This file describes the installation process for ppp-2.4 on systems
running Solaris. The Solaris and SVR4 ports share a lot of code but
are not identical. The STREAMS kernel modules and driver for Solaris
are in the solaris directory (and use some code from the modules
NOTE: Although the kernel driver and modules have been designed to
operate correctly on SMP systems, they have not been extensively
tested on SMP machines. Some users of SMP Solaris x86 systems have
reported system problems apparently linked to the use of previous
versions of this software. I believe these problems have been fixed.
1. Run the configure script and make the user-level programs and the
The configure script will automatically find Sun's cc if it's in
the standard location (/opt/SUNWspro/bin/cc). If you do not have
Sun's WorkShop compiler, configure will attempt to use 'gcc'. If
this is found and you have a 64 bit kernel, it will check that gcc
accepts the "-m64" option, which is required to build kernel
You should not have to edit the Makefiles for most ordinary cases.
2. Install the programs and kernel modules: as root, do
This installs pppd, chat and pppstats in /usr/local/bin and the
kernel modules in /kernel/drv and /kernel/strmod, and creates the
/etc/ppp directory and populates it with default configuration
files. You can change the installation directories by editing
solaris/Makedefs. If you have a 64 bit kernel, the 64-bit drivers
are installed in /kernel/drv/sparcv9 and /kernel/strmod/sparcv9.
If your system normally has only one network interface at boot
time, the default Solaris system startup scripts will disable IP
forwarding in the IP kernel module. This will prevent the remote
machine from using the local machine as a gateway to access other
hosts. The solution is to create an /etc/ppp/ip-up script
containing something like this:
/usr/sbin/ndd -set /dev/ip ip_forwarding 1
See the man page for ip(7p) for details.
Solaris 8 07/01 (Update 5) and later have an integrated version of
pppd, known as "Solaris PPP 4.0," and is based on ppp-2.4.0. This
version comes with the standard Solaris software distribution and is
supported by Sun. It is fully tested in 64-bit and SMP modes, and
with bundled and unbundled synchronous drivers. Solaris 8 10/01
(Update 6) and later includes integrated PPPoE client and server
support, with kernel-resident data handling. See pppd(1M).
The feature is part of the regular full installation, and is
provided by these packages:
SUNWpppd - 32-bit mode kernel drivers
SUNWpppdr - root-resident /etc/ppp config samples
SUNWpppdu - /usr/bin/pppd itself, plus chat
SUNWpppdx - 64-bit mode kernel drivers
SUNWpppdt - PPPoE support
SUNWpppg - GPL'd optional 'pppdump' and plugins
SUNWpppgS - Source for GPL'd optional features
Use the open source version of pppd if you wish to recompile to add
new features or to experiment with the code. Production systems,
however, should run the Sun-supplied version, if at all possible.
You can run both versions on a single system if you wish. The
Solaris PPP 4.0 interfaces are named "spppN," while this open source
version names its interfaces as "pppN". The STREAMS modules are
similarly separated. The Sun-supplied pppd lives in /usr/bin/pppd,
while the open source version installs (by default) in
Dynamic STREAMS Re-Plumbing Support.
Solaris 8 (and later) includes dynamic re-plumbing support. With
this feature, modules below ip can be inserted, or removed, without
having the ip stream be unplumbed, and re-plumbed again. All state
in ip for the interface will be preserved as modules are added or
removed. Users can install (or upgrade) modules such as firewall,
bandwidth manager, cache manager, tunneling, etc., without shutting
the interface down.
To support this, ppp driver now uses /dev/udp instead of /dev/ip for
the ip stream. The interface stream (where ip module pushed on top
of ppp) is then I_PLINK'ed below the ip stream. /dev/udp is used
because STREAMS will not let a driver be PLINK'ed under itself, and
/dev/ip is typically the driver at the bottom of the tunneling
interfaces stream. The mux ids of the ip streams are then added
using SIOCSxIFMUXID ioctl.
Users will be able to see the modules on the interface stream by,
pikapon# ifconfig ppp modlist
Or arbitrarily if bandwidth manager and firewall modules are installed:
pikapon# ifconfig hme0 modlist
This version includes support for /usr/sbin/snoop. Tests have been
done on Solaris 7 through 9. Only IPv4 and IPv6 packets will be sent
up to stream(s) marked as promiscuous (i.e., those used by snoop).
Users will be able to see the packets on the ppp interface by, for
snoop -d ppp0
See the man page for snoop(1M) for details.
This is for Solaris 8 and later.
This version has been tested under Solaris 8 and 9 running IPv6.
Interoperability testing has only been done between Solaris machines
in terms of the IPV6 NCP. An additional command line option for the
pppd daemon has been added: ipv6cp-use-persistent.
By default, compilation for IPv6 support is not enabled. Uncomment
the necessary lines in pppd/Makefile.sol2 to enable it. Once done,
the quickest way to get IPv6 running is to add the following
somewhere in the command line option:
The persistent id for the link-local address was added to conform to
RFC 2472; such that if there's an EUI-48 available, use that to make
up the EUI-64. As of now, the Solaris implementation extracts the
EUI-48 id from the Ethernet's MAC address (the ethernet interface
needs to be up). Future work might support other ways of obtaining
a unique yet persistent id, such as EEPROM serial numbers, etc.
There need not be any up/down scripts for ipv6,
e.g. /etc/ppp/ipv6-up or /etc/ppp/ipv6-down, to trigger IPv6
neighbor discovery for auto configuration and routing. The in.ndpd
daemon will perform all of the necessary jobs in the
background. /etc/inet/ndpd.conf can be further customized to enable
the machine as an IPv6 router. See the man page for in.ndpd(1M) and
ndpd.conf(4) for details.
Below is a sample output of "ifconfig -a" with persistent link-local
address. Note the UNNUMBERED flag is set because hme0 and ppp0 both
have identical link-local IPv6 addresses:
lo0: flags=1000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 8232 index 1
inet 127.0.0.1 netmask ff000000
hme0: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 2
inet 184.108.40.206 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 220.127.116.11
lo0: flags=2000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv6> mtu 8252 index 1
hme0: flags=2000841<UP,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv6> mtu 1500 index 2
hme0:1: flags=2080841<UP,RUNNING,MULTICAST,ADDRCONF,IPv6> mtu 1500 index 2
hme0:2: flags=2080841<UP,RUNNING,MULTICAST,ADDRCONF,IPv6> mtu 1500 index 2
hme0:3: flags=2080841<UP,RUNNING,MULTICAST,ADDRCONF,IPv6> mtu 1500 index 2
ppp0: flags=10008d1<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,NOARP,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 12
inet 172.16.1.1 --> 172.16.1.2 netmask ffffff00
ppp0: flags=2202851<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,MULTICAST,UNNUMBERED,NONUD,IPv6> mtu 1500 index 12
inet6 fe80::a00:20ff:fe8d:38c1/10 --> fe80::a00:20ff:fe7a:24fb
Note also that a plumbed ipv6 interface stream will exist throughout
the entire PPP session in the case where the peer rejects IPV6CP,
which further causes the interface state to stay down. Unplumbing
will happen when the daemon exits. This is done by design and is not
This version has been tested under Solaris 7 through 9 in both 32-
and 64-bit environments (Ultra class machines). Installing the
package by executing "make install" will result in additional files
residing in /kernel/drv/sparcv9 and /kernel/strmod/sparcv9
64-bit modules and driver have been compiled and tested using Sun's
cc and gcc.
Synchronous Serial Support.
This version has working but limited support for the on-board
synchronous HDLC interfaces. It has been tested with the
/dev/se_hdlc, /dev/zsh, HSI/S, and HSI/P drivers. Synchronous mode
was tested with a Cisco router.
The ppp daemon does not directly support controlling the serial
interface. It relies on the /usr/sbin/syncinit command to
initialize HDLC mode and clocking.
There is a confirmed bug with NRZ/NRZI mode in the /dev/se_hdlc
driver, and Solaris patch 104596-11 is needed to correct it.
(However this patch seems to introduce other serial problems. If
you don't apply the patch, the workaround is to change the nrzi mode
to yes or no, whichever works.)
How to start pppd with synchronous support:
local=18.104.22.168 # your ip address here
baud=38400 # needed, but ignored by serial driver
# Change to the correct serial driver/port
# Change the driver, nrzi mode, speed and clocking to match
# your setup.
# This configuration is for external clocking from the DCE
connect="syncinit se_hdlc0 nrzi=no speed=64000 txc=rxc rxc=rxc"
/usr/sbin/pppd $dev sync $baud novj noauth $local: connect "$connect"
Sample Cisco router config excerpt:
! Cisco router setup as DCE with RS-232 DCE cable
ip address 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.0