File: filterpo.cc

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/*
 * This file is part of PowerDNS or dnsdist.
 * Copyright -- PowerDNS.COM B.V. and its contributors
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * In addition, for the avoidance of any doubt, permission is granted to
 * link this program with OpenSSL and to (re)distribute the binaries
 * produced as the result of such linking.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

#include <cinttypes>
#include <iostream>

#include "filterpo.hh"
#include "namespaces.hh"
#include "dnsrecords.hh"

DNSFilterEngine::DNSFilterEngine()
{
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::findQNamePolicy(const DNSName& qname, DNSFilterEngine::Policy& pol) const
{
  return findNamedPolicy(d_qpolName, qname, pol);
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::findNSPolicy(const DNSName& qname, DNSFilterEngine::Policy& pol) const
{
  return findNamedPolicy(d_propolName, qname, pol);
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::findNSIPPolicy(const ComboAddress& addr, DNSFilterEngine::Policy& pol) const
{
  if (const auto fnd = d_propolNSAddr.lookup(addr)) {
    pol = fnd->second;
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::findResponsePolicy(const ComboAddress& addr, DNSFilterEngine::Policy& pol) const
{
  if (const auto fnd = d_postpolAddr.lookup(addr)) {
    pol = fnd->second;
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::findClientPolicy(const ComboAddress& addr, DNSFilterEngine::Policy& pol) const
{
  if (const auto fnd = d_qpolAddr.lookup(addr)) {
    pol = fnd->second;
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::findNamedPolicy(const std::unordered_map<DNSName, DNSFilterEngine::Policy>& polmap, const DNSName& qname, DNSFilterEngine::Policy& pol) const
{
  /* for www.powerdns.com, we need to check:
     www.powerdns.com.
       *.powerdns.com.
                *.com.
                    *.
   */

  std::unordered_map<DNSName, DNSFilterEngine::Policy>::const_iterator iter;
  iter = polmap.find(qname);

  if(iter != polmap.end()) {
    pol=iter->second;
    return true;
  }

  DNSName s(qname);
  while(s.chopOff()){
    iter = polmap.find(g_wildcarddnsname+s);
    if(iter != polmap.end()) {
      pol=iter->second;
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}

DNSFilterEngine::Policy DNSFilterEngine::getProcessingPolicy(const DNSName& qname, const std::unordered_map<std::string,bool>& discardedPolicies) const
{
  //  cout<<"Got question for nameserver name "<<qname<<endl;
  Policy pol;
  for(const auto& z : d_zones) {
    const auto zoneName = z->getName();
    if(zoneName && discardedPolicies.find(*zoneName) != discardedPolicies.end()) {
      continue;
    }

    if(z->findNSPolicy(qname, pol)) {
      //      cerr<<"Had a hit on the nameserver ("<<qname<<") used to process the query"<<endl;
      return pol;
    }
  }
  return pol;
}

DNSFilterEngine::Policy DNSFilterEngine::getProcessingPolicy(const ComboAddress& address, const std::unordered_map<std::string,bool>& discardedPolicies) const
{
  Policy pol;
  //  cout<<"Got question for nameserver IP "<<address.toString()<<endl;
  for(const auto& z : d_zones) {
    const auto zoneName = z->getName();
    if(zoneName && discardedPolicies.find(*zoneName) != discardedPolicies.end()) {
      continue;
    }

    if(z->findNSIPPolicy(address, pol)) {
      //      cerr<<"Had a hit on the nameserver ("<<address.toString()<<") used to process the query"<<endl;
      return pol;
    }
  }
  return pol;
}

DNSFilterEngine::Policy DNSFilterEngine::getQueryPolicy(const DNSName& qname, const ComboAddress& ca, const std::unordered_map<std::string,bool>& discardedPolicies) const
{
  //  cout<<"Got question for "<<qname<<" from "<<ca.toString()<<endl;
  Policy pol;
  for(const auto& z : d_zones) {
    const auto zoneName = z->getName();
    if(zoneName && discardedPolicies.find(*zoneName) != discardedPolicies.end()) {
      continue;
    }

    if(z->findQNamePolicy(qname, pol)) {
      //      cerr<<"Had a hit on the name of the query"<<endl;
      return pol;
    }

    if(z->findClientPolicy(ca, pol)) {
      //	cerr<<"Had a hit on the IP address ("<<ca.toString()<<") of the client"<<endl;
      return pol;
    }
  }

  return pol;
}

DNSFilterEngine::Policy DNSFilterEngine::getPostPolicy(const vector<DNSRecord>& records, const std::unordered_map<std::string,bool>& discardedPolicies) const
{
  Policy pol;
  ComboAddress ca;
  for(const auto& r : records) {
    if(r.d_place != DNSResourceRecord::ANSWER)
      continue;
    if(r.d_type == QType::A) {
      if (auto rec = getRR<ARecordContent>(r)) {
        ca = rec->getCA();
      }
    }
    else if(r.d_type == QType::AAAA) {
      if (auto rec = getRR<AAAARecordContent>(r)) {
        ca = rec->getCA();
      }
    }
    else
      continue;

    for(const auto& z : d_zones) {
      const auto zoneName = z->getName();
      if(zoneName && discardedPolicies.find(*zoneName) != discardedPolicies.end()) {
        continue;
      }

      if(z->findResponsePolicy(ca, pol)) {
	return pol;
      }
    }
  }
  return pol;
}

void DNSFilterEngine::assureZones(size_t zone)
{
  if(d_zones.size() <= zone)
    d_zones.resize(zone+1);
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::addClientTrigger(const Netmask& nm, Policy pol)
{
  pol.d_name = d_name;
  pol.d_type = PolicyType::ClientIP;
  d_qpolAddr.insert(nm).second=pol;
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::addResponseTrigger(const Netmask& nm, Policy pol)
{
  pol.d_name = d_name;
  pol.d_type = PolicyType::ResponseIP;
  d_postpolAddr.insert(nm).second=pol;
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::addQNameTrigger(const DNSName& n, Policy pol)
{
  pol.d_name = d_name;
  pol.d_type = PolicyType::QName;
  d_qpolName[n]=pol;
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::addNSTrigger(const DNSName& n, Policy pol)
{
  pol.d_name = d_name;
  pol.d_type = PolicyType::NSDName;
  d_propolName[n]=pol;
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::addNSIPTrigger(const Netmask& nm, Policy pol)
{
  pol.d_name = d_name;
  pol.d_type = PolicyType::NSIP;
  d_propolNSAddr.insert(nm).second = pol;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::rmClientTrigger(const Netmask& nm, Policy pol)
{
  d_qpolAddr.erase(nm);
  return true;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::rmResponseTrigger(const Netmask& nm, Policy pol)
{
  d_postpolAddr.erase(nm);
  return true;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::rmQNameTrigger(const DNSName& n, Policy pol)
{
  d_qpolName.erase(n); // XXX verify we had identical policy?
  return true;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::rmNSTrigger(const DNSName& n, Policy pol)
{
  d_propolName.erase(n); // XXX verify policy matched? =pol;
  return true;
}

bool DNSFilterEngine::Zone::rmNSIPTrigger(const Netmask& nm, Policy pol)
{
  d_propolNSAddr.erase(nm);
  return true;
}

DNSRecord DNSFilterEngine::Policy::getCustomRecord(const DNSName& qname) const
{
  if (d_kind != PolicyKind::Custom) {
    throw std::runtime_error("Asking for a custom record from a filtering policy of a non-custom type");
  }

  DNSRecord result;
  result.d_name = qname;
  result.d_type = d_custom->getType();
  result.d_ttl = d_ttl;
  result.d_class = QClass::IN;
  result.d_place = DNSResourceRecord::ANSWER;
  result.d_content = d_custom;

  if (result.d_type == QType::CNAME) {
    const auto content = std::dynamic_pointer_cast<CNAMERecordContent>(d_custom);
    if (content) {
      DNSName target = content->getTarget();
      if (target.isWildcard()) {
        target.chopOff();
        result.d_content = std::make_shared<CNAMERecordContent>(qname + target);
      }
    }
  }

  return result;
}

std::string DNSFilterEngine::Policy::getKindToString() const
{
  static const DNSName drop("rpz-drop."), truncate("rpz-tcp-only."), noaction("rpz-passthru.");
  static const DNSName rpzClientIP("rpz-client-ip"), rpzIP("rpz-ip"),
    rpzNSDname("rpz-nsdname"), rpzNSIP("rpz-nsip.");
  static const std::string rpzPrefix("rpz-");

  switch(d_kind) {
  case DNSFilterEngine::PolicyKind::NoAction:
    return noaction.toString();
  case DNSFilterEngine::PolicyKind::Drop:
    return drop.toString();
  case DNSFilterEngine::PolicyKind::NXDOMAIN:
    return g_rootdnsname.toString();
  case PolicyKind::NODATA:
    return g_wildcarddnsname.toString();
  case DNSFilterEngine::PolicyKind::Truncate:
    return truncate.toString();
  default:
    throw std::runtime_error("Unexpected DNSFilterEngine::Policy kind");
  }
}

DNSRecord DNSFilterEngine::Policy::getRecord(const DNSName& qname) const
{
  DNSRecord dr;

  if (d_kind == PolicyKind::Custom) {
    dr = getCustomRecord(qname);
  }
  else {
    dr.d_name = qname;
    dr.d_ttl = static_cast<uint32_t>(d_ttl);
    dr.d_type = QType::CNAME;
    dr.d_class = QClass::IN;
    dr.d_content = DNSRecordContent::mastermake(QType::CNAME, QClass::IN, getKindToString());
  }

  return dr;
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::dumpNamedPolicy(FILE* fp, const DNSName& name, const Policy& pol) const
{
  DNSRecord dr = pol.getRecord(name);
  fprintf(fp, "%s %" PRIu32 " IN %s %s\n", dr.d_name.toString().c_str(), dr.d_ttl, QType(dr.d_type).getName().c_str(), dr.d_content->getZoneRepresentation().c_str());
}

DNSName DNSFilterEngine::Zone::maskToRPZ(const Netmask& nm)
{
  int bits = nm.getBits();
  DNSName res(std::to_string(bits));
  const auto addr = nm.getNetwork();

  if (addr.isIPv4()) {
    const uint8_t* bytes = reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(&addr.sin4.sin_addr.s_addr);
    res += DNSName(std::to_string(bytes[3]) + "." + std::to_string(bytes[2]) + "." + std::to_string(bytes[1]) + "." + std::to_string(bytes[0]));
  }
  else {
    DNSName temp;
    const auto str = addr.toString();
    const auto len = str.size();
    std::string::size_type begin = 0;

    while (begin < len) {
      std::string::size_type end = str.find(":", begin);
      std::string sub;
      if (end != string::npos) {
        sub = str.substr(begin, end - begin);
      }
      else {
        sub = str.substr(begin);
      }

      if (sub.empty()) {
        temp = DNSName("zz") + temp;
      }
      else {
        temp = DNSName(sub) + temp;
      }

      if (end == string::npos) {
        break;
      }
      begin = end + 1;
    }
    res += temp;
  }

  return res;
}


void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::dumpAddrPolicy(FILE* fp, const Netmask& nm, const DNSName& name, const Policy& pol) const
{
  DNSName full = maskToRPZ(nm);
  full += name;

  DNSRecord dr = pol.getRecord(full);
  fprintf(fp, "%s %" PRIu32 " IN %s %s\n", dr.d_name.toString().c_str(), dr.d_ttl, QType(dr.d_type).getName().c_str(), dr.d_content->getZoneRepresentation().c_str());
}

void DNSFilterEngine::Zone::dump(FILE* fp) const
{
  /* fake the SOA record */
  auto soa = DNSRecordContent::mastermake(QType::SOA, QClass::IN, "fake.RPZ. hostmaster.fake.RPZ. " + std::to_string(d_serial) + " " + std::to_string(d_refresh) + " 600 3600000 604800");
  fprintf(fp, "%s IN SOA %s\n", d_domain.toString().c_str(), soa->getZoneRepresentation().c_str());

  for (const auto& pair : d_qpolName) {
    dumpNamedPolicy(fp, pair.first + d_domain, pair.second);
  }

  for (const auto& pair : d_propolName) {
    dumpNamedPolicy(fp, pair.first + DNSName("rpz-nsdname.") + d_domain, pair.second);
  }

  for (const auto pair : d_qpolAddr) {
    dumpAddrPolicy(fp, pair->first, DNSName("rpz-client-ip.") + d_domain, pair->second);
  }

  for (const auto pair : d_propolNSAddr) {
    dumpAddrPolicy(fp, pair->first, DNSName("rpz-nsip.") + d_domain, pair->second);
  }

  for (const auto pair : d_postpolAddr) {
    dumpAddrPolicy(fp, pair->first, DNSName("rpz-ip.") + d_domain, pair->second);
  }
}