File: pycompile

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#! /usr/bin/python2
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*- vim: et ts=4 sw=4
#
# Copyright © 2010-2012 Piotr Ożarowski <piotr@debian.org>
# Copyright © 2010 Canonical Ltd
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.

from __future__ import with_statement
import logging
import optparse
import os
import sys
from os import environ, listdir
from os.path import exists, isdir, islink, join
from subprocess import PIPE, STDOUT, Popen
sys.path.insert(1, '/usr/share/python/')

from debpython.version import SUPPORTED, debsorted, vrepr, \
        get_requested_versions, parse_vrange, getver
from debpython import files as dpf
from debpython.namespace import add_namespace_files
from debpython.option import Option, compile_regexpr
from debpython.pydist import PUBLIC_DIR_RE
from debpython.tools import memoize

# initialize script
logging.basicConfig(format='%(levelname).1s: %(module)s:%(lineno)d: '
                           '%(message)s')
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
STDINS = {}
WORKERS = {}

"""TODO: move it to manpage
Examples:
    pycompile -p python-mako # package's public files
    pycompile -p foo /usr/share/foo # package's private files
    pycompile -p foo -V 2.6- /usr/share/foo # private files, Python >= 2.6
    pycompile -V 2.6 /usr/lib/python2.6/dist-packages # python2.6 only
    pycompile -V 2.6 /usr/lib/foo/bar.py # python2.6 only
"""


### EXCLUDES ###################################################
@memoize
def get_exclude_patterns_from_dir(name='/usr/share/python/bcep/'):
    """Return patterns for files that shouldn't be bytecompiled."""
    if not isdir(name):
        return []

    result = []
    for fn in listdir(name):
        with file(join(name, fn), 'r') as lines:
            for line in lines:
                type_, vrange, dname, pattern = line.split('|', 3)
                vrange = parse_vrange(vrange)
                versions = get_requested_versions(vrange, available=True)
                if not versions:
                    # pattern doesn't match installed Python versions
                    continue
                pattern = pattern.rstrip('\n')
                if type_ == 're':
                    pattern = compile_regexpr(None, None, pattern)
                result.append((type_, versions, dname, pattern))
    return result


def get_exclude_patterns(directory='/', patterns=None, versions=None):
    """Return patterns for files that shouldn't be compiled in given dir."""
    if versions is not None:
        # make sure it's a set (debsorted returns a list)
        versions = set(versions)
    if patterns:
        if versions is None:
            versions = set(SUPPORTED)
        patterns = [('re', versions, directory, i) for i in patterns]
    else:
        patterns = []

    for type_, vers, dname, pattern in get_exclude_patterns_from_dir():
        # skip patterns that do not match requested directory
        if not dname.startswith(directory[:len(dname)]):
            continue
        # skip patterns that do not match requested versions
        if versions and not versions & vers:
            continue
        patterns.append((type_, vers, dname, pattern))
    return patterns


def filter_files(files, e_patterns, compile_versions):
    """Generate (file, versions_to_compile) pairs."""
    for fn in files:
        valid_versions = set(compile_versions)  # all by default

        for type_, vers, dname, pattern in e_patterns:
            if type_ == 'dir' and fn.startswith(dname):
                valid_versions = valid_versions - vers
            elif type_ == 're' and pattern.match(fn):
                valid_versions = valid_versions - vers

            # move to the next file if all versions were removed
            if not valid_versions:
                break
        if valid_versions:
            public_dir = PUBLIC_DIR_RE.match(fn)
            if public_dir:
                yield fn, set([getver(public_dir.group(1))])
            else:
                yield fn, valid_versions


### COMPILE ####################################################
def py_compile(version, optimize, workers):
    if not isinstance(version, basestring):
        version = vrepr(version)
    cmd = "/usr/bin/python%s%s -m py_compile -" \
        % (version, ' -O' if optimize else '')
    process = Popen(cmd, bufsize=1, shell=True,
                    stdin=PIPE, stdout=PIPE, stderr=STDOUT, close_fds=True)
    workers[version] = process  # keep the reference for .communicate()
    stdin = process.stdin
    while True:
        filename = (yield)
        stdin.write(filename + '\n')


def compile(files, versions, force, optimize, e_patterns=None):
    global STDINS, WORKERS
    # start Python interpreters that will handle byte compilation
    for version in versions:
        if version not in STDINS:
            coroutine = py_compile(version, optimize, WORKERS)
            coroutine.next()
            STDINS[version] = coroutine

    # byte compile files
    for fn, versions_to_compile in filter_files(files, e_patterns, versions):
        cfn = fn + 'o' if optimize else 'c'
        if not exists(fn):
            # pycentral's hook should clean it later
            if islink(fn):
                log.warn('dangling symlink skipped: %s (%s)', fn,
                          os.readlink(fn))
            continue
        if exists(cfn) and not force:
            ftime = os.stat(fn).st_mtime
            try:
                ctime = os.stat(cfn).st_mtime
            except os.error:
                ctime = 0
            if ctime > ftime:
                continue
        for version in versions_to_compile:
            try:
                pipe = STDINS[version]
            except KeyError:
                # `pycompile /usr/lib/` invoked, add missing worker
                pipe = py_compile(version, optimize, WORKERS)
                pipe.next()
                STDINS[version] = pipe
            pipe.send(fn)


################################################################
def main():
    usage = '%prog [-V [X.Y][-][A.B]] DIR_OR_FILE [-X REGEXPR]\n' + \
     '       %prog -p PACKAGE'
    parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage, version='%prog 1.0',
                                   option_class=Option)
    parser.add_option('-v', '--verbose', action='store_true', dest='verbose',
        help='turn verbose mode on')
    parser.add_option('-q', '--quiet', action='store_false', dest='verbose',
        default=False, help='be quiet')
    parser.add_option('-f', '--force', action='store_true', dest='force',
        default=False, help='force rebuild even if timestamps are up-to-date')
    parser.add_option('-O', action='store_true', dest='optimize',
        default=False, help="byte-compile to .pyo files")
    parser.add_option('-p', '--package',
        help='specify Debian package name whose files should be bytecompiled')
    parser.add_option('-V', type='version_range', dest='vrange',
        help="""force private modules to be bytecompiled with Python version
from given range, regardless of the default Python version in the system.
If there are no other options, bytecompile all public modules for installed
Python versions that match given range.

VERSION_RANGE examples: '2.5' (version 2.5 only), '2.5-' (version 2.5 or
newer), '2.5-2.7' (version 2.5 or 2.6), '-3.0' (all supported 2.X versions)""")
    parser.add_option('-X', '--exclude', action='append',
        dest='regexpr', type='regexpr',
        help='exclude items that match given REGEXPR. You may use this option \
multiple times to build up a list of things to exclude.')

    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()

    if options.verbose or environ.get('PYCOMPILE_DEBUG') == '1':
        log.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
        log.debug('argv: %s', sys.argv)
        log.debug('options: %s', options)
        log.debug('args: %s', args)
    else:
        log.setLevel(logging.WARN)

    if options.regexpr and not args:
        parser.error('--exclude option works with private directories '
            'only, please use /usr/share/python/bcep to specify '
            'public modules to skip')

    if options.vrange and options.vrange[0] == options.vrange[1] and\
       options.vrange != (None, None) and\
       exists("/usr/bin/python%d.%d" % options.vrange[0]):
        # specific version requested, use it even if it's not in SUPPORTED
        versions = set(options.vrange[:1])
    else:
        versions = get_requested_versions(options.vrange, available=True)
    if not versions:
        log.error('Requested versions are not installed')
        exit(3)

    if options.package and args:  # package's private directories
        # get requested Python version
        compile_versions = debsorted(versions)[:1]
        log.debug('compile versions: %s', versions)

        pkg_files = tuple(dpf.from_package(options.package))
        for item in args:
            e_patterns = get_exclude_patterns(item, options.regexpr, \
                                              compile_versions)
            if not exists(item):
                log.warn('No such file or directory: %s', item)
            else:
                log.debug('byte compiling %s using Python %s',
                          item, compile_versions)
                files = dpf.filter_directory(pkg_files, item)
                compile(files, compile_versions, options.force,
                        options.optimize, e_patterns)
    elif options.package:  # package's public modules
        # no need to limit versions here, version is hardcoded in path or
        # via -V option
        e_patterns = get_exclude_patterns()
        files = dpf.from_package(options.package, extensions=('.py', '.so'))
        files = dpf.filter_public(files, versions)
        files = add_namespace_files(files, options.package, action=True)
        files = dpf.filter_out_ext(files, ('.so',))
        compile(files, versions,
                options.force, options.optimize, e_patterns)
    elif args:  # other directories/files
        versions = debsorted(versions)[:1]
        for item in args:
            e_patterns = get_exclude_patterns(item, options.regexpr, versions)
            files = dpf.from_directory(item, extensions=('.py', '.so'))
            files = add_namespace_files(files, action=True)
            files = dpf.filter_out_ext(files, ('.so',))
            compile(files, versions,
                    options.force, options.optimize, e_patterns)
    else:
        parser.print_usage()
        exit(1)

    # wait for all processes to finish
    rv = 0
    for process in WORKERS.itervalues():
        child_output, child_unused = process.communicate()
        if process.returncode not in (None, 0):
            # FIXME: find out the package the file belongs to
            sys.stderr.write(child_output)
            rv = process.returncode
    if rv != 0:
        rv += 100
    exit(rv)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()