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python-pretend 1.0.8-2
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Metadata-Version: 1.1
Name: pretend
Version: 1.0.8
Summary: A library for stubbing in Python
Home-page: https://github.com/alex/pretend
Author: Alex Gaynor
Author-email: alex.gaynor@gmail.com
License: BSD
Description: pretend
        =======
        
        .. image:: https://secure.travis-ci.org/alex/pretend.png
            :target: https://travis-ci.org/alex/pretend
        
        Pretend is a library to make stubbing with Python easier.
        
        What is stubbing?
        -----------------
        
        Stubbing is a technique for writing tests. You may hear the term mixed up with
        mocks, fakes, or doubles. Basically a stub is an object that returns pre-canned
        responses, rather than doing any computation.
        
        Martin Fowler does a good job explaining the terms in his `Mocks Aren't Stubs`_
        article.
        
        .. _`Mocks Aren't Stubs`: http://martinfowler.com/articles/mocksArentStubs.html
        
        How do I install ``pretend``?
        -----------------------------
        
        It's easy with ``pip``!
        
        .. code:: bash
        
            $ pip install pretend
        
        How do I use ``pretend``?
        -------------------------
        
        It's easy, the ``stub`` function makes it easy to create a stub:
        
        .. code:: pycon
        
            >>> from pretend import stub
            >>> x = stub(country_code="US")
            >>> some_function(x)
        
        Here ``x`` will be an object with a single attribute ``country_code`` which has
        the value ``"US"``. Unlike mocks, ``x`` will not respond to any other attribute
        or methods, nor does it have any methods for making assertions about what you
        accessed.
        
        If you want to add a method to the stub, simple provide a function to it:
        
        .. code:: pycon
        
            >>> from pretend import stub
            >>> x = stub(country_code=lambda: "US")
            >>> x.country_code()
            'US'
        
        It's important to note that functions on stubs *do not* take a ``self``
        argument, this is because stubs should be returning pre-canned values, not
        doing computations.
        
        Exceptions with ``pretend``
        ---------------------------
        
        Sometimes a method you want to stub doesn't return a value, but instead raises
        an exception. To make this easy, ``pretend`` provides a helper function,
        ``raiser``, it can be used like so:
        
        .. code:: pycon
        
            >>> from pretend import stub, raiser
            >>> x = stub(func=raiser(ValueError))
            >>> x.func()
            Traceback (most recent call last):
              File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
              File "pretend.py", line 74, in inner
                raise exc
            ValueError
        
        Why is stubbing better?
        -----------------------
        
        Ideally stubbing tests how your system responds to a particular input, rather
        than which API is used. Stubbing still requires you to write tests that check
        the results of a computation, rather than looking for side effects. This
        doesn't always work though, so you do sometimes still need mocking (e.g.
        sometimes you really want to check for a side effect.)
        
        How do I get my stub into place?
        --------------------------------
        
        If you come from other mocking libraries you're probably used to a ``patch``
        method to put a mock in place. ``pretend`` doesn't include anything like this,
        a) we believe it's better, where possible, to pass stubs as arguments rather
        than monkey patch them into place, b) we believe that when you do need to
        monkey patch something into place you should use something provided by your
        testing tool. ``py.test`` includes `such a tool`_.
        
        .. _`such a tool`: http://pytest.org/latest/monkeypatch.html
        
        What if I really need to record the calls?
        ------------------------------------------
        
        If you really really need to, ``pretend`` includes a ``call_recorder`` utility:
        
        .. code:: pycon
        
            >>> from pretend import call_recorder, call
            >>> f = call_recorder(lambda a: a + 2)
            >>> f(3)
            5
            >>> assert f.calls == [call(3)]
        
        Who wrote this?
        ---------------
        
        ``pretend`` is by Alex Gaynor, who was just tired of not having a good stubbing
        tool for Python. The name is from Idan Gazit.
        
Platform: UNKNOWN
Classifier: Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable
Classifier: Intended Audience :: Developers
Classifier: License :: OSI Approved :: BSD License
Classifier: Operating System :: OS Independent
Classifier: Topic :: Software Development :: Testing
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.6
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.7
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3.2
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3.3