File: sha512.c

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/* sha512.c - an implementation of SHA-384/512 hash functions
 * based on FIPS 180-3 (Federal Information Processing Standart).
 *
 * Copyright: 2010 Aleksey Kravchenko <rhash.admin@gmail.com>
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted,  free of charge,  to any person  obtaining a
 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
 * to deal in the Software without restriction,  including without limitation
 * the rights to  use, copy, modify,  merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
 * and/or sell copies  of  the Software,  and to permit  persons  to whom the
 * Software is furnished to do so.
 */

#include <string.h>
#include "byte_order.h"
#include "sha512.h"

/* SHA-384 and SHA-512 constants for 80 rounds. These qwords represent
 * the first 64 bits of the fractional parts of the cube
 * roots of the first 80 prime numbers. */
static const uint64_t rhash_k512[80] = {
	I64(0x428a2f98d728ae22), I64(0x7137449123ef65cd), I64(0xb5c0fbcfec4d3b2f),
	I64(0xe9b5dba58189dbbc), I64(0x3956c25bf348b538), I64(0x59f111f1b605d019),
	I64(0x923f82a4af194f9b), I64(0xab1c5ed5da6d8118), I64(0xd807aa98a3030242),
	I64(0x12835b0145706fbe), I64(0x243185be4ee4b28c), I64(0x550c7dc3d5ffb4e2),
	I64(0x72be5d74f27b896f), I64(0x80deb1fe3b1696b1), I64(0x9bdc06a725c71235),
	I64(0xc19bf174cf692694), I64(0xe49b69c19ef14ad2), I64(0xefbe4786384f25e3),
	I64(0x0fc19dc68b8cd5b5), I64(0x240ca1cc77ac9c65), I64(0x2de92c6f592b0275),
	I64(0x4a7484aa6ea6e483), I64(0x5cb0a9dcbd41fbd4), I64(0x76f988da831153b5),
	I64(0x983e5152ee66dfab), I64(0xa831c66d2db43210), I64(0xb00327c898fb213f),
	I64(0xbf597fc7beef0ee4), I64(0xc6e00bf33da88fc2), I64(0xd5a79147930aa725),
	I64(0x06ca6351e003826f), I64(0x142929670a0e6e70), I64(0x27b70a8546d22ffc),
	I64(0x2e1b21385c26c926), I64(0x4d2c6dfc5ac42aed), I64(0x53380d139d95b3df),
	I64(0x650a73548baf63de), I64(0x766a0abb3c77b2a8), I64(0x81c2c92e47edaee6),
	I64(0x92722c851482353b), I64(0xa2bfe8a14cf10364), I64(0xa81a664bbc423001),
	I64(0xc24b8b70d0f89791), I64(0xc76c51a30654be30), I64(0xd192e819d6ef5218),
	I64(0xd69906245565a910), I64(0xf40e35855771202a), I64(0x106aa07032bbd1b8),
	I64(0x19a4c116b8d2d0c8), I64(0x1e376c085141ab53), I64(0x2748774cdf8eeb99),
	I64(0x34b0bcb5e19b48a8), I64(0x391c0cb3c5c95a63), I64(0x4ed8aa4ae3418acb),
	I64(0x5b9cca4f7763e373), I64(0x682e6ff3d6b2b8a3), I64(0x748f82ee5defb2fc),
	I64(0x78a5636f43172f60), I64(0x84c87814a1f0ab72), I64(0x8cc702081a6439ec),
	I64(0x90befffa23631e28), I64(0xa4506cebde82bde9), I64(0xbef9a3f7b2c67915),
	I64(0xc67178f2e372532b), I64(0xca273eceea26619c), I64(0xd186b8c721c0c207),
	I64(0xeada7dd6cde0eb1e), I64(0xf57d4f7fee6ed178), I64(0x06f067aa72176fba),
	I64(0x0a637dc5a2c898a6), I64(0x113f9804bef90dae), I64(0x1b710b35131c471b),
	I64(0x28db77f523047d84), I64(0x32caab7b40c72493), I64(0x3c9ebe0a15c9bebc),
	I64(0x431d67c49c100d4c), I64(0x4cc5d4becb3e42b6), I64(0x597f299cfc657e2a),
	I64(0x5fcb6fab3ad6faec), I64(0x6c44198c4a475817)
};

/* The SHA512/384 functions defined by FIPS 180-3, 4.1.3 */
/* Optimized version of Ch(x,y,z)=((x & y) | (~x & z)) */
#define Ch(x,y,z)  ((z) ^ ((x) & ((y) ^ (z))))
/* Optimized version of Maj(x,y,z)=((x & y) ^ (x & z) ^ (y & z)) */
#define Maj(x,y,z) (((x) & (y)) ^ ((z) & ((x) ^ (y))))

#define Sigma0(x) (ROTR64((x), 28) ^ ROTR64((x), 34) ^ ROTR64((x), 39))
#define Sigma1(x) (ROTR64((x), 14) ^ ROTR64((x), 18) ^ ROTR64((x), 41))
#define sigma0(x) (ROTR64((x),  1) ^ ROTR64((x),  8) ^ ((x) >> 7))
#define sigma1(x) (ROTR64((x), 19) ^ ROTR64((x), 61) ^ ((x) >> 6))

/* Recalculate element n-th of circular buffer W using formula
 *   W[n] = sigma1(W[n - 2]) + W[n - 7] + sigma0(W[n - 15]) + W[n - 16]; */
#define RECALCULATE_W(W,n) (W[n] += \
	(sigma1(W[(n - 2) & 15]) + W[(n - 7) & 15] + sigma0(W[(n - 15) & 15])))

#define ROUND(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,k,data) { \
	uint64_t T1 = h + Sigma1(e) + Ch(e,f,g) + k + (data); \
	d += T1, h = T1 + Sigma0(a) + Maj(a,b,c); }
#define ROUND_1_16(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,n) \
	ROUND(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h, rhash_k512[n], W[n] = be2me_64(block[n]))
#define ROUND_17_80(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,n) \
	ROUND(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h, k[n], RECALCULATE_W(W, n))

/**
 * Initialize context before calculating hash.
 *
 * @param ctx context to initialize
 */
void rhash_sha512_init(sha512_ctx *ctx)
{
	/* Initial values. These words were obtained by taking the first 32
	 * bits of the fractional parts of the square roots of the first
	 * eight prime numbers. */
	static const uint64_t SHA512_H0[8] = {
		I64(0x6a09e667f3bcc908), I64(0xbb67ae8584caa73b), I64(0x3c6ef372fe94f82b),
		I64(0xa54ff53a5f1d36f1), I64(0x510e527fade682d1), I64(0x9b05688c2b3e6c1f),
		I64(0x1f83d9abfb41bd6b), I64(0x5be0cd19137e2179)
	};

	ctx->length = 0;
	ctx->digest_length = sha512_hash_size;

	/* initialize algorithm state */
	memcpy(ctx->hash, SHA512_H0, sizeof(ctx->hash));
}

/**
 * Initialize context before calculaing hash.
 *
 * @param ctx context to initalize
 */
void rhash_sha384_init(struct sha512_ctx *ctx)
{
	/* Initial values from FIPS 180-3. These words were obtained by taking
	 * the first sixty-four bits of the fractional parts of the square
	 * roots of ninth through sixteenth prime numbers. */
	static const uint64_t SHA384_H0[8] = {
		I64(0xcbbb9d5dc1059ed8), I64(0x629a292a367cd507), I64(0x9159015a3070dd17),
		I64(0x152fecd8f70e5939), I64(0x67332667ffc00b31), I64(0x8eb44a8768581511),
		I64(0xdb0c2e0d64f98fa7), I64(0x47b5481dbefa4fa4)
	};

	ctx->length = 0;
	ctx->digest_length = sha384_hash_size;

	memcpy(ctx->hash, SHA384_H0, sizeof(ctx->hash));
}

/**
 * The core transformation. Process a 512-bit block.
 *
 * @param hash algorithm state
 * @param block the message block to process
 */
static void rhash_sha512_process_block(uint64_t hash[8], uint64_t block[16])
{
	uint64_t A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H;
	uint64_t W[16];
	const uint64_t *k;
	int i;

	A = hash[0], B = hash[1], C = hash[2], D = hash[3];
	E = hash[4], F = hash[5], G = hash[6], H = hash[7];

	/* Compute SHA using alternate Method: FIPS 180-3 6.1.3 */
	ROUND_1_16(A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, 0);
	ROUND_1_16(H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, 1);
	ROUND_1_16(G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, 2);
	ROUND_1_16(F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, 3);
	ROUND_1_16(E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, 4);
	ROUND_1_16(D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, 5);
	ROUND_1_16(C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, 6);
	ROUND_1_16(B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, 7);
	ROUND_1_16(A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, 8);
	ROUND_1_16(H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, 9);
	ROUND_1_16(G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, 10);
	ROUND_1_16(F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, 11);
	ROUND_1_16(E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, 12);
	ROUND_1_16(D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, 13);
	ROUND_1_16(C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, 14);
	ROUND_1_16(B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, 15);

	for(i = 16, k = &rhash_k512[16]; i < 80; i += 16, k += 16) {
		ROUND_17_80(A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H,  0);
		ROUND_17_80(H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G,  1);
		ROUND_17_80(G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F,  2);
		ROUND_17_80(F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E,  3);
		ROUND_17_80(E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D,  4);
		ROUND_17_80(D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C,  5);
		ROUND_17_80(C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B,  6);
		ROUND_17_80(B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A,  7);
		ROUND_17_80(A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H,  8);
		ROUND_17_80(H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G,  9);
		ROUND_17_80(G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, 10);
		ROUND_17_80(F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, 11);
		ROUND_17_80(E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, 12);
		ROUND_17_80(D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, 13);
		ROUND_17_80(C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, 14);
		ROUND_17_80(B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, 15);
	}

	hash[0] += A, hash[1] += B, hash[2] += C, hash[3] += D;
	hash[4] += E, hash[5] += F, hash[6] += G, hash[7] += H;
}

/**
 * Calculate message hash.
 * Can be called repeatedly with chunks of the message to be hashed.
 *
 * @param ctx the algorithm context containing current hashing state
 * @param msg message chunk
 * @param size length of the message chunk
 */
void rhash_sha512_update(sha512_ctx *ctx, const unsigned char *msg, size_t size)
{
	size_t index = (size_t)ctx->length & 127;
	ctx->length += size;

	/* fill partial block */
	if(index) {
		size_t left = sha512_block_size - index;
		memcpy((char*)ctx->message + index, msg, (size < left ? size : left));
		if(size < left) return;

		/* process partial block */
		rhash_sha512_process_block(ctx->hash, ctx->message);
		msg  += left;
		size -= left;
	}
	while(size >= sha512_block_size) {
		uint64_t* aligned_message_block;
		if(IS_ALIGNED_64(msg)) {
			/* the most common case is processing of an already aligned message
			without copying it */
			aligned_message_block = (uint64_t*)msg;
		} else {
			memcpy(ctx->message, msg, sha512_block_size);
			aligned_message_block = ctx->message;
		}

		rhash_sha512_process_block(ctx->hash, aligned_message_block);
		msg  += sha512_block_size;
		size -= sha512_block_size;
	}
	if(size) {
		memcpy(ctx->message, msg, size); /* save leftovers */
	}
}

/**
 * Store calculated hash into the given array.
 *
 * @param ctx the algorithm context containing current hashing state
 * @param result calculated hash in binary form
 */
void rhash_sha512_final(sha512_ctx *ctx, unsigned char* result)
{
	size_t index = ((unsigned)ctx->length & 127) >> 3;
	unsigned shift = ((unsigned)ctx->length & 7) * 8;
	/*unsigned *msg32 = (unsigned*)ctx->message;*/

	/* pad message and run for last block */

	/* append the byte 0x80 to the message */
	ctx->message[index]   &= le2me_64( ~(I64(0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF) << shift) );
	ctx->message[index++] ^= le2me_64( I64(0x80) << shift );

	/* if no room left in the message to store 64-bit message length */
	if(index >= 15) {
		if(index == 15) ctx->message[index] = 0;
		rhash_sha512_process_block(ctx->hash, ctx->message);
		index = 0;
	}
	while(index < 15) {
		ctx->message[index++] = 0;
	}
	ctx->message[15] = be2me_64(ctx->length << 3);
	rhash_sha512_process_block(ctx->hash, ctx->message);

	if(result) be64_copy(result, 0, ctx->hash, ctx->digest_length);
}