.html
 477. http://www.nextel.no/kundesenter/hjelp/guider/901645506.5885.html
 478. http://www.online-recht.de/vorent.html?LGBerlin980514
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 481. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=fr&sl=en&u=http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
 482. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=en&u=http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
 483. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=it&sl=en&u=http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
 484. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=es&sl=en&u=http://digital.net/%7Egandalf/spamfaq.html
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 488. http://www.honet.com/Nadine/permission.htm
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 494. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2001/0104spamspam.html
 495. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2001/0104spambust.html
 496. http://www.nwfusion.com/columnists/2001/0416gibbs.html
 497. http://www.nwfusion.com/research/2002/0513spam.html
 498. http://www.nwfusion.com/research/2002/0513spamside4.html
 499. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2002/01331360.html
 500. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2002/01366115.html
 501. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0224spammers.html?net
 502. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0224spammerside.html
 503. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0227spamspam.html?net
 504. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2003/0303sec2.html
 505. http://www.nwfusion.com/columnists/2003/0630backspin.html
 506. http://www.nwfusion.com/columnists/2003/0707backspin.html
 507. http://enterprisesecurity.symantec.com/content.cfm?articleID=1369
 508. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00322091.html
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 511. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00408551.html
 512. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00450966.html
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 515. http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/sec/2001/00477474.html
 516. http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2003/0415aolwield.html?net
 517. http://www.securityfocus.com/news/4217
 518. http://www.thespamavenger.com/
 519. http://www.juicycerebellum.com/spam.htm
 520. http://listen.to/spammers
 521. http://groups.google.com/groups?selm=7iviu5%2475g%241%40bgtnsc03.worldnet.att.net
 522. mailto:gkohler@worldnet.att.net
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 537. http://gandalf.home.digital.net/trollfaq.html