File: papi_native_avail.c

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/* This file utility reports hardware info and native event availability */
/** file papi_native_avail.c
 *	@page papi_native_avail
 * @brief papi_native_avail utility.
 *	@section  NAME
 *		papi_native_avail - provides detailed information for PAPI native events. 
 *
 *	@section Synopsis
 *
 *	@section Description
 *		papi_native_avail is a PAPI utility program that reports information 
 *		about the native events available on the current platform.
 *		A native event is an event specific to a specific hardware platform. 
 *		On many platforms, a specific native event may have a number of optional settings. 
 *		In such cases, the native event and the valid settings are presented, 
 *		rather than every possible combination of those settings.
 *		For each native event, a name, a description, and specific bit patterns are provided.
 *
 *	@section Options
 * <ul>
 * <li>--help, -h    print this help message
 * <li>--check, -c    print this help message
 * <li>-e EVENTNAME  display detailed information about named native event
 * <li>-i EVENTSTR   include only event names that contain EVENTSTR
 * <li>-x EVENTSTR   exclude any event names that contain EVENTSTR
 * <li>--noqual      suppress display of event qualifiers (mask and flag) information\n
 * </ul>
 *
 * Processor-specific options
 * <ul>
 * <li>--darr        display events supporting Data Address Range Restriction
 * <li>--dear        display Data Event Address Register events only
 * <li>--iarr        display events supporting Instruction Address Range Restriction
 * <li>--iear        display Instruction Event Address Register events only
 * <li>--opcm        display events supporting OpCode Matching
 * <li>--nogroups    suppress display of Event grouping information
 * </ul>
 *
 *	@section Bugs
 *		There are no known bugs in this utility.
 *		If you find a bug, it should be reported to the
 *		PAPI Mailing List at <ptools-perfapi@icl.utk.edu>.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include "papi.h"
#include "print_header.h"

#define EVT_LINE 80
#define EVT_LINE_BUF_SIZE 4096

typedef struct command_flags
{
	int help;
	int named;
	int include;
	int xclude;
	int check;
	char *name, *istr, *xstr;
	int darr;
	int dear;
	int iarr;
	int iear;
	int opcm;
	int qualifiers;
	int groups;
} command_flags_t;

static void
print_help( char **argv )
{
	printf( "This is the PAPI native avail program.\n" );
	printf( "It provides availability and details about PAPI Native Events.\n" );
	printf( "Usage: %s [options]\n", argv[0] );
        printf( "Options:\n\n" );
	printf( "\nGeneral command options:\n" );
	printf( "\t-h, --help       print this help message\n" );
	printf( "\t-c, --check      attempts to add each event\n");
	printf( "\t-e EVENTNAME     display detailed information about named native event\n" );
	printf( "\t-i EVENTSTR      include only event names that contain EVENTSTR\n" );
	printf( "\t-x EVENTSTR      exclude any event names that contain EVENTSTR\n" );
	printf( "\t--noqual         suppress display of event qualifiers (mask and flag) information\n" );
	printf( "\nProcessor-specific options:\n");
	printf( "\t--darr           display events supporting Data Address Range Restriction\n" );
	printf( "\t--dear           display Data Event Address Register events only\n" );
	printf( "\t--iarr           display events supporting Instruction Address Range Restriction\n" );
	printf( "\t--iear           display Instruction Event Address Register events only\n" );
	printf( "\t--opcm           display events supporting OpCode Matching\n" );
	printf( "\t--nogroups       suppress display of Event grouping information\n" );
	printf( "\n" );
}

static int
no_str_arg( char *arg )
{
	return ( ( arg == NULL ) || ( strlen( arg ) == 0 ) || ( arg[0] == '-' ) );
}

static void
parse_args( int argc, char **argv, command_flags_t * f )
{
	int i;

	/* Look for all currently defined commands */
	memset( f, 0, sizeof ( command_flags_t ) );
	f->qualifiers = 1;
	f->groups = 1;

	for ( i = 1; i < argc; i++ ) {
		if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--darr" ) )
			f->darr = 1;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--dear" ) )
			f->dear = 1;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--iarr" ) )
			f->iarr = 1;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--iear" ) )
			f->iear = 1;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--opcm" ) )
			f->opcm = 1;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--noqual" ) )
			f->qualifiers = 0;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "--nogroups" ) )
			f->groups = 0;
		else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "-e" ) ) {
			f->named = 1;
			i++;
			f->name = argv[i];
			if ( i >= argc || no_str_arg( f->name ) ) {
				printf( "Invalid argument for -e\n");
				exit(1);
			}
		} else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "-i" ) ) {
			f->include = 1;
			i++;
			f->istr = argv[i];
			if ( i >= argc || no_str_arg( f->istr ) ) {
				printf( "Invalid argument for -i\n");
				exit(1);
			}
		} else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "-x" ) ) {
			f->xclude = 1;
			i++;
			f->xstr = argv[i];
			if ( i >= argc || no_str_arg( f->xstr ) ) {
				printf( "Invalid argument for -x\n");
				exit(1);
			}
		} else if ( strstr( argv[i], "-h" ) ) {
			f->help = 1;
		} else if ( !strcmp( argv[i], "-c" ) || !strcmp( argv[i], "--check" ) ) {
			f->check = 1;
		} else {
			printf( "%s is not supported\n", argv[i] );
			exit(1);
		}
	}

	/* if help requested, print and bail */
	if ( f->help ) {
		print_help( argv);
		exit( 1 );
	}
}

static void
space_pad( char *str, int spaces )
{
	while ( spaces-- > 0 )
		strcat( str, " " );
}

unsigned int event_available = 0;
unsigned int event_output_buffer_size = 0;
char *event_output_buffer = NULL;

static void
check_event( PAPI_event_info_t * info )
{
	int EventSet = PAPI_NULL;

	// if this event has already passed the check test, no need to try this one again
	if (event_available) {
		return;
	}

	if (PAPI_create_eventset (&EventSet) == PAPI_OK) {
		if (PAPI_add_named_event (EventSet, info->symbol) == PAPI_OK) {
			PAPI_remove_named_event (EventSet, info->symbol);
			event_available = 1;
		} // else printf("********** PAPI_add_named_event( %s ) failed: event could not be added \n", info->symbol);
		if ( PAPI_destroy_eventset( &EventSet ) != PAPI_OK ) {
			printf("**********  Call to destroy eventset failed when trying to check event '%s'  **********\n", info->symbol);
		}
	}

	return;
}

static int
format_event_output( PAPI_event_info_t * info, int offset)
{
	unsigned int i, j = 0;
	char event_line_buffer[EVT_LINE_BUF_SIZE];
	char event_line_units[100];

	/* indent by offset */
	if ( offset ) {
		// this one is used for event qualifiers
		sprintf(event_line_buffer, "|     %-73s|\n", info->symbol);
	}
	else {
		// this one is used for new events
		sprintf(event_line_buffer, "| %-73s%4s|\n", info->symbol, "<-->");
	}

	while ( j <= strlen( info->long_descr ) ) {
		// The event_line_buffer is used to collect an event or mask name and its description.
		// The description will be folded to keep the length of output lines reasonable.  So this
		// buffer may contain multiple lines of print output.  Check to make sure there is room
		// for another line of print output.  If there is not enough room for another output line
		// just exit the loop and truncate the description field (the buffer is big enough this
		// should not happen).
		if ((EVT_LINE_BUF_SIZE - strlen(event_line_buffer)) < EVT_LINE) {
			printf ("Event or mask description has been truncated.\n");
			break;
		}

		// get amount of description that will fit in an output line
		i = EVT_LINE - 12 - 2;
		// start of a description line
		strcat(event_line_buffer,"|            " );
		// if we need to copy less than what fits in this line, move it and exit loop
		if (i > strlen(&info->long_descr[j])) {
			strcat( event_line_buffer, &info->long_descr[j]);
			space_pad( event_line_buffer, i - strlen(&info->long_descr[j]));
			strcat( event_line_buffer, "|\n" );
			break;
		}

		// move what will fit into the line then loop back to do the rest in a new line
		int k = strlen(event_line_buffer);
		strncat( event_line_buffer, &info->long_descr[j], i );
		event_line_buffer[k+i] = '\0';
		strcat( event_line_buffer, "|\n" );

		// bump index past what we copied
		j += i;
	}

	// also show the units for this event if a unit name has been set
	event_line_units[0] = '\0';
	if (info->units[0] != 0) {
		sprintf(event_line_units, "|     Units: %-66s|\n", info->units );
	}

	// get the amount of used space in the output buffer
	int out_buf_used = 0;
	if ((event_output_buffer_size > 0) && (event_output_buffer != NULL)) {
		out_buf_used = strlen(event_output_buffer);
	}

	// if this will not fit in output buffer, make it bigger
	if (event_output_buffer_size < out_buf_used + strlen(event_line_buffer) + strlen(event_line_units) + 1) {
		if (event_output_buffer_size == 0) {
			event_output_buffer_size = 1024;
			event_output_buffer = calloc(1, event_output_buffer_size);
		} else {
			event_output_buffer_size += 1024;
			event_output_buffer = realloc(event_output_buffer, event_output_buffer_size);
		}
	}

	// make sure we got the memory we asked for
	if (event_output_buffer == NULL) {
		fprintf(stderr,"Error!  Allocation of output buffer memory failed.\n");
		return errno;
	}

	strcat(event_output_buffer, event_line_buffer);
	strcat(event_output_buffer, event_line_units);

	return 0;
}

static void
print_event_output(int val_flag)
{
	// first we need to update the available flag at the beginning of the buffer
	// this needs to reflect if this event name by itself or the event name with one of the qualifiers worked
	// if none of the combinations worked then we will show the event as not available
	char *val_flag_ptr = strstr(event_output_buffer, "<-->");
	if (val_flag_ptr != NULL) {
		if ((val_flag) && (event_available == 0)) {
			// event is not available, update the place holder (replace the <--> with <NA>)
			*(val_flag_ptr+1) = 'N';
			*(val_flag_ptr+2) = 'A';
		} else {
			event_available = 0;       // reset this flag for next event
			// event is available, just remove the place holder (replace the <--> with spaces)
			*val_flag_ptr = ' ';
			*(val_flag_ptr+1) = ' ';
			*(val_flag_ptr+2) = ' ';
			*(val_flag_ptr+3) = ' ';
		}
	}

	// now we can finally send this events output to the user
	printf( "%s", event_output_buffer);
//	printf( "--------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n" );

	event_output_buffer[0] = '\0';          // start the next event with an empty buffer
	return;
}

static int
parse_event_qualifiers( PAPI_event_info_t * info )
{
	char *pmask,*ptr;

	/* handle the PAPI component-style events which have a component:::event type */
	if ((ptr=strstr(info->symbol, ":::"))) {
		ptr+=3;
		/* handle libpfm4-style events which have a pmu::event type event name */
	} else if ((ptr=strstr(info->symbol, "::"))) {
		ptr+=2;
	}
	else {
		ptr=info->symbol;
	}

	if ( ( pmask = strchr( ptr, ':' ) ) == NULL ) {
		return ( 0 );
	}
	memmove( info->symbol, pmask, ( strlen(pmask) + 1 ) * sizeof(char) );

	//  The description field contains the event description followed by a tag 'masks:'
	//  and then the mask description (if there was a mask with this event).  The following
	//  code isolates the mask description part of this information.

	pmask = strstr( info->long_descr, "masks:" );
	if ( pmask == NULL ) {
		info->long_descr[0] = 0;
	} else {
		pmask += 6;        // bump pointer past 'masks:' identifier in description
		memmove( info->long_descr, pmask, (strlen(pmask) + 1) * sizeof(char) );
	}
	return ( 1 );
}

int
main( int argc, char **argv )
{
	int i, k;
	int num_events;
	int num_cmp_events = 0;
	int retval;
	PAPI_event_info_t info;
	const PAPI_hw_info_t *hwinfo = NULL;
	command_flags_t flags;
	int enum_modifier;
	int numcmp, cid;

	/* Initialize before parsing the input arguments */
	retval = PAPI_library_init( PAPI_VER_CURRENT );
	if ( retval != PAPI_VER_CURRENT ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Error! PAPI_library_init\n");
		return retval;
	}

	/* Parse the command-line arguments */
	parse_args( argc, argv, &flags );

	/* Set enum modifier mask */
	if ( flags.dear )
		enum_modifier = PAPI_NTV_ENUM_DEAR;
	else if ( flags.darr )
		enum_modifier = PAPI_NTV_ENUM_DARR;
	else if ( flags.iear )
		enum_modifier = PAPI_NTV_ENUM_IEAR;
	else if ( flags.iarr )
		enum_modifier = PAPI_NTV_ENUM_IARR;
	else if ( flags.opcm )
		enum_modifier = PAPI_NTV_ENUM_OPCM;
	else
		enum_modifier = PAPI_ENUM_EVENTS;

	retval = PAPI_set_debug( PAPI_VERB_ECONT );
	if ( retval != PAPI_OK ) {
		fprintf(stderr,"Error!  PAPI_set_debug\n");
		return retval;
	}

	retval = papi_print_header( "Available native events and hardware information.\n", &hwinfo );
	if ( retval != PAPI_OK ) {
		fprintf(stderr,"Error!  PAPI_get_hardware_info\n");
		return 2;
	}

	/* Do this code if the event name option was specified on the commandline */
	if ( flags.named ) {
		if ( PAPI_event_name_to_code( flags.name, &i ) == PAPI_OK ) {
			if ( PAPI_get_event_info( i, &info ) == PAPI_OK ) {
				printf( "Event name:     %s\n",	info.symbol);
				printf( "Description:    %s\n", info.long_descr );

				/* handle the PAPI component-style events which have a component:::event type */
				char *ptr;
				if ((ptr=strstr(flags.name, ":::"))) {
					ptr+=3;
					/* handle libpfm4-style events which have a pmu::event type event name */
				} else if ((ptr=strstr(flags.name, "::"))) {
					ptr+=2;
				}
				else {
					ptr=flags.name;
				}

				/* if event qualifiers exist but none specified, process all */
				if ( !strchr( ptr, ':' ) ) {
					if ( PAPI_enum_event( &i, PAPI_NTV_ENUM_UMASKS ) == PAPI_OK ) {
						printf( "\nQualifiers:         Name -- Description\n" );
						do {
							retval = PAPI_get_event_info( i, &info );
							if ( retval == PAPI_OK ) {
								if ( parse_event_qualifiers( &info ) ) {
									printf( "      Info:   %10s -- %s\n", info.symbol, info.long_descr );
								}
							}
						} while ( PAPI_enum_event( &i, PAPI_NTV_ENUM_UMASKS ) == PAPI_OK );
					}
				}
			}
		} else {
			printf("Sorry, an event by the name '%s' could not be found.\n",
					flags.name);
			printf("Is it typed correctly?\n\n");
			exit( 1 );
		}
		return 0;
	}

	// Look at all the events and qualifiers and print the information the user has asked for */

	numcmp = PAPI_num_components(  );

	num_events = 0;

	for ( cid = 0; cid < numcmp; cid++ ) {
		const PAPI_component_info_t *component;
		component=PAPI_get_component_info(cid);

		/* Skip disabled components */
		if (component->disabled) continue;

		printf( "===============================================================================\n" );
		printf( " Native Events in Component: %s\n",component->name);
		printf( "===============================================================================\n" );

		// show this component has not found any events yet
		num_cmp_events = 0;

		/* Always ASK FOR the first event */
		/* Don't just assume it'll be the first numeric value */
		i = 0 | PAPI_NATIVE_MASK;

		retval=PAPI_enum_cmp_event( &i, PAPI_ENUM_FIRST, cid );

		if (retval==PAPI_OK) {
			do {
				memset( &info, 0, sizeof ( info ) );
				retval = PAPI_get_event_info( i, &info );

				/* This event may not exist */
				if ( retval != PAPI_OK ) continue;

				/* Bail if event name doesn't contain include string */
				if ( flags.include && !strstr( info.symbol, flags.istr ) ) continue;

				/* Bail if event name does contain exclude string */
				if ( flags.xclude && strstr( info.symbol, flags.xstr ) ) continue;

				// if not the first event in this component, put out a divider
				if (num_cmp_events) {
					printf( "--------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n" );
				}

				/* count only events that are actually processed */
				num_events++;
				num_cmp_events++;

				if (flags.check){
					check_event(&info);
				}

				format_event_output( &info, 0);

				/*		modifier = PAPI_NTV_ENUM_GROUPS returns event codes with a
						groups id for each group in which this
						native event lives, in bits 16 - 23 of event code
						terminating with PAPI_ENOEVNT at the end of the list.
						*/

				/* This is an IBM Power issue */
				if ( flags.groups ) {
					k = i;
					if ( PAPI_enum_cmp_event( &k, PAPI_NTV_ENUM_GROUPS, cid ) == PAPI_OK ) {
						printf( "Groups: " );
						do {
							printf( "%4d", ( ( k & PAPI_NTV_GROUP_AND_MASK ) >>
										PAPI_NTV_GROUP_SHIFT ) - 1 );
						} while ( PAPI_enum_cmp_event( &k, PAPI_NTV_ENUM_GROUPS, cid ) ==PAPI_OK );
						printf( "\n" );
					}
				}

				// If the user has asked us to check the events then we need to
				// walk the list of qualifiers and try to check the event with each one.
				// Even if the user does not want to display the qualifiers this is necessary
				// to be able to correctly report which events can be used on this system.
				//
				// We also need to walk the list if the user wants to see the qualifiers.

				if (flags.qualifiers || flags.check){
					k = i;
					if ( PAPI_enum_cmp_event( &k, PAPI_NTV_ENUM_UMASKS, cid ) == PAPI_OK ) {
						// clear event string using first mask
						char first_event_mask_string[PAPI_HUGE_STR_LEN] = "";

						do {
							retval = PAPI_get_event_info( k, &info );
							if ( retval == PAPI_OK ) {
								// if first event mask string not set yet, set it now
								if (strlen(first_event_mask_string) == 0) {
									strcpy (first_event_mask_string, info.symbol);
								}

								if ( flags.check ) {
									check_event(&info);
								}
								// now test if the event qualifiers should be displayed to the user
								if ( flags.qualifiers ) {
									if ( parse_event_qualifiers( &info ) )
										format_event_output( &info, 2);
								}
							}
						} while ( PAPI_enum_cmp_event( &k, PAPI_NTV_ENUM_UMASKS, cid ) == PAPI_OK );
						// if we are validating events and the event_available flag is not set yet, try a few more combinations
						if (flags.check  && (event_available == 0)) {
							// try using the event with the first mask defined for the event and the cpu mask
							// this is a kludge but many of the uncore events require an event specific mask (usually
							// the first one defined will do) and they all require the cpu mask
							strcpy (info.symbol, first_event_mask_string);
							strcat (info.symbol, ":cpu=1");
							check_event(&info);
						}
						if (flags.check  && (event_available == 0)) {
							// an even bigger kludge is that there are 4 snpep_unc_pcu events which require the 'ff' and 'cpu' qualifiers to work correctly.
							// if nothing else has worked, this code will try those two qualifiers with the current event name to see if it works
							strcpy (info.symbol, first_event_mask_string);
							char *wptr = strrchr (info.symbol, ':');
							if (wptr != NULL) {
								*wptr = '\0';
								strcat (info.symbol, ":ff=64:cpu=1");
								check_event(&info);
							}
						}
					}
				}
				print_event_output(flags.check);
			} while (PAPI_enum_cmp_event( &i, enum_modifier, cid ) == PAPI_OK );
		}
	}

	if (num_cmp_events != 0) {
		printf( "--------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n" );
	}
	printf( "\nTotal events reported: %d\n", num_events );

	if (num_events==0) {
		printf("\nNo events detected!  Check papi_component_avail to find out why.\n");
		printf("\n");
	}


	return 0;
}