File: client.py

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#    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
#    not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
#    a copy of the License at
#
#         http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
#    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
#    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
#    WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
#    License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
#    under the License.

import contextlib
import time

from keystoneauth1 import adapter
from keystoneauth1 import discover
from keystoneauth1 import exceptions as ka_exc
from keystoneauth1.identity import v2 as v2_auth
from keystoneauth1.identity import v3 as v3_auth
from keystoneauth1 import session
from oslo_utils import importutils
from oslo_utils import strutils
import six.moves.urllib.parse as urlparse

from ceilometerclient.apiclient import auth
from ceilometerclient.apiclient import client
from ceilometerclient.apiclient import exceptions
from ceilometerclient import exc


def _discover_auth_versions(session, auth_url):
    # discover the API versions the server is supporting based on the
    # given URL
    v2_auth_url = None
    v3_auth_url = None
    try:
        ks_discover = discover.Discover(session=session, url=auth_url)
        v2_auth_url = ks_discover.url_for('2.0')
        v3_auth_url = ks_discover.url_for('3.0')
    except ka_exc.DiscoveryFailure:
        raise
    except exceptions.ClientException:
        # Identity service may not support discovery. In that case,
        # try to determine version from auth_url
        url_parts = urlparse.urlparse(auth_url)
        (scheme, netloc, path, params, query, fragment) = url_parts
        path = path.lower()
        if path.startswith('/v3'):
            v3_auth_url = auth_url
        elif path.startswith('/v2'):
            v2_auth_url = auth_url
        else:
            raise exc.CommandError('Unable to determine the Keystone '
                                   'version to authenticate with '
                                   'using the given auth_url.')
    return v2_auth_url, v3_auth_url


def _get_keystone_session(**kwargs):
    # TODO(fabgia): the heavy lifting here should be really done by Keystone.
    # Unfortunately Keystone does not support a richer method to perform
    # discovery and return a single viable URL. A bug against Keystone has
    # been filed: https://bugs.launchpad.net/python-keystoneclient/+bug/1330677

    # first create a Keystone session
    cacert = kwargs.pop('cacert', None)
    cert = kwargs.pop('cert', None)
    key = kwargs.pop('key', None)
    insecure = kwargs.pop('insecure', False)
    auth_url = kwargs.pop('auth_url', None)
    project_id = kwargs.pop('project_id', None)
    project_name = kwargs.pop('project_name', None)
    token = kwargs['token']
    timeout = kwargs.get('timeout')

    if insecure:
        verify = False
    else:
        verify = cacert or True

    if cert and key:
        # passing cert and key together is deprecated in favour of the
        # requests lib form of having the cert and key as a tuple
        cert = (cert, key)

    # create the keystone client session
    ks_session = session.Session(verify=verify, cert=cert, timeout=timeout)
    v2_auth_url, v3_auth_url = _discover_auth_versions(ks_session, auth_url)
    username = kwargs.pop('username', None)
    user_id = kwargs.pop('user_id', None)
    user_domain_name = kwargs.pop('user_domain_name', None)
    user_domain_id = kwargs.pop('user_domain_id', None)
    project_domain_name = kwargs.pop('project_domain_name', None)
    project_domain_id = kwargs.pop('project_domain_id', None)
    if v3_auth_url:
        if not user_domain_name:
            user_domain_name = 'Default'
        if not project_domain_name:
            project_domain_name = 'Default'
    auth = None

    use_domain = (user_domain_id or user_domain_name or
                  project_domain_id or project_domain_name)
    use_v3 = v3_auth_url and (use_domain or (not v2_auth_url))
    use_v2 = v2_auth_url and not use_domain

    if use_v3 and token:
        auth = v3_auth.Token(
            v3_auth_url,
            token=token,
            project_name=project_name,
            project_id=project_id,
            project_domain_name=project_domain_name,
            project_domain_id=project_domain_id)
    elif use_v2 and token:
        auth = v2_auth.Token(
            v2_auth_url,
            token=token,
            tenant_id=project_id,
            tenant_name=project_name)
    elif use_v3:
        # the auth_url as v3 specified
        # e.g. http://no.where:5000/v3
        # Keystone will return only v3 as viable option
        auth = v3_auth.Password(
            v3_auth_url,
            username=username,
            password=kwargs.pop('password', None),
            user_id=user_id,
            user_domain_name=user_domain_name,
            user_domain_id=user_domain_id,
            project_name=project_name,
            project_id=project_id,
            project_domain_name=project_domain_name,
            project_domain_id=project_domain_id)
    elif use_v2:
        # the auth_url as v2 specified
        # e.g. http://no.where:5000/v2.0
        # Keystone will return only v2 as viable option
        auth = v2_auth.Password(
            v2_auth_url,
            username,
            kwargs.pop('password', None),
            tenant_id=project_id,
            tenant_name=project_name)

    else:
        raise exc.CommandError('Unable to determine the Keystone version '
                               'to authenticate with using the given '
                               'auth_url.')

    ks_session.auth = auth
    return ks_session


def _get_endpoint(ks_session, **kwargs):
    """Get an endpoint using the provided keystone session."""

    # set service specific endpoint types
    endpoint_type = kwargs.get('endpoint_type') or 'publicURL'
    service_type = kwargs.get('service_type') or 'metering'

    endpoint = ks_session.get_endpoint(service_type=service_type,
                                       interface=endpoint_type,
                                       region_name=kwargs.get('region_name'))

    return endpoint


class AuthPlugin(auth.BaseAuthPlugin):
    opt_names = ['tenant_id', 'region_name', 'auth_token',
                 'service_type', 'endpoint_type', 'cacert',
                 'auth_url', 'insecure', 'cert_file', 'key_file',
                 'cert', 'key', 'tenant_name', 'project_name',
                 'project_id', 'project_domain_id', 'project_domain_name',
                 'user_id', 'user_domain_id', 'user_domain_name',
                 'password', 'username', 'endpoint']

    def __init__(self, auth_system=None, **kwargs):
        self.opt_names.extend(self.common_opt_names)
        super(AuthPlugin, self).__init__(auth_system, **kwargs)
        # NOTE(sileht): backward compat
        if self.opts.get('auth_token') and not self.opts.get('token'):
            self.opts['token'] = self.opts.get('auth_token')

    def _do_authenticate(self, http_client):
        token = self.opts.get('token')
        endpoint = self.opts.get('endpoint')
        if not (endpoint and token):
            ks_kwargs = self._get_ks_kwargs(http_timeout=http_client.timeout)
            ks_session = _get_keystone_session(**ks_kwargs)
            if not token:
                token = lambda: ks_session.get_token()
            if not endpoint:
                endpoint = _get_endpoint(ks_session, **ks_kwargs)
        self.opts['token'] = token
        self.opts['endpoint'] = endpoint

    def _get_ks_kwargs(self, http_timeout):
        project_id = (self.opts.get('project_id') or
                      self.opts.get('tenant_id'))
        project_name = (self.opts.get('project_name') or
                        self.opts.get('tenant_name'))
        token = self.opts.get('token')
        ks_kwargs = {
            'username': self.opts.get('username'),
            'password': self.opts.get('password'),
            'user_id': self.opts.get('user_id'),
            'user_domain_id': self.opts.get('user_domain_id'),
            'user_domain_name': self.opts.get('user_domain_name'),
            'project_id': project_id,
            'project_name': project_name,
            'project_domain_name': self.opts.get('project_domain_name'),
            'project_domain_id': self.opts.get('project_domain_id'),
            'auth_url': self.opts.get('auth_url'),
            'cacert': self.opts.get('cacert'),
            'cert': self.opts.get('cert'),
            'key': self.opts.get('key'),
            'insecure': strutils.bool_from_string(
                self.opts.get('insecure')),
            'endpoint_type': self.opts.get('endpoint_type'),
            'service_type': self.opts.get('service_type'),
            'region_name': self.opts.get('region_name'),
            'timeout': http_timeout,
            'token': token() if callable(token) else token,
        }
        return ks_kwargs

    def token_and_endpoint(self, endpoint_type, service_type):
        token = self.opts.get('token')
        if callable(token):
            token = token()
        return token, self.opts.get('endpoint')

    def sufficient_options(self):
        """Check if all required options are present.

        :raises: AuthPluginOptionsMissing
        """
        has_token = self.opts.get('token')
        has_project_domain_or_tenant = (self.opts.get('project_id') or
                                        (self.opts.get('project_name') and
                                        (self.opts.get('user_domain_name') or
                                         self.opts.get('user_domain_id'))) or
                                        (self.opts.get('tenant_id') or
                                         self.opts.get('tenant_name')))
        has_credential = (self.opts.get('username')
                          and has_project_domain_or_tenant
                          and self.opts.get('password')
                          and self.opts.get('auth_url'))
        missing = not (has_token or has_credential)
        if missing:
            missing_opts = []
            opts = ['token', 'endpoint', 'username', 'password', 'auth_url',
                    'tenant_id', 'tenant_name']
            for opt in opts:
                if not self.opts.get(opt):
                    missing_opts.append(opt)
            raise exceptions.AuthPluginOptionsMissing(missing_opts)


def _adjust_kwargs(kwargs):
    client_kwargs = {
        'username': kwargs.get('os_username'),
        'password': kwargs.get('os_password'),
        'tenant_id': kwargs.get('os_tenant_id'),
        'tenant_name': kwargs.get('os_tenant_name'),
        'auth_url': kwargs.get('os_auth_url'),
        'region_name': kwargs.get('os_region_name'),
        'service_type': kwargs.get('os_service_type'),
        'endpoint_type': kwargs.get('os_endpoint_type'),
        'insecure': kwargs.get('os_insecure'),
        'cacert': kwargs.get('os_cacert'),
        'cert_file': kwargs.get('os_cert'),
        'key_file': kwargs.get('os_key'),
        'token': kwargs.get('os_token') or kwargs.get('os_auth_token'),
        'user_domain_name': kwargs.get('os_user_domain_name'),
        'user_domain_id': kwargs.get('os_user_domain_id'),
        'project_domain_name': kwargs.get('os_project_domain_name'),
        'project_domain_id': kwargs.get('os_project_domain_id'),
    }

    client_kwargs.update(kwargs)
    client_kwargs['token'] = (client_kwargs.get('token') or
                              kwargs.get('token') or
                              kwargs.get('auth_token'))

    timeout = kwargs.get('timeout')
    if timeout is not None:
        timeout = int(timeout)
        if timeout <= 0:
            timeout = None

    insecure = strutils.bool_from_string(client_kwargs.get('insecure'))
    verify = kwargs.get('verify')
    if verify is None:
        if insecure:
            verify = False
        else:
            verify = client_kwargs.get('cacert') or True

    cert = client_kwargs.get('cert_file')
    key = client_kwargs.get('key_file')
    if cert and key:
        cert = cert, key

    client_kwargs.update({'verify': verify, 'cert': cert, 'timeout': timeout})
    return client_kwargs


def Client(version, *args, **kwargs):
    client_kwargs = _adjust_kwargs(kwargs)

    module = importutils.import_versioned_module('ceilometerclient',
                                                 version, 'client')
    client_class = getattr(module, 'Client')
    return client_class(*args, **client_kwargs)


def get_client(version, **kwargs):
    """Get an authenticated client, based on the credentials in the kwargs.

    :param version: the API version to use ('1' or '2')
    :param kwargs: keyword args containing credentials, either:

            * session: a keystoneauth/keystoneclient session object
            * service_type: The default service_type for URL discovery
            * service_name: The default service_name for URL discovery
            * interface: The default interface for URL discovery
                         (Default: public)
            * region_name: The default region_name for URL discovery
            * endpoint_override: Always use this endpoint URL for requests
                                 for this ceiloclient
            * auth: An auth plugin to use instead of the session one
            * user_agent: The User-Agent string to set
                          (Default is python-ceilometer-client)
            * connect_retries: the maximum number of retries that should be
                               attempted for connection errors
            * logger: A logging object

            or (DEPRECATED):

            * os_auth_token: (DEPRECATED) pre-existing token to re-use,
                             use os_token instead
            * os_token: pre-existing token to re-use
            * ceilometer_url: (DEPRECATED) Ceilometer API endpoint,
                              use os_endpoint instead
            * os_endpoint: Ceilometer API endpoint

            or (DEPRECATED):

            * os_username: name of user
            * os_password: user's password
            * os_user_id: user's id
            * os_user_domain_id: the domain id of the user
            * os_user_domain_name: the domain name of the user
            * os_project_id: the user project id
            * os_tenant_id: V2 alternative to os_project_id
            * os_project_name: the user project name
            * os_tenant_name: V2 alternative to os_project_name
            * os_project_domain_name: domain name for the user project
            * os_project_domain_id: domain id for the user project
            * os_auth_url: endpoint to authenticate against
            * os_cert|os_cacert: path of CA TLS certificate
            * os_key: SSL private key
            * os_insecure: allow insecure SSL (no cert verification)
    """
    endpoint = kwargs.get('os_endpoint') or kwargs.get('ceilometer_url')

    return Client(version, endpoint, **kwargs)


def get_auth_plugin(endpoint, **kwargs):
    auth_plugin = AuthPlugin(
        auth_url=kwargs.get('auth_url'),
        service_type=kwargs.get('service_type'),
        token=kwargs.get('token'),
        endpoint_type=kwargs.get('endpoint_type'),
        insecure=kwargs.get('insecure'),
        region_name=kwargs.get('region_name'),
        cacert=kwargs.get('cacert'),
        tenant_id=kwargs.get('project_id') or kwargs.get('tenant_id'),
        endpoint=endpoint,
        username=kwargs.get('username'),
        password=kwargs.get('password'),
        tenant_name=kwargs.get('project_name') or kwargs.get('tenant_name'),
        user_domain_name=kwargs.get('user_domain_name'),
        user_domain_id=kwargs.get('user_domain_id'),
        project_domain_name=kwargs.get('project_domain_name'),
        project_domain_id=kwargs.get('project_domain_id')
    )
    return auth_plugin


LEGACY_OPTS = ('auth_plugin', 'auth_url', 'token', 'insecure', 'cacert',
               'tenant_id', 'project_id', 'username', 'password',
               'project_name', 'tenant_name',
               'user_domain_name', 'user_domain_id',
               'project_domain_name', 'project_domain_id',
               'key_file', 'cert_file', 'verify', 'timeout', 'cert')


def _construct_http_client(**kwargs):
    kwargs = kwargs.copy()
    if kwargs.get('session') is not None:
        # Drop legacy options
        for opt in LEGACY_OPTS:
            kwargs.pop(opt, None)
        # Drop redirect endpoints from kwargs
        kwargs.pop('aodh_endpoint', None)
        kwargs.pop('panko_endpoint', None)

        return SessionClient(
            session=kwargs.pop('session'),
            service_type=kwargs.pop('service_type', 'metering') or 'metering',
            interface=kwargs.pop('interface', kwargs.pop('endpoint_type',
                                                         'publicURL')),
            region_name=kwargs.pop('region_name', None),
            user_agent=kwargs.pop('user_agent', 'python-ceilometerclient'),
            auth=kwargs.get('auth'),
            timings=kwargs.pop('timings', None),
            **kwargs)
    else:
        return client.BaseClient(client.HTTPClient(
            auth_plugin=kwargs.get('auth_plugin'),
            region_name=kwargs.get('region_name'),
            endpoint_type=kwargs.get('endpoint_type'),
            original_ip=kwargs.get('original_ip'),
            verify=kwargs.get('verify'),
            cert=kwargs.get('cert'),
            timeout=kwargs.get('timeout'),
            timings=kwargs.get('timings'),
            keyring_saver=kwargs.get('keyring_saver'),
            debug=kwargs.get('debug'),
            user_agent=kwargs.get('user_agent'),
            http=kwargs.get('http')
        ))


@contextlib.contextmanager
def record_time(times, enabled, *args):
    """Record the time of a specific action.

    :param times: A list of tuples holds time data.
    :type times: list
    :param enabled: Whether timing is enabled.
    :type enabled: bool
    :param args: Other data to be stored besides time data, these args
                 will be joined to a string.
    """
    if not enabled:
        yield
    else:
        start = time.time()
        yield
        end = time.time()
        times.append((' '.join(args), start, end))


class SessionClient(adapter.LegacyJsonAdapter):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        self.times = []
        self.timings = kwargs.pop('timings', False)
        super(SessionClient, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

    def request(self, url, method, **kwargs):
        kwargs.setdefault('headers', kwargs.get('headers', {}))
        # NOTE(sileht): The standard call raises errors from
        # keystoneauth, where we need to raise the ceilometerclient errors.
        raise_exc = kwargs.pop('raise_exc', True)
        with record_time(self.times, self.timings, method, url):
            resp, body = super(SessionClient, self).request(url,
                                                            method,
                                                            raise_exc=False,
                                                            **kwargs)

        if raise_exc and resp.status_code >= 400:
            raise exc.from_response(resp, body)
        return resp