File: README.md

package info (click to toggle)
ruby-mail-gpg 0.4.0-1~bpo9+1
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: stretch-backports
  • size: 320 kB
  • sloc: ruby: 2,133; makefile: 5
file content (285 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 9,993 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (2)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
# Mail::Gpg [![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/jkraemer/mail-gpg.png?branch=master)](https://travis-ci.org/jkraemer/mail-gpg)

This gem adds GPG/MIME encryption capabilities to the [Ruby Mail
Library](https://github.com/mikel/mail)

For maximum interoperability the gem also supports *decryption* of messages using the non-standard 'PGP-Inline' method
as for example supported in the Mozilla Enigmail OpenPGP plugin.

There may still be GPG encrypted messages that can not be handled by the library, as there are some legacy formats used in the
wild as described in this [Know your PGP implementation](http://binblog.info/2008/03/12/know-your-pgp-implementation/) blog.


## Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

```ruby
gem 'mail-gpg'
```

And then execute:

    $ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

    $ gem install mail-gpg


## Usage

### Encrypting / Signing
Construct your Mail object as usual and specify you want it to be encrypted
with the gpg method:

```ruby
Mail.new do
  to 'jane@doe.net'
  from 'john@doe.net'
  subject 'gpg test'
  body "encrypt me!"
  add_file "some_attachment.zip"

  # encrypt message, no signing
  gpg encrypt: true

  # encrypt and sign message with sender's private key, using the given
  # passphrase to decrypt the key
  gpg encrypt: true, sign: true, password: 'secret'

  # encrypt and sign message using a different key
  gpg encrypt: true, sign_as: 'joe@otherdomain.com', password: 'secret'


  # encrypt and sign message and use a callback function to provide the
  # passphrase.
  gpg encrypt: true, sign_as: 'joe@otherdomain.com',
      passphrase_callback: ->(obj, uid_hint, passphrase_info, prev_was_bad, fd){puts "Enter passphrase for #{passphrase_info}: "; (IO.for_fd(fd, 'w') << readline.chomp).flush }
end.deliver
```

Make sure all recipients' public keys are present in your local gpg keychain.
You will get errors in case encryption is not possible due to missing keys.
If you collect public key data from your users, you can specify the ascii
armored key data for recipients using the `:keys` option like this:

```ruby
johns_key = <<-END
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
Version: GnuPG v1.4.12 (GNU/Linux)

mQGiBEk39msRBADw1ExmrLD1OUMdfvA7cnVVYTC7CyqfNvHUVuuBDhV7azs
....
END

Mail.new do
  to 'john@foo.bar'
  gpg encrypt: true, keys: { 'john@foo.bar' => johns_key }
end
```

The key will then be imported before actually trying to encrypt/send the mail.
In theory you only need to specify the key once like that, however doing it
every time does not hurt as gpg is clever enough to recognize known keys, only
updating it's db when necessary.

Note: Mail-Gpg in version 0.4 and up is more strict regarding the keys option:
if it is present, only key material from there (either given as key data like
above, or as key id, key fingerprint or `GPGMe::Key` object if they have been
imported before) will be used. Keys already present in the local keychain for
any of the recipients that are not explicitly mentioned in the `keys` hash will
be ignored.

You may also want to have a look at the [GPGME](https://github.com/ueno/ruby-gpgme) docs and code base for more info on the various options, especially regarding the `passphrase_callback` arguments.


### Decrypting

Receive the mail as usual. Check if it is encrypted using the `encrypted?` method. Get a decrypted version of the mail with the `decrypt` method:

```ruby
mail = Mail.first
mail.subject # subject is never encrypted
if mail.encrypted?
  # decrypt using your private key, protected by the given passphrase
  plaintext_mail = mail.decrypt(:password => 'abc')
  # the plaintext_mail, is a full Mail::Message object, just decrypted
end
```

Set the `:verify` option to `true` when calling `decrypt` to decrypt *and* verify signatures.

A `GPGME::Error::BadPassphrase` will be raised if the password for the private key is incorrect.
A `EncodingError` will be raised if the encrypted mails is not encoded correctly as a [RFC 3156](http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3156.txt) message.

Please note that in case of a multipart/alternative-message where both parts are inline-encrypted, the HTML-part will be dropped during decryption. Handling the HTML-part would require parsing HTML and guessing about the decrypted contents, which is brittle and out of the scope of this library. If you need the HTML-part of multipart/alternative-messages, use pgp/mime-encryption.

### Signing only

Just leave the `:encrypt` option out or pass `encrypt: false`, i.e.

```ruby
Mail.new do
  to 'jane@doe.net'
  gpg sign: true
end.deliver
```

### Verify signature(s)

Receive the mail as usual. Check if it is signed using the `signed?` method. Check the signature of the mail with the `signature_valid?` method:

```ruby
mail = Mail.first
if !mail.encrypted? && mail.signed?
  verified = mail.verify
  puts "signature(s) valid: #{verified.signature_valid?}"
  puts "message signed by: #{verified.signatures.map{|sig|sig.from}.join("\n")}"
end
```

Note that for encrypted mails the signatures can not be checked using these
methods. For encrypted mails the `:verify` option for the `decrypt` operation
must be used instead:

```ruby
if mail.encrypted?
  decrypted = mail.decrypt(verify: true, password: 's3cr3t')
  puts "signature(s) valid: #{decrypted.signature_valid?}"
  puts "message signed by: #{decrypted.signatures.map{|sig|sig.from}.join("\n")}"
end
```

It's important to actually use the information contained in the `signatures`
array to check if the message really has been signed by the person that you (or
your users) think is the sender - usually by comparing the key id of the
signature with the key id of the expected sender.

### Key import from public key servers

The Hkp class can be used to lookup and import public keys from public key servers.
You can specify the keyserver url when initializing the class:

```ruby
hkp = Hkp.new("hkp://my-key-server.de")
```

Or, if you want to override how ssl certificates should be treated in case of
TLS-secured keyservers (the default is `VERIFY_PEER`):

```ruby
hkp = Hkp.new(keyserver: "hkps://another.key-server.com",
              ssl_verify_mode: OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE)
```

If no port is specified in hkp or hkps URIs (as in the examples above), port
11371 will be used for hkp and port 443 for hkps URIs. Standard `http` or
`https` URIs with or without explicitly set ports work as well.

If no url is given, this gem will try to determine the default keyserver
url from the system's gpg config (using `gpgconf` if available or by
parsing the `gpg.conf` file). As a last resort, the server-pool at
`http://pool.sks-keyservers.net:11371` will be used.

Lookup key ids by searching the keyserver for an email address

```ruby
hkp.search('jane@doe.net')
```

You can lookup (and import) a specific key by its id:

```ruby
key = hkp.fetch(id)
GPGME::Key.import(key)

# or do both in one step
hkp.fetch_and_import(id)
```

## Rails / ActionMailer integration

```ruby
class MyMailer < ActionMailer::Base
  default from: 'baz@bar.com'
  def some_mail
    mail to: 'foo@bar.com', subject: 'subject!', gpg: { encrypt: true }
  end
end
```

The gpg option takes the same arguments as outlined above for the
Mail::Message#gpg method.


## Passwords and GnuPG versions >= 2.x

GnuPG versions >= 2.x require the use of gpg-agent for key-handling. That's a problem for using password-protected keys non-interactively, because gpg-agent doesn't read from file-descriptors (which is the usual way to non-interactively provide passwords with GnuPG 1.x).

With GnuPG 2.x you have two options to provide passwords to gpg-agent:

1. Implement a pinentry-kind-of program that speaks the assuan-protocol and configure gpg-agent to use it.
2. Run gpg-preset-passphrase and allow gpg-agent to read preset passwords.

The second options is somewhat easier and is described below.

Note: You *don't* need this if your key is *not* protected with a password.


To feed a password into gpg-agent run this code early in your program:

```ruby
# The next two lines need adaption, obviously.
fpr = fingerprint_of_key_to_unlock
passphrase = gpg_passphrase_for_key
# You may copy&paste the rest of this block unchanged. Maybe you want to change the error-handling, though.
ENV['GPG_AGENT_INFO'] = `eval $(gpg-agent --allow-preset-passphrase --daemon) && echo $GPG_AGENT_INFO`
`gpgconf --list-dir`.match(/libexecdir:(.*)/)
gppbin = File.join($1, 'gpg-preset-passphrase')
Open3.popen3(gppbin, '--preset', fpr) do |stdin, stdout, stderr|
  stdin.puts passphrase
  err = stderr.readlines
  $stderr.puts err if ! err.to_s.empty?
end
# Hook to kill our gpg-agent when script finishes.
Signal.trap(0, proc {  Process.kill('TERM', ENV['GPG_AGENT_INFO'].split(':')[1]) })
```


## Running the tests

    bundle exec rake

Test cases use a mock gpghome located in `test/gpghome` in order to not mess
around with your personal gpg keychain.

Password for the test PGP private keys is `abc`

## Todo

* signature verification for received mails with inline PGP
* on the fly import of recipients' keys from public key servers based on email address or key id
* handle encryption errors due to missing keys - maybe return a list of failed
  recipients
* add some setup code to help initialize a basic keychain directory with
  public/private keypair.


## Contributing

1. Fork it
2. Create your feature branch (`git checkout -b my-new-feature`)
3. Commit your changes (`git commit -am 'Add some feature'`)
4. Push to the branch (`git push origin my-new-feature`)
5. Create new Pull Request


## Credits

Thanks to:

* [Planio GmbH](https://plan.io) for sponsoring the ongoing maintenance and development of this library
* [morten-andersen](https://github.com/morten-andersen) for implementing decryption support for PGP/MIME and inline encrypted messages
* [FewKinG](https://github.com/FewKinG) for implementing the sign only feature and keyserver url lookup
* [Fup Duck](https://github.com/duckdalbe) for various tweaks and fixes