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<!-- README.md is generated from README.Rmd. Please edit that file -->

# gtable <img src="man/figures/logo.png" align="right"/>

[![Travis build
status](https://travis-ci.org/r-lib/gtable.svg?branch=master)](https://travis-ci.org/r-lib/gtable)
[![CRAN\_Status\_Badge](http://www.r-pkg.org/badges/version/gtable)](http://cran.r-project.org/package=gtable)
[![Coverage
status](https://codecov.io/gh/r-lib/gtable/branch/master/graph/badge.svg)](https://codecov.io/github/r-lib/gtable?branch=master)
[![lifecycle](https://img.shields.io/badge/lifecycle-stable-brightgreen.svg)](https://www.tidyverse.org/lifecycle/#stable)

gtable is a layout engine build on top of the grid package. It is used
to abstract away the creation of (potentially nested) grids of viewports
into which graphic objects can be placed. The use of gtable makes it
easy to ensure alignment of graphic elements as well as building up
complex graphic compositions in a piecemeal fashion. gtable is the
layout engine powering [ggplot2](https://ggplot2.tidyverse.org) and is
thus used extensively by many plotting functions in R without being
called directly.

## Installation

You can install the released version of gtable from
[CRAN](https://CRAN.R-project.org) with:

``` r
install.packages("gtable")
```

or use the remotes package to install the development version from
[GitHub](https://github.com/r-lib/gtable)

``` r
# install.packages("remotes")
remotes::install_github("r-lib/gtable")
```

## Example

As described above, ggplot2 uses gtable for laying out the plot, and it
is possible to access the gtable representation of a plot for inspection
and modification:

``` r
library(gtable)
library(ggplot2)

p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(mpg, disp)) + geom_point()

p_table <- ggplotGrob(p)

p_table
#> TableGrob (12 x 9) "layout": 18 grobs
#>     z         cells       name                                         grob
#> 1   0 ( 1-12, 1- 9) background               rect[plot.background..rect.45]
#> 2   5 ( 6- 6, 4- 4)     spacer                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 3   7 ( 7- 7, 4- 4)     axis-l           absoluteGrob[GRID.absoluteGrob.32]
#> 4   3 ( 8- 8, 4- 4)     spacer                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 5   6 ( 6- 6, 5- 5)     axis-t                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 6   1 ( 7- 7, 5- 5)      panel                      gTree[panel-1.gTree.17]
#> 7   9 ( 8- 8, 5- 5)     axis-b           absoluteGrob[GRID.absoluteGrob.25]
#> 8   4 ( 6- 6, 6- 6)     spacer                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 9   8 ( 7- 7, 6- 6)     axis-r                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 10  2 ( 8- 8, 6- 6)     spacer                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 11 10 ( 5- 5, 5- 5)     xlab-t                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 12 11 ( 9- 9, 5- 5)     xlab-b titleGrob[axis.title.x.bottom..titleGrob.36]
#> 13 12 ( 7- 7, 3- 3)     ylab-l   titleGrob[axis.title.y.left..titleGrob.39]
#> 14 13 ( 7- 7, 7- 7)     ylab-r                               zeroGrob[NULL]
#> 15 14 ( 4- 4, 5- 5)   subtitle         zeroGrob[plot.subtitle..zeroGrob.41]
#> 16 15 ( 3- 3, 5- 5)      title            zeroGrob[plot.title..zeroGrob.40]
#> 17 16 (10-10, 5- 5)    caption          zeroGrob[plot.caption..zeroGrob.43]
#> 18 17 ( 2- 2, 2- 2)        tag              zeroGrob[plot.tag..zeroGrob.42]
```

As can be seen, a gtable object is a collection of graphic elements
along with their placement in the grid and the dimensions of the grid
itself. graphic elements can span multiple rows and columns in the grid
and be gtables themselves allowing for very complex automatically
arranging layouts.

A gtable object is itself a grob, and can thus be drawn using standard
functions from the grid package:

``` r
library(grid)
grid.draw(p_table) # alternative use plot(p_table)
```

<img src="man/figures/README-unnamed-chunk-2-1.png" width="100%" />

While most people will interact with gtable through ggplot2, it is
certainly possible to use it to build a plot up from the ground.

``` r
# Construct some graphical elements using grid
points <- pointsGrob(
  x = runif(10),
  y = runif(10),
  size = unit(runif(10), 'cm')
)
xaxis <- xaxisGrob(at = c(0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1))
yaxis <- yaxisGrob(at = c(0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1))

# Setup the gtable layout
plot <- gtable(
  widths = unit(c(1.5, 0, 1, 0.5), c('cm', 'cm', 'null', 'cm')),
  heights = unit(c(0.5, 1, 0, 1), c('cm', 'null', 'cm', 'cm'))
)

# Add the grobs
plot <- gtable_add_grob(
  plot,
  grobs = list(points, xaxis, yaxis),
  t = c(2, 3, 2),
  l = c(3, 3, 2),
  clip = 'off'
)

# Plot
grid.draw(plot)
```

<img src="man/figures/README-unnamed-chunk-3-1.png" width="100%" />