File: shasum

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#!perl

	## shasum: filter for computing SHA digests (ref. sha1sum/md5sum)
	##
	## Copyright (C) 2003-2015 Mark Shelor, All Rights Reserved
	##
	## Version: 5.95
	## Sat Jan 10 12:15:36 MST 2015

	## shasum SYNOPSIS adapted from GNU Coreutils sha1sum. Add
	## "-a" option for algorithm selection,
	## "-U" option for Universal Newlines support,
	## "-0" option for reading bit strings, and
	## "-p" option for portable digests (to be deprecated).

BEGIN { pop @INC if $INC[-1] eq '.' }
use strict;
use warnings;
use Fcntl;
use Getopt::Long;

my $POD = <<'END_OF_POD';

=head1 NAME

shasum - Print or Check SHA Checksums

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 Usage: shasum [OPTION]... [FILE]...
 Print or check SHA checksums.
 With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

   -a, --algorithm   1 (default), 224, 256, 384, 512, 512224, 512256
   -b, --binary      read in binary mode
   -c, --check       read SHA sums from the FILEs and check them
   -t, --text        read in text mode (default)
   -U, --UNIVERSAL   read in Universal Newlines mode
                         produces same digest on Windows/Unix/Mac
   -0, --01          read in BITS mode
                         ASCII '0' interpreted as 0-bit,
                         ASCII '1' interpreted as 1-bit,
                         all other characters ignored
   -p, --portable    read in portable mode (to be deprecated)

 The following two options are useful only when verifying checksums:
   -s, --status      don't output anything, status code shows success
   -w, --warn        warn about improperly formatted checksum lines

   -h, --help        display this help and exit
   -v, --version     output version information and exit

 When verifying SHA-512/224 or SHA-512/256 checksums, indicate the
 algorithm explicitly using the -a option, e.g.

   shasum -a 512224 -c checksumfile

 The sums are computed as described in FIPS PUB 180-4.  When checking,
 the input should be a former output of this program.  The default
 mode is to print a line with checksum, a character indicating type
 (`*' for binary, ` ' for text, `U' for UNIVERSAL, `^' for BITS, `?'
 for portable), and name for each FILE.

 Report shasum bugs to mshelor@cpan.org

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Running I<shasum> is often the quickest way to compute SHA message
digests.  The user simply feeds data to the script through files or
standard input, and then collects the results from standard output.

The following command shows how to compute digests for typical inputs
such as the NIST test vector "abc":

	perl -e "print qq(abc)" | shasum

Or, if you want to use SHA-256 instead of the default SHA-1, simply say:

	perl -e "print qq(abc)" | shasum -a 256

Since I<shasum> mimics the behavior of the combined GNU I<sha1sum>,
I<sha224sum>, I<sha256sum>, I<sha384sum>, and I<sha512sum> programs,
you can install this script as a convenient drop-in replacement.

Unlike the GNU programs, I<shasum> encompasses the full SHA standard by
allowing partial-byte inputs.  This is accomplished through the BITS
option (I<-0>).  The following example computes the SHA-224 digest of
the 7-bit message I<0001100>:

	perl -e "print qq(0001100)" | shasum -0 -a 224

=head1 AUTHOR

Copyright (c) 2003-2015 Mark Shelor <mshelor@cpan.org>.

=head1 SEE ALSO

I<shasum> is implemented using the Perl module L<Digest::SHA> or
L<Digest::SHA::PurePerl>.

=cut

END_OF_POD

my $VERSION = "5.95";

sub usage {
	my($err, $msg) = @_;

	$msg = "" unless defined $msg;
	if ($err) {
		warn($msg . "Type shasum -h for help\n");
		exit($err);
	}
	my($USAGE) = $POD =~ /SYNOPSIS(.+?)^=/sm;
	$USAGE =~ s/^\s*//;
	$USAGE =~ s/\s*$//;
	$USAGE =~ s/^ //gm;
	print $USAGE, "\n";
	exit($err);
}


	## Sync stdout and stderr by forcing a flush after every write

select((select(STDOUT), $| = 1)[0]);
select((select(STDERR), $| = 1)[0]);


	## Collect options from command line

my ($alg, $binary, $check, $text, $status, $warn, $help, $version);
my ($portable, $BITS, $reverse, $UNIVERSAL, $versions);

eval { Getopt::Long::Configure ("bundling") };
GetOptions(
	'b|binary' => \$binary, 'c|check' => \$check,
	't|text' => \$text, 'a|algorithm=i' => \$alg,
	's|status' => \$status, 'w|warn' => \$warn,
	'h|help' => \$help, 'v|version' => \$version,
	'p|portable' => \$portable,
	'0|01' => \$BITS,
	'R|REVERSE' => \$reverse,
	'U|UNIVERSAL' => \$UNIVERSAL,
	'V|VERSIONS' => \$versions,
) or usage(1, "");


	## Deal with help requests and incorrect uses

usage(0)
	if $help;
usage(1, "shasum: Ambiguous file mode\n")
	if scalar(grep {defined $_}
		($binary, $portable, $text, $BITS, $UNIVERSAL)) > 1;
usage(1, "shasum: --warn option used only when verifying checksums\n")
	if $warn && !$check;
usage(1, "shasum: --status option used only when verifying checksums\n")
	if $status && !$check;


	## Try to use Digest::SHA.  If not installed, use the slower
	## but functionally equivalent Digest::SHA::PurePerl instead.

	## If option -R is invoked, reverse the module preference,
	## i.e. try Digest::SHA::PurePerl first, then Digest::SHA.

my @MODS = qw(Digest::SHA Digest::SHA::PurePerl);
@MODS[0, 1] = @MODS[1, 0] if $reverse;

my $module;
for (@MODS) {
	my $mod = $_;
	if (eval "require $mod") {
		$module = $mod;
		last;
	}
}
die "shasum: Unable to find " . join(" or ", @MODS) . "\n"
	unless defined $module;


	## Default to SHA-1 unless overridden by command line option

$alg = 1 unless defined $alg;
grep { $_ == $alg } (1, 224, 256, 384, 512, 512224, 512256)
	or usage(1, "shasum: Unrecognized algorithm\n");


	## Display version information if requested

if ($version) {
	print "$VERSION\n";
	exit(0);
}

if ($versions) {
	print "shasum $VERSION\n";
	print "$module ", eval "\$${module}::VERSION", "\n";
	print "perl ", defined $^V ? sprintf("%vd", $^V) : $], "\n";
	exit(0);
}


	## Try to figure out if the OS is DOS-like.  If it is,
	## default to binary mode when reading files, unless
	## explicitly overridden by command line "--text" or
	## "--UNIVERSAL" or "--portable" options.

my $isDOSish = ($^O =~ /^(MSWin\d\d|os2|dos|mint|cygwin)$/);
if ($isDOSish) { $binary = 1 unless $text || $UNIVERSAL || $portable }

my $modesym = $binary ? '*' : ($UNIVERSAL ? 'U' :
		($BITS ? '^' : ($portable ? '?' : ' ')));


	## Read from STDIN (-) if no files listed on command line

@ARGV = ("-") unless @ARGV;


	## sumfile($file): computes SHA digest of $file

sub sumfile {
	my $file = shift;

	my $mode = $binary ? 'b' : ($UNIVERSAL ? 'U' :
			($BITS ? '0' : ($portable ? 'p' : '')));
	my $digest = eval { $module->new($alg)->addfile($file, $mode) };
	if ($@) { warn "shasum: $file: $!\n"; return }
	$digest->hexdigest;
}


	## %len2alg: maps hex digest length to SHA algorithm

my %len2alg = (40 => 1, 56 => 224, 64 => 256, 96 => 384, 128 => 512);
$len2alg{56} = 512224 if $alg == 512224;
$len2alg{64} = 512256 if $alg == 512256;


	## unescape: convert backslashed filename to plain filename

sub unescape {
	$_ = shift;
	s/\\\\/\0/g;
	s/\\n/\n/g;
	return if /\\/;
	s/\0/\\/g;
	return $_;
}


	## verify: confirm the digest values in a checksum file

sub verify {
	my $checkfile = shift;
	my ($err, $fmt_errs, $read_errs, $match_errs) = (0, 0, 0, 0);
	my ($num_lines, $num_files) = (0, 0);
	my ($bslash, $sum, $fname, $rsp, $digest);

	local *FH;
	$checkfile eq '-' and open(FH, '< -')
		and $checkfile = 'standard input'
	or sysopen(FH, $checkfile, O_RDONLY)
		or die "shasum: $checkfile: $!\n";
	while (<FH>) {
		next if /^#/; s/\n$//; s/^[ \t]+//; $num_lines++;
		$bslash = s/^\\//;
		($sum, $modesym, $fname) =
			/^([\da-fA-F]+)[ \t]([ *?^U])([^\0]*)/;
		$alg = defined $sum ? $len2alg{length($sum)} : undef;
		$fname = unescape($fname) if defined $fname && $bslash;
		if (grep { ! defined $_ } ($alg, $sum, $modesym, $fname)) {
			$alg = 1 unless defined $alg;
			warn("shasum: $checkfile: $.: improperly " .
				"formatted SHA$alg checksum line\n") if $warn;
			$fmt_errs++;
			next;
		}
		$fname =~ s/\r$// unless -e $fname;
		$rsp = "$fname: "; $num_files++;
		($binary, $text, $UNIVERSAL, $BITS, $portable) =
			map { $_ eq $modesym } ('*', ' ', 'U', '^', 'p');
		unless ($digest = sumfile($fname)) {
			$rsp .= "FAILED open or read\n";
			$err = 1; $read_errs++;
		}
		else {
			if (lc($sum) eq $digest) { $rsp .= "OK\n" }
			else { $rsp .= "FAILED\n"; $err = 1; $match_errs++ }
		}
		print $rsp unless $status;
	}
	close(FH);
	unless ($num_files) {
		$alg = 1 unless defined $alg;
		warn("shasum: $checkfile: no properly formatted " .
			"SHA$alg checksum lines found\n");
		$err = 1;
	}
	elsif (! $status) {
		warn("shasum: WARNING: $fmt_errs line" . ($fmt_errs>1?
		's are':' is') . " improperly formatted\n") if $fmt_errs;
		warn("shasum: WARNING: $read_errs listed file" .
		($read_errs>1?'s':'') . " could not be read\n") if $read_errs;
		warn("shasum: WARNING: $match_errs computed checksum" .
		($match_errs>1?'s':'') . " did NOT match\n") if $match_errs;
	}
	return($err == 0);
}


	## Verify or compute SHA checksums of requested files

my($file, $digest);

my $STATUS = 0;
for $file (@ARGV) {
	if ($check) { $STATUS = 1 unless verify($file) }
	elsif ($digest = sumfile($file)) {
		if ($file =~ /[\n\\]/) {
			$file =~ s/\\/\\\\/g; $file =~ s/\n/\\n/g;
			$digest = "\\$digest";
		}
		print "$digest $modesym", "$file\n";
	}
	else { $STATUS = 1 }
}
exit($STATUS)