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                <h1>perlgpl</h1>
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                Perl 5 version 26.0 documentation
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            <h1>perlgpl</h1>


  <!--    -->
<ul><li><a href="#SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a><li><a href="#DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a><li><a href="#GNU-GENERAL-PUBLIC-LICENSE">GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE</a></ul><a name="SYNOPSIS"></a><h1>SYNOPSIS</h1>
<pre class="verbatim"><ol><li> You can refer to this document in Pod via "L&lt;perlgpl&gt;"</li><li> Or you can see this document by entering "perldoc perlgpl"</li></ol></pre><a name="DESCRIPTION"></a><h1>DESCRIPTION</h1>
<p>Perl is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of either:</p>
<pre class="verbatim"><ol><li>        a) the GNU General Public License as published by the Free</li><li>        Software Foundation; either version 1, or (at your option) any</li><li>        later version, or</li><li></li><li>        b) the "Artistic License" which comes with this Kit.</li></ol></pre><p>This is the <b>"GNU General Public License, version 1"</b>.
It's here so that modules, programs, etc., that want to declare
this as their distribution license can link to it.</p>
<p>For the Perl Artistic License, see <a href="perlartistic.html">perlartistic</a>.</p>
<a name="GNU-GENERAL-PUBLIC-LICENSE"></a><h1>GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE</h1>
<pre class="verbatim"><ol><li>                    <span class="w">GNU</span> <span class="w">GENERAL</span> <span class="w">PUBLIC</span> <span class="w">LICENSE</span></li><li>                     <span class="w">Version</span> <span class="n">1</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">February</span> <span class="n">1989</span></li><li></li><li>  <span class="w">Copyright</span> <span class="s">(</span><span class="w">C</span><span class="s">)</span> <span class="n">1989</span> <span class="w">Free</span> <span class="w">Software</span> <span class="w">Foundation</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">Inc</span>.</li><li>                <span class="n">51</span> <span class="w">Franklin</span> <span class="w">St</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">Fifth</span> <span class="w">Floor</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">Boston</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">MA</span>  <span class="n">02110</span>-<span class="n">1301</span>  <span class="w">USA</span></li><li></li><li>  <span class="w">Everyone</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">permitted</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">copy</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">distribute</span> <span class="w">verbatim</span> <span class="w">copies</span></li><li>  <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">this</span> <span class="w">license</span> <span class="w">document</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">but</span> <span class="w">changing</span> <span class="w">it</span> <span class="w">is</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/not.html">not</a> <span class="w">allowed</span>.</li><li></li><li>                            <span class="w">Preamble</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">The</span> <span class="w">license</span> <span class="w">agreements</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">most</span> <span class="w">software</span> <span class="w">companies</span> <span class="w">try</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">keep</span> <span class="w">users</span></li><li> <span class="w">at</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">mercy</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">those</span> <span class="w">companies</span>.  <span class="w">By</span> <span class="w">contrast</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/our.html">our</a> <span class="w">General</span> <span class="w">Public</span></li><li> <span class="w">License</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">intended</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">guarantee</span> <span class="w">your</span> <span class="w">freedom</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">share</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">change</span> <span class="w">free</span></li><li> <span class="w">software</span>--<span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">make</span> <span class="w">sure</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">software</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">free</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/for.html">for</a> <span class="w">all</span> <span class="w">its</span> <span class="w">users</span>.  <span class="w">The</span></li><li> <span class="w">General</span> <span class="w">Public</span> <span class="w">License</span> <span class="w">applies</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Free</span> <span class="w">Software</span> <span class="w">Foundation&#39;s</span></li><li> <span class="w">software</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">any</span> <span class="w">other</span> <span class="w">program</span> <span class="w">whose</span> <span class="w">authors</span> <span class="w">commit</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">using</span> <span class="w">it</span>.</li><li> <span class="w">You</span> <span class="w">can</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/use.html">use</a> <span class="w">it</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/for.html">for</a> <span class="w">your</span> <span class="w">programs</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">too</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">When</span> <span class="w">we</span> <span class="w">speak</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">free</span> <span class="w">software</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">we</span> <span class="w">are</span> <span class="w">referring</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">freedom</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/not.html">not</a></li><li> <span class="w">price</span>.  <span class="w">Specifically</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">General</span> <span class="w">Public</span> <span class="w">License</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">designed</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">make</span></li><li> <span class="w">sure</span> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">have</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">freedom</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">give</span> <span class="w">away</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <span class="w">sell</span> <span class="w">copies</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">free</span></li><li> <span class="w">software</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">receive</span> <span class="w">source</span> <span class="w">code</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <span class="w">can</span> <span class="w">get</span> <span class="w">it</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/if.html">if</a> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">want</span> <span class="w">it</span><span class="cm">,</span></li><li> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">can</span> <span class="w">change</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">software</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <a class="l_k" href="functions/use.html">use</a> <span class="w">pieces</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">it</span> <span class="w">in</span> <span class="w">new</span> <span class="w">free</span></li><li> <span class="w">programs</span><span class="sc">;</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">know</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">can</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/do.html">do</a> <span class="w">these</span> <span class="w">things</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">To</span> <span class="w">protect</span> <span class="w">your</span> <span class="w">rights</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">we</span> <span class="w">need</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">make</span> <span class="w">restrictions</span> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">forbid</span></li><li> <span class="w">anyone</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">deny</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">these</span> <span class="w">rights</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">ask</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">surrender</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">rights</span>.</li><li> <span class="w">These</span> <span class="w">restrictions</span> <span class="w">translate</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">certain</span> <span class="w">responsibilities</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/for.html">for</a> <span class="w">you</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/if.html">if</a> <span class="w">you</span></li><li> <span class="w">distribute</span> <span class="w">copies</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">software</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <a class="l_k" href="functions/if.html">if</a> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">modify</span> <span class="w">it</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">For</span> <span class="w">example</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/if.html">if</a> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">distribute</span> <span class="w">copies</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">such</span> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">program</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">whether</span></li><li> <span class="w">gratis</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <a class="l_k" href="functions/for.html">for</a> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">fee</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">must</span> <span class="w">give</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">recipients</span> <span class="w">all</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">rights</span> <span class="w">that</span></li><li> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">have</span>.  <span class="w">You</span> <span class="w">must</span> <span class="w">make</span> <span class="w">sure</span> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">they</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">too</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">receive</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <span class="w">can</span> <span class="w">get</span> <span class="w">the</span></li><li> <span class="w">source</span> <span class="w">code</span>.  <span class="w">And</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">must</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/tell.html">tell</a> <span class="w">them</span> <span class="w">their</span> <span class="w">rights</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">We</span> <span class="w">protect</span> <span class="w">your</span> <span class="w">rights</span> <span class="w">with</span> <span class="w">two</span> <span class="w">steps</span><span class="co">:</span> <span class="s">(</span><span class="n">1</span><span class="s">)</span> <span class="w">copyright</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">software</span><span class="cm">,</span></li><li> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="s">(</span><span class="n">2</span><span class="s">)</span> <span class="w">offer</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">this</span> <span class="w">license</span> <span class="w">which</span> <span class="w">gives</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">legal</span> <span class="w">permission</span> <span class="w">to</span></li><li> <span class="w">copy</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">distribute</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a><span class="q">/or modify the software.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   Also, for each author&#39;s protection and ours, we want to make certain</span></li><li> <span class="q"> that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free</span></li><li> <span class="q"> software.  If the software is modified by someone else and passed on,</span></li><li> <span class="q"> we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original,</span></li><li> <span class="q"> so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> original authors&#39; reputations.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and</span></li><li> <span class="q"> modification follow.</span></li><li></li><li>                    <span class="q">                    GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE</span></li><li>    <span class="q">    TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   0. This License Agreement applies to any program or other work which</span></li><li> <span class="q"> contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be</span></li><li> <span class="q"> distributed under the terms of this General Public License.  The</span></li><li> <span class="q"> &quot;Program&quot;, below, refers to any such program or work, and a &quot;work based</span></li><li> <span class="q"> on the Program&quot; means either the Program or any work containing the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications.</span></li><li> <span class="q"> Each licensee is addressed as &quot;you&quot;.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program&#39;s</span></li><li> <span class="q"> source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you</span></li><li> <span class="q"> conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate</span></li><li> <span class="q"> copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> notices that refer to this General Public License and to the absence of</span></li><li> <span class="q"> any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of</span></li><li> <span class="q"> this General Public License along with the Program.  You may charge a</span></li><li> <span class="q"> fee for the physical act of transferring a copy.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion</span></li><li> <span class="q"> of it, and copy and distribute such modifications under the terms of</span></li><li> <span class="q"> Paragraph 1 above, provided that you also do the following:</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     a) cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     you changed the files and the date of any change; and</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     b) cause the whole of any work that you distribute or publish, that</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     in whole or in part contains the Program or any part thereof,</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     either with or without modifications, to be licensed at no charge</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     to all third parties under the terms of this General Public License</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     (except that you may choose to grant warranty protection to some or</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     all third parties, at your option).</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     when run, you must cause it, when started running for such</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     interactive use in the simplest and most usual way, to print or</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     this General Public License.</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     d) You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     exchange for a fee.</span></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> Mere aggregation of another independent work with the Program (or its</span></li><li> <span class="q"> derivative) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not</span></li><li> <span class="q"> bring the other work under the scope of these terms.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a portion or</span></li><li> <span class="q"> derivative of it, under Paragraph 2) in object code or executable form</span></li><li> <span class="q"> under the terms of Paragraphs 1 and 2 above provided that you also do</span></li><li> <span class="q"> one of the following:</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     a) accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     source code, which must be distributed under the terms of</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     Paragraphs 1 and 2 above; or,</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     b) accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     years, to give any third party free (except for a nominal charge</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     for the cost of distribution) a complete machine-readable copy of</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     the corresponding source code, to be distributed under the terms of</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     Paragraphs 1 and 2 above; or,</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     c) accompany it with the information you received as to where the</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     corresponding source code may be obtained.  (This alternative is</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     received the program in object code or executable form alone.)</span></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> Source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making</span></li><li> <span class="q"> modifications to it.  For an executable file, complete source code</span></li><li> <span class="q"> means all the source code for all modules it contains; but, as a</span></li><li> <span class="q"> special exception, it need not include source code for modules which</span></li><li> <span class="q"> are standard libraries that accompany the operating system on which the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> executable file runs, or for standard header files or definitions files</span></li><li> <span class="q"> that accompany that operating system.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, distribute or transfer the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> Program except as expressly provided under this General Public License.</span></li><li> <span class="q"> Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense, distribute or</span></li><li> <span class="q"> transfer the Program is void, and will automatically terminate your</span></li><li> <span class="q"> rights to use the Program under this License.  However, parties who</span></li><li> <span class="q"> have received copies, or rights to use copies, from you under this</span></li><li> <span class="q"> General Public License will not have their licenses terminated so long</span></li><li> <span class="q"> as such parties remain in full compliance.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   5. By copying, distributing or modifying the Program (or any work</span></li><li> <span class="q"> based on the Program) you indicate your acceptance of this license to</span></li><li> <span class="q"> do so, and all its terms and conditions.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject to</span></li><li> <span class="q"> these terms and conditions.  You may not impose any further</span></li><li> <span class="q"> restrictions on the recipients&#39; exercise of the rights granted herein.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   7. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or</span> <span class="w">new</span></li><li> <span class="w">versions</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">General</span> <span class="w">Public</span> <span class="w">License</span> <span class="w">from</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/time.html">time</a> <span class="w">to</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/time.html">time</a>.  <span class="w">Such</span> <span class="w">new</span></li><li> <span class="w">versions</span> <span class="w">will</span> <span class="w">be</span> <span class="w">similar</span> <span class="w">in</span> <span class="w">spirit</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">present</span> <span class="w">version</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">but</span> <span class="w">may</span></li><li> <span class="w">differ</span> <span class="w">in</span> <span class="w">detail</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">address</span> <span class="w">new</span> <span class="w">problems</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <span class="w">concerns</span>.</li><li></li><li> <span class="w">Each</span> <span class="w">version</span> <span class="w">is</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/given.html">given</a> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">distinguishing</span> <span class="w">version</span> <span class="w">number</span>.  <span class="w">If</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Program</span></li><li> <span class="w">specifies</span> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">version</span> <span class="w">number</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">license</span> <span class="w">which</span> <span class="w">applies</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">it</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="q">&quot;any</span></li><li> <span class="q"> later version&quot;</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">have</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">option</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">following</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">terms</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a></li><li> <span class="w">conditions</span> <span class="w">either</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">that</span> <span class="w">version</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/or.html">or</a> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">any</span> <span class="w">later</span> <span class="w">version</span> <span class="w">published</span> <span class="w">by</span></li><li> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Free</span> <span class="w">Software</span> <span class="w">Foundation</span>.  <span class="w">If</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Program</span> <span class="w">does</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/not.html">not</a> <span class="w">specify</span> <span class="w">a</span></li><li> <span class="w">version</span> <span class="w">number</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">license</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">may</span> <span class="w">choose</span> <span class="w">any</span> <span class="w">version</span> <span class="w">ever</span></li><li> <span class="w">published</span> <span class="w">by</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Free</span> <span class="w">Software</span> <span class="w">Foundation</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="n">8.</span> <span class="w">If</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">wish</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">incorporate</span> <span class="w">parts</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Program</span> <span class="w">into</span> <span class="w">other</span> <span class="w">free</span></li><li> <span class="w">programs</span> <span class="w">whose</span> <span class="w">distribution</span> <span class="w">conditions</span> <span class="w">are</span> <span class="w">different</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/write.html">write</a> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">the</span></li><li> <span class="w">author</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">ask</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/for.html">for</a> <span class="w">permission</span>.  <span class="w">For</span> <span class="w">software</span> <span class="w">which</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">copyrighted</span> <span class="w">by</span> <span class="w">the</span></li><li> <span class="w">Free</span> <span class="w">Software</span> <span class="w">Foundation</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/write.html">write</a> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">Free</span> <span class="w">Software</span> <span class="w">Foundation</span><span class="sc">;</span> <span class="w">we</span></li><li> <span class="w">sometimes</span> <span class="w">make</span> <span class="w">exceptions</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/for.html">for</a> <span class="w">this</span>.  <span class="w">Our</span> <span class="w">decision</span> <span class="w">will</span> <span class="w">be</span> <span class="w">guided</span> <span class="w">by</span> <span class="w">the</span></li><li> <span class="w">two</span> <span class="w">goals</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">preserving</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">free</span> <span class="w">status</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">all</span> <span class="w">derivatives</span> <span class="w">of</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/our.html">our</a> <span class="w">free</span></li><li> <span class="w">software</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">promoting</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">sharing</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">reuse</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">software</span> <span class="w">generally</span>.</li><li></li><li>                            <span class="w">NO</span> <span class="w">WARRANTY</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="n">9.</span> <span class="w">BECAUSE</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="w">IS</span> <span class="w">LICENSED</span> <span class="w">FREE</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">CHARGE</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">THERE</span> <span class="w">IS</span> <span class="w">NO</span></li><li> <span class="w">WARRANTY</span> <span class="w">FOR</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">EXTENT</span> <span class="w">PERMITTED</span> <span class="w">BY</span> <span class="w">APPLICABLE</span> <span class="w">LAW</span>.</li><li> <span class="w">EXCEPT</span> <span class="w">WHEN</span> <span class="w">OTHERWISE</span> <span class="w">STATED</span> <span class="w">IN</span> <span class="w">WRITING</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">COPYRIGHT</span> <span class="w">HOLDERS</span> <span class="w">AND</span>/<span class="w">OR</span></li><li> <span class="w">OTHER</span> <span class="w">PARTIES</span> <span class="w">PROVIDE</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="q">&quot;AS IS&quot;</span> <span class="w">WITHOUT</span> <span class="w">WARRANTY</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">ANY</span> <span class="w">KIND</span><span class="cm">,</span></li><li> <span class="w">EITHER</span> <span class="w">EXPRESSED</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">IMPLIED</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">INCLUDING</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">BUT</span> <span class="w">NOT</span> <span class="w">LIMITED</span> <span class="w">TO</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">IMPLIED</span></li><li> <span class="w">WARRANTIES</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">MERCHANTABILITY</span> <span class="w">AND</span> <span class="w">FITNESS</span> <span class="w">FOR</span> <span class="w">A</span> <span class="w">PARTICULAR</span> <span class="w">PURPOSE</span>.</li><li> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">ENTIRE</span> <span class="w">RISK</span> <span class="w">AS</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">QUALITY</span> <span class="w">AND</span> <span class="w">PERFORMANCE</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="w">IS</span></li><li> <span class="w">WITH</span> <span class="w">YOU</span>.  <span class="w">SHOULD</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="w">PROVE</span> <span class="w">DEFECTIVE</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">YOU</span> <span class="w">ASSUME</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">COST</span> <span class="w">OF</span></li><li> <span class="w">ALL</span> <span class="w">NECESSARY</span> <span class="w">SERVICING</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">REPAIR</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">CORRECTION</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="n">10.</span> <span class="w">IN</span> <span class="w">NO</span> <span class="w">EVENT</span> <span class="w">UNLESS</span> <span class="w">REQUIRED</span> <span class="w">BY</span> <span class="w">APPLICABLE</span> <span class="w">LAW</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">AGREED</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">IN</span></li><li> <span class="w">WRITING</span> <span class="w">WILL</span> <span class="w">ANY</span> <span class="w">COPYRIGHT</span> <span class="w">HOLDER</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">ANY</span> <span class="w">OTHER</span> <span class="w">PARTY</span> <span class="w">WHO</span> <span class="w">MAY</span> <span class="w">MODIFY</span></li><li> <span class="w">AND</span>/<span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">REDISTRIBUTE</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="w">AS</span> <span class="w">PERMITTED</span> <span class="w">ABOVE</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">BE</span> <span class="w">LIABLE</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">YOU</span></li><li> <span class="w">FOR</span> <span class="w">DAMAGES</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">INCLUDING</span> <span class="w">ANY</span> <span class="w">GENERAL</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">SPECIAL</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">INCIDENTAL</span> <span class="w">OR</span></li><li> <span class="w">CONSEQUENTIAL</span> <span class="w">DAMAGES</span> <span class="w">ARISING</span> <span class="w">OUT</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">USE</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">INABILITY</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">USE</span> <span class="w">THE</span></li><li> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="s">(</span><span class="w">INCLUDING</span> <span class="w">BUT</span> <span class="w">NOT</span> <span class="w">LIMITED</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">LOSS</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">DATA</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">DATA</span> <span class="w">BEING</span></li><li> <span class="w">RENDERED</span> <span class="w">INACCURATE</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">LOSSES</span> <span class="w">SUSTAINED</span> <span class="w">BY</span> <span class="w">YOU</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">THIRD</span> <span class="w">PARTIES</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">A</span></li><li> <span class="w">FAILURE</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">PROGRAM</span> <span class="w">TO</span> <span class="w">OPERATE</span> <span class="w">WITH</span> <span class="w">ANY</span> <span class="w">OTHER</span> <span class="w">PROGRAMS</span><span class="s">)</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">EVEN</span> <span class="w">IF</span></li><li> <span class="w">SUCH</span> <span class="w">HOLDER</span> <span class="w">OR</span> <span class="w">OTHER</span> <span class="w">PARTY</span> <span class="w">HAS</span> <span class="w">BEEN</span> <span class="w">ADVISED</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">THE</span> <span class="w">POSSIBILITY</span> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">SUCH</span></li><li> <span class="w">DAMAGES</span>.</li><li></li><li>                     <a class="l_k" href="functions/END.html">END</a> <span class="w">OF</span> <span class="w">TERMS</span> <span class="w">AND</span> <span class="w">CONDITIONS</span></li><li></li><li>        <span class="w">Appendix</span><span class="co">:</span> <span class="w">How</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">Apply</span> <span class="w">These</span> <span class="w">Terms</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">Your</span> <span class="w">New</span> <span class="w">Programs</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">If</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">develop</span> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">new</span> <span class="w">program</span><span class="cm">,</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">want</span> <span class="w">it</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">be</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">greatest</span></li><li> <span class="w">possible</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/use.html">use</a> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">humanity</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">best</span> <span class="w">way</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">achieve</span> <span class="w">this</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">make</span> <span class="w">it</span></li><li> <span class="w">free</span> <span class="w">software</span> <span class="w">which</span> <span class="w">everyone</span> <span class="w">can</span> <span class="w">redistribute</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">change</span> <span class="w">under</span> <span class="w">these</span></li><li> <span class="w">terms</span>.</li><li></li><li>   <span class="w">To</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/do.html">do</a> <span class="w">so</span><span class="cm">,</span> <span class="w">attach</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">following</span> <span class="w">notices</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">program</span>.  <span class="w">It</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">safest</span></li><li> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">attach</span> <span class="w">them</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">start</span> <span class="w">of</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/each.html">each</a> <span class="w">source</span> <span class="w">file</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">most</span> <span class="w">effectively</span></li><li> <span class="w">convey</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">exclusion</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">warranty</span><span class="sc">;</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <a class="l_k" href="functions/each.html">each</a> <span class="w">file</span> <span class="w">should</span> <span class="w">have</span> <span class="w">at</span> <span class="w">least</span></li><li> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="q">&quot;copyright&quot;</span> <span class="w">line</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">pointer</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">where</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">full</span> <span class="w">notice</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">found</span>.</li><li></li><li>     &lt;<span class="w">one</span> <span class="w">line</span> <span class="w">to</span> <span class="w">give</span> <span class="w">the</span> <span class="w">program&#39;s</span> <span class="w">name</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a> <span class="w">a</span> <span class="w">brief</span> <span class="w">idea</span> <span class="w">of</span> <span class="w">what</span> <span class="w">it</span></li><li>     <span class="w">does</span>.&gt;</li><li>     <span class="w">Copyright</span> <span class="s">(</span><span class="w">C</span><span class="s">)</span> <span class="n">19</span><span class="w">yy</span>  <span class="q">&lt;name of author&gt;</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="w">This</span> <span class="w">program</span> <span class="w">is</span> <span class="w">free</span> <span class="w">software</span><span class="sc">;</span> <span class="w">you</span> <span class="w">can</span> <span class="w">redistribute</span> <span class="w">it</span> <a class="l_k" href="functions/and.html">and</a><span class="q">/or</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 1, or (at</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     your option) any later version.</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     GNU General Public License for more details.</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     02110-1301 USA</span></li><li></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper</span></li><li> <span class="q"> mail.</span></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this</span></li><li> <span class="q"> when it starts in an interactive mode:</span></li><li></li><li>     <span class="q">     Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) 19xx name of author</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     &#39;show w&#39;.  This is free software, and you are welcome to</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     redistribute it under certain conditions; type &#39;show c&#39; for</span></li><li>     <span class="q">     details.</span></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> The hypothetical commands &#39;show w&#39; and &#39;show c&#39; should show the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> appropriate parts of the General Public License.  Of course, the</span></li><li> <span class="q"> commands you use may be called something other than &#39;show w&#39; and &#39;show</span></li><li> <span class="q"> c&#39;; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your</span></li><li> <span class="q"> program.</span></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your</span></li><li> <span class="q"> school, if any, to sign a &quot;copyright disclaimer&quot; for the program, if</span></li><li> <span class="q"> necessary.  Here a sample; alter the names:</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the</span></li><li>   <span class="q">   program &#39;Gnomovision&#39; (a program to direct compilers to make passes</span></li><li>   <span class="q">   at assemblers) written by James Hacker.</span></li><li></li><li>   <span class="q">   &lt;signature of Ty Coon&gt;, 1 April 1989</span></li><li>   <span class="q">   Ty Coon, President of Vice</span></li><li></li><li> <span class="q"> That&#39;s all there is to it!</span></li></ol></pre>



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