File: misc.R

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# file MASS/R/misc.R
# copyright (C) 1994-2014 W. N. Venables and B. D. Ripley
#
#  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 or 3 of the License
#  (at your option).
#
#  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#  GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#  A copy of the GNU General Public License is available at
#  http://www.r-project.org/Licenses/
#

con2tr <- function(obj)
{
    data.frame(expand.grid(x=obj$x,y=obj$y),z=as.vector(obj$z))
}

Null <- function(M)
{
    tmp <- qr(M)
    set <- if(tmp$rank == 0L) seq_len(ncol(M)) else  -seq_len(tmp$rank)
    qr.Q(tmp, complete = TRUE)[, set, drop = FALSE]
}

ginv <- function(X, tol = sqrt(.Machine$double.eps))
{
#
# based on suggestions of R. M. Heiberger, T. M. Hesterberg and WNV
#
    if(length(dim(X)) > 2L || !(is.numeric(X) || is.complex(X)))
        stop("'X' must be a numeric or complex matrix")
    if(!is.matrix(X)) X <- as.matrix(X)
    Xsvd <- svd(X)
    if(is.complex(X)) Xsvd$u <- Conj(Xsvd$u)
    Positive <- Xsvd$d > max(tol * Xsvd$d[1L], 0)
    if (all(Positive)) Xsvd$v %*% (1/Xsvd$d * t(Xsvd$u))
    else if(!any(Positive)) array(0, dim(X)[2L:1L])
    else Xsvd$v[, Positive, drop=FALSE] %*% ((1/Xsvd$d[Positive]) * t(Xsvd$u[, Positive, drop=FALSE]))
}