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python-pyproj 1.8.9-1
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Help on package pyproj:

NAME
    pyproj

DESCRIPTION
    Pyrex wrapper to provide python interfaces to
    PROJ.4 (http://proj.maptools.org) functions.
    
    Performs cartographic transformations and geodetic computations.
    
    The Proj class can convert from geographic (longitude,latitude)
    to native map projection (x,y) coordinates and vice versa, or
    from one map projection coordinate system directly to another.
    
    The Geod class can perform forward and inverse geodetic, or
    Great Circle, computations.  The forward computation involves
    determining latitude, longitude and back azimuth of a terminus
    point given the latitude and longitude of an initial point, plus
    azimuth and distance. The inverse computation involves
    determining the forward and back azimuths and distance given the
    latitudes and longitudes of an initial and terminus point.
    
    Input coordinates can be given as python arrays, lists/tuples,
    scalars or numpy/Numeric/numarray arrays. Optimized for objects
    that support the Python buffer protocol (regular python and
    numpy array objects).
    
    Download: http://code.google.com/p/pyproj/downloads/list
    
    Requirements: python 2.4 or higher.
    
    Example scripts are in 'test' subdirectory of source distribution.
    The 'test()' function will run the examples in the docstrings.
    
    Contact:  Jeffrey Whitaker <jeffrey.s.whitaker@noaa.gov
    
    copyright (c) 2006 by Jeffrey Whitaker.
    
    Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software
    and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
    granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
    copies and that both the copyright notice and this permission
    notice appear in supporting documentation. THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS
    ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL
    IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT
    SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
    CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
    LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
    NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
    CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

PACKAGE CONTENTS
    _geod
    _proj

CLASSES
    _geod.Geod(__builtin__.object)
        Geod
    _proj.Proj(__builtin__.object)
        Proj
    
    class Geod(_geod.Geod)
     |  performs forward and inverse geodetic, or Great Circle,
     |  computations.  The forward computation (using the 'fwd' method)
     |  involves determining latitude, longitude and back azimuth of a
     |  terminus point given the latitude and longitude of an initial
     |  point, plus azimuth and distance. The inverse computation (using
     |  the 'inv' method) involves determining the forward and back
     |  azimuths and distance given the latitudes and longitudes of an
     |  initial and terminus point.
     |  
     |  Method resolution order:
     |      Geod
     |      _geod.Geod
     |      __builtin__.object
     |  
     |  Methods defined here:
     |  
     |  fwd(self, lons, lats, az, dist, radians=False)
     |      forward transformation - Returns longitudes, latitudes and back
     |      azimuths of terminus points given longitudes (lons) and
     |      latitudes (lats) of initial points, plus forward azimuths (az)
     |      and distances (dist).
     |      
     |      Works with numpy and regular python array objects, python
     |      sequences and scalars.
     |      
     |      if radians=True, lons/lats and azimuths are radians instead of
     |      degrees. Distances are in meters.
     |  
     |  inv(self, lons1, lats1, lons2, lats2, radians=False)
     |      inverse transformation - Returns forward and back azimuths, plus
     |      distances between initial points (specified by lons1, lats1) and
     |      terminus points (specified by lons2, lats2).
     |      
     |      Works with numpy and regular python array objects, python
     |      sequences and scalars.
     |      
     |      if radians=True, lons/lats and azimuths are radians instead of
     |      degrees. Distances are in meters.
     |  
     |  npts(self, lon1, lat1, lon2, lat2, npts, radians=False)
     |      Given a single initial point and terminus point (specified by
     |      python floats lon1,lat1 and lon2,lat2), returns a list of
     |      longitude/latitude pairs describing npts equally spaced
     |      intermediate points along the geodesic between the initial and
     |      terminus points.
     |      
     |      if radians=True, lons/lats are radians instead of degrees.
     |      
     |      Example usage:
     |      
     |      >>> from pyproj import Geod
     |      >>> g = Geod(ellps='clrk66') # Use Clarke 1966 ellipsoid.
     |      >>> # specify the lat/lons of Boston and Portland.
     |      >>> boston_lat = 42.+(15./60.); boston_lon = -71.-(7./60.)
     |      >>> portland_lat = 45.+(31./60.); portland_lon = -123.-(41./60.)
     |      >>> # find ten equally spaced points between Boston and Portland.
     |      >>> lonlats = g.npts(boston_lon,boston_lat,portland_lon,portland_lat,10)
     |      >>> for lon,lat in lonlats: print '%6.3f  %7.3f' % (lat, lon)
     |      43.528  -75.414
     |      44.637  -79.883
     |      45.565  -84.512
     |      46.299  -89.279
     |      46.830  -94.156
     |      47.149  -99.112
     |      47.251  -104.106
     |      47.136  -109.100
     |      46.805  -114.051
     |      46.262  -118.924
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Static methods defined here:
     |  
     |  __new__(self, initparams=None, **kwargs)
     |      initialize a Geod class instance.
     |      
     |      Geodetic parameters for specifying the ellipsoid or sphere to
     |      use must either be given in a dictionary 'initparams' or as
     |      keyword arguments. Following is a list of the ellipsoids that
     |      may be defined using the 'ellps' keyword:
     |      
     |         MERIT a=6378137.0      rf=298.257       MERIT 1983
     |         SGS85 a=6378136.0      rf=298.257       Soviet Geodetic System 85
     |         GRS80 a=6378137.0      rf=298.257222101 GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)
     |         IAU76 a=6378140.0      rf=298.257       IAU 1976
     |          airy a=6377563.396    b=6356256.910    Airy 1830
     |        APL4.9 a=6378137.0.     rf=298.25        Appl. Physics. 1965
     |         NWL9D a=6378145.0.     rf=298.25        Naval Weapons Lab., 1965
     |      mod_airy a=6377340.189    b=6356034.446    Modified Airy
     |        andrae a=6377104.43     rf=300.0         Andrae 1876 (Den., Iclnd.)
     |       aust_SA a=6378160.0      rf=298.25        Australian Natl & S. Amer. 1969
     |         GRS67 a=6378160.0      rf=298.2471674270 GRS 67(IUGG 1967)
     |        bessel a=6377397.155    rf=299.1528128   Bessel 1841
     |      bess_nam a=6377483.865    rf=299.1528128   Bessel 1841 (Namibia)
     |        clrk66 a=6378206.4      b=6356583.8      Clarke 1866
     |        clrk80 a=6378249.145    rf=293.4663      Clarke 1880 mod.
     |           CPM a=6375738.7      rf=334.29        Comm. des Poids et Mesures 1799
     |        delmbr a=6376428.       rf=311.5         Delambre 1810 (Belgium)
     |       engelis a=6378136.05     rf=298.2566      Engelis 1985
     |       evrst30 a=6377276.345    rf=300.8017      Everest 1830
     |       evrst48 a=6377304.063    rf=300.8017      Everest 1948
     |       evrst56 a=6377301.243    rf=300.8017      Everest 1956
     |       evrst69 a=6377295.664    rf=300.8017      Everest 1969
     |       evrstSS a=6377298.556    rf=300.8017      Everest (Sabah & Sarawak)
     |       fschr60 a=6378166.       rf=298.3         Fischer (Mercury Datum) 1960
     |      fschr60m a=6378155.       rf=298.3         Modified Fischer 1960
     |       fschr68 a=6378150.       rf=298.3         Fischer 1968
     |       helmert a=6378200.       rf=298.3         Helmert 1906
     |         hough a=6378270.0      rf=297.          Hough
     |          intl a=6378388.0      rf=297.          International 1909 (Hayford)
     |         krass a=6378245.0      rf=298.3         Krassovsky, 1942
     |         kaula a=6378163.       rf=298.24        Kaula 1961
     |         lerch a=6378139.       rf=298.257       Lerch 1979
     |         mprts a=6397300.       rf=191.          Maupertius 1738
     |      new_intl a=6378157.5      b=6356772.2      New International 1967
     |       plessis a=6376523.       b=6355863.       Plessis 1817 (France)
     |        SEasia a=6378155.0      b=6356773.3205   Southeast Asia
     |       walbeck a=6376896.0      b=6355834.8467   Walbeck
     |         WGS60 a=6378165.0      rf=298.3         WGS 60
     |         WGS66 a=6378145.0      rf=298.25        WGS 66
     |         WGS72 a=6378135.0      rf=298.26        WGS 72
     |         WGS84 a=6378137.0      rf=298.257223563 WGS 84
     |        sphere a=6370997.0      b=6370997.0      Normal Sphere (r=6370997)
     |      
     |      The parameters of the ellipsoid may also be set directly using
     |      the 'a' (semi-major or equatorial axis radius) keyword, and
     |      any one of the following keywords: 'b' (semi-minor,
     |      or polar axis radius), 'e' (eccentricity), 'es' (eccentricity
     |      squared), 'f' (flattening), or 'rf' (reciprocal flattening).
     |      
     |      See the proj documentation (http://proj.maptools.org) for more
     |      information about specifying ellipsoid parameters (specifically,
     |      the chapter 'Specifying the Earth's figure' in the main Proj
     |      users manual).
     |      
     |      Example usage:
     |      
     |      >>> from pyproj import Geod
     |      >>> g = Geod(ellps='clrk66') # Use Clarke 1966 ellipsoid.
     |      >>> # specify the lat/lons of some cities.
     |      >>> boston_lat = 42.+(15./60.); boston_lon = -71.-(7./60.)
     |      >>> portland_lat = 45.+(31./60.); portland_lon = -123.-(41./60.)
     |      >>> newyork_lat = 40.+(47./60.); newyork_lon = -73.-(58./60.)
     |      >>> london_lat = 51.+(32./60.); london_lon = -(5./60.)
     |      >>> # compute forward and back azimuths, plus distance
     |      >>> # between Boston and Portland.
     |      >>> az12,az21,dist = g.inv(boston_lon,boston_lat,portland_lon,portland_lat)
     |      >>> print "%7.3f %6.3f %12.3f" % (az12,az21,dist)
     |      -66.531 75.654  4164192.708
     |      >>> # compute latitude, longitude and back azimuth of Portland,
     |      >>> # given Boston lat/lon, forward azimuth and distance to Portland.
     |      >>> endlon, endlat, backaz = g.fwd(boston_lon, boston_lat, az12, dist)
     |      >>> print "%6.3f  %6.3f %13.3f" % (endlat,endlon,backaz)
     |      45.517  -123.683        75.654
     |      >>> # compute the azimuths, distances from New York to several
     |      >>> # cities (pass a list)
     |      >>> lons1 = 3*[newyork_lon]; lats1 = 3*[newyork_lat]
     |      >>> lons2 = [boston_lon, portland_lon, london_lon]
     |      >>> lats2 = [boston_lat, portland_lat, london_lat]
     |      >>> az12,az21,dist = g.inv(lons1,lats1,lons2,lats2)
     |      >>> for faz,baz,d in zip(az12,az21,dist): print "%7.3f %7.3f %9.3f" % (faz,baz,d)
     |       54.663 -123.448 288303.720
     |      -65.463  79.342 4013037.318
     |       51.254 -71.576 5579916.649
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Data descriptors defined here:
     |  
     |  __dict__
     |      dictionary for instance variables (if defined)
     |  
     |  __weakref__
     |      list of weak references to the object (if defined)
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Methods inherited from _geod.Geod:
     |  
     |  __reduce__(...)
     |      special method that allows pyproj.Geod instance to be pickled
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Data descriptors inherited from _geod.Geod:
     |  
     |  geodparams
     |  
     |  proj_version
    
    class Proj(_proj.Proj)
     |  performs cartographic transformations (converts from
     |  longitude,latitude to native map projection x,y coordinates and
     |  vice versa) using proj (http://proj.maptools.org/)
     |  
     |  A Proj class instance is initialized with proj map projection
     |  control parameter key/value pairs. The key/value pairs can
     |  either be passed in a dictionary, or as keyword arguments,
     |  or as a proj4 string (compatible with the proj command). See
     |  http://www.remotesensing.org/geotiff/proj_list for examples of
     |  key/value pairs defining different map projections.
     |  
     |  Calling a Proj class instance with the arguments lon, lat will
     |  convert lon/lat (in degrees) to x/y native map projection
     |  coordinates (in meters).  If optional keyword 'inverse' is True
     |  (default is False), the inverse transformation from x/y to
     |  lon/lat is performed. If optional keyword 'radians' is True
     |  (default is False) lon/lat are interpreted as radians instead of
     |  degrees. If optional keyword 'errcheck' is True (default is
     |  False) an exception is raised if the transformation is invalid.
     |  If errcheck=False and the transformation is invalid, no
     |  exception is raised and 1.e30 is returned. If the optional keyword
     |  'preserve_units' is True, the units in map projection coordinates
     |  are not forced to be meters.
     |  
     |  Works with numpy and regular python array objects, python
     |  sequences and scalars.
     |  
     |  Method resolution order:
     |      Proj
     |      _proj.Proj
     |      __builtin__.object
     |  
     |  Methods defined here:
     |  
     |  __call__(self, *args, **kw)
     |      Calling a Proj class instance with the arguments lon, lat will
     |      convert lon/lat (in degrees) to x/y native map projection
     |      coordinates (in meters).  If optional keyword 'inverse' is True
     |      (default is False), the inverse transformation from x/y to
     |      lon/lat is performed.  If optional keyword 'radians' is True
     |      (default is False) the units of lon/lat are radians instead of
     |      degrees. If optional keyword 'errcheck' is True (default is
     |      False) an exception is raised if the transformation is invalid.
     |      If errcheck=False and the transformation is invalid, no
     |      exception is raised and 1.e30 is returned.
     |      
     |      Instead of calling with lon, lat, a single ndarray of
     |      shape n,2 may be used, and one of the same shape will
     |      be returned; this is more efficient.
     |      
     |      Inputs should be doubles (they will be cast to doubles if they
     |      are not, causing a slight performance hit).
     |      
     |      Works with numpy and regular python array objects, python
     |      sequences and scalars, but is fastest for array objects.
     |  
     |  is_geocent(self)
     |      returns True if projection in geocentric (x/y) coordinates
     |  
     |  is_latlong(self)
     |      returns True if projection in geographic (lon/lat) coordinates
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Static methods defined here:
     |  
     |  __new__(self, projparams=None, **kwargs)
     |      initialize a Proj class instance.
     |      
     |      Proj4 projection control parameters must either be given in a
     |      dictionary 'projparams' or as keyword arguments. See the proj
     |      documentation (http://proj.maptools.org) for more information
     |      about specifying projection parameters.
     |      
     |      Example usage:
     |      
     |      >>> from pyproj import Proj
     |      >>> p = Proj(proj='utm',zone=10,ellps='WGS84') # use kwargs
     |      >>> x,y = p(-120.108, 34.36116666)
     |      >>> print 'x=%9.3f y=%11.3f' % (x,y)
     |      x=765975.641 y=3805993.134
     |      >>> print 'lon=%8.3f lat=%5.3f' % p(x,y,inverse=True)
     |      lon=-120.108 lat=34.361
     |      >>> # do 3 cities at a time in a tuple (Fresno, LA, SF)
     |      >>> lons = (-119.72,-118.40,-122.38)
     |      >>> lats = (36.77, 33.93, 37.62 )
     |      >>> x,y = p(lons, lats)
     |      >>> print 'x: %9.3f %9.3f %9.3f' % x
     |      x: 792763.863 925321.537 554714.301
     |      >>> print 'y: %9.3f %9.3f %9.3f' % y
     |      y: 4074377.617 3763936.941 4163835.303
     |      >>> lons, lats = p(x, y, inverse=True) # inverse transform
     |      >>> print 'lons: %8.3f %8.3f %8.3f' % lons
     |      lons: -119.720 -118.400 -122.380
     |      >>> print 'lats: %8.3f %8.3f %8.3f' % lats
     |      lats:   36.770   33.930   37.620
     |      >>> p2 = Proj('+proj=utm +zone=10 +ellps=WGS84') # use proj4 string
     |      >>> x,y = p2(-120.108, 34.36116666)
     |      >>> print 'x=%9.3f y=%11.3f' % (x,y)
     |      x=765975.641 y=3805993.134
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Data descriptors defined here:
     |  
     |  __dict__
     |      dictionary for instance variables (if defined)
     |  
     |  __weakref__
     |      list of weak references to the object (if defined)
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Methods inherited from _proj.Proj:
     |  
     |  __reduce__(...)
     |      special method that allows pyproj.Proj instance to be pickled
     |  
     |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
     |  Data descriptors inherited from _proj.Proj:
     |  
     |  proj_version
     |  
     |  srs

FUNCTIONS
    set_datapath(...)
    
    test()
        run the examples in the docstrings using the doctest module
    
    transform(p1, p2, x, y, z=None, radians=False)
        x2, y2, z2 = transform(p1, p2, x1, y1, z1, radians=False)
        
        Transform points between two coordinate systems defined by the
        Proj instances p1 and p2.
        
        The points x1,y1,z1 in the coordinate system defined by p1 are
        transformed to x2,y2,z2 in the coordinate system defined by p2.
        
        z1 is optional, if it is not set it is assumed to be zero (and
        only x2 and y2 are returned).
        
        In addition to converting between cartographic and geographic
        projection coordinates, this function can take care of datum
        shifts (which cannot be done using the __call__ method of the
        Proj instances). It also allows for one of the coordinate
        systems to be geographic (proj = 'latlong').
        
        If optional keyword 'radians' is True (default is False) and p1
        is defined in geographic coordinate (pj.is_latlong() is True),
        x1,y1 is interpreted as radians instead of the default degrees.
        Similarly, if p2 is defined in geographic coordinates and
        radians=True, x2, y2 are returned in radians instead of degrees.
        if p1.is_latlong() and p2.is_latlong() both are False, the
        radians keyword has no effect.
        
        x,y and z can be numpy or regular python arrays, python
        lists/tuples or scalars. Arrays are fastest.  For projections in
        geocentric coordinates, values of x and y are given in meters.
        z is always meters.
        
        Example usage:
        
        >>> # projection 1: UTM zone 15, grs80 ellipse, NAD83 datum
        >>> # (defined by epsg code 26915)
        >>> p1 = Proj(init='epsg:26915')
        >>> # projection 2: UTM zone 15, clrk66 ellipse, NAD27 datum
        >>> p2 = Proj(init='epsg:26715')
        >>> # find x,y of Jefferson City, MO.
        >>> x1, y1 = p1(-92.199881,38.56694)
        >>> # transform this point to projection 2 coordinates.
        >>> x2, y2 = transform(p1,p2,x1,y1)
        >>> print '%9.3f %11.3f' % (x1,y1)
        569704.566 4269024.671
        >>> print '%9.3f %11.3f' % (x2,y2)
        569706.333 4268817.680
        >>> print '%8.3f %5.3f' % p2(x2,y2,inverse=True)
         -92.200 38.567
        >>> # process 3 points at a time in a tuple
        >>> lats = (38.83,39.32,38.75) # Columbia, KC and StL Missouri
        >>> lons = (-92.22,-94.72,-90.37)
        >>> x1, y1 = p1(lons,lats)
        >>> x2, y2 = transform(p1,p2,x1,y1)
        >>> xy = x1+y1
        >>> print '%9.3f %9.3f %9.3f %11.3f %11.3f %11.3f' % xy
        567703.344 351730.944 728553.093 4298200.739 4353698.725 4292319.005
        >>> xy = x2+y2
        >>> print '%9.3f %9.3f %9.3f %11.3f %11.3f %11.3f' % xy
        567705.072 351727.113 728558.917 4297993.157 4353490.111 4292111.678
        >>> lons, lats = p2(x2,y2,inverse=True)
        >>> xy = lons+lats
        >>> print '%8.3f %8.3f %8.3f %5.3f %5.3f %5.3f' % xy
         -92.220  -94.720  -90.370 38.830 39.320 38.750

DATA
    __version__ = '1.8.8'

VERSION
    1.8.8