File: iputils.hh

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/*
    PowerDNS Versatile Database Driven Nameserver
    Copyright (C) 2002 - 2008  PowerDNS.COM BV

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2
    as published by the Free Software Foundation
    

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
*/
#ifndef PDNS_IPUTILSHH
#define PDNS_IPUTILSHH

#include <string>

#ifndef WIN32
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif // WIN32

#include <iostream>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <functional>
#include "ahuexception.hh"
#include "misc.hh"
#include <boost/tuple/tuple.hpp>
#include <boost/tuple/tuple_comparison.hpp>
#include <boost/lexical_cast.hpp>

using namespace std;

union ComboAddress {
  struct sockaddr_in sin4;
  struct sockaddr_in6 sin6;

  bool operator==(const ComboAddress& rhs) const
  {
    if(boost::tie(sin4.sin_family, sin4.sin_port) != boost::tie(rhs.sin4.sin_family, rhs.sin4.sin_port))
      return false;
    if(sin4.sin_family == AF_INET)
      return sin4.sin_addr.s_addr == rhs.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr;
    else
      return memcmp(&sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, &rhs.sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, 16)==0;
  }

  bool operator<(const ComboAddress& rhs) const
  {
    if(boost::tie(sin4.sin_family, sin4.sin_port) < boost::tie(rhs.sin4.sin_family, rhs.sin4.sin_port))
      return true;
    if(boost::tie(sin4.sin_family, sin4.sin_port) > boost::tie(rhs.sin4.sin_family, rhs.sin4.sin_port))
      return false;
    
    if(sin4.sin_family == AF_INET)
      return sin4.sin_addr.s_addr < rhs.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr;
    else
      return memcmp(&sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, &rhs.sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, 16) < 0;
  }

  bool operator>(const ComboAddress& rhs) const
  {
    if(boost::tie(sin4.sin_family, sin4.sin_port) > boost::tie(rhs.sin4.sin_family, rhs.sin4.sin_port))
      return true;
    if(boost::tie(sin4.sin_family, sin4.sin_port) < boost::tie(rhs.sin4.sin_family, rhs.sin4.sin_port))
      return false;
    
    if(sin4.sin_family == AF_INET)
      return sin4.sin_addr.s_addr > rhs.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr;
    else
      return memcmp(&sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, &rhs.sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, 16) > 0;
  }

  struct addressOnlyLessThan: public binary_function<string, string, bool>
  {
    bool operator()(const ComboAddress& a, const ComboAddress& b) const
    {
      if(a.sin4.sin_family < b.sin4.sin_family)
        return true;
      if(a.sin4.sin_family > b.sin4.sin_family)
        return false;
      if(a.sin4.sin_family == AF_INET)
        return a.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr < b.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr;
      else
        return memcmp(&a.sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, &b.sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, 16) < 0;
    }
  };

  socklen_t getSocklen() const
  {
    if(sin4.sin_family == AF_INET)
      return sizeof(sin4);
    else
      return sizeof(sin6);
  }
  
  ComboAddress() 
  {
    sin4.sin_family=AF_INET;
    sin4.sin_addr.s_addr=0;
    sin4.sin_port=0;
  }

  explicit ComboAddress(const string& str, uint16_t port=0)
  {
    memset(&sin6, 0, sizeof(sin6));
    sin4.sin_family = AF_INET;
    sin4.sin_port=htons(port);
    if(!IpToU32(str, (uint32_t*)&sin4.sin_addr.s_addr)) {
      sin6.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
      if(Utility::inet_pton(AF_INET6, str.c_str(), &sin6.sin6_addr) <= 0)
        throw AhuException("Unable to convert presentation address '"+ str +"'"); 
    }
  }

  bool isMappedIPv4()  const
  {
    if(sin4.sin_family!=AF_INET6)
      return false;
    
    int n=0;
    const unsigned char*ptr = (unsigned char*) &sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr;
    for(n=0; n < 10; ++n)
      if(ptr[n])
        return false;
    
    for(; n < 12; ++n)
      if(ptr[n]!=0xff)
        return false;
    
    return true;
  }
  
  ComboAddress mapToIPv4() const
  {
    if(!isMappedIPv4())
      throw AhuException("ComboAddress can't map non-mapped IPv6 address back to IPv4");
    ComboAddress ret;
    ret.sin4.sin_family=AF_INET;
    ret.sin4.sin_port=sin4.sin_port;
    
    const unsigned char*ptr = (unsigned char*) &sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr;
    ptr+=12;
    memcpy(&ret.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr, ptr, 4);
    return ret;
  }

  string toString() const
  {
    char tmp[128];
    if(sin4.sin_family==AF_INET && !Utility::inet_ntop(AF_INET, ( const char * ) &sin4.sin_addr, tmp, sizeof(tmp)))
      return tmp;

    if(sin4.sin_family==AF_INET6 && !Utility::inet_ntop(AF_INET6, ( const char * ) &sin6.sin6_addr, tmp, sizeof(tmp)))
      return tmp;
      
    return tmp;
  }

  string toStringWithPort() const
  {
    if(sin4.sin_family==AF_INET)
      return toString() + ":" + boost::lexical_cast<string>(ntohs(sin4.sin_port));
    else
      return "["+toString() + "]:" + boost::lexical_cast<string>(ntohs(sin4.sin_port));
  }
};

/** This exception is thrown by the Netmask class and by extension by the NetmaskGroup class */
class NetmaskException: public AhuException 
{
public:
  NetmaskException(const string &a) : AhuException(a) {}
};

inline ComboAddress makeComboAddress(const string& str)
{
  ComboAddress address;
  address.sin4.sin_family=AF_INET;
  if(Utility::inet_pton(AF_INET, str.c_str(), &address.sin4.sin_addr) <= 0) {
    address.sin4.sin_family=AF_INET6;
    if(Utility::inet_pton(AF_INET6, str.c_str(), &address.sin6.sin6_addr) <= 0)
      throw NetmaskException("Unable to convert '"+str+"' to a netmask");        
  }
  return address;
}

/** This class represents a netmask and can be queried to see if a certain
    IP address is matched by this mask */
class Netmask
{
public:
  //! Constructor supplies the mask, which cannot be changed 
  Netmask(const string &mask) 
  {
    pair<string,string> split=splitField(mask,'/');
    d_network=makeComboAddress(split.first);
    
    if(!split.second.empty()) {
      d_bits = (uint8_t) atoi(split.second.c_str());
      if(d_bits<32)
        d_mask=~(0xFFFFFFFF>>d_bits);
      else
        d_mask=0xFFFFFFFF;
    }
    else if(d_network.sin4.sin_family==AF_INET) {
      d_bits = 32;
      d_mask = 0xFFFFFFFF;
    }
    else {
      d_bits=128;
      d_mask=0;  // silence silly warning - d_mask is unused for IPv6
    }
  }

  bool match(const ComboAddress& ip) const
  {
    return match(&ip);
  }

  //! If this IP address in socket address matches
  bool match(const ComboAddress *ip) const
  {
    if(d_network.sin4.sin_family != ip->sin4.sin_family) {
      return false;
    }
    if(d_network.sin4.sin_family == AF_INET) {
      return match4(htonl((unsigned int)ip->sin4.sin_addr.s_addr));
    }
    if(d_network.sin6.sin6_family == AF_INET6) {
      uint8_t bytes=d_bits/8, n;
      const uint8_t *us=(const uint8_t*) &d_network.sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr;
      const uint8_t *them=(const uint8_t*) &ip->sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr;
      
      for(n=0; n < bytes; ++n) {
        if(us[n]!=them[n]) {
          return false;
        }
      }
      // still here, now match remaining bits
      uint8_t bits= d_bits % 8;
      uint8_t mask= ~(0xFF>>bits);

      return((us[n] & mask) == (them[n] & mask));
    }
    return false;
  }

  //! If this ASCII IP address matches
  bool match(const string &ip) const
  {
    ComboAddress address=makeComboAddress(ip);
    return match(&address);
  }

  //! If this IP address in native format matches
  bool match4(uint32_t ip) const
  {
    return (ip & d_mask) == (ntohl(d_network.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr) & d_mask);
  }

  string toString() const
  {
    return d_network.toString()+"/"+boost::lexical_cast<string>(d_bits);
  }

private:
  ComboAddress d_network;
  uint32_t d_mask;
  uint8_t d_bits;
};

/** This class represents a group of supplemental Netmask classes. An IP address matchs
    if it is matched by zero or more of the Netmask classes within.
*/
class NetmaskGroup
{
public:
  //! If this IP address is matched by any of the classes within
  bool match(const ComboAddress *ip)
  {
    for(container_t::const_iterator i=d_masks.begin();i!=d_masks.end();++i)
      if(i->match(ip) || (ip->isMappedIPv4() && i->match(ip->mapToIPv4()) ))
        return true;

    return false;
  }
  //! Add this Netmask to the list of possible matches
  void addMask(const string &ip)
  {
    d_masks.push_back(Netmask(ip));
  }
  
  bool empty()
  {
    return d_masks.empty();
  }

  unsigned int size()
  {
    return (unsigned int)d_masks.size();
  }

  string toString() const
  {
    ostringstream str;
    for(container_t::const_iterator iter = d_masks.begin(); iter != d_masks.end(); ++iter) {
      if(iter != d_masks.begin())
        str <<", ";
      str<<iter->toString();
    }
    return str.str();
  }


private:
  typedef vector<Netmask> container_t;
  container_t d_masks;
  
};

#endif