File: regcomp.sym

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# regcomp.sym
#
# File has two sections, divided by a line of dashes '-'. 
#
# Lines beginning with # are ignored, except for those that start with #*
# which are included in pod/perldebguts.pod.  # within a line may be part
# of a description.
#
# First section is for regops, second section is for regmatch-states
#
# Note that the order in this file is important.
#
# Format for first section: 
# NAME \s+ TYPE, arg-description [num-args] [flags] [longjump-len] ; DESCRIPTION
#   flag <S> means is REGNODE_SIMPLE; flag <V> means is REGNODE_VARIES
#
#
# run perl regen.pl after editing this file



#* Exit points

END         END,        no        ; End of program.
SUCCEED     END,        no        ; Return from a subroutine, basically.

#* Line Start Anchors:
#Note flags field for SBOL indicates if it is a /^/ or a /\A/
SBOL        BOL,        no        ; Match "" at beginning of line: /^/, /\A/
MBOL        BOL,        no        ; Same, assuming multiline: /^/m

#* Line End Anchors:
SEOL        EOL,        no        ; Match "" at end of line: /$/
MEOL        EOL,        no        ; Same, assuming multiline: /$/m
EOS         EOL,        no        ; Match "" at end of string: /\z/

#* Match Start Anchors:
GPOS        GPOS,       no        ; Matches where last m//g left off.

#* Word Boundary Opcodes:
# The regops that have varieties that vary depending on the character set regex
# modifiers have to ordered thusly: /d, /l, /u, /a, /aa.  This is because code
# in regcomp.c uses the enum value of the modifier as an offset from the /d
# version.  The complements must come after the non-complements.
# BOUND, POSIX and their complements are affected, as well as EXACTF.
BOUND       BOUND,      no        ; Like BOUNDA for non-utf8, otherwise match "" between any Unicode \w\W or \W\w
BOUNDL      BOUND,      no        ; Like BOUND/BOUNDU, but \w and \W are defined by current locale
BOUNDU      BOUND,      no        ; Match "" at any boundary of a given type using Unicode rules
BOUNDA      BOUND,      no        ; Match "" at any boundary between \w\W or \W\w, where \w is [_a-zA-Z0-9]
# All NBOUND nodes are required by code in regexec.c to be greater than all BOUND ones
NBOUND      NBOUND,     no        ; Like NBOUNDA for non-utf8, otherwise match "" between any Unicode \w\w or \W\W
NBOUNDL     NBOUND,     no        ; Like NBOUND/NBOUNDU, but \w and \W are defined by current locale
NBOUNDU     NBOUND,     no        ; Match "" at any non-boundary of a given type using using Unicode rules
NBOUNDA     NBOUND,     no        ; Match "" betweeen any \w\w or \W\W, where \w is [_a-zA-Z0-9]

#* [Special] alternatives:
REG_ANY     REG_ANY,    no 0 S    ; Match any one character (except newline).
SANY        REG_ANY,    no 0 S    ; Match any one character.
ANYOF       ANYOF,      sv 1 S    ; Match character in (or not in) this class, single char match only
ANYOFD      ANYOF,      sv 1 S    ; Like ANYOF, but /d is in effect
ANYOFL      ANYOF,      sv 1 S    ; Like ANYOF, but /l is in effect

#* POSIX Character Classes:
# Order of the below is important.  See ordering comment above.
POSIXD      POSIXD,     none 0 S   ; Some [[:class:]] under /d; the FLAGS field gives which one
POSIXL      POSIXD,     none 0 S   ; Some [[:class:]] under /l; the FLAGS field gives which one
POSIXU      POSIXD,     none 0 S   ; Some [[:class:]] under /u; the FLAGS field gives which one
POSIXA      POSIXD,     none 0 S   ; Some [[:class:]] under /a; the FLAGS field gives which one
NPOSIXD     NPOSIXD,    none 0 S   ; complement of POSIXD, [[:^class:]]
NPOSIXL     NPOSIXD,    none 0 S   ; complement of POSIXL, [[:^class:]]
NPOSIXU     NPOSIXD,    none 0 S   ; complement of POSIXU, [[:^class:]]
NPOSIXA     NPOSIXD,    none 0 S   ; complement of POSIXA, [[:^class:]]
# End of order is important

CLUMP       CLUMP,      no 0 V    ; Match any extended grapheme cluster sequence

#* Alternation

#* BRANCH        The set of branches constituting a single choice are
#*               hooked together with their "next" pointers, since
#*               precedence prevents anything being concatenated to
#*               any individual branch.  The "next" pointer of the last
#*               BRANCH in a choice points to the thing following the
#*               whole choice.  This is also where the final "next"
#*               pointer of each individual branch points; each branch
#*               starts with the operand node of a BRANCH node.
#*
BRANCH      BRANCH,     node 0 V  ; Match this alternative, or the next...

#*Literals
# NOTE: the relative ordering of these types is important do not change it

EXACT       EXACT,      str       ; Match this string (preceded by length).
EXACTL      EXACT,      str       ; Like EXACT, but /l is in effect (used so locale-related warnings can be checked for).
EXACTF      EXACT,      str       ; Match this non-UTF-8 string (not guaranteed to be folded) using /id rules (w/len).
EXACTFL     EXACT,      str       ; Match this string (not guaranteed to be folded) using /il rules (w/len).
EXACTFU     EXACT,      str	  ; Match this string (folded iff in UTF-8, length in folding doesn't change if not in UTF-8) using /iu rules (w/len).
EXACTFA     EXACT,      str	  ; Match this string (not guaranteed to be folded) using /iaa rules (w/len).

# End of important relative ordering.

EXACTFU_SS  EXACT,      str	  ; Match this string (folded iff in UTF-8, length in folding may change even if not in UTF-8) using /iu rules (w/len).
EXACTFLU8   EXACT,      str	  ; Rare cirucmstances: like EXACTFU, but is under /l, UTF-8, folded, and everything in it is above 255.
EXACTFA_NO_TRIE  EXACT, str	  ; Match this string (which is not trie-able; not guaranteed to be folded) using /iaa rules (w/len).

#*Do nothing types

NOTHING     NOTHING,    no        ; Match empty string.
#*A variant of above which delimits a group, thus stops optimizations
TAIL        NOTHING,    no        ; Match empty string. Can jump here from outside.

#*Loops

#* STAR,PLUS    '?', and complex '*' and '+', are implemented as
#*               circular BRANCH structures.  Simple cases
#*               (one character per match) are implemented with STAR
#*               and PLUS for speed and to minimize recursive plunges.
#*
STAR        STAR,       node 0 V  ; Match this (simple) thing 0 or more times.
PLUS        PLUS,       node 0 V  ; Match this (simple) thing 1 or more times.

CURLY       CURLY,      sv 2 V    ; Match this simple thing {n,m} times.
CURLYN      CURLY,      no 2 V    ; Capture next-after-this simple thing 
CURLYM      CURLY,      no 2 V    ; Capture this medium-complex thing {n,m} times. 
CURLYX      CURLY,      sv 2 V    ; Match this complex thing {n,m} times.

#*This terminator creates a loop structure for CURLYX
WHILEM      WHILEM,     no 0 V    ; Do curly processing and see if rest matches.

#*Buffer related

#*OPEN,CLOSE,GROUPP     ...are numbered at compile time.
OPEN        OPEN,       num 1     ; Mark this point in input as start of #n.
CLOSE       CLOSE,      num 1     ; Analogous to OPEN.

REF         REF,        num 1 V   ; Match some already matched string
REFF        REF,        num 1 V   ; Match already matched string, folded using native charset rules for non-utf8
REFFL       REF,        num 1 V   ; Match already matched string, folded in loc.
# N?REFF[AU] could have been implemented using the FLAGS field of the
# regnode, but by having a separate node type, we can use the existing switch
# statement to avoid some tests
REFFU       REF,        num 1 V   ; Match already matched string, folded using unicode rules for non-utf8
REFFA       REF,        num 1 V   ; Match already matched string, folded using unicode rules for non-utf8, no mixing ASCII, non-ASCII

#*Named references.  Code in regcomp.c assumes that these all are after
#*the numbered references
NREF        REF,        no-sv 1 V ; Match some already matched string
NREFF       REF,        no-sv 1 V ; Match already matched string, folded using native charset rules for non-utf8
NREFFL      REF,        no-sv 1 V ; Match already matched string, folded in loc.
NREFFU      REF,        num   1 V ; Match already matched string, folded using unicode rules for non-utf8
NREFFA      REF,        num   1 V ; Match already matched string, folded using unicode rules for non-utf8, no mixing ASCII, non-ASCII

#*Support for long RE
LONGJMP     LONGJMP,    off 1 . 1 ; Jump far away.
BRANCHJ     BRANCHJ,    off 1 V 1 ; BRANCH with long offset.

#*Special Case Regops
IFMATCH     BRANCHJ,    off 1 . 2 ; Succeeds if the following matches.
UNLESSM     BRANCHJ,    off 1 . 2 ; Fails if the following matches.
SUSPEND     BRANCHJ,    off 1 V 1 ; "Independent" sub-RE.
IFTHEN      BRANCHJ,    off 1 V 1 ; Switch, should be preceded by switcher.
GROUPP      GROUPP,     num 1     ; Whether the group matched.


#*The heavy worker

EVAL        EVAL,       evl/flags 2L ; Execute some Perl code.

#*Modifiers

MINMOD      MINMOD,     no        ; Next operator is not greedy.
LOGICAL     LOGICAL,    no        ; Next opcode should set the flag only.

#*This is not used yet
RENUM       BRANCHJ,    off 1 . 1 ; Group with independently numbered parens.

#*Trie Related

#* Behave the same as A|LIST|OF|WORDS would. The '..C' variants
#* have inline charclass data (ascii only), the 'C' store it in the
#* structure.
# NOTE: the relative order of the TRIE-like regops  is significant

TRIE        TRIE,       trie 1    ; Match many EXACT(F[ALU]?)? at once. flags==type
TRIEC       TRIE,trie charclass   ; Same as TRIE, but with embedded charclass data

# For start classes, contains an added fail table.
AHOCORASICK     TRIE,   trie 1    ; Aho Corasick stclass. flags==type
AHOCORASICKC    TRIE,trie charclass   ; Same as AHOCORASICK, but with embedded charclass data

#*Regex Subroutines
GOSUB       GOSUB,      num/ofs 2L    ; recurse to paren arg1 at (signed) ofs arg2

#*Special conditionals
NGROUPP     NGROUPP,    no-sv 1   ; Whether the group matched.            
INSUBP      INSUBP,     num 1     ; Whether we are in a specific recurse.  
DEFINEP     DEFINEP,    none 1    ; Never execute directly.               

#*Backtracking Verbs
ENDLIKE     ENDLIKE,    none      ; Used only for the type field of verbs
OPFAIL      ENDLIKE,    no-sv 1   ; Same as (?!), but with verb arg
ACCEPT      ENDLIKE,    no-sv/num 2L   ; Accepts the current matched string, with verbar

#*Verbs With Arguments
VERB        VERB,       no-sv 1   ; Used only for the type field of verbs
PRUNE       VERB,       no-sv 1   ; Pattern fails at this startpoint if no-backtracking through this 
MARKPOINT   VERB,       no-sv 1   ; Push the current location for rollback by cut.
SKIP        VERB,       no-sv 1   ; On failure skip forward (to the mark) before retrying
COMMIT      VERB,       no-sv 1   ; Pattern fails outright if backtracking through this
CUTGROUP    VERB,       no-sv 1   ; On failure go to the next alternation in the group

#*Control what to keep in $&.
KEEPS       KEEPS,      no        ; $& begins here.

#*New charclass like patterns
LNBREAK     LNBREAK,    none      ; generic newline pattern

# NEW STUFF SOMEWHERE ABOVE THIS LINE

################################################################################

#*SPECIAL  REGOPS

#* This is not really a node, but an optimized away piece of a "long"
#* node.  To simplify debugging output, we mark it as if it were a node
OPTIMIZED   NOTHING,    off       ; Placeholder for dump.

#* Special opcode with the property that no opcode in a compiled program
#* will ever be of this type. Thus it can be used as a flag value that
#* no other opcode has been seen. END is used similarly, in that an END
#* node cant be optimized. So END implies "unoptimizable" and PSEUDO
#* mean "not seen anything to optimize yet".
PSEUDO      PSEUDO,     off       ; Pseudo opcode for internal use.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Format for second section:
# REGOP \t typelist [ \t typelist]
# typelist= namelist
#         = namelist:FAIL
#         = name:count

# Anything below is a state
#
#
TRIE            next:FAIL
EVAL            AB:FAIL
CURLYX          end:FAIL
WHILEM          A_pre,A_min,A_max,B_min,B_max:FAIL
BRANCH          next:FAIL
CURLYM          A,B:FAIL
IFMATCH         A:FAIL
CURLY           B_min_known,B_min,B_max:FAIL
COMMIT          next:FAIL
MARKPOINT       next:FAIL
SKIP            next:FAIL
CUTGROUP        next:FAIL
KEEPS           next:FAIL