File: main.py

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""" core implementation of testing process: init, session, runtest loop. """

import py
import pytest, _pytest
import os, sys, imp
try:
    from collections import MutableMapping as MappingMixin
except ImportError:
    from UserDict import DictMixin as MappingMixin

from _pytest.runner import collect_one_node, Skipped

tracebackcutdir = py.path.local(_pytest.__file__).dirpath()

# exitcodes for the command line
EXIT_OK = 0
EXIT_TESTSFAILED = 1
EXIT_INTERRUPTED = 2
EXIT_INTERNALERROR = 3
EXIT_USAGEERROR = 4

name_re = py.std.re.compile("^[a-zA-Z_]\w*$")

def pytest_addoption(parser):
    parser.addini("norecursedirs", "directory patterns to avoid for recursion",
        type="args", default=('.*', 'CVS', '_darcs', '{arch}'))
    #parser.addini("dirpatterns",
    #    "patterns specifying possible locations of test files",
    #    type="linelist", default=["**/test_*.txt",
    #            "**/test_*.py", "**/*_test.py"]
    #)
    group = parser.getgroup("general", "running and selection options")
    group._addoption('-x', '--exitfirst', action="store_true", default=False,
               dest="exitfirst",
               help="exit instantly on first error or failed test."),
    group._addoption('--maxfail', metavar="num",
               action="store", type=int, dest="maxfail", default=0,
               help="exit after first num failures or errors.")
    group._addoption('--strict', action="store_true",
               help="run pytest in strict mode, warnings become errors.")

    group = parser.getgroup("collect", "collection")
    group.addoption('--collectonly', '--collect-only', action="store_true",
        help="only collect tests, don't execute them."),
    group.addoption('--pyargs', action="store_true",
        help="try to interpret all arguments as python packages.")
    group.addoption("--ignore", action="append", metavar="path",
        help="ignore path during collection (multi-allowed).")
    # when changing this to --conf-cut-dir, config.py Conftest.setinitial
    # needs upgrading as well
    group.addoption('--confcutdir', dest="confcutdir", default=None,
        metavar="dir",
        help="only load conftest.py's relative to specified dir.")

    group = parser.getgroup("debugconfig",
        "test session debugging and configuration")
    group.addoption('--basetemp', dest="basetemp", default=None, metavar="dir",
               help="base temporary directory for this test run.")


def pytest_namespace():
    collect = dict(Item=Item, Collector=Collector, File=File, Session=Session)
    return dict(collect=collect)

def pytest_configure(config):
    pytest.config = config # compatibiltiy
    if config.option.exitfirst:
        config.option.maxfail = 1

def wrap_session(config, doit):
    """Skeleton command line program"""
    session = Session(config)
    session.exitstatus = EXIT_OK
    initstate = 0
    try:
        try:
            config.do_configure()
            initstate = 1
            config.hook.pytest_sessionstart(session=session)
            initstate = 2
            doit(config, session)
        except pytest.UsageError:
            args = sys.exc_info()[1].args
            for msg in args:
                sys.stderr.write("ERROR: %s\n" %(msg,))
            session.exitstatus = EXIT_USAGEERROR
        except KeyboardInterrupt:
            excinfo = py.code.ExceptionInfo()
            config.hook.pytest_keyboard_interrupt(excinfo=excinfo)
            session.exitstatus = EXIT_INTERRUPTED
        except:
            excinfo = py.code.ExceptionInfo()
            config.notify_exception(excinfo, config.option)
            session.exitstatus = EXIT_INTERNALERROR
            if excinfo.errisinstance(SystemExit):
                sys.stderr.write("mainloop: caught Spurious SystemExit!\n")
        else:
            if session._testsfailed:
                session.exitstatus = EXIT_TESTSFAILED
    finally:
        session.startdir.chdir()
        if initstate >= 2:
            config.hook.pytest_sessionfinish(
                session=session,
                exitstatus=session.exitstatus)
        if initstate >= 1:
            config.do_unconfigure()
        config.pluginmanager.ensure_shutdown()
    return session.exitstatus

def pytest_cmdline_main(config):
    return wrap_session(config, _main)

def _main(config, session):
    """ default command line protocol for initialization, session,
    running tests and reporting. """
    config.hook.pytest_collection(session=session)
    config.hook.pytest_runtestloop(session=session)

def pytest_collection(session):
    return session.perform_collect()

def pytest_runtestloop(session):
    if session.config.option.collectonly:
        return True

    def getnextitem(i):
        # this is a function to avoid python2
        # keeping sys.exc_info set when calling into a test
        # python2 keeps sys.exc_info till the frame is left
        try:
            return session.items[i+1]
        except IndexError:
            return None

    for i, item in enumerate(session.items):
        nextitem = getnextitem(i)
        item.config.hook.pytest_runtest_protocol(item=item, nextitem=nextitem)
        if session.shouldstop:
            raise session.Interrupted(session.shouldstop)
    return True

def pytest_ignore_collect(path, config):
    p = path.dirpath()
    ignore_paths = config._getconftest_pathlist("collect_ignore", path=p)
    ignore_paths = ignore_paths or []
    excludeopt = config.getvalue("ignore")
    if excludeopt:
        ignore_paths.extend([py.path.local(x) for x in excludeopt])
    return path in ignore_paths

class HookProxy:
    def __init__(self, fspath, config):
        self.fspath = fspath
        self.config = config

    def __getattr__(self, name):
        hookmethod = getattr(self.config.hook, name)

        def call_matching_hooks(**kwargs):
            plugins = self.config._getmatchingplugins(self.fspath)
            return hookmethod.pcall(plugins, **kwargs)
        return call_matching_hooks

def compatproperty(name):
    def fget(self):
        # deprecated - use pytest.name
        return getattr(pytest, name)

    return property(fget)

class NodeKeywords(MappingMixin):
    def __init__(self, node):
        self.node = node
        self.parent = node.parent
        self._markers = {node.name: True}

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        try:
            return self._markers[key]
        except KeyError:
            if self.parent is None:
                raise
            return self.parent.keywords[key]

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        self._markers[key] = value

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        raise ValueError("cannot delete key in keywords dict")

    def __iter__(self):
        seen = set(self._markers)
        if self.parent is not None:
            seen.update(self.parent.keywords)
        return iter(seen)

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.__iter__())

    def keys(self):
        return list(self)

    def __repr__(self):
        return "<NodeKeywords for node %s>" % (self.node, )


class Node(object):
    """ base class for Collector and Item the test collection tree.
    Collector subclasses have children, Items are terminal nodes."""

    def __init__(self, name, parent=None, config=None, session=None):
        #: a unique name within the scope of the parent node
        self.name = name

        #: the parent collector node.
        self.parent = parent

        #: the pytest config object
        self.config = config or parent.config

        #: the session this node is part of
        self.session = session or parent.session

        #: filesystem path where this node was collected from (can be None)
        self.fspath = getattr(parent, 'fspath', None)

        #: keywords/markers collected from all scopes
        self.keywords = NodeKeywords(self)

        #: allow adding of extra keywords to use for matching
        self.extra_keyword_matches = set()

        # used for storing artificial fixturedefs for direct parametrization
        self._name2pseudofixturedef = {}
        #self.extrainit()

    @property
    def ihook(self):
        """ fspath sensitive hook proxy used to call pytest hooks"""
        return self.session.gethookproxy(self.fspath)

    #def extrainit(self):
    #    """"extra initialization after Node is initialized.  Implemented
    #    by some subclasses. """

    Module = compatproperty("Module")
    Class = compatproperty("Class")
    Instance = compatproperty("Instance")
    Function = compatproperty("Function")
    File = compatproperty("File")
    Item = compatproperty("Item")

    def _getcustomclass(self, name):
        cls = getattr(self, name)
        if cls != getattr(pytest, name):
            py.log._apiwarn("2.0", "use of node.%s is deprecated, "
                "use pytest_pycollect_makeitem(...) to create custom "
                "collection nodes" % name)
        return cls

    def __repr__(self):
        return "<%s %r>" %(self.__class__.__name__,
                           getattr(self, 'name', None))

    # methods for ordering nodes
    @property
    def nodeid(self):
        """ a ::-separated string denoting its collection tree address. """
        try:
            return self._nodeid
        except AttributeError:
            self._nodeid = x = self._makeid()
            return x

    def _makeid(self):
        return self.parent.nodeid + "::" + self.name

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash(self.nodeid)

    def setup(self):
        pass

    def teardown(self):
        pass

    def _memoizedcall(self, attrname, function):
        exattrname = "_ex_" + attrname
        failure = getattr(self, exattrname, None)
        if failure is not None:
            py.builtin._reraise(failure[0], failure[1], failure[2])
        if hasattr(self, attrname):
            return getattr(self, attrname)
        try:
            res = function()
        except py.builtin._sysex:
            raise
        except:
            failure = py.std.sys.exc_info()
            setattr(self, exattrname, failure)
            raise
        setattr(self, attrname, res)
        return res

    def listchain(self):
        """ return list of all parent collectors up to self,
            starting from root of collection tree. """
        chain = []
        item = self
        while item is not None:
            chain.append(item)
            item = item.parent
        chain.reverse()
        return chain

    def add_marker(self, marker):
        """ dynamically add a marker object to the node.

        ``marker`` can be a string or pytest.mark.* instance.
        """
        from _pytest.mark import MarkDecorator
        if isinstance(marker, py.builtin._basestring):
            marker = MarkDecorator(marker)
        elif not isinstance(marker, MarkDecorator):
            raise ValueError("is not a string or pytest.mark.* Marker")
        self.keywords[marker.name] = marker

    def get_marker(self, name):
        """ get a marker object from this node or None if
        the node doesn't have a marker with that name. """
        val = self.keywords.get(name, None)
        if val is not None:
            from _pytest.mark import MarkInfo, MarkDecorator
            if isinstance(val, (MarkDecorator, MarkInfo)):
                return val

    def listextrakeywords(self):
        """ Return a set of all extra keywords in self and any parents."""
        extra_keywords = set()
        item = self
        for item in self.listchain():
            extra_keywords.update(item.extra_keyword_matches)
        return extra_keywords

    def listnames(self):
        return [x.name for x in self.listchain()]

    def getplugins(self):
        return self.config._getmatchingplugins(self.fspath)

    def addfinalizer(self, fin):
        """ register a function to be called when this node is finalized.

        This method can only be called when this node is active
        in a setup chain, for example during self.setup().
        """
        self.session._setupstate.addfinalizer(fin, self)

    def getparent(self, cls):
        """ get the next parent node (including ourself)
        which is an instance of the given class"""
        current = self
        while current and not isinstance(current, cls):
            current = current.parent
        return current

    def _prunetraceback(self, excinfo):
        pass

    def _repr_failure_py(self, excinfo, style=None):
        fm = self.session._fixturemanager
        if excinfo.errisinstance(fm.FixtureLookupError):
            return excinfo.value.formatrepr()
        if self.config.option.fulltrace:
            style="long"
        else:
            self._prunetraceback(excinfo)
        # XXX should excinfo.getrepr record all data and toterminal()
        # process it?
        if style is None:
            if self.config.option.tbstyle == "short":
                style = "short"
            else:
                style = "long"
        return excinfo.getrepr(funcargs=True,
                               showlocals=self.config.option.showlocals,
                               style=style)

    repr_failure = _repr_failure_py

class Collector(Node):
    """ Collector instances create children through collect()
        and thus iteratively build a tree.
    """

    # the set of exceptions to interpret as "Skip the whole module" during
    # collection
    skip_exceptions = (Skipped,)

    class CollectError(Exception):
        """ an error during collection, contains a custom message. """

    def collect(self):
        """ returns a list of children (items and collectors)
            for this collection node.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("abstract")

    def repr_failure(self, excinfo):
        """ represent a collection failure. """
        if excinfo.errisinstance(self.CollectError):
            exc = excinfo.value
            return str(exc.args[0])
        return self._repr_failure_py(excinfo, style="short")

    def _memocollect(self):
        """ internal helper method to cache results of calling collect(). """
        return self._memoizedcall('_collected', lambda: list(self.collect()))

    def _prunetraceback(self, excinfo):
        if hasattr(self, 'fspath'):
            traceback = excinfo.traceback
            ntraceback = traceback.cut(path=self.fspath)
            if ntraceback == traceback:
                ntraceback = ntraceback.cut(excludepath=tracebackcutdir)
            excinfo.traceback = ntraceback.filter()

class FSCollector(Collector):
    def __init__(self, fspath, parent=None, config=None, session=None):
        fspath = py.path.local(fspath) # xxx only for test_resultlog.py?
        name = fspath.basename
        if parent is not None:
            rel = fspath.relto(parent.fspath)
            if rel:
                name = rel
            name = name.replace(os.sep, "/")
        super(FSCollector, self).__init__(name, parent, config, session)
        self.fspath = fspath

    def _makeid(self):
        if self == self.session:
            return "."
        relpath = self.session.fspath.bestrelpath(self.fspath)
        if os.sep != "/":
            relpath = relpath.replace(os.sep, "/")
        return relpath

class File(FSCollector):
    """ base class for collecting tests from a file. """

class Item(Node):
    """ a basic test invocation item. Note that for a single function
    there might be multiple test invocation items.
    """
    nextitem = None

    def reportinfo(self):
        return self.fspath, None, ""

    @property
    def location(self):
        try:
            return self._location
        except AttributeError:
            location = self.reportinfo()
            # bestrelpath is a quite slow function
            cache = self.config.__dict__.setdefault("_bestrelpathcache", {})
            try:
                fspath = cache[location[0]]
            except KeyError:
                fspath = self.session.fspath.bestrelpath(location[0])
                cache[location[0]] = fspath
            location = (fspath, location[1], str(location[2]))
            self._location = location
            return location

class NoMatch(Exception):
    """ raised if matching cannot locate a matching names. """

class Session(FSCollector):
    class Interrupted(KeyboardInterrupt):
        """ signals an interrupted test run. """
        __module__ = 'builtins' # for py3

    def __init__(self, config):
        FSCollector.__init__(self, py.path.local(), parent=None,
                             config=config, session=self)
        self.config.pluginmanager.register(self, name="session", prepend=True)
        self._testsfailed = 0
        self.shouldstop = False
        self.trace = config.trace.root.get("collection")
        self._norecursepatterns = config.getini("norecursedirs")
        self.startdir = py.path.local()

    def pytest_collectstart(self):
        if self.shouldstop:
            raise self.Interrupted(self.shouldstop)

    def pytest_runtest_logreport(self, report):
        if report.failed and not hasattr(report, 'wasxfail'):
            self._testsfailed += 1
            maxfail = self.config.getvalue("maxfail")
            if maxfail and self._testsfailed >= maxfail:
                self.shouldstop = "stopping after %d failures" % (
                    self._testsfailed)
    pytest_collectreport = pytest_runtest_logreport

    def isinitpath(self, path):
        return path in self._initialpaths

    def gethookproxy(self, fspath):
        return HookProxy(fspath, self.config)

    def perform_collect(self, args=None, genitems=True):
        hook = self.config.hook
        try:
            items = self._perform_collect(args, genitems)
            hook.pytest_collection_modifyitems(session=self,
                config=self.config, items=items)
        finally:
            hook.pytest_collection_finish(session=self)
        return items

    def _perform_collect(self, args, genitems):
        if args is None:
            args = self.config.args
        self.trace("perform_collect", self, args)
        self.trace.root.indent += 1
        self._notfound = []
        self._initialpaths = set()
        self._initialparts = []
        self.items = items = []
        for arg in args:
            parts = self._parsearg(arg)
            self._initialparts.append(parts)
            self._initialpaths.add(parts[0])
        rep = collect_one_node(self)
        self.ihook.pytest_collectreport(report=rep)
        self.trace.root.indent -= 1
        if self._notfound:
            errors = []
            for arg, exc in self._notfound:
                line = "(no name %r in any of %r)" % (arg, exc.args[0])
                errors.append("not found: %s\n%s" % (arg, line))
                #XXX: test this
            raise pytest.UsageError(*errors)
        if not genitems:
            return rep.result
        else:
            if rep.passed:
                for node in rep.result:
                    self.items.extend(self.genitems(node))
            return items

    def collect(self):
        for parts in self._initialparts:
            arg = "::".join(map(str, parts))
            self.trace("processing argument", arg)
            self.trace.root.indent += 1
            try:
                for x in self._collect(arg):
                    yield x
            except NoMatch:
                # we are inside a make_report hook so
                # we cannot directly pass through the exception
                self._notfound.append((arg, sys.exc_info()[1]))

            self.trace.root.indent -= 1

    def _collect(self, arg):
        names = self._parsearg(arg)
        path = names.pop(0)
        if path.check(dir=1):
            assert not names, "invalid arg %r" %(arg,)
            for path in path.visit(fil=lambda x: x.check(file=1),
                                   rec=self._recurse, bf=True, sort=True):
                for x in self._collectfile(path):
                    yield x
        else:
            assert path.check(file=1)
            for x in self.matchnodes(self._collectfile(path), names):
                yield x

    def _collectfile(self, path):
        ihook = self.gethookproxy(path)
        if not self.isinitpath(path):
            if ihook.pytest_ignore_collect(path=path, config=self.config):
                return ()
        return ihook.pytest_collect_file(path=path, parent=self)

    def _recurse(self, path):
        ihook = self.gethookproxy(path.dirpath())
        if ihook.pytest_ignore_collect(path=path, config=self.config):
            return
        for pat in self._norecursepatterns:
            if path.check(fnmatch=pat):
                return False
        ihook = self.gethookproxy(path)
        ihook.pytest_collect_directory(path=path, parent=self)
        return True

    def _tryconvertpyarg(self, x):
        mod = None
        path = [os.path.abspath('.')] + sys.path
        for name in x.split('.'):
            # ignore anything that's not a proper name here
            # else something like --pyargs will mess up '.'
            # since imp.find_module will actually sometimes work for it
            # but it's supposed to be considered a filesystem path
            # not a package
            if name_re.match(name) is None:
                return x
            try:
                fd, mod, type_ = imp.find_module(name, path)
            except ImportError:
                return x
            else:
                if fd is not None:
                    fd.close()

            if type_[2] != imp.PKG_DIRECTORY:
                path = [os.path.dirname(mod)]
            else:
                path = [mod]
        return mod

    def _parsearg(self, arg):
        """ return (fspath, names) tuple after checking the file exists. """
        arg = str(arg)
        if self.config.option.pyargs:
            arg = self._tryconvertpyarg(arg)
        parts = str(arg).split("::")
        relpath = parts[0].replace("/", os.sep)
        path = self.fspath.join(relpath, abs=True)
        if not path.check():
            if self.config.option.pyargs:
                msg = "file or package not found: "
            else:
                msg = "file not found: "
            raise pytest.UsageError(msg + arg)
        parts[0] = path
        return parts

    def matchnodes(self, matching, names):
        self.trace("matchnodes", matching, names)
        self.trace.root.indent += 1
        nodes = self._matchnodes(matching, names)
        num = len(nodes)
        self.trace("matchnodes finished -> ", num, "nodes")
        self.trace.root.indent -= 1
        if num == 0:
            raise NoMatch(matching, names[:1])
        return nodes

    def _matchnodes(self, matching, names):
        if not matching or not names:
            return matching
        name = names[0]
        assert name
        nextnames = names[1:]
        resultnodes = []
        for node in matching:
            if isinstance(node, pytest.Item):
                if not names:
                    resultnodes.append(node)
                continue
            assert isinstance(node, pytest.Collector)
            rep = collect_one_node(node)
            if rep.passed:
                has_matched = False
                for x in rep.result:
                    if x.name == name:
                        resultnodes.extend(self.matchnodes([x], nextnames))
                        has_matched = True
                # XXX accept IDs that don't have "()" for class instances
                if not has_matched and len(rep.result) == 1 and x.name == "()":
                    nextnames.insert(0, name)
                    resultnodes.extend(self.matchnodes([x], nextnames))
            node.ihook.pytest_collectreport(report=rep)
        return resultnodes

    def genitems(self, node):
        self.trace("genitems", node)
        if isinstance(node, pytest.Item):
            node.ihook.pytest_itemcollected(item=node)
            yield node
        else:
            assert isinstance(node, pytest.Collector)
            rep = collect_one_node(node)
            if rep.passed:
                for subnode in rep.result:
                    for x in self.genitems(subnode):
                        yield x
            node.ihook.pytest_collectreport(report=rep)