File: test-runner

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#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
# KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
#

# KGIUSTI: mooched from the Proton project's python-test runner

# TODO: summarize, test harness preconditions (e.g. broker is alive)

from __future__ import print_function
import logging, optparse, os, struct, sys, time, traceback, types, cgi
from fnmatch import fnmatchcase as match
from getopt import GetoptError
from logging import getLogger, StreamHandler, Formatter, Filter, \
    WARN, DEBUG, ERROR

if sys.version_info[0] == 2:
    CLASS_TYPES = (type, types.ClassType)
else:
    CLASS_TYPES = (type,)

levels = {
  "DEBUG": DEBUG,
  "WARN": WARN,
  "ERROR": ERROR
  }

sorted_levels = [(v, k) for k, v in list(levels.items())]
sorted_levels.sort()
sorted_levels = [v for k, v in sorted_levels]

parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage="usage: %prog [options] PATTERN ...",
                               description="Run tests matching the specified PATTERNs.")
parser.add_option("-l", "--list", action="store_true", default=False,
                  help="list tests instead of executing them")
parser.add_option("-f", "--log-file", metavar="FILE", help="log output to FILE")
parser.add_option("-v", "--log-level", metavar="LEVEL", default="WARN",
                  help="only display log messages of LEVEL or higher severity: "
                  "%s (default %%default)" % ", ".join(sorted_levels))
parser.add_option("-c", "--log-category", metavar="CATEGORY", action="append",
                  dest="log_categories", default=[],
                  help="log only categories matching CATEGORY pattern")
parser.add_option("-m", "--module", action="append", default=[],
                  dest="modules", help="add module to test search path")
parser.add_option("-i", "--ignore", action="append", default=[],
                  help="ignore tests matching IGNORE pattern")
parser.add_option("-I", "--ignore-file", metavar="IFILE", action="append",
                  default=[],
                  help="ignore tests matching patterns in IFILE")
parser.add_option("-H", "--halt-on-error", action="store_true", default=False,
                  dest="hoe", help="halt if an error is encountered")
parser.add_option("-t", "--time", action="store_true", default=False,
                  help="report timing information on test run")
parser.add_option("-D", "--define", metavar="DEFINE", dest="defines",
                  action="append", default=[], help="define test parameters")
parser.add_option("-x", "--xml", metavar="XML", dest="xml",
                  help="write test results in Junit style xml suitable for use by CI tools etc")
parser.add_option("-a", "--always-colorize", action="store_true", dest="always_colorize", default=False,
                  help="always colorize the test results rather than relying on terminal tty detection. Useful when invoked from Jython/Maven.")
parser.add_option("-n", metavar="count", dest="count", type=int, default=1,
                  help="run the tests <count> times")
parser.add_option("-b", "--bare", action="store_true", default=False,
                  help="Run bare, i.e. don't capture stack traces. This is useful under Jython as " +
                  "captured stack traces do not include the Java portion of the stack," +
                  "whereas non captured stack traces do.")

class Config:

  def __init__(self):
    self.defines = {}
    self.log_file = None
    self.log_level = WARN
    self.log_categories = []

opts, args = parser.parse_args()

includes = []
excludes = ["*__*__"]
config = Config()
list_only = opts.list
for d in opts.defines:
  try:
    idx = d.index("=")
    name = d[:idx]
    value = d[idx+1:]
    config.defines[name] = value
  except ValueError:
    config.defines[d] = None
config.log_file = opts.log_file
config.log_level = levels[opts.log_level.upper()]
config.log_categories = opts.log_categories
excludes.extend([v.strip() for v in opts.ignore])
for v in opts.ignore_file:
  f = open(v)
  for line in f:
    line = line.strip()
    if line.startswith("#"):
      continue
    excludes.append(line)
  f.close()

for a in args:
  includes.append(a.strip())

if not includes:
  includes.append("*")

def is_ignored(path):
  for p in excludes:
    if match(path, p):
      return True
  return False

def is_included(path):
  if is_ignored(path):
    return False
  for p in includes:
    if match(path, p):
      return True
  return False

def is_smart():
  return sys.stdout.isatty() and os.environ.get("TERM", "dumb") != "dumb"

try:
  import fcntl, termios

  def width():
    if is_smart():
      s = struct.pack("HHHH", 0, 0, 0, 0)
      fd_stdout = sys.stdout.fileno()
      x = fcntl.ioctl(fd_stdout, termios.TIOCGWINSZ, s)
      rows, cols, xpx, ypx = struct.unpack("HHHH", x)
      return cols
    else:
      try:
        return int(os.environ.get("COLUMNS", "80"))
      except ValueError:
        return 80

  WIDTH = width()

  def resize(sig, frm):
    global WIDTH
    WIDTH = width()

  import signal
  signal.signal(signal.SIGWINCH, resize)

except ImportError:
  WIDTH = 80

def vt100_attrs(*attrs):
  return "\x1B[%sm" % ";".join(map(str, attrs))

vt100_reset = vt100_attrs(0)

KEYWORDS = {"pass": (32,),
            "skip": (33,),
            "fail": (31,),
            "start": (34,),
            "total": (34,),
            "ignored": (33,),
            "selected": (34,),
            "elapsed": (34,),
            "average": (34,)}

def colorize_word(word, text=None):
  if text is None:
    text = word
  return colorize(text, *KEYWORDS.get(word, ()))

def colorize(text, *attrs):
  if attrs and (is_smart() or opts.always_colorize):
    return "%s%s%s" % (vt100_attrs(*attrs), text, vt100_reset)
  else:
    return text

def indent(text):
  lines = text.split("\n")
  return "  %s" % "\n  ".join(lines)

# Write a 'minimal' Junit xml style report file suitable for use by CI tools such as Jenkins.
class JunitXmlStyleReporter:

  def __init__(self, file):
    self.f = open(file, "w");

  def begin(self):
    self.f.write('<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>\n')
    self.f.write('<testsuite name="pythontests">\n')

  def report(self, name, result):
    parts = name.split(".")
    method = parts[-1]
    module = '.'.join(parts[0:-1])
    self.f.write('<testcase classname="%s" name="%s" time="%f">\n' % (module, method, result.time))
    if result.failed:
      escaped_type = cgi.escape(str(result.exception_type))
      escaped_message = cgi.escape(str(result.exception_message))
      self.f.write('<failure type="%s" message="%s">\n' % (escaped_type, escaped_message))
      self.f.write('<![CDATA[\n')
      self.f.write(result.formatted_exception_trace)
      self.f.write(']]>\n')
      self.f.write('</failure>\n')
    if result.skipped:
      self.f.write('<skipped/>\n')
    self.f.write('</testcase>\n')

  def end(self):
      self.f.write('</testsuite>\n')
      self.f.close()

class Interceptor:

  def __init__(self):
    self.newline = False
    self.indent = False
    self.passthrough = True
    self.dirty = False
    self.last = None

  def begin(self):
    self.newline = True
    self.indent = True
    self.passthrough = False
    self.dirty = False
    self.last = None

  def reset(self):
    self.newline = False
    self.indent = False
    self.passthrough = True

class StreamWrapper:

  def __init__(self, interceptor, stream, prefix="  "):
    self.interceptor = interceptor
    self.stream = stream
    self.prefix = prefix

  def fileno(self):
    return self.stream.fileno()

  def isatty(self):
    return self.stream.isatty()

  def write(self, s):
    if self.interceptor.passthrough:
      self.stream.write(s)
      return

    if s:
      self.interceptor.dirty = True

    if self.interceptor.newline:
      self.interceptor.newline = False
      self.stream.write(" %s\n" % colorize_word("start"))
      self.interceptor.indent = True
    if self.interceptor.indent:
      self.stream.write(self.prefix)
    if s.endswith("\n"):
      s = s.replace("\n", "\n%s" % self.prefix)[:-2]
      self.interceptor.indent = True
    else:
      s = s.replace("\n", "\n%s" % self.prefix)
      self.interceptor.indent = False
    self.stream.write(s)

    if s:
      self.interceptor.last = s[-1]

  def flush(self):
    self.stream.flush()

interceptor = Interceptor()

out_wrp = StreamWrapper(interceptor, sys.stdout)
err_wrp = StreamWrapper(interceptor, sys.stderr)

out = sys.stdout
err = sys.stderr
sys.stdout = out_wrp
sys.stderr = err_wrp

class PatternFilter(Filter):

  def __init__(self, *patterns):
    Filter.__init__(self, patterns)
    self.patterns = patterns

  def filter(self, record):
    if not self.patterns:
      return True
    for p in self.patterns:
      if match(record.name, p):
        return True
    return False

root = getLogger()
handler = StreamHandler(sys.stdout)
filter = PatternFilter(*config.log_categories)
handler.addFilter(filter)
handler.setFormatter(Formatter("%(asctime)s %(levelname)s %(message)s"))
root.addHandler(handler)
root.setLevel(WARN)

log = getLogger("unit.test")

PASS = "pass"
SKIP = "skip"
FAIL = "fail"

class Runner:

  def __init__(self):
    self.exception = None
    self.exception_phase_name = None
    self.skip = False

  def passed(self):
    return not self.exception

  def skipped(self):
    return self.skip

  def failed(self):
    return self.exception and not self.skip

  def halt(self):
    """determines if the overall test execution should be allowed to continue to the next phase"""
    return self.exception or self.skip

  def run(self, phase_name, phase):
    """invokes a test-phase method (which can be the test method itself or a setup/teardown
       method).  If the method raises an exception the exception is examined to see if the
       exception should be classified as a 'skipped' test"""
    # we don't try to catch exceptions for jython because currently a
    # jython bug will prevent the java portion of the stack being
    # stored with the exception info in the sys module
    if opts.bare:
      phase()
    else:
      try:
        phase()
      except KeyboardInterrupt:
        raise
      except:
        self.exception_phase_name = phase_name
        self.exception = sys.exc_info()
        exception_type = self.exception[0]
        self.skip = getattr(exception_type, "skipped", False)

  def status(self):
    if self.passed():
      return PASS
    elif self.skipped():
      return SKIP
    elif self.failed():
      return FAIL
    else:
      return None

  def get_formatted_exception_trace(self):
    if self.exception:
      if self.skip:
        # format skipped tests without a traceback
        output = indent("".join(traceback.format_exception_only(*self.exception[:2]))).rstrip()
      else:
        output = "Error during %s:" % self.exception_phase_name
        output += indent("".join(traceback.format_exception(*self.exception))).rstrip()
      return output

  def get_exception_type(self):
    if self.exception:
      return self.exception[0]
    else:
      return None

  def get_exception_message(self):
    if self.exception:
      return self.exception[1]
    else:
      return None

ST_WIDTH = 8

def run_test(name, test, config):
  patterns = filter.patterns
  level = root.level
  filter.patterns = config.log_categories
  root.setLevel(config.log_level)

  parts = name.split(".")
  line = None
  output = ""
  for part in parts:
    if line:
      if len(line) + len(part) >= (WIDTH - ST_WIDTH - 1):
        output += "%s. \\\n" % line
        line = "    %s" % part
      else:
        line = "%s.%s" % (line, part)
    else:
      line = part

  if line:
    output += "%s %s" % (line, (((WIDTH - ST_WIDTH) - len(line))*"."))
  sys.stdout.write(output)
  sys.stdout.flush()
  interceptor.begin()
  start = time.time()
  try:
    runner = test()
  finally:
    interceptor.reset()
  end = time.time()
  if interceptor.dirty:
    if interceptor.last != "\n":
      sys.stdout.write("\n")
    sys.stdout.write(output)
  print(" %s" % colorize_word(runner.status()))
  if runner.failed() or runner.skipped():
    print(runner.get_formatted_exception_trace())
  root.setLevel(level)
  filter.patterns = patterns
  return TestResult(end - start,
                    runner.passed(),
                    runner.skipped(),
                    runner.failed(),
                    runner.get_exception_type(),
                    runner.get_exception_message(),
                    runner.get_formatted_exception_trace())

class TestResult:

  def __init__(self, time, passed, skipped, failed, exception_type, exception_message, formatted_exception_trace):
    self.time = time
    self.passed = passed
    self.skipped = skipped
    self.failed = failed
    self.exception_type =  exception_type
    self.exception_message = exception_message
    self.formatted_exception_trace = formatted_exception_trace

class FunctionTest:

  def __init__(self, test):
    self.test = test

  def name(self):
    return "%s.%s" % (self.test.__module__, self.test.__name__)

  def run(self):
    return run_test(self.name(), self._run, config)

  def _run(self):
    runner = Runner()
    runner.run("test", lambda: self.test(config))
    return runner

  def __repr__(self):
    return "FunctionTest(%r)" % self.test

class MethodTest:

  def __init__(self, cls, method):
    self.cls = cls
    self.method = method

  def name(self):
    return "%s.%s.%s" % (self.cls.__module__, self.cls.__name__, self.method)

  def run(self):
    return run_test(self.name(), self._run, config)

  def _run(self):
    runner = Runner()
    inst = self.cls(self.method)
    test = getattr(inst, self.method)

    if hasattr(inst, "configure"):
      runner.run("configure", lambda: inst.configure(config))
      if runner.halt(): return runner
    if hasattr(inst, "setUp"):
      runner.run("setup", inst.setUp)
      if runner.halt(): return runner
    elif hasattr(inst, "setup"):
      runner.run("setup", inst.setup)
      if runner.halt(): return runner

    runner.run("test", test)

    if hasattr(inst, "tearDown"):
      runner.run("teardown", inst.tearDown)
    elif hasattr(inst, "teardown"):
      runner.run("teardown", inst.teardown)

    return runner

  def __repr__(self):
    return "MethodTest(%r, %r)" % (self.cls, self.method)

class PatternMatcher:

  def __init__(self, *patterns):
    self.patterns = patterns

  def matches(self, name):
    for p in self.patterns:
      if match(name, p):
        return True
    return False

class FunctionScanner(PatternMatcher):

  def inspect(self, obj):
    return type(obj) == types.FunctionType and self.matches(obj.__name__)

  def descend(self, func):
    # the None is required for older versions of python
    return; yield None

  def extract(self, func):
    yield FunctionTest(func)

class ClassScanner(PatternMatcher):

  def inspect(self, obj):
    return type(obj) in CLASS_TYPES and self.matches(obj.__name__)

  def descend(self, cls):
    # the None is required for older versions of python
    return; yield None

  def extract(self, cls):
    names = dir(cls)
    names.sort()
    for name in names:
      obj = getattr(cls, name)
      t = type(obj)
      if hasattr(obj, '__call__') and name.startswith("test"):
        yield MethodTest(cls, name)

class ModuleScanner:

  def __init__(self, modules):
    self._modules = modules

  def inspect(self, obj):
    if type(obj) == types.ModuleType:
        return any([obj.__name__.startswith(m) for m in self._modules])
    else:
        return False
    return type(obj) == types.ModuleType and obj.__name__.startswith("unit_test")

  def descend(self, obj):
    names = dir(obj)
    names.sort()
    for name in names:
      yield getattr(obj, name)

  def extract(self, obj):
    # the None is required for older versions of python
    return; yield None

class Harness:

  def __init__(self, modules):
    self.scanners = [
      ModuleScanner(modules),
      ClassScanner("*Test", "*Tests", "*TestCase"),
      FunctionScanner("test_*")
      ]
    self.tests = []
    self.scanned = []
    self._modules = modules

  def scan(self):
    objects = []
    for name in self._modules:
      objects.append(__import__(name, None, None, ["dummy"]))

    while objects:
      obj = objects.pop(0)
      for s in self.scanners:
        if s.inspect(obj):
          self.tests.extend(s.extract(obj))
          for child in s.descend(obj):
            if not (child in self.scanned or child in objects):
              objects.append(child)
      self.scanned.append(obj)

modules = opts.modules
if not modules:
  modules.extend(["unit_tests"])
h = Harness(modules)
h.scan()

filtered = [t for t in h.tests if is_included(t.name())]
ignored = [t for t in h.tests if is_ignored(t.name())]
total = len(filtered) + len(ignored)

if opts.xml and not list_only:
   xmlr = JunitXmlStyleReporter(opts.xml);
   xmlr.begin();
else:
   xmlr = None

def runthrough():
  passed = 0
  failed = 0
  skipped = 0
  start = time.time()
  for t in filtered:
    if list_only:
      print(t.name())
    else:
      st = t.run()
      if xmlr:
        xmlr.report(t.name(), st)
      if st.passed:
        passed += 1
      elif st.skipped:
        skipped += 1
      elif st.failed:
        failed += 1
        if opts.hoe:
          break
  end = time.time()

  run = passed + failed

  if not list_only:
    if passed:
      _pass = "pass"
    else:
      _pass = "fail"
    if failed:
      outcome = "fail"
    else:
      outcome = "pass"
    if ignored:
      ign = "ignored"
    else:
      ign = "pass"
    if skipped:
      skip = "skip"
    else:
      skip = "pass"
    print(colorize("Totals:", 1), end=None)
    totals = [colorize_word("total", "%s tests" % total),
              colorize_word(_pass, "%s passed" % passed),
              colorize_word(skip, "%s skipped" % skipped),
              colorize_word(ign, "%s ignored" % len(ignored)),
              colorize_word(outcome, "%s failed" % failed)]
    print(", ".join(totals), end=None)
    if opts.hoe and failed > 0:
      print(" -- (halted after %s)" % run)
    else:
      print("")
    if opts.time and run > 0:
      print(colorize("Timing:", 1), end=None)
      timing = [colorize_word("elapsed", "%.2fs elapsed" % (end - start)),
                colorize_word("average", "%.2fs average" % ((end - start)/run))]
      print(", ".join(timing))

  if xmlr:
     xmlr.end()

  return failed

limit = opts.count
count = 0
failures = False
while limit == 0 or count < limit:
  count += 1
  if runthrough():
    failures = True
    if count > 1:
      print(" -- (failures after %s runthroughs)" % count)
  else:
    continue

if failures:
  sys.exit(1)
else:
  sys.exit(0)