File: procmailrc-example

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procmail-lib 1:1995.08.28-4.1
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# This is an annotated example ~/.procmailrc file
#
# Use it as a guide to creating your own ~/.procmailrc file.
#
#  You must edit this before installing it;
#  *** IT WILL NOT WORK AS IS ***.
#
# $Id: procmailrc-example,v 1.3 1995/08/24 20:34:05 aks Exp $
#
#    Copyright (C) 1995  Alan K. Stebbens <aks@hub.ucsb.edu>
#
#    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
#    (at your option) any later version.
#
#    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#    GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#    Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
#
#
# It is a good idea to define SHELL to /bin/sh, so that no
# unexpected surprises occur.  Some systems redefine SHELL to
# your default login shell, which may not be a Bourne-shell compatible
# shell.  Since most procmail recipes use Bourne-shell language
# features, SHELL=/bin/sh is a good idea.

SHELL=/bin/sh

# Defining the path to include the directories where procmail is
# installed is necessary if the system default path doesn't include
# them.  Typically, ~/.procmailrc is invoked by procmail via
# sendmail, and the PATH may not be sufficient as it is.

PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/mh/bin

# Defining MAILDIR does a "cd $MAILDIR".  So, define it to the
# directory which contains most of your mail recipes.  I use 
# $HOME/Mail.

MAILDIR=$HOME/Mail

# It is an important feature to keep a log of your mail -- just so you
# have some kind of idea what is happening to it.  Note that plain
# filenames are relative to MAILDIR, since procmail always sets the
# current directory to MAILDIR.  So, if you keep your recipe and log
# files in $MAILDIR, then you can name the files by their basename.

LOGFILE=Log

# I use FAILDROP to define a mail drop location which is on a 
# *different* filesystem than my $DEFAULT maildrop.  This allows
# me to write conditional recipes, which are invoked only if
# the $DEFAULT or other delivery fails.
FAILDROP=/other/spool.mail

# If you use MH as your MUA (as I do), then defining several
# folders here make it easy to globally change them later.
# MH folders are indicated by the trailing "/.".
INBOX=inbox/.
ADMIN=admin/.
OTHER=other/.
BADMAIL=errs/.

# I use this in many recipes to identify myself, and to 
# annotate filtered mail with "X-Loop: $MY_ADDR" headers as
# part of a loop detection algorithm.

MY_ADDR=myname@myhost.mydomain.dom

# I use $MY_NAMES variable to recognize the various aliases 
# which all lead to my incoming maildrop.  If you have an 
# AOL and Compuserve and Internet account all forwarded to 
# the same address, you would define this as the all of the 
# varying alternatives.

MY_NAMES="(First Mi. Lastname|First|Lastname|First\.Lastname|\
	   F.Lastname|FML)@(myhost\.mydomain\.dom|aol\.com|\
	   compuserv.com)

# Define FROMSIG to your standard "From:" signature line.

FROMSIG="First's Mailer-Daemon <$MY_ADDR>"


# I include "dupcheck.rc" to avoid duplicate incoming mail.  Note that
# this will not identify mail duplicated by different mailers, just
# duplicate mail from the same origin.

INCLUDERC=$LIB/dupcheck.rc


# Pull in the standard header patterns
INCLUDERC=$LIB/headers.rc


# If I am on vacation, I create a file called ~/Mail/vacation.msg 
# into which I place my notice explaining my absence.  This file
# is examined by "ackmail.rc" (see below).

# However, some of my other recipes below varying their behavior
# depending upon the value of $VACATION.  In vacation mode,
# more things get tossed than otherwise.

# So, set VACATION to "yes" in vacation mode
:0
* ? test -f vacation.msg
{ VACATION=yes }

# The rest of the recipe is broken into two basic parts:
#
#    a.  process mail if it is addressed *directly* to me,
#	 on either a "To:" or "Cc:" header.
#
#    b.  process other mail (mail to me via any mailing 
#	 lists of which I am a member).
#
#
# I like the variable $USER (since I grew up on a BSD system),
# so let's define it using the SysV equivalent (which procmail
# sets up).

USER=${USER:-$LOGNAME}

# If the mail is to me ($USER), do some special things
:0
* $ ^TO($USER)
{

    # First -- since I allow a selected set of commands
    # on the Subject: line, I use "commands.rc" to recognize
    # and perform them.

    # Check for any commands on the Subject line
    # (but only if commands.rc is present).
    :0 
    * ? test -f commands.rc
    { INCLUDERC=commands.rc }

    # I also like to have mail to me acknowledged, to I use
    # ackmail.rc.  Include it

    :0
    * ? test -f ackmail.rc
    { INCLUDERC=ackmail.rc }

    # So far, the mail is not a command, and it has been
    # acknowledged, so now we can safely file it away.

    # If the mail is directly to me, -> +inbox
    :0:
    $INBOX
	
	# If the drop to $INBOX failed, then let's try dropping
	# it into $DEFAULT (which is where it would have gone
	# our recipe hadn't tried filtering it).
	:0 e:
	$DEFAULT

	    # Well, the $DEFAULT drop didn't work, so let's try
	    # yet another filesystem.
	    :0 e:
	    $FAILDROP

}

# Okay -- mail below here came to me indirectly -- from some
# mailing list.

# In vacation mode, let's trash any root mail -- someone else 
# get's to worry about this

:0 h
* VACATION ?? yes
* ^(To|From):.*root([ ,>]|$)
/dev/null

# I've occasionally written an addition to this basic procmail
# recipe by writing small, special case filtering recipes.  I
# Then "include" them using the method below.  This allows me
# to later disable the special case filtering by removing the
# file, or moving it to another name.

# A common special case is where you develop a group of 
# users who share a common interest for a while.  I then
# write such a small recipe to detect the incoming mail of interest
# and redirect it to these interested users.  A kind of
# "home brew" mailng list. 
#
# This way, I can share the mail to me by relaying it to them without
# having to inform (and educate) them about mailing lists.  Typically,
# some of these users are either adminstrative types or highly
# non-technical types who do not wish to learn about mailing lists, but
# do wish to share in the mail of interest.

# This is only a short term solution -- setting up a mailing
# list is the proper thing to do for longer term distributions.

:0
* ? test -f mac-users.rc
{ INCLUDERC=mac-users.rc }

# I treat junkmail filtering as a "special case", and keep it
# in a separate file.  Basically, all the mail delivered in
# this file goes to /dev/null.

:0
* ? test -f junkmail.rc
{ INCLUDERC=junkmail.rc }

# Here's an example of a piece of mail which you might
# wish to have printed regularly when it arrives, and
# even auto-filed, but still show up in your +inbox for
# online perusal.

# Check on edupage; automatically print it (unless I'm on vacation)
# and auto-file it.  Leave it also in my inbox to be read and deleted.
:0
* ^Sender: *owner-edupage
* ^To:.*\<edupage@.*\.educom\.edu
* ^Subject: *Edupage
{

  # File it into its proper place (use "c" to "copy" the mail)
  :0c:
   info/edupage/.

  LOCATION=$LASTFOLDER
  
  # If I'm not on vacation, print the thing automatically
  :0
  * ! VACATION ?? yes
  * ! ^X-Printed:
  {
    # Mark it as printed (so I don't print it twice)
    :0fh
    | formail -I"X-Printed: `date`"

    # Here I print it using a special shell script called "printmail"
    # which is a little wrapper around "enscript", using "-b" to
    # set the mailbox name, and -i to set the subject.
    :0c
    | sh -c "PRINTER=ps; export PRINTER ; $HOME/bin/printmail $LOCATION"
  }
}

# On vacation, trash these

:0
* VACATION ?? yes
* ^TO(((help|info|bug)-)?gnu-(emacs|utils|([0-9a-zA-Z]+-)?sources)(-bug)?|\
	mh-users|com-priv-digest-dist|amd-workers|edb-list|sybase-l)@
/dev/null

# If it is mail to one my lists, put into +other
:0:
* ^TO(((help|info|bug)-)?gnu-(emacs|utils|([0-9a-zA-Z]+-)?sources)(-bug)?|\
	mh-users|procmail|SmartList|MailAgent|Majordomo(-(users|workers))?|\
	list-managers|com-priv-digest-dist|amd-workers|req|edb-list|\
	perl-users|sybase-l|(info-)?ietf(-announce(-request)?)?)(:;)?@
$OTHER
    :0e:
    $DEFAULT
	:0e:
	$FAILDROP


# When I'm on vacation, throw mailer-daemon errors away (someone
# else has to deal with it).

:0 h
* VACATION ?? yes
* ^FROM_MAILER
/dev/null

# If mail is from some kind of daemon, drop it in the +admin folder
:0:
* ^FROM_MAILER
$ADMIN
    :0e:
    $DEFAULT
	:0e:
	$FAILDROP

# Drop any remaining into my $INBOX
:0:
$INBOX
    :0e:
    $DEFAULT
	:0e:
	$FAILDROP