File: nf2csv

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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
#
###########################################################################
#
# File: nf2csv
#
# Purpose: nf2csv parses iptables log messages and prints them on stdout
#          in comma separated value format.  This is most useful for
#          generating data for the AfterGlow project
#          (http://afterglow.sourceforge.net) to visualize iptables log
#          data.
#
#          nf2csv is part of the psad project (http://www.cipherdyne.org/psad)
#
# Author: Michael Rash (mbr@cipherdyne.org)
#
# Credits:  (see the CREDITS file)
#
# Copyright (C) 2006 Michael Rash (mbr@cipherdyne.org)
#
# License (GNU Public License):
#
#    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#    GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307
#    USA
#
###########################################################################
#

use Getopt::Long 'GetOptions';
use strict;

my $version = '2.4.3';

### regex to match an ip address
my $ip_re = qr|(?:[0-2]?\d{1,2}\.){3}[0-2]?\d{1,2}|;

### main packet data structure
my %pkt_NF_init = (

    ### data link layer
    'src_mac' => '',
    'dst_mac' => '',
    'intf'    => '',   ### FIXME in and out interfaces?

    ### network layer
    'src'    => '',
    'dst'    => '',
    'proto'  => '',
    'ip_id'  => -1,
    'ttl'    => -1,
    'tos'    => '',
    'ip_len' => -1,
    'itype'  => -1,
    'icode'  => -1,
    'ip_opts'  => '',
    'icmp_seq' => -1,
    'icmp_id'  => -1,
    'frag_bit' => 0,

    ### transport layer
    'sp'  => -1,
    'dp'  => -1,
    'win' => -1,
    'flags' => -1,
    'tcp_seq'  => -1,
    'tcp_ack'  => -1,
    'tcp_opts' => '',
    'udp_len'  => -1,

    ### extra fields for internals (fwsnort sid matching,
    ### iptables logging prefixes and chains, etc.)
    'fwsnort_sid' => 0,
    'chain'       => '',
    'log_prefix'  => '',
    'syslog_host' => '',
    'timestamp'   => ''
);

my $csv_fields     = '';
my $csv_print_uniq = 0;
my $csv_line_limit = 0;
my $csv_start_line = 0;
my $csv_end_line   = 0;
my $csv_regex      = 0;
my $csv_neg_regex  = 0;
my $nf_log_file = '';
my $print_ver   = 0;
my $debug = 0;
my $help  = 0;

### make Getopts case sensitive
Getopt::Long::Configure('no_ignore_case');

&usage(1) unless (GetOptions(
    'Messages-file=s' => \$nf_log_file,   # Specify the path to file containing
    'fields=s'      => \$csv_fields,      # Specify list of CSV fields.
    'uniq-lines'    => \$csv_print_uniq,  # Only print unique lines in CSV
                                          #   output.
    'max-lines=i'   => \$csv_line_limit,  # Limit the number of CSV output
                                          #   lines.
    'start-line=i'  => \$csv_start_line,  # Starting line in CSV file.
    'end-line=i'    => \$csv_end_line,    # Ending line in CSV file.
    'regex=s'       => \$csv_regex,       # Require additional regex match.
    'neg-regex=s'   => \$csv_neg_regex,   # Require additional negative regex
    'debug'         => \$debug,           # Run in debug mode.
    'Version'       => \$print_ver,       # Print the nf2csv version and exit.
    'help'          => \$help,            # Display help.
));
&usage(0) if $help;

### Print the version number and exit if -V given on the command line.
if ($print_ver) {
    print "[+] psad v$version by Michael Rash <mbr\@cipherdyne.org>\n";
    exit 0;
}

### see what we should be searching for
my ($tokens_ar, $match_criteria_ar) = &csv_tokens();

$csv_regex = qr/$csv_regex/ if $csv_regex;
$csv_neg_regex = qr/$csv_neg_regex/ if $csv_neg_regex;

my %csv_uniq_lines = ();

if ($csv_start_line) {
    die "[*] Cannot have start line > end line."
        if $csv_start_line > $csv_end_line;
}
my $ctr = 0;
my $line_ctr = 0;

my $fh = *STDIN;
if ($nf_log_file) {
    open MSGS, "< $nf_log_file" or die "[*] Could not open ",
            "$nf_log_file: $!";
    $fh = *MSGS;
}

MSG: while (<$fh>) {
    my $pkt_str = $_;
    $line_ctr++;
    if ($csv_start_line) {
        next MSG unless $line_ctr >= $csv_start_line;
    }
    if ($csv_end_line) {
        last MSG if $line_ctr == $csv_end_line;
    }
    next MSG unless $pkt_str =~ /IN.*OUT/;

    ### init pkt hash
    my %pkt = %pkt_NF_init;

    my $rv = &parse_NF_pkt_str(\%pkt, $pkt_str);
    next MSG unless $rv;

    if ($csv_regex) {
        next MSG unless $pkt{'raw'} =~ m|$csv_regex|;
    }
    if ($csv_neg_regex) {
        next MSG unless $pkt{'raw'} !~ m|$csv_neg_regex|;
    }
    $pkt{'log_prefix'} =~ s/\W//g;
    $pkt{'log_prefix'} =~ s/\s//g;
    my @matched_fields = ();
    for (my $i=0; $i <= $#$tokens_ar; $i++) {
        my $tok = $tokens_ar->[$i];
        if ($match_criteria_ar) {
            my $match_hr = $match_criteria_ar->[$i];
            if (defined $match_hr->{'num'}) {
                unless ($pkt{$tok} =~ m|^\d+$|
                        and $pkt{$tok} == $match_hr->{'num'}) {
                    next MSG;
                }
            } elsif (defined $match_hr->{'gt'}) {
                unless ($pkt{$tok} =~ m|^\d+$|
                        and $pkt{$tok} > $match_hr->{'gt'}) {
                    next MSG;
                }
            } elsif (defined $match_hr->{'lt'}) {
                unless ($pkt{$tok} =~ m|^\d+$|
                        and $pkt{$tok} < $match_hr->{'lt'}) {
                    next MSG;
                }
            } elsif (defined $match_hr->{'str'}) {
                unless ($pkt{$tok} eq $match_hr->{'str'}) {
                    next MSG;
                }
            } elsif (defined $match_hr->{'re'}) {
                unless ($pkt{$tok} =~ m|$match_hr->{'re'}m|) {
                    next MSG;
                }
            } elsif (defined $match_hr->{'net'}) {
                if ($pkt{$tok} =~ m|$ip_re|) {
                    unless (ipv4_in_network($match_hr->{'net'}, $pkt{$tok})) {
                        next MSG;
                    }
                } else {
                    next MSG;
                }
            } elsif (defined $match_hr->{'ip'}) {
                unless ($pkt{$tok} eq $match_hr->{'ip'}) {
                    next MSG;
                }
            }
            push @matched_fields, $pkt{$tok};
        } else {
            push @matched_fields, $pkt{$tok};
        }
    }
    next MSG unless @matched_fields;
    my $str = '';
    if ($csv_fields) {
        $str .= "$_, " for @matched_fields;
    } else {
        $str .= "$_ " for @matched_fields;
    }
    $str =~ s/,\s*$//;
    $str =~ s/\s*$//;
    $ctr++;
    if ($csv_print_uniq) {
        $csv_uniq_lines{$str} = '';
    } else {
        print $str, "\n";
    }
    if ($csv_line_limit > 0) {
        last if $ctr >= $csv_line_limit;
    }
}
close $fh;
if ($csv_print_uniq) {
    print "$_\n" for keys %csv_uniq_lines;
}

exit 0;
#============================= end main ===============================

sub csv_tokens() {

    my @tokens = ();
    my @match_criteria = ();

    if ($csv_fields) {
        my @tok_tmp = split /\s+/, $csv_fields;
        for my $tok_str (@tok_tmp) {
            my $token  = $tok_str;
            my $search = '';
            if ($tok_str =~ m|(\w+):(\S+)|) {
                $token  = $1;
                $search = $2;
            }
            $token = 'src' if $token eq 'SRC';
            $token = 'dst' if $token eq 'DST';
            $token = 'sp'  if $token eq 'SPT';
            $token = 'dp'  if $token eq 'DPT';
            $token = 'tos' if $token eq 'TOS';
            $token = 'win' if $token eq 'WIN';
            $token = 'itype' if $token eq 'TYPE';
            $token = 'icode' if $token eq 'CODE';
            $token = 'ttl'   if $token eq 'TTL';
            $token = 'ip_id' if $token eq 'ID';
            $token = 'icmp_seq' if $token eq 'SEQ';
            $token = 'proto' if $token eq 'PROTO';
            $token = 'ip_len' if $token eq 'LEN';
            $token = 'intf' if $token eq 'IN' or $token eq 'OUT';
            unless (defined $pkt_NF_init{$token}) {
                print "[*] $token is not a valid packet field; valid ",
                    "fields are:\n";
                for my $key (sort keys %pkt_NF_init) {
                    print "    $key\n";
                }
                die;
            }
            push @tokens, $token;

            if ($search) {
                my %search_hsh = ();
                if ($search =~ m|^\d+$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'num'} = $search;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^>(\d+)$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'gt'} = $1;
                    die "[*] $token value must be >= 0"
                        unless $1 >= 0;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^<(\d+)$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'lt'} = $1;
                    die "[*] $token value must be >= 0"
                        unless $1 >= 0;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^/(.*?)/$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'re'} = qr|$1|;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^\"(.*?)\"$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'str'} = $1;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^$ip_re/$ip_re$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'net'} = $search;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^$ip_re/\d+$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'net'} = $search;
                } elsif ($search =~ m|^$ip_re$|) {
                    $search_hsh{'ip'} = $search;
                } else {
                    die "[*] Unrecognized value for $token";
                }
                push @match_criteria, \%search_hsh;
            } else {
                push @match_criteria, {};
            }
        }
    } else {
        @tokens = qw(
            timestamp
            src
            dst
            sp
            dp
            proto
            flags
            ip_len
            intf
            chain
            log_prefix
        );
    }
    return \@tokens, \@match_criteria;
}

sub parse_NF_pkt_str() {
    my ($pkt_hr, $pkt_str) = @_;

    print STDERR "\n", $pkt_str if $debug;

    $pkt_hr->{'raw'} = $pkt_str;

    if ($pkt_str =~ /.*kernel:\s+(.*?)\s*IN=/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'log_prefix'} = $1;
    }

    ### get the in/out interface and iptables chain (the code below
    ### allows the iptables log message to contain the PHYSDEV stuff):
    ### Feb 25 12:13:27 bridge kernel: INBOUND TCP: IN=br0 PHYSIN=eth0 OUT=br0
    ### PHYSOUT=eth1 SRC=63.147.183.21 DST=11.11.79.100 LEN=48 TOS=0x00
    ### PREC=0x00 TTL=113 ID=19664 DF PROTO=TCP SPT=4918 DPT=135 WINDOW=64240
    ### RES=0x00 SYN URGP=0
    if ($pkt_str =~ /\sIN=(\S+).*\sOUT=\s/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'intf'}  = $1;
        $pkt_hr->{'chain'} = 'INPUT';
    } elsif ($pkt_str =~ /\sIN=(\S+).*\sOUT=\S/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'intf'}  = $1;
        $pkt_hr->{'chain'} = 'FORWARD';
    } elsif ($pkt_str =~ /\sIN=\s+.*\sOUT=(\S+)/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'intf'}  = $1;
        $pkt_hr->{'chain'} = 'OUTPUT';
    }

    if ($pkt_str =~ /\sMAC=(\S+)/) {
        my $mac_str = $1;
        if ($mac_str =~ /^((?:\w{2}\:){6})((?:\w{2}\:){6})/) {
            $pkt_hr->{'dst_mac'} = $1;
            $pkt_hr->{'src_mac'} = $2;
        }
    }
    if ($pkt_hr->{'src_mac'}) {
        $pkt_hr->{'src_mac'} =~ s/:$//;
        print STDERR "[+] src mac addr: $pkt_hr->{'src_mac'}\n" if $debug;
    }
    if ($pkt_hr->{'dst_mac'}) {
        $pkt_hr->{'dst_mac'} =~ s/:$//;
        print STDERR "[+] dst mac addr: $pkt_hr->{'dst_mac'}\n" if $debug;
    }

    unless ($pkt_hr->{'intf'} and $pkt_hr->{'chain'}) {
        print STDERR "[-] err packet: could not determine ",
            "interface and chain.\n" if $debug;
        return 0;
    }

    ### get the syslog logging host for this packet
    if ($pkt_str =~ /^\s*((?:\S+\s+){2}\S+)\s+(\S+)\s+kernel:/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'timestamp'}   = $1;
        $pkt_hr->{'syslog_host'} = $2;
    } else {
        $pkt_hr->{'timestamp'}   = localtime();
        $pkt_hr->{'syslog_host'} = 'unknown';
    }

    ### try to extract a snort sid (generated by fwsnort) from
    ### the packet
    if ($pkt_str =~ /SID(\d+)/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'fwsnort_sid'} = $1;
    }

    ### get IP options if --log-ip-options is used
    ### (they appear before the PROTO= field).
    if ($pkt_str =~ /OPT\s+\((\S+)\)\s+PROTO=/) {
        $pkt_hr->{'ip_opts'} = $1;
    }

    ### May 18 22:21:26 orthanc kernel: DROP IN=eth2 OUT=
    ### MAC=00:60:1d:23:d0:01:00:60:1d:23:d3:0e:08:00 SRC=192.168.20.25
    ### DST=192.168.20.1 LEN=60 TOS=0x10 PREC=0x00 TTL=64 ID=47300 DF
    ### PROTO=TCP SPT=34111 DPT=6345 WINDOW=5840 RES=0x00 SYN URGP=0
    if ($pkt_str =~ /SRC=($ip_re)\s+DST=($ip_re)\s+LEN=(\d+)\s+TOS=(\S+)
                \s*.*\s+TTL=(\d+)\s+ID=(\d+)\s*.*\s+PROTO=TCP\s+
                SPT=(\d+)\s+DPT=(\d+)\s.*\s*WINDOW=(\d+)\s+
                (.*)\s+URGP=/x) {

        ($pkt_hr->{'src'}, $pkt_hr->{'dst'}, $pkt_hr->{'ip_len'},
            $pkt_hr->{'tos'}, $pkt_hr->{'ttl'}, $pkt_hr->{'ip_id'},
            $pkt_hr->{'sp'}, $pkt_hr->{'dp'}, $pkt_hr->{'win'},
            $pkt_hr->{'flags'})
                = ($1,$2,$3,$4,$5,$6,$7,$8,$9,$10);

        ### the reserve bits are not reported by ulogd, but normal
        ### iptables syslog messages contain them.
        $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ s/\s*RES=\S+\s*//;

        $pkt_hr->{'proto'} = 'tcp';

        ### default to NULL
        $pkt_hr->{'flags'} = 'NULL' unless $pkt_hr->{'flags'};

        unless ($pkt_hr->{'flags'} !~ /WIN/ &&
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ /ACK/ ||
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ /SYN/ ||
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ /RST/ ||
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ /URG/ ||
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ /PSH/ ||
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} =~ /FIN/ ||
                $pkt_hr->{'flags'} eq 'NULL') {

            print STDERR "[-] err packet: bad tcp flags.\n" if $debug;
            return 0;
        }
        $pkt_hr->{'frag_bit'} = 1 if $pkt_str =~ /\sDF\s+PROTO/;

        ### don't pickup IP options if --log-ip-options is used
        ### (they appear before the PROTO= field).
        if ($pkt_str =~ /URGP=\S+\s+OPT\s+\((\S+)\)/) {
            $pkt_hr->{'tcp_opts'} = $1;
        }

        ### make sure we have a "reasonable" packet (note that nmap
        ### can scan port 0 and iptables can report this fact)
        unless ($pkt_hr->{'ip_len'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'tos'}
                and $pkt_hr->{'ttl'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'ip_id'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'proto'} and $pkt_hr->{'sp'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'dp'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'win'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'flags'}) {
            return 0;
        }

    ### May 18 22:21:26 orthanc kernel: DROP IN=eth2 OUT=
    ### MAC=00:60:1d:23:d0:01:00:60:1d:23:d3:0e:08:00
    ### SRC=192.168.20.25 DST=192.168.20.1 LEN=28 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00
    ### TTL=40 ID=47523 PROTO=UDP SPT=57339 DPT=305 LEN=8

    } elsif ($pkt_str =~ /SRC=($ip_re)\s+DST=($ip_re)\s+LEN=(\d+)\s+TOS=(\S+)
                      \s.*TTL=(\d+)\s+ID=(\d+)\s*.*\s+PROTO=UDP\s+
                      SPT=(\d+)\s+DPT=(\d+)\s+LEN=(\d+)/x) {

        ($pkt_hr->{'src'}, $pkt_hr->{'dst'}, $pkt_hr->{'ip_len'},
            $pkt_hr->{'tos'}, $pkt_hr->{'ttl'}, $pkt_hr->{'ip_id'},
            $pkt_hr->{'sp'}, $pkt_hr->{'dp'}, $pkt_hr->{'udp_len'})
                = ($1,$2,$3,$4,$5,$6,$7,$8,$9);

        $pkt_hr->{'proto'} = 'udp';

        ### make sure we have a "reasonable" packet (note that nmap
        ### can scan port 0 and iptables can report this fact)
        unless ($pkt_hr->{'ip_len'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'tos'} and $pkt_hr->{'ttl'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'ip_id'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'proto'}
                and $pkt_hr->{'sp'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'dp'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'udp_len'} >= 0) {

            return 0;
        }

    ### Nov 27 15:45:51 orthanc kernel: DROP IN=eth1 OUT= MAC=00:a0:cc:e2:1f:f2:00:
    ### 20:78:10:70:e7:08:00 SRC=192.168.10.20 DST=192.168.10.1 LEN=84 TOS=0x00
    ### PREC=0x00 TTL=64 ID=0 DF PROTO=ICMP TYPE=8 CODE=0 ID=61055 SEQ=256

    } elsif ($pkt_str =~ /SRC=($ip_re)\s+DST=($ip_re)\s+LEN=(\d+).*
                      TTL=(\d+)\s+ID=(\d+).*PROTO=ICMP\s+TYPE=(\d+)\s+
                      CODE=(\d+)\s+ID=(\d+)\s+SEQ=(\d+)/x) {

        ($pkt_hr->{'src'}, $pkt_hr->{'dst'}, $pkt_hr->{'ip_len'},
            $pkt_hr->{'ttl'}, $pkt_hr->{'ip_id'}, $pkt_hr->{'itype'},
            $pkt_hr->{'icode'}, $pkt_hr->{'icmp_id'}, $pkt_hr->{'icmp_seq'})
                = ($1,$2,$3,$4,$5,$6,$7,$8,$9);

        $pkt_hr->{'proto'} = 'icmp';
        $pkt_hr->{'sp'} = $pkt_hr->{'dp'} = 0;

        unless ($pkt_hr->{'ip_len'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'ttl'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'proto'} and $pkt_hr->{'itype'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'icode'} >= 0 and $pkt_hr->{'ip_id'} >= 0
                and $pkt_hr->{'icmp_seq'} >= 0) {

            return 0;
        }

    } else {
        ### Sometimes the iptables log entry gets messed up due to
        ### buffering issues so we write it to the error log.
        print STDERR "[-] err packet: no regex match.\n" if $debug;
        return 0;
    }
    return 1;
}

sub usage() {
    my $exitcode = shift;
    print <<_HELP_;

nf2csv
[+] Version: $version
[+] By Michael Rash (mbr\@cipherdyne.org, http://www.cipherdyne.org)

Usage: nf2csv [options]

Options:
    -f, --fields <fields>         - Restrict output to a list of
                                    specfic fields.
    -u, --uniq-lines              - Only print unique lines
    -m, --max-lines <num>         - Specify the maximum number of
                                    output lines to print.
    -M,  --messages-file <file>   - Specify the path to the iptables
                                    logfile (use in conjunction with
                                    --Analyze-msgs).
    -s, --start-line <line>       - Starting line within iptables log
                                    file.
    -e, --end-line <line>         - Ending line within iptables log
                                    file.
    -r, --regex <regex>           - Require iptables log messages to
                                    match an additional regex.
    -n, --neg-regex <regex>       - Require iptables log messages to
                                    not match an additional regex.
    -d,  --debug                  - Run in debugging mode.
    -V,  --Version                - Print the version and exit.
    -h   --help                   - Display usage on STDOUT and exit.

_HELP_
    exit $exitcode;
}